Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2296
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Kern Christine B CB Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology, 171 Ashley Avenue, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. kernc@musc.edu - - 2010
Here, we demonstrate that ADAMTS9, a highly conserved versican-degrading protease, is required for correct cardiovascular development and adult homeostasis. Analysis of Adamts9(+/LacZ) adult mice revealed anomalies in the aortic wall, valvulosinus and valve leaflets. Abnormal myocardial projections and 'spongy' myocardium consistent with non-compaction of the left ventricle were also found ...
Mazo Manuel - - 2010
Although recent advances for the treatment of myocardial infarction have dramatically increased the rate of survival after the ischemic event, this has also led to a rise in the number of chronic patients, making the finding of a suitable therapy a compulsory subject for modern medicine. Over the last decade, ...
Taneda Yusuke - - 2010
The size and morphology of organs are largely determined by a genetic program. However in some cases, an epigenetic mechanism influences the process of organ development. Particularly, epigenetic factors such as hemodynamic stress and blood pressure affect the morphogenesis of cardiac chambers and valves. Here, we report that the epigenetic ...
Hwang Hyosook - - 2010
The emerging evidence that the heart has the potential to regenerate, albeit not ideally, has stimulated considerable interest in the field of cardiac regenerative medicine. Several lines of research demonstrated that factor-based therapy is feasible and effective, whether it is used independently or as an adjunct to cell therapy. The ...
Tanno Masaya - - 2010
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in chronic heart failure. SIRT1, an NAD(+)-dependent histone/protein deacetylase, promotes cell survival under oxidative stress when it is expressed in the nucleus. However, adult cardiomyocytes predominantly express SIRT1 in the cytoplasm, and its function has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was ...
Cottage Christopher T CT San Diego State Heart Institute, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Dr, San Diego, CA 92182, - - 2010
Cardioprotective effects of Pim-1 kinase have been previously reported but the underlying mechanistic basis may involve a combination of cellular and molecular mechanisms that remain unresolved. The elucidation of the mechanistic basis for Pim-1 mediated cardioprotection provides important insights for designing therapeutic interventional strategies to treat heart disease. Effects of ...
Kakkar Rahul R Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2010
Cardiac fibroblasts are emerging as key components of normal cardiac function, as well as the response to stressors and injury. These most numerous cells of the heart interact with myocytes via paracrine mechanisms, alterations in extracellular matrix homeostasis, and direct cell-cell interactions. It is possible that they are a contributor ...
Tang Junming - - 2010
Gene and stem-cell therapies hold promise for the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular disease. Combined stem cell, chemokine, and angiogenic growth factor gene therapy could augment angiogenesis, and better improve heart function in the infarcted myocardium. In order to prove this action, we established the animal model of myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Tang Xian-Liang XL Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, - - 2010
Administration of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) 4 hours after reperfusion ameliorates left ventricular function in rats with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Clinically, however, this approach is not feasible, because expansion of autologous CPCs after acute MI requires several weeks. Therefore, we sought to determine whether CPCs are beneficial in the ...
Theiss Hans D - - 2010
Our pre-clinical studies demonstrated that G-CSF based stem cell mobilization in combination with genetic or pharmaceutical CD26/DPP-IV inhibition after acute myocardial infarction leads to improved cardiac homing of stem cells, enhanced heart function and increased survival. Thereupon, we initiated a phase III, multi-centre, randomised, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study (n=100) ...
Formigli L - - 2010
Until recently, skeletal myoblasts (SkMBs) have been the most widely used cells in basic research and clinical trials of cell based therapy for cardiac repair and regeneration. Although SkMB engraftment into the post-infarcted heart has been consistently found to improve cardiac contractile function, the underlying therapeutic mechanisms remain still a ...
Danoviz Maria E - - 2010
Cardiac cell transplantation is compromised by low cell retention and poor graft viability. Here, the effects of co-injecting adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) with biopolymers on cell cardiac retention, ventricular morphometry and performance were evaluated in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). 99mTc-labeled ASCs (1x10(6) cells) isolated from isogenic ...
Henning Robert J - - 2010
AIMS: We investigated whether human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (HUCBC) can limit progressive cardiomyopathy in TO2 hamsters. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 22 TO2 1-month-old hamsters were treated with intramyocardial HUCBC, 4 x 10(6) in Isolyte, and 23 TO2 1-month-old hamsters were treated with intramyocardial Isolyte. A total ...
Traverse Jay H - - 2010
A realistic goal for cardiac cell therapy may be to attenuate left ventricular remodeling following acute myocardial infarction to prevent the development of congestive heart failure. Initial clinical trials of cell therapy have delivered cells 1 to 7 days after acute myocardial infarction. However, many patients at risk of developing ...
Song Lanying - - 2010
The role of a key Wnt coreceptor Lrp6 during heart development remains unclear. Here we show that ablation of Lrp6 in mice causes conotruncal anomalies including double-outlet right ventricle (DORV), outflow tract (OFT) cushion hypoplasia, and ventricular septal defect (VSD). Cardiac neural crest cells are specifically lost in the dorsal ...
Sanz-Ruiz Ricardo - - 2010
First randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that stem cell therapy can improve cardiac recovery after the acute phase of myocardial ischemia and in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease. Nevertheless, some trials have shown that conflicting results and uncertainties remain in the case of mechanisms of action and possible ways ...
Kinoshita Masayoshi - - 2010
Cardiomyocytes have been induced from various pluripotent cells, such as embryonic stem cells and myeloid stem cells; however, the generation of cardiac tissues beyond two-dimensional cell-sheets has not been reported. Creating higher order, three-dimensional structures that are unique to heart is the long-awaited next step in realizing cardiac regenerative medicine. ...
Funakoshi Hiraku - - 2010
We report a 38-year-old mestizo man with the sudden onset of left upper abdominal pain while climbing Mt. Fuji, which is the highest mountain in Japan. Enhanced computed tomography showed splenic infarction. Although his peripheral blood smear was normal, a hemoglobin S level of 40% established the diagnosis of sickle ...
Forest Virginie F - - 2010
ABSTRACT : INTRODUCTION : Early randomized clinical trials of autologous bone marrow cardiac stem cell therapy have reported contradictory results highlighting the need for a better evaluation of protocol designs. This study was designed to quantify and compare whole body and heart cell distribution after intracoronary or peripheral intravenous injection ...
Sant'anna Roberto T - - 2010
Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) effects have been investigated in small series of nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDC). Left ventricular myocardial contractility improvements occur, but doubt remains about their mechanism of action. We compared contractility changes in areas treated (free wall) and nontreated (septal wall) with BMMC, in selected patients who ...
Dai Wangde - - 2010
As a novel potential therapeutic strategy for cardiac disease, cell transplantation therapy has been extensively investigated in experimental studies and clinical trials. Although encouraging results have been demonstrated, a number of critical questions still remain to be answered. For example, what kind of stem cell and how many cells should ...
Liu Wan-Chi - - 2010
We used for the first time a right ventricular exclusion procedure for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma metastatic to the right ventricle. Our case report shows that this surgical option can be effective as rescue therapy for right ventricular outflow tract obstruction secondary to myocardial metastasis in critically ill patients. ...
Whelan Russell S - - 2010
Cell death was once viewed as unregulated. It is now clear that at least a portion of cell death is a regulated cell suicide process. This type of death can exhibit multiple morphologies. One of these, apoptosis, has long been recognized to be actively mediated, and many of its underlying ...
Maldonado Claudio - - 2010
Elevated levels of serum homocysteine (Hcy) resulting in hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) have been implicated in cardiac pathological conditions including: coronary heart disease (CHD), acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmogenesis and sudden cardiac death (SCD). The mechanisms by which HHcy leads to arrhythmogenesis and SCD are unknown. Novel findings indicate that Hcy is an ...
Li Xiao-Yan XY Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of - - 2010
Experimental and clinical studies have suggested that cell implantation could improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). However, this technique was limited by decreased engraftment and survival of transplanted cells within the ischemic tissue. The present study was performed to investigate whether implantation of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) encapsulated ...
Chan Carmen Wing-Sze - - 2010
Recent studies suggested that bone marrow (BM) cell implantation in patients with severe chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) resulted in modest improvement in symptoms and cardiac function. This study sought to investigate the functional changes that occur within the chronic human ischaemic myocardium after direct endomyocardial BM cells implantation by ...
MacGrogan Donal - - 2010
The Notch-signaling pathway is involved in multiple processes during vertebrate cardiac development. Cardiomyocyte differentiation, patterning of the different cardiac regions, valve development, ventricular trabeculation, and outflow tract development have all been shown to depend on the activity of specific Notch-signaling elements. From these studies, it becomes obvious that Notch regulates ...
Rychli Kathrin - - 2010
Cardiac diseases such as myocardial infarction and heart failure are among the leading causes of death in western societies. Therapeutic angiogenesis has been suggested as a concept to combat these diseases. The biology of angiogenic factors expressed in the heart such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is well studied, ...
Hashemi Seyed Reza - - 2010
Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an excellent therapy for coronary artery disease, there is a paucity of information on the efficacy of PCI in improving diastolic function, especially in Iran. Because of the high prevalence of left diastolic dysfunction in coronary artery disease patients and its probable progression to ...
Carter-Monroe Naima - - 2010
Cardiac regeneration in the form of cell-based therapy offers hope of becoming the breakthrough technology that transforms the state of cardiac medicine. Before attempting to develop the techniques to assess the effectiveness of myocardial regeneration in humans, researchers must have at least a basic understanding of the human heart in ...
Liu Shu Q - - 2010
Cardiomyocyte injury occurs in myocardial ischemia, resulting in impairment of cardiac function. As the endogenous protective function of adult cardiomyocytes is limited, nonmyocytic cells may be activated to protect myocardium from ischemic injury. In this investigation, we demonstrated in a mouse model of myocardial ischemia that the liver was able ...
Guzm?n Laura Villavicencio - - 2010
No consensus exists regarding the precise contribution of myocardium and the atrioventricular (AV) cushion mesenchyme to the development of leaflets, tendinous cords (TCs) and papillary muscles. Furthermore, the origin and fate of the myocardium embedded in the immature mesenchyme of the AV cushions at the beginning of AV valvulogenesis is ...
Patrick Simon M - - 2010
Mechanoelectric feedback (MEF) describes the modulation of electrical activity by mechanical activity. This may occur via the activation of mechanosensitive ion channels (MSCs). MEF has not previously been investigated in fish ventricular tissue even though fish can greatly increase ventricular end diastolic volume during exercise which should therefore provide a ...
Zeng Bin - - 2010
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-inducible enzyme with diverse cytoprotective effects, and reported to have an important role in angiogenesis recently. Here we investigated whether HO-1 transduced by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can induce angiogenic effects in infarcted myocardium. HO-1 was transfected into cultured MSCs using an adenoviral vector. 1 ...
Chin Sze-Piaw - - 2010
BACKGROUND AIMS: Bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) represent a novel therapy for severe heart failure with extensive myocardial scarring, especially when performed concurrently with conventional revascularization. However, stem cells are difficult to transport in culture media without risk of contamination, infection and reduced viability. We tested the feasibility ...
Nagy Irina I - - 2010
AIMS: The stage-dependent organization of the cardiomyocytes during formation of the different layers of the developing ventricular wall is critical for the establishment of a functional heart, but the instructive signals involved are still poorly known. We have addressed the potential role of Wnt-11 in the control of early ventricular ...
Christoforou Nicolas N Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America. - - 2010
Stem cell transplantation holds great promise for the treatment of myocardial infarction injury. We recently described the embryonic stem cell-derived cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) capable of differentiating into cardiomyocytes, vascular endothelium, and smooth muscle. In this study, we hypothesized that transplanted CPCs will preserve function of the infarcted heart by ...
Tsoporis James N - - 2010
S100B, a calcium-binding protein of the EF-hand type, exerts both intracellular and extracellular functions. S100B is induced in the myocardium of human subjects and an experimental rat model following myocardial infarction. Forced expression of S100B in neonatal rat myocyte cultures and high level expression of S100B in transgenic mice hearts ...
Chan Sunny S-K - - 2010
Mounting evidence suggests the regenerative potential of the mammalian heart. Nevertheless, the contribution of endogenous stem or precursor cells to adult cardiac regeneration upon myocardial injuries remains unclear. We hereby describe a genetic fate-mapping approach to study adult cardiomyocyte replenishment after myocardial injury. Using double transgenic MerCreMer-ZEG mice, the fate ...
Azhar Mohamad - - 2010
SMAD4 acts as the converging point for TGFβ and BMP signaling in heart development. Here, we investigated the role of SMAD4 in heart development using a novel α skeletal muscle actin Cre recombinase (MuCre) transgenic mouse strain. Lineage tracing using MuCre/ROSA26(LacZ) reporter mice indicated strong Cre-recombinase expression in developing and ...
Senel-Ayaz H G HG Drexel University, School of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Health Systems, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases, specifically myocardial infarction and end-stage heart failure represent some of the major pathologies that threaten human life. Here we present a novel approach for a bioactive cardiac patch based on a combination of biomedical and textile manufacturing techniques in concert with nano-biotechnology based tissue-engineering stratagems. The technological goal ...
Bui Quang T - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is the single greatest killer of Americans and its complications are a major cause of congestive heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias while signifiicantly contributing to increased health care costs and reduced patient quality of life. Advances in medical therapy, although signifiicant over the past decade, are still ...
Mihardja Shirley S - - 2010
The extracellular matrix plays an important role in tissue regeneration. We investigated whether extracellular matrix protein fragments could be targeted with antibodies to ischemically injured myocardium to promote angiogenesis and myocardial repair. Four peptides, 2 derived from fibronectin and 2 derived from Type IV Collagen, were assessed for in vitro ...
Stein Andreas - - 2010
Expanded endothelial progenitor cells (eEPC) improve global left ventricular function in experimental myocardial infarction (MI). Erythropoietin beta (EPO) applied together with eEPC may improve regional myocardial function even further by anti-apoptotic and cardioprotective effects. Aim of this study was to evaluate intramyocardial application of eEPCs and EPO as compared to ...
Rupp Stefan - - 2010
Novel surgical strategies have dramatically improved the initial outcome of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. However, the single systemic right ventricle remains a major challenge, with limited effectiveness of pharmacologic therapy. The present case documents that the intracoronary administration of autologous bone marrow-derived progenitor cells is technically feasible in ...
Piepoli Massimo F - - 2010
Bone marrow (BM) stem cells improve cardiac function and outcome after acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). In this randomized controlled trial, the effects of intracoronary transfer of autologous BM cells on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and volumes (2D-echo and resting SPECT), stroke volume [impedance cardiography (ICG)], autonomic control ...
Rentschler Stacey S Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Penn Cardiovascular Institute, and the Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 1154 BRB II, 421 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2010
The heart forms as a linear heart tube that loops and septates to produce a mature four-chambered structure. The single vessel emerging from the embryonic heart, the truncus arteriosus, divides into the aorta and the pulmonary artery as part of this septation process, and a series of additional morphogenetic events ...
Bai Xiaowen - - 2010
We assessed whether freshly isolated human adipose tissue-derived cells (fhADCs) or cultured human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hASCs) have beneficial effects on cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI), whether the injected cells can survive long term, and whether their effects result from direct differentiation or paracrine mechanisms. Myocardial infarction was ...
Dong Feng - - 2010
RATIONALE: Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is a transcription factor stabilized by hypoxia. It regulates cytokines involved in the inflammatory response after ischemia and affects white blood cell (WBCs) function. The effect of HIF-1alpha on WBC function and inflammation following myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed peritoneal and myocardial ...
Gyöngyösi Mariann - - 2010
We have investigated the effect of stem cell delivery on the release of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) in peripheral circulation and myocardium in experimental myocardial ischemia. Closed-chest, reperfused myocardial infarction (MI) was created in domestic pigs. Porcine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were cultured and delivered (9.8 +/- 1.2 x ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >