Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2296
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Tendera Michal - - 2010
The results of clinical studies showed that there is a moderate increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) at 4-6 months after stem cell therapy. So far, the endpoint of such trials was the change of LVEF and volumes measured by LV angiography or MRI; however, these parameters might ...
Tan Genevieve - - 2010
Dysregulation of matrix synthesis during myocardial fibrosis in post-infarct ventricular remodeling contributes to ventricular dysfunction. Bone marrow stem cell transplantation prevents functional deterioration following myocardial infarction. However, effect of myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) on stem cell differentiation is poorly understood. We investigate the role of collagen matrices and integrin system ...
Lakkisto Päivi - - 2010
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a known cytoprotective enzyme implicated also in the cell cycle regulation and angiogenesis, exerts many of its beneficial effects through carbon monoxide (CO). We studied the roles of HO-1 and CO in cardiac regeneration after myocardial infarction. Prior to coronary artery ligation, male Wistar rats were given ...
Li Qun Q Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center for Cardiovascular Research and Alternative Medicine, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, - - 2010
Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation may improve the overall heart function, the heterogeneity of myocardial cells makes it difficult to determine the nature of cells benefited from transplantation. This study evaluated the effect of intra-myocardial MSC transplantation on myocardial function following MI. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-expressing donor MSCs ...
Dorn Gerald W GW 2nd Center for Pharmacogenomics, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2010
Programmed cardiac myocyte death via the intrinsic, or mitochondrial, pathway is a mechanism of pathological ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction and during chronic pressure overload hypertrophy. Transcriptional upregulation of the closely related proapoptotic Bcl2 family members BNip3 in ischemic myocardium and Nix in hypertrophied myocardium suggested a molecular mechanism by ...
Townsend Dewayne D Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA. - - 2010
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal disease of striated muscle deterioration caused by lack of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. Dystrophin deficiency causes muscle membrane instability, skeletal muscle wasting, cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. Advances in palliative respiratory care have increased the incidence of heart disease in DMD patients, for which ...
Wang Deguo - - 2010
The involvement of connexins in regulating cell growth and death has recently been reported. We have investigated whether Cx43 (connexin43) contributes to MSC (mesenchymal stem cell) survival and improves therapeutic efficacy in MI (myocardial infarction). Genetically modified Cx43 MSCs were exposed to hypoxic conditions or injected intramyocardially into a rat ...
Wang Feng - - 2010
Heart diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI) and congestive heart failure (CHF), have high mortality rates. Both MI and CHF are characterized by cardiac muscle damage caused by massive cardiomyocyte death and reduced cardiac function. Cellular therapy aimed at using cells to improve cardiac function and/or regenerate new myocardium, has been ...
Huber Bruno C - - 2010
Mobilization of stem cells by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was shown to have protective effects after myocardial infarction (MI); however, clinical trials failed to be effective. In search for alternative cytokines, parathyroid hormone (PTH) was recently shown to promote cardiac repair by enhanced neovascularization and cell survival. To compare the ...
Rysä Jaana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that GATA-4 is an antiapoptotic factor required for adaptive responses and a key regulator of hypertrophy and hypertrophy-associated genes in the heart. As a leading cause of chronic heart failure, reversal of postinfarction left ventricular remodeling represents an important target for therapeutic interventions. Here, we studied ...
Taljaard Monica - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread use of pharmacological and/or interventional reperfusion therapies, recovery of cardiac function in myocardial infarction (MI) patients is often modest or even absent. Unlike classical pharmacological treatments, the use of progenitor cells could potentially restore functional tissue in regions that otherwise would form only scar. However, a ...
Song Heesang - - 2010
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the greatest potential for use in cell-based therapy of human heart diseases, especially in myocardial infarcts. The therapeutic potential of MSCs in myocardial repair is based on the ability of MSCs to directly differentiate into cardiac tissue and on the paracrine ...
Shah U - - 2010
A natural myocardial patch for heart regeneration derived from porcine urinary bladder matrix (UBM) was previously reported to outperform synthetic materials (Dacron and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)) used in current surgical treatments. UBM, an extracellular matrix prepared from urinary bladder, has intricate three-dimensional architecture with two distinct sides: the luminal side ...
Dib Nabil N Mercy Gilbert Medical Center, Chandler Regional Medical Center, 3420 South Mercy Road, Gilbert, AZ 85297, USA. - - 2010
The field of myocardial regeneration (angiogenesis and myogenesis) might prove to play an important role in the future management of cardiovascular disease. Stem cells are currently undergoing testing in Phase I and Phase II clinical trials. Methods of delivery will affect the outcome of such therapies, perhaps significantly. This document ...
Pinho-Ribeiro V - - 2010
Therapy with bone marrow-derived cells has been used in ischemic patients with reported success. The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of fresh and frozen human umbilical cord blood cells (hUCB) in Wistar rats submitted to permanent occlusion of the left coronary artery. Three hours after ...
Wang Haibin - - 2010
Future perspectives Heart disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Myocardial infarction leads to permanent loss of cardiac tissue and ultimately heart failure. However, current therapies could only stall the progression of the disease. Thus, new therapies are needed to regenerate damaged hearts to overcome poor prognosis ...
Laeremans Hilde - - 2010
AIMS: The Wnt/frizzled (Fzd) signal transduction cascade has been implicated in the proliferation, differentiation, and migration of many cell types, but the role of this pathway in cardiac fibroblast differentiation is not known. Our lab previously showed an up-regulation of Fzd-1 and -2 expression in myofibroblasts after myocardial infarction (MI), ...
Nguyen Ba-Khoi - - 2010
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) improves repair and function recovery following myocardial infarction (MI), but underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. We hypothesize that MSC could achieve protection by paracrine effects through released mediators rather than direct cardiac regeneration. We sought to characterize the effects of MSC-secreted growth factors ...
Ago Tetsuro T Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Newark, NJ 07103, - - 2010
NADPH oxidases are a major source of superoxide (O(2)(-)) in the cardiovascular system. The function of Nox4, a member of the Nox family of NADPH oxidases, in the heart is poorly understood. The goal of this study was to elucidate the role of Nox4 in mediating oxidative stress and growth/death ...
Russell Brenda B Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2010
A ventricular myocyte experiences changes in length and load during every beat of the heart and has the ability to remodel cell shape to maintain cardiac performance. Specifically, myocytes elongate in response to increased diastolic strain by adding sarcomeres in series, and they thicken in response to continued systolic stress ...
Abarbanell Aaron M - - 2010
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), a key component of the innate immune system, is linked to inflammation and myocardial dysfunction after ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). Treatment of the heart with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is known to improve myocardial recovery after I/R in part by paracrine factors such as VEGF. However, it ...
Jameel Mohammad Nurulqadr - - 2010
The study examined the long-term outcome of cardiac stem cell transplantation in hearts with postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Myocardial infarction (MI) was created by ligating the first and second diagonal branches of the left anterior descending coronary artery in miniature swine. Intramyocardial injections of 50 million LacZ-labeled bone marrow-derived ...
De Siena Rocco - - 2010
Cell-based therapy could be a valid option to treat myocardial infarct (MI). Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADStCs) have demonstrated tissue regenerative potential including cardiomyogenesis. Omentum is an extremely rich source of visceral fat and its accumulation seems to correlate with cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the capacity of human fat Omentum-derived StCs ...
Chu Po-Yin PY Heart Failure Research Group, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Central, Melbourne, VIC 8008, - - 2010
Cardiac fibrosis contributes significantly to the phenotype of the chronically failing heart. It is not clear whether in this setting the fibrosis is contributed by native cardiac fibroblasts or alternatively by recruitment of cells arising from the bone marrow. We aimed to determine the contribution of bone marrow-derived cells to ...
Surovyatkina Elena - - 2010
The underlying mechanisms of irregular cardiac rhythms are still poorly understood. Many experimental and modeling studies are aimed at identifying factors which cause cardiac arrhythmias. However, a lack of understanding of heart rhythm dynamical properties makes it difficult to uncover precise mechanisms of electrical instabilities, and hence to predict the ...
Rigol Montserrat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cell-based therapies offer a promising approach to reducing the short-term mortality rate associated with heart failure after a myocardial infarction. The aim of the study was to analyze histological and functional effects of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) after myocardial infarction and compare 2 types of administration pathways. METHODS ...
Chen You-Ren - - 2011
Postinfarct congestive heart failure is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. It is controversial whether embryonic stem cells are feasible sources for in situ cardiac regeneration in infarcted hearts. In order to investigate whether the infarcted cardiac microenvironment could selectively promote embryonic stem cell ...
Nogami Yashiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of cardiac dysfunction induced by experimental myocardial infarction on the host defense response to bacterial infection and the role of Kupffer cells in mediating this response. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was induced in C57BL/6 mice by ligation of the left anterior descending ...
Ekonomou Antigoni A Stem Cell Biology Laboratory, Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, King's College London, London SE1 IUL, UK. - - 2011
Since groundbreaking studies demonstrated the presence of progenitor cells in the adult human brain, there have been intense interests in their potential therapeutic application, but to date only limited data has been obtained in man. An immunohistological study was performed in order to examine neurogenesis in both the subventricular and ...
Chen Jiqiu - - 2010
Acute coronary occlusion is the leading cause of death in the Western world. There is an unmet need for the development of treatments to limit the extent of myocardial infarction (MI) during the acute phase of occlusion. Recently, investigators have focused on the use of a chemokine, CXCL12, the only ...
Kenis Heidi - - 2010
Ischemic insult to the myocardium is associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Because apoptotic cell death is characterized by phosphatidylserine externalization on cell membrane and annexin-A5 (AA5) avidly binds to phosphatidylserine, we hypothesized that radiolabeled AA5 should be able to identify the regions of myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Models of brief myocardial ischemia ...
Dinsmore Jonathan H - - 2010
The last decade has been accompanied by great optimism and interest in the concept of cell or tissue regeneration in the postinfarction myocardium. However, despite the promise, progress was slow. Data derived from multiple controlled studies in hundreds of patients postmyocardial infarction have shown hints of potential benefit but not ...
Vidal Justin D - - 2010
The cynomolgus macaque is the most commonly used nonhuman primate in nonclinical toxicity testing, but the impact of the geographic source of cynomolgus macaque on differences in spontaneous pathology and response to xenobiotics has only recently been explored. Previous work from the authors' facility has described spontaneous cardiac findings in ...
Gepstein Lior - - 2010
Ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of a healed myocardial infarction represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The underlying mechanism is the presence of slow conduction tissue within the infarct border zone. In the current review we describe experimental gene and cell therapy approaches targeting the electrophysiologic substrate of ...
Pijnappels Daniël A DA Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the - - 2010
Cardiac development is characterized by a complex interplay of chemical, mechanical, and electrical forces, which together contribute to the proper formation of the heart muscle. In adult myocardium, cardiomyocytes are elongated, well-coupled by gap junctions, and organized in spatially well-defined muscle fibers. This specific tissue architecture affects electromechanical activation and ...
Bourahla Belahouel - - 2010
Cell transplantation for the regeneration of ischemic myocardium is limited by poor graft viability and low cell retention. Omental flaps in association with growth factors and cell sheets have recently been used to increase the vascularization of ischemic hearts. This experimental study was undertaken to evaluate the hemodynamic evolution and ...
Blumenthal Britta - - 2010
In animal models, intramyocardial injection of primary skeletal myoblasts is supposed to promote tissue regeneration and to improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction. The usage of genetically engineered myoblasts overexpressing the paracrine factors involved in tissue repair is believed to enhance these effects. However, cell therapy via injection is always ...
Benetti Federico - - 2010
End-stage heart failure (HF) is refractory to current standard medical therapy, and the number of donor hearts is insufficient to meet the demand for transplantation. Recent studies suggest autologous stem cell therapy may regenerate cardiomyocytes, stimulate neovascularization, and improve cardiac function and clinical status. Although human fetal-derived stem cells (HFDSCs) ...
Grossini Elena - - 2010
PURPOSE: Powerful mediators of programmed cell death, such as apoptosis and autophagy, can contribute to myocyte cell loss during pathological cardiac conditions. Levosimendan has been shown to exert beneficial hemodynamic effects in presence of global myocardial ischemia and heart failure through vasodilatation and increase of cardiac contractility. Recently, the intracoronary ...
Hong Soon Jun - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are readily available from autologous adipose tissue and have been demonstrated to provide significant potential for tissue rescue from, or repair of, damage in multiple animal models. These include models of myocardial infarction, heart failure, hind limb ischemia, and inflammatory conditions. Early clinical ...
Watanabe Yusuke - - 2010
During cardiogenesis in the mouse, the second heart field (SHF) is the source of the myocardium of the outflow tract and it contributes to other regions of the heart with the exception of the primitive left ventricle. This contribution corresponds with that of the second myocardial cell lineage, identified by ...
Tavris Dale - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Women are at greater risk for worse outcomes associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) than are men. One explanation may be that they tend to be treated less aggressively than men even when more aggressive treatment is warranted. The purpose of this analysis was to assess this issue. METHODS: ...
Cui Xiaojun - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) causes myocardium injury and scar formation, and the transmural infarction is associated with ventricular hypofunction. Stem cell transplantation therapy has improved cardiac function in animal models of MI. However, the poor survival of the donor cells in the host myocardium hampers the therapeutic efficacy of stem cell ...
Mommersteeg Mathilda T M - - 2010
AIMS: During development, the heart tube grows by differentiation of Isl1(+)/Nkx2-5(+) progenitors to the arterial and venous pole and dorsal mesocardium. However, after the establishment of the heart tube, Tbx18(+) progenitors were proposed to form the Tbx18(+)/Nkx2-5(-) sinus venosus and proepicardium. To elucidate the relationship between these contributions, we investigated ...
Papp Sylvia - - 2010
While calreticulin has been shown to be critical for cardiac development, its role in cardiac pathology is unclear. Previous studies have shown the detrimental effects on the heart of sustained germline calreticulin overexpression, yet without calreticulin, the heart does not develop normally. Thus, carefully balanced calreticulin levels are required for ...
Smyrnias Ioannis - - 2010
Narrow, tubular, inward projections of the sarcolemma ('T-tubules') are an established feature of adult mammalian ventricular myocytes that enables them to generate the whole-cell Ca2+ transients and produce coordinated contraction. Loss of T-tubules can occur during ageing and under pathological conditions, leading to altered cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. In contrast to ...
Brindley David N - - 2010
Excessive fatty acid (FA) uptake by cardiac myocytes is often associated with adverse changes in cardiac function. This is especially evident in diabetic individuals, where increased intramyocardial triacylglycerol (TG) resulting from the exposure to high levels of circulating FA has been proposed to be a major contributor to diabetic cardiomyopathy. ...
Wang Yong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) attenuates the development of heart failure. In addition to its local effects on cardiovascular tissue, Ang-(1-7) also stimulates bone marrow, which harbors cells that might complement the therapeutic effect of Ang-(1-7). We studied the effects of Ang-(1-7) either produced locally in the heart or subcutaneously injected during ...
Zhang Yan - - 2010
We have recently shown that native murine ventricular fibroblasts express both connexin43 (Cx43) and Cx45, and that the level of Cx43 expression influences intercellular coupling and cell proliferation. Relatively little is known, however, about how myocardial infarction (MI) influences expression of Cx43, or how altered Cx43 expression may affect fibroblast ...
Huang Chengqun C San Diego State University, BioScience Center and Department of Biology, CA, - - 2010
The anthracycline doxorubicin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent used to treat pediatric cancers but is associated with cardiotoxicity that can manifest many years after the initial exposure. To date, very little is known about the mechanism of this late-onset cardiotoxicity. To understand this problem, we developed a pediatric model of ...
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