Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2296
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Alloatti Giuseppe - - 2010
Obestatin, a newly discovered peptide encoded by the ghrelin gene, induces the expression of genes regulating pancreatic beta-cell differentiation, insulin biosynthesis, and glucose metabolism. It also activates antiapoptotic signaling pathways such as phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and ERK1/2 in pancreatic beta-cells and human islets. Since these kinases have been shown to ...
Deacon Dekker C - - 2010
Discovering the genetic and cellular mechanisms that drive cardiac morphogenesis remains a fundamental goal, as three-dimensional architecture greatly impacts functional capacity. During development, accurately contoured chambers balloon from a primitive tube in a process characterized by regional changes in myocardial cell size and shape. How these localized changes are achieved ...
Jujo Kentaro - - 2010
We hypothesized that a small molecule CXCR4 antagonist, AMD3100 (AMD), could augment the mobilization of bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), thereby enhancing neovascularization and functional recovery after myocardial infarction. Single-dose AMD injection administered after the onset of myocardial infarction increased circulating EPC counts and myocardial vascularity, reduced fibrosis, ...
Arnold Roman - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We tried to evaluate a putative negative effect on coronary atherosclerosis in patients receiving intracoronary infusion of unfractionated bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) following an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells or enriched CD133(+) BMMC have been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis of the distal segment of the ...
Seif-Naraghi Sonya B - - 2010
Following ischemic injury in the heart, little to no repair occurs, causing a progressive degeneration of cardiac function that leads to congestive heart failure. Cardiac tissue engineering strategies have focused on designing a variety of injectable scaffolds that range in composition from single-component materials to complex extracellular matrix (ECM)-derived materials. ...
Spadaccio Cristiano - - 2011
Myocardial infarction and its consequences represent one of the most demanding challenges in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Transfer of skeletal myoblasts into decompensated hearts has been performed through intramyocardial injection. However, the achievements of both cardiomyocyte differentiation and precise integration of the injected cells into the myocardial wall, in ...
Luan Yun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We aimed to confirm the mid-term results of the new method combined with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation and transmyocardial drilling revascularization (TMDR) with degradable stent incorporated with basic fibroblast growth factor and heparin. METHODS: The miniswine underwent acute myocardial infarction by ligation of the left anterior ...
Wainwright John M - - 2010
Whole organ engineering would benefit from a three-dimensional scaffold produced from intact organ-specific extracellular matrix (ECM). The microenvironment and architecture provided by such a scaffold would likely support site-appropriate cell differentiation and spatial organization. The methods to produce such scaffolds from intact organs require customized decellularization protocols. In the present ...
Tokac Mehmet - - 2010
Cellular cardiomyoplasty is a promising approach for the treatment of severe heart failure. However, the question which cell line is the best to use is still a matter of debate. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of arterial media-intima cell suspension (AMICS) transplantation in rabbit myocardial infarct ...
Kelly Megan L ML The Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2010
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may improve myocardial function after I/R injury via paracrine effects, including the release of growth factors. Genetic modification of MSCs is an appealing method to enhance MSC paracrine action. Ablation of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1), but not TNFR2, increases MSC growth factor production. In this study, ...
Herrmann Jeremy L - - 2010
Stem cell-based therapies offer promising potential for myocardial infarction (MI), but endogenous molecules released in response to injury likely impair posttransplantation stem cell function. Stem cell-mediated cardioprotection occurs in part via paracrine effects, and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) has been shown to enhance paracrine function. However, it is unknown whether ...
Dubois Christophe - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We compared biological repair after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with selected porcine progenitor cell populations. BACKGROUND: Cell types and mechanisms responsible for myocardial repair after AMI remain uncertain. METHODS: In a blinded, randomized study, we infused autologous late-outgrowth endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) (n = 10, 34 +/- 22 x ...
Armi??n Ana - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of human CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to treat myocardial infarction (MI) in a model of permanent left descendent coronary artery (LDA) ligation in nude rats. BACKGROUND: Transplantation of human CD34(+) cells and ...
Ueda Kazutaka - - 2010
Erythropoietin reportedly has beneficial effects on the heart after myocardial infarction, but the underlying mechanisms of these effects are unknown. We here demonstrate that sonic hedgehog is a critical mediator of erythropoietin-induced cardioprotection in mice. Treatment of mice with erythropoietin inhibited left ventricular remodeling and improved cardiac function after myocardial ...
Carmona R - - 2010
The epicardium has recently been identified as an active and essential element of cardiac development. Recent reports have unveiled a variety of functions performed by the embryonic epicardium, as well as the cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating them. However, despite its developmental importance, a number of unsolved issues related to ...
Bai Yongyi - - 2010
Clinical studies on intracoronary bone marrow cell (BMCs) infusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) revealed mixed results. Recently, meta-analysis on this topic have been conducted and found that there was marked heterogeneity between trials. The objective of this systematic review is to have a retrospection of the efficacy ...
Herdrich Benjamin J BJ The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. - - 2010
The adult response to myocardial infarction results in inflammation, scar formation, left ventricular dilatation, and loss of regional and global function. Regenerative scarless healing has been demonstrated in foetal dermis and tendon and is associated with diminished inflammation. We hypothesised that following foetal myocardial infarction, there would be minimal inflammation, ...
Giraud Marie-Noëlle - - 2010
Cell transplantation presents great potential for treatment of patients with severe heart failure. However, its clinical application was revealed to be more challenging than initially expected in experimental studies. Further investigations need to be undertaken to define the optimal treatment conditions. We previously reported on the epicardial implantation of a ...
Wang Jingxiong J University of Texas-MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Pressler Blvd, Box 1451, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Human CD34(+) cells have been used in clinical trials for treatment of myocardial infarction (MI). However, it is unknown how long the CD34(+) cells persist in hearts, whether the improvement in cardiac function is sustained, or what are the underlying mechanisms. We sought to track the fate of injected human ...
Zhang Li-feng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tbx1 is the major candidate gene for DiGeorge syndrome (DGS). Similar to defects observed in DGS patients, the structures disrupted in Tbx1(-/-) animal models are derived from the neural crest cells during development. Although the morphological phenotypes of some Tbx1 knock-down animal models have been well described, analysis of ...
Lin Song-Chang - - 2010
Retinoic acid (RA) has several established functions during cardiac development, including actions in the fetal epicardium required for myocardial growth. An open question is if retinoid effects are limited to growth factor stimulation pathway(s) or if additional actions on uncommitted progenitor/stem populations might drive cardiac differentiation. Here we report the ...
Phillips Matthew D - - 2011
Dkk1 and Dkk2 interact with LRP5 and LRP6 to modulate canonical Wnt signaling during development, and are known to be expressed in the developing heart. However, a loss-of-function mutation in either gene by itself produces no discernable heart phenotype. Using standard husbandry techniques, Dkk1 null and Dkk2 null mouse lines ...
Codina Marta M University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, BRB II/III, Room 608, 421 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19014, USA. - - 2010
Inspired by studies demonstrating the potential for new myocyte formation within adult mammalian hearts, an ongoing explosion of research is elucidating the biology of cardiac myogenesis and angiogenesis. Multiple lines of research suggest that disease-associated activation of endogenous cardiac repair processes are often insufficient to overcome the cell death resulting ...
Yu Jun - - 2010
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor, CXCR4, are crucial for homing and migration of multiple stem cell types. Their potential role in mediating bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) migration in areas of myocardial infarction (MI) has not been demonstrated. In this study, rat heart MI was created by ...
Gaetani Roberto - - 2010
Tissue engineering is an increasingly expanding area of research in the cardiovascular field that involves engineering, chemistry, biology and medicine. Cardiac tissue engineering (CTE) aims to regenerate myocardial damage by combining cells, matrix, biological active molecules and physiological stimuli. The rationale behind CTE applications is that in order to regenerate ...
Hu Cheng-Heng - - 2010
1. Cell transplantation has promise as a therapeutic option for restoring impaired heart function after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the optimal cell type to use remains controversial. We investigated the therapeutic efficacy and feasibility of intramyocardial transplantation of human umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (hUCB-EPC) in rats with ...
FidziaƄska Anna - - 2010
The etiology of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is not well understood. Potential causal mechanisms include infection, autoimmune disease, and abnormal response to the hemodynamic stress of pregnancy. Recently it was shown that the development of PPCM in an experimental model is associated with the generation of a cleaved antiangiogenic and proapoptotic ...
Iwata Hiroshi - - 2010
Clinical evidence suggests that intracoronary thrombus formation is associated with a high incidence of late restenosis after successful coronary intervention in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). However, little is known about the mechanism by which intracoronary thrombi play pathological roles. We analysed the cellular constituents of 108 thrombi aspirated from ...
Ding Hua-Sheng - - 2010
High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a highly conserved, ubiquitous protein in the nuclei and cytoplasm of almost all cells. After binding to its receptor, HMGB1, which is derived from necrotic cells and activated macrophages/monocytes, functions as a critical mediator of inflammation and promotes tissue repair and regeneration. Many recent ...
Sleep Eduard - - 2010
In mammals, after a myocardial infarction episode, the damaged myocardium is replaced by scar tissue with negligible cardiomyocyte proliferation. Zebrafish, in contrast, display an extensive regenerative capacity, as they are able to restore completely lost cardiac tissue after partial ventricular amputation. Although questions about the early signals that drive the ...
Sun Lan - - 2010
The objective was to perform a meta-analysis of clinical trials that investigated the effects of stem cell therapy on left ventricular remodeling in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Intracoronary injection of stem cells in the acute phase of myocardial infarction has been proposed to replace the cardiomyocytes lost and ...
Naito Atsuhiko T - - 2010
RATIONALE: The number of patients with coronary heart disease, including myocardial infarction, is increasing and novel therapeutic strategy is awaited. Tumor suppressor protein p53 accumulates in the myocardium after myocardial infarction, causes apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, and plays an important role in the progression into heart failure. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the ...
Shibuya Masaki M Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, - - 2010
Cell transplantation therapy for heart failure is hindered by poor differentiation into cardiomyocytes and arrhythmias caused by the poor expression of connexin 43 (Cx43). A new stem cell source for cardiac regeneration is needed. Tongue muscle-derived Sca-1(+) cells (TDSCs) were isolated from normal and green fluorescence protein (GFP)-transgenic mouse tongues ...
Delo Dawn M - - 2011
Ischemic heart disease remains one of the most common causes of mortality in developed countries. Recently, stem cell therapy is being considered for treating ischemic heart diseases. On the other hand, there has been evidence of chondro-osteogenic mass formation after stem cell injection in the heart. In a recent publication, ...
Dobaczewski Marcin M Section of Cardiovascular Sciences, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Myocardial infarction triggers an inflammatory reaction that is involved in cardiac remodeling. Cardiac repair is dependent on regulatory mechanisms that suppress inflammation and prevent excessive matrix degradation. Chemokine induction in the infarcted heart mediates recruitment of leukocyte subsets with distinct properties. We demonstrate that signaling through the CC chemokine receptor ...
Huang Jing J Duke University Medical Center & Health System, DUMC 3701, Durham, NC 27701, - - 2010
Although mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation has been shown to promote cardiac repair in acute myocardial injury in vivo, its overall restorative capacity appears to be restricted mainly because of poor cell viability and low engraftment in the ischemic myocardium. Specific chemokines are upregulated in the infarcted myocardium. However the ...
Zhang Guang-Wei - - 2011
This study investigates the mechanism by which transmyocardial drilling revascularization combined with heparinized basic fibroblast growth factor incorporated degradable stent implantation (TMDRSI) enhanced effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation against acute ischemic myocardial injury. After the mid-third of left anterior descending artery was ligated, miniswine were divided ...
Smart Nicola N Molecular Medicine Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease complicated by coronary artery occlusion causes myocardial infarction (MI), which is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in humans (http://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/resources/atlas/en/index.html). After MI the human heart has an impaired capacity to regenerate and, despite the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease worldwide, there is currently only limited insight ...
Yamagishi S-I - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as myocardial infarction and stroke is a leading cause of death in developed countries. Atherothrombosis, characterized by atherosclerotic lesion disruption with superimposed thrombus formation, is thought to be the major cause of CVD. Although remarkable therapeutic advances in the treatment of atherothrombosis have been made with ...
Vunjak-Novakovic Gordana G Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, - - 2010
Cardiac tissue engineering aims to create functional tissue constructs that can reestablish the structure and function of injured myocardium. Engineered constructs can also serve as high-fidelity models for studies of cardiac development and disease. In a general case, the biological potential of the cell-the actual "tissue engineer"-is mobilized by providing ...
Shrivastava Santwana - - 2010
Hypoxic heart disease is a predominant cause of disability and death worldwide. As adult mammals are incapable of cardiac repair after infarction, the discovery of effective methods to achieve myocardial and vascular regeneration is crucial. Efforts to use stem cells to repopulate damaged tissue are currently limited by technical considerations ...
Tao Ze-wei - - 2010
Therapeutically delivered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) improve ventricular remodeling. However, the mechanism underlying MSC cardiac remodeling has not been clearly determined. Congestive heart failure (CHF) was induced in rats by cauterization of the left ventricular free wall. MSCs were cultured from autologous bone marrow and injected into the border zone ...
Flores-Ram?rez Ramiro - - 2010
AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of the intracoronary infusion of CD133+ hematopoietic stem cells to improve ventricular function and quality of life in candidates for heart transplantation due to post-infarct chronic heart failure. METHODS: We selected seven candidates for heart transplantation (six males/one female, age range 44-65 years) ...
Wang Qinchuan Q Department of Biology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1324, - - 2010
The Xin repeat-containing proteins mXinalpha and mXinbeta localize to the intercalated disc of mouse heart and are implicated in cardiac development and function. The mXinalpha directly interacts with beta-catenin, p120-catenin, and actin filaments. Ablation of mXinalpha results in adult late-onset cardiomyopathy with conduction defects. An upregulation of the mXinbeta in ...
Avery Joan - - 2010
Tribbles (TRB)3 is an intracellular pseudokinase that modulates the activity of several signal transduction cascades. TRB3 has been reported to inhibit the activity of Akt protein kinases. TRB3 gene expression is highly regulated in many cell types, and amino acid starvation, hypoxia, or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress promotes TRB3 expression ...
Gao Zhiguang - - 2010
Defects in cardiac neural crest lead to congenital heart disease through failure of cardiac outflow tract and ventricular septation. In this report, we demonstrate a previously unappreciated role for the transcription factor Ets1 in the regulation of cardiac neural crest development. When bred onto a C57BL/6 genetic background, Ets1(-/-) mice ...
Assmus Birgit - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify an association between the quality and functional activity of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells (BMCs) used for cardiovascular regenerative therapies and contractile recovery in patients with acute myocardial infarction included in the placebo-controlled REPAIR-AMI (Reinfusion of Enriched Progenitor cells And Infarct Remodeling ...
Gyöngyösi Mariann - - 2010
Effects of ischaemic preconditioning (IP) on the mobilisation and recruitment of haematopoietic (HSCs) and mesenchymal stem (MSC) cells were determined in porcine coronary occlusion/reperfusion. Thirty-three pigs underwent percutaneous occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) for 90 minutes (min), followed by 120 min reperfusion. IP was performed in ...
Zhao Zhi-Qing - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study tested the hypothesis that modulation of angiogenesis and cardiac function by injecting small intestine extracellular matrix emulsion (EMU) into myocardium is associated with recruitment of c-kit cells, myofibroblasts, and macrophages after myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Degradation of native extracellular matrix has been associated with adverse cardiac remodeling after ...
Hata Hiroki - - 2010
A persistent problem in generating a functional myocardial patch is maintaining contractions in a thicker construct. Thus far, we have successfully created contracting constructs with a defined directionality by seeding neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) on decellularised porcine small-intestinal submucosa (SIS). Here, we report our efforts in generating a thicker contracting ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >