Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1713
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Isic Azra - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Despite tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has been shown to be a prognostic marker in patients with heart failure and previous preclinical study with TNFalpha-antagonist has been demonstrated to improve cardiac function in acute heart failure, recent clinical trials using TNFalpha-antagonist in patients with chronic severe heart failure have ...
Poornima Indu - - 2008
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) treatment leads to short-term improvements in myocardial function in ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy. It is unknown whether GLP-1 improves survival when administered over a longer time period. Spontaneously hypertensive, heart failure-prone (SHHF) rats progress to advanced heart failure and death over a 15-month period. The authors sought ...
Molina Ezequiel J - - 2009
Heart failure is associated with abnormalities in betaAR cascade regulation, calcium cycling, expression of inflammatory mediators and apoptosis. Adenoviral mediated gene transfer of betaARKct has beneficial indirect effects on these pathologic processes upon the left ventricular myocardium. The concomitant biochemical changes that occur in the right ventricle have not been ...
He Haibo - - 2008
An increased propensity towards cardiac arrhythmias and aggravated heart function is observed in myocardial infarction (MI), the development of which is associated with the calcium handling system in the myocardium. It was hypothesized that the abnormal changes in the MI model may be a consequence of the abnormal expression and ...
Cheng Zhaokang - - 2008
AIMS: Controversy exists regarding the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on post-infarction remodelling, which is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of G-CSF administration on cardiac MMP/TIMP ratios and long-term remodelling in a rat ...
Elmes Matthew J - - 2009
Hypertension is a major risk factor for the development of CVD. Epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight increases the risk of developing hypertension in adulthood. Hypertension increases the risk of suffering IHD and early findings provide evidence that hearts from prenatally protein-restricted, hypertensive, male offspring are more susceptible ...
He Haibo - - 2008
Emerging evidence indicates that angiogenesis may be a potential new target in treating heart failure (HF). It was hypothesized that a lack of angiogenesis would correlate with an abnormal expression of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) and phospholamban (PLB), and the activated endothelin (ET) pathway and oxidative stress in HF. ...
Lin Jeng-Feng - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol, a polyphenol present in grapes and red wine, on ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. After permanent ligation of the left anterior descending artery, surviving rats were randomly allocated to three groups and treated with 1 ...
Vandegriff K D - - 2008
MP4 (Hemospan) is a Hb-based oxygen therapeutic agent, based on polyethylene-glycol (PEG) conjugation to Hb, undergoing clinical trials as an oxygen carrier. This study describes the functional interaction between MP4 and carbon monoxide (CO), as a CO delivery agent, and the effects of CO-MP4 on myocardial infarct size following ischaemia ...
Prince Ponnian Stanely Mainzen - - 2008
Myocardial infarction is the number one killer disease in many parts of the world. The cardioprotective effect of Marutham, a polyherbal formulation on serum and heart tissue lipids, serum lipoproteins and heart membrane bound enzymes in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction was studied in Wistar rats. Pretreatment with Marutham at different ...
Bujak Marcin M Section of Cardiovascular Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2008
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1 signals exclusively through the type I IL-1 receptor (IL-1RI). IL-1 expression is markedly induced in the infarcted heart; however, its role in cardiac injury and repair remains controversial. We examined the effects of disrupted IL-1 signaling on infarct healing and cardiac remodeling using IL-1RI(-/-) mice. ...
Yurtaeva S V - - 2008
The effect of serotonin 5-HT2 receptor blockade on nitric oxide production in rats with myocardial infarction was evaluated by the method of electron paramagnetic resonance. The spectra were recorded in samples of the heart tissue (left and right chambers), liver, and blood. 5-HT2 receptor blockade during myocardial infarction was followed ...
Tylicki A - - 2008
Heart infarction is one of the main causes of death in the human population. Assurance of a sufficient level of bioenergetic processes is very important for the heart after infarction. Mn2+ as well as thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) are positive effectors of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDH) and the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase ...
Cao Feng - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to study the influence of left ventricular myocardial infarction on gap junction protein connexin 40 in the atria, and to observe the intervention function of carvedilol as an adrenergic receptor blocker. Thirty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into three experimental groups: myocardial ...
Mancuso Peter P Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2008
A number of investigators have observed insufficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in patients with congestive heart failure, suggesting a role for vitamin D insufficiency in the pathogenesis of this disorder. We have observed cardiac hypertrophy and collagen accumulation in rats deficient in vitamin D and in the hearts of vitamin D-receptor ...
Zeng Xiaowei - - 2008
AIM: Cardiac infarction is one of the main causes of death in both developing and developed countries over past decades. Currently available approaches for treating patients with this disease are not satisfactory. Traditional Chinese medicines have been increasingly paid attention to. The aim of this study was to characterize the ...
He Haibo - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare the cardioprotective effects of salvianolic acid B (Sal B) and the angiotension-converting enzyme inhibitor, benazepril, in rats with chronic myocardial infarction (MI) that resulted from a coronary artery ligation for 4 weeks. The rats were divided into four groups: those undergoing a ...
Tsukashita Masaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although left ventricular restoration is effective for treating ischemic cardiomyopathy caused by left ventricular remodeling and redilation, the initial improvement in left ventricular function is not always sustained. We have reported that the inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers is effective in ...
Levick Scott P - - 2008
Mast cells have diverse roles throughout the body as evidenced by their heterogeneous nature. In the heart, cardiac mast cells have been implicated in left ventricular (LV) remodeling in response to elevated myocardial stress. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to use mast cell deficient rats (Ws/Ws) to delineate ...
Gaspard Gerard J - - 2008
1. Quantification of fibrosis is a key parameter in the assessment of the severity of cardiovascular disease and efficacy of future candidate therapies. Computer-assisted methods are frequently used to assess cardiac fibrosis in several experimental models. A brief survey indicated that there is a clear dearth of literature outlining detailed ...
Guiraud Annabelle - - 2008
Moderate ethanol drinking (ED) and n-3 fatty acids have both been associated with low cardiac mortality. However, there are few data evaluating the interactions of ED with n-3. We recently reported that moderate ED results in increased n-3 in cardiac patients. The main aim of the present study was, through ...
Yin Hui-Qiu - - 2008
Shu-Mai-Tang (SMT) is a traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of ischemic heart disease. The effect of SMT on inflammation-induced myocardial fibrosis, left ventricular (LV) remodeling, and the potential mechanism in myocardial ischemia (MI) rats were investigated. Rats with ligated left anterior descending coronary artery (MI model) were randomly divided into ...
Jackson P E M - - 2008
Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of death and morbidity. Connexin 43 (Cx43) content is reduced in the failing myocardium, but regulating factors have not been identified. In HF, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-induced high levels of nitric oxide (NO) cause apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction. However, a direct iNOS-Cx43 ...
Drobnik Jacek - - 2008
The regulatory influence of the pineal gland on superficial wound healing and collagen content is documented. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the pineal gland and its secretory product melatonin regulate collagen accumulation in the scar of the infarcted heart and to explain the mechanisms of ...
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel agonists exert a beneficial effect on the structural, functional, and molecular features of the remodeling heart in infarcted rats. BACKGROUND: Myocardial K(ATP) channels have been implicated in the ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction by inhibition of ...
Guo Xiaobing - - 2008
To investigate the mechanisms underlying the depressed sarcolemmal (SL) Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in congestive heart failure (CHF), different isoforms and gene expression of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were examined in the failing left ventricle (LV) at 8 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI). In view of the increased activity of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in CHF, ...
Briet Françoise - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We evaluated the impact of triple nutrient supplementation (TNS: carnitine, taurine and coenzyme Q(10)) vs. carnitine alone (CARN) or placebo on survival, infarct size, cardiac function and metabolic gene expression using a model of myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Wistar rats were randomized ...
Zhou Ru - - 2008
The present study was designed to investigate whether fluvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, would attenuate the acute myocardial infarction in isoproterenol-treated rat model via maintaining activities of endogenous antioxidant enzymes. Hemodynamic and electrocardiograph parameters were monitored and recorded continuously, cardiac marker enzymes and antioxidative parameters of plasma ...
Landa Natali - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Adverse cardiac remodeling and progression of heart failure after myocardial infarction are associated with excessive and continuous damage to the extracellular matrix. We hypothesized that injection of in situ-forming alginate hydrogel into recent and old infarcts would provide a temporary scaffold and attenuate adverse cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. METHODS ...
Zhang San-Yin - - 2008
Puerarin (1) is a major effective ingredient extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Ge-gen (Radix Puerariae, RP). Recently, puerarin has been used to treat patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD). However, the mechanisms of puerarin on CAD are still not very clear. In this study, we investigated the role of ...
Marrus Scott B - - 2008
Ion channels play a central role in the normal electro-mechanical functioning of the heart and are implicated in a variety of disease processes. In response to electrical or mechanical perturbations, cardiac myocytes exhibit remarkable changes in the expression and/or the function of sarcolemmal ion channels, a process that is broadly ...
Li Xingsheng - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of therapeutic angiogenesis in myocardial infarction induced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) mediated by ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups after the models of myocardial infarction were prepared: (1) HGF, ultrasound, and microbubbles ...
Campbell Patrick H - - 2008
Biglycan, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, has been shown to interact with extracellular matrix (ECM) collagen and may influence fibrillogenesis. We hypothesized that biglycan contributes to post-myocardial infarction (MI) scar development and that the absence of biglycan would result in altered scar structure and mechanics. Anterior MI was induced in biglycan ...
Morimoto Tatsuya - - 2008
Hemodynamic overload in the heart can trigger maladaptive hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes. A key signaling event in this process is nuclear acetylation by histone deacetylases and p300, an intrinsic histone acetyltransferase (HAT). It has been previously shown that curcumin, a polyphenol responsible for the yellow color of the spice turmeric, possesses ...
Fraccarollo Daniela D Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2008
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade reduces morbidity and mortality after acute myocardial infarction; however, the underlying mechanisms are still under investigation. This study examined whether MR antagonism promotes healing of the infarcted myocardium. Starting immediately after coronary ligation, male Wistar rats were treated with the selective MR antagonist eplerenone (100 mg/kg ...
Meili-Butz Silvia - - 2008
Persistent Nuclear Factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation is hypothesized to contribute to myocardial injuries following ischemia-reperfusion. Because inhibition or control of NF-kappaB signaling in the heart probably confers cardioprotection, we determined the potency of the NF-kappaB inhibitor dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in cardiovascular cells, and determined whether administration of DMF translates into beneficial ...
Haugen Espen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has been shown to be a prognostic marker in heart failure, but recent clinical trials using TNFalpha antagonists in patients with severe heart failure have been disappointing. Hypertension is one of most common causes to chronic heart failure in humans. HYPOTHESIS: Suppression of a ...
Stones Rachel R Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2008
Mechanical stimulation has important consequences for myocardial function. However, this stimulation and the response to it, is not uniform. The right ventricle is thinner walled and operates at lower pressure than the left ventricle. Within the ventricles, differences in the orientation of myocardial fibres exist. These differences produce inhomogeneity in ...
Der Sarkissian Shant - - 2008
Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has been linked to cardiac dysfunction and hypertension-induced cardiac pathophysiology. In this study, we used a gene overexpression approach to investigate the role of ACE2 in cardiac function and remodeling after myocardial infarction. Rats received an intracardiac injection of 4.5x10(8) lentivirus containing ACE2 cDNA, followed ...
Fukui Shinya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Midkine is expressed in the developing fetus and in adult organs stressed by ischemia, but its physiologic role in ischemic organs is poorly understood. Here we investigated the effect of midkine on cardiac remodeling after ischemia caused by myocardial infarction. METHODS: The expression pattern of the endogenous midkine gene ...
Burchill L - - 2008
Patients with kidney failure are at high risk of a cardiac death and frequently develop left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The mechanisms involved in the cardiac structural changes that occur in kidney failure are yet to be fully delineated. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2 is a newly described enzyme that is expressed ...
Ohno Tomoyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have known that endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) and oxidative stress may play a key role in cardiac performance in failing rat hearts. However, the interactions between eNOS or oxidative stress and bradykinin (BK) under treatment of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) remain unknown. To elucidate the mechanism underlying the ...
Shreesh K. Ojha
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of hydro-alcoholic extract of <i>Tribulus terrestris </i>Linn. (Family; Zygophyllaceae), a traditional medicine used in Indian and Chinese systems of medicine. Wistar male albino rats weighing 150-200 g were randomly divided into three main experimental groups; sham (saline treated only), isoproterenol ...
Armour, Sylvia
It has been found that there are gender differences in the cardiovascular system that result with the male gender being at an advantage after a myocardial infarction (MI) (Norton et al, 2008). In an effort to understand the cause of these differences, researchers have investigated the effects of testosterone on ...
Meng Hua - - 2008
Angelica and ChuanXiong are used to cure ischemic heart disease in China. Previous studies found that these two herbs could increase myocardial blood flow, oxygen-supply and keep myocardial oxygen balance, etc. However, the mechanisms of angiogenic effects of these two herbs are not well-known. The purpose of this study was ...
Ciulla Michele M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow (BM) progenitor cells can target the site of myocardial injury, contributing to tissue repair by neovascolarization and/or by a possible direct paracrine effect on the inflammatory cascade. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are effective in reducing mortality and preventing left ventricular (LV) function deterioration after myocardial infarction. ...
He Haibo - - 2008
The present study was conducted to investigate whether hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) has a protective effect on acute and chronic heart failure (AHF/CHF) induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 3 h and 8 weeks, respectively. The rats were divided into the following groups: sham operation, ...
Cosyns Bernard - - 2008
The role of structural and functional abnormalities of small vessels in diabetes cardiomyopathy remains unclear. Myocardial contrast echocardiography allows the quantification of myocardial blood flow at rest and during dipyridamole infusion. The aim of the study was to determine the myocardial blood flow reserve in normal rats compared with streptozotocin-induced ...
Zhao Xiao-Yan - - 2008
Diminished myocardial sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) activity and upregulated phospholamban (PLB) level during cardiac dysfunction, had been reported in many studies. The current study was designed to examine the effects of rAAV-antisense phospholamban (asPLB) gene transfer on cardiac function, SERCA expression and activity, as well as PLB expression and phosphorylation ...
Sanganalmath Santosh K - - 2008
Antiplatelet agents, sarpogrelate (SAR), a 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist, and cilostazol (CIL), a phosphodiesterase III (PDE-III) inhibitor, are used for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. We tested whether these agents affect cardiac function and subcellular remodelling in congestive heart failure (CHF) induced by myocardial infarction (MI). Three weeks after MI, ...
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