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Results 351 - 400 of 1742
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Singh Gurfateh - - 2009
The present study investigated the possible role of Janus kinase-2 (JAK-2) in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced attenuation of the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Rats were administered L-methionine (1.7 g/kg/day, p.o.) for 4 weeks to produce hyperhomocysteinemia. Isolated Langendorff's perfused normal and hyperhomocysteinemic rat hearts were subjected to global ischemia for 30 ...
Xu Wei - - 2009
Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), a derivative of phenanthrenequinone isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been widely used for treating cardiovascular diseases in China. In the present study, we assessed the effect of Tan IIA on cardiac function, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and angiogenesis on models of myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Christensen Lance P - - 2009
We compared the effects of heart rate reduction (HRR) by the hyperpolarization-activated pacemaker current (I(f)) channel inhibitor ivabradine (MI+Iva) and the beta(1)-blocker atenolol (MI+Aten) on ventricular remodeling and perfusion after myocardial infarction (MI) in middle-aged (12 mo) Sprague-Dawley rats. Mean HRR was virtually identical in the two treated groups (19%). ...
Yuan Yuan - - 2009
To shorten operation time and improve survival rate of rats with myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction, we use a novel device comprised of a face mask and a head/neck retainer in this study. We report the basic design of the novel respiratory face mask (RFM) and evaluate its performance in ...
Ndisang Joseph Fomusi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aldosterone and phospholipase C (PLC) stimulate nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activating-protein (AP-1), causing fibrosis and hypertrophy. Besides harboring binding sites for NF-kappaB and AP-1, heme oxygenase (HO-1) generates cytoprotective products, including bilirubin and ferritin. The multifaceted interaction between HO-1 and aldosterone-PLC profibrotic axis in cardiac hypertrophy of spontaneously hypertensive ...
Iraqi Wafae W CHU de Nancy, Hôpital Jeanne d'Arc, Dommartin-lès-Toul, - - 2009
Aldosterone stimulates cardiac collagen synthesis. Circulating biomarkers of collagen turnover provide a useful tool for the assessment of cardiac remodeling in patients with congestive heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction. In a substudy of the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study ...
Fukui Shigefumi - - 2009
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for heart failure, independent of coronary artery disease or hypertension (HT). Therefore, our study was designed to examine the mechanisms of DM-induced left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. In this study, we made five different 10-week treatment groups of Dahl salt-sensitive rats as ...
Belaidi Elise - - 2009
Our aim was to investigate the involvement of the endothelin (ET) system in the cardiovascular consequences of intermittent hypoxia (IH). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Chronic IH, a major component of OSA, is thought to be responsible for most of the cardiovascular ...
Ganesan Balaraman - - 2009
Cardiovascular diseases are emerging as a major public health problem in most parts of the world even in developing countries still afflicted by infectious diseases, undernutrition, and other illnesses related to poverty. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of betaine, a potent lipotropic molecule, on changes in ...
Castro-Chaves Paulo - - 2009
As recently demonstrated, angiotensin II (Ang II) induces an increase in myocardial distensibility. Although endothelin-1 and the endocardial endothelium (EE) also modulate myocardial diastolic properties, their interaction with Ang II at this level has not yet been investigated. Increasing concentrations of Ang II (from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M) were studied ...
Kang Chih-Sen - - 2009
Although the acute administration of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel agonists provides a neuroprotection, it is unclear whether similar benefits are found by modulating sympathetic innervation in chronic settings after myocardial infarction. We assessed whether K(ATP) channel agonists can attenuate the sprouting of cardiac sympathetic nerves after infarction. Male Wistar rats ...
Roman-Campos D - - 2009
AIMS: Thiamine is an important cofactor present in many biochemical reactions, and its deprivation can lead to heart dysfunction. Little is known about the influence of thiamine deprivation on the electrophysiological behavior of the isolated heart cells and information about thiamine deficiency in heart morphology is controversial. Thus, we decided ...
Ribeiro Daniel A - - 2009
The goal of this study was to investigate whether sub-chronic anti-oxidant treatment with ascorbic acid (Vit C) is able to protect the heart against myocardial infarction. The effects of Vit C treatment on the histopatological changes and immunohistochemistry for p53, COX-2 and iNOS were evaluated in rats submitted to acute ...
Verma Richa R Department of Anesthesiology, Maria Fareri Children's Hospital of Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, - - 2009
Impaired mitochondrial function is a potential cause of sepsis-associated myocardial depression. Cytochrome oxidase (CcOX), the terminal oxidase of the electron transport chain, is inhibited in the septic heart. Caffeine increases CcOX activity by increasing cyclic adenosine monophosphate and protein kinase A activity. We hypothesized that caffeine will restore myocardial CcOX ...
Kanamori Hiromitsu - - 2009
To examine the functional significance and morphological characteristics of starvation-induced autophagy in the adult heart, we made green fluorescent protein-microtubule-associated protein 1-light chain 3 (LC3) transgenic mice starve for up to 3 days. Electron microscopy revealed round, homogenous, electron-dense lipid droplet-like vacuoles that initially appeared in cardiomyocytes as early as ...
Toyota Eiji - - 2009
1. We investigated the effects of treatment of a hydroxyl radical scavenger, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (edaravone), on myocardial dysfunction induced by transient but frequent ischemia in conscious rats. 2. Repetitive ischemia (RI, 40 sec ischemia every 20 min for 72 hrs) was introduced in conscious male Wistar rats. Edaravone (1 mg/kg, i.v., ...
Henderson Kyle K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) often have low serum triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations. In a rodent model of myocardial infarction-induced CHF and low serum T(3), we hypothesized that replacing T(3) to euthyroid levels would improve left ventricular function without producing untoward signs of thyrotoxicosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adult male ...
Zhang Jing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important active protein for the induction of angiogenesis and improvement in cardiac function after myocardial ischemia; however, the lack of a delivery system targeted to the injured myocardium reduces the local therapeutic efficacy of VEGF and increases its possible adverse effects. METHODS ...
Sosnovik David E DE Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., USA. - - 2009
Changes in myocardial microstructure are important components of the tissue response to infarction but are difficult to resolve with current imaging techniques. A novel technique, diffusion spectrum MRI tractography (DSI tractography), was thus used to image myofiber architecture in normal and infarcted myocardium. Unlike diffusion tensor imaging, DSI tractography resolves ...
Ganesan B - - 2010
We investigated the antioxidant preventive effect of betaine on isoprenaline-induced myocardial infarction in male albino rats. Isoprenaline induced myocardial infarction was manifested by a moderate elevation in the levels of diagnostic marker enzymes (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase) and homocysteine in plasma of experimental rats. Significant ...
Goyal Sameer - - 2010
The present study was designed to investigate whether Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala (KAHAW), a preparation of Unani System of Medicine, is able to attenuate the isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial necrosis on the basis of its effects on hemodynamic, antioxidant, histopathological and ultrastructural parameters. Male Wistar albino rats were administered KAHAW ...
Chouabe Christophe - - 2009
Cardiac remodeling was assessed both in the pressure-overloaded left ventricle and in the normotensive right ventricle of hypertensive transgenic rats (mRen2)27 (TGR27). The present study combined histology, electrophysiology, molecular biology and biochemistry techniques. A significant increase in action potential (AP) duration was recorded both in right and left ventricular myocytes ...
Fang Qiujuan - - 2009
Mechanisms responsible for HIV cardiomyopathy are unknown, but may include direct effects of HIV proteins on the heart. Transgenic mice (TG) expressing HIV Tat protein targeted to the myocardium, +/- Tat TG, have revealed anatomical and biochemical defects in the heart. The present studies were conducted to clarify the effect ...
Akinaga Lícia Mioko Yoshizaki - - 2009
To explore the hypothesis that air pollution promotes cardiovascular changes, Swiss mice were continuously exposed, since birth, in two open-top chambers (filtered and nonfiltered for airborne particles <or= 0.3 microm) placed 20 m from a street with heavy traffic in downtown Sao Paulo, twenty-four hours per day for four months. ...
Li Guo Hua - - 2009
Gelsolin, a calcium-regulated actin severing and capping protein, is highly expressed in murine and human hearts after myocardial infarction and is associated with progression of heart failure in humans. The biological role of gelsolin in cardiac remodeling and heart failure progression after injury is not defined. To elucidate the contribution ...
Kłapcińska Barbara - - 2009
Increased oxidative stress resulting from enhanced production of reactive oxygen species and/or inadequate mechanisms of antioxidant defenses has been recognized as an important factor contributing to the initiation and progression of cardiac dysfunction under a wide variety of pathophysiological conditions. The main objective of this study was to examine the ...
Chan L L Y - - 2009
Maternal nutrient restriction (NR) from early to midgestation has marked effects on endocrine sensitivity and organ function of the resulting offspring. We hypothesized that early NR may reset the expression profile of genes central to myocardial energy metabolism, influencing ectopic lipid deposition and cardiac function in the obese adult offspring. ...
Jayachandran K S - - 2009
Altered membrane integrity has been suggested as a major factor in the development of cellular injury during myocardial necrosis. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of diosgenin on lysosomal hydrolases, membrane-bound enzymes, and electrolytes during isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial necrosis in rats. Animals were pretreated with DIOS (80 ...
Radhakrishnan Jeejabai - - 2009
We have previously reported that postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction is accompanied by the release of cytochrome c and caspase-3 activation. We now investigated the role of caspase-3 activation by examining whether such process prompts apoptotic DNA fragmentation, whether caspase-3 inhibition attenuates myocardial dysfunction, and whether myocardial protective effects of sodium-hydrogen exchanger ...
Trescher Karola - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia/reperfusion injury caused by cardioplegic arrest is still a major challenge in patients with reduced left ventricular function. We investigated the effect of chronic versus acute administration of the selective endothelin-A receptor antagonist (ERA) TBC-3214Na during ischemia/reperfusion in failing hearts. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent coronary ligation. Three days ...
Chen Song-Ming - - 2009
Abstract Background: The increased expression of heme oxygenase-1 content, a stress-response protein, directly correlates with the incidence of coronary heart disease. Down-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha activity, a major downstream effector of the signaling pathways activated by hypoxia, increases cell survival after hypoxia. The ubiquitin system, a non-lysosomal pathway of ...
Luedde Mark - - 2009
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and sudden death. Recently, it has been suggested that inefficient energy utilization could be a common molecular pathway of HCM-related mutations. We have previously generated transgenic Sprague-Dawley rats overexpressing a truncated cardiac troponin T (DEL-TNT) molecule, displaying typical features of ...
Koleganova Nadezda - - 2009
In patients with chronic renal failure, the heart undergoes remodeling, characterized by hypertrophy, fibrosis, and capillary/myocyte mismatch. In this study, we observed the effects of the calcimimetic agent R-568 on microvascular disease and interstitial fibrosis of the heart. Three-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to subtotal nephrectomy (SNX) or sham ...
Nandave Mukesh - - 2009
The present study evaluated cardioprotective effect of lyophilized hydroalcoholic extract of Moringa oleifera in the isoproterenol (ISP)-induced model of myocardial infarction. Wistar albino male rats were divided into three groups and orally fed saline once daily alone (sham) or with ISP (ISP control) or ISP with M. oleifera (200 mg/kg), ...
Zeng Xiaowei - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We have used microarray technology to detect the effect of Guanxin No.2 decoction on gene expression in different areas of the myocardial infarcted heart of rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (180-200 g) were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated; coronary artery ligation; and coronary artery ligation plus administration of ...
Mataveli Fabio D'Aguiar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac remodeling is ultimately regulated by components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We investigated the important role that growth factors play in the regulation of ECM remodeling that occurs as a consequence of myocardium damage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats were submitted to the ligation of the left anterior coronary ...
Strijkers Gustav J - - 2009
The cardiac muscle architecture lies at the basis of the mechanical and electrical properties of the heart, and dynamic alterations in fiber structure are known to be of prime importance in healing and remodeling after myocardial infarction. In this study, left ventricular remodeling was characterized using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) ...
Krenek Peter - - 2009
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in heart failure (HF) is complex and remains controversial. We tested the hypothesis that the role of NO in isolated atria and cardiomyocytes is altered in isoproterenol-induced HF. Rats received isoproterenol (ISO, 5 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally) or vehicle for 1 week. Haemodynamic parameters were obtained ...
Timmers Leo - - 2009
Myocardial infarction is commonly complicated by left ventricular remodeling, a process that leads to cardiac dilatation, congestive heart failure and death. The innate immune system plays a pivotal role in the remodeling process via nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation. The NF-kappaB transcription factor family includes several subunits (p50, p52, p65, c-Rel, ...
Hussain R I - - 2009
Muscarinic stimulation increases myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity with no apparent inotropic response in normal rat myocardium. Increased myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity is a molecular mechanism promoting increased contractility in failing cardiac tissue. Thus, muscarinic receptor activation could elicit inotropic responses in ventricular myocardium from rats with heart failure, through increasing phosphorylation of ...
Hu Zhao-Yang - - 2009
1. It has been shown that inhaled isoflurane limits the size of myocardial infarcts. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of emulsified isoflurane on cardiac function and myocardial apoptosis in an ischaemia model of myocardial injury. 2. In the first study, 48 rats were randomly ...
Clements-Jewery Hugh - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The mechanisms responsible for phase 2 (infarct-related) ventricular arrhythmias remain unclear. We have investigated the role of alpha(1) and beta(1) adrenoceptor activation and the interaction of this with infarct neutrophil accumulation, in anaesthetized rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Neutrophil-replete Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8-9 per group) were anaesthetized and ...
Shi Zhen - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the long-term administration of tempol attenuates postinfarct ventricular dysfunction and sympathetic activity in rats. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced by left descending coronary artery ligation. Tempol was orally administered in drinking water (2 mmol/L), which was initiated 4 h after infarction ...
Garjani Alireza - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The rhizomes of Cynodon dactylon are used for the treatment of heart failure in folk medicine. In the present study, we investigated the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of C. dactylon rhizomes on cardiac contractility in normal hearts and on cardiac functions in right-heart failure in rats. METHODS: Right-heart failure ...
Zhao Zhuanyou - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Astragaloside IV (ASI) in Radix Astragali is believed to be the active component in treating heart failure. The present study aims to examine the effects of ASI on cardiovascular parameters in long-term heart failure in rats. METHODS: Using echocardiographic and haemodynamic measurements, we studied the effects of ASI ...
Zheng Qin - - 2009
Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide (FOJ-5) from Radix ophiopogonis has shown anti-myocardial ischemic action in vitro and in vivo in our previous studies. In order to clarify the influence of chemical modifications on the action, a series of sulfated FOJ-5 (FOJ-5-S) with different substitution degrees were prepared and the anti-myocardial ischemic action ...
Chen Song-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The increased expression of heme oxygenase-1 content, a stress-response protein, directly correlates with the incidence of coronary heart disease. Down-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha activity, a major downstream effector of the signaling pathways activated by hypoxia, increases cell survival after hypoxia. The ubiquitin system, a non-lysosomal pathway of protein ...
Yin Huiqiu - - 2009
Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Shu-mai-tang (SMT) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of ischemic heart disease. To better understand the underlying cardioprotection mechanisms of SMT on myocardial ischemia (MI), the effect of SMT on angiogenesis, arteriogenesis and cardiac ...
van den Brom Charissa E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In vitro data suggest that changes in myocardial substrate metabolism may contribute to impaired myocardial function in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). The purpose of the present study was to study in a rat model of early DCM, in vivo changes in myocardial substrate metabolism and their association with myocardial function. ...
Buttros Juliana B - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the present study, we tested whether or not acute antioxidant treatment with vitamin C is able to protect the heart during myocardial infarction. The effects of vitamin C on the autonomic balancing of the heart and on the histopathological and immunohistochemical changes in response to isoproterenol administration (ISO) ...
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