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Results 351 - 400 of 1731
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Roman-Campos D - - 2009
AIMS: Thiamine is an important cofactor present in many biochemical reactions, and its deprivation can lead to heart dysfunction. Little is known about the influence of thiamine deprivation on the electrophysiological behavior of the isolated heart cells and information about thiamine deficiency in heart morphology is controversial. Thus, we decided ...
Ribeiro Daniel A - - 2009
The goal of this study was to investigate whether sub-chronic anti-oxidant treatment with ascorbic acid (Vit C) is able to protect the heart against myocardial infarction. The effects of Vit C treatment on the histopatological changes and immunohistochemistry for p53, COX-2 and iNOS were evaluated in rats submitted to acute ...
Verma Richa R Department of Anesthesiology, Maria Fareri Children's Hospital of Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, - - 2009
Impaired mitochondrial function is a potential cause of sepsis-associated myocardial depression. Cytochrome oxidase (CcOX), the terminal oxidase of the electron transport chain, is inhibited in the septic heart. Caffeine increases CcOX activity by increasing cyclic adenosine monophosphate and protein kinase A activity. We hypothesized that caffeine will restore myocardial CcOX ...
Kanamori Hiromitsu - - 2009
To examine the functional significance and morphological characteristics of starvation-induced autophagy in the adult heart, we made green fluorescent protein-microtubule-associated protein 1-light chain 3 (LC3) transgenic mice starve for up to 3 days. Electron microscopy revealed round, homogenous, electron-dense lipid droplet-like vacuoles that initially appeared in cardiomyocytes as early as ...
Toyota Eiji - - 2009
1. We investigated the effects of treatment of a hydroxyl radical scavenger, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (edaravone), on myocardial dysfunction induced by transient but frequent ischemia in conscious rats. 2. Repetitive ischemia (RI, 40 sec ischemia every 20 min for 72 hrs) was introduced in conscious male Wistar rats. Edaravone (1 mg/kg, i.v., ...
Henderson Kyle K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) often have low serum triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations. In a rodent model of myocardial infarction-induced CHF and low serum T(3), we hypothesized that replacing T(3) to euthyroid levels would improve left ventricular function without producing untoward signs of thyrotoxicosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adult male ...
Zhang Jing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important active protein for the induction of angiogenesis and improvement in cardiac function after myocardial ischemia; however, the lack of a delivery system targeted to the injured myocardium reduces the local therapeutic efficacy of VEGF and increases its possible adverse effects. METHODS ...
Sosnovik David E DE Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., USA. - - 2009
Changes in myocardial microstructure are important components of the tissue response to infarction but are difficult to resolve with current imaging techniques. A novel technique, diffusion spectrum MRI tractography (DSI tractography), was thus used to image myofiber architecture in normal and infarcted myocardium. Unlike diffusion tensor imaging, DSI tractography resolves ...
Ganesan B - - 2010
We investigated the antioxidant preventive effect of betaine on isoprenaline-induced myocardial infarction in male albino rats. Isoprenaline induced myocardial infarction was manifested by a moderate elevation in the levels of diagnostic marker enzymes (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase) and homocysteine in plasma of experimental rats. Significant ...
Goyal Sameer - - 2010
The present study was designed to investigate whether Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala (KAHAW), a preparation of Unani System of Medicine, is able to attenuate the isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial necrosis on the basis of its effects on hemodynamic, antioxidant, histopathological and ultrastructural parameters. Male Wistar albino rats were administered KAHAW ...
Chouabe Christophe - - 2009
Cardiac remodeling was assessed both in the pressure-overloaded left ventricle and in the normotensive right ventricle of hypertensive transgenic rats (mRen2)27 (TGR27). The present study combined histology, electrophysiology, molecular biology and biochemistry techniques. A significant increase in action potential (AP) duration was recorded both in right and left ventricular myocytes ...
Fang Qiujuan - - 2009
Mechanisms responsible for HIV cardiomyopathy are unknown, but may include direct effects of HIV proteins on the heart. Transgenic mice (TG) expressing HIV Tat protein targeted to the myocardium, +/- Tat TG, have revealed anatomical and biochemical defects in the heart. The present studies were conducted to clarify the effect ...
Akinaga Lícia Mioko Yoshizaki - - 2009
To explore the hypothesis that air pollution promotes cardiovascular changes, Swiss mice were continuously exposed, since birth, in two open-top chambers (filtered and nonfiltered for airborne particles <or= 0.3 microm) placed 20 m from a street with heavy traffic in downtown Sao Paulo, twenty-four hours per day for four months. ...
Li Guo Hua - - 2009
Gelsolin, a calcium-regulated actin severing and capping protein, is highly expressed in murine and human hearts after myocardial infarction and is associated with progression of heart failure in humans. The biological role of gelsolin in cardiac remodeling and heart failure progression after injury is not defined. To elucidate the contribution ...
Kłapcińska Barbara - - 2009
Increased oxidative stress resulting from enhanced production of reactive oxygen species and/or inadequate mechanisms of antioxidant defenses has been recognized as an important factor contributing to the initiation and progression of cardiac dysfunction under a wide variety of pathophysiological conditions. The main objective of this study was to examine the ...
Chan L L Y - - 2009
Maternal nutrient restriction (NR) from early to midgestation has marked effects on endocrine sensitivity and organ function of the resulting offspring. We hypothesized that early NR may reset the expression profile of genes central to myocardial energy metabolism, influencing ectopic lipid deposition and cardiac function in the obese adult offspring. ...
Jayachandran K S - - 2009
Altered membrane integrity has been suggested as a major factor in the development of cellular injury during myocardial necrosis. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of diosgenin on lysosomal hydrolases, membrane-bound enzymes, and electrolytes during isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial necrosis in rats. Animals were pretreated with DIOS (80 ...
Radhakrishnan Jeejabai - - 2009
We have previously reported that postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction is accompanied by the release of cytochrome c and caspase-3 activation. We now investigated the role of caspase-3 activation by examining whether such process prompts apoptotic DNA fragmentation, whether caspase-3 inhibition attenuates myocardial dysfunction, and whether myocardial protective effects of sodium-hydrogen exchanger ...
Trescher Karola - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia/reperfusion injury caused by cardioplegic arrest is still a major challenge in patients with reduced left ventricular function. We investigated the effect of chronic versus acute administration of the selective endothelin-A receptor antagonist (ERA) TBC-3214Na during ischemia/reperfusion in failing hearts. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent coronary ligation. Three days ...
Chen Song-Ming - - 2009
Abstract Background: The increased expression of heme oxygenase-1 content, a stress-response protein, directly correlates with the incidence of coronary heart disease. Down-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha activity, a major downstream effector of the signaling pathways activated by hypoxia, increases cell survival after hypoxia. The ubiquitin system, a non-lysosomal pathway of ...
Luedde Mark - - 2009
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and sudden death. Recently, it has been suggested that inefficient energy utilization could be a common molecular pathway of HCM-related mutations. We have previously generated transgenic Sprague-Dawley rats overexpressing a truncated cardiac troponin T (DEL-TNT) molecule, displaying typical features of ...
Koleganova Nadezda - - 2009
In patients with chronic renal failure, the heart undergoes remodeling, characterized by hypertrophy, fibrosis, and capillary/myocyte mismatch. In this study, we observed the effects of the calcimimetic agent R-568 on microvascular disease and interstitial fibrosis of the heart. Three-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to subtotal nephrectomy (SNX) or sham ...
Nandave Mukesh - - 2009
The present study evaluated cardioprotective effect of lyophilized hydroalcoholic extract of Moringa oleifera in the isoproterenol (ISP)-induced model of myocardial infarction. Wistar albino male rats were divided into three groups and orally fed saline once daily alone (sham) or with ISP (ISP control) or ISP with M. oleifera (200 mg/kg), ...
Zeng Xiaowei - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We have used microarray technology to detect the effect of Guanxin No.2 decoction on gene expression in different areas of the myocardial infarcted heart of rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (180-200 g) were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated; coronary artery ligation; and coronary artery ligation plus administration of ...
Mataveli Fabio D'Aguiar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac remodeling is ultimately regulated by components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We investigated the important role that growth factors play in the regulation of ECM remodeling that occurs as a consequence of myocardium damage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats were submitted to the ligation of the left anterior coronary ...
Strijkers Gustav J - - 2009
The cardiac muscle architecture lies at the basis of the mechanical and electrical properties of the heart, and dynamic alterations in fiber structure are known to be of prime importance in healing and remodeling after myocardial infarction. In this study, left ventricular remodeling was characterized using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) ...
Krenek Peter - - 2009
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in heart failure (HF) is complex and remains controversial. We tested the hypothesis that the role of NO in isolated atria and cardiomyocytes is altered in isoproterenol-induced HF. Rats received isoproterenol (ISO, 5 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally) or vehicle for 1 week. Haemodynamic parameters were obtained ...
Timmers Leo - - 2009
Myocardial infarction is commonly complicated by left ventricular remodeling, a process that leads to cardiac dilatation, congestive heart failure and death. The innate immune system plays a pivotal role in the remodeling process via nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation. The NF-kappaB transcription factor family includes several subunits (p50, p52, p65, c-Rel, ...
Hussain R I - - 2009
Muscarinic stimulation increases myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity with no apparent inotropic response in normal rat myocardium. Increased myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity is a molecular mechanism promoting increased contractility in failing cardiac tissue. Thus, muscarinic receptor activation could elicit inotropic responses in ventricular myocardium from rats with heart failure, through increasing phosphorylation of ...
Hu Zhao-Yang - - 2009
1. It has been shown that inhaled isoflurane limits the size of myocardial infarcts. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of emulsified isoflurane on cardiac function and myocardial apoptosis in an ischaemia model of myocardial injury. 2. In the first study, 48 rats were randomly ...
Clements-Jewery Hugh - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The mechanisms responsible for phase 2 (infarct-related) ventricular arrhythmias remain unclear. We have investigated the role of alpha(1) and beta(1) adrenoceptor activation and the interaction of this with infarct neutrophil accumulation, in anaesthetized rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Neutrophil-replete Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8-9 per group) were anaesthetized and ...
Shi Zhen - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the long-term administration of tempol attenuates postinfarct ventricular dysfunction and sympathetic activity in rats. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced by left descending coronary artery ligation. Tempol was orally administered in drinking water (2 mmol/L), which was initiated 4 h after infarction ...
Garjani Alireza - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The rhizomes of Cynodon dactylon are used for the treatment of heart failure in folk medicine. In the present study, we investigated the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of C. dactylon rhizomes on cardiac contractility in normal hearts and on cardiac functions in right-heart failure in rats. METHODS: Right-heart failure ...
Zhao Zhuanyou - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Astragaloside IV (ASI) in Radix Astragali is believed to be the active component in treating heart failure. The present study aims to examine the effects of ASI on cardiovascular parameters in long-term heart failure in rats. METHODS: Using echocardiographic and haemodynamic measurements, we studied the effects of ASI ...
Zheng Qin - - 2009
Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide (FOJ-5) from Radix ophiopogonis has shown anti-myocardial ischemic action in vitro and in vivo in our previous studies. In order to clarify the influence of chemical modifications on the action, a series of sulfated FOJ-5 (FOJ-5-S) with different substitution degrees were prepared and the anti-myocardial ischemic action ...
Chen Song-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The increased expression of heme oxygenase-1 content, a stress-response protein, directly correlates with the incidence of coronary heart disease. Down-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha activity, a major downstream effector of the signaling pathways activated by hypoxia, increases cell survival after hypoxia. The ubiquitin system, a non-lysosomal pathway of protein ...
Yin Huiqiu - - 2009
Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Shu-mai-tang (SMT) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of ischemic heart disease. To better understand the underlying cardioprotection mechanisms of SMT on myocardial ischemia (MI), the effect of SMT on angiogenesis, arteriogenesis and cardiac ...
van den Brom Charissa E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In vitro data suggest that changes in myocardial substrate metabolism may contribute to impaired myocardial function in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). The purpose of the present study was to study in a rat model of early DCM, in vivo changes in myocardial substrate metabolism and their association with myocardial function. ...
Buttros Juliana B - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the present study, we tested whether or not acute antioxidant treatment with vitamin C is able to protect the heart during myocardial infarction. The effects of vitamin C on the autonomic balancing of the heart and on the histopathological and immunohistochemical changes in response to isoproterenol administration (ISO) ...
Xia Yang - - 2009
The left cerebral hemisphere predominance in human focal epilepsy has been observed in a few studies, however, there is no related systematic study in epileptic animal on hemisphere predominance. The main goal of this paper is to observe if the epileptiform discharges (EDs) of Pilocarpine-induced epileptic rats could present difference ...
Villar Ana V - - 2009
TGF-beta1 is involved in cardiac remodeling through an auto/paracrine mechanism. The contribution of TGF-beta1 from plasmatic source to pressure overload myocardial remodeling has not been analyzed. We investigated, in patients with valvular aortic stenosis (AS), and in mice subjected to transverse aortic arch constriction (TAC), whether plasma TGF-beta1 relates with ...
Duarte Daniella R - - 2009
To evaluate the roles of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in the ventricular remodeling that is induced by tobacco smoke exposure after myocardial infarction. After induced myocardial infarction, rats were allocated into two groups: C (control, n=25) and ETS (exposed to tobacco smoke, n=24). After 6 months, survivors were submitted ...
Palpant Nathan J - - 2009
Oxygen metabolism is a strong predictor of the general health and fitness of an organism. In this study, we hypothesized that a divergence in intrinsic aerobic fitness would co-segregate with susceptibility for cardiovascular dysfunction. To test this hypothesis, cardiac function was assessed in rats specifically selected over nineteen generations for ...
Qiu Tong - - 2009
Deaths from microcystin toxication have widely been attributed to hypovolemic shock due to hepatic interstitial hemorrhage, while some recent studies suggest that cardiogenic complication is also involved. So far, information on cardiotoxic effects of MC has been rare and the underlying mechanism is still puzzling. The present study examined toxic ...
Wang Jian - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Mechanical unloading with a left ventricular assist device promotes "reverse remodeling," including restoration of beta-adrenergic receptor signaling and function. We compared the effects of partial unloading and complete unloading on beta-adrenergic responsiveness and gene expressions in failing rat hearts by use of heterotopic heart-lung or heart transplantation models. METHODS: ...
Liu Yun-He - - 2009
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is secreted by activated macrophages. In hypertension, Gal-3 is a marker for hypertrophic hearts prone to develop heart failure. Gal-3 infused in pericardial sac leads to cardiac inflammation, remodeling, and dysfunction. N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP), a naturally occurring tetrapeptide, prevents and reverses inflammation and collagen deposition in the heart in ...
Koneru Srikanth - - 2009
Hypertension, the major risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases, is a result of multiple causes along with excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in imbalance of redox status. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic potential of Adenoviral-Thioredoxin-1 (Adeno-Trx-1) in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) at a dosage of ...
Kim Jong Woo - - 2009
AIMS: We tested the hypothesis that daidzein may reduce myocardial damage by both inhibiting the release of cytokines and limiting the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. MAIN METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, and the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was ligated for 25 min. Twenty-four hours after reperfusion was ...
Zhao Hong-Wei - - 2008
Considerable evidence indicates that apoptosis plays a critical role in acute myocardial infarction. We have previously shown that Guan-Xin-Er-Hao (GXEH), a Chinese medicine formula, attenuates postischemia myocardial apoptosis. The present study was designed to determine the mechanisms by which GXEH exerts its antiapoptotic effect. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized ...
Wakatsuki Shin S Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo, Tokyo, - - 2008
Amplification of inflammatory response in the non-infarct area plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia. Activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is involved in this amplification through a positive feedback loop of pro- inflammatory cytokines. We investigated the efficacy of IKK blockade with IMD-0560, ...
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