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Results 301 - 350 of 1733
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Hong Dongsheng - - 2010
Curcumin has extensive cardioprotective effects against diabetic cardiovascular complications, cardiac hypertrophy and myocardial infarction (MI), but the molecular mechanism behind such cardioprotective effects remains still unclear. To explore the mechanism of MI, a rat model of coronary artery ligation was used to assess the cardioprotective effects of curcumin. Microarray technology ...
Stefanon I - - 2009
Myocardial infarction leads to compensatory ventricular remodeling. Disturbances in myocardial contractility depend on the active transport of Ca2+ and Na+, which are regulated by Na+-K+ ATPase. Inappropriate regulation of Na+-K+ ATPase activity leads to excessive loss of K+ and gain of Na+ by the cell. We determined the participation of ...
Louhelainen M - - 2009
Calcium-sensitizing agents have been shown to improve cardiac function in patients suffering from acute decompensated heart failure, however, their long-term effects on cardiac remodeling and cardiovascular mortality are still largely unknown. In the present study we tested the hypothesis whether OR-1896, an active and long-lasting metabolite of calcium sensitizer levosimendan, ...
Tanaka Komei - - 2009
The effect of carperitide, recombinant human atrial natriuretic peptide, on chronic heart failure (HF) has not been clarified. We investigated the beneficial effects of chronic carperitide treatment in rats with HF after experimental autoimmune myocarditis. A 28-day infusion of carperitide (n = 14) or vehicle (n = 14) was administrated ...
Daicho Takuya - - 2009
The present study was undertaken to explore the possible involvement of alterations in the mitochondrial energy-producing ability in the development of the right ventricular failure in monocrotaline-administered rats. The rats at the 6th week after subcutaneous injection of 60 mg/kg monocrotaline revealed marked myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, that is, severe ...
Balakumar Pitchai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that the cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is suppressed in hyperhomocysteinemic rat hearts. The present study investigated the effect of 2-chloro-N-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA), a selective adenosine-A1 receptor agonist, in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced attenuation of the cardioprotective effect of IPC. METHODS: Rats were administered L-methionine (1.7 g/kg/day po) ...
Zhuang X F - - 2009
In this study, an experimental rat ligated heart model was used to observe the effect of treatment with carvedilol, metoprolol and metoprolol plus a highly selective alpha(1)-adrenergic blocking agent, bunazosin, after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Compared with an untreated MI group, all drug-treated groups demonstrated attenuation of inflammatory mediators, activation ...
Li M J - - 2009
The myocardial extracellular matrix is believed to be central to the remodelling that takes place following myocardial infarction. The contribution of markers of collagen metabolism to this process remains less well understood. The present study examined the contribution of some of the markers of collagen metabolism in cardiac remodelling, as ...
Schlecht-Bauer Déborah - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the short- and long-term cardioprotective effects of darbepoetin-alpha (DA) in a rat myocardial ischemia and reperfusion model and to investigate the signaling pathway through which DA limits cardiomyocytes apoptosis. Rats were subjected to 40 minutes of coronary artery ligation followed by 72 ...
Heather L C LC Cardiac Metabolism Research Group, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2009
Chronic isoproterenol administration produces a rapid, highly reproducible rodent model of cardiac hypertrophy. Yet, despite widespread use of this model, the effects of isoproterenol on in vivo cardiac function and substrate metabolism are unknown. Isoproterenol (5 mg.kg(-1).day(-1)) was infused for 7 days in male Wistar rats (n = 22). In ...
An Jianzhong - - 2009
Previously we showed that Brown Norway (BN/Mcw) rats are more resistant to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury than Dahl S (SS/Mcw) rats due to increased nitric oxide (x NO) generation secondary to increased heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) association with endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3). Here we determined whether increased resistance ...
Kolpakov Mikhail A MA Cardiovascular Research Center and Department of Physiology, Temple University School of Medicine, MRB 801, 3420 N. Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, - - 2009
Most of the available evidence on the role of neutrophils on pathological cardiac remodeling has been pertained after acute myocardial infarction. However, whether neutrophils directly contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling after events other than acute myocardial infarction remains unknown. Here we show that acute eccentric hypertrophy induced by ...
O'Shea Karen M - - 2009
Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil, specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), decreases risk for heart failure and attenuates pathologic cardiac remodeling in response to pressure overload. Dietary supplementation with EPA + DHA may also impact cardiac mitochondrial function and energetics through alteration of membrane phospholipids. ...
Ding Liang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is associated with the development of heart failure after myocardial infarction. Here we investigated whether integrin-linked kinase (ILK) may regulate LV remodeling and function after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adenoviral vector expressing ILK (n=25) or empty adeno-null (n=25) was injected into rat peri-infarct myocardium ...
Korkmaz Sevil - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of the nitric oxide/cGMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase G pathway in myocardial protection and preconditioning has been the object of intensive investigations. The novel soluble guanylate cyclase activator cinaciguat has been reported to elevate intracellular [cGMP] and activate the nitric oxide/cGMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase G pathway in vivo. We investigated ...
Goyal Sameer S Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110029, - - 2009
Telmisartan is a unique angiotensin II receptor blocker with an additional peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) activity. The present study has been designed to investigate whether telmisartan treatment attenuates the development of acute myocardial infarction in isoproterenol-treated rats by restoring hemodynamic, biochemical, histopathological and ultrastructural changes. Isoproterenol-induced cardiotoxicity was evidenced by ...
Tang Junming J Institute of Clinical Medicine, Renmin Hospital, Yunyang Medical College, 442000, Shiyan, Hubei, People's Republic of China. - - 2010
Stromal cell-derived factor 1 alpha (SDF-1) is not only a major chemotactic factor, but also an inducer of angiogenesis. The effects of SDF-1 alpha on the left ventricular remodeling in a rat myocardial infarction (MI) model were analyzed. Myocardial infarction was induced by ligation of the left coronary artery in ...
Mikusová Andrea - - 2009
In the present work, the effect of isoproterenol on the electrical properties of the rat heart and on the cytoarchitecture of the surviving cardiomyocytes was studied. Myocardial remodelling was induced by the daily administration of 5 mg/kg isoproterenol (Iso) for 7 days. Administration resulted in a significant increase (52%) in ...
Vilskersts Reinis - - 2009
PURPOSE: Mildronate and orotic acid act as modulators of energy metabolism and are considered as cardioprotective agents. This study was performed to compare the cardioprotective effects of mildronate, orotic acid and mildronate orotate. METHODS: Male Wistar rats received mildronate, orotic acid or mildronate orotate for 14 days. The isolated rat ...
Yuan Ming-Jie - - 2009
Ghrelin is a newly discovered peptide as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor, and has been demonstrated to exert beneficial effect in the cardiovascular system. In the present study, we investigated whether ghrelin administration could inhibit cardiac neural remodeling and sympathetic hyperinnervation after myocardial infarction. Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Isoda Manabu - - 2010
The micronutrient iron is an essential component that plays a role in many crucial metabolic reactions. The peptide hormone hepcidin is thought to play a central role in iron homeostasis and its expression is induced by iron overloading and inflammation. Recently, hepcidin has been reported to be expressed also in ...
McCurdy Sarah - - 2010
The cardiac interstitium is a unique and adaptable extracellular matrix (ECM) that provides a milieu in which myocytes, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells communicate and function. The composition of the ECM in the heart includes structural proteins such as fibrillar collagens and matricellular proteins that modulate cell:ECM interaction. Secreted Protein Acidic ...
Tanaka Hiroko - - 2009
Torasemide is a long-acting loop diuretic that combines the effects of both furosemide and spironolactone. It has been reported that torasemide but not furosemide might attenuate myocardial remodeling accompanied by left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, nothing is known about the effect of torasemide, long-acting loop diuretic and spironolactone, an aldosterone ...
Fu Y-H - - 2009
In this report, we describe an improved method for the establishment of reproducible congestive heart failure (CHF) in a rat model. The area of myocardial infarction (MI) after ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was quantified. Histological changes, heart function detected by echocardiography and isolated Langendorff perfusion, ...
Hao Yanling - - 2009
Ginkgo biloba extract is an important natural product for treatment of cerebral and cardiovascular diseases, whereas ginkgolide B (GB) is a main component of it. Its effects on ischemic heart and ventricular contractile function in Sprague-Dawley male rats are unclear yet. In the present study, we investigated the function of ...
Lada-Moldovan Laura - - 2009
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of long-term pretreatment with celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, on myocardial infarct size. Celecoxib (3 mg/kg/day i.p; n = 16) or vehicle (DMSO 50%; EtOH 15%; distilled water, n = 16) was administered chronically to male Sprague-Dawley rats through ALZET osmotic pumps for ...
Meng Guoliang - - 2009
Benazepril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, and candesartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker, are common drugs for treating hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the enhanced attenuation of myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) possibly induced by joint treatment with benazepril and candesartan and the possible involvement of transforming growth factor ...
Shamhart Patricia E - - 2010
Cardiac remodeling is accelerated during pathological conditions and several anabolic and catabolic regulators work in concert to repair the myocardium and maintain its functionality. The fibroblasts play a major role in this process via collagen deposition as well as supplying the degradative matrix metalloproteinases. During the more acute responses to ...
Vandeput Fabrice - - 2009
In mouse models of cardiac disease, the type 5 (PDE5)-selective cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitor sildenafil has antihypertrophic and cardioprotective effects attributable to the inhibition of cGMP hydrolysis. To investigate the relevance of these findings to humans, we quantified cGMP-hydrolytic activity and its inhibition by sildenafil in cytosolic and microsomal preparations ...
Mi Ya-Fei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, but current treatment modalities cannot reverse the underlying pathological state of the heart. Gene-based therapies are emerging as promising therapeutic modalities in HF patients. Our previous studies have shown that recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) gene transfer of ...
Hutchinson Kirk R KR Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, - - 2010
Volume overload-induced heart failure results in progressive left ventricular remodeling characterized by chamber dilation, eccentric cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling changes. The ECM matrix scaffold is an important determinant of the structural integrity of the myocardium and actively participates in force transmission across the LV ...
Linz Wolfgang W Therapeutic Department Cardiovascular Diseases, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2009
To investigate the efficacy of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) agonist, AVE8134, in cellular and experimental models of cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. In Sprague Dawley rats with permanent ligation of the left coronary artery (post-MI), AVE8134 was compared to the PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone and in a second study to ...
Vasanthi Hannah R - - 2009
Borreria hispida (BHE), a weed of Rubiaceae family, is being used from time immemorial as an alternative therapy for diabetes. To evaluate the scientific background of using BHE as therapy to reduce cardiovascular risk, a group of rats were given BHE for a period of 30 days, whereas control animals ...
Afanasiev S A - - 2009
Comparative analysis of myocardial changes due to heart remodeling after experimental coronary stenosis and cryodestruction in rats was performed. Similar picture of heart remodeling was observed in all animals on day 45 irrespective of the type of destruction: hypertrophy of intact myocardium of the left ventricle, formation of extensive connective ...
Romero-Perez Diego D Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of novel semiselective matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors (MMPI) to protect myocardial structure-function in the setting of ischemia-reperfusion injury. For this purpose, an isolated rat model of myocardial stunning and infarction was used. Isolated hearts were subjected to 20-30 minutes of global ...
Wu Meiling - - 2009
Cardiac fibroblasts play an important role in myocardial remodeling by proliferating, differentiating, and secreting extracellular matrix proteins. Estrogen has been reported to have a number of cardioprotective properties. However, it is unclear whether estrogen affects cardiac fibroblast differentiation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of ...
Wang Shou-bao - - 2009
The present study was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of salvianolic acid A on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Hemodynamic parameters and lead II electrocardiograph were monitored and recorded continuously. Cardiac marker enzymes and antioxidative parameters in serum and heart tissues were measured. Assay for mitochondrial respiratory function and ...
Murray David B - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of selective endothelin receptor subtype A (ET(A)) endothelin receptor antagonism (ETA) to prevent the acute myocardial remodeling process secondary to volume overload. Left ventricular tissue from sham-operated (Sham) and untreated (Fist), and TBC-3214 (Fist + ETA, 25 mg.kg(-1).day(-1))-treated fistula animals ...
Dobner Stephan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction is a key component of heart failure and it has long been postulated that it may result from increased wall stress. It has recently been suggested that an injectable, non-degradable polymer may limit pathological remodeling in a manner analogous to that of cardiac ...
Wan Ruiqian - - 2010
It has been reported that dietary energy restriction, including intermittent fasting (IF), can protect heart and brain cells against injury and improve functional outcome in animal models of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Here we report that IF improves glycemic control and protects the myocardium against ischemia-induced cell damage and ...
Oudit G Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a monocarboxylase that degrades angiotensin II to angiotensin 1-7, is also the functional receptor for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and is highly expressed in the lungs and heart. Patients with SARS also suffered from cardiac disease including arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death, ...
Singh Gurfateh - - 2009
The present study investigated the possible role of Janus kinase-2 (JAK-2) in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced attenuation of the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Rats were administered L-methionine (1.7 g/kg/day, p.o.) for 4 weeks to produce hyperhomocysteinemia. Isolated Langendorff's perfused normal and hyperhomocysteinemic rat hearts were subjected to global ischemia for 30 ...
Xu Wei - - 2009
Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), a derivative of phenanthrenequinone isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been widely used for treating cardiovascular diseases in China. In the present study, we assessed the effect of Tan IIA on cardiac function, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and angiogenesis on models of myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Christensen Lance P - - 2009
We compared the effects of heart rate reduction (HRR) by the hyperpolarization-activated pacemaker current (I(f)) channel inhibitor ivabradine (MI+Iva) and the beta(1)-blocker atenolol (MI+Aten) on ventricular remodeling and perfusion after myocardial infarction (MI) in middle-aged (12 mo) Sprague-Dawley rats. Mean HRR was virtually identical in the two treated groups (19%). ...
Yuan Yuan - - 2009
To shorten operation time and improve survival rate of rats with myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction, we use a novel device comprised of a face mask and a head/neck retainer in this study. We report the basic design of the novel respiratory face mask (RFM) and evaluate its performance in ...
Ndisang Joseph Fomusi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aldosterone and phospholipase C (PLC) stimulate nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activating-protein (AP-1), causing fibrosis and hypertrophy. Besides harboring binding sites for NF-kappaB and AP-1, heme oxygenase (HO-1) generates cytoprotective products, including bilirubin and ferritin. The multifaceted interaction between HO-1 and aldosterone-PLC profibrotic axis in cardiac hypertrophy of spontaneously hypertensive ...
Iraqi Wafae W CHU de Nancy, Hôpital Jeanne d'Arc, Dommartin-lès-Toul, - - 2009
Aldosterone stimulates cardiac collagen synthesis. Circulating biomarkers of collagen turnover provide a useful tool for the assessment of cardiac remodeling in patients with congestive heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction. In a substudy of the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study ...
Fukui Shigefumi - - 2009
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for heart failure, independent of coronary artery disease or hypertension (HT). Therefore, our study was designed to examine the mechanisms of DM-induced left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. In this study, we made five different 10-week treatment groups of Dahl salt-sensitive rats as ...
Belaidi Elise - - 2009
Our aim was to investigate the involvement of the endothelin (ET) system in the cardiovascular consequences of intermittent hypoxia (IH). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Chronic IH, a major component of OSA, is thought to be responsible for most of the cardiovascular ...
Ganesan Balaraman - - 2009
Cardiovascular diseases are emerging as a major public health problem in most parts of the world even in developing countries still afflicted by infectious diseases, undernutrition, and other illnesses related to poverty. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of betaine, a potent lipotropic molecule, on changes in ...
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