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Results 251 - 300 of 1731
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Zhang Xue-Ya - - 2010
A traditional Chinese medicine, Guan-Xin-Er-Hao (GXEH), is a famous multiple target therapeutic polypharmaceutical. Our aim was to evaluate whether or not oral administration of GXEH has an anti-inflammatory effect associated with blockade of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB), and to investigate the NF-kappaB-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokines expression pathway during acute myocardial infarction ...
Abegunewardene Nico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to explore the effect of transient inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) overexpression via cationic liposome-mediated gene transfer on cardiac function, fibrosis, and microvascular perfusion in a porcine model of chronic ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chronic myocardial ischemia was induced using a minimally invasive model in ...
Zhao Haiping - - 2010
Familial dilated cardiomyopathy (FDCM) is caused by defective genes and specific medicines are not currently available to treat this. Ginsenoside-Rb1 provides cardioprotection in the experimental models of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here we investigate Rb1's effect on DCM in cTnT(R141W) transgenic mouse. The transgene-positive mice aged 2 months were randomized into ...
Tamion Fabienne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The triggers and cellular mechanisms of cardiac dysfunction have not been clearly established during the early period following challenge with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) (<1 h post-LPS). The aim of the study was to evaluate the myocardial depression during early stage of endotoxemia, the relationship between oxidative stress production and cardiac ...
Minicucci Marcos F - - 2010
The role of tissue vitamin-A insufficiency on post-infarction ventricular remodeling is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that cardiac vitamin A insufficiency on post-infarction is associated with adverse myocardial remodeling. After infarction, rats were allocated into two groups: C (controls, n=25); VA (dietary vitamin A restriction, n= 26). After 3 months, ...
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2010
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC) attenuates cardiac sympathetic hyperinnervation through replenishment of glutathione in infarcted rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: After ligation of the coronary artery, male Wistar rats were randomized to either vehicle, NAC, or vitamins C + E groups for 4 weeks. ...
Parisi Antonio - - 2010
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organic compound widely used as solvent in biological studies and as vehicle for drug administration. DMSO has been shown to possess several biological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive effects, and it has been proposed to be therapeutic in several disorders, such as gastrointestinal diseases, rheumatologic ...
Molina E J - - 2010
SERCA2a gene transfer ameliorates heart failure pathologic processes in left ventricular myocardium. We sought to assess the simultaneous molecular changes that occur in the right ventricle. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent aortic banding and were followed by echocardiography for development of heart failure. After a decrease in fractional shortening of 25 % ...
Levchenko Tatyana S - - 2010
ATP cannot be effectively delivered to most tissues including the ischemic myocardium without protection from degradation by plasma endonucleotidases. However, it has been established that ATP can be delivered to various tissues by its encapsulation within liposomal preparations. We describe here, the materials needed and methods used to optimize the ...
Jiang Baohong - - 2010
Infarct-induced left ventricular (LV) remodeling is a deleterious consequence after acute myocardial infarction (MI) which may further advance to congestive heart failure. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies to attenuate the effects of LV remodeling are urgently needed. Salvianolic acid B (SalB) from Salviae mitiorrhizae, which has been widely used in China ...
Heather Lisa C LC Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PT, UK. - - 2010
The chronically infarcted rat heart has multiple defects in metabolism, yet the location of the primary metabolic abnormality arising after myocardial infarction is unknown. Therefore, we investigated cardiac mitochondrial metabolism shortly after infarction. Myocardial infarctions (n = 11) and sham operations (n = 9) were performed on Wistar rats, at ...
Pan Shu-Ming SM Emergency Center, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200092, China (Pan SM, Lin Q, Zhao J); Emergency Department, Zhongshan Hospital,Fudan University,Shanghai 200032,China (Tong CY, Yao CL, Deng - - 2010
Patients with acute chest pain remain a great diagnostic challenge to emergency physicians. Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a recently developed biomarker of transient myocardial ischemia. IMA has already been licensed by the US Food and Drug Administration for diagnosis of suspected myocardial ischemia. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic ...
Hwangbo Seal - - 2010
Stem cell transplantation is expected to have good effects in the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI). We tested the effect of the transplantation of human adipose-derived cells (ASCs) in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with myocardial infarctions. ASCs were isolated from the waste of elective abdominal surgery. The MI model was set ...
Zentilin Lorena - - 2010
Mounting evidence indicates that the function of members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family extends beyond blood vessel formation. Here, we show that the prolonged intramyocardial expression of VEGF-A(165) and VEGF-B(167) on adeno-associated virus-mediated gene delivery determined a marked improvement in cardiac function after myocardial infarction in rats, ...
Andre Lucas - - 2010
RATIONALE: Epidemiologic studies associate atmospheric carbon monoxide (CO) pollution with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and increased cardiac mortality risk. However, there is a lack of data regarding cellular mechanisms in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the chronic effects of environmentally relevant CO levels on cardiac function in a well-standardized healthy animal ...
Penna Claudia - - 2010
Brief periods (a few seconds) of cyclic coronary occlusions applied early in reperfusion induce a cardioprotection against infarct size, called postconditioning (PostC) in which B(2)-bradykinin receptors play a pivotal role. Since angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce degradation of kinins, we studied the effects of PostC on infarct size and postischemic ...
Jankowski Marek - - 2010
While an increasing amount of evidence demonstrates the homeostatic functions of the cardiac oxytocin (OT) system, less is known about the role of this hormone in the injured heart. The current study examined the effect of OT infusion on cell apoptosis, expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and inflammation ...
Chen Chien-Chang - - 2010
Epidemiological studies showed that a lower mortality rate of sudden cardiac death among women than among men may depend on the action of female sex hormones. This study assessed whether 17beta-estradiol exerts anti-arrhythmic effects through enhanced Connexin43 (Cx43) expression after infarction. Two weeks after ovariectomy, female Wistar rats were randomly ...
Zhang Yan - - 2010
In addition to mediating cell-to-cell electrical coupling, gap junctions are important in tissue repair, wound healing, and scar formation. The expression and distribution of connexin43 (Cx43), the major gap junction protein expressed in the heart, are altered substantially after myocardial infarction (MI); however, the effects of Cx43 remodeling on wound ...
Fu Qian - - 2009
This study evaluated the change in regional left ventricular myocardial function in rats following acute occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) by using two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI). Sixty Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups, a myocardial infarction (MI) group, in which 50 rats were ...
Wang Y-L - - 2009
The treatment of end-stage heart failure can include heart transplantation. During this procedure, cardiac lymphatics are disrupted, which has been demonstrated in animal models to alter left ventricular function, and this compromise itself can cause an increase in endothelin-1 and angiotensin II. We undertook a study in rabbits to assess ...
Zhang Lin-Zhong - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Some anaesthetics show cardioprotective properties, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effect of tramadol and the association of the effect with the changes in expression and activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) in acute myocardial infarction ...
Hu Shunying - - 2009
PURPOSE: Irradiation to the heart may lead to late cardiovascular complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adenovirus-mediated delivery of the human hepatocyte growth factor gene could reduce post-irradiation damage of the rat heart and improve heart function. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty rats received single-dose irradiation of ...
Guo Zheng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies indicate that disturbance of respiratory functions during acute myocardial ischemia and infarction was not always parallel with decline of cardiac functions, indicating that some non-hemodynamic mechanism might be underlying the changes in the lungs. METHODS: The current study was designed to investigate the changes in the expression ...
Okazaki Yoshihisa - - 2010
In an earlier study we demonstrated the beneficial effect of direct vagal electrical stimulation on cardiac remodeling and survival. In the study reported here, we attempted to reproduce the effect of vagal enhancement through the administration of an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil. A rat model of heart failure following extensive healed ...
Baker John E - - 2009
To determine the impact of 10 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) or local thorax irradiation, a dose relevant to a radiological terrorist threat, on lipid and liver profile, coronary microvasculature and ventricular function. WAG/RijCmcr rats received 10 Gy TBI followed by bone marrow transplantation, or 10 Gy local thorax irradiation. ...
Sung Ruey-Jen - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of adenovirus-carried VEGF165 transgene at 5 x 10(10) pfu (Ad-VEGF) on vascular formation, cardiac geometry and ventricular function in infarcted hearts of the rat and to explore the mechanism of Ad-VEGF-mediated actions on ventricular function by quantitative proteomic analysis. Seven ...
Yang Jianxiong - - 2010
(2E)-2-{6-[(E)-2-carboxyvinyl]-2,3-dihydroxyphenyl}-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) propenoic acid, a novel compound designated SMND-309, is a new derivate of salvianolic acid B. The present study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective potential of SMND-309 and to elucidate the possible mechanisms on the basis of biochemical, histopathological and immunohistochemical studies in a rat model of acute myocardial ...
Fomovsky Gregory M GM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2010
The mechanical properties of the healing scar are an important determinant of heart function following myocardial infarction. Yet the relationship between scar structure, scar mechanics, and ventricular function remains poorly understood, in part because no published study has tracked all of these factors simultaneously in any animal model. We therefore ...
Li Chuan-Bao - - 2009
Although peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is highly expressed in the heart, the effects of PPARalpha on cardiac remodelling and the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that PPARalpha activator fenofibrate plays a key role in left ventricular hypertrophic remodelling via the formation ...
Kumar Santosh - - 2009
Myocardial fibrosis and oxidative stress accompany a number of cardiac disorders such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, hypertensive heart disease and cardiac failure. Stem bark of Terminalia arjuna has been advocated for cardiac ailments. The present study evaluated the effects of T. arjuna bark extract on myocardial fibrosis and oxidative stress induced ...
Ihm Sang-Hyun - - 2010
Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) play a key role in diabetic myocardial fibrosis, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) activation has been reported to reduce RAGE and CTGF expression. This study investigated the effects of the PPAR-gamma agonist, rosiglitazone, on myocardial expression of ...
James Jeanne J The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, 241 Albert Sabin Way MLC 7020, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, - - 2010
The myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms, alpha- and beta-MHC, are expressed in developmental- and chamber-specific patterns. Healthy human ventricle contains approximately 2-10% alpha-MHC and these levels are reduced even further in the failing ventricle. While down-regulation of alpha-MHC in failing myocardium is considered compensatory, we previously demonstrated that persistent transgenic ...
Dobrucki Lawrence W LW Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8017, - - 2010
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been found to exert favorable effects on angiogenesis in prior animal studies. This study explored the long-term effect of IGF-1 on angiogenesis using microSPECT-CT in infarcted rat hearts after delivering human IGF-1 gene by adeno-associated virus (AAV). Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Rohilla Ankur - - 2010
The present study has been designed to investigate the possible role of protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta) in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced attenuation of cardioprotective potential of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Rats were administered L-methionine (1.7 g/kg/day, p.o.) for 4 weeks to produce hyperhomocysteinemia. Isolated Langendorff perfused normal and hyperhomocysteinemic rat hearts were subjected to ...
Rohilla Ankur - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recently we have demonstrated that the cardioprotective potential of ischemic postconditioning (IPOC) against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial injury was markedly suppressed in hyperhomocysteinemic (Hhcy) rat hearts. The present study investigated the possible role of PKC-delta in Hhcy-induced suppression of myocardial infarct size-limiting effect of IPOC. METHODS: Isolated Langendorff's ...
Ren Z H - - 2010
The root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, has been used effectively for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases for a long time. The mechanisms underlying this therapeutic effect are not, however, fully understood. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) is one of the major active components of this Chinese ...
Tang Junming - - 2009
VEGF is a major inducer of angiogenesis. However, the homing role of VEGF for cardiac stem cells (CSCs) is unclear. In in vitro experiments, CSCs were isolated from the rat hearts, and a cellular migration assay was performed using a 24-well transwell system. VEGF induced CSC migration in a concentration-dependent ...
Takemura Genzou - - 2009
To examine the functional significance and detailed morphological characteristics of starvation-induced autophagy in the adult heart, we starved green fluorescent protein (GFP)-microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) transgenic mice for up to 3 days. Electron microscopy revealed that, after as little as 12 hours of starvation, round and homogenously ...
Louhelainen Marjut - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diabetes increases the risk for fatal myocardial infarction and development of heart failure. Levosimendan, an inodilator acting both via calcium sensitization and opening of ATP-dependent potassium channels, is used intravenously for acute decompensated heart failure. The long-term effects of oral levosimendan on postinfarct heart failure are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: ...
Annapurna Akula - - 2009
Revascularization therapy is the mainstay of treatment in the management of myocardial infarction in normal and diabetic patients. We attempted to evaluate the cardioprotective actions of quercetin and rutin in ischaemia-reperfusion-induced myocardial infarction in both normal and diabetic rats. Myocardial infarct size was measured using the staining agent 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazoliumchloride. Serum ...
Goetzenich Andreas - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Anthracyclines are widely used in oncogenic therapy. Owing to their cardiotoxic side effects, their application is subdued to dose limitations. Many cardioprotective approaches have failed. This study examined the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in the remodeling process of extracellular matrix after treatment with doxorubicin (Adriamycin) as a toehold ...
Tu En-yuan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of tanshinone II A on the cell signal transduction system protein kinase B (Akt) in rats with hypertrophy of the myocardium induced by partial constriction of the thoracic aorta. METHODS: Rat models of myocardial hypertrophy were established by the thoracic aorta partial constriction method. Forty-eight ...
Zannad Faiez - - 2009
The extracellular cardiac matrix (ECCM) plays an important role in the support of myocytes and fibroblasts. ECCM turnover is influenced by ischemia, stretch, inflammation, and neurohormonal mediators. Myocardial fibrosis is the consequence of several pathologic processes mediated by mechanical, neurohormonal, and cytokine factors. It is a major determinant of diastolic ...
Walker Lori A - - 2010
The response of cardiac muscle to an insult such as myocardial infarction includes changes in the expression of numerous signaling proteins and modulation of gene expression, as well as post-translational modifications of existing proteins. Most studies to date have defined these in end-stage cardiac muscle thus obviating consideration of the ...
Gramley Felix - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allografts are known to develop myocardial fibrosis, which may be a cause of progressive cardiac dysfunction. Apart from the renin-angiotensin and transforming growth factor-beta system, hypoxia has been proposed as an important player in the pathogenesis of fibrosis, but its significance remains unclear. This study examines the degree ...
Dahl Christen Peder - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF), but knowledge about the production and role of inflammatory actors remains incomplete. On the basis of its role in vascular inflammation, vascular proliferation, and matrix degradation, we hypothesized a role for the chemokine CXCL16 in the pathogenesis of ...
Miki Takayuki - - 2009
Alteration in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in diabetic hearts and its effect on cytoprotective signaling are unclear. Here, we examine the hypothesis that ER stress in diabetic hearts impairs phospho-glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta-mediated suppression of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, compromising myocardial response to cytoprotective signaling. A rat model ...
Hong Dongsheng - - 2010
Curcumin has extensive cardioprotective effects against diabetic cardiovascular complications, cardiac hypertrophy and myocardial infarction (MI), but the molecular mechanism behind such cardioprotective effects remains still unclear. To explore the mechanism of MI, a rat model of coronary artery ligation was used to assess the cardioprotective effects of curcumin. Microarray technology ...
Stefanon I - - 2009
Myocardial infarction leads to compensatory ventricular remodeling. Disturbances in myocardial contractility depend on the active transport of Ca2+ and Na+, which are regulated by Na+-K+ ATPase. Inappropriate regulation of Na+-K+ ATPase activity leads to excessive loss of K+ and gain of Na+ by the cell. We determined the participation of ...
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