Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1726
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López Begoña - - 2010
Because of its dynamic nature, the composition and structure of the myocardial collagen network can be reversibly modified to adapt to transient cardiac injuries. In response to persistent injury, however, irreversible, maladaptive changes of the network occur leading to fibrosis, mostly characterized by the excessive interstitial and perivascular deposition of ...
Li Libing - - 2010
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), which accumulates in the ischemic myocardium, is responsible for mechanical and metabolic derangements of hearts, and also contributes to the development of ventricular arrhythmias. We examined the effects of pravastatin on the LPC-induced cardiac dysfunction in isolated rat hearts. Rat hearts were randomly divided into four groups. The ...
Wang Haibin - - 2010
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates neoangiogenesis. The sustained release of bFGF by using biomaterials helped to enhance its angiogenic activity in vivo. In this study we investigated the effects of co-injection of bFGF with temperature-responsive chitosan hydrogel on myocardial performance in a rat model of infarction. Myocardial infarction was ...
Sharma Himanshu - - 2011
Apoptosis is a key pathologic feature in myocardial infarction and heart failure. Recent evidence suggests that statins may have beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with heart failure. The present study was planned to investigate the anti-apoptotic potential of rosuvastatin pretreatment in doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. Sixty male Wistar rats were ...
Zhuang Wei - - 2010
Stress effect plays an important role in the development of some myocardial diseases. We hypothesized it was important nosogenesis to myocardial damage and cardiac allograft vasculopathy. The transplanted hearts from Lewis to Wister rats served as allografts and from Lewis to Lewis rats as isografts based Ono's model. The differential ...
Stein Mera M Div. of Heart & Lungs, Dept. of Medical, Physiology, Univ. Medical Ctr. Utrecht, Yalelaan 50, 3584 CM Utrecht, The - - 2010
Myocardial fibrosis increases arrhythmia vulnerability of the diseased heart. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) governs myocardial collagen synthesis. We hypothesized that reducing cardiac fibrosis by chronic RAAS inhibition would result in reduced arrhythmia vulnerability of the senescent mouse heart. Wild-type mice (52 wk old) were treated for 36 wk: 1) untreated ...
Liu Ziyou - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Glutamate metabolism is associated with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, but it is not clear whether glutamate reveals ongoing ischemia (OI). We evaluated whether microdialysis would detect OI induced by coronary artery ligation in a rat cardiac transplantation model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 24 Fischer 344 rats underwent syngeneic heterotopic ...
Li Guilin - - 2010
The restructuring of cardiac innervation after myocardial ischemic injury, which is often associated with an increased sympathoexcitatory reflex characterized by an increase in blood pressure and sympathetic nerve activity. This study observed whether P2X(2/3) receptor in rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) played a role in the increased sympathoexcitatory reflex induced ...
Bao Weike - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) are transcription factors that are regulated by HIF-prolyl 4-hydroxylase(s) in response to changes in oxygen tension. Once activated, HIFs play an important role in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, proliferation, cell survival, inflammation, and energy metabolism. We hypothesized that GSK360A, a novel, orally active HIF-prolyl 4-hydroxylase inhibitor, could ...
Adachi Taichi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs 21-25 nucleotides in length. Recently, we reported that miRNA 208 (miR-208) is produced exclusively in the rat myocardium and that plasma miR-208 is a biomarker of myocardial injury in rats. In the present study, we assessed the hypothesis that plasma concentrations of myocardial-specific ...
Kumaran Kandaswamy Senthil - - 2010
Cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathology of myocardial infarction. The protective effects of caffeic acid on mitochondrial dysfunction in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction were studied in Wistar rats. Rats were pretreated with caffeic acid (15 mg/kg) for 10 days. After the pretreatment period, isoproterenol (100 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected to ...
Jiang Bao Hua - - 2010
Studies have suggested some benefit of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors in congestive heart failure (CHF), although the mechanisms remain uncertain. We hypothesized that statins could improve pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular function in ischemic CHF by reducing lung remodeling. Two weeks after myocardial infarct, rats received atorvastatin (n = 23) or ...
Minami Elina - - 2010
Cardiac plasmin activity is increased following myocardial ischemia. To test the hypothesis that macrophage-derived uPA is a key mediator of repair following myocardial infarction, we performed myocardial infarction on mice with macrophage-specific over-expression of uPA (SR-uPA mice). SR-uPA(+/0) mice and wild-type littermates were sacrificed at 5 days or 4 weeks ...
Fitzpatrick J Raymond JR - - 2010
Microvascular malperfusion after myocardial infarction leads to infarct expansion, adverse remodeling, and functional impairment. Native reparative mechanisms exist but are inadequate to vascularize ischemic myocardium. We hypothesized that a 3-dimensional human fibroblast culture (3DFC) functions as a sustained source of angiogenic cytokines, thereby augmenting native angiogenesis and limiting adverse effects ...
Wang Tian - - 2010
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on myocardial injury and heart function impairment induced by isoproterenol in rats. To induce myocardial ischemia, Sprague-Dawley rats were subcutaneously injected with isoproterenol (20mg/kg). Cardiac marker enzymes and antioxidative parameters in left ventricles were measured. Hemodynamic parameters were ...
Chen Bo-jun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of Tongguan Capsule (TGC) on post-myocardial infarction ventricular remodeling and heart function in rats. METHODS: A rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was established by coronary ligation. Experimental rats were randomized to 4 groups including three model groups (Group A: captopril 5 mg/kg * ...
Ye Yumei - - 2010
PURPOSE: We assessed the effects of TAK-491 (a newly designed potent and selective ARB) alone and in combination with pioglitazone (PIO) on myocardial infarct size (IS). METHODS: Rats received TAK-491 (0.3, 1, 3, or 10 mgkg(-1)d(-1)), PIO (1.0 or 2.5 mgkg(-1)d(-1)), or PIO 2.5 mgkg(-1)d(-1) with TAK-491 (1 or 3 ...
Wang Xiao-dong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of panaxoside Rg1 on the new vessel formation in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) rats. METHODS: The AMI model of male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was established, and rats were randomly divided into the AMI model group, the treatment group of panaxoside Rg1, the placebo ...
Louzada Ruy A N - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration on cardiac function of rats with chronic myocardial infarction through two different protocols: high dose short term and low dose long term protocols. METHODS: Wistar rats were submitted to MI surgery and after ...
Zhang Y - - 2010
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is widely acknowledged to increase the risk of cardiovascular death, which warrants the use of aggressive primary prevention strategies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pretreatment effects of tanshinone IIA (TSN), a traditional Chinese medicine, on myocardial infarct size, apoptosis, inflammation and cardiac ...
Zhao Tieqiang - - 2010
The current study is to determine the regulatory role of VEGF-A in cardiac angiogenesis following myocardial infarction (MI). Cardiac angiogenic response and temporal/spatial expression of VEGF-A/VEGF receptors (VEGFR) were examined at 1, 2, 6, 12 h and 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 14, and 28 days postMI. We found that ...
George Jon C - - 2010
Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury is widely used as an experimental animal model; however, the optimal route of delivery, i.e., subcutaneous (SC) versus intraperitoneal (IP) has not been clarified. We systematically compared changes in cardiac function (echocardiography, Doppler and strain imaging) and exercise capacity induced by ISO via SC versus IP ...
Lu Zhongbing Z Cardiovascular Division, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2010
Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibition has been shown to exert profound beneficial effects in the failing heart, suggesting a significant role for PDE5 in the development of congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that oxidative stress causes increased PDE5 expression in cardiac ...
Goyal Sameer S Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, - - 2010
Telmisartan, an angiotensin II-receptor blocker (ARB), is a partial agonist of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma). We investigated whether telmisartan improved the pathophysiology of myocardial infarction in diabetes partially through the PPAR-gamma pathway by assessing a variety of indices, e.g., hemodynamic, biochemical, histoarchitectural changes, and apoptosis. Diabetes was induced by ...
Bispo-da-Silva Luiz B - - 2010
Cardiac mast cells (MC) are apposed to capillaries within the heart and release renin and proteases capable of metabolizing angiotensins (Ang). Therefore, we hypothesized that mast cell degranulation could alter the rat coronary vascular responsiveness to the arterial delivered Ang I and Ang II, taking into account carboxypeptidase and chymase-1 ...
Rosenberger D D Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, 500 S. Preston St, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA. - - 2011
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing, non-protein amino acid produced in the metabolic pathway of methionine. Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with cerebro- and cardiovascular disease in industrialized countries, mostly resulting from protein rich diet and sedentary life style. Matrix metalloproteinases are involved in cardiac remodeling, leading to degradation of intercellular junctions, cardiac ...
Tsoporis James N - - 2011
S100B, a calcium-binding protein of the EF-hand type exerts both intracellular and extracellular functions. S100B is induced in the myocardium of human subjects and an experimental rat model following myocardial infarction. Forced expression of S100B in neonatal rat myocyte cultures, and high level expression of S100B in transgenic mice hearts ...
Siddiqui Anwar Jewel - - 2010
To investigate whether, in the subacute phase of acute myocardial infarction, in the peri-infarcted area the expressions of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) and angiopoietin (Ang) ligand receptors are depressed, and whether overexpression of these angiogens counteracts a downregulation of myocardial function. Acute myocardial infarction was induced by left ...
Samuel Samson Mathews SM Department of Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030-1110, - - 2010
The present study evaluated the reversal of diabetes-mediated impairment of angiogenesis in a myocardial infarction model of type 1 diabetic rats by intramyocardial administration of an adenoviral vector encoding thioredoxin-1 (Ad.Trx1). Various studies have linked diabetes-mediated impairment of angiogenesis to dysfunctional antioxidant systems in which thioredoxin-1 plays a central role. ...
Marketou Maria - - 2010
The cardioprotective benefits of bradykinin are attributable to activation of its B(2) receptor (B(2)R)-mediated actions and abolished by B(2)R antagonists. The current experiments evaluated the cardioprotective potential of a potent, long-acting B(2)R-selective agonist peptide analogue of bradykinin, the compound NG291. We compared the extent of cardiac tissue damage and remodeling ...
Fan Xiujuan X Center for Cardiovascular Research and Alternative Medicine, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, - - 2011
Intrauterine overnutrition is associated with development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood although the underlying mechanism has not been precisely elucidated. This study evaluated the effects of maternal overnutrition on fetal cardiac morphometry and hypertrophy-related mRNA/protein expression. Multiparous ewes were fed either 150% of National Research Council (NRC) nutrient requirements (overfed ...
Liu X H - - 2010
The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of 4-guanidino-n-butyl syringate (leonurine), a compound in Herba Leonuri (HL) on ischemic rat heart to determine the protective mechanisms associated with ischemic rat hearts. Rat heart ischemia was induced by ligation of the left coronary artery. Creatine kinase (CK) and ...
M?nard S?bastien L - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine in vivo myocardial energy metabolism and function in a nutritional model of type 2 diabetes. Wistar rats rendered insulin-resistant and mildly hyperglycemic, hyperinsulinemic, and hypertriglyceridemic with a high-fructose/high-fat diet over a 6-wk period with injection of a small dose of streptozotocin (HFHFS) ...
Rana Indrajeetsinh - - 2010
Following a myocardial infarction (MI), inflammatory cytokines are elevated in the brain, as well as in plasma, indicating that inflammation is occurring in the brain in addition to the periphery. Microglia are the immune cells in the central nervous system and can produce cytokines when they are activated by an ...
Lord Kevin C - - 2010
Our aim was to test the hypothesis that the repeated, binge administration of methamphetamine would produce oxidative stress in the myocardium leading to structural remodeling and impaired left ventricular function. Echocardiography and Millar pressure-volume catheters were used to monitor left ventricular structure and function in rats subjected to four methamphetamine ...
Qi Min-you - - 2010
AIM: To investigate whether CPU86017, a berberine derivative, attenuates heart failure by blocking calcium influx and exerting its antioxidant activity. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats for 17 d followed by isoproterenol (ISO) (5 mg/kg, sc) treatment for 5 d to reduce cardiac function. The rats were ...
Guo Zheng - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence showed involvement of neural activity in acute myocardial ischaemia but the knowledge about the role in the pathology is still limited. The objective of this study was to examine whether low cervical and upper thoracic epidural anaesthesia could reduce apoptosis of the myocardium induced by 3-h ...
Panicker Seema - - 2010
NFκB is a major transcription factor that controls the expression of various genes. Its activation is a complex process that can be triggered by many agents and one among them is reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of selenium on NFκB activation in ...
Kanashiro-Takeuchi Rosemeire M - - 2010
Whether the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF-1) axis exerts cardioprotective effects remains controversial; and the underlying mechanism(s) for such actions are unclear. Here we tested the hypothesis that growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) directly activates cellular reparative mechanisms within the injured heart, in a GH/IGF-1 independent fashion. After experimental myocardial ...
Montaigne David - - 2010
The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of doxorubicin on left ventricular function and cellular energy state in intact isolated hearts, and, to test whether inhibition of mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation would prevent doxorubicin-induced mitochondrial and myocardial dysfunction. Myocardial contractile performance and mitochondrial respiration were evaluated by left ...
Fang Pei-chun PC Landon Center on Aging, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kan 66160, - - 2010
Although myelin-associated neurite outgrowth disinhibitors have shown promise in restoring motor function after stroke, their interactive effects with motor training have rarely been investigated. The present study examined whether a combinatorial treatment (NEP 1-40+motor rehabilitation) is more effective than either treatment alone in promoting motor recovery after focal ischemic injury. ...
Amino Mari - - 2010
A previous study from our laboratory has shown that a single targeted heavy ion irradiation (THIR; 15 Gy) to rabbit hearts increases connexin43 (Cx43) expression for 2 wk in association with an improvement of conduction, a decrease of the spatial inhomogeneity of repolarization, and a reduction of vulnerability to ventricular ...
Baumann Marcus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It is characterized by multiple left ventricular abnormalities, referred to as 'uraemic cardiomyopathy'. The aim of the study was to investigate uraemic cardiac disease in a mouse model of chronic ...
Kumaran K Senthil - - 2010
Myocardial infarction affects a large population in the world. Lipid peroxide metabolism plays an important role in the pathology of myocardial infarction. This study aims to evaluate the preventive effect of caffeic acid on lipid peroxides, antioxidants, cardiac marker enzymes, and histopathological findings in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial-infarcted male Wistar rats. ...
Bostjancic E - - 2010
MicroRNAs are small regulatory RNA molecules that mediate regulation of gene expression, thus affecting a variety of physiological, developmental and pathological conditions. They are believed to be new promising therapeutic targets. In recent studies two muscle-specific microRNAs were discovered to contribute to heart diseases and development: miR-1 and miR-133, but ...
Zhang Xue-Ya - - 2010
A traditional Chinese medicine, Guan-Xin-Er-Hao (GXEH), is a famous multiple target therapeutic polypharmaceutical. Our aim was to evaluate whether or not oral administration of GXEH has an anti-inflammatory effect associated with blockade of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB), and to investigate the NF-kappaB-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokines expression pathway during acute myocardial infarction ...
Abegunewardene Nico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to explore the effect of transient inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) overexpression via cationic liposome-mediated gene transfer on cardiac function, fibrosis, and microvascular perfusion in a porcine model of chronic ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chronic myocardial ischemia was induced using a minimally invasive model in ...
Zhao Haiping - - 2010
Familial dilated cardiomyopathy (FDCM) is caused by defective genes and specific medicines are not currently available to treat this. Ginsenoside-Rb1 provides cardioprotection in the experimental models of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here we investigate Rb1's effect on DCM in cTnT(R141W) transgenic mouse. The transgene-positive mice aged 2 months were randomized into ...
Tamion Fabienne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The triggers and cellular mechanisms of cardiac dysfunction have not been clearly established during the early period following challenge with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) (<1 h post-LPS). The aim of the study was to evaluate the myocardial depression during early stage of endotoxemia, the relationship between oxidative stress production and cardiac ...
Minicucci Marcos F - - 2010
The role of tissue vitamin-A insufficiency on post-infarction ventricular remodeling is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that cardiac vitamin A insufficiency on post-infarction is associated with adverse myocardial remodeling. After infarction, rats were allocated into two groups: C (controls, n=25); VA (dietary vitamin A restriction, n= 26). After 3 months, ...
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