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Ito Hiroshi - - 2011
In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the immediate therapeutic goal is to establish patency of the infarct-related artery and to achieve optimal myocardial tissue reperfusion. Coronary microvasculatures, however, are often damaged irreversibly due to myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, and flow to the previously ischemic myocardium is markedly reduced, a ...
Leuschner Florian F Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, - - 2010
Monocytes recruited to ischemic myocardium originate from a reservoir in the spleen, and the release from their splenic niche relies on angiotensin (Ang) II signaling. Because monocytes are centrally involved in tissue repair after ischemia, we hypothesized that early angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy impacts healing after myocardial infarction partly ...
Wu Jun - - 2011
Injectable scaffolds made of biodegradable biomaterials can stabilize a myocardial infarct and promote cardiac repair. Here, we describe the synthesis of a new, temperature-sensitive, aliphatic polyester hydrogel (HG) conjugated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and evaluate its effects on cardiac recovery after a myocardial infarction (MI). Seven days after ...
Kamal Fadia Ali - - 2011
Regardless of the origin, injury to the heart can result in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, fibrosis, and cell death. Myocarditis often progresses to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a major cause of heart failure. In our study, we used a rat model of myosin-induced experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM), in which the heart transits from ...
Gu Wei-Liang - - 2010
The effects and mechanism of the extract of Radix Scrophulariae (ERS), a traditional Chinese herb, on experimental ventricular remodeling in rats was studied. Rats were separated randomly into 5 groups: sham, model, captopril (40 mg x kg(-1)) and ERS (8, 16 g x kg(-1)). The experimental ventricular remodeling was induced ...
Li Qing - - 2010
Researchers have used the rat model of myocardial infarction for more than 20 y to successfully mimic the detrimental effects of coronary occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in humans. But researchers have published little about this surgery's intricacies or about the pathological progression of the disease after ...
Mühling Jörg - - 2010
α-Keto acids (α-KAs) are not just metabolic intermediates but are also powerful modulators of different cellular pathways. Here, we tested the hypothesis that α-KA concentrations are regulated by complex II (succinate dehydrogenase=SDH), which represents an intersection between the mitochondrial respiratory chain for which an important function in cardiopulmonary oxygen sensing ...
Boulaksil M - - 2010
Sudden arrhythmogenic cardiac death is a major cause of mortality in patients with congestive heart failure due to adverse electrical remodelling. To establish whether abnormal conduction is responsible for arrhythmogenic remodelling in progressed stages of heart failure, we have monitored functional, structural and electrical remodelling in a murine model of ...
Leopoldo André Soares - - 2010
The mechanisms by which diet-induced obesity cause remodeling and cardiac dysfunction are still unknown. Interstitial collagen and myocardial ultrastructure are important in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, and are essential to the adaptive and maladaptive changes associated with obesity. Thus, the accumulation of collagen and ultrastructural damage may contribute ...
Watson Lewis J LJ Department of Medicine, Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2010
The failing heart is subject to elevated metabolic demands, adverse remodeling, chronic apoptosis, and ventricular dysfunction. The interplay among such pathologic changes is largely unknown. Several laboratories have identified a unique posttranslational modification that may have significant effects on cardiovascular function. The O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) posttranslational modification (O-GlcNAcylation) integrates glucose ...
Liu Yu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that inhibition of NADPH oxidase by apocynin can ameliorate electrical remodeling and exert antiarrhythmogenic effect by up-regulating connexin 43 (Cx43) in rabbits with heart failure (HF). METHODS: HF was induced by volume overload plus pressure overload. Rabbits with HF or sham operation were randomized to orally receive ...
Shen Yi - - 2010
Statins have been shown to downregulate the systemic inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass. However, the role of statins as anti-inflammatory agents in heart tissue remains unknown. The aim of this study was to test whether statin pretreatment attenuates local inflammatory cytokines production in heart and to explore whether the underlying ...
Liu XinHua - - 2010
Leonurine, an alkaloid typically found in Herba leonuri, is known to have both antioxidant and cardioprotective properties. In the present study, we investigated the cardioprotective mechanism of leonurine the in vivo rat model of chronic myocardial ischemia and in vitro H9c2 cardiac myocyte model of oxidative stress. Myocardial ischemia was ...
Rasi Karolina - - 2010
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a major determinant of the structural integrity and functional properties of the myocardium in common pathological conditions, and changes in vasculature contribute to cardiac dysfunction. Collagen (Col) XV is preferentially expressed in the ECM of cardiac muscle and microvessels. We aimed to characterize the ECM, ...
Lee Gi-Ja - - 2011
Mitochondria play critical roles in both the life and the death of cardiac myocytes. Various factors, such as the loss of ATP synthesis and increase of ATP hydrolysis, impairment in ionic homeostasis, formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and release of proapoptotic proteins are related to the generation of irreversible ...
Schelbert Erik B - - 2010
using a resolution 1000-fold higher than prior studies, we studied (1) the degree to which late gadolinium-enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance tracks fibrosis from chronic myocardial infarction and (2) the relationship between intermediate signal intensity and partial volume averaging at distinct "smooth" infarct borders versus disorganized mixtures of fibrosis and ...
Punithavathi V R - - 2010
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathology of myocardial infarction. We evaluated the combined protective effects of quercetin and α-tocopherol on mitochondrial damage and myocardial infarct size in isoproterenol-induced myocardia- infarcted rats. Rats were pretreated with quercetin (10 mg/kg) alone, α-tocopherol (10 mg/kg) alone, and combination of quercetin ...
Yoshida Masaki - - 2010
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in the aging population. LUTS cause profoundly negative impacts on their quality of life. Pathophysiology of LUTS is multifactorial, and recently, bladder ischemia and metabolic syndrome have been suggested as etiological factors. To evaluate chronic hyperlipidemia on bladder function, we examined the functional ...
Zweifel M - - 2010
Myocardial fibrosis contributes to hemodynamic and cardiac functional alterations commonly observed posttransplantation. Cardiac mast cells (MC) have been linked to fibrosis in posttransplantation hearts. Eotaxin, which has been shown to be involved in fibrogenesis, has been demonstrated to be increased in production in cardiac macrophages. The aim of our study ...
Fukushima Kenji - - 2010
Myocardial mitochondria are the primary part of energy production for healthy cardiac contraction. And mitochondrial dysfunction would play an important role in progressive heart failure. In the recent years, myocardial washout of (99m)Tc-sestamibi [((99m)Tc-hexakis-2-methoxy-2-methylpropyl isonitrile (MIBI)] has been introduced to be a potential marker in patients with heart failure. The ...
Zibadi Sherma - - 2010
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is an important predictor of prognosis and mortality of heart failure. Increased left ventricular stiffness can be associated with excessive myocardial fibrosis and increased cross-linked collagen by the enzyme lysyl oxidase (LOX). These cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling processes are affected by T-lymphocyte function and phenotype. ...
Øie Erik - - 2010
Notch signaling is crucial for cell-to-cell interaction during cardiovascular development and may influence differentiation, proliferation, and apoptotic events. We investigated whether Notch signaling is activated during myocardial remodeling in heart failure (HF). Myocardial gene expression and localization of Notch receptors (Notch1-4) and ligands (Jagged1-2, and Delta-like (Dll)-1 and 4) were ...
Kalofoutis Christos - - 2010
It has been previously shown that regulators of physiological growth such as thyroid hormone (TH) can favorably remodel the post ischaemic myocardium. Here, we further explored whether this effect can be preserved in the presence of co-morbidities such as diabetes which accelerates cardiac remodeling and increases mortality after myocardial infarction. ...
Jaiswal Amardeep - - 2010
Both oxidative stress and β-MHC expression are associated with pathological cardiac hypertrophy. β-adrenergic receptor stimulation plays an important role in cardiac hypertrophy. Recent studies have reported a negative interplay between opioid receptors and adrenoceptors in heart. This study investigated the effect of U50,488H (a selective κ-opioid receptor agonist) on myocardial ...
Robich Michael P MP Department of Surgery, Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2010
We investigated time dependence and spatial progression of cardiac function and angiogenesis signaling in a porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia. Yorkshire mini-swine (n = 7/group) were subjected to chronic myocardial ischemia by placing an ameroid constrictor on the left circumflex coronary artery under general anesthesia. Swine were sacrificed after ...
Chen Yong - - 2010
The twisting and untwisting motions of the left ventricle (LV) lead to efficient ejection of blood during systole and filling of the ventricle during diastole. Global LV mechanical performance is dependent on the contractile properties of cardiac myocytes; however, it is not known how changes in contractile protein expression affect ...
Cheah Lih-Tyng - - 2010
A microfluidic device has been developed to maintain viable heart tissue samples in a biomimetic microenvironment. This device allows rat or human heart tissue to be studied under pseudo in vivo conditions. Effluent levels of lactate dehydrogenase and hydrogen peroxide were used as markers of damaged tissue in combination with ...
Yi Xiao Qin - - 2010
Ginseng is the most popular herb used for treatment of ischemic heart diseases in Chinese community; ginsenosides are considered to be the major active ingredients. However, whether ginsenosides can enhance the coronary artery flow of ischemic heart and, if so, by what mechanisms they do this, remains unclear. Isolated rat ...
Yui Joji - - 2011
The aim of this study was to visualize early infarction in the rat brain after ischemia using a translocator protein (TSPO) (18 kDa) PET ligand [(11)C]DAC with ultra-high specific activity (SA) of 3670-4450 GBq/μmol. An infarction model of rat brain was prepared by ischemic surgery and evaluated 2 days after ...
Günther Sophie - - 2010
Altered Ca(2+) homoeostasis accompanies heart failure. As a model of heart failure, transgenic mice (TG) with selective overexpression of calsequestrin (CSQ) in the heart were used. CSQ is the main Ca(2+) binding protein in the lumen of the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum. Overexpression of CSQ leads to hypertrophy, fibrosis, heart failure, ...
Di Filippo Clara - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether an oxygen/ozone (O(2)/O(3)) mixture protects the heart from acute myocardial infarction through local involvement of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subject to 25-min occlusion and 2-h reperfusion of the left descending coronary ...
Neethling William M L - - 2010
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and sepsis-associated cardiac dysfunction. Although initially described solely as a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophage product, evidence exists that cardiac myocytes themselves produce substantial amounts of TNF-α in response to ischemia as well as LPS. The use of ...
Chen Quanhai - - 2010
Following myocardial infarction, the prognosis for females is better than males. Estrogen is thought to be protective, but clinical trials with hormone replacement failed to show protection. Here, we sought to identify novel mechanisms that might explain this sex-based difference. By diverging from the traditional focus on sex hormones, we ...
Zhang Song - - 2010
Angelica sinensis polysaccharides were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR). The major sugar of the polysaccharide was saccharose (18.55%); and the sugar constituted about 83% of the monomer content. Glucose and fructose were found as minor components of the polysaccharides. The FT-IR spectra of ...
Langfort Jozef - - 2010
Fatty acids, which are the major cardiac fuel, are derived from lipid droplets stored in cardiomyocytes, among other sources. The heart expresses hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), which regulates triglycerides (TG) breakdown, and the enzyme is under hormonal control. Evidence obtained from adipose tissue suggests that testosterone regulates HSL activity. To test ...
Patel Vanlata H - - 2010
G-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1, GPER, formerly known as GPR30, is a seven transmembrane domain receptor that mediates rapid estrogen responses in a wide variety of cell types. To date, little is known about the role of GPER during ischaemia/reperfusion injury. In this study, we report both mRNA and protein ...
Zheng Na - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess whether Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) micro-spectroscopy could produce distinct spectral information on protein of old myocardial infarction (OMI) and to set them as molecular markers to diagnose atypical OMI. Paraffin-embedded heart samples were derived from victims dying of OMI. In ...
Bao Weike - - 2010
Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) are transcription factors that are regulated by HIF-prolyl 4-hydroxylases (PHDs) in response to changes in oxygen tension. Once activated, HIFs play an important role in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, proliferation, cell survival, inflammation, and energy metabolism. We hypothesized that GSK360A, a novel orally active HIF-PHD inhibitor, could facilitate ...
Xu Jian-Ping - - 2010
To explore the effects of ghrelin on disturbed myocardial energy metabolism during chronic heart failure (CHF). Rats were subcutaneously injected with isoproterenol (ISO) for 10 days with or without ghrelin for another 10 days. Enzyme immunoassay was to measure ghrelin concentrations. Compared with the control group, ISO-treated rats showed suppressed ...
Lai Hui-Chin - - 2010
Cardiac toxicity remains a serious yet unsolved complication of doxorubicin. This study was designed to examine whether doxycycline, a tetracycline-derived synthetic antibiotic with potential cytoprotective properties, could ameliorate this complication of doxorubicin. Male mice at 4-week of age were administrated with vehicle, doxorubicin (3mg/kg intraperitoneally every other day at 3 ...
Gu Ye - - 2010
To establish a model of coronary thrombotic microembolism in rats, either automicrothrombotic particulates (CM group) or saline control (SHAM group) was injected into temporarily clamped aortas of male Sprague-Dawley rats. After automicrothrombotic particulate injection, serum c-troponin I and von Willebrand factor levels, the no-flow area as evaluated by Thioflavin S, ...
Thomes Paul - - 2010
Fucoidans, sulfated polysaccharides of brown algae, have attracted steady attention in the last few years as readily accessible biopolymers possessing a wide spectrum of biological activities. In this study, cardioprotective activity of fucoidan extracted from Cladosiphon okamuranus was evaluated in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats. Male Wistar albino rats ...
Patel Vaibhav - - 2010
The present study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of melatonin against isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats by studying myocyte injury markers, antioxidant defense system, serum and heart lipid profile, inflammatory markers, electrocardiographic and histopathological changes. Male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups, namely ...
Li Lang - - 2010
Coronary microembolization (CME) is a spontaneous event in patients with ischemic heart disease and a potential iatrogenic complication in patients undergoing coronary interventions. CME induces an obvious inflammatory reaction, characterized by cellular infiltration, particularly of eosinophils, and multifocal microinfarcts. However, little is known on the correlation between pro- and anti-inflammatory ...
Lijnen Paul J - - 2012
Superoxide anion generated by NAD(P)H-oxidase has an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and scavenging superoxide anion can be considered as a reasonable therapeutic strategy. In hypertensive heart diseases there is a mutual reinforcement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and angiotensin II (ANG II). ANG II increases the ...
Gu Xinghua - - 2010
Recombinant human neuregulin-1 (rhNRG-1) improves cardiac function in experimental heart failure models, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. In this study, we evaluated whether rhNRG-1 could improve cardiac function via the cardiac myosin light chain kinase/myosin light chain 2 ventricular (cMLCK/MLC-2v) pathway in rats with myocardial infarction (MI). Rats ...
Wan Fang - - 2010
Myocardial ischemia causes the production of a variety of chemical substances, which act on the cardiac afferent nerve to cause pain. Myocardial damage can affect cardiac vagal afferent activity. Survivors of myocardial infarction are often left with impaired activity of cardiac vagal sensory fibres. The nodose ganglia (NG) are lower ...
Meléndez Giselle C GC Cell Biology and Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2010
Although there is a correlation between hypertension and levels of interleukin (IL) 6, the exact role this cytokine plays in myocardial remodeling is unknown. This is complicated by the variable tissue and circulating levels of IL-6 reported in numerous experimental models of hypertension. Accordingly, we explored the hypothesis that elevated ...
Sands G - - 2011
Cardiac ventricular trabeculae are widely used in the study of cardiac muscle function, primarily because their myocytes are axially-aligned. However, their collagen content has not been rigorously determined. In particular, it is unknown whether the content of collagen differs between specimens originating from the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles ...
Zeng Rui - - 2010
We aimed to clarify the different angiogenesis effects of mini-tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS)/minitryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (TrpRS) in rodent primates with acute myocardial infarction, by delivering small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) systemically in a liposomal formulation. Left coronary artery ligation was used to establish the model of acute myocardial infarction in rats; mini-TyrRS/mini-TrpRS-specific siRNAs ...
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