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Results 101 - 150 of 1731
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Alidoosti Mohammad - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between collateral formation and some environmental factors along with a polymorphism in HIF-1A gene in selected Iranian patients with CAD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with ≥70% narrowing in at least one coronary vessel according to coronary angiography were enrolled. The patients' demographic, clinical and biochemical ...
Simon T - - 2011
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) Q192R polymorphism was recently suggested to determine per se clopidogrel response on major cardiovascular events (MACEs). We assessed the impact of PON1, CYP2C19, and ABCB1 polymorphisms on MACE in clopidogrel-treated acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients (N = 2,210), including those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n = 1,538). ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Recently, there has been a surge of interest on the possible relationship between p53 polymorphism and coronary atherosclerosis. The authors have investigated the possible association of p53 codon 72 polymorphism with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in subjects with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS:: The authors have ...
Moro C - - 2011
Leptin is known to exert cardiodepressive effects and to induce left ventricular (LV) remodelling. Nevertheless, the autocrine and/or paracrine activities of this adipokine in the context of post-infarct dysfunction and remodelling have not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we have investigated the evolution of myocardial leptin expression following myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Wang Xianli - - 2011
HF (heart failure) after MI (myocardial infarction) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has cardioprotective effects. Hence, we aimed to elucidate the potential effects of H2S on HF after MI in rats. The HF model after MI was made ...
Winkler Sebastian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Telemedical approaches targeting cardiac outpatients try to include electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis. Increasing numbers of monitored patients require automated preanalysis of the ECG to prioritize the evaluation for the clinical professional to enable an efficient intervention. METHODS: ECGs were recorded from 60 patients, both with a standard 12-lead ECG and ...
Nakatani Satoshi - - 2011
The left ventricle twists in systole storing potential energy and untwists (recoils) in diastole releasing the energy. Twist aids left ventricular ejection and untwist aids relaxation and ventricular filling. Therefore, rotation and torsion are important in cardiac mechanics. However, the methodology of their investigations is limited to invasive techniques or ...
Arya Arash - - 2011
Role of ECG in Localization of OT-VT. Background: Different kinds of the surface ECG limb electrode positions may affect the limb lead vector and therefore the accuracy of the 12-lead ECG in localization of outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (OTVT). This study was intended to evaluate and compare the accuracy of ...
Sert Ahmet - - 2011
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) account for approximately 3% of all pediatric hospitalizations due to poisoning. TCAs remain a common cause of fatal drug poisoning because of their cardiovascular toxicity as manifested by electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, arrhythmias, and hypotension. We report a 15-year-old girl with junctional escape rhythm and resistant hypotension caused ...
Hu Chuangjia - - 2011
: Cardiac hypertrophy is a risk factor for QT prolongation and cardiac sudden death. In this study, the authors examined the expressional regulation on the rat human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG), which encodes a structural subunit of the rapid component of the delayed rectifier potassium current (IKr), during myocardial hypertrophy using ...
Kim Yun Mi - - 2011
Traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) resulting from blunt chest injury is a very rare event. The mechanisms of traumatic VSD have been of little concern to dateuntil now, but two dominant theories have been described. In one, the rupture occurs due to acute compression of the heart; in the other, ...
Pan Zhenwei - - 2011
Interstitial fibrosis plays a causal role in the development of heart failure after chronic myocardial infarction (MI), and anti-fibrotic therapy represents a promising strategy to mitigate this pathological process. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of long-term administration of scutellarin (Scu) on cardiac interstitial fibrosis of ...
Salvi Vaibhav - - 2011
The investigators analyzed 85133 electrocardiograms (ECGs) recorded in 484 subjects from 5 thorough QT/QTc studies (3 using Holter devices, 2 using 12-lead ECGs) for inadvertent limb lead interchanges using a dedicated quality control process in a central ECG laboratory. Limb lead interchanges were present in 2919 (3.4%) ECGs in 17.9% ...
White Rebekah C - - 2011
A self-touch paradigm is used to create the illusion that one is touching one's own left elbow when one is actually touching the examiner's arm. Our new self-touch illusion is sensitive to the anatomical structure of the body: you can touch your left elbow with your right index finger but ...
Benes Jiri J - - 2011
Chronic volume overload leads to cardiac hypertrophy and later to heart failure (HF), which are both associated with increased risk of cardiac arrhythmias. The goal of this study was to describe changes in myocardial morphology and to characterize arrhythmogenic substrate in rat model of developing HF due to volume overload. ...
Weaver James C - - 2011
Grade 3 ischemia during ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is defined as ST elevation with distortion of the terminal portion of the QRS on electrocardiogram (ECG). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ischemic grade on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging infarct characteristics such as infarct ...
Rüssel Iris K - - 2011
Increased left ventricular (LV) torsion has been observed in patients with manifest familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and is thought to be caused by subendocardial dysfunction. We hypothesize that increased LV torsion is already present in healthy mutation carriers with normal wall thickness. Seventeen carriers with an LV wall thickness <10 ...
McDonough Kathleen H - - 2010
HIV-1 infection has been associated with cardiomyopathy in a subset of patients. In order to determine whether HIV-1 alters myocardial function or the myocardial response to stress, transgenic mice that express the HIV-1 protein Tat were used. Heart function was assessed using the isolated working heart preparation. Response to infection ...
Galasso Gennaro - - 2010
Several studies have shown that muscle mass loss is an important pathogenic issue in heart failure (HF). Atrogin-1 is a F-box protein selectively expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle tissue, which plays a pivotal role in muscle wasting regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of ...
Hwang Hyosook - - 2010
Zoledronate (Zol), one of the class of bisphophonate drugs, is commonly used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis. Treatment of liposomal bisphosphonates has been shown to worsen myocardial infarct repair in an experimental model. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Zol in the repair of chronically infarcted ...
Doroszko Adrian A Department of Pharmacology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, - - 2010
Hypoxia followed by reoxygenation (H-R) observed during perinatal asphyxia is a serious complication with high mortality and morbidity rates that may cause adverse cardiovascular effects in neonates. Our aim was to determine if oxidative stress related to H-R induces peroxynitrite-dependent modifications of the cardiac contractile protein, myosin regulatory light chain ...
McBrien Angela - - 2011
We present a case of tetralogy of Fallot with progressive restriction of the ventricular septal defect (VSD) by tricuspid valve tissue. The report includes echocardiographic and catheter images of this rare complication of tetralogy of Fallot. Restriction of the VSD in tetralogy of Fallot is associated with increased surgical-related mortality.
Chen Yue-Feng YF Cardiovascular Health Research Center, Sanford Research/University of South Dakota, 1100 East 21st Street, Suite 700, Sioux Falls, SD 57105, - - 2011
Previous studies have shown gender differences in left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction. Results are varied, however, and reliable, comprehensive data for changes in cardiac myocyte shape are not available. Young adult female and male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study and randomly assigned to the myocardial infarction and ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2010
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) mediates proapoptotic, profibrotic, and proinflammatory processes in maladaptive conditions. Activation after myocardial infarction may initialize and promote cardiac remodeling. Using a novel positron-emitting ligand, we sought to determine the presence and time course of regional myocardial upregulation of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and ...
Al-Asmi Abdullah - - 2010
Ischemic infarction is a rare cause of acute myelopathy. We report the case of a young woman admitted to Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, who developed extensive spinal cord infarction in the setting of surgical evacuation and packing of liver haematoma and post-operative epidural analgesia. She had no vascular risk ...
Yano Toshiyuki - - 2011
The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that hypertensive hypertrophy is vulnerable to infarction and defective in cytoprotective mechanisms by modification of intracellular signaling and mitochondrial proteins. Myocardial infarction was induced by 20-minute coronary occlusion/reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHR-SPs) and their controls (Wistar-Kyoto rats [WKYs]). ...
Ulasova Elena E UAB Center for Heart Failure Research, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-2180, - - 2011
Volume overload (VO) caused by aortocaval fistula (ACF) is associated with oxidative/inflammatory stress. The resulting inflammation, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation, and collagen degradation is thought to play a pivotal role in left ventricular (LV) dilatation and failure. Since mitochondria are also targets for inflammation and oxidative stress, we hypothesized that ...
Bauersachs Johann - - 2010
Interstitial and perivascular fibrosis is a hallmark of adverse cardiac remodeling in response to stress such as hypertension, valve disease, or myocardial infarction. The cross talk between fibroblasts and cardiomyocytes seems to be a major determinant of the hypertrophic response, and fibroblasts may prove to be essential regulators of cardiac ...
Zhao Yu Xia - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that overexpression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) may favorably affect left ventricular (LV) remodeling and function after myocardial infarction (MI). The left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated to produce anterior MI in 100 Wistar-Kyoto rats that were randomly divided ...
Xu Qiang - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Recent studies of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a highly conserved sensor of cellular energy status, suggest that there might be therapeutic value in targeting the AMPK signaling pathway. AMPK is found in most mammalian tissues, including those of the cardiovascular system. ...
Xenocostas Anargyros - - 2010
We recently demonstrated that transfusion of anemic animals up to 100 g/L hemoglobin with fresh blood protects the heart from ischemic injuries following myocardial infarction. Erythropoietin has cardioprotective effects independent of its erythropoietic activity. The objective of this study was to compare the cardioprotective effects of erythropoietin treatment to fresh-blood ...
Hiesinger William W Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2010
Stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α is a potent endogenous endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) chemokine and key angiogenic precursor. Recombinant SDF-1α has been demonstrated to improve neovasculogenesis and cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) but SDF-1α is a bulky protein with a short half-life. Small peptide analogs might provide translational advantages, including ...
Freire Cristiana M M - - 2011
The role of retinoic acid in promoting postnatal heart alterations is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the cardiac alterations caused by all-trans- retinoic acid (ATRA) in normal adult rat hearts are physiologic or pathologic and if these alterations are dose-dependent. Rats were allocated into ...
Zeng Rui - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of mini-tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase/mini-tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (mini-TyrRS/mini-TrpRS) on ischemic angiogenesis in rats with acute myocardial infarction and proliferation, migration, potential signaling pathways of rat coronary venular endothelial cells (RCVECs). The effects of mini-TyrRS/mini-TrpRS on RCVECs proliferation were evaluated using the MTT colorimetric ...
Wei Liu - - 2011
Cardiac fibrosis is defined as a progressive accumulation of fibrillar extracellular matrix (ECM) in the myocardium. The regulation of extracellular matrix remodeling is primarily mediated by cardiac fibroblasts (CF). Evidences suggest that various T lymphocyte phenotypes differentially affect organ fibrosis through modulating CF collagen and MMP/TIMP gene expression, MMP activity ...
Ceconi Claudio - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic heart rate (HR) reduction with the hyperpolarization-activated current inhibitor ivabradine on the global phenotype of left ventricular (LV) remodeling in a ligated rat model. Seven days after coronary artery ligation, Wistar rats received ivabradine (10 mg · kg(-1) ...
Ito Hiroshi - - 2011
In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the immediate therapeutic goal is to establish patency of the infarct-related artery and to achieve optimal myocardial tissue reperfusion. Coronary microvasculatures, however, are often damaged irreversibly due to myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, and flow to the previously ischemic myocardium is markedly reduced, a ...
Leuschner Florian F Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, - - 2010
Monocytes recruited to ischemic myocardium originate from a reservoir in the spleen, and the release from their splenic niche relies on angiotensin (Ang) II signaling. Because monocytes are centrally involved in tissue repair after ischemia, we hypothesized that early angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy impacts healing after myocardial infarction partly ...
Wu Jun - - 2011
Injectable scaffolds made of biodegradable biomaterials can stabilize a myocardial infarct and promote cardiac repair. Here, we describe the synthesis of a new, temperature-sensitive, aliphatic polyester hydrogel (HG) conjugated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and evaluate its effects on cardiac recovery after a myocardial infarction (MI). Seven days after ...
Kamal Fadia Ali - - 2011
Regardless of the origin, injury to the heart can result in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, fibrosis, and cell death. Myocarditis often progresses to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a major cause of heart failure. In our study, we used a rat model of myosin-induced experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM), in which the heart transits from ...
Gu Wei-Liang - - 2010
The effects and mechanism of the extract of Radix Scrophulariae (ERS), a traditional Chinese herb, on experimental ventricular remodeling in rats was studied. Rats were separated randomly into 5 groups: sham, model, captopril (40 mg x kg(-1)) and ERS (8, 16 g x kg(-1)). The experimental ventricular remodeling was induced ...
Li Qing - - 2010
Researchers have used the rat model of myocardial infarction for more than 20 y to successfully mimic the detrimental effects of coronary occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in humans. But researchers have published little about this surgery's intricacies or about the pathological progression of the disease after ...
Mühling Jörg - - 2010
α-Keto acids (α-KAs) are not just metabolic intermediates but are also powerful modulators of different cellular pathways. Here, we tested the hypothesis that α-KA concentrations are regulated by complex II (succinate dehydrogenase=SDH), which represents an intersection between the mitochondrial respiratory chain for which an important function in cardiopulmonary oxygen sensing ...
Boulaksil M - - 2010
Sudden arrhythmogenic cardiac death is a major cause of mortality in patients with congestive heart failure due to adverse electrical remodelling. To establish whether abnormal conduction is responsible for arrhythmogenic remodelling in progressed stages of heart failure, we have monitored functional, structural and electrical remodelling in a murine model of ...
Leopoldo André Soares - - 2010
The mechanisms by which diet-induced obesity cause remodeling and cardiac dysfunction are still unknown. Interstitial collagen and myocardial ultrastructure are important in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, and are essential to the adaptive and maladaptive changes associated with obesity. Thus, the accumulation of collagen and ultrastructural damage may contribute ...
Watson Lewis J LJ Department of Medicine, Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2010
The failing heart is subject to elevated metabolic demands, adverse remodeling, chronic apoptosis, and ventricular dysfunction. The interplay among such pathologic changes is largely unknown. Several laboratories have identified a unique posttranslational modification that may have significant effects on cardiovascular function. The O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) posttranslational modification (O-GlcNAcylation) integrates glucose ...
Liu Yu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that inhibition of NADPH oxidase by apocynin can ameliorate electrical remodeling and exert antiarrhythmogenic effect by up-regulating connexin 43 (Cx43) in rabbits with heart failure (HF). METHODS: HF was induced by volume overload plus pressure overload. Rabbits with HF or sham operation were randomized to orally receive ...
Shen Yi - - 2010
Statins have been shown to downregulate the systemic inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass. However, the role of statins as anti-inflammatory agents in heart tissue remains unknown. The aim of this study was to test whether statin pretreatment attenuates local inflammatory cytokines production in heart and to explore whether the underlying ...
Liu XinHua - - 2010
Leonurine, an alkaloid typically found in Herba leonuri, is known to have both antioxidant and cardioprotective properties. In the present study, we investigated the cardioprotective mechanism of leonurine the in vivo rat model of chronic myocardial ischemia and in vitro H9c2 cardiac myocyte model of oxidative stress. Myocardial ischemia was ...
Rasi Karolina - - 2010
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a major determinant of the structural integrity and functional properties of the myocardium in common pathological conditions, and changes in vasculature contribute to cardiac dysfunction. Collagen (Col) XV is preferentially expressed in the ECM of cardiac muscle and microvessels. We aimed to characterize the ECM, ...
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