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Results 451 - 500 of 1748
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Zeng Xiaowei - - 2008
AIM: Cardiac infarction is one of the main causes of death in both developing and developed countries over past decades. Currently available approaches for treating patients with this disease are not satisfactory. Traditional Chinese medicines have been increasingly paid attention to. The aim of this study was to characterize the ...
He Haibo - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare the cardioprotective effects of salvianolic acid B (Sal B) and the angiotension-converting enzyme inhibitor, benazepril, in rats with chronic myocardial infarction (MI) that resulted from a coronary artery ligation for 4 weeks. The rats were divided into four groups: those undergoing a ...
Tsukashita Masaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although left ventricular restoration is effective for treating ischemic cardiomyopathy caused by left ventricular remodeling and redilation, the initial improvement in left ventricular function is not always sustained. We have reported that the inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers is effective in ...
Levick Scott P SP Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, - - 2008
Mast cells have diverse roles throughout the body as evidenced by their heterogeneous nature. In the heart, cardiac mast cells have been implicated in left ventricular (LV) remodeling in response to elevated myocardial stress. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to use mast cell deficient rats (Ws/Ws) to delineate ...
Gaspard Gerard J - - 2008
1. Quantification of fibrosis is a key parameter in the assessment of the severity of cardiovascular disease and efficacy of future candidate therapies. Computer-assisted methods are frequently used to assess cardiac fibrosis in several experimental models. A brief survey indicated that there is a clear dearth of literature outlining detailed ...
Guiraud Annabelle - - 2008
Moderate ethanol drinking (ED) and n-3 fatty acids have both been associated with low cardiac mortality. However, there are few data evaluating the interactions of ED with n-3. We recently reported that moderate ED results in increased n-3 in cardiac patients. The main aim of the present study was, through ...
Yin Hui-Qiu - - 2008
Shu-Mai-Tang (SMT) is a traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of ischemic heart disease. The effect of SMT on inflammation-induced myocardial fibrosis, left ventricular (LV) remodeling, and the potential mechanism in myocardial ischemia (MI) rats were investigated. Rats with ligated left anterior descending coronary artery (MI model) were randomly divided into ...
Jackson P E M - - 2008
Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of death and morbidity. Connexin 43 (Cx43) content is reduced in the failing myocardium, but regulating factors have not been identified. In HF, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-induced high levels of nitric oxide (NO) cause apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction. However, a direct iNOS-Cx43 ...
Drobnik Jacek - - 2008
The regulatory influence of the pineal gland on superficial wound healing and collagen content is documented. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the pineal gland and its secretory product melatonin regulate collagen accumulation in the scar of the infarcted heart and to explain the mechanisms of ...
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel agonists exert a beneficial effect on the structural, functional, and molecular features of the remodeling heart in infarcted rats. BACKGROUND: Myocardial K(ATP) channels have been implicated in the ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction by inhibition of ...
Guo Xiaobing - - 2008
To investigate the mechanisms underlying the depressed sarcolemmal (SL) Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in congestive heart failure (CHF), different isoforms and gene expression of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were examined in the failing left ventricle (LV) at 8 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI). In view of the increased activity of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in CHF, ...
Briet Françoise - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We evaluated the impact of triple nutrient supplementation (TNS: carnitine, taurine and coenzyme Q(10)) vs. carnitine alone (CARN) or placebo on survival, infarct size, cardiac function and metabolic gene expression using a model of myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Wistar rats were randomized ...
Zhou Ru - - 2008
The present study was designed to investigate whether fluvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, would attenuate the acute myocardial infarction in isoproterenol-treated rat model via maintaining activities of endogenous antioxidant enzymes. Hemodynamic and electrocardiograph parameters were monitored and recorded continuously, cardiac marker enzymes and antioxidative parameters of plasma ...
Landa Natali - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Adverse cardiac remodeling and progression of heart failure after myocardial infarction are associated with excessive and continuous damage to the extracellular matrix. We hypothesized that injection of in situ-forming alginate hydrogel into recent and old infarcts would provide a temporary scaffold and attenuate adverse cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. METHODS ...
Zhang San-Yin - - 2008
Puerarin (1) is a major effective ingredient extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Ge-gen (Radix Puerariae, RP). Recently, puerarin has been used to treat patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD). However, the mechanisms of puerarin on CAD are still not very clear. In this study, we investigated the role of ...
Marrus Scott B - - 2008
Ion channels play a central role in the normal electro-mechanical functioning of the heart and are implicated in a variety of disease processes. In response to electrical or mechanical perturbations, cardiac myocytes exhibit remarkable changes in the expression and/or the function of sarcolemmal ion channels, a process that is broadly ...
Li Xingsheng - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of therapeutic angiogenesis in myocardial infarction induced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) mediated by ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups after the models of myocardial infarction were prepared: (1) HGF, ultrasound, and microbubbles ...
Morimoto Tatsuya - - 2008
Hemodynamic overload in the heart can trigger maladaptive hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes. A key signaling event in this process is nuclear acetylation by histone deacetylases and p300, an intrinsic histone acetyltransferase (HAT). It has been previously shown that curcumin, a polyphenol responsible for the yellow color of the spice turmeric, possesses ...
Campbell Patrick H PH Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0412, - - 2008
Biglycan, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, has been shown to interact with extracellular matrix (ECM) collagen and may influence fibrillogenesis. We hypothesized that biglycan contributes to post-myocardial infarction (MI) scar development and that the absence of biglycan would result in altered scar structure and mechanics. Anterior MI was induced in biglycan ...
Fraccarollo Daniela D Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2008
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade reduces morbidity and mortality after acute myocardial infarction; however, the underlying mechanisms are still under investigation. This study examined whether MR antagonism promotes healing of the infarcted myocardium. Starting immediately after coronary ligation, male Wistar rats were treated with the selective MR antagonist eplerenone (100 mg/kg ...
Meili-Butz Silvia - - 2008
Persistent Nuclear Factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation is hypothesized to contribute to myocardial injuries following ischemia-reperfusion. Because inhibition or control of NF-kappaB signaling in the heart probably confers cardioprotection, we determined the potency of the NF-kappaB inhibitor dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in cardiovascular cells, and determined whether administration of DMF translates into beneficial ...
Haugen Espen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has been shown to be a prognostic marker in heart failure, but recent clinical trials using TNFalpha antagonists in patients with severe heart failure have been disappointing. Hypertension is one of most common causes to chronic heart failure in humans. HYPOTHESIS: Suppression of a ...
Stones Rachel R Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2008
Mechanical stimulation has important consequences for myocardial function. However, this stimulation and the response to it, is not uniform. The right ventricle is thinner walled and operates at lower pressure than the left ventricle. Within the ventricles, differences in the orientation of myocardial fibres exist. These differences produce inhomogeneity in ...
Der Sarkissian Shant - - 2008
Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has been linked to cardiac dysfunction and hypertension-induced cardiac pathophysiology. In this study, we used a gene overexpression approach to investigate the role of ACE2 in cardiac function and remodeling after myocardial infarction. Rats received an intracardiac injection of 4.5x10(8) lentivirus containing ACE2 cDNA, followed ...
Fukui Shinya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Midkine is expressed in the developing fetus and in adult organs stressed by ischemia, but its physiologic role in ischemic organs is poorly understood. Here we investigated the effect of midkine on cardiac remodeling after ischemia caused by myocardial infarction. METHODS: The expression pattern of the endogenous midkine gene ...
Burchill L - - 2008
Patients with kidney failure are at high risk of a cardiac death and frequently develop left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The mechanisms involved in the cardiac structural changes that occur in kidney failure are yet to be fully delineated. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2 is a newly described enzyme that is expressed ...
Ohno Tomoyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have known that endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) and oxidative stress may play a key role in cardiac performance in failing rat hearts. However, the interactions between eNOS or oxidative stress and bradykinin (BK) under treatment of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) remain unknown. To elucidate the mechanism underlying the ...
Shreesh K. Ojha
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of hydro-alcoholic extract of <i>Tribulus terrestris </i>Linn. (Family; Zygophyllaceae), a traditional medicine used in Indian and Chinese systems of medicine. Wistar male albino rats weighing 150-200 g were randomly divided into three main experimental groups; sham (saline treated only), isoproterenol ...
Armour, Sylvia
It has been found that there are gender differences in the cardiovascular system that result with the male gender being at an advantage after a myocardial infarction (MI) (Norton et al, 2008). In an effort to understand the cause of these differences, researchers have investigated the effects of testosterone on ...
Meng Hua - - 2008
Angelica and ChuanXiong are used to cure ischemic heart disease in China. Previous studies found that these two herbs could increase myocardial blood flow, oxygen-supply and keep myocardial oxygen balance, etc. However, the mechanisms of angiogenic effects of these two herbs are not well-known. The purpose of this study was ...
Ciulla Michele M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow (BM) progenitor cells can target the site of myocardial injury, contributing to tissue repair by neovascolarization and/or by a possible direct paracrine effect on the inflammatory cascade. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are effective in reducing mortality and preventing left ventricular (LV) function deterioration after myocardial infarction. ...
He Haibo - - 2008
The present study was conducted to investigate whether hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) has a protective effect on acute and chronic heart failure (AHF/CHF) induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 3 h and 8 weeks, respectively. The rats were divided into the following groups: sham operation, ...
Cosyns Bernard - - 2008
The role of structural and functional abnormalities of small vessels in diabetes cardiomyopathy remains unclear. Myocardial contrast echocardiography allows the quantification of myocardial blood flow at rest and during dipyridamole infusion. The aim of the study was to determine the myocardial blood flow reserve in normal rats compared with streptozotocin-induced ...
Zhao Xiao-Yan - - 2008
Diminished myocardial sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) activity and upregulated phospholamban (PLB) level during cardiac dysfunction, had been reported in many studies. The current study was designed to examine the effects of rAAV-antisense phospholamban (asPLB) gene transfer on cardiac function, SERCA expression and activity, as well as PLB expression and phosphorylation ...
Sanganalmath Santosh K - - 2008
Antiplatelet agents, sarpogrelate (SAR), a 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist, and cilostazol (CIL), a phosphodiesterase III (PDE-III) inhibitor, are used for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. We tested whether these agents affect cardiac function and subcellular remodelling in congestive heart failure (CHF) induced by myocardial infarction (MI). Three weeks after MI, ...
Miranda Amarildo - - 2007
In animal models the evaluation of myocardial infarct size in vivo and its relation to the actual lesion found post mortem is still a challenge. The purpose of the current study was to address if the conventional electrocardiogram (ECG) and/or echocardiogram (ECHO) could be used to adequately predict the size ...
Zagorski John - - 2007
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a strong risk factor for poor clinical outcome following pulmonary embolism (PE), the third most prevalent cardiovascular disease. Previous studies in our laboratory demonstrated that RV failure during PE is mediated, in part, by neutrophil-dependant cardiac inflammation. In this study we use DNA microarray analysis ...
Frantz S - - 2007
Clinical data suggest an association of increased serum androgens with cardiovascular mortality in females, but not in males. Therefore, we examined effects of chronic anabolic testosterone administration on left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction in female rats. Ovariectomized adult female rats were treated with placebo, supraphysiologic testosterone undecanoate (T), estradiol ...
Veeraveedu Punniyakoti T - - 2008
Torasemide is a long-acting loop diuretic that combines the effects of both furosemide and spironolactone. It has been reported that torasemide may block the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and therefore it might attenuate myocardial remodeling accompanied by left ventricular dysfunction. However, nothing is known about the effect of torasemide on myocardial remodeling ...
Bencsik P - - 2008
Sensory neuropathy develops in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. diabetes, dyslipidemia), but its pathological consequences in the heart are unclear. We have previously shown that systemic sensory chemodenervation by capsaicin leads to impaired myocardial relaxation and diminished cardiac nitric oxide (NO) content. Here we examined the mechanism of ...
Li Yong-shun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most cardiac regenerative approaches can restore injured heart muscles. In this study, we investigated if fibrin sealant could help neonatal cardiomyocytes restore myocardial function in a rat model of myocardial infarction. METHODS: The left anterior descending artery in adult female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was ligated to make a myocardial ...
Wang Jian - - 2008
We investigated the effects of partial left ventricular unloading on failing rat hearts by using heterotopic heart-lung transplantation model. Heart failure (HF) was induced in Lewis rats by ligating the left anterior descending artery. After four weeks, the infarcted hearts and lungs were harvested and transplanted into the recipient rats ...
El-Bahai M N - - 2009
The intrinsic cardiac responses to 2-months Nigella sativa (black seed) oral supplementation (800 mg/kg) in rats were investigated. The isolated hearts were perfused in a Langendorff preparation to demonstrate the effects of N. sativa on the baseline inotropic and chronotropic functions and the myocardial flow rate. N. sativa supplementation induced ...
Piegari Elena - - 2008
The aim of our study was to determine if strain (S) and strain rate (SR) imaging are more sensitive indices with respect to standard echocardiographic parameters to assess cardiac function in an experimental model of doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy. DOX was administered intraperitoneally 4x/wk at the dose of 1.25 mg/kg/d over ...
Bujak Marcin M Section of Cardiovascular Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2007
Postinfarction cardiac repair is regulated through timely activation and repression of inflammatory pathways, followed by transition to fibrous tissue deposition and formation of a scar. The transforming growth factor-beta/Smad3 pathway is activated in healing infarcts and may regulate cellular events critical for the inflammatory and the fibrotic responses. We examined ...
Penumathsa Suresh Varma SV Molecular Cardiology and Angiogenesis Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030-1110, - - 2008
Hypercholesterolemia (HC) induced endothelial cell dysfunction and decreased endothelial nitric oxide formation results in impaired angiogenesis and subsequent cardiovascular disorders. Therapeutic angiogenesis is known to be a novel strategy for treatment of patients with ischemic heart disease. We have shown that secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is angiogenic as well as cardioprotective ...
Grobe Justin L - - 2007
Cardiac remodelling is a key risk factor for the development of heart failure in the chronic phase following myocardial infarction. Our previous studies have shown an anti-remodelling role of ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) in vivo during hypertension and that these protective effects are mediated through increased circulating levels of Ang-(1-7) ...
Bartel L C - - 2007
Nifurtimox (Nfx) and Benznidazole (Bz) are being used for the treatment of the acute phase of Chagas' disease. Recently, they were also considered for use in the indeterminate phase. Both the nitroheterocyclic drugs have serious toxic side effects. The mechanism of Nfx toxicity is associated with the formation of reactive ...
Kolettis Theofilos M - - 2007
AIMS: This study investigated whether chronic and acute amiodarone treatment has differential effects on ventricular arrhythmogenesis during acute myocardial infarction in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-six rats were randomly allocated into vehicle, chronic oral amiodarone (30 mg/kg daily for 2 weeks), or acute amiodarone (a single dose, 100 mg/kg). Five ...
Durst Ronen - - 2007
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major, nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent with anti-inflammatory activity mediated by enhancing adenosine signaling. Inasmuch as adenosine receptors are promising pharmaceutical targets for ischemic heart diseases, we tested the effect of CBD on ischemic rat hearts. For the in vivo studies, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ...
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