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Results 401 - 450 of 515
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Black D A - - 1987
Atypical presentations of myocardial infarction are more common in the elderly. Fifty-three cases of myocardial infarction were found by prospectively screening all acute medical admissions aged over 75 years. The presenting symptom was compared with an assessment of mental state using a simple scoring system. Atypical presentations were found to ...
Stoddart P G - - 1987
This trial aimed to test if the half life of radioiodinated heptadecanoic acid (HDA) in acutely infarcted myocardium is of prognostic value. Twenty patients had an HDA scan and a MUGA scan within 6 days of acute myocardial infarction, eighteen of these had a visible defect on the HDA images. ...
Tansey M J - - 1986
A pilot study was carried out in 22 non-diabetic patients admitted to hospital within 12 hours of acute myocardial infarction to assess the plasma glucose level on admission as an index of infarct size, morbidity and prognosis. Blood free fatty acid, insulin and potassium concentrations were also measured. Mean enzymatically ...
Eichstaedt H W - - 1986
We investigated 26 patients admitted to our catheterization laboratory with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. In each case acute revascularization was unsuccessful, but the diagnosis was confirmed by angiography. In 11 patients with an uncomplicated course of acute myocardial infarction magnetic resonance imaging was carried out within 7 days ...
Palm R - - 1986
Fifty-seven well-defined acute stroke patients were investigated for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of zinc (Zn), total protein, and albumin, as well as 6 patients with old infarctions. Significantly increased concentrations were found in patients with acute non-embolic and embolic infarctions and haemorrhage compared with patients having old infarctions or with ...
Landau E - - 1986
Acute myocardial infarction occurred in a 25-year-old woman. Coronary angiography performed one month after the acute illness was normal. An ergonovine test was negative. The patient's acute myocardial infarction most probably was induced by the use of oral contraceptives in combination with heavy smoking. Oral contraceptives, with their known influence ...
Henriksson P - - 1986
The in vivo production of prostacyclin and thromboxane was monitored by measuring their major urinary metabolites 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in ten patients with acute myocardial infarction, five on standard treatment and five receiving prostacyclin infusion. During acute myocardial infarction excretion of 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha, ...
Bushnell D L - - 1986
In a retrospective analysis of 218 hepatobiliary studies in patients clinically suspected of acute cholecystitis, a rim of increased hepatic activity adjacent to the gallbladder fossa (the "rim sign") has been evaluated as a scintigraphic predictor of confirmed acute cholecystitis. Of 28 cases with pathologic confirmation of acute cholecystitis in ...
Gnecchi Ruscone T - - 1985
We attempted to relate admission rate for acute myocardial infarction with some meteorological variables in a region having a temperate climate. We used 2830 consecutive episodes collected over a 2-year (1979-1980) period. The temperatures, atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, front passage, rain and snow and foehn wind have been associated in ...
Huckell V F - - 1985
The authors prospectively compared the ability of Tc-99m pyrophosphate (PYP) and Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) to detect acute myocardial infarctions. The agents used were PYP (12 mg) with 3.4 mg of stannous chloride, MDP (10 mg) with 1.0 mg of stannous chloride, and MDP (10 mg) with 3.4 mg of ...
Zaontz M R - - 1985
Acute focal bacterial nephritis, synonymous with acute lobar nephronia or focal nonliquefactive pyelonephritis, represents a localized area of renal inflammation. Clinically, acute focal bacterial nephritis presents as acute pyelonephritis but is distinguishable by the presence of a focal mass on excretory urography. The further distinction between acute focal bacterial nephritis ...
Khardori R - - 1985
A patient with hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypophosphatemia, and hypomagnesemia/hypocalcemia is described. Electrocardiography demonstrated the pattern of acute anterior myocardial infarction. Further evaluation revealed that the patient had not actually had the acute myocardial infarction and that the electrocardiographic change was a mere simulation. The possible role of hypomagnesemia in the ...
Vesterqvist O - - 1985
Using a specific quantitative method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry the urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-TxB2 was measured in five patients with acute myocardial infarction shortly after the onset of symptoms. The urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-TxB2 was markedly higher than seen in normals in three of the five patients. This increased ...
Biel S I - - 1985
The morphology of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) is useful in detecting old or recent myocardial infarction. Rarely, however, have VPCs provided the first objective evidence of transmural myocardial infarction. In two patients with chest pain, VPCs early in the hospital course revealed myocardial infarction, while normally conducted sinus beats showed ...
Berghmans L - - 1985
In order to prepare Belgian participation in the International Study "Monitoring of trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease (MONICA)", a pilot project for registration of acute myocardial infarctions was organized in the Flemish city of Ghent and the Walloon city of Charleroi. Thanks to the collaboration of 449 general practitioners ...
Hutchison S J - - 1984
A 34 year old man with no known coronary risk factors presented with acute myocardial infarction. Shortly after admission, and over the next eight years, he had recurring clinical features consistent with a diagnosis of Behçet's syndrome. Coronary angiograms recorded six months after infarction were normal. Although he was well ...
Yui Y - - 1984
To investigate the role of a factor in serum stimulating prostacyclin synthesis in acute myocardial infarction, we compared the activities of the factor among 7 patients with acute myocardial infarction (2.5 +/- 0.8 hrs and 80 +/- 17 hrs after the onset of symptoms), 12 patients with angina pectoris, and ...
Bird K - - 1984
Acute epididymitis can lead to obstruction of the adjacent testicular blood supply, resulting in focal or diffuse infarction of the testis or epididymis in the absence of torsion. Four cases are presented to demonstrate the spectrum of B-scan ultrasound findings, ranging from focal necrosis of the epididymis and ischemic infarction ...
Chappell A G - - 1984
Of a total of 35 instances of painless myocardial infarction encountered in a District General Hospital over a 15-year period, ten occurred in seven patients admitted with acute exacerbations of asthma. There was a marked preponderance of anterior infarcts. No instance was found during a prospective study of 49 acute ...
Mirrakhimov M M - - 1984
The study included 261 patients with myocardial infarction in whom heart antibody titre, the index of leucocyte migration and the indicator of their agglomeration with antigen from the infarction and perinfarction region were investigated. Two variants of immunological changes occurring in acute coronary disease were identified--one characteristic of a favourable ...
Stratton M A - - 1984
The use of nitrates in treating acute myocardial infarction is reviewed; proposed mechanisms of action and pertinent pathophysiology are discussed. Oral and sublingual nitrates were first tested in acute myocardial infarction patients with mixed results. Later studies with sublingual nitroglycerin followed by phenylephrine infusion indicated that nitrates were effective in ...
Lisbona R - - 1983
Right ventricular infarction is not uncommon in patients with inferior myocardial infarcts. Phase and amplitude analysis of equilibrium gated cardiac blood pool studies is useful in documenting right ventricular damage complicating left ventricular infarction. In 15 of 37 patients with acute inferior infarction, right ventricular extension of the infarct was ...
Zarling E J - - 1983
A retrospective study of 100 consecutive cases of autopsy-proved acute myocardial infarction has disclosed a surprisingly low frequency (53%) of correct antemortem diagnoses. Incorrect diagnoses seemed to be caused by (1) unjustified dependence on misleading laboratory studies, (2) inattention to suggestive or diagnostic laboratory studies, (3) atypical or obscure presentation ...
Roberts R - - 1983
Until recently, the use of nitroglycerin in patients with acute myocardial infarction has been contraindicated primarily because of possible hypotension or tachycardia which, with sublingual or oral preparations, would be difficult to control. The introduction of intravenous nitroglycerin and its use during experimentally induced infarction paved the way for its ...
Sipilä R - - 1983
We describe an acute inferior myocardial infarction in a 29-year-old woman with normal coronary arteries. She has suffered from Raynaud's phenomenon in the fingers for several years. Manifest thyroid deficiency was discovered during hospitalization. A functional-type link between hypothyroidism and myocardial infarction via vasospasm manifested as Raynaud's phenomenon is proposed ...
MacDonald J B - - 1983
Over a five-year period (1974-78), 2947 patients were admitted to the Coronary Care Unit, Victoria Infirmary, Glasgow, and it was confirmed that 1474 of these patients had had a myocardial infarction. Over 70% were of state pensionable age, that is women over the age of 60 years and men over ...
Al-Owaish R A - - 1983
In 1978 there were 428 cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among the 18 000 patients admitted to the medical wards of the two main general hospitals in Kuwait; of these, 360 (84%) were males and 171 (40%) were Kuwaitis. The male crude incidence rate (13.1 per 10 000 population ...
Chia B L - - 1982
Intensive monitoring for patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction first began in USA in 1962. In the past 2 decades, major progress has taken place in the development of coronary care units. The first coronary care unit in Singapore was introduced in 1967. Review of the results obtained from this ...
Aravanis C - - 1982
A 17-year-old girl developed an acute myocardial infarction immediately after being bitten by a viper and four days later she had a cerebrovascular accident. The close clinical and laboratory follow-up of this case suggested that myocardial damage could be attributed to a direct cardiotoxic effect of the venom, while the ...
McManus B M - - 1981
Clinical and necropsy findings are described in eight patients who lived 20 to 31 years (mean 24 years) after healing of a transmural acute myocardial infarct. Two had left ventricular aneurysms and one had both right and left ventricular infarcts. Survival for 2 decades or more after healing of a ...
Takagi M - - 1981
The results of treatment of 400 patients with established acute myocardial infarction in a hospital at different periods with changing care systems are described. Significant reduction of death from arrhythmias could be obtained only when an organization with immediate availability of well-trained medical personnel and reliable actual continuous monitoring of ...
Itatsu H - - 1981
Radionuclide imaging was useful for noninvasively visualizing a location and size of infarction in two patients with acute myocardial infarction. In one patient, inferior subendocardial myocardial infarction was detected by 99mTc-PYP myocardial scintigraphy and then inferior transmural infarction was observed as more intense radioactivity with a larger size. In the ...
Codini M A - - 1981
Negative myocardial infarct scintigrams with 99mtechnetium stannous pyrophosphate (99mTc-PYP) were obtained in two patients with acute massive transmural infarct. Both patients died soon after scintigraphy. Because necropsy was performed within hours after death, we were able to correlate the distribution of the tracer within the acutely infarcted tissue with the ...
Nyquist O - - 1980
In order to evaluate the hemodynamic and antiarrhythmic efficacy of tocainide, studies were performed in patients suffering acute myocardial infarction. Intravenous tocainide was administered over a 15-minute period in order to determine its acute effects and subsequently, in a randomized double-blind study with placebo control, to determine its effects over ...
Willerson J T - - 1980
A complete discussion of factors involved in causing acute myocardial infarcts is contained in ths review, and a detailed discussion of various complications of acute myocardial infarction is also provided. Interventions that are capable of reducing infarct size in animal models with experimentally produced acute myocardial infarcts are discussed, and ...
Nicholls D P - - 1980
Patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to a coronary care unit were given either intravenous and oral disopyramide or matching placebo on admission and throughout their hospital stay. 199 patients entered the trial, and 138 were subsequently shown to have had a myocardial infarct. The placebo and study groups were ...
Sewdarsen M - - 1980
A coronary care unit for the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction has been organized at the R. K. Kahn Hospital. This unit provides intensive nursing care and continuous oscilloscope monitoring of cardiac rhythm and has facilities for dealing with cardiac emergencies. During the first year 184 patients with ...
Lewis M H - - 1980
A modeling procedure, employing multiple 99mTc-PYP myocardial scintigrams, was applied to acute inferoposterior myocardial infarcts in 12 dogs. Four modeling schemes were developed, and the model volume predictions were correlated with morphometrically determined infarct masses. Correlation values ranged from r = 0.66 (p less than 0.02) to r = 0.80 ...
Kennelly B M - - 1980
A patient has an ECG on admission to the hospital that demonstrated acute transmural inferior and anterolateral infarction. Charges of additional transmural anteroseptal infarction were evident in ventricular extrasystoles but not in conducted sinus beats. The patient died five days after admission, and autopsy confirmed the presence of fresh anteroseptal ...
van der Does E - - 1980
In the imminent myocardial infarction Rotterdam (IMIR) study, contacts by patients with their general practitioners for symptoms of potential coronary artery disease were registered. Those who had acute myocardial infarction were diagnosed on the basis of the modified World Health Organization criteria, and those with this definite diagnosis were then ...
Romano E - - 1980
Chlorpromazine, a phenothiazine derivative with central and peripheral vasodilating effect, was given intravenously, with frusemide, to five patients with acute pulmonary oedema who did not respond to conventional treatment. Four of the five recovered fully. Chlopromazine seems to be a suitable vasodilator for use in treating acute pulmonary oedema outside ...
Cucuianu M P - - 1980
When compared to the values obtained in healthy normal-weight, normolipemic controls, the plasma level of ristocetin-cofactor (VIII:R-cof.) was found to be much higher in patients with acute myocardial infarction and in postoperative conditions (4--5 days after a major surgical intervention). A lesser increase of VIII:R-cof. was noted in atherosclerotic patients ...
Mowar S N - - 1980
Despite the wide clinical spectrum of acute myocardial infarction, changes in various hormones, e.g., insulin, prolactin, and cortisol, have been observed in these cases separately. The present study was designed to see the changes of these hormones simultaneously and to follow them up along with the clinical improvement of the ...
Willerson J T - - 1980
99mTc-PYP myocardial scintigrams represent a means to detect and localize acute myocardial necrosis. These scintigrams are expected to be abnormal with acute myocardial infarcts of at least 3 grams in weight if serial imaging is utilized and proper attention to technique is provided. Any etiology of myocardial necrosis may produce ...
O'Rourke M F - - 1979
Pindolol was administered orally (5 mg 8th-hourly) to 30 patients 5--19 (mean = 9.0 hrs) hours after onset of acute myocardial infarction. There were no serious side effects during the acute phase of infarction, only one hospital death and two late deaths at follow-up 2--82 (mean = 37 wks) weeks ...
Wocial B - - 1979
Urinary excretion of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), noradrenaline, adrenaline and vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) was studied in 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The excretion of MHPG was higher in patients with myocardial infarction than in the control group, with no difference between uncomplicated and complicated courses of the disease. The excretion of ...
Neilson G - - 1979
A survey was made of patients admitted to hospitals with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in seven Queensland provincial cities between January 1, and December 31, 1975. Estimates of the incidence of, and mortality from, myocardial infarction are made, and details of the type of care offered, patient characteristics, ...
Malin F R - - 1978
Studies have shown that technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (Tc-PPi) is effective for the detection and imaging of acute myocardial infarction. Positive Tc-PPi myocardial scintigrams, however, have been reported in patients with other forms of heart disease and no evidence of recent myocardial infarction. To help define the usefulness of this test, ...
Greenspahn B R - - 1978
A patient is described in whom electrocardiographic changes simulating acute nontransmural myocardial infarction occurred in association with head trauma. Despite extensive noninvasive investigation, including computerized axial tomography and myocardial scanning, no acute structural central nervous system or cardiac abnormality could be detected. A review of the literature failed to reveal ...
Gibson T C - - 1978
Serial blood pressure recordings were taken for 72 hours in 112 patients with acute myocardial infarction and in 96 patients with cardiac ischemia, admitted to hospital no more than 6 hours after the onset of chest pain. During the first hour of admission 66 (31.7%) had a blood pressure recorded ...
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