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Results 401 - 450 of 537
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Woo K S - - 1989
In order to confirm the efficacy of a new coronary prognostic index for the prediction of mortality of acute myocardial infarction in the Chinese in general, this index was applied to 886 patients from six general hospitals in Hong Kong (435 patients), Guangzhou (212 patients) and Shanghai (239 patients), respectively. ...
Mattila K J - - 1989
The association of both viral and bacterial infections with acute myocardial infarction was investigated in a case-control study involving 40 consecutive patients with an acute myocardial infarction, 41 random controls and 30 patients with chronic coronary heart disease. All individuals were males aged 50 years or less. A rise in ...
Kanawaty D S - - 1989
A 67-year-old male presented with acute inferolateral myocardial infarction complicated by transient acute post infarction pericarditis. Six weeks later, he developed Dressler's syndrome associated with moderately severe anemia of chronic disease. Both of these resolved over the next few weeks, however, shortly thereafter, right sided congestive heart failure occurred. This ...
Barash D - - 1989
The records of 103 patients hospitalized for acute pulmonary edema were reviewed to determine the relationship between short-term outcome and time of presentation to the emergency department. Although only 17% of the patients arrived in the emergency department during the early afternoon hours, half of the deaths in the study ...
Joensuu H - - 1989
Forty-seven patients younger than 40 years at the time of the diagnosis, and irradiated to the mediastinum for Hodgkin's disease at Turku University Central Hospital from 1977 to 1982, were regularly followed for 56 to 127 months after therapy. Two patients developed an acute myocardial infarction ten and 50 months ...
Andersen H R - - 1989
The frequency and size of previous unrecognized myocardial infarction in patients with first clinical diagnosed acute myocardial infarction are unknown. In this study, 53 consecutive patients with clinical first acute myocardial infarction which proved fatal were studied postmortem. All showed acute infarction (inclusion criterium). Acute coronary thrombosis was found in ...
Jantunen E - - 1989
To evaluate the possible transmural differences in the structure of left ventricular myocardium in patients with ischaemic heart disease, 45 human hearts were examined with morphometric methods. There were 10 control hearts, 10 hearts with coronary atherosclerosis but without myocardial infarction, 11 hearts with acute subendocardial infarction and 14 hearts ...
Jugdutt B I - - 1989
Until the 1970s, nitroglycerin was used mainly for controlling angina pectoris. It was generally avoided in the setting of acute myocardial infarction. The main reason was fear of hypotension and reflex tachycardia. Experimental and clinical data since the mid-1970s indicate that hypotension should indeed be avoided during acute infarction. More ...
Beahrs M M - - 1989
The acute fibrinous pericarditis that complicates acute myocardial infarction is usually of no functional significance. Uncommonly, hemorrhagic effusion may compound this process. In the case reported here, the pericardial aspect of acute lateral myocardial infarction dominated the clinical picture, thus posing a diagnostic problem. This phase of the disease stimulates ...
Gibson R S - - 1989
The information presented in this review illustrates the different and potentially important clinical data that are obtainable from currently or soon-to-be-available radionuclide imaging procedures. Each modality has unavoidable intrinsic limitations. Nevertheless, in concert they have been useful in the clinical assessment of patients in the acute or convalescent phase of ...
Potkin B N - - 1988
To determine the relation of a single healed myocardial infarct to a fatal acute myocardial infarct, 129 patients with 1 grossly visible healed and 1 grossly visible acute infarct were studied at necropsy. It was determined whether the acute infarct was opposite to or adjacent to the healed infarct or ...
Iezzoni L I - - 1988
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the appropriateness of diagnostic coding of acute myocardial infarction across teaching and nonteaching hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective review of a random sample of medical records to find evidence of the occurrence and active treatment of acute myocardial infarction during the admission. SETTING: Five tertiary teaching, five other ...
Herlitz J - - 1988
In a subsample of 223 patients participating in a double-blind trial with metoprolol in suspected acute myocardial infarction, body temperature during the first 5 days in hospital was recorded. Patients developing infarction had a mean temperature of 37.3 degrees C compared with 36.8 degrees C for those with no infarction ...
Sanders A B - - 1988
We have attempted to review the role of pharmacologic agents in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction for the purposes of limiting infarct size. At this time, the beta-blocking agents and nitroglycerin have been the most extensively studied in clinical trials and should be part of our overall ...
- - 1988
The efficacy of nifedipine in the prevention of post-infarction morbidity and mortality was evaluated in a double-blind clinical trial of 2276 survivors of acute myocardial infarction recruited from the cardiac departments of 14 Israeli hospitals. The patients were randomized to either nifedipine 30 mg day-1 or placebo between 7 and ...
Berghmans L - - 1988
Comparison of the attack rates for acute myocardial infarction in two Belgian towns AMI attack rates in two Belgian towns. Belgium is divided in two main regions: Flanders in the North with a Dutch-speaking population, and Wallonia in the South with a French-speaking community. From 1982 onwards, a register of ...
Laerum E - - 1987
Eighty-four male patients with a mean age of 56.4 years (range 34 to 65 years) were subjected to a semi-structured interview 12-21 weeks after acute myocardial infarction in order to elucidate possible positive changes in family or spouse relationships induced by or following on from the disease. There were appreciable ...
Fraser R C - - 1987
This study compared the effects of azapropazone and indomethacin plus allopurinol in the management of acute gout and hyperuricaemia. A group of 93 patients predominantly based in general practice were randomly allocated to the two treatment regimens (azapropazone (days 1-225) or indomethacin (1-28) followed by allopurinol (29-225)) on a double-blind ...
Kopitsky R G - - 1987
The development of "pathologic" Q waves with ST segment elevation is considered diagnostic of transmural myocardial infarction. Previous reports have suggested that myocardial ischemia without infarction can result in electrocardiographic abnormalities simulating those of acute infarction. However, lack of infarction has been poorly documented in these reports. If real, this ...
Fahie-Wilson M - - 1987
The response of HDL in the acute phase reaction following myocardial infarction (MI) (82 subjects) and acute pancreatitis (AP) (30 subjects) has been examined and compared with that in a control group (76 subjects) admitted to hospital with suspected MI but in whom the diagnosis was not subsequently confirmed. The ...
Gnecchi Ruscone T - - 1987
We have retrospectively investigated the time of the onset of acute myocardial infarction in 2046 patients admitted to six coronary care units in a two-year period. A significantly reduced number of patients (P less than 0.01) showed the beginning of acute myocardial infarction during the 0 to 6 a.m. period, ...
Wasserberger J - - 1987
Sixteen patients with acute myocardial infarctions who were either vomiting or nauseated were given an intravenous injection of prochlorperazine. All patients obtained relief with exception of one patient who was in acute renal failure. No patient developed symptomatic hypotension. Intravenous prochlorperazine in the dose of 2.5 mg is a rapid, ...
Black D A - - 1987
Atypical presentations of myocardial infarction are more common in the elderly. Fifty-three cases of myocardial infarction were found by prospectively screening all acute medical admissions aged over 75 years. The presenting symptom was compared with an assessment of mental state using a simple scoring system. Atypical presentations were found to ...
Stoddart P G - - 1987
This trial aimed to test if the half life of radioiodinated heptadecanoic acid (HDA) in acutely infarcted myocardium is of prognostic value. Twenty patients had an HDA scan and a MUGA scan within 6 days of acute myocardial infarction, eighteen of these had a visible defect on the HDA images. ...
Tansey M J - - 1986
A pilot study was carried out in 22 non-diabetic patients admitted to hospital within 12 hours of acute myocardial infarction to assess the plasma glucose level on admission as an index of infarct size, morbidity and prognosis. Blood free fatty acid, insulin and potassium concentrations were also measured. Mean enzymatically ...
Eichstaedt H W - - 1986
We investigated 26 patients admitted to our catheterization laboratory with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. In each case acute revascularization was unsuccessful, but the diagnosis was confirmed by angiography. In 11 patients with an uncomplicated course of acute myocardial infarction magnetic resonance imaging was carried out within 7 days ...
Palm R - - 1986
Fifty-seven well-defined acute stroke patients were investigated for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of zinc (Zn), total protein, and albumin, as well as 6 patients with old infarctions. Significantly increased concentrations were found in patients with acute non-embolic and embolic infarctions and haemorrhage compared with patients having old infarctions or with ...
Landau E - - 1986
Acute myocardial infarction occurred in a 25-year-old woman. Coronary angiography performed one month after the acute illness was normal. An ergonovine test was negative. The patient's acute myocardial infarction most probably was induced by the use of oral contraceptives in combination with heavy smoking. Oral contraceptives, with their known influence ...
Henriksson P - - 1986
The in vivo production of prostacyclin and thromboxane was monitored by measuring their major urinary metabolites 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in ten patients with acute myocardial infarction, five on standard treatment and five receiving prostacyclin infusion. During acute myocardial infarction excretion of 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha, ...
Bushnell D L - - 1986
In a retrospective analysis of 218 hepatobiliary studies in patients clinically suspected of acute cholecystitis, a rim of increased hepatic activity adjacent to the gallbladder fossa (the "rim sign") has been evaluated as a scintigraphic predictor of confirmed acute cholecystitis. Of 28 cases with pathologic confirmation of acute cholecystitis in ...
Gnecchi Ruscone T - - 1985
We attempted to relate admission rate for acute myocardial infarction with some meteorological variables in a region having a temperate climate. We used 2830 consecutive episodes collected over a 2-year (1979-1980) period. The temperatures, atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, front passage, rain and snow and foehn wind have been associated in ...
Huckell V F - - 1985
The authors prospectively compared the ability of Tc-99m pyrophosphate (PYP) and Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) to detect acute myocardial infarctions. The agents used were PYP (12 mg) with 3.4 mg of stannous chloride, MDP (10 mg) with 1.0 mg of stannous chloride, and MDP (10 mg) with 3.4 mg of ...
Zaontz M R - - 1985
Acute focal bacterial nephritis, synonymous with acute lobar nephronia or focal nonliquefactive pyelonephritis, represents a localized area of renal inflammation. Clinically, acute focal bacterial nephritis presents as acute pyelonephritis but is distinguishable by the presence of a focal mass on excretory urography. The further distinction between acute focal bacterial nephritis ...
Khardori R - - 1985
A patient with hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypophosphatemia, and hypomagnesemia/hypocalcemia is described. Electrocardiography demonstrated the pattern of acute anterior myocardial infarction. Further evaluation revealed that the patient had not actually had the acute myocardial infarction and that the electrocardiographic change was a mere simulation. The possible role of hypomagnesemia in the ...
Vesterqvist O - - 1985
Using a specific quantitative method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry the urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-TxB2 was measured in five patients with acute myocardial infarction shortly after the onset of symptoms. The urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-TxB2 was markedly higher than seen in normals in three of the five patients. This increased ...
Biel S I - - 1985
The morphology of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) is useful in detecting old or recent myocardial infarction. Rarely, however, have VPCs provided the first objective evidence of transmural myocardial infarction. In two patients with chest pain, VPCs early in the hospital course revealed myocardial infarction, while normally conducted sinus beats showed ...
Berghmans L - - 1985
In order to prepare Belgian participation in the International Study "Monitoring of trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease (MONICA)", a pilot project for registration of acute myocardial infarctions was organized in the Flemish city of Ghent and the Walloon city of Charleroi. Thanks to the collaboration of 449 general practitioners ...
Hutchison S J - - 1984
A 34 year old man with no known coronary risk factors presented with acute myocardial infarction. Shortly after admission, and over the next eight years, he had recurring clinical features consistent with a diagnosis of Behçet's syndrome. Coronary angiograms recorded six months after infarction were normal. Although he was well ...
Yui Y - - 1984
To investigate the role of a factor in serum stimulating prostacyclin synthesis in acute myocardial infarction, we compared the activities of the factor among 7 patients with acute myocardial infarction (2.5 +/- 0.8 hrs and 80 +/- 17 hrs after the onset of symptoms), 12 patients with angina pectoris, and ...
Bird K - - 1984
Acute epididymitis can lead to obstruction of the adjacent testicular blood supply, resulting in focal or diffuse infarction of the testis or epididymis in the absence of torsion. Four cases are presented to demonstrate the spectrum of B-scan ultrasound findings, ranging from focal necrosis of the epididymis and ischemic infarction ...
Chappell A G - - 1984
Of a total of 35 instances of painless myocardial infarction encountered in a District General Hospital over a 15-year period, ten occurred in seven patients admitted with acute exacerbations of asthma. There was a marked preponderance of anterior infarcts. No instance was found during a prospective study of 49 acute ...
Mirrakhimov M M - - 1984
The study included 261 patients with myocardial infarction in whom heart antibody titre, the index of leucocyte migration and the indicator of their agglomeration with antigen from the infarction and perinfarction region were investigated. Two variants of immunological changes occurring in acute coronary disease were identified--one characteristic of a favourable ...
Stratton M A - - 1984
The use of nitrates in treating acute myocardial infarction is reviewed; proposed mechanisms of action and pertinent pathophysiology are discussed. Oral and sublingual nitrates were first tested in acute myocardial infarction patients with mixed results. Later studies with sublingual nitroglycerin followed by phenylephrine infusion indicated that nitrates were effective in ...
Lisbona R - - 1983
Right ventricular infarction is not uncommon in patients with inferior myocardial infarcts. Phase and amplitude analysis of equilibrium gated cardiac blood pool studies is useful in documenting right ventricular damage complicating left ventricular infarction. In 15 of 37 patients with acute inferior infarction, right ventricular extension of the infarct was ...
Zarling E J - - 1983
A retrospective study of 100 consecutive cases of autopsy-proved acute myocardial infarction has disclosed a surprisingly low frequency (53%) of correct antemortem diagnoses. Incorrect diagnoses seemed to be caused by (1) unjustified dependence on misleading laboratory studies, (2) inattention to suggestive or diagnostic laboratory studies, (3) atypical or obscure presentation ...
Roberts R - - 1983
Until recently, the use of nitroglycerin in patients with acute myocardial infarction has been contraindicated primarily because of possible hypotension or tachycardia which, with sublingual or oral preparations, would be difficult to control. The introduction of intravenous nitroglycerin and its use during experimentally induced infarction paved the way for its ...
Sipilä R - - 1983
We describe an acute inferior myocardial infarction in a 29-year-old woman with normal coronary arteries. She has suffered from Raynaud's phenomenon in the fingers for several years. Manifest thyroid deficiency was discovered during hospitalization. A functional-type link between hypothyroidism and myocardial infarction via vasospasm manifested as Raynaud's phenomenon is proposed ...
MacDonald J B - - 1983
Over a five-year period (1974-78), 2947 patients were admitted to the Coronary Care Unit, Victoria Infirmary, Glasgow, and it was confirmed that 1474 of these patients had had a myocardial infarction. Over 70% were of state pensionable age, that is women over the age of 60 years and men over ...
Al-Owaish R A - - 1983
In 1978 there were 428 cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among the 18 000 patients admitted to the medical wards of the two main general hospitals in Kuwait; of these, 360 (84%) were males and 171 (40%) were Kuwaitis. The male crude incidence rate (13.1 per 10 000 population ...
Chia B L - - 1982
Intensive monitoring for patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction first began in USA in 1962. In the past 2 decades, major progress has taken place in the development of coronary care units. The first coronary care unit in Singapore was introduced in 1967. Review of the results obtained from this ...
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