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Chang Tzu-Pu - - 2010
We report a case of a tiny infarct on the left dorsolateral pons in a 50-year-old man who presented with prolonged and isolated vertigo. The clinical features mimic vestibular neuritis and can easily lead to misdiagnosis. Selective involvement of the left superior vestibular nucleus might explain the resemblance to acute ...
Lin Jainn-Jim - - 2010
Neurogenic stunned myocardium is characterized by reversible left ventricular dysfunction, which occurs after severe central nervous system injury in patients without coronary artery disease. It has been described in association with subarachnoid hemorrhage, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and metastatic brain tumors in adults, but has been rarely reported in association with acute ...
Eriksson Monica - - 2010
To describe and interpret couples' thoughts and expectations about their future life after the patient's discharge following acute myocardial infarction. An acute myocardial infarction is a challenge for both the patient and his/her partner, as it can disrupt family functioning and dynamics. Earlier research has generally focused on either the ...
Boruah Pranjal - - 2010
Acute streptococcal myocarditis is an uncommon diagnosis in the developed world. Its presentation masquerading as acute myocardial infarction is still uncommon. We describe a case of a young male presenting with a recent diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis followed by a classical presentation of post streptococcal myocarditis. This is an unusual ...
Reuwer A Q - - 2011
Prolactin may contribute to an atherogenic phenotype. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that prolactin levels increase in situations of acute stress and inflammation. We therefore aimed to investigate the relationship between prolactin, acute stress and inflammation in patients with myocardial infarction. We performed a case-control study in 40 patients with ...
Malbora Baris - - 2010
Cardiac complications of the pediatric patients with acute leukemia are common. Most of the cardiac complications may be due to chemotherapeutics such as antracyclins, besides anemia, infections, or direct leukemic infiltrations of the heart. It is reported that leukemic infiltration is frequent in the postmortem examination of the myocardium and ...
Siniorakis Eftychios - - 2010
Two patients with acute myocardial infarction were admitted with unremarkable electrocardiograms, which did not reveal the location of the damage. A review of these electrocardiograms led to a suspicion of the presence of Brugada sign (BRSG), something subsequently confirmed by the administration of a sodium channel blocker. The unmasking of ...
Yang Ya-Ling - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Omental infarction is a rare occurrence in children. It is often diagnosed during surgery for suspected appendicitis. This study investigated the use of clinical and laboratory data for distinguishing between omental infarction and acute appendicitis. METHODS: Seven patients with surgically and pathologically proven omental infarction and 28 age- and ...
Kim Hyun-Ah - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although several articles have been published on central vestibular syndrome mimicking acute peripheral vestibulopathy (ie, pseudo-acute peripheral vestibulopathy), there are no reports of a brainstem infarct that selectively involves the vestibular nucleus and causes isolated vertigo. SUMMARY OF CASE: We report a patient with an isolated vestibular ...
Yu Jeong Jin - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate left ventricular myocardial deformation in children with Kawasaki disease during the acute phase of their illness. A total of 50 patients and 35 normal control subjects were assessed. Data were obtained from the patients during the acute and convalescent phases of Kawasaki disease. Analyses of ...
Winchester David E - - 2010
Doxorubicin and anthracycline antineoplastic agents are well known for their myocardial toxicity. This effect, however, is thought to be a direct one on the myocardium as a result of free radical formation and oxidative stress. We present the case of a patient who suffered an acute myocardial infarction during her ...
Cheng Hsien-Hung - - 2010
Killip classification is a valuable prognostic stratification for patients with acute myocardial infarction. Patients with high initial glucose levels also have adverse outcomes. We hypothesize that an increase in the Killip classification rank of patients with acute myocardial infarction might be associated with increase in initial glucose levels. In a ...
Lopes Juliana de Lima Jde - - 2010
This study compared the levels of anxiety presented by patients with acute myocardial infarction in bed and shower baths and the influence of antecedent variables: age, gender, medications, previous hospitalization and/or bed bath, patients' preference regarding the professional's gender, risk factors and anxiety-traits. This crossover study was conducted between February ...
Ventham Nicholas - - 2010
Omental infarction is a rare cause of acute abdomen in childhood. We describe a case of omental infarction mimicking acute appendicitis occurring in a child with cyclical neutropenia. Neutropenic enterocolitis, a serious cause of the acute abdomen, has been linked with cyclical neutropenia. In neutropenic patients, omental infarction when diagnosed ...
Lai Yi-Liang - - 2010
Transarterial chemoembolization has been widely used to treat unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Various complications have been reported, but they have not included acute myocardial infarction. Acute myocardial infarction results mainly from coronary artery occlusion by plaques that are vulnerable to rupture or from coronary spasm, embolization, or dissection of the coronary ...
Corrales-Medina Vicente F - - 2010
Acute coronary syndromes are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The mechanisms underlying the triggering of these events are diverse and include increased coronary and systemic inflammatory activity, dominant prothrombotic conditions, increased biomechanical stress on coronary arteries, variations in the coronary arterial tone, disturbed haemodynamic homoeostasis, and altered ...
Fornasini Marco M College of Health Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, - - 2010
Guidelines for the management of patients with acute myocardial infarction recommend the routine use of 4 effective cardiac medications: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, aspirin, beta-blockers, and lipid-lowering agents. Limited data are available, however, about the contemporary and changing use of these therapies, particularly from a population-based perspective. The study describes differences ...
Kirschner Robert - - 2010
Standard extracellular cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) contrast agents (CA) do not provide differentiation between acute and older myocardial infarcts (MI). The purpose of this study was to develop a method for differentiation between acute and older myocardial infarct using myocardial late-enhancement (LE) CMR by a new, low molecular weight contrast ...
Titelbaum David S - - 2010
A case of MR imaging-documented transient unilateral tongue denervation presenting during acute internal capsule infarction is described. Understanding the corticolingual pathway innervation of the hypoglossal nucleus is essential for explaining these findings. Awareness of the findings in this case will facilitate appropriate diagnosis, provide neuroanatomic explanation, and prevent misdiagnosis.
Hwang Chun - - 2009
The ligament of Marshall (LOM) is located on the epicardium between the left atrial appendage and the left pulmonary veins. The corresponding endocardial structure is the left lateral ridge. LOM is a source of paroxysmal AF, and may activate at fast rates during persistent AF. Because of the importance of ...
May Annette M - - 2010
Isolated infarctions of the subepicardial myocardium without changes in subendocardium are extremely rare. We present an autoptic case with an acute subepicardial infarction of the right- and left-ventricular myocardium. A 53-year-old male was admitted to hospital with acute upper abdominal pain. Clinical examination revealed an acute infero-lateral myocardial infarction. The ...
Geerse Dani??l A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Selvester QRS score was developed as a method to estimate infarct size (IS) using the ECG and has been validated during the prereperfusion era. Few comparisons exist with contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (ceMRI) in reperfused patients. This study evaluates the ability of the Selvester QRS score to estimate ...
Kajander Olli A - - 2009
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are rare, mostly asymptomatic vascular anomalies. These malformations cause direct right to left shunting of unoxygenated blood, resulting chronically in cyanosis, dyspnea, and exercise intolerance. The serious complications reported earlier have mainly been neurologic, for example, cerebrovascular accidents and brain abscesses and are most likely caused by ...
Sung Chong Won - - 2009
Prostaglandin E (PGE) is the preferred agent for second-trimester pregnancy termination. Hypotension, bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest and death associated with PGE have been reported. A case of acute myocardial infarction due to coronary vasospasm induced by PGE is described in the present report. The diagnosis was confirmed ...
Kang Dong Goo - - 2009
The incidence of ischemic heart disease has been increased rapidly in Korea. However, the clinical effects of antecedent hypertension on acute myocardial infarction have not been identified. We assessed the relationship between antecedent hypertension and clinical outcomes in 7,784 patients with acute myocardial infarction in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction ...
Peterson Eric D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is a recognized need for a national unified registry to track presenting features, care, and outcomes for patients with acute myocardial infarction. To address this need, the American Heart Association's Get With the Guidelines-Coronary Artery Disease program joined the Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network (ACTION) Registry ...
Sankaranarayanan Rajiv - - 2009
We present a case of primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) that masqueraded as acute myocardial infarction with typical symptoms, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and raised troponin T levels. This case throws light on a rare cardiac tumor with varied presentation, underlining the need for a high index of suspicion.
Manrique Alain - - 2009
Cardiac magnetic resonance can detect myocardial oedema using myocardial transverse relaxation time (T2)-weighted sequences but quantitative data are lacking in patients evaluated early after acute myocardial infarction. To assess the spatial distribution of T2 in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-four consecutive patients (mean age 60+/-11 years) with acute ...
Nielsen Lene Hüche - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Sparse information with regard to the electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is available. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and electrocardiographic changes in a Danish cohort of patients with TC. We discuss the potential pathophysiological mechanisms of TC. METHODS: Cases were registered ...
Chioncel V - - 2009
The diabetic patients represent a population with a high risk of morbidity and mortality because of vascular complications. Out of them, all the patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction have a more reserved prognostic than those without diabetes mellitus. Moreover, the patients with impaired glucose tolerance have a more severe ...
Parham William - - 2009
Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown in randomized clinical trials to improve neurologic outcomes following cardiac arrest. Whether therapeutic hypothermia improves important outcomes after acute myocardial infarction is an area of active research. Here we review recent experimental and clinical data that examine whether therapeutic hypothermia can improve functional outcomes or ...
Beyranvand Mohammad-Reza - - 2009
A 37-year-old man, a known case of Behcet's disease with its vascular complications such as abdominal and thoracic artery aneurysms, was admitted with the diagnosis of acute anterior myocardial infarction and received thrombolytic therapy. Coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention via transradial approach were performed for the patient on the ...
Doyle Robin - - 2009
We report a case of acute myocardial infarction due to non-antiphospholipid-related coronary artery thrombosis as the presenting manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus in a young patient. We present the acute workup and the results of successful transcatheter coronary intervention. The causes of acute myocardial infarction and coronary artery thrombosis in ...
Cvetković-Matić Danica - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of an acute myocardial infarction following a hornet sting has been very rarely reported in the previous literature. Pathogenetic mechanisms include direct action of the venom components on the coronary endothelium and allergic reaction with mediators released from mast cells. The anaphylactic reaction and venom components can ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Changing axis deviation has been rarely reported also during atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Changing axis deviation has been rarely reported also during acute myocardial infarction associated with atrial fibrillation. Isolated left posterior hemiblock is a very rare finding but the evidence of transient right axis deviation with a left ...
Silva Caterina - - 2011
The case reported, who suffered prolonged coronary occlusion, was evaluated by repeated MRI images in the acute, subacute and chronic phase. Scans showed hemorrhagic myocardial infarction and massive endothelial injury and its evolution over time.
Floyd Kevin C KC Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, - - 2009
The effects of lifestyle changes and evolving treatment practices on coronary disease incidence rates, demographic and clinical profile, and the short-term outcomes of patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction have not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to examine multidecade-long trends (1975-2005) in the incidence rates, demographic ...
Atzema Clare L - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: More than half of all acute myocardial infarction patients still do not meet benchmark reperfusion times, and the triage assessment that all patients receive when they arrive at an emergency department (ED) is a hospital-level process that has not been studied as a potential contributor to delays. Our ...
Patan? Salvatore - - 2009
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been identified as a member of the human kallikrein family of serine proteases and it is an established marker for detection of prostate cancer. Apparently spurious result has been reported in a work about mean serum PSA concentration during acute myocardial infarction with mean serum PSA ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
Changing axis deviation has been reported during acute myocardial infarction also associated with atrial fibrillation. Isolated left posterior hemiblock is a very rare finding but the evidence of transient right axis deviation with a left posterior hemiblock pattern has been reported during acute anterior myocardial infarction as related with significant ...
Ang Tiing Leong - - 2009
CONTEXT: Endoscopic ultrasound guided transmural drainage is a well accepted treatment modality for symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts. Pseudocyst perforation is an indication for surgery. The safety and utility of endoscopic drainage in the setting of acute myocardial infarction is unknown. This report described a case of perforated pseudocyst in a patient ...
Vekov Toni Y - - 2009
Cardiovascular mortality in Bulgaria has increased for the last 25 years, contrary to the rest of the EU countries. One of the reasons is high in-hospital mortality due to acute myocardial infarction. The Bulgarian Cardiac Institute has established a modern cardiac hospital with a catheterization laboratory (cathlab) in the Medical ...
El Hennawy Hany M - - 2009
Acute mesenteric ischemia is a serious acute abdominal condition requiring early diagnosis and intervention to improve the outcome. Although transmural acute bowel infarction represents about 1% of all cases of acute abdomen, it has a higher annual mortality rate than colon cancer. It tends to affect the colon in segmental ...
Lee Andrew Ying-Siu - - 2009
The present report describes the case of a 43-year-old woman with acute inferior myocardial infarction, in whom the culprit vessel was posteromedially located, and various diagnostic or guide catheters could not be engaged. The culprit vessel was directly cannulated using a guide wire, which allowed for a successful coronary intervention.
Ouyang Jie - - 2009
Detection of early acute myocardial ischemia/infarction prior to neutrophilic infiltration in autopsy myocardium poses a diagnostic dilemma to the surgical pathologist. Morphological changes can be subtle or not identified at all on the hematoxylin and eosin stain. To evaluate the Masson's trichrome stain and immunohistochemical stains, desmin and myoglobin, in ...
Perelman Julian - - 2009
Previous research has provided evidence that socioeconomic status has an impact on invasive treatments use after acute myocardial infarction. In this paper, we compare the socioeconomic inequality in the use of high-technology diagnosis and treatment after acute myocardial infarction between the US, Quebec and Belgium paying special attention to financial ...
Cheng Mei-ling - - 2009
Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX-1) has an important role in antioxidant defense and has been suggested to have a protective role against the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In the present study, erythrocytic GPX-1 activity from 42 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 285 healthy control subjects of Taiwanese origin were determined. Our ...
Ceriello Antonio - - 2008
High admission blood glucose levels after acute myocardial infarction are common and are associated with an increased risk of death in subjects with and without diabetes. In this review, the possible toxic effects of acute hyperglycaemia are discussed as a possible explanation for the worse prognosis in subjects with myocardial ...
Warner John J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study compares the risk of acute myocardial infarction among patients exposed to etodolac, naproxen, celecoxib, and rofecoxib. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study in 38 258 veteran patients (26 376 patient-years) measured the adjusted odds ratios of acute myocardial infarction during exposure to etodolac, naproxen, celecoxib, or rofecoxib. RESULTS: ...
Friedrich Matthias G - - 2008
Electrocardiograms, biomarkers, and ventricular function studies are diagnostic tools that are currently used to assess patients with acute myocardial disease. These tools are limited in their diagnostic accuracy and scope. Thus, for informed therapeutic decision making, tissue characterization may serve as a very important source of information in these initially ...
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