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Results 451 - 500 of 515
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Wiener I - - 1978
Six patients undergoing surgery for ischemic heart disease were studied by means of epicardial electrodes affixed to the left ventricle. One patient who underwent triple coronary arterial bypass and plication of a left ventricular aneurysm had evidence of an acute myocardial infarction 1 day after operation. A surface electrocardiogram and ...
Bainton D - - 1978
Prompted by a clinical observation of an increase in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction during an influenza outbreak, a study was designed to examine the number of deaths from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) at the time of influenza. Deaths from IHD were found to be increased at all ages, ...
McKillop J H - - 1978
Fifty patients with acute chest pain had thallium-201 myocardial imaging performed three to six days after emergency admission to hospital. The image was abnormal in 20 out of 22 patients with acute transmural myocardial infarcts but in only 1 of 5 with acute subendocardial infarcts. Indistinguishable scan abnormalities caused by ...
Walton S - - 1978
Acutely damaged myocardium was shown in 103 patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction using 99Tcm pyp. A significant incidence of false positive and false negative results occurred, 'true' results being defined by standard clinical, electrocardiographic, and enzyme criteria. Localisation of infarction compared reasonably well with standard electrocardiographic criteria but more ...
Tonogai Y - - 1978
Twenty kinds of coal-tar dyes were subjected to median tolerance limit (TLm) test by use of Himedaka (Oryzias latipes) for the comparision of their acute toxicities. It became clear that 4 kinds of halogens substituted xanthene compounds dyes showed strong acute toxicities. From the fact that uranine had the lower ...
Gadoth N - - 1978
Extensive haemorrhagic myocardial infarction developed in a newborn, apparently as a result of anoxia due to erythroblastosis fetalis, associated with haemoglobin H disease. Acute massive myocardial infarction in the neonatal period is rare and usually is associated with congenital malformation of the heart or its blood supply. Neonatal myocardial infarction ...
Kubat K - - 1978
Post-mortem examination was made of 136 patients who died of ischaemic heart disease from within a few minutes to 4 days after the onset to symptoms. Acute myocardial infarction was detected by means of the histochemistry of dehydrogenases in 102 cases (75%); in 34 cases(25%) no infarction was found, but ...
Stavorovsky M - - 1978
Emboli of a main artery cause serious complications in patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction, in whom the surgical risk is high. In order to save the limb, embolectomy is indicated and should be considered. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention with the use of the Fogarty catheter simplify the ...
Fazzini P F - - 1978
In 8 patients affected with acute myocardial infarction verapamil was highly effective in controlling ventricular extrasystoles. Theoretically the drug ought not to be effective if the extrasystoles were related to fast cardiac fibers characterized by a rapid inward Na+ current. The result suggests that in acute myocardial ischemia ventricular extrasystoles ...
Werner J A - - 1977
Acute myocardial infarction is being recognized as a spectrum of clinical subsets. This appreciation has been brought about to a large degree by the development of several new tools that can be applied clinically to aid in evaluation of patients with acute infarction, and in some cases to provide short ...
Kupper W - - 1977
The left ventricular hemodynamics of 70 patients with acute myocardial infarction were determined from measurements of pulmonary arterial end-diastolic pressure, cardiac index, mean arterial pressure and heart rate during the acute phase(first study, 5 hours after admission), 4 to 6 weeks later (second study, during convalescence) and in 35 percent ...
Büyüköztürk K - - 1977
In 700 patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the intensive coronary care unit of our hospital, the incidence and significance of left anterior hemiblock and left axis deviation has been studied in the acute phase of disease. In 102 (14.6%) of the 700 patients, isolated left axis deviation (mean ...
Kan M K - - 1977
Ninety-one patients with chest pain suggestive of acute myocardial infarction were studied by static technetium Tc 99m stannous pyrophosphate scintigraphy and dynamic sodium pertechnetate Tc 99m cardioangiography. Twenty-three of 26 patients (88%) with acute transmural infarcts and 12 of 17 patients (71%) with nontransmural infarcts had abnormal static studies. In ...
Wackers F J - - 1977
A clinicopathological study was performed in 23 patients who died from acute transmural myocardial infarction and who had been studied with thallium-201 during the acute phase. Twenty patients died within five days and three later than five days after scintigraphy. The scintigraphic location and the estimated size of infarction in ...
Berman D S - - 1977
A modified classification for interpreting technetium-99m pyrophosphate scintigrams defines the 2+ diffuse pattern of tracer uptake as equlvocal rather than positive for acute myocardial infarction. Results of scintigraphy using this classification were compared with results of standard diagnostic tests for myocardial infarction in 235 patients admitted to a coronary care ...
Kerr G D - - 1977
Technetium 99m pyrophosphate or polyphosphate administered intravenously soon after acute myocardial infarction produces positive images of the area and extent of myocardial necrosis. Forty-four patients have been studied of whom 39 had myocardial infarction. There was good correlation of the site and extent of infarction as indicated by the scintigram ...
Holman B L - - 1977
Detection of acute myocardial infarction as an area of increased activity has intrigued investigators for some time. Initial attempts with 203Hg-chlormerodrin and 203Hg-fluorescein analogues were successful in man. More recently, however, successful imaging of the acute myocardial infarct has been achieved with several 99mTc complexes. A large group of radiotracers ...
Parkey R W - - 1977
Technetium-99m-phosphate imaging is particularly valuable in detecting (1) small transmural infarcts (3 g and larger in size); (2) new acute transmural infarcts in or near regions of old infarction; (3) acute subendocardial infarcts (larger than 3 g in size); (4) acute infarction in patients with left bundle branch block; and ...
Holman B L - - 1976
The feasibility of acute infarct scintigraphy for the clinical evaluation of patients with known or suspected acute myocardial infarction is established. Further development of this methodologic approach may result in even better agents for the visualization of infarcts. Radiotracers with high affinity for the infarct, rapid blood clearance, and low ...
Holman B L - - 1976
The accuracy of the scintigraphic diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction with 99mTc-pyrophosphate, 99mTc-tetracycline and 99mTc-glucoheptonate was assessed in 63 patients, 43 of whom had clinical evidence of acute myocardial infarction. In 15, studies with both 99mTc-tetracycline and 99mTc-pyrophosphate were performed. Accuracy was greatest with 99mTc-pyrophosphate (17/17 true positives, 8/10 true ...
Pole D J - - 1976
The one year mortality of patients from the Perth Acute Myocardial Infarction Register surviving the acute episode (first 28 days) is presented. Of 1138 patients suffering definite or possible acute myocardial infarction in one year, 705 (62%) survived 28 days. There were 89 deaths (11-5%) in the subsequent 11 months. ...
Wang K - - 1976
In a 76-year-old man an electrocardiographic pattern of acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction disappeared suudenly. At necropsy, a more recent posterior myocardial infarct was found, in addition to an acute anteroseptal infarct. "Normalization" of the electrocardiogram from the pattern of anteroseptal myocardial infarction in this case resulted from the loss of ...
Gould L A - - 1976
Myocardial imaging with technetium-99m stannous polyphosphate was performed on 46 patients. Eleven patients had no cardiac disease, 22 had acute myocardial infarction, and 13 had stable arteriosclerotic heart disease. Distinct patterns of myocardial activity were noted: (1) the patients with no obvious cardiac disease showed no cardiac activity; (2) stable ...
Holman B L - - 1976
The feasibility of double-labeling of acute myocardial infarcts with 113mIn-EDTMP [ethylenediaminetetra(methylene phosphonic acid)] and 99mTc-EDTMP was evaluated. The in vitro distributions of these tracers in acute myocardial infarcts in dogs and their selectivities for infarcted versus noninfarcted myocardium were compared. Both tracers concentrated in acutely infarcted myocardium, and there was ...
Nimmo I A - - 1976
1. The turnover of plasma glucose and free fatty acids was measured in ten patients within 24 h of the onset of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction and in two with symptoms of acute myocardial ischaemia. The measurements were repeated in seven of the patients 12-40 weeks after the acute ...
Perez L A - - 1976
Myocardial studies with 99mTc-labeled phosphate agents were obtained in 20 patients without demonstrable cardiovascular disease, 24 patients with unstable arteriosclerotic heart disease (ASHD) without acute infarction, and six patients with myocardiopathy. The patients without cardiovascular disease showed no localization or tracer; the patients with unstable ASHD and without acute infarction ...
Holman B L - - 1976
Acute myocardial infarct scintigraphy with technetium-99m-pyrophosphate was performed in a patient with an acute massive transmural infarct. The patient died 12 hours later, and postmortem tracer studies demonstrated a tracer concentration ratio of 13:1 between acutely infarcted myocardium and normal myocardium remote from the infarct. The concentration of tracer in ...
Biddle T L - - 1976
Sixty-six patients with myocardial infarction (MI) were studied during the acute hospital phase and during the six months after hospital discharge. The clinical characteristics, location of infarction, and data from right heart catheterization were studied in an attempt to determine what factors were associated with ventricular rhythm disturbance. Those patients ...
Murray J P - - 1976
Myocardial scintigraphy with phosphate bone scanning agents is a new and very useful development in the detection of acute myocardial infarction. Initial experience using a rectilinear scanner is described in 50 consecutive patients admitted to hospital because of suspected myocardial infarction. The routine dose was 15 mCi/5 mg, 99Tcm stannous ...
Dewanjee M K - - 1975
The localization of 113mIn-ethylenediamine tetraethylenephosphonate and 113mIn-diethylenetriamine pentamethylenephosphonate in myocardial infarct induced in rabbits by coronary artery ligation was investigated. Double labeling of the same tissue with 45Ca ion was used as an index of tissue degeneration. The radioactivity ratio (40-50:1) of infarcted to normal myocardium was obtained 1.5 hours ...
Pyörälä K - - 1975
The occurrence of initial and terminal notching in the QRS complex of the electrocardiogram was studied in a series of 158 male patients surviving acute myocardial infarction during hospital admission and at follow-up examinations 6-8 weeks, 5 and 12 months after the infarction. In 115 men with their first myocardial ...
Zweiman G F - - 1975
The suitability of various radiopharmaceuticals (99mTc-tetracycline analogs, 99mTc-glucoheptonate, 99mTc-diphosphonate, and 67Ga-citrate) for use in imaging acute myocardial infarction was assessed by determining their biologic distributions in experimentally infarcted dogs. The highest infarct-to-normal myocardial concentration ratio was found with 99mTc-diphosphonate (27.9:1); the highest infarct-to-liver ratio was also found with 99mTc-diphosphonate (15.9:1). ...
Naqvi S Z - - 1975
1. Thirty-two patients (29 men and 3 women), admitted to a coronary-care unit with either acute coronary insufficiency or acute myocardial infarction, had their systolic time intervals and the a/E ratio of the apexcardiogram studied on days 1,2, and 7 of their hospital stay. 2. Only the LVETc and PEP/LVET ...
Kessler H A - - 1975
Myoglobin can be found in excess in the urines of some patients with acute myocardial infarction. To test the specificity of this finding, urine specimens were analyzed from 39 patients with provisional diagnosis of myocardial infarction by means of a hemagglutination-inhibition technique with prepared antisera to monkey myoglobin. Of 24 ...
Wackers F J - - 1975
Myocardial imaging using 201Tl was performed in 10 patients with supposedly normal myocardial perfusion and in 11 patients with acute myocardial infarction. In all patients with acute myocardial infarction the scintiscan showed an area with diminished radioactivity at the site corresponding the electrocardiographic localization of the infarction. 210Tl seems to ...
Larrimer J H - - 1975
A 74-year-old woman with secondary erythrocytosis was found to have Howell-Jolly bodies in peripheral blood erythrocytes following acute splenic infarction. The Howell-Jolly bodies were a transitory finding and disappeared six days after the infarction, although the spleen remained abnormal by isotope scanning for several weeks. Careful inspection of the peripheral ...
Jan K M - - 1975
Serial blood rheologic measurements were made in 25 patients with acute myocardial infarction; measurements included blood and plasma viscosities, hematological data and plasma protein concentrations. The blood viscosity was elevated on admission and for more than 21 days after acute myocardial infarction. However, the cause of the elevated viscosity was ...
Bakani I R - - 1975
A review of 100 cases of acute myocardial infarction admitted to the Colonial War Memorial Hospital in 1964-65 is presented. The incidence of acute myocardial infarction in this series was 97 percent in Indians and 3 percent in Fijians. The predisposing factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia are ...
Cheitlin M D - - 1975
By far the most frequent pathologic condition preceding myocardial infarction is coronary atherosclerosis. Because the great majority of patients who are first seen with acute myocardial infarction have atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, there is usually little thought given to other causes, except in children where congenital coronary anomalies are considered. ...
Willerson J T - - 1975
Eighty-eight patients admitted to a coronary care unit with chest pain of varying etiology but without ECG evidence of an acute transmural myocardial infarction had myocardial scintigrams using technetium-99m stannour pyrophosphate (99m-Tc-PYP). Seventeen of these patients had ECG and enzymatic evidence suggestive of acute subendocardial myocardial infarction. In each of ...
Dodek A - - 1974
Digitalis is one of the oldest and most commonly prescribed medications. There has been continuing controversy regarding its use in acute myocardial infarction. Recent information from animal experiments and clinical investigation serves as a guide for its appropriate use in this situation. When it is used appropriately and judiciously there ...
Astvad K - - 1974
A retrospective study of the mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction in two groups of patients treated before and after a coronary care unit was established showed no difference between them. Though it is difficult to compare two series retrospectively so far there are no well controlled studies to demonstrate ...
- - 1973
A cooperative study was undertaken to correlate the various methods by which acute myocardial infarction is studied post mortem and to evaluate the histological criteria upon which the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction should be based. The preliminary results indicate that (1) NBT staining of transverse slices of the heart ...
Webb S W - - 1972
Of 74 patients seen within 30 minutes of the onset of acute myocardial infarction 68 (92%) had signs of autonomic imbalance. Excessive vagal activity was evident in 41 (55%) and there was sympathetic overactivity in 27 (36%). The high incidence of sudden death in the acute phase of a coronary ...
Kirschberg G J - - 1972
A 20-year-old male patient is presented as a case of trichinous myocarditis with clinical symptoms and electrocardiographic evidence of an acute inferior myocardial infarction. He recovered rapidly and completely without any specific therapy. This seems to be a distinct rarity, having never been previously reported, but is of importance because ...
Smyllie H C - - 1972
The speed of admission of patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction was observed over a period of 12 months during which a "no refusal" coronary care scheme was functioning, with emphasis on minimizing delay. During the same period the duration of survival of cases diagnosed as coronary thrombosis by the ...
Smyllie H C - - 1972
A "no refusal" coronary care service (for one year) was offered to a selected sample of 10 general practices (total list 74,657). The patients were admitted to a three-bedded unit in Doncaster Royal Infirmary and data were collected to enable estimation of the size of unit necessary to serve the ...
MacMillan R L - - 1971
During 1968, 400 cases of proven acute myocardial infarction were admitted to the Toronto General Hospital (mortality 25.0%).Approximately half the patients who survived their stay in the Emergency Department were admitted to the Coronary Unit (mortality 15.6%) while the other half, because of lack of beds in the Coronary Unit, ...
Chopra M P - - 1971
The effectiveness of intravenous lignocaine in suppressing ventricular ectopic activity after acute myocardial infarction was examined in a double-blind trial in 82 patients. Whereas suppression of unifocal ventricular ectopics was achieved by lignocaine in 90% of patients, other forms of potentially more dangerous ectopic activity (multifocal or R-on-T ectopics) seemed ...
Mather H G - - 1971
This is a preliminary report of a co-operative study of 1,203 episodes of acute myocardial infarction in men under 70 years in four centres in the south west of England. The mortality at 28 days was 15%. A comparison is made between home care by the family doctor and hospital ...
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