Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2022
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Kutarski Andrzej - - 2007
The coronary sinus (CS) was, for 10 years, the standard place for permanent atrial pacing, and the antiarrhythmic properties of CS pacing were described by Moss in the early 70's. These observations were confirmed during EP studies, although currently permanent CS pacing is infrequently applied. Signal averaged (SA) P wave ...
Olshansky Brian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The INTRINSIC RV (Inhibition of Unnecessary RV Pacing with AVSH in ICDs) study tested the hypothesis that dual-chamber rate-responsive (DDDR) with atrioventricular search hysteresis (AVSH) 60-130 programming is not inferior to single-chamber (VVI)-40 programming in an implantable cardioverter defibrillator with respect to all-cause mortality and heart failure hospitalizations using ...
Stevenson William G - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation is a marker for worse outcomes in patients with heart failure and requires careful, individualized management. Anticoagulation and rate control are important. Routine use of antiarrhythmic drug therapy for maintenance of sinus rhythm carries concerns of risk and limited efficacy. Catheter ablation for maintaining sinus rhythm is feasible ...
Kukar Atul - - 2006
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heterogeneous disease of cardiac muscle which can present with myriad functional and clinical manifestations. When symptoms and left ventricular outflow gradients are present, it is primarily treated with pharmacologic agents. For refractory patients, dual chamber pacing has been proposed; by altering timing and site of ...
Cantù F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: His Bundle (HB) pacing is a valid alternative to right ventricular pacing for patients with preserved His-ventricle conduction who are candidates for permanent stimulation. Permanent pacing in the HB area enables Selective HB pacing (SHBP) or para-Hisian pacing (PHP) to be achieved. The aim of our study was to ...
Berberian George - - 2006
A 71-year-old man with class IV congestive heart failure and an infected pacemaker/implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) underwent median sternotomy for removal of endocardial leads with a 15-mm vegetation. Cardiac output during biventricular pacing was optimized with an aortic flow probe, a multi-electrode left ventricular patch, and a randomized protocol assessing ...
Padeletti Luigi - - 2006
Right ventricular (RV) apical pacing impairs left ventricular function by inducing dys-synchronous contraction and relaxation. Chronic RV apical pacing is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation, morbidity, and even mortality. These observations have raised questions regarding the appropriate pacing mode and site, leading to the introduction of algorithms ...
Shoyeb Abu - - 2006
Limited information is available on the value of exercise echocardiography (EE) for identifying operative risk in elderly patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The authors investigated the outcome in 221 consecutive patients 75 years and older who had EE before intermediate- or high-risk cancer surgery. Baseline clinical data, postoperative adverse cardiovascular events ...
Alizadeh Abolfath - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physiologic pacing is claimed to be superior to ventricular pacing in as much as it entails lower risk of atrial fibrillation, stroke, and atrial remodeling. There are few data on the relation between atrioventricular (AV) synchrony and atrial clot formation. Utilizing transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), this study sought to evaluate ...
Sweeney Michael O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) reduce mortality among appropriately selected patients who have had or are at risk for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. Right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing has been implicated in worsening heart failure and death. The optimal pacemaker mode for bradycardia support while minimizing unnecessary and potentially harmful RVA ...
Mohamed Uwais - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although focal atrial tachycardias cannot be entrained, we hypothesized that atrial overdrive pacing (AOP) can be an effective adjunct to localize the focus of these tachycardias at the site where the post-pacing interval (PPI) is closest to the tachycardia cycle length (TCL). METHODS: Overdrive pacing was performed in nine ...
Tissot Cécile - - 2007
We present the case of a patient with a congenital complete heart block (CHB) who developed a severe dilated hypokinetic cardiomyopathy whilst paced with a right-sided epicardial wire inserted by an anterior approach. She dramatically and rapidly improved both clinically and echocardiographically, once a single pacing wire was inserted on ...
Lewicka-Nowak Ewa - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In patients treated with permanent pacing, the electrode is typically placed in the right ventricular apex (RVA). Published data indicate that such electrode placement leads to an unfavourable ventricular depolarization pattern, while right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) pacing seems to be more physiological. AIM: To compare long-term effects of ...
Narita Yuji - - 2006
PURPOSE: A temporary epicardial pacing wire (TEPW) has been routinely placed in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, its fixation or removal occasionally causes troublesome complications. The aim of this study is to develop a novel TEPW using biodegradable film to fix the electrode to the epicardium without needle stabbing. DESCRIPTION: ...
Okmen Ertan - - 2006
The expected morphology of right ventricular pacing is a left bundle branch block (LBBB) pattern. However, right bundle branch block (RBBB) can also be seen during permanent right ventricular pacing. The aim of this study was to develop an electrocardiographic algorithm to differentiate this benign condition from septal and free ...
Khositseth Anant - - 2006
Hydrops fetalis due to congenital complete heart block (CCHB) is a rare condition. The outcome of the preterm fetus with hydrops fetalis due to CCHB is poor, and is frequently associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The management of this condition is difficult. We report our experience in a hydropic ...
McGavigan Andrew D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pacing site in an unselected series of patients undergoing right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) lead placement and investigate the role of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in predicting implantation. BACKGROUND: Right ventricular apical pacing is associated with long-term adverse effects on left ventricular function, fuelling interest in alternative ...
Vlay Stephen C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pacing from the right ventricular apex (RVA) in patients with ventricular dysfunction has been identified as a possible contributor to deterioration of ventricular function. Therefore, alternative pacing sites such as the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) are receiving intensified scrutiny. An unresolved question is whether technical, procedural, and stability ...
Yu Chih-Chieh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacing is the treatment for chronotropically incompetent hearts. However, the right ventricular (RV) apical pacing-induced asynchrony, even maintaining the atrioventricular (AV) sequential activation, has depressed left ventricular contractility. Whether RV septal pacing would less compromise the electromechanical performance of the left ventricle and the chronotropic effect on myocardial ...
Kharin Sergey - - 2006
The aim of the study was to advance our knowledge regarding the activation process of the ventricular myocardium in birds in which Purkinje fibres penetrate into the ventricular wall to reach the epicardium. A depolarization pattern of the left ventricular free wall was studied in chickens (Gallus gallus) during ventricular ...
Styliadis Ioannis H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate both left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) diastolic performance adaptation to variable atrioventricular interval (AVI), in patients with DDD pacing for complete heart block and to investigate a possible interaction between LV and RV in this specific cohort of patients. METHODS: We studied 22 consecutive patients ...
Ichiki Hitoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Asynchronous electrical activation induced by right ventricular apex (RVA) pacing can cause various abnormalities in left ventricular (LV) function, particularly in the context of severe LV dysfunction or structural heart disease. However, the effect of RVA pacing in patients with normal LV and right ventricular (RV) function has not ...
Chen Meng-Hua - - 2006
The use of cardiac pacing to deal with bradycardia is well established. There is debate as to the benefits during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study was performed to compare the effects of transoesophageal cardiac pacing and high-dose epinephrine on the benefits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation after asphyxial cardiac arrest in rats. ...
Kolb Christof - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In patients who have an indication for an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) a dual-chamber device is indicated in the case of concomitant significant sinus node disease or atrioventricular block. It is a matter of debate whether dual-chamber ICD may be beneficial for patients with preserved sinus and atrioventricular nodal ...
Tamborero David - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Right ventricular (RV) anodal capture (AC) has been reported in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), when left ventricular (LV) pacing uses pseudobipolar (LV tip to RV proximal electrode) configuration. The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of AC and its implications for device programming. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Sauer William H - - 2006
In this case report, we describe markedly different pacing thresholds determined by a manual threshold test and the automatic Ventricular Capture Management algorithm. The discrepancy in pacing threshold values reported was due to the difference in the AV intervals used with the different testing methods. We propose that the differences ...
Kumar Soumitra - - 2006
A 65-year-old male patient with a long standing history of chronic obstructive lung disease had permanent pacemaker implantation for symptomatic atrioventricular nodal blocks. Preoperative echocardiography showed dilated right heart chambers and moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension without any demonstrable intracardiac shunt. Postoperative twelve-lead ECG showed right bundle branch block configuration of ...
Takatsuki Seiji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Para-Hisian pacing is an effective method of differentiating between pathways for retrograde conduction over the accessory pathway (AP) and over the atrioventricular node (AVN). When performing para-Hisian pacing, the pacing spike sometimes captures only the His bundle, which we named "pure" Hisian pacing (Hc). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the significance ...
Guglin Maya E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the accuracy with which a computer algorithm reads electrocardiograms (ECGs) with electronic pacemakers (PMs). METHODS: Electrocardiograms were screened for the presence of electronic pacing spikes. Computer-derived interpretations were compared with cardiologists' readings. RESULTS: Computer-drawn interpretations required revision by cardiologists in 61.3% of cases. In 18.4% of cases, ...
Smit Marcelle D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) pacing in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients may have detrimental effects on morbidity and mortality, in particular by inducing heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether RV pacing increases the risk of HF in an asymptomatic ICD population. METHODS: We evaluated all patients without symptomatic HF who ...
Bindra Paveljit S - - 2006
Situs inversus with dextrocardia is a congenital condition in which the heart is a mirror image of the anatomically normal heart on the right side. Patients with this condition are increasingly surviving into adulthood and may present with heart failure. Several of such patients may benefit from atriobiventricular pacing which ...
Lin Jui-An - - 2006
Perioperative management of patients with cardiac pacemakers may be challenging because of the increasing sophistication of these devices. We report a case of a patient with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and with a permanent AAIR (bipolar atrial-inhibited adaptive rate) pacemaker who suffered life-threatening episodes of arrhythmias during operation. The first ...
Funck Reinhard C - - 2006
Despite the deleterious effects of cardiac dyssynchrony and the positive effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy, patients with high-degree atrioventricular block continue to receive desynchronizing right ventricular (RV) pacing systems. Although it is unclear whether the negative effects of RV pacing and left bundle branch block (LBBB) are comparable, and whether ...
Chen Xi - - 2006
In this paper, we report on ultrasonically actuated silicon thin microprobes that successfully penetrated canine cardiac tissue in vitro, and recorded the electrophysiological signals from multiple sites simultaneously within the heart wall. The penetration force--maximum force encountered by the probe during penetration--is found to reduce with increasing ultrasonic driving voltage, ...
Catanzariti Domenico - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Benefits of A-V synchrony during right ventricular apical pacing are neutralized by induction of ventricular dyssynchrony. Only a few data are reported about direct His bundle pacing influence on ventricular synchronism. AIM: Was to assess the capability of direct His bundle pacing to prevent pacing-induced ventricular dyssynchrony comparing DDD- ...
Cojoc Anca - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Single-site ventricular pacing results in dyssynchronous ventricular activation and may contribute to ventricular dysfunction. We evaluated epicardial biventricular (BiV) pacing as a means of maintaining synchronous ventricular activation in an acute piglet model of AV block with normal ventricular anatomy and function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used left ventricular ...
Tolkacheva Elena G - - 2006
Construction of the action potential duration (APD) restitution portrait allows visualization of multiple aspects of the dynamics of periodically paced myocytes at various basic cycle lengths (BCLs). For the first time, we obtained the restitution portrait of isolated rabbit and guinea pig cardiac ventricular myocytes and analyzed the time constant, ...
Echt Debra S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pacemaker lead complications and failures remain clinical problems. New devices incorporating three leads are associated with even greater limitations. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of a technology enabling cardiac pacing without leads in an acute porcine model. METHODS: The system is ...
Silvetti Massimo Stefano - - 2006
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term outcome of pacemakers (PMs) in paediatric patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients' data were retrospectively reviewed. We recorded the techniques and systems used, any complication, and outcome. Endocardial leads were inserted by transcutaneous puncture of subclavian vein and fixed with a ...
Gasparini Maurizio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known on the chronic effects of left ventricular pacing (LV) in heart failure. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with LBBB, QRS >130 milliseconds, New York Heart Association class (Bradley DJ, Bradley EA, Braughman KL, et al. Cardiac resynchronization and death from progressive heart failure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled ...
Gillis Anne M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Frequent and unnecessary right ventricular apical pacing increases the risk of atrial fibrillation or congestive heart failure. We evaluated a new pacing algorithm, managed ventricular pacing (MVP) which automatically changes modes between AAI/R and DDD/R in patients receiving pacemakers for symptomatic bradycardia. METHODS: Patients were randomized to the MVP ...
Ozyuncu Nil - - 2006
Malignant melanoma has an aggressive biological behaviour and a high rate of cardiac involvement. As shown from post-mortem studies, metastases of melanoma can involve any organ and cardiac metastases are frequent. This report describes a case of widespread malignant melanoma in a patient with clinical presentation of complete atrioventricular (AV) ...
Rosano Giuseppe M C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether acute administration of 17beta-estradiol reduces pacing-induced cardiac release of endothelin-1 in female menopausal patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 is a potent vasoactive peptide which plays a pathogenetic role in myocardial ischemia and adverse clinical events in patients with coronary artery disease. Estrogens decrease plasma ...
McClelland Anthony J J - - 2006
Epicardial electrical events were reconstructed using an inverse model for left ventricular (LV) pacing and during ventricular tachycardia (VT) induced during implantation of a biventricular pacemaker and/or internal defibrillator. The electrocardiographic position of the pacing lead, determined from the region of most negative potential 30 ms after the pacing spike, ...
van Campen C M C - - 2006
Biventricular pacing is a new therapy for the treatment of heart failure. However, a substantial number of patients do not respond to this therapy. Individually determined maximal pacing sites will improve the haemodynamic response and increase the number of responders. In 48 patients with heart failure, the acute haemodynamic effects ...
Healey Jeffrey S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several randomized trials have compared atrial-based (dual-chamber or atrial) pacing with ventricular pacing in patients with bradycardia. No trial has shown a mortality reduction, and only 1 small trial suggested a reduction in stroke. The goal of this review was to determine whether atrial-based pacing prevents major cardiovascular events. ...
Wilson Brian L - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine if electronic apex locators (EAL) or electric pulp testers (EPT) interfere with the function of implanted cardiac pacemakers (ICP) or cardioverter/defibrillators (ICD). Twenty-seven patients with ICPs or ICDs had continuous electrocardiogram monitoring and device interrogation to detect interferences during the use of ...
Cohen Mitchell I - - 2006
Limited data exist on the utilization of a transvenous A-sense; V-pace/sense (VDD)pacing system with a chronically retained nonfunctioning endocardial V-sense/pace (VVI)pacing lead. In an acute canine model, no atrial oversensing was observed with lead-lead interaction between the VDD lead and the pseudo-retained VVI lead. Undersensing occurred <10% of all beats ...
Herweg Bengt - - 2006
We report three patients with cardiomyopathy and pronounced stimulus to QRS latency during left ventricular (LV) pacing from an epicardial cardiac vein. Delayed LV activation during simultaneous biventricular pacing produced an electrocardiographic pattern dominated by right ventricular stimulation. Hemodynamic parameters improved immediately after advancing LV stimulation (in one patient) or ...
Sauer William H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of increasing LV pacing output on interventricular timing in patients with biventricular pacing systems. BACKGROUND: Clinical improvement with biventricular pacing is likely related to reduction in ventricular dysynchrony in patients with cardiomyopathy. We hypothesized that increasing left ventricular pacing output would reduce interventricular conduction time ...
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