Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1680
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Petraco Ricardo R International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London and Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
To evaluate the classification agreement between instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with angiographic intermediate coronary stenoses. Three hundred and twelve patients (339 stenoses) with angiographically intermediate stenoses were included in this international clinical registry. The iFR was calculated using fully automated algorithms. The receiver ...
Luijkx T - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) trabeculation may be more pronounced in ethnic African than in Caucasian (European) athletes, leading to possible incorrect diagnosis of left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). This study investigates ethnic differences in LV hypertrabeculation amongst elite athletes with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and electrocardiography (ECG). 38 elite male football ...
Regueiro Ander - - 2012
Abstract. Early reperfusion of the occluded artery is the mainstay of the treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and the best way to coordinate the resources to deliver optimal care as soon as possible is through STEMI networks. Coordination of the healthcare system is the responsibility of each of ...
De Luca Leonardo - - 2012
Abstract. Italy was one of the first countries in Europe to perform primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) and some regions are still a model for the ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) network organisation. However, in Italy, as in other European countries, some regional disparities have emerged which are related to geographical, ...
Rahme Ralph - - 2013
Malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarctions are thought to be rare in children. In a recent hospital-based study, only 1.3 % of pediatric ischemic strokes were malignant MCA infarctions. However, population-based rates have not been published. We performed subgroup analysis of a population-based study to determine the rate of malignant MCA ...
Wijeysundera Duminda N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend that non-cardiac surgery be delayed until 30 to 45 days after bare-metal stent implantation and one-year after drug-eluting stent implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used linked registry data and population-based administrative healthcare databases to conduct a cohort study of 8116 patients (≥40 years) who underwent major elective ...
Poppe Katrina K - - 2012
Current recommended reference ranges for echocardiographic measurements may not be relevant to the diverse world population they are applied to. A new study, the echocardiographic normal reference ranges of the left heart (EchoNoRMAL) study, is an individual person data meta-analysis of standard echocardiographic measurements which aims to re-define normal reference ...
Antonsen Lisbeth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) constitute a particular risk group in relation to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). OBJECTIVE: We examined the proportion of octogenarians and nonagenarians undergoing PPCI in Western Denmark, and their short- and long-term mortality rates. METHODS: From 2002 to 2009 all consecutive ...
Fransen van de Putte Dietje E - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is reported to be lower in haemophilia patients than in the general population, but information on the occurrence of non-fatal CVD is lacking. The aim of our study was to assess CVD history in a cohort of living haemophilia patients. Retrospective data on the occurrence of ...
Sato Yukihito - - 2012
The Joint European Society of Cardiology-American College of Cardiology Foundation-American Heart Association-World Heart Federation Task Force for the Redefinition of Myocardial Infarction recommends cardiac troponin (cTn)-T as a first-line biomarker, and suggests the use of the 99th percentile of a reference population with acceptable precision (i.e. a coefficient of variance ...
Yousaf Fahad F Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 5PL, - - 2012
Heart failure (HF) prevalence rises sharply among those aged 85 years and over. Previous population based echocardiographic studies of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, the substrate for HF, have included only small numbers in this age group. We used domiciliary echocardiography to estimate the prevalence of LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction ...
Manuel González-Rosa Juan - - 2012
Myocardial infarction (MI) leads to a severe loss of cardiomyocytes, which in mammals are replaced by scar tissue. Epicardial derived cells (EPDCs) have been reported to differentiate into cardiomyocytes during development, and proposed to have cardiomyogenic potential in the adult heart. However, mouse MI models reveal little if any contribution ...
Wong Timothy C - - 2012
Extracellular matrix expansion may be a fundamental feature of adverse myocardial remodeling, it appears to be treatable, and its measurement may improve risk stratification. Yet, the relationship between mortality and extracellular matrix is not clear because of difficulties with its measurement. To assess its relationship with outcomes, we used novel, ...
Armstrong Gregory T - - 2012
To compare two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography, the current method of screening for treatment-related cardiomyopathy recommended by the Children's Oncology Group Guidelines, to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, the reference standard for left ventricular (LV) function. Cross-sectional, contemporaneous evaluation of LV structure and function by 2D and three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography and CMR ...
Lu Jimmy C - - 2012
In patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF), left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) predicts adverse outcomes. Two-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE) methods of measuring LVEF require geometric assumptions and may be limited in this population due to altered ventricular geometry. This study evaluated the performance of the 5/6 area × length (AL) method in this ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2012
Mortality in dialysis patients remains high due to excessive cardiovascular disease burden from coronary artery disease, left ventricular hypertrophy, and heart failure. Thus, cardiovascular risk stratification is an important aspect in managing dialysis patients; it may enable early identification of high-risk patients to optimize therapeutic interventions that may ultimately lower ...
Kabutoya Tomoyuki - - 2012
Background: There have been few reports on the relationship between P-wave characteristics and long-term cardiovascular events. Methods: A nested case-control study was conducted as part of the Jichi Medical School cohort study, which enrolled 12,490 subjects in a community-dwelling population. The mean follow-up period was 10.7 years. The P-wave characteristics ...
Schmeida Mary - - 2012
PURPOSE OF STUDY:: Heart failure readmission among the elderly is frequent and costly to both the patient and the Medicare trust fund. In this study, the authors explore the factors that are associated with states having heart failure readmission rates that are higher than the U.S. national rate. PRIMARY PRACTICE ...
Kronborg Mads Brix - - 2012
Cardiac pacing is the only effective treatment for patients with symptomatic sinus node disease (SND). The majority of patients with SND have several risk factors associated with development of atrial fibrillation (AF) at the time of pacemaker implantation and are therefore considered a high-risk population. Patients with SND can be ...
De Smedt Delphine - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity and reliability of the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D), the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12v2), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in a stable coronary population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study EUROASPIRE III. SETTING: Quality of life data (QoL) were available on 8745 patients hospitalized for coronary ...
Tan Timothy C - - 2012
Heart failure is a condition which has an increasing incidence as the population ages, leading to increasing prevalence globally and in Australia. This condition also carries very high morbidity and mortality rates, attributed in part to electrical conduction disturbances which lead to sudden cardiac death or pathophysiological cardiac changes due ...
Poghosyan Hermine R - - 2012
AIMS: Reduction of unnecessary ventricular pacing (uVP) is an essential component in the treatment strategy in any pacing population in general. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of different algorithms to reduce uVP in an adult population with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) treated outside of clinical ...
Welsh Robert C - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibrinolysis remains a key therapeutic alternative mode of reperfusion in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Its venerability relates to the wealth of clinical efficacy evidence, ease of administration, and broad applicability to the large number of patients who cannot receive mechanical reperfusion within a ...
Lemos Pedro A - - 2012
Aims: The long-term clinical performance of drug-eluting stents (DES) coated with biodegradable polymers is poorly known. Methods and results: A total of 274 coronary patients were randomly allocated to paclitaxel-eluting stents, sirolimus-eluting stents, or bare metal stents (2:2:1 ratio). The two DES used the same biodegradable polymers and were identical ...
Ravensbergen H J C - - 2012
PURPOSE: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) have an increased risk of cardiac arrhythmias, particularly during autonomic dysreflexia (acute hypertensive episodes). This may be partly due to impaired autonomic control of the heart after SCI. The interval between the peak and end of the T-wave of the electrocardiograph (ECG) provides ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2012
: Upper reference values of echocardiographic left-ventricular mass in the European population are based on scanty data mostly derived from northern European population-based samples. Furthermore, data in apparently healthy populations have included individuals with conditions affecting left-ventricular mass such as obesity, diabetes and masked hypertension. Thus, from 1051 individuals with ...
Wessels Andy A Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. - - 2012
The importance of the epicardium for myocardial and valvuloseptal development has been well established; perturbation of epicardial development results in cardiac abnormalities, including thinning of the ventricular myocardial wall and malformations of the atrioventricular valvuloseptal complex. To determine the spatiotemporal contribution of epicardially derived cells to the developing fibroblast population ...
Grover Suchi - - 2012
Patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and multi-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk during revascularisation, however they are also likely to derive the most benefit. Historically, the detection of dysfunctional but potentially viable myocardium ('stunned or hibernating myocardium') has been central to the decision-making regarding revascularisation. ...
Kamstrup Pia R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], considered a causal risk factor for cardiovascular disease, primarily promotes thrombosis or atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a Mendelian randomization study design, we measured plasma Lp(a) and genetically elevated Lp(a) levels through the LPA kringle IV type ...
Espinoza Andreas - - 2012
The internal mammary artery (IMA) is routinely used for grafting of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), providing good flow to the anterior left ventricle (LV) wall. Impeded IMA-to-LAD flow may result in myocardial ischaemia and haemodynamic deterioration. From a study population, we describe two incidents where myocardial ischaemia ...
Davis Russell C - - 2012
AIMS: To establish the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population in the UK, and in those with risk factors.METHODS AND RESULTS: The prevalence of AF on electrocardiography was established in prospectively selected groups: 3960 randomly selected from the population, aged 45+; 782 with a previous diagnosis of ...
Nicolau José Carlos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known in our country about regional differences in the treatment of acute coronary disease. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the behavior regarding the use of demonstrably effective regional therapies in acute coronary disease. METHODS: A total of 71 hospitals were randomly selected, respecting the proportionality of the country in ...
Dobrev Dobromir - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia, and is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality in the general population. Current treatments have moderate efficacy and considerable risks, especially of pro-arrhythmia, highlighting the need for new therapeutic strategies. In recent years, substantial efforts have been invested in developing ...
Costa Salvatore P - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease is now widely accepted as an independent risk factor for coronary disease and the dialysis population may represent the highest risk subgroup. Among all dialysis patients, a cardiac cause of mortality has been estimated at 40%. In addition, prior studies have demonstrated that when cardiac catheterization is ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested that African Americans with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have increased bleeding risks with fibrinolysis relative to Caucasians, yet these data were quite limited. Additionally, it is unknown whether there are racial differences in bleeding risks among STEMI patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Di Paolo Fernando M - - 2012
The goal of this study was to define electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic characteristics of adolescent African athletes. Recent observations in African athletes reported large prevalence of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and ECG abnormalities. No data, so far, exist for adolescent Africans, which comprise a growing proportion of competitive/professional athletes. The ...
Szczech Lynda A - - 2012
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation is much greater among persons with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than among the general population. While significant advances have been made recently in the treatment of atrial fibrillation in the general population, we know very little about the treatment of atrial fibrillation among those with ...
Baena Cristina Pellegrino - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) is the single leading cause of death among non-transmitted chronic diseases in Brazil. The knowledge of mortality trends is necessary for planning prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in mortality from myocardial infarction in the period from 1998 to 2009 in Curitiba (PR), their distribution ...
Oliveira Lucas Hollanda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence and clinical importance of atrial fibrillation (AF), there is no Brazilian study about the clinical profile of patients with AF and the most used treatment strategy (heart rhythm control vs. heart rate control) for them. OBJECTIVE: To assess the most used treatment strategy for AF ...
Teixeira Rogério - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel requires oxidation dependent on the cytochrome P450 enzyme 2C19 (CYP2C19) to form its active metabolite. The importance of loss-of-function alleles (particularly CYP2C19*2, 681G>A) in poor platelet response to clopidogrel is well recognized. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and prognostic impact of the CYP2C19*2 allele in a local acute ...
Nicolini Paola - - 2012
Heart rate variability (HRV) is the temporal beat-to-beat variation in successive RR intervals on an electrocardiographic (ECG) recording and it reflects the regulation of the heart rate (HR) by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). HRV analysis is a noninvasive tool for the assessment of autonomic function that gained momentum in ...
Yeh Robert W - - 2012
Improvements in prevention have led to declines in incidence and mortality of myocardial infarction (MI) in selected populations. However, no studies have examined regional differences in recent trends in MI incidence, and few have examined whether known regional disparities in MI care have narrowed over time. We compared trends in ...
Esquitin Ricardo - - 2012
Although electrocardiographic criteria for diagnosing left ventricular hypertrophy have a low sensitivity in the general population, their test characteristics have not been evaluated in the high-prevalence group of American Americans with chronic kidney disease. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate these test characteristics among African Americans (n ...
Punn Rajesh - - 2012
Multiple echocardiographic techniques have been utilized to quantify systolic function. The shortening and ejection fraction remain the most commonly used and accepted methods. However, these measures are affected by altered loading conditions, and are not applicable when ventricular geometry differs from the prolate ellipsoid typical of a left ventricle. Mitral ...
Xu Chao - - 2012
Objectives: Vessel size imaging is a novel technique to evaluate pathological changes of the microvessel density quantity Q and the mean vessel size index (VSI). As a follow-up study, we assessed these parameters for microscopic description of ischemic penumbra and their potentials in predicting lesion growth. Methods: Seventy-five patients with ...
Lu Jimmy C - - 2012
Left ventricular systolic function is an important indicator of clinical well-being and outcomes for patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). This study tested the hypothesis that left ventricular diastolic function by pulsed-wave tissue Doppler is associated with quality of life in this population. In this study, 38 subjects (age, ...
Maluenda Gabriel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The optimal percutaneous treatment of drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR) and the correlates for recurrent DES ISR remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2003 to 2008, 563 patients presenting with recurrent symptoms of ischemia and angiographic ISR after DES implantation were included. Of these, 327 were treated with ...
Santangelo Antonino - - 2012
The development of cardiovascular pathologies is potentially connected to the surrounding environment, partly due to purely environmental factors, like exposition to pollutions, or anthropological ones, like the type of manual or stressing working activities. The relevant literature has already widely discussed the correlation between the acute and chronic exposition to ...
Clarke Brian - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Death and hospitalization for acutely decompensated heart failure are predominantly due to volume overload, have increased in the past 10 years, carry poor outcomes, and are costly to the healthcare system. Clinical monitoring with daily weight and symptoms is relatively insensitive for early detection of volume overload. ...
Paiva R P - - 2012
Systolic time intervals are highly correlated to fundamental cardiac functions. Several studies have shown that these measurements have significant diagnostic and prognostic value in heart failure condition and are adequate for long-term patient follow-up and disease management. In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of using heart sound (HS) to ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >