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Aso Shin-Ichi - - 2011
The in-hospital mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is improving. In Japan, little information exists concerning the incidence and mortality of AMI. Therefore, our population-based analysis examined the incidence and mortality rate in AMI cases in individuals that lived in the Matsumoto region in 2002. We studied 169 AMI ...
Penn Marc S - - 2011
Amphibians and zebrafish are able to regenerate lost myocardial tissue without loss of cardiac function; whereas mammals, in response to myocardial injury, develop scar and lose cardiac function. This dichotomy of response has been thought to be due to the fact that adult mammalian cardiac myocytes are multinucleated and have ...
Agarwal Subhashish - - 2011
Introduction. Reduced kidney function, approximated by elevated cystatin C, is associated with diastolic dysfunction, heart failure, and cardiovascular mortality; however, the precise mechanism(s) that account for these relationships remains unclear. Understanding the relationship between cystatin C and subclinical left ventricular (LV) remodeling, across ethnically diverse populations, may help explain the ...
Izumi R - - 2011
This study assessed the diagnostic value of QT dispersion for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) as determined by echocardiography. The QT and QRS interval parameters were determined automatically using computerized 12-lead electrocardiography in 153 Japanese out-patients. Corrected QT dispersion (QTcD) and maximal QRS duration (MaxQRS) were significantly correlated with left ventricular ...
Yoshino Tomohide - - 2011
1. Coronary endothelial function and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) are independent predictors of cardiovascular events. Thus, in the present study we examined the relationship between baPWV and endothelium-dependent and -independent coronary vasodilatory functions. 2. Sixty-five patients (12 diabetic and 53 non-diabetic) with no significant stenosis of the coronary artery ...
Clement Fiona M - - 2011
There is variation in cardiac catheterization utilization across jurisdictions. Previous work from Alberta, Canada, showed no evidence of a plateau in the yield of high-risk disease at cardiac catheterization rates as high as 600 per 100,000 population suggesting that the optimal rate is higher. This work aims 1) To determine ...
Gill Paramjit S - - 2011
Limited data exists on the prevalence of heart failure amongst minority groups in the UK. To document the community prevalence and severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, amongst the South Asian and Black African-Caribbean groups in the UK. We conducted a cross-sectional study recruiting from ...
Clement Fiona M - - 2011
Increasing population rates of cardiac catheterization can lead to the detection of more people with high risk coronary disease and opportunity for subsequent revascularization. However, such a strategy should only be undertaken if it is cost-effective. Based on data from a cohort of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, and efficacy data ...
Sanfilippo Frank M - - 2011
Troponins (highly sensitive biomarkers of myocardial damage) increase counts of myocardial infarction (MI) in clinical practice, but their impact on trends in admission rates for MI in National statistics is uncertain. Cases coded as MI or other cardiac diagnoses in the Hospital Morbidity Data Collection (MI-HMDC) in Western Australia in ...
Schelbert Erik B - - 2011
Myocardial extravascular extracellular volume fraction (Ve) measures quantify diffuse fibrosis not readily detectable by conventional late gadolinium (Gd) enhancement (LGE). Ve measurement requires steady state equilibrium between plasma and interstitial Gd contrast. While a constant infusion produces steady state, it is unclear whether a simple bolus can do the same. ...
Ho Thomas C T TC Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore, Singapore 138632. - - 2011
"Musica delenit bestiam feram" translates into "Music soothes the savage beast". There is a hidden truth in this ancient quip passed down from generations. Besides soothing the heart, it also incites the heart to a healthier level of heart rate variability (HRV). In this paper, an approach to use and ...
Gold Michael R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is most commonly performed with biventricular (BiV) pacing. Left ventricular (LV) only pacing is an alternative pacing configuration for CRT, but comparative studies with BiV pacing have shown inconsistent results. This may be due to differences in LV activation pattern which could be differentially affected ...
Harada Masahide - - 2011
Congestive heart failure (CHF) predisposes to ventricular fibrillation (VF) in association with electrical remodeling of the ventricle. However, much remains unknown about the rate-dependent electrophysiological properties in a failing heart. Action potential properties in the left ventricular subepicardial muscles during dynamic pacing were examined with optical mapping in pacing-induced CHF ...
Schnorr B - - 2010
This article addresses current pacing practices and issues. Pacing, sensing, sensing amplifiers, and pacing leads are discussed. Cardiac resynchronization is reviewed. Issues of ventricular pacing avoidance, pacemaker lead infections, ionizing radiation effects on pacing and pacing issues after deterioration and expiration of the patient are considered.
Baher Alex A AA Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2011
Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (BVT), which is characterized by an alternating beat-to-beat ECG QRS axis, is a rare but intriguing arrhythmia associated with digitalis toxicity, familial catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), and several other conditions that predispose cardiac myocytes to delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) and triggered activity. Evidence from human and animal ...
Yasuoka Yoshinori - - 2011
Background: Interatrial septum pacing (IAS-P) decreases atrial conduction delay compared with right atrial appendage pacing (RAA-P). We evaluate the atrial contraction with strain rate of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) during sinus activation or with IAS-P or RAA-P. Methods: Fifty-two patients with permanent pacemaker for sinus node disease were enrolled in ...
Robich Michael P - - 2010
Non-selective NSAIDs and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors are purported to increase adverse cardiovascular events. We hypothesized COX-2 inhibitors would alter myocardial blood flow, microvascular reactivity, oxidative stress, and prostaglandin levels. Adult Yorkshire swine were divided into three groups: no drug (control, n=7), a non-selective COX inhibitor (naproxen 400mg daily, NAP, ...
Mujib Marjan - - 2010
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a predictor of incident heart failure (HF). However, baseline LVEF is often unavailable in population studies of HF. METERIAL AND METHODS: Of the 5324 Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) participants free of baseline HF, 143 (3%) had LVEF < 45% and 1091 (21%) developed HF ...
Miner Steven E S - - 2010
Intracoronary infusions of acetylcholine (ACh) and the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA) are routinely used to assess endothelial function in the human coronary circulation. Currently, there are no studies that examine whether the response to one of these agents predicts the response to the other in a given ...
Reriani Martin M Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Rochester, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
Endothelin (ET-1) is one of the most potent vasoconstrictors and plays a seminal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that long-term treatment with an endothelin-A (ET(A)) receptor antagonist improves coronary endothelial function in patients with early coronary atherosclerosis. Forty-seven patients with ...
Hirzinger Corinna - - 2010
Sudden cardiac death in athletes is rare but has a wide social impact because it confronts the general population with the paradox that athletes perceived and admired as the fittest and healthiest suddenly drop dead during their sport. Mass media coverage is guaranteed in the case of sudden cardiac death ...
Tona F - - 2010
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in heart transplantation (HT). We sought to investigate the role of coronary flow reserve (CFR) by contrast-enhanced transthoracic echocardiography (CE-TTE) in CAV diagnosis. CAV was defined as maximal intimal thickness (MIT) assessed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) > or ...
Look C - - 2011
Background:Obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases including systemic hypertension, coronary artery disease and heart failure. Despite several investigations the pathophysiological mechanisms involved remain unclear. We have previously shown that adipose tissue exerts a highly potent activity with an acute depressant effect on cardiomyocytes, thus suggesting direct involvement of adipose ...
Patel Billal - - 2010
The coronary microcirculation regulates blood flow by responding to increased cardiac metabolic demands. Despite this important role, study of the microcirculation has been neglected for many years. This is because it is difficult to evaluate the function of this compartment, and doing so conflicts with the current clinical practice of ...
Rutz Tobias - - 2010
A consequence in patients with d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and right ventricular failure. Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) permits the determination of the myocardial microvascular density reflected by the relative myocardial blood volume (rBV; ml/ml). This study was conducted ...
Zanstra Ydwine Jieldouw YJ Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA. - - 2010
Prior research has shown that appraisals are predictive of hemodynamic reaction patterns. The current study examined the relationship between appraisal and hemodynamic responding in a real-life stressful situation. Twenty-four men aged 19-28 wore a blood pressure monitor while presenting a paper in a class. Participant's appraisal self-reports were obtained prior ...
Tosaka Reiko - - 2010
Deliberate mild hypothermia (MHT) is applied for cerebroprotection after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and during cardiac surgery. MHT has been shown to alter both contractility and relaxation of blood vessels in the brain. However, the effects of MHT on drug-induced vasodilation are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to ...
Coutsos Matthew - - 2010
Muscle metaboreflex activation during dynamic exercise induces a substantial increase in cardiac work and oxygen demand via a significant increase in heart rate, ventricular contractility, and afterload. This increase in cardiac work should cause coronary metabolic vasodilation. However, little if any coronary vasodilation is observed due to concomitant sympathetically induced ...
Japp A G AG Department of Cardiology, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2010
Apelin, the endogenous ligand for the novel G protein-coupled receptor APJ, has major cardiovascular effects in preclinical models. The study objectives were to establish the effects of acute apelin administration on peripheral, cardiac, and systemic hemodynamic variables in healthy volunteers and patients with heart failure. Eighteen patients with New York ...
Cano-Martínez Agustina - - 2010
"In the present study we evaluated the effect of partial ventricular amputation (PVA) in the heart of the adult urodele amphibian (Ambystoma mexicanum) in vivo on spontaneous heart contractile activity recorded in vitro in association to the structural recovery at one, five, 30 and 90 days after injury. One day ...
Hage Fadi G - - 2010
Adenosine and regadenoson cause an increase in heart rate (HR) during myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). It has been shown that patients with diabetes mellitus have a blunted HR response due to cardiac autonomic dysfunction. It is not known whether the HR response is related to hyperglycemia and the metabolic syndrome ...
Meerkin David - - 2010
The absence of antegrade flow in a coronary artery during an intervention is an ominous finding requiring diagnosis of the underlying cause and rapid treatment to limit myocardial necrosis. The Twin-Pass dual access catheter allows for distal coronary contrast injection without loss of wire position. The aim of this analysis ...
Saihara Keishi - - 2010
An unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanism by which lifestyle influences the development of cardiovascular disease remains unclear. Since coronary endothelial function is a predictor of cardiovascular prognosis, the goal of this study was to characterize the effect of enjoying hobbies on coronary endothelial ...
Veres G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that pharmacological preconditioning with a newly developed, potent non-adenosine analogue A1AdoR agonist (BR-4935) improves biventricular cardiac and endothelial function after cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Twelve anesthetized dogs underwent cardiopulmonary bypass. Dogs were divided into two groups: group 1 (n = 6) received saline vehicle, group 2 ...
Grover Gurprit - - 2010
This paper is concerned with the development of an illness-death model for the study of survivability of heart patients. The Myocardial Infarctions (MI) experienced in heart disease have been categorized as fatal and nonfatal. Fatal MI's are easily recognizable and identified and are always reported in the case history of ...
Harig Frank - - 2010
In ischemic hearts, venous retroperfusion is a potential myocardial revascularization strategy. This study aimed to refine the technical and functional aspects of a pig model of acute myocardial infarction and retroperfusion with respect to the azygos connection. Global retroperfusion after ligation of the ramus interventricularis paraconalis (equivalent to the left ...
Angelone T - - 2011
Moderate red wine consumption associates with lower incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Attention to the source of this cardioprotection was focused on flavonoids, the non-alcoholic component of the red wine, whose intake inversely correlates with adverse cardiovascular events. We analysed whether two red wine flavonoids, quercetin and myricetin, affect mammalian basal ...
Sadamatsu Kenji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Microvascular dysfunction has been proposed as the most likely mechanism of the coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP). OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of isosorbide dinitrate and nicorandil on the CSFP. METHODS: Changes in thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count following the intracoronary administration of isosorbide dinitrate and nicorandil ...
Rosic Mirko - - 2010
The myocardial reperfusion following ischemia leads to the ischemic vasodilation by affecting the release of various vasoactive substances, such as free radicals, NO, and histamine. In addition, some evidences suggest that glucagon itself may alter the release of those substances. In this study, we investigated the ischemic vasodilation of the ...
De Rosa R - - 2011
Coronary flow reserve is a useful physiologic parameter providing information on coronary stenoses severity. To date, the gold standard to evaluate coronary flow reserve consists of fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement, assessed with a pressure-wire. The FFR has a high lesion specificity, due to insensitivity to patient hemodynamic status and ...
Tamaki Nagara - - 2010
Cardiac PET has the unique ability to assess coronary flow reserve and coronary endothelial function on the basis of response of blood flow to pharmacological stress and the cold pressor test. Quantitative analysis of coronary vasomotor function is valuable for precise assessment of function and treatment monitoring in the presence ...
Rubinshtein Ronen R Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, MB 4-523, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
The study aim was to evaluate the relation between the Framingham risk score (FRS) and the presence of coronary risk factors to coronary microcirculatory vasodilator function in patients with early coronary atherosclerosis. We evaluated 1063 patients (age: 50 +/- 12 years, 676 (64%) females) without significant narrowing (<30%) on coronary ...
Vaccarino Viola V Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA. - - 2009
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD), but the mechanisms are unclear. The presence of MDD may increase CHD risk by affecting microvascular circulation. It is also plausible that genetic factors influencing MDD may overlap with those for CHD. We sought to examine the relationship between ...
Nagy Andrea - - 2009
Intrapericardial (IP) administration of certain cardioactive agents allows investigation of local pharmacological actions on the heart and may carry potential benefit to influence myocardial function. The cardioprotective adenosine (ADO) and inosine (INO) may be the most representative candidates. Elimination and cardiovascular effects of IP and intravenously (IV) applied ADO and ...
Salcedo Jonathan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this review are to examine the biochemical features of theophylline, caffeine, adenosine, and dipyridamole, their effects on coronary hyperemia, and to make recommendations on performing hyperemic lesion assessment after taking caffeine or theophylline. BACKGROUND: It is commonly thought that caffeine and theophylline interfere with adenosine and ...
Jensen Brian C BC San Francisco VA Medical Center, California 94121, - - 2009
The goal was to identify alpha-1-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes in human coronary arteries. The alpha1-ARs regulate human coronary blood flow. The alpha1-ARs exist as 3 molecular subtypes, alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D, and the alpha1D subtype mediates coronary vasoconstriction in the mouse. However, the alpha1A is thought to be the only ...
Lynch Joseph J - - 2009
The triptans, serotonin 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor agonists exemplified by sumatriptan, are a mainstay migraine therapy but have class labeling contraindicating their use in patients with coronary artery disease. Triptans constrict human coronary artery in vitro, and there are case reports of myocardial infarction in patients using sumatriptan. However, preclinical studies with ...
Garofalo F - - 2009
The Frank-Starling mechanism is a fundamental property of the vertebrate heart, which allows the myocardium to respond to increased filling pressure with a more vigorous contraction of its lengthened fibres. In mammals, myocardial stretch increases cardiac nitric oxide (NO) release from both vascular endothelium and cardiomyocytes. This facilitates myocardial relaxation ...
Han Seung Hwan SH Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
The relationship between coronary endothelial function and coronary calcification is not well established. Forty-six patients 17 men [37%]; age, 47.4+/-11.4 years prospectively underwent testing for coronary endothelial function and measurement of coronary artery calcification (CAC). Log CAC scores were not significantly different between patients with normal (n=31) and abnormal (n=15) ...
Escobales Nelson - - 2009
Coronary vasospasms have been reported in the early stages of cardiomyopathy in the Syrian cardiomyopathic hamster (CM; BIO-TO2 strain). It has been proposed these alterations could lead to ischemic heart disease and heart failure. However, the cause of these coronary abnormalities has not been established. In this study, we evaluated ...
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