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Results 101 - 150 of 1681
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Venkitachalam Lakshmi - - 2011
Background- Although the benefits of drug-eluting stents (DES) for reducing restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention are well established, the impact of alternative rates of DES use on population-level outcomes is unknown. Methods and Results- We used data from the Evaluation of Drug Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events (EVENT) registry to ...
Seitz Michael J - - 2011
We present the case of a 48 year-old male with a history of cystic fibrosis who presented with massive haemoptysis and was later found to have Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. He subsequently developed a left ventricular (LV) thrombus which was successfully removed via a left apical ventriculotomy. Surgical management of LV thrombus ...
Hornstrup Louise S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by loss-of-function mutations in ABCC6, and characterized by elastic calcification leading to dermal, ocular, and ischemic vascular disease (IVD). We tested the hypothesis that heterozygosity for R1141X, the most frequent PXE-causing mutation in Caucasians, associated with risk of IVD, as ...
Riley Anne B - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia that increases in prevalence with age. As the general population grows older, general practitioners will more frequently see this disease in their clinic population. In order to most effectively treat these patients, physicians need to understand key issues, including the use of ...
Huynh Thao - - 2011
The primary objective of this report was to describe the infrastructures and processes of selected European and North American pre-hospital fibrinolysis (PHL) programs. A secondary objective is to report the outcome data of the PHL programs surveyed. Despite its benefit in reducing mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, ...
Herreros Jesus - - 2011
Heart failure currently constitutes one of the greatest health problems in the Western world. Its incidence, far from diminishing or even remaining stable, is actually still increasing in association with the aging of the population and its lifestyle. A better knowledge of physiopathological mechanisms has allowed for the development of ...
Nickel Thomas - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: The angiographic incidence of coronary dilatation (CD) in the nontransplant population is approximately 0.2% to 5%. The endothelial-dependent and -independent causes for CD are postulated. So far, the incidence and prognosis of CD after heart transplantation is unknown. METHODS.: We retrospectively analyzed the annual coronary angiographies of 688 heart ...
Graafen Dirk - - 2011
Myocardial blood flow (MBF) can be quantified using T(1)-weighted first-pass magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in combination with a tracer-kinetic model, like MMID4. This procedure requires the knowledge of an arterial input function which is usually estimated from the left ventricle (LV). Dispersion of the contrast agent bolus may occur between ...
Mountantonakis Stavros E - - 2011
Dramatic reductions in the rate of sudden cardiac death due to use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been well-established in several large randomized clinical trials including patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction. This article reviews the literature regarding ICD utilization in the postinfarction population, with a strong emphasis ...
Kato Tomoko S - - 2011
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are increasingly used for patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). We analyzed the effects of ventricular decompression by continuous-flow versus pulsatile-flow LVADs on myocardial structure and function in this population. Sixty-one patients who underwent LVAD implantation as bridge-to-transplant were analyzed (pulsatile-flow LVAD: group P, ...
Chenevier-Gobeaux Camille - - 2011
The recently developed, highly sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) immunoassay improves the detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, this assay requires further analytical and clinical evaluation. Imprecision, linearity, limits of quantification and interferences were evaluated; hs-cTnT was compared with a conventional cardiac troponin I assay (cTnI), performed on an ...
Bulmer Barret J - - 2011
Myocardial dysfunction is commonly encountered in humans, and presumably in dogs with sepsis and critical illness. This dysfunction contributes to increased mortality. With management of the underlying diseases and an understanding of the processes contributing to myocardial dysfunction, steps may be taken to mitigate the consequences of cardiac impairment. Clinical ...
Ehara Shoichi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical value of the apex beat and two ECG voltage criteria in the detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) while considering two distances, from the heart to the inner chest wall and to the chest surface, measured by using multislice CT ...
Hamilton Leslie E - - 2011
  Despite advances in the management of congenital heart disease (CHD), children with CHD who survive into adulthood are at increased risk of sudden death. Sudden death may also be the initial presentation of undiagnosed CHD in some adults. This retrospective descriptive study outlines the spectrum of CHD presenting as ...
Denktas Ali E - - 2011
Currently accepted standards for gauging quality of care in the treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) mainly focus on shortening the time to treatment after the patient arrives at the hospital. But this narrow focus fails to consider the substantial duration of myocardial ischemia that exists prior to hospital ...
Abu-Tailakh Muhammad - - 2011
The incidence and prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) among Bedouins living in the Negev region were very low until the 1960s. During the past 50 years this pattern has changed: in parallel to the changes in lifestyle and nutrition in the Bedouin population, a rapid increase in incidence and ...
Huang Jie - - 2011
The incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is higher in Northern than that in Southern China, however differences in traditional CHD risk factors do not fully explain this. No study has examined the differences in subclinical atherosclerosis that may help explain the differences in incidence. This study examined these differences ...
Wilson M G - - 2012
To evaluate the electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of West-Asian, black and Caucasian male athletes competing in Qatar using the 2010 recommendations for 12-lead ECG interpretation by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Cardiovascular screening with resting 12-lead ECG analysis of 1220 national level athletes (800 West-Asian, 300 black and 120 Caucasian) ...
Tsai Meng-Tsan - - 2011
Time-resolved optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanning images of wild-type and mutant fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster), illustrating the heartbeat patterns for evaluating their cardiac functions, are demonstrated. Based on the heartbeat patterns, the beat rate and the relative phase between the first two heart segments can be evaluated. The OCT scanning ...
Hatmi Z N - - 2011
Psychosocial factors such as depression, hostility, social isolation are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. We aimed to determine the association of psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial factors with myocardial infarction (Ml). We performed a secondary analysis of data from a population-based survey of Iranians aged 18-15 years using ...
Fiuzat M - - 2011
β-Adrenoceptor antagonists or β-blockers are a cornerstone of therapy in chronic heart failure (CHF). Bucindolol hydrochloride is a fourth-generation β-blocker in development for the treatment of CHF. Two trials have been conducted to evaluate its use in CHF, and a third is under way to investigate bucindolol for the reduction ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2011
A single stent crossover technique is the most common approach to treating bifurcation lesions. In 90 bifurcation lesions with side branch (SB) angiographic diameter stenosis <75%, we assessed preintervention intravascular ultrasound (IVUS; of main branch [MB] and SB) predictors for SB compromise (fractional flow reserve [FFR] <0.80) after a single ...
Nakao Shu - - 2011
An 11-month-old, 3 kg, female domestic shorthair cat was referred to evaluate cardiac structure and function. Echocardiography revealed the membrane dividing the left atrium into two chambers, a large defect in the lower part of the atrial septum, and turbulent blood flow from the distal left atrium into the right ...
Vichova Z - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to test the hypotheses that in the postoperative period following corrective surgery for congenital heart defects: (i) atrio-right ventricular (RA-RV) pacing decreases cardiac output (CO) compared with right atrial (RA) pacing, (ii) atrio-biventricular (RA-BiV) and left ventricular (RA-LV) pacing improves CO compared with ...
Kurisu Kazuhiro - - 2011
Development of atrial fibrillation is one of the primary indicators of cor triatriatum in adults. Here we describe a case of a patient suffering cor triatriatum coexistent with frequent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Paroxysms of arrhythmia were not encountered after surgical correction. Resection of an anomalous membranous septum may have contributed ...
Mower Morton M - - 2011
Background: The physiological effects of biphasic pacing have not been studied in compromised hearts. Methods: Myocardial infarction was induced in 12 sheep by high coronary artery ligation. Perioperative mortality was 33%. The surviving eight animals exhibited increased left ventricular volume and reduced percent fractional shortening. Two weeks after the infarction, ...
Kaneko Tsuyoshi - - 2011
Persistent left superior vena cava is known to be associated with cor triatriatum. The persistent left superior vena cava drains into a dilated coronary sinus and can cause left atrial outflow obstruction by impinging on the posterior wall of the left atrium. Residual obstruction can persist, even after surgical resection ...
Tsvetkova Alena S - - 2011
Aims To determine the repolarization duration gradients in different ventricular regions at atrial and ventricular pacing and to test the hypothesis that acute haemodynamic response to ventricular pacing is related to the lead position with respect to repolarization gradients. Methods and results Repolarization durations estimated as activation-recovery intervals (ARIs) were ...
Sharif Dawod - - 2011
Background: QRS width and echocardiography-derived indices are limited predictors of response to resynchronization therapy. We applied digital palpography, using vibration resonance imaging, to investigate the effects of right ventricular pacing and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on mechanical and electrical dyssynchrony. Methods: Forty-nine subjects were examined: 24 normal controls, 18 ...
Heinroth Konstantin M - - 2011
Bradycardia complicating percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can require temporary pacing. A transcoronary approach using the guidewire in the coronary artery may be a useful alternative to transvenous pacing. The purpose of the present study was to compare the efficacy of two different coronary guidewires in transcoronary pacing: a novel guidewire ...
Kapoor Aditya - - 2011
The use of temporary epicardial pacing wires during cardiac surgery is a routine procedure and has been associated with low morbidity. We describe a rare case of right paracardiac mass due to organized pericardial hematoma with right atrial compression around the epicardial pacing wires left in-situ, presenting three months following ...
António Marta - - 2011
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare and potentially progressive cardiomyopathy, characterized by the persistence of multiple trabeculations and deep intratrabecular recesses in the ventricular myocardium. Although two-dimensional and color Doppler echocardiography are the most useful diagnostic modalities, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has proved to have high sensitivity and specificity ...
Choy Anna Maria - - 2011
Aims Clinical trial data show that right ventricular pacing worsens cardiovascular outcomes. The underlying pathophysiology of this is undetermined. We studied the effects of right ventricular pacing on cardiac measures of vascular health (endothelial function), ventricular wall stress (B-type natriuretic peptide), and cardiac reserve (cardiac output response to exercise) in ...
Shome Joy - - 2011
Single site left ventricular (LV) pacing in the absence of intrinsic ventricular activity can be as detrimental to LV function as right ventricular apical pacing. This report describes a patient with complete heart block who developed significant dyssynchrony and cardiomyopathy secondary to single site lateral LV pacing. The process was ...
Occhetta Eraldo - - 2011
The right atrial appendage (RAA) and right ventricular apex (RVA) have been widely considered as conventional sites for typical dual-chamber atrio-ventricular cardiac (DDD) pacing. Unfortunately conventional RAA pacing seems not to be able to prevent atrial fibrillation in DDD pacing for tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome, and the presence of a left bundle ...
Levin Vadim - - 2011
Background: Echocardiographic optimization of the atrioventricular delay (AV) may result in improvement in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) outcome. Optimal AV has been shown to correlate with interatrial conduction time (IACT) during right atrial pacing. This study aimed to prospectively validate the correlation at different paced heart rates and examine it ...
Aso Shin-Ichi - - 2011
The in-hospital mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is improving. In Japan, little information exists concerning the incidence and mortality of AMI. Therefore, our population-based analysis examined the incidence and mortality rate in AMI cases in individuals that lived in the Matsumoto region in 2002. We studied 169 AMI ...
Penn Marc S - - 2011
Amphibians and zebrafish are able to regenerate lost myocardial tissue without loss of cardiac function; whereas mammals, in response to myocardial injury, develop scar and lose cardiac function. This dichotomy of response has been thought to be due to the fact that adult mammalian cardiac myocytes are multinucleated and have ...
Agarwal Subhashish - - 2011
Introduction. Reduced kidney function, approximated by elevated cystatin C, is associated with diastolic dysfunction, heart failure, and cardiovascular mortality; however, the precise mechanism(s) that account for these relationships remains unclear. Understanding the relationship between cystatin C and subclinical left ventricular (LV) remodeling, across ethnically diverse populations, may help explain the ...
Izumi R - - 2011
This study assessed the diagnostic value of QT dispersion for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) as determined by echocardiography. The QT and QRS interval parameters were determined automatically using computerized 12-lead electrocardiography in 153 Japanese out-patients. Corrected QT dispersion (QTcD) and maximal QRS duration (MaxQRS) were significantly correlated with left ventricular ...
Yoshino Tomohide - - 2011
1. Coronary endothelial function and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) are independent predictors of cardiovascular events. Thus, in the present study we examined the relationship between baPWV and endothelium-dependent and -independent coronary vasodilatory functions. 2. Sixty-five patients (12 diabetic and 53 non-diabetic) with no significant stenosis of the coronary artery ...
Clement Fiona M - - 2011
There is variation in cardiac catheterization utilization across jurisdictions. Previous work from Alberta, Canada, showed no evidence of a plateau in the yield of high-risk disease at cardiac catheterization rates as high as 600 per 100,000 population suggesting that the optimal rate is higher. This work aims 1) To determine ...
Gill Paramjit S - - 2011
Limited data exists on the prevalence of heart failure amongst minority groups in the UK. To document the community prevalence and severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, amongst the South Asian and Black African-Caribbean groups in the UK. We conducted a cross-sectional study recruiting from ...
Clement Fiona M - - 2011
Increasing population rates of cardiac catheterization can lead to the detection of more people with high risk coronary disease and opportunity for subsequent revascularization. However, such a strategy should only be undertaken if it is cost-effective. Based on data from a cohort of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, and efficacy data ...
Sanfilippo Frank M - - 2011
Troponins (highly sensitive biomarkers of myocardial damage) increase counts of myocardial infarction (MI) in clinical practice, but their impact on trends in admission rates for MI in National statistics is uncertain. Cases coded as MI or other cardiac diagnoses in the Hospital Morbidity Data Collection (MI-HMDC) in Western Australia in ...
Schelbert Erik B - - 2011
Myocardial extravascular extracellular volume fraction (Ve) measures quantify diffuse fibrosis not readily detectable by conventional late gadolinium (Gd) enhancement (LGE). Ve measurement requires steady state equilibrium between plasma and interstitial Gd contrast. While a constant infusion produces steady state, it is unclear whether a simple bolus can do the same. ...
Ho Thomas C T TC Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore, Singapore 138632. - - 2011
"Musica delenit bestiam feram" translates into "Music soothes the savage beast". There is a hidden truth in this ancient quip passed down from generations. Besides soothing the heart, it also incites the heart to a healthier level of heart rate variability (HRV). In this paper, an approach to use and ...
Gold Michael R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is most commonly performed with biventricular (BiV) pacing. Left ventricular (LV) only pacing is an alternative pacing configuration for CRT, but comparative studies with BiV pacing have shown inconsistent results. This may be due to differences in LV activation pattern which could be differentially affected ...
Harada Masahide - - 2011
Congestive heart failure (CHF) predisposes to ventricular fibrillation (VF) in association with electrical remodeling of the ventricle. However, much remains unknown about the rate-dependent electrophysiological properties in a failing heart. Action potential properties in the left ventricular subepicardial muscles during dynamic pacing were examined with optical mapping in pacing-induced CHF ...
Schnorr B - - 2010
This article addresses current pacing practices and issues. Pacing, sensing, sensing amplifiers, and pacing leads are discussed. Cardiac resynchronization is reviewed. Issues of ventricular pacing avoidance, pacemaker lead infections, ionizing radiation effects on pacing and pacing issues after deterioration and expiration of the patient are considered.
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