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Results 201 - 250 of 3710
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Martin Anne-Céline AC Cardiology Department, Military Hospital Val de Grâce, Paris, - - 2014
Cardiovascular diseases remain the most common cause of death in older adults. Guidelines state that advanced age alone should not limit the use of invasive therapy. However, coronary angiograms and subsequent revascularization are often not carried out in octogenarians. The benefit/risk balance of an invasive strategy and the decision-making process ...
Yamaki Takayoshi T Departments of Cardiology and Hematology,Fukushima Medical - - 2014
The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) reportedly increases following a huge disaster. On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake hit a large area of eastern Japan. In Fukushima prefecture, many people suffered from the consequences of the earthquake, the subsequent tsunami, and especially the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power ...
Kaneko Kazuyoshi K Department of Cardiology, Kitamurayama Municipal Hospital, 2-15-1 Onsen-machi, Higashine, Yamagata, 999-3792, Japan, - - 2014
To evaluate left atrial appendage (LAA) dysfunction using left atrial pulse-wave tissue Doppler imaging (PW-TDI) in acute cerebral embolism (ACE) patients with sinus rhythm (SR), transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiograhy (TEE) were performed in 60 consecutive patients with SR without obvious left ventricular dysfunction within 2 weeks after ACE. Two groups ...
Nagayoshi Yasuhiro Y National Health Insurance Aso Central Hospital, Aso City, Japan; Department of Cerebrovascular and Acute Coronary Syndrome, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto City, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
On July 12, 2012, heavy rains struck southwest Japan, particularly in the Mount Aso area. Huge mud slides in the mountains destroyed houses, and heavy rains caused severe flooding in the inhabited areas. We investigated the incidence of cardiovascular events after the disaster. We investigated patients who were admitted to ...
Hashimoto Ikuo I Department of Pediatrics, Toyama City - - 2014
Background:Many studies have investigated tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) as a longitudinal right ventricular (RV) contraction. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of RV systolic function compared with longitudinal and radial RV contractions in healthy children.Methods and Results:A total of 815 consecutive healthy children and adolescents were ...
Nakashima Hiroshi H Department of Cardiology, Nagasaki Citizens Hospital, Japan - - 2014
It is unclear whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the recurrence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). We hypothesized that moderate-to-severe OSA increased the number of adverse cardiovascular events in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study included 272 patients with ...
Furuhashi Tatsuhiko T Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Toho University Ohashi Medical - - 2014
Background:Stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is a well-established diagnostic and prognostic tool for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, fixed and/or reversible stress MPI defects vary considerably among patients with CAD. The usefulness of stress MPI and baseline clinical factors as independent predictors of cardiovascular events in patients with prior CAD ...
Zeymer Uwe U Klinikum Ludwigshafen, Institut für Herzinfarktforschung Ludwigshafen, Bremser Str. 79, Ludwigshafen 67063, Germany - - 2014
In the HORIZONS trial, in-hospital treatment with bivalirudin reduced bleeding and mortality in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with heparin and routine glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI). It is unknown whether this advantage of bivalirudin is observed in comparison with heparins only with GPI used as bailout. In the EUROMAX ...
Loforte Antonio A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantation, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna University, Bologna, - - 2014
Two centrifugal pumps, the RotaFlow (Maquet, Jostra Medizintechnik AG, Hirrlingen, Germany) and Levitronix CentriMag (Levitronix LCC, Waltham, MA, USA), used in central or peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support systems have been investigated, in terms of double-center experience, as treatment for patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (CS). Between January ...
Avitabile Catherine M CM Division of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 8NW64, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) reflects longitudinal myocardial shortening, the main component of right ventricular (RV) contraction in normal hearts. To date, TAPSE has not been extensively studied in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and systemic RVs after Fontan palliation. This retrospective study investigated HLHS patients after ...
Shehata Mohamed M Department of Cardiology Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. - - 2014
Background: Stress echocardiography had become an accepted methodology for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). One potential advantage of dobutamine over other stressors used with echocardiography is the possibility of assessing the ischemic threshold. Aim: This study explores the relation between ischemic threshold measured during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) ...
Wojtczak-Soska Karolina - - 2014
The prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is poor. ST2 protein is a promising prognostic biomarker for CHF. ST2 belongs to the cardioprotective signaling pathway involving interleukin-33 and its concentration in the serum depends on the biomechanical stress of cardiomyocytes (biomechanical strain). To determine the prognostic value of ...
Niu Gang G Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine (LOMIN), National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to develop a novel in vivo albumin-labeling method to allow PET of cardiac function after myocardial infarction and vascular leakage and increased permeability in inflammatory diseases and malignant tumors. To label albumin in vivo, we synthesized a NOTA (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-N,N',N″-triacetic acid)-conjugated truncated form of Evans ...
Zhang Hanfei H St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
We aimed to study the relationships between left anterior hemiblock (LAHB) and the patient characteristics, management, and clinical outcomes in the setting of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Admission ECGs of patients enrolled in the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) ECG substudy, and the Canadian ACS Registry I, were ...
Saito Shigeru S Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Kanagawa, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish safety and efficacy of a new sirolimus-eluting stent with bioresorbable polymer, Ultimaster (BP-SES). Sirolimus-eluting stent with bioresorbable polymer was compared with everolimus-eluting, permanent polymer, Xience stent (PP-EES) in the frame of a CENTURY II clinical trial designed to make global clinical data ...
Okura Kiyotaka K Department of Medicine, Fukui-ken Saiseikai Hospital, Fukui, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the pericardial fat volume (PFV) and the characteristics of coronary plaques in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). It has been suggested that pericardial adipose tissue promotes plaque development in coronary artery disease (CAD). We analyzed the cardiac computed ...
Kumar Prabhat P Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is an important pathogenic factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). There are few data on the effect of LVDD on recurrence of AF after catheter ablation. A cohort of 124 patients (59.9 ± 11.7 years, 73.9% male, and 55% with paroxysmal AF) with recalcitrant AF and normal ...
He Pei-Yuan PY Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
The transradial approach (TRA) has been used as access site for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for years. However, no large sample study has evaluated the effect of TRA in elderly patients. A total of 1098 elderly patients (age ≥ 75 years) who underwent PCI by TRA or transfemoral approach were ...
Meijborg Veronique M F VM Department of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands - - 2014
-The genesis of the electrocardiographic T-wave is incompletely understood and subject to controversy. We have correlated the ventricular repolarization sequence with simultaneously recorded T-waves. -Nine pig hearts were Langendorff perfused (atrial pacing, cycle length 650 ms). Local activation and repolarization times (AT and RT) were derived from unipolar electrograms sampling ...
Wutzler Alexander A Department of Cardiology, Charité - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, - - 2014
Monitoring of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2 ) reflects cerebral microcirculation. We sought to characterize the decrease in SctO2 during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) in adults. Twenty patients (mean age: 46.3 ± 18.1 years, 40% men) were included. Rapid atrial and ventricular pacing (200/min) was used as ...
Karakoyun Süleyman S aDepartment of Cardiology, Doç. Dr Yaşar Eryılmaz Doğubeyazıt State Hospital, Ağrı bDepartment of Cardiology, Ataturk University Medical School cDepartment of Cardiology, Erzurum Education and Research Hospital, Erzurum, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate clinical, demographic and angiographic factors associated with hyperemic coronary blood flow (HCBF) and the relation of HCBF with mortality at 30 days. Our study included 809 consecutive patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We divided corrected thrombolysis in ...
Kelly Christopher R CR Columbia University Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital and the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New - - 2014
C-reactive protein (CRP) levels predict adverse coronary events, but it is uncertain if they predict the burden or stability of vulnerable coronary plaques. In the Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in the Coronary Tree study, 697 patients with acute coronary syndromes underwent percutaneous coronary intervention followed by ...
Havalad Vinod V Department of Pediatrics, Advocate Children's Hospital, 1775 Dempster Street, Park Ridge, IL, USA, - - 2014
Ventricular dyssynchrony is associated with morbidity and mortality after palliation of a single ventricle. The authors hypothesized that resynchronization with optimized temporary multisite pacing postoperatively would be safe, feasible, and effective. Pacing was assessed in the intensive care unit within the first 24 h after surgery. Two unipolar atrial pacing leads ...
Amann Ute U MONICA/KORA Myocardial Infarction Registry, Central Hospital of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany; Institute of Epidemiology II, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have shown to decrease mortality and cardiovascular morbidity especially in high-risk patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Aim of this study was to assess the association between ACEI or ARB treatment (ACEI/ARB) at hospital discharge and long-term survival after AMI in ...
Sgueglia Gregory A GA Division of Cardiology, Sant'Eugenio Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the clinical outcome at one-year follow-up of real-world patients with long coronary lesions treated with the 38 mm Xience Prime (Abbott Vascular) everolimus-eluting stent (EES). Background: Long-lesions present special challenges to the interventional cardiologists, including increased risk of restenosis, periprocedural injury, geographical miss, and stent deliverability. Indeed, ...
Kawaji Tetsuma T Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto - - 2014
Background: Recent randomized clinical trials have reported favorable clinical outcomes after the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the long-term efficacy and safety outcomes, bleeding outcome in particular, after DES implantation in ACS patients have not been thoroughly evaluated in a real-world population. ...
Bøhmer Ellen - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare HRQoL scores obtained from the instrument SF-36 through so-called SF-6D utilities, and those obtained by 15D, in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and to evaluate the consequences in estimation of quality adjusted life years (QALYs). Design: This was a ...
Broberg Craig S - - 2014
A relationship between myocardial fibrosis and ventricular dysfunction has been demonstrated using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in the pressure-loaded right ventricle from congenital heart defects. In patients with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES), the presence of LGE has not been investigated. The aims of this study were to detect any myocardial fibrosis ...
Jiang Zhaolei Z Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, - - 2014
We described a novel modified bipolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation for preoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) combined with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) for patients with AF and coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of this novel procedure and to determine whether it ...
Mayer Felix F Institute for Legal Medicine at the University Hospital Düsseldorf, Moorenstr. 5, 40225, Dusseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
The verification of acute and lethal myocardial infarctions remains a crucial problem in the daily routine work of legal medicine. In order to enhance the possibilities in micromorphologic diagnostics, we investigated if dityrosine as a protein product of oxidative stress can be detected in myocardial tissue after an infarction and, ...
Campanile A A Department of Adult Intensive Care Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, United Kingdom;2 Department of Cardiology I.R.C.C.S. Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy;3 Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy; 4 Cardiology Department, University of Salerno, Italy; 5 Department of Cardiology, Ospedale di Treviglio, Treviglio, Italy; 6 Magna Graecia University, Germaneto, Catanzaro,Italy; 7 Department of Cardiology, Ospedale Civico ARNAS, Palermo, Italy; 8 Department of Cardiology, Ospedale Careggi, Firenze, Italy; 9 Interventional Cardiovascular Unit, Istituto Clinico Città Studi, Milan,Italy; - - - 2014
There is lack of information on the outcome of patients treated with primary angioplasty for lesions located in an ectatic coronary artery segment in the setting of acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to analyse the 2-year follow-up of this specific patient population. By means of a ...
Levine Yehoshua C YC Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Cost-effective use of ICDs for prevention of sudden cardiac death requires identification of patients at risk for ventricular tachyarrhythmias, not just total mortality. To determine whether N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) or B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are independent predictors of ventricular arrhythmias in patients receiving primary prevention ICDs. 161 patients ...
Zhu Meihua M Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) is a promising method for strain determination; however, there are temporal resolution concerns. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of 3DE on longitudinal and circumferential strain (LS, CS) determination and infarction detection under variable frame rates (FR) and "heart rates" (stroke rates [SR]) conditions. ...
Griese Daniel P DP Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center Bad Neustadt, Bad Neustadt (Saale), - - 2014
Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) is common among patients currently evaluated for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Limited data exist on the outcome of patients undergoing combined transcatheter treatment of aortic valve disease and CAD. The aim of the study was to analyse the impact of concomitant percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Niccoli Giampaolo G Institute of Cardiology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
Gonadal function is thought to be involved in existing atherosclerotic plaques stabilization and might affect reperfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). We aimed to compare the prevalence of hypotestosteromenia between ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and stable angina (SA) patients and between patients with and without microvascular obstruction (MVO). Cross-sectional ...
Head Stuart J SJ Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, - - 2014
To investigate the until now undefined extent of differences in baseline characteristics, practice patterns and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for complex coronary artery disease in the USA versus Europe. The impact of geographic enrolment on clinical outcomes was explored using the as-treated population of ...
De Servi Stefano S Coronary Care Unit, IRCCS Policlinico S.Matteo, Pavia, Italy - - 2014
In the TRial to assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by optimizing platelet inhibitioN with prasugrel Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 38 (TRITON-TIMI 38), prasugrel reduced the primary ischaemic endpoint as compared with clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients planned to undergo percutaneous coronary interventions, but increased the risk of bleeding. ...
Lainscak Mitja M Division of Cardiology, University Clinic Golnik, Golnik, Slovenia ; Applied Cachexia Research, Division of Cardiology, Charite - Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, - - 2014
General public views about heart failure (HF) alone and in comparison with other chronic conditions are largely unknown; thus we conducted this survey to evaluate general public awareness about HF and HF disease burden relative to common chronic disease. This was a cross-sectional survey during European Heart Failure Awareness Day ...
Stampehl Mark R MR Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
While speckle imaging has been shown to predict outcome in patients with heart failure (HF), it remains unclear whether speckle strain predicts outcome in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). Four hundred twenty patients with HF by Framingham criteria and either: left ventricular (LV) EF <50%, or elevated ...
Santas Enrique E Cardiology Department, Clinical University Hospital, INCLIVA, University of Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
Tissue Doppler-derived transmitral to mitral annular early diastolic velocity ratio (E/Ea), as a noninvasive estimation of left ventricular (LV) filling pressures, is a strong prognosticator in various cardiac scenarios including chronic heart failure; nevertheless, its utility for risk stratification in the whole spectrum of acute heart failure (AHF) patients remains ...
Hayabuchi Yasunobu Y Department of Pediatrics, University of Tokushima, Tokushima, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of morphological and functional evaluation of the helical ventricular myocardial band using standard echocardiographic images. Echocardiographic data were obtained from 132 normal children. We attempted to identify the echogenic bright line serving as the boundary between the ascending and descending ...
Bodi Vicente V Cardiology Department, Hospital Clinico Universitario-INCLIVA, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ischemic postconditioning (PCON) appears as a potentially beneficial tool in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We evaluated the effect of PCON on microvascular obstruction (MVO) in STEMI patients and in an experimental swine model. A prospective randomized study in patients and an experimental study in swine were carried out in ...
Yamamoto Masaya M Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Toho University Ohashi Medical - - 2014
Aim: Reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) can be used to noninvasively assess the vascular function with respect to the digital microcirculation. Abnormalities are associated with coronary endothelial dysfunction. We therefore investigated whether impaired digital reactive hyperemia is associated with restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ...
Schulz Stefanie S Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität, Munich, - - 2014
Whether prasugrel plus bivalirudin is a superior strategy to unfractionated heparin plus clopidogrel in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has never been assessed in specifically designed randomized trials. The Bavarian Reperfusion Alternatives Evaluation (BRAVE) 4 study is an investigator-initiated, randomized, open-label, multicentre ...
Reyes Carlos C Institutional Affiliation: HeartWare, - - 2014
As a result of stagnant heart transplantation rates, ventricular assist devices (VADs) have become a widely accepted therapy for the treatment of advanced stage heart failure. Long-term reliability of VADs will become increasingly vital as the population of destination therapy (DT) patients expands. In this study, eight HVAD Pumps (n ...
Gunn Jarmo J Heart Center, Turku University Hospital , Turku , - - 2014
Aim. This study was planned to compare the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients on warfarin treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods. This is a retrospective analysis of 121 patients who underwent isolated CABG and 301 patients who underwent ...
Correia Luis Cláudio Lemos LC Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, BA, - - 2014
Background: The incremental prognostic value of plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in relation to GRACE score has not been established in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with non-ST segment elevation. Objective: To test the hypothesis that CRP measurements at admission increases the prognostic value of GRACE score in ...
Minicucci Marcos F - - 2014
Background: The effects of modern therapy on functional recovery after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are unknown. Objectives: To evaluate the predictors of systolic functional recovery after anterior wall AMI in patients undergoing modern therapy (reperfusion, aggressive platelet antiaggregant therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blockers). Methods: A total of 94 consecutive ...
Criqui Michael H MH From the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla (M.H.C., J.O.D., M.A.A., J.H.I.); Collaborative Health Studies Coordinating Center, University of Washington, Seattle (R.M.); San Diego Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, CA (J.H.I); The Heart Center, Saint Francis Hospital, Roslyn, NY (A.G.); Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (K.P.C.); Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles (P.S., K.E.W.); and Division of Cardiology, University of California, Irvine - - 2014
To evaluate the predictive value of abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) independent of coronary artery calcium (CAC). We evaluated the association of AAC with CVD in 1974 men and women aged 45 to 84 years randomly selected from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants who had ...
Acet Halit H 1Department of Cardiology, Dicle Universty Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between hematologic indices and the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 800 patients who consecutively and retrospectively presented with STEMI within 12 hours of symptom onset. After ...
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