Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3781
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Bangalore Sripal S New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Debate exists regarding the efficacy of â-blockers in myocardial infarction and their required duration of usage in contemporary practice. We conducted a MEDLINE/EMBASE/CENTRAL search for randomized trials evaluating â-blockers in myocardial infarction enrolling at least 100 patients. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Analysis was performed stratifying trials into reperfusion ...
Venkatesh Bharath Ambale BA From the Department of Radiology (B.A.V.) and Department of Cardiology (G.J.V., S.D., N.M., J.A.C.L.), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY (S.S.); Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL (K.L.); Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, NC (G.B.); and Radiology and Imaging Sciences (C.-Y.L., D.A.B.), and Office of Biostatistics Research, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (C.W.), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
The association of longitudinal changes in left ventricular (LV) structure and function with myocardial fibrosis is unclear. We relate temporal changes in body size-indexed LV mass (LVMi) and end-diastolic volume indexed to body surface area , LV mass-to-volume ratio, and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) from cine cardiac magnetic resonance for ...
Redfern Julie J The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
To evaluate the proportion of patients hospitalised with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Australia and New Zealand who received optimal inpatient preventive care and to identify factors associated with preventive care. All patients hospitalised bi-nationally with ACS were identified between 14-27 May 2012. Optimal in-hospital preventive care was defined as ...
Trevino K M KM Psychology Department, Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ, 08028, USA, - - 2014
Little is known about the longitudinal relationship between religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and patient physical and mental health in patients with cardiovascular disease. Forty-three patients with a first-time myocardial infarction or coronary artery revascularization bypass surgery completed measures of religiosity, religious coping, quality of life (QOL), and weight prior to a cardiac ...
Roberts Robert R From the Division of Cardiology, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. - - 2014
There is almost no data on the genetics of acute coronary syndromes, so this review discusses primarily the 50 genetic risk variants associated with coronary artery disease that are of genome-wide significance in the discovery population and replicated in an independent population. All of these risk variants are extremely common ...
Fernández-Cisnal A A Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (Seville), - - 2014
Aims: The MGuard Stent (MGS) was designed to prevent distal embolisation of thrombus and has been shown to improve microcirculation in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, there are no real world data comparing it with the bare metal stent (BMS). The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy ...
Hulten Edward E Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine and Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Cardiology Service, Division of Medicine, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center and Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
-Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) is an accurate test for the identification of coronary artery disease (CAD), yet the impact of the CCTA results upon subsequent medical therapy and risk factors has not been widely reported. -We identified consecutive patients >18 years of age without prior CAD who underwent CCTA ...
Herring Michael J MJ Heart Institute, Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, CA, USA - - 2014
Although hypothermia reduces myocardial infarct size, noninvasive and rapid cooling methods are lacking. This study tests the effectiveness of a novel cooling apparatus on myocardial infarct size and no-reflow area in 2 models of coronary artery occlusion (CAO). Animals were randomized to normothermic (N) or hypothermic (H) groups after isolation ...
de la Torre Hernández José M JM Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Cantabria, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to compare the long-term clinical outcome of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with paclitaxel-eluting stents or everolimus-eluting stents and the influence of thrombectomy on outcomes. The ESTROFA-IM is a multicenter retrospective registry collecting consecutive patients with infarction treated with these stents in 16 centers. Propensity-score matching ...
Nakatsuma Kenji K Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Living alone was reported to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are, however, limited data on the relation between living alone and all-cause mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) AMI registry ...
Wang Liping - - 2014
Background: Long-term outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remain uncertain. Objective: To investigate long-term outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: We performed search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, the ...
Tanaka Hidekazu H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan, - - 2014
The use of β-blockers has improved the prognosis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and the appearance of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling is generally thought to result in a more favorable prognosis. While there are many prognostic predictors, not all of them are applicable to individual patients. Global circumferential strain (GCS) ...
Selle Anna A Department of Internal Medicine I (Cardiology, Angiology, Pneumology), University Hospital Jena, Erlanger Allee 101, 07740, Jena, - - 2014
Rapid ventricular pacing (RVP) is an established technique to temporarily reduce left ventricular output during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of RVP on microvascular tissue perfusion (MTP) in patients undergoing TAVI. We studied 42 patients (mean age 81.8 ± 6.9 years, n = 18 females. ...
Jiang Binghu B Department of Radiology, BenQ Medical Center, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR - - 2014
Objectives: The diagnostic accuracy of cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is well reported. The prognostic value of CCTA has been described in several studies, but many of these were underpowered and an update of the meta-analysis is necessary to increase the power to predict rare events. The purpose of this ...
Friesen Tyler T Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with kidney failure. Nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHD) is a form of kidney replacement therapy whereby hemodialysis is performed for at least 6-h overnight, at least 4 days per week. Little is known about the effects of NHD on cardiovascular ...
Lee Byoung Kwon BK Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Medical College, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Myocardial ischemia may be present even when there is no significant stenosis of the epicardial coronary artery, or after coronary angioplasty for significant coronary artery disease. This phenomenon is related to disturbance of the coronary microcirculation or vasomotor tone. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of ...
Rommel K P KP Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, University of Leipzig, Heart Center, Leipzig, - - 2014
To investigate the relation of residual worst lead ST segment elevation (WL-STE) after ST segment myocardial infarction (STEMI) with infarct size and microvascular injury assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. WL-STE in patients with acute reperfused STEMI has been shown to identify high risk patients for major adverse cardiovascular ...
Soylu Erdinc E Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Coronary endarterectomy (CE) may provide a useful adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with extensive, diffuse coronary atheroma. However, concerns regarding its morbidity and mortality have created uncertainty as to the role of CE in the current era. The aim of this study was therefore to quantitatively ...
Di Valentino Marcello M 1 Department of Cardiology, Ospedale San Giovanni (EOC), Bellinzona, Switzerland - - 2014
Second-hand smoke increases the risk of acute myocardial infarction. Canton Ticino (CT) first introduced a smoking ban in public places in 2007. This offered the opportunity to assess the long-term impact of a smoking ban on the incidence of ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI) compared with a population where the law ...
Wu Yi-Cheng YC Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong - - 2014
We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate the comparative benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting versus drug-eluting stents in patients with diabetes mellitus and severe coronary artery disease. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, and ScienceDirect was carried out. References and cited papers of relevant articles were also checked. ...
Ko Dennis T DT From the Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.T.K., P.C.A., J.V.T., D.S.L., L.Y., D.A.A.); Schulich Heart Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.T.K., J.V.T.); University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.T.K., P.C.A., J.V.T., D.S.L., D.A.A.); Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.S.L.); The Cardiac and Secondary Prevention Program, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.A.A.); and Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.A.A.). - - 2014
Higher-risk patients may not receive evidence-based therapy because of limited life expectancy, which is a composite measure that encompasses many patient factors, including age, frailty, and comorbidities. In this study, we evaluated the extent to which treatment care gaps can be explained by a difference in projected life expectancy. An ...
Fan XiaoHan X State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiac Arrhythmia Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
To determine the incidence and predictors of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the current era of revascularisation of myocardial infarction (MI) survivors with reduced LVEF. A prospective observational study was conducted in FuWai Hospital from 2004 to 2009. A total of 1018 consecutive patients who had an LVEF ≤35% and ...
Danzi Gian Battista GB Division of Cardiology, Ospedale "Santa - - 2014
Background:Permanent polymer coatings on drug-eluting stents (DES) surface have been identified as triggers of adverse events following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, efficacy and safety data for the Nobori biolimus-eluting stent (BES), a biodegradable polymer DES, are limited, so the aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes associated ...
Kim Yong-Hyun YH Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan - - 2014
Few studies have examined the variations in longitudinal/circumferential/radial strain (LS/CS/RS) and strain rate (LSr/CSr/RSr) in individual hearts when the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has changed. We hypothesized the relationships of strain/strain rate and LVEF are not linear, but vary with multiple inflection points (IPs) in individual hearts.Twenty-five patients with ...
Teh Andrew W AW Helmsley Electrophysiology Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA; Monash University Eastern Health Cardiology Department, Victoria, Australia; Department of Cardiology, Austin Hospital, Victoria, - - 2014
Standard unipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is typically successful in eliminating premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) originating from the ventricular outflow tract region. In a minority of cases, this approach may be ineffective. We report four cases where bipolar RFA was attempted after failed unipolar RFA. From a total of 73 consecutive ...
Wang Ying Y Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 1#Yixueyuan Road, Chongqing 400016, - - 2014
Adiponectin is an adipose-secreting protein that shows atheroprotective property and has inverse relation with coronary artery disease (CAD). High-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin is reported as the active form of adiponectin. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the association between total adiponectin, HMW adiponectin, HMW-total adiponectin ratio and the ...
Birkemeyer Ralf - - 2014
It is uncertain whether gender differences in outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are only attributable to different baseline characteristics or additional factors. Databases of two German myocardial infarction network registries were combined with a total of 1104 consecutive patients admitted with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and treated ...
Richmond Tyler T From the *Central Baptist Heart and Vascular Institute, Lexington, KY; †Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL; and ‡Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2014
There has been considerable emphasis on the care of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with the wide implementation of protocols to quickly identify and triage them from the emergency department (ED) to a cardiac catheterization laboratory for percutaneous coronary intervention. However, a small but important number of patients with ...
Zhang Yaojun Y Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, 3015CE, The - - 2014
Drug eluting stents (DESs) made with biodegradable polymer have been developed in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes. However, the impact of biodegradable polymers on clinical events and stent thrombosis (ST) remains controversial. We searched Medline, the Cochrane Library and other internet sources, without language or date restrictions for articles ...
Ağaç Mustafa Tarık MT Department of Cardiology, Ahi Evren Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey. - - 2014
Objectives: The major determinant of final infarct size for a given coronary occlusion is the size of the myocardial area-at-risk. We propose herein a new index 'Relative Importance Index (RII)' to predict area-at-risk in patients with anterior myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of the study was to assess the predictive ...
Chen Kang K Department of Cardiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China; Outpatient Department, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, - - 2014
Objective: We are aimed to investigate whether right ventricular mid-septal pacing (RVMSP) is superior to conventional right ventricular apical pacing (RVAP) in improving clinical functional capacity and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) for patients with high-degree atrio-ventricular block and moderately depressed left ventricle (LV) function. Methods: Ninety-two patients with high-degree ...
Mohite Prashant N PN Department of Cardiothoracic Transplantation and Mechanical Circulatory Support, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Harefield Hospital, Hill End Road, Harefield, Middlesex, London, UB9 6JH, UK, - - 2014
Post-cardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCCS) results in substantial morbidity and mortality, whereas refractory cases require mechanical circulatory support. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors influencing survival during short-term ventricular assist support in PCCS. In total, 154 CentriMag(®) (Thoratec; CA, USA) devices were implanted for cardiogenic shock between 2004 ...
Zhao Wei W Department of Cardiology, Peking University Third Hospital; Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Molecular Biology and Regulatory Peptides, Ministry of Health; Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Sciences, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
Recently, studies have disclosed soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) during atherosclerosis development and plaque destabilization. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that sCD40L levels are higher in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with a greater extent of angiographic coronary involvement. This cross-sectional study examined ACS patients ...
Neragi-Miandoab Siyamek S Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert-Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, - - 2014
Background: The TandemHeart device (THD) is a pump system that can be deployed percutaneously (PC) or via conventional surgical (CS) cannulation; it is capable of supporting one or both ventricles. It is a versatile system designed for use as a rescue device in acute heart failure and as a bridge ...
Navaravong Leenhapong L Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, - - 2014
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the coronaries allows identification of plaques. Limited data exists on the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and the plaque type or plaque burden detected by CTA. We studied relationship between CRP and coronary atherosclerosis. 92 patients without history of coronary disease underwent coronary CTA ...
Akyildiz Zehra Ilke - - 2014
Cardiologists' approach to angina in outpatients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. Therefore, we analysed data from the national multicentre, observational PULSE study to evaluate the frequency of angina, clinical variables affecting angina frequency and the impact of frequent angina on quality of life (QoL) in outpatients with ...
Shmuely Haim - - 2014
The relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and coronary artery disease (CAD) has as yet not been fully examined. The myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) stress test has proven its efficacy as an integral part of diagnosing CAD. To investigate the association between CAD and H. pylori infection using MPI. This prospective ...
Khurshid Shaan S Cardiovascular Division, Electrophysiology and Heart Failure Sections, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Frequent right ventricular (RV) pacing can lead to a decline in LVEF. To identify incidence and predictors of RV pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PICM). We retrospectively studied 1,750 consecutive patients undergoing pacemaker implantation between 2003 and 2012. Patients were included if baseline LVEF was normal, single chamber ventricular or dual chamber pacemaker ...
Dwyer Nathan B NB Department of Cardiac Sciences and Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether ischemic postconditioning (IPC) could improve peripheral endothelial function in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Of 102 patients randomly assigned to an IPC or standard protocol to study infarct size utilizing cardiovascular magnetic ...
Ielasi Alfonso A Department of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera 'Bolognini', Seriate (BG), Italy *Drs Ielasi and Silvestro contributed equally to the manuscript and are joint first - - 2014
Unprotected left main (ULM) related ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a severe event, often leading to circulatory failure and/or sudden cardiac death. Although high-risk ULM thrombosis populations treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) have been previously described, very little is known regarding the outcomes following PPCI for ULM-related ...
Chen Jun J Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300, Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to obtain best estimates of the efficacy and safety of cilostazol-based triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT: aspirin, clopidogrel and cilostazol) compared with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT: aspirin and clopidogrel) in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation. We searched the literature to identify all randomized clinical trials ...
Gau Sören S From the Department of Cardiology, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, - - 2014
Recent studies have shown a significant correlation between increased epicardial fat volume (EFV) and mortality, coronary artery disease events, and measures of coronary atherosclerotic burden, for example, coronary calcium. Patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis have an increased prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis and coronary calcium. The mechanisms underlying both ...
Fontenla Adolfo A Unidad de Arritmias, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators reduce mortality in some patients with heart disease. Battery replacement is a frequent occurrence in clinical practice and is required in up to 30% of implants. The benefit/risk ratio of defibrillators varies over time and should be reevaluated at the time of replacement. The aim of this study ...
Nørgaard Kirsten Schou - - 2014
Abstract Objectives. We investigated whether any change in the use of invasive coronary angiography and coronary revascularisation after CT coronary angiography in patients with a low to intermediate pre-test probability of coronary artery disease could be explained from alterations in patient characteristics. Design. A cohort study based on data samples ...
Yang Linfeng L Department of Medical Imaging, Jinan Military General Hospital, No, 25, Shifan Road, Jinan, Shandong Province, China, 250031, - - 2014
To investigate the diagnostic performance of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) with prospective electrocardiograph (ECG) gating based on step-and-shoot (SAS), Flash and volume imaging modes. We searched the electronic databases PubMed for all published studies regarding CCTA. We used an exact binomial rendition of the bivariate mixed-effects regression model developed ...
Zahid Wasim W Department of Cardiology and Center for Cardiological Innovation, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, N-0027 Oslo, Norway The Intervention Center, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Ischaemic myocardial segments tend to stretch as the intraventricular pressure rises steeply during the isovolemic contraction phase, before they contract during ejection. We hypothesized that the time they remain stretched, called duration of early systolic lengthening (DESL), correlates with final infarct size as defined by contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging ...
Wildgruber Moritz M From the *Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; †Klinik und Poliklinik für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie, ‡Institut für Medizinische Statistik und Epidemiologie, and §Zentrum für Prävention und Sportmedizin, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) values of infarct and remote myocardium as well as infarct and blood after application of 0.1 mmol/kg gadobutrol and 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine on late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance (MR) images. The study was a prospective randomized controlled ...
Khan Jamal N - - 2014
Microvascular obstruction (MVO) describes suboptimal tissue perfusion despite restoration of infarct-related artery flow. There are scarce data on Infarct Size (IS) and MVO in relation to the mode and timing of reperfusion. We sought to characterise the prevalence and extent of microvascular injury and IS using Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), ...
Andrade Pedro Beraldo de PB Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Marília, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Background: The radial access provides a lower risk of bleeding and vascular complications related to the puncture site in comparison to the femoral access. Recent studies have suggested a reduction in mortality associated with the radial access in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Objective: To compare ...
Niccoli Giampaolo G Institute of Cardiology, Catholic University of the Sacred - - 2014
Background:Pre-infarction angina (PIA) has been shown to reduce the microvascular obstruction (MVO) rate in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to evaluate the potential modulator role of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) on this protective effect.Methods and Results:Two hundred patients with STEMI were enrolled. PIA was defined as typical chest ...
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