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Results 101 - 150 of 3714
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Gacon J J E. Szczeklik Hospital, Department of Invasive Cardiology, Tarnow, - - 2014
Objective Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are recognized as useful cardiovascular biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Vessel occlusion is not always manifested with ST-elevation; no specific biomarkers have been identified to differentiate ACS with patent or occluded infarct-related coronary artery (IRA). Methods Forty-four consecutive patients (mean age 57.5±9.9 years) with uncomplicated ...
De Boer M M Erasmus Medical Center, Division of Experimental Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Rotterdam, - - 2014
The prevalence of heart failure is increasing due to improved survival of cardiovascular disease in an aging population. Interestingly, the normal aging heart already undergoes structural and functional alterations which are reminiscent to the changes observed in the failing heart. These alterations may increase the vulnerability of the aging heart ...
Yossof M M A MM Mansoura Specialized Medical Hospital (MSMH), Mansoura, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis is the leading cause ofIHD. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been identified as innate immune receptors, expressed in the cardiovascular system and may be a link between cardiovascular diseases and the activation of the immune system. To prove the association of TLRs2 with the risk of ischemic heart diseases. Patients ...
Sommer G G Graz University of Technology, Institute of Biomechanics, Graz, - - 2014
In the multidisciplinary field of heart research it is of utmost importance, for the description of phenomena like mechanoelectric feedback or heart wall thickening, to identify accurate myocardium material properties. Therefore this study aims to determine biaxial tensile and triaxial shear properties of the passive human ventricular myocardium. This novel ...
Shah Jms J Om Diabetes Clinics and Research Centres, Thane West, - - 2014
PEP ( Presystolic period) and PWV(Pulse wave velocity ) measurements to assess and predict early cardiac (sub clinical) involvement in asymptomatic diabetic patients. 610 diabetic patients coming to Om Diabetes Centers without known heart history or complaints - subjected to routine investigations like Colin vascular profiler 1000( U S FDA ...
Postma S - - 2014
Pre-hospital infarct diagnosis gives the opportunity to start anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic agents before arrival at the PCI centre. However, more evidence is necessary to demonstrate whether high dose (HD) clopidogrel (600 mg) administered in the ambulance is associated with improved initial patency of the infarct related vessel (IRV) and/or clinical ...
Alameddine Abdallah K AK Division of Cardiac Surgery, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, - - 2014
Red blood cell transfusion (Tx) induces a proinflammatory state. Inflammatory mediators are associated with an increased risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore, in this study we determined the association between AF and Tx after isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Between January 2008 and December 2010, a total ...
Phomakay Venusa V Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, - - 2014
Williams syndrome (WS) is a congenital, multisystem developmental disorder affecting 1 in 8000 live births. Cardiovascular abnormalities are present in 80% of WS patients. The present study sought to characterize fully the electrocardiographic findings in WS and correlate findings with anatomic pathology. A retrospective review was performed of the electrocardiograms ...
Sandoval Yader Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, - - 2014
To determine the ability of serial cardiac troponin (cTnI) changes (delta) to distinguish type 1 and type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) (excluding all ST-segment elevation MIs (STEMIs)) and describe the diagnostic accuracy and 180-day mortality in MI versus no-MI patients. Serial cTnIs were measured in 1112 consecutive patients without STEMI ...
Iqbal M Bilal MB From the Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Harefield Hospital, Middlesex, United Kingdom (M.B.I., A. Arujuna, C.I., M.D.); UCL Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Heart Hospital, London, United Kingdom (T.C., P. Meier); Kings College Hospital, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom (S.K., P. MacCarthy); Barts Health NHS Trust, The London Chest Hospital, London, United Kingdom (A. Archbold, C.K., A.M., D.B., K.R., A.W.); St. George's Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, St. George's Hospital, London, United Kingdom (S.F., P.L.); Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom (I.S.M.); Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom (R.D.R.); BHF Centre of Excellence, Kings College London, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom (S.R.); and London Ambulance Service, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Compared with transfemoral access, transradial access (TRA) for percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with reduced risk of bleeding and vascular complications. Studies suggest that TRA may reduce mortality in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. However, there are few data on the effect of TRA on mortality, specifically, in patients with ...
Morley-Smith Andrew C AC National Institute for Health Research Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK; Institute of Molecular and Translational Therapeutic Strategies, Integrated Research and Treatment Center Transplantation, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
There are few non-invasive techniques to predict and monitor patients' responses to left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding RNAs with intricate roles in cardiovascular disease. They are stable in the circulation, readily quantified, and may be useful as new biomarkers. This study sought to identify ...
Ismail Tevfik F TF Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Myocardial fibrosis identified by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with adverse cardiovascular events, but its value as an independent risk factor for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is unknown. We investigated the role of LGE-CMR in the risk stratification of ...
Repossini Alberto A University of Brescia, Medical School, Brescia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hybrid coronary revascularization, meaning, left mammary artery on left anterior descending artery combined with non-left anterior descending artery percutaneous coronary intervention stenting, is considered a viable alternative to conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery or to multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention, to perform a functionally complete revascularization. One hundred consecutive patients ...
Dahlviken Rønnaug M RM Institute of Nursing, Bergen University College, Bergen, Norway; Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, - - 2014
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible condition mimicking acute myocardial infarction. The phenomenon is associated with emotional and physical stressful trigger events. Evidence-based patient counselling should be based on disease-specific knowledge of patient experiences. The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in a short-term perspective. ...
Han Xiao X Department of Geography, Tourism and Environment College of Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, 710119 Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this paper is to analyze the geographical distribution of reference value of aging people's left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVDs), and to provide a scientific basis for clinical examination. The study is focus on the relationship between reference value of left ventricular end systolic diameter of aging ...
Legrand Victor V CHU de Liège, Liège, - - 2014
Aims: The Stent Thrombosis In Belgium (STIB) trial aimed to determine whether assessing platelet reactivity (PR) in patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could predict the risk of ischaemic complications and adverse clinical events up to 30 days post PCI. Methods and results: PR ...
Yi Gui-Yan - - 2014
About eighty percent of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) cases occur in the elderly, we aim to examine the use of reperfusion strategies in elderly patients (>=65 years) with AMI and to investigate the factors affecting the use of these strategies. A total of 352 consecutive elderly patients (>=65 years) with ...
Suthakaran Pichaimuthu P 1Centre for Biotechnology, Anna University, Chennai, India; 2Department of Biotechnology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, India; and 3Center for Bioseparation Technology, VIT University, Vellore, - - 2014
Thrombotic disorders and their associated problems are extensively prevalent in developed and developing countries. Streptokinase (SK) is a well-known thrombolytic agent, which is very useful in treating coronary thrombosis and acute myocardial infarction. Several attempts have been made to date to make improvements of this wonderful molecule in terms of ...
Shingu Yasushige Y Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
Left ventriculoplasty (LVP) and mitral valve plasty (MVP) are sometimes effective for patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) who are not eligible for heart transplantation. Strict patient selection is warranted for these controversial procedures. The subjects were 18 patients with idiopathic DCM and mitral regurgitation who had not been indicated ...
Sun Xi-Peng XP Department of Cardiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Objectives: Recent studies have reported increased red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with adverse outcomes in heart failure and stable coronary disease. We investigated the association between RDW and risk of all-cause mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were free of heart failure at ...
Soon Kean K Interventional Cardiologist, Western Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and differences between Non-ST elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) with an occluded culprit artery (NSTEMIOA) and NSTEMI with a patent culprit artery (NSTEMIPA). We conducted a retrospective observational study on NSTEMI patients admitted between 01/01/2010 to 30/06/2010. The inclusion criteria were diagnosis of NSTEMI ...
Bengtson Lindsay G S LG Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently coexists in the setting of myocardial infarction (MI), being associated with increased mortality. Nonetheless, temporal trends in the occurrence of AF complicating MI and in the prognosis of these patients are not well described. We examined temporal trends in prevalence of AF in the setting of ...
Dedic Admir A Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Department of Radiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands - - 2014
Non-culprit plaques are responsible for a substantial number of future events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this study, we evaluated the prognostic implications of non-culprit plaques seen on coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with ACS. Coronary CTA was performed in 169 patients (mean 59 ± ...
Stone Samantha G SG From the Clinical Trials Center, Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, NY (S.G.S., R.M., S.J.B., G.D., G.W. Stone); Department of Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (G.W. Serrao, G.W. Stone); Department of Cardiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY (R.M., M.I.T., G.D.); Department of Cardiology, Amper Kliniken AG, Dachau, Germany (B.W.); Department of Cardiology, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy (G.G.); Department of Cardiology, Medical University, Lodz, Poland (J.Z.P.); Department of Cardiology, LeBauer Cardiovascular Research Foundation and Moses Cone Hospital, Greensboro, NC (B.R.B.); Department of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland (D.D.); Department of Cardiology, Charite/CVK, Berlin, Germany (M.M.); and Department of Cardiology, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY - - 2014
Reinfarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction has negative consequences. Little is known about reinfarction after drug-eluting stents and bivalirudin anticoagulation. We, therefore, sought to determine the incidence, predictors, and implications of reinfarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the contemporary era. Outcomes were assessed ...
Povsic Thomas J TJ Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Aims: We sought to determine the feasibility of conducting percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in high-risk acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients utilising the REG1 system consisting of pegnivacogin, an aptameric factor IXa inhibitor, and its controlling agent anivamersen. Methods and results: In RADAR, ACS patients were randomised to pegnivacogin 1 mg/kg ...
Taşolar Hakan H Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Adiyaman, - - 2014
The clinical utility of the Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio in the risk stratification of ventricular arrhythmic events is controversial. Therefore, we investigated the impact of CCC on these electrocardiographic indexes in the course of stable CAD. Two hundred three consecutive patients with stable CAD who underwent coronary angiography and ...
Stöllberger Claudia C Hospital Rudolf Foundation, - - 2014
Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT) is frequently associated with neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) and electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities. The prognostic relevance of newly developed ECG abnormalities in LVHT and its dependency on NMD is largely unknown. Aim of the following retrospective cohort study in LVHT patients was thus to assess the development of ...
Ruiz-Laiglesia Fernando-J FJ Department of Internal Medicine. Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa. Zaragoza. Spain. - - 2014
Background We sought to identify the comorbidities associated with heart failure (HF) in a non-selected cohort of patients, and its influence on mortality and re-hospitalization. Design and methods Data were obtained from the "Registro de Insuficiencia Cardiaca" (RICA) of the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine. The registry includes patients prospectively ...
Billeci Lucia L Institute of Clinical Physiology, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), via Moruzzi 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy, - - 2014
Bradycardia and abnormal cardiac autonomic function are related to increased mortality in anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of this study was to assess heart rate (HR) and HR variability of young adolescents with AN as compared to controls by means of wearable sensors and wireless technologies. The ECG signal was ...
Grzywocz Patryk P a2nd Department of Cardiology b1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Public Hospital No. 7 in Katowice, Upper Silesian Medical Center cDepartment of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic role of adipokines (adiponectin, apelin, resistin, and visfatin) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in relation to the extent of glucose metabolism impairment and intensity of systemic low-grade inflammation. This case-control study covered 131 patients with coronary artery disease: ...
Galvão Braga Carlos C Serviço de Cardiologia, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently complicates myocardial infarction, with an incidence of 6-21%. To assess the predictors and prognosis of new-onset AF during acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We performed a retrospective observational cohort study including 902 consecutive patients (mean age 64 years, 77.5% male) admitted to a single center over ...
Rivera-Fernández Ricardo R aIntensive Care Unit bCoronary Care Unit, Hospital Carlos Haya, Malaga cCIBERESP, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Jaen dIntensive Care Unit, Hospital Infanta Margarita, Cabra (Cordoba), - - 2014
To analyze the relation between prolonged QT interval and mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and complementarity with Killip, Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II (APACHE-II) scales. A nested cohort case-control study was conducted in a Spanish hospital. The cohort consisted of patients ...
Ariyama Miyuki M Department of Cardiology, International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, - - 2014
Catheter ablation (CA) for nonparoxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial due to its high recurrence rate. The aim of this study was to assess retrospectively the diagnostic value of preprocedural left atrial appendage (LAA) wall-motion velocity in predicting recurrence of AF within 1 year after CA. We hypothesized that tissue Doppler-derived ...
Paixao Andre R M AR Division of Cardiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the independent and joint associations between family history of myocardial infarction (FH) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) with incident coronary heart disease (CHD). FH and CAC are associated with each other and with incident CHD. It is not known whether FH retains its predictive value ...
Muranishi Nanae Nishiki - - 2014
Raman spectroscopy, which provides information about molecular species and structures of biomolecules via intrinsic molecular vibrations, can analyze physiological and pathological states of tissues on the basis of molecular constituents without staining. In this study, we analyzed Raman spectra of myocardial infarction and its repair in rats on the hypothesis ...
Nerpin Elisabet E Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences/Geriatrics, Uppsala Science Park, Uppsala, Sweden Department of Health and Social Sciences, Högskolan Dalarna, Falun, - - 2014
The cardiorenal syndrome, the detrimental bi-directional interplay between symptomatic heart failure and chronic kidney disease, is a major clinical challenge. Nonetheless, it is unknown if this interplay begins already at an asymptomatic stage. Therefore we investigated whether the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is associated with left ventricular function in participants ...
Dianati Maleki Neda N Canadian VIGOUR Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
We evaluated the prespecified endpoint, aborted myocardial infarction (AbMI), according to the use of a pharmacoinvasive (PI) strategy versus primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in 1754 patients randomised within 3 h of symptom onset in the STrategic Reperfusion Early After Myocardial infarction (STREAM) trial. Based on sequential ECG's and biomarkers, AbMI ...
Bangalore Sripal S New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Debate exists regarding the efficacy of â-blockers in myocardial infarction and their required duration of usage in contemporary practice. We conducted a MEDLINE/EMBASE/CENTRAL search for randomized trials evaluating â-blockers in myocardial infarction enrolling at least 100 patients. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Analysis was performed stratifying trials into reperfusion ...
Venkatesh Bharath Ambale BA From the Department of Radiology (B.A.V.) and Department of Cardiology (G.J.V., S.D., N.M., J.A.C.L.), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY (S.S.); Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL (K.L.); Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, NC (G.B.); and Radiology and Imaging Sciences (C.-Y.L., D.A.B.), and Office of Biostatistics Research, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (C.W.), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
The association of longitudinal changes in left ventricular (LV) structure and function with myocardial fibrosis is unclear. We relate temporal changes in body size-indexed LV mass (LVMi) and end-diastolic volume indexed to body surface area , LV mass-to-volume ratio, and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) from cine cardiac magnetic resonance for ...
Redfern Julie J The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
To evaluate the proportion of patients hospitalised with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Australia and New Zealand who received optimal inpatient preventive care and to identify factors associated with preventive care. All patients hospitalised bi-nationally with ACS were identified between 14-27 May 2012. Optimal in-hospital preventive care was defined as ...
Trevino K M KM Psychology Department, Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ, 08028, USA, - - 2014
Little is known about the longitudinal relationship between religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and patient physical and mental health in patients with cardiovascular disease. Forty-three patients with a first-time myocardial infarction or coronary artery revascularization bypass surgery completed measures of religiosity, religious coping, quality of life (QOL), and weight prior to a cardiac ...
Roberts Robert R From the Division of Cardiology, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. - - 2014
There is almost no data on the genetics of acute coronary syndromes, so this review discusses primarily the 50 genetic risk variants associated with coronary artery disease that are of genome-wide significance in the discovery population and replicated in an independent population. All of these risk variants are extremely common ...
Fernández-Cisnal A A Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (Seville), - - 2014
Aims: The MGuard Stent (MGS) was designed to prevent distal embolisation of thrombus and has been shown to improve microcirculation in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, there are no real world data comparing it with the bare metal stent (BMS). The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy ...
Hulten Edward E Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine and Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Cardiology Service, Division of Medicine, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center and Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
-Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) is an accurate test for the identification of coronary artery disease (CAD), yet the impact of the CCTA results upon subsequent medical therapy and risk factors has not been widely reported. -We identified consecutive patients >18 years of age without prior CAD who underwent CCTA ...
Herring Michael J MJ Heart Institute, Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, CA, USA - - 2014
Although hypothermia reduces myocardial infarct size, noninvasive and rapid cooling methods are lacking. This study tests the effectiveness of a novel cooling apparatus on myocardial infarct size and no-reflow area in 2 models of coronary artery occlusion (CAO). Animals were randomized to normothermic (N) or hypothermic (H) groups after isolation ...
de la Torre Hernández José M JM Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Cantabria, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to compare the long-term clinical outcome of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with paclitaxel-eluting stents or everolimus-eluting stents and the influence of thrombectomy on outcomes. The ESTROFA-IM is a multicenter retrospective registry collecting consecutive patients with infarction treated with these stents in 16 centers. Propensity-score matching ...
Nakatsuma Kenji K Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Living alone was reported to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are, however, limited data on the relation between living alone and all-cause mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) AMI registry ...
Wang Liping - - 2014
Background: Long-term outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remain uncertain. Objective: To investigate long-term outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: We performed search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, the ...
Tanaka Hidekazu H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan, - - 2014
The use of β-blockers has improved the prognosis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and the appearance of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling is generally thought to result in a more favorable prognosis. While there are many prognostic predictors, not all of them are applicable to individual patients. Global circumferential strain (GCS) ...
Selle Anna A Department of Internal Medicine I (Cardiology, Angiology, Pneumology), University Hospital Jena, Erlanger Allee 101, 07740, Jena, - - 2014
Rapid ventricular pacing (RVP) is an established technique to temporarily reduce left ventricular output during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of RVP on microvascular tissue perfusion (MTP) in patients undergoing TAVI. We studied 42 patients (mean age 81.8 ± 6.9 years, n = 18 females. ...
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