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Mathews Robin R Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
-Blacks are less likely than whites to receive coronary revascularization and evidence-based therapies following acute myocardial infarction (MI), yet the impact of these differences on long-term outcomes is unknown. -We linked CRUSADE registry data to national Medicare claims, creating a longitudinal record of care and outcomes among 40,500 non-ST-segment elevation ...
Trifunovic Danijela D Department of Cardiology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze plasma adiponectin kinetics in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) and its association with coronary flow reserve (CFR), an index of coronary microcirculatory function. A total of 96 consecutive patients with the first anterior STEMI treated by pPCI without heart ...
Hosaka Akihiro A Department of Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) among young and middle-aged adults can be significant, but no previous study has examined the prognosis and the associated health care cost of the disease in this population. We evaluated the clinical and economic burden of PAD in patients from a large claims ...
Seronde Marie France MF University Hospital Jean Minjoz, EA3920, Besançon, - - 2014
We aimed to describe the determinants of discharge heart ratein acute coronary syndrome patients and assess the impact of discharge heart rateon 5 year mortality in hospital survivors. FAST-MI (French Registry of Acute ST-Elevation or non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction) 2005 is a nationwide French registry that included all consecutive patients with ...
Weismann Constance G CG Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Quantitative assessment of right ventricular (RV) function is important for the management of patients with congenital heart disease. Tissue Doppler (TDI)-derived myocardial acceleration during isovolumic contraction (IVA) is an echocardiographic measure of contractility that is independent of loading conditions. The aim of this study was to establish normative data for ...
Arsanjani Reza R From Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cardiac Image Research, Los Angeles, Calif (J.K.M.) and the CONFIRM Investigators. Department of Imaging, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif (R.A., D.S.B., H.G.); Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif (T.L., J.K.M.); Weill Cornell Medical College and the New York Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College, 515 E 70th St, S402, New York, NY 10021 (F.Y.L., J.K.M., A.D.); Department of Cardiology, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany (S.A.); Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich (M.A.); Department of Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif (M.J.B.); Tennessee Heart and Vascular Institute, Hendersonville, Tenn (T.Q.C.); Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Seoul, Korea (H.J.C.); Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy (F.C.); Department of Cardiology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oaks, Mich (K.C., G.R.); Department of Medicine and Radiology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ont, Canada (B.J.W.C.); Capitol Cardiology Associates, Albany, NY (A.D.); Division of Cardiology, Deutsches Herzzentrum Munchen, Munich, Germany (M.H., J.H.); Department of Cardiac Imaging, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland (P.K.); Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga (L.J.S.); Department of Medicine, Walter Reed Medical Center, Washington, DC (T.V.); Department of Cardiovascular CT, Oklahoma Heart Institute, Tulsa, Okla (V.Y.C.); Department of Radiology, Baptist Cardiac and Vascular Institute, Miami, Fla (R.C.C.); Department of Radiology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria (G.F.); Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea (Y.J.K.); and Department of Medicine and Radiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada - - 2014
Purpose To assess whether gradations of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) and volumes measured with coronary computed tomography (CT) would augment risk stratification and discrimination for incident mortality. Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was obtained when required. Subjects without ...
Rathod Krishnaraj S KS aDepartment of Cardiology, London Chest Hospital bDepartment of Clinical Pharmacology, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University cNIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, London Chest Hospital, London, - - 2014
To compare long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) using radial and femoral arterial access. The present study was an observational cohort study of patients with STEMI treated consecutively with PPCI between 2004 and 2011 at a single centre. The ...
Kannan Arun A 1Department of Inpatient Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; and 2Angiocare, Tucson, - - 2014
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis have an increased risk for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity secondary to occlusive coronary artery disease. Optimal revascularization strategy is unclear in this high-risk population. We have performed a meta-analysis to compare coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus ...
Hall Allison B AB University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, - - 2014
-Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), two states of increased metabolic demand and sympathetic nervous system activation, often co-exist. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), which alleviates OSA, can improve ventricular function. It is unknown whether this is due to altered oxidative metabolism or pre-synaptic ...
Nucifora Gaetano G University Hospital "Santa Maria della Misericordia" - - 2014
Left ventricular twist (LVT) and untwisting (LVUT) rate are global and thorough parameters of LV function. Aim of the present study was to investigate the differences in LV rotational mechanics between patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Twenty consecutive patients with CA, 20 consecutive patients with HCM ...
Walton Richard D RD Université de Bordeaux, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux U1045, Bordeaux, France Inserm, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux U1045, Bordeaux, France L'Institut de Rythmologie et Modélisation Cardiaque LIRYC, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Transmural heterogeneity of action potential duration (APD) is known to play an important role in arrhythmogenesis. Regions of non-uniformities of APD gradients often overlap considerably with the location of Purkinje-Muscle junctions (PMJ). We therefore hypothesized that such junctions are novel sources of local endocardial and transmural heterogeneity of repolarization and ...
Pereira Hélder H Cardiology Dpt, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Portugal has one of the lowest rates of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) in Western Europe. This study assessed the progress of Portuguese p-PCI performance indicators one year after Portugal joined the Stent for Life (SFL) initiative. Two national surveys were carried out, each covering a period of one month: ...
Shiraishi Jun J Department of Cardiology, Kyoto First Red Cross Hospital, Honmachi, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto, 605-0981, Japan, - - 2014
Data regarding clinical efficacy of thrombectomy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been still limited in Japan. Using the AMI-Kyoto Multi-Center Risk Study database, the clinical background characteristics, angiographic findings, primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) results and in-hospital prognoses were retrospectively compared between AMI patients with totally occluded ...
Kiugel Max M Turku PET Centre, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, 20520, Turku, - - 2014
We evaluated a dimeric RGD-peptide, [(68)Ga]DOTA-E-[c(RGDfK)]2, for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of myocardial integrin expression associated with extracellular matrix remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) in rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were studied at 7 days and 4 weeks after MI induced by permanent ligation of the left coronary artery and compared with ...
Choi Diana D Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to compare the clinical features of Chinese and South Asians, the 2 largest minority populations in Canada, with non-Chinese/non-South Asian (NCH/NSA) patients managed in common social macroenvironments and healthcare systems. Heart failure is an increasingly prevalent condition. Although ethnic minorities comprise a growing proportion ...
Khoo Valerie V National University Hospital Cardiac Department, Level 3, Main Building, National University Hospital, 5, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore. - - 2014
We aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of side-branch compromise (SBC) in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Little data exist on SBC in AMI patients, especially in the drug-eluting stent era. We recruited 174 patients who underwent primary PCI over a ...
Andersson Charlotte C Framingham Heart Study, Mt Wayte Avenue 73, Suite 2, Framingham, MA 01702-5827, USA; Section of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Boston University School of Medicine, 801 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 470, Boston, MA 02118, USA; Department of Cardiology, Gentofte Hospital, Niels Andersens vej 65, Hellerup 2900, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is a common condition, and the prevalence is projected to increase further. Studies differ in the reported incidence and mortality associated with this condition, although there is agreement that between a third and one-half of all patients with heart failure have HFPEF. Although ...
Mark Daniel B DB From The Outcomes Research Group (D.B.M., K.J.A., J.D.K., N.E.C.-C., D.M.L.) and Duke Clinical Research Institute (K.L.L.), Duke University Medical Center, Duke University, Durham, NC; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD (R.B., R.L.N., Y.R.); Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, IA (C.G.); Biogenesis Medical Center, Landrum, SC (T.C.R.); Integrative Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City (J.D.); and Columbia University Division of Cardiology at Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami, FL (G.A.L.). - - 2014
The National Institutes of Health-funded Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT) randomized 1708 stable coronary disease patients aged ≥50 years who were ≥6 months post-myocardial infarction (2003-2010) to 40 infusions of a multicomponent EDTA chelation solution or placebo. Chelation reduced the primary composite end point of mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction, ...
Iwano Hiroyuki H Division of Cardiology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, - - 2014
The effect of diastolic dysfunction (DD) on the timing of left ventricular (LV) diastolic longitudinal and circumferential expansion and their load dependence is not known. This study evaluated the timing of the peak early diastolic LV inflow velocity (E), mitral annular velocity (e'), and longitudinal and circumferential global strain rates ...
Bonios Michael J MJ Third Cardiology Department, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece Drs. Bonios and Kaladaridou contributed equally to this - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is related to increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to examine whether LV deformational and torsional parameters can predict LV remodeling in patients with AMI. Forty-two patients (age 57 ± 14 years) presenting with an anterior ...
Yuan Fei F Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Drug-eluting stents (DES) with durable polymer have significantly reduced restenosis and target vessel revascularization compared with bare metal stents. Durable polymer has been linked with persistent inflammation of vessel wall and delayed endothelial healing that may increase the risk of late and very late stent thrombosis. This study sought to ...
Almudarra Sami S SS Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this study was to report outcomes from percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to an unprotected left main stem (UPLMS) stenosis according to presenting syndrome, including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), and chronic stable angina (CSA). There are no published whole-country data concerning patient ...
Guerchicoff Alejandra A Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New - - 2014
Our aim was to study the impact of delay from symptom onset to first coronary device on infarct size and clinical outcomes at 30 days and 1 year in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Longer delay from symptom onset to reperfusion has been ...
Martin Seth S SS Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease, 600 N. Wolfe St, Carnegie 565-G, Baltimore, 21287 MD, USA - - 2014
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is highly heterogeneous and the link of its subclasses to prognosis remains controversial. We aimed to rigorously examine the associations of HDL subclasses with prognosis in secondary prevention. We collaboratively analysed data from two, complementary prospective cohorts: the TRIUMPH study of 2465 acute myocardial infarction patients, and ...
Jensen Maria M MM Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Herlev Hospital, Herlev, - - 2014
Estimation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with 99MTc-HSA equilibrium radionuclide angiography (RA) is frequently used for assessing cardiac function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interstudy repeatability of left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular volume and ejection fraction estimations, using a cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) SPECT camera. Forty-six ...
Plakht Ygal Y Nursing Research Unit, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in elderly people. Over the past decades medical advancements in the management of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) led to improved survival and increased life expectancy. As short-term survival from AMI improves, more attention is being shifted toward understanding and improving ...
Okada Munemasa M Department of Radiology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sublingual nitroglycerin capsules or spray is routinely used to treat anginal attacks and to maximally dilate the epicardial coronary arteries during coronary angiography. These dilated coronary vessels have an advantage, but increased heart rates were disadvantageous for coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). The influence of applying nitroglycerin was analyzed regarding ...
Onuma Yoshinobu Y Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Aims: The reported rate of stent thrombosis (ST) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation varies among registries. To investigate differences in baseline characteristics and clinical outcome in European and Japanese all-comers registries, we performed a pooled analysis of patient-level data. Methods and results: The j-Cypher registry (JC) is a multicentre observational ...
Gierula John J aLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust bDivision of Cardiovascular and Diabetes Research, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Leeds cLeeds Institute of Health Sciences, Leeds, - - 2014
Patients with right ventricular pacemakers are at increased risk of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). We aimed to establish the prevalence, degree and associations of LVSD in patients with long-term right ventricular pacemakers listed for pulse generator replacement (PGR). All patients listed for PGR at Leeds General Infirmary were invited ...
García-García Héctor M HM Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Cardialysis, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary plaque size modification, by either local (device) or systemic treatments, has been the target for many years. From ABSORB Cohort A (Absorb BVS 1.0), ABSORB Cohort B (Absorb BVS 1.1), SPIRIT FIRST (Multi-Link Vision vs. Xience V) & SPIRIT II (Xience V vs. Taxus), we calculated the total plaque ...
Sassi R R Roberto Sassi, Dipartimento di Informatica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Bramante 65, 26013 Crema (CR), Italy, E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives: We investigated if cardiac spatial repolarization heterogeneity might be associated with an increased risk of death in patients with chronic Chagas disease. Methods: Repolarization heterogeneity was assessed using the V-index, a recently introduced metric founded on a biophysical model of the ECG. This metric provides an estimate of the ...
Lowenstein Jorge A JA Investigaciones Médicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) increases the diagnostic sensitivity of stress echocardiography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of CFVR in patients without new wall motion abnormalities during pharmacologic stress echocardiography. The outcomes of 651 patients with normal wall motion response during stress echocardiography with ...
Kranjec Igor I Department of Cardiology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence, predictors, and presentation of target vessel failure (TVF) after primary stenting for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI) as opposed to elective stenting. A total of 8237 consecutive patients undergoing urgent or elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled in our ...
Krestjyaninov Mv M Ulyanovsk Regional Hospital of War Veterans, Functional diagnostics, Ulyanovsk, Russian - - 2014
Arrhythmias development determined by structural alterations of the heart, renin-angiotensin system activity and genetic factors. The purpose of our study was to evaluate angiotensin 2 receptor type 1 (AT2P1) gene polymorphism effect on development of arrhythmias in hypertensive patients. Were examined 125 patients with arterial hypertension (AH) 1-3 grade complicated ...
Oosterhoff P P Netherlands Heart Institute (ICIN), Utrecht, - - 2014
Pronounced beat-to-beat variability in cardiac repolarization duration (BVR) is associated with increased arrhythmic risk in patients, animal models and isolated cardiomyocytes. However, the mechanisms linking an enhanced BVR to arrhythmogenicity is unknown and may differ between single cells and the intact heart, since cellular coupling is known to attenuate repolarization ...
Skyschally A A University of Essen Medical School, Institute for Pathophysiology, Essen, - - 2014
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), i.e. brief periods of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) prior to prolonged ischemia, protects the myocardium from irreversible damage and reduces final infarct size. IPC is believed to act through reduction of reperfusion injury. We have now analyzed continuously recorded ECG-derived parameters, notably the time course of ST-segment deviation and ...
Te Rijdt Wp W University Medical Center Groningen, Cardiology, Groningen, - - 2014
To examine the gross and microscopic pathological features of complete heart specimens from patients carrying the phospholamban (PLN) p.Arg14del mutation and to test our hypothesis that this mutation leads to aggregation and autophagy of mutant PLN protein in cardiomyocytes. Sixteen hearts were studied, acquired from 8 male and 8 female ...
Van Hout G P J GP University Medical Center Utrecht, Division Heart and Lungs, Experimental Cardiology, Utrecht, - - 2014
Successful translation of pre-clinical treatment strategies into clinical therapies depends on reproducible, conclusive models. To date, two distinctive procedures for the induction of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion to test novel therapies for myocardial infarction (MI) are commonly used. The first method applies coronary artery ligation via an open chest procedure, requiring invasive ...
Pickard J M J JM Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, London, United - - 2014
Remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) is a phenomenon of great potential clinical significance, being a non-invasive method to limit lethal reperfusion injury. Moreover, the identity of the putative cardioprotective factor, released from the remote organ, has been the subject of many recent studies. In this regard, cardioprotection via transfer of coronary ...
Khan A A Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) is a guide wire-based procedure that can accurately measure flow through a specific part of the coronary artery by placing a pressure guidewire across the lesion and pharmacologically induced hyperaemia.The aim of our study was to determine the long term clinical cardiovascular outcome, of patients who ...
Kleinbongard P P University of Essen Medical School, Institute of Pathophysiology, Essen, - - 2014
In pigs, ivabradine reduced infarct size even when given only at reperfusion and in the absence of heart rate reduction (atrial pacing). The mechanism of such non-heart rate-related cardioprotection is unknown. Pentobarbital-anesthetized C57Bl/6J mice received ivabradine (1.7 mg/kg i.v. ± left atrial pacing) or placebo and were subjected to occlusion ...
Juhasz L L University of Szeged, Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, Szeged, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to assess nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity during a 25 min coronary artery occlusion and following preconditioning (PC) in anaesthetized dogs. In three groups of control dogs (n=9), the hearts were removed following a) euthanasia, b) 5 min and c) 25 min occlusion ...
Casos K K University Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Department of Reparative Therapy of the Heart.Cardiac Surgery Department.Vall d'Hebron Research Inst, Barcelona, - - 2014
Ischemic heart disease is the major cause of death in developed countries and infarct size is the major determinant of prognosis. Ischemic postconditioning (IPostC), a sequence of short reperfusion-ischemia episodes after a prolonged ischemic period, has been proposed as a useful approach to reduce infarct size in all species, including ...
Shin D I DI Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea, Republic - - 2014
Vasospastic angina (VA) has been reported to be more frequent in the East than in the West. However, in Korea, a grand scale analysis has not been done yet. We planned to set the multi-center registry for Korean VA. Total 11 centers of 9 universities participated in prospective, web-based VA-KOREA ...
Tagieva N N Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex, Acute cardiac care, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
Title: Vulnerable index (VI) detected by virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) in diseased coronary segments in patients with acute myocardial infarction and stable angina pectoris. The present study examined the relationship between the clinical presentation of coronary artery disease and the plaque characteristics of nonculprit segment assessed by virtual histology ...
Tribulova N N Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute for Heart Research, Bratislava, Slovak - - 2014
Hypertension remains the most prevalent risk factor that increases propensity of the heart to the malignant arrhythmias due to myocardial remodeling. Data, including ours, suggest that hypertension is accompanied by melatonin and omega-3 FA deficiency but enhanced free radicals production. In turn, high BP was reduced in pts and/or animals ...
Krestjyaninov Mv M Ulyanovsk Regional Hospital of War Veterans, Functional diagnostics, Ulyanovsk, Russian - - 2014
It's well known that left ventricle (LV) geometry type is strongly associated with stroke and myocardial infarction in hypertensive patients. The most negative prognosis have persons with concentric hypertrophy of LV and concentric remodelling of LV. Both cardiomyocytes and extracellular matrix are involved in left ventricle remodelling process and their ...
Shalaeva E E Tashkent Medical Academy, Tashkent, - - 2014
Objective of the study was to assess viable myocardium in patients with left ventricular aneurysm, according to myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with Tc 99m - technetril. 64 patients aged from 45 to 65 years (mean age 52 ± 12,5), 61 males and 1 female were examined in the Republican Specialized Center ...
Gedik N N University Hospital of Essen (Ruhr), Institute of Pathophysiology, Essen, - - 2014
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) by repeated brief limb ischemia/reperfusion reduces myocardial injury in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) in left ventricular (LV) myocardium at early reperfusion is associated with such protection. Autophagy, i.e., removal of dysfunctional cellular components ...
Gacon J J E. Szczeklik Hospital, Department of Invasive Cardiology, Tarnow, - - 2014
Objective Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are recognized as useful cardiovascular biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Vessel occlusion is not always manifested with ST-elevation; no specific biomarkers have been identified to differentiate ACS with patent or occluded infarct-related coronary artery (IRA). Methods Forty-four consecutive patients (mean age 57.5±9.9 years) with uncomplicated ...
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