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Reiffel James A JA ECG Laboratory, 6th floor, Milstein Pavilion The New York Presbyterian Hospital 177 Fort Washington Ave., New York, NY 10032. - - 2014
Advances in the therapy of atrial fibrillation (AF) have not come easily or quickly, despite the recognized need for significantly better antiarrhythmic agents for AF termination and prevention as well as for more user-friendly anticoagulants for the prevention of emboli in patients with AF. Rather, the road has been only ...
Woitzik Johannes J From the Department of Neurosurgery (J.W., A.P., N.H., N.S., P.V.), Center for Stroke Research Berlin (J.W., A.P., N.H., N.S., M.S., C.D., J.P.D., P.V.), Departments of Neuroradiology (M.S.) and Neurology (C.D., J.P.D.), Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
We investigated to what extent excitotoxicity and metabolic changes in the peri-infarct region of patients with malignant hemispheric stroke are associated with delayed infarct progression. In 18 patients with malignant hemispheric stroke, 2 microdialysis probes were implanted within the peri-infarct tissue at a distance of 5 and 15 mm to ...
Han Yunfeng Y Department of Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
The previously study found, using a mouse model, that acute myocardial infarction accelerated atherosclerosis. This study assessed whether ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) accelerates the progression of non-culprit coronary lesion (NCCL) in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Four hundred and forty-nine patients who underwent successful PCI with stents ...
Corban Michel T MT Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Large plaque burden, certain phenotypes, and low wall shear stress (WSS) are associated with adverse outcomes and high WSS with development of plaque vulnerability. We aimed to investigate the incremental value of the combination of plaque burden, WSS and plaque phenotype for prediction of coronary atherosclerotic plaque progression and vulnerability. ...
Khan Muhammad Arif MA Prince Salman Heart Center, King Fahad Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia - - 2013
We present a rare case of giant left ventricular apical fibroma presenting as recurrent ventricular tachycardia in a 14-month-old girl. The diagnosis was made by echocardiography and chest computed tomography, and confirmed by histopathology. The fibroma was resected surgically, and the patient followed up for 4 years.
Akutsu Yasushi - - 2013
Development of atrial fibrillation (AF) is complexly associated with electrical and structural remodeling and other factors every stage of AF development. We hypothesized that P wave electrocardiography with an elevated brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level would be associated with the progression to persistence from paroxysmal AF. P wave electrocardiography such ...
Zeb Irfan - - 2013
Statins have been shown to reduce plaque progression using data on intravascular ultrasound, carotid intima-media thickness and coronary artery calcium scans. However, there is little data on effects of statins on plaque progression using Coronary CTA. The objective is to evaluate the effect of statin therapy on plaque progression using ...
Mondal Lakshmikanta - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the progression of glaucomatous field damage in patients with stable primary open angle glaucoma after an attack of myocardial infarction. In this case control study, 62 open angle glaucoma patients were selected and regularly followed up. Among 62 patients, 9 had an ...
Cassidy-Bushrow Andrea E AE Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Hospital, One Ford Place, Detroit, MI, - - 2013
Matrix gla protein (MGP) inhibits arterial and cartilaginous calcification. A threonine to alanine (Thr83Ala) polymorphism (codon 83) in MGP is associated with myocardial infarction and femoral artery calcification. We examined the association of the MGP Thr83Ala polymorphism with quantity and progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a noninvasive measure of ...
Derflinger Sabine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infarctions of the anterior choroidal artery affect multiple anatomical structures, leading to a wide spectrum of neurological deficits with frequent symptom fluctuation or progression. AIMS: To assess etiological mechanisms, frequency, and predictors of symptom progression, as well as its impact on prognosis. METHODS: Anterior choroidal artery infarct patients were ...
Løland Kjetil H - - 2013
We previously showed that treatment with folic acid (FA)/B12 was associated with more rapid progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). High doses of FA may induce methylation by increasing the availability of S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and trimethyllysine (TML) are both produced through proteolytic release following post-translational SAM-dependent methylation ...
Xin Hui - - 2013
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes oxidized phospholipids to generate bioactive proatherogenic products. Nonculprit lesions have been assumed to contribute to the pathogenesis of recurrent acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The role of LP-PLA2 in the progression of nonculprit coronary lesions after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains ...
Williams Adam R - - 2013
Intramyocardial injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy is associated with reverse remodeling in experimental models and humans. Here, we tested the hypothesis that allogeneic MSC therapy drives ventricular remodeling by producing durable and progressive scar size reduction in ischemic cardiomyopathy. Gottingen swine (n=12) underwent left anterior ...
Puri Rishi R Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the progression of atherosclerosis within the left main coronary artery (LMCA) in association with risk factor modifying therapies. Despite studies demonstrating slowing of disease progression within epicardial coronaries with risk factor modification, little is known about the natural history and clinical sequelae ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Progression of coronary atherosclerosis (ATS) has clinical implications. Serum levels of γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), a marker of oxidative stress, predict the risk of cardiovascular events. However, the role of GGT levels in the progression of coronary ATS has never been established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing two coronary angiographies ...
Kloppenborg R P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether severity and progression of periventricular and deep white matter lesions (WML) and lacunar infarcts were associated with progression of brain atrophy. METHODS: Within the SMART-MR study, a prospective cohort on MRI changes in patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic disease, 565 patients (57 ± 9 years) without large ...
Singh Bharat - - 2012
Congestive heart failure (CHF) affects more than 5 million people in the United States and is one of the most common reasons for recurrent hospitalizations. Since the majority of admissions related to CHF are secondary to progressively worsening congestion, many clinicians are quick to initiate aggressive diuresis once early signs ...
Todiere Giancarlo - - 2012
This study sought to assess the rate of progression of fibrosis by 2 consecutive cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examinations and its relation with clinical variables. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) myocardial fibrosis, detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), is associated to a progressive ventricular dysfunction and worse prognosis. A total of ...
Malherbe Christopher R - - 2012
A syndrome of progressive right-sided heart failure occurred among yearling Holsteins at a heifer-raising facility and 2 dairies on the Colorado Front Range between 2007 and 2011. Most cases were seen at the heifer-raising facility, where the disease ranked second only to pneumonia as a major cause of death in ...
Herrmann Joerg - - 2012
Far more extensive than the epicardial coronary vasculature that can be visualized angiographically is the coronary microcirculation, which foregoes routine imaging. Probably due to the lack of techniques able to provide tangible evidence of its crucial role, the clinical importance of coronary microvascular dysfunction is not fully appreciated. However, evidence ...
Dungu Jason N - - 2012
Cardiac amyloidosis of transthyretin fibril protein (ATTR) type is an infiltrative cardiomyopathy characterised by ventricular wall thickening and diastolic heart failure. Increased access to cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging has led to a marked increase in referrals to our centre of Caucasian patients with wild-type ATTR (senile systemic) amyloidosis and Afro-Caribbean ...
Lopshire John C - - 2012
Heart failure is the final common pathway in many forms of heart disease, and is associated with excessive morbidity and mortality. Pathophysiologic alterations in the interaction between the heart and the autonomic nervous system in advanced heart failure have been noted for decades. Over the last decade, great advances have ...
Evrengul Harun - - 2012
Neurofibromatosis is an autosomal dominant multi-system genetic disorder. Extra-cardiac vascular manifestations of neurofibromatosis have been previously described in many reports. However, coronary arterial involvements have been rarely described. A 17-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis presented to our institute with subacute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiogram revealed an aneurysm with thrombus in the ...
Vijlbrief Daniel C - - 2012
Cardiac biomarkers are used to identify cardiac disease in term and preterm infants. This review discusses natriuretic peptides and cardiac troponins. Natriuretic peptides are elevated during atrial (atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)) or ventricular (B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) strain. They correspond well with cardiac function and can be used to identify ...
Grillone Saverio - - 2012
Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a myocardial disorder characterized by prominent trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses within the left ventricular wall. Multi-slice computed tomography (CT) might represent a valid non-invasive imaging technique for the diagnostic work-up of these patients, being able to visualize the compacted and non-compacted layers and to ...
Laurent Gabriel - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe a new familial cardiac phenotype and to elucidate the electrophysiological mechanism responsible for the disease. Mutations in several genes encoding ion channels, especially SCN5A, have emerged as the basis for a variety of inherited cardiac arrhythmias. Three unrelated families comprising 21 individuals ...
Yamashita Tsutomu - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report a reduction in macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness detected with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with homonymous hemianopia following acquired cerebral damage. METHODS: We analyzed case reports of three patients with unilateral posterior cerebral artery (PCA) infarction. Three patients (aged 66, 68, and 71 years) ...
Correia Ana Sofia - - 2012
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible form of left ventricular dysfunction with an apparently benign natural history after left ventricular recovery. Rarely there are complications such as arrhythmias and apical thrombus. We describe a case of takotsubo cardiomyopathy complicated with apical thrombus and persistent complete atrioventricular block after improvement of left ...
Tao Wen-Dan - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Distinguishing between symptoms of posterior circulation infarction (PCI) and anterior circulation infarction (ACI) can be challenging. This study evaluated the frequency of symptoms/signs in the 2 vascular territories to determine the diagnostic value of particular symptoms/signs for PCI. METHODS: Neurological deficits were reviewed and compared from 1174 ...
Lynch David R - - 2012
The autosomal-recessive disorder Friedreich's ataxia is characterized by progressive ataxia, often in association with cardiomyopathy. The most frequent cause of death is cardiac dysfunction, reflecting congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias and cardio-embolic stroke. With the discovery of the underlying genetic mutation, a variety of novel therapies are now progressing into ...
Ahn Jong-Hwa - - 2012
Isolated left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare disorder caused by embryonic arrest of compaction. LVNC is sometimes associated with other congenital cardiac disorders; however, there have been few reports of its coexistence with a left ventricular aneurysm. A 40-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for renal infarction. She ...
Apostolakis Stavros - - 2012
Until recently, the right ventricle (RV) received little attention in adult patients with congenital heart disease and even less attention in the setting of acquired heart failure. However, in the last two decades, our perspective towards the right side of the heart has begun to change. Advances in imaging modalities ...
Dorn Gerald W GW - - 2012
"You have a big heart." These five words have almost as many implications. Being "big hearted" can describe a generous and giving nature. In a different context, Secretariat's heart was unusually large because he carried an X-linked gene(1) conferring on him rare physiological attributes that in 1973 propelled him to ...
Dell'italia Louis J - - 2012
Under normal baseline conditions the unique anatomy, myocardial ultrastructure, and coronary physiology of the right ventricle (RV) reflect a high-volume low-pressure pump. Early work described the RV as a passive conduit with minimal pumping capability. It is now appreciated that through a mechanism of ventricular interdependence, RV systolic function and ...
Michowitz Yoav - - 2012
Ventricular tachycardia as a late complication of blunt chest trauma has never been reported. We present a case of combined endocardial and epicardial delineation of the right ventricular arrhythmogenic substrate, where other causes of cardiomyopathy were excluded. The epicardial scar was more extensive than endocardial scar, and the central isthmus ...
Stapelberg Nicolas J - - 2012
Objective: There is a reciprocal association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and coronary heart disease (CHD). These conditions are linked by a causal network of mechanisms. This causal network should be quantitatively studied and it is hypothesised that the investigation of vagal function represents a promising starting point. Heart rate ...
Sharma Jagdish N - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases are the prime cause of death in the world. The kallikrein-kinin system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of the vascular smooth muscle and cardiac dysfunctions. In recent years, numerous observations obtained from clinical and experimental models of diabetes, hypertension, cardiac failure, ischemia, myocardial infarction and left ventricular ...
Mantini Nicholas - - 2012
Cardiac sarcoid is an infiltrative, granulomatous disease of the myocardium. It is more prevalent entity than once believed, especially subclinical disease. It affects heart mechanics causing ventricular failure, and disrupts the cardiac electrical system leading to third degree heart block, malignant ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. This makes early ...
Rapezzi Claudio - - 2012
Hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis remains a widely underdiagnosed condition, owing to its extreme phenotypic variability: the clinical spectrum of the disease ranges from an almost exclusive neurologic involvement to strictly cardiac manifestations. This heterogeneity is linked to several factors including specific transthyretin mutations, geographic distribution and endemic vs. non-endemic aggregation type. ...
Bang Ji Hyun - - 2012
Takayasu's arteritis is an inflammatory vasculitis that primarily affects the aorta and its major branches. Involvement of the thoracic and abdominal aortas, although rare, causes marked hypertension and may lead to severe heart failure. We report the improvement of cardiac function after axillofemoral bypass grafting in a 59-year-old woman who ...
Martin Claire A CA Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EG, UK. - - 2012
Mutations involving cardiac ion channels result in abnormal action potential formation or propagation, leading to cardiac arrhythmias. Despite the large impact on society of sudden cardiac death resulting from such arrhythmias, understanding of the underlying cellular mechanism is poor and clinical risk stratification and treatment consequently limited. Basic research using ...
Mehrzad Raman - - 2012
Active contiguous abnormalities can frequently involve the pericardium. Prominent among these are cardiac conditions which encroach on the pericardium, particularly transmural myocardial infarction (newly always with Q-waves). Complications of infarctions, notably myocardial pseudoaneurysm, have one wall which is pericardium. Furthermore, dissecting aneurysm of the aorta and the intramural aortic hemorrhage ...
Knaapen Max - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome, left over right coronary dominance appears to be independently associated with increased long-term mortality. This could lead to decreasing numbers of patients with a left dominant coronary artery system in older age groups. METHODS: We assessed the type of coronary dominance ...
Koenig Gerald C - - 2012
The myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM), an interwoven meshwork of proteins, glycoproteins, proteoglycans, and glycosaminoglycans that is dominated by polymeric fibrils of type I collagen, serves as the mechanical scaffold on which myocytes are arrayed for coordinated and synergistic force transduction. Following ischemic injury, cardiac ECM remodeling is initiated via localized ...
- - 2012
Pediatric sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), which can cause sudden cardiac death if not treated within minutes, has a profound effect on everyone: children, parents, family members, communities, and health care providers. Preventing the tragedy of pediatric SCA, defined as the abrupt and unexpected loss of heart function, remains a concern ...
Murray Brittney - - 2012
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is heritable cardiomyopathy that may result in arrhythmia, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Approximately 50-60% of ARVD/C patient will have an identifiable pathogenic mutation in one of seven genes associated with the cardiac desmosome and other cardiac pathways. Genetic counseling remains complicated, however, ...
Daubert Claude - - 2012
The growing interest in dyssynchrony and cardiac resynchronization therapy has opened the field of cardiac stimulation to new haemodynamic indications. French investigators have played a key role in the formulation of new concepts, all arising from clinical observations, and the development (in collaboration with industry) and clinical evaluation of resynchronization ...
Veltman Caroline E - - 2012
AimsLimited information is available regarding the relationship between coronary vessel dominance and prognosis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value of coronary vessel dominance in relation to significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients referred for computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA).Methods and resultsThe study population ...
Fox Philip R - - 2012
Mitral valve competence requires complex interplay between structures that comprise the mitral apparatus - the mitral annulus, mitral valve leaflets, chordae tendineae, papillary muscles, and left atrial and left ventricular myocardium. Myxomatous mitral valve degeneration is prevalent in the canine, and most adult dogs develop some degree of mitral valve ...
Chetboul Valérie - - 2012
Degenerative mitral valve disease (MVD), the most common acquired heart disease in small-sized dogs, is characterized by valvular degeneration resulting in systolic mitral valve regurgitation (MR). Worsening of MR leads to several combined complications including cardiac remodeling, increased left ventricular filling pressure, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and myocardial dysfunction. Conventional two-dimensional, ...
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