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Results 451 - 500 of 1685
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Rafay Mubeen F - - 2006
Two children with a new diagnosis of hemorrhagic type moyamoya disease experienced cerebral infarction after intraventricular hemorrhage. The patients developed ischemia 15 and 2 days after the initial diagnosis of hemorrhage. No provocative factor such as hypoperfusion was identified, but both patients exhibited signs of increased intracranial pressure on computed ...
Hartings Jed A - - 2006
Several studies have highlighted a delayed secondary pathology developing after reperfusion in animals subjected to prolonged cerebral ischemia, and recently we have shown that peri-infarct depolarizations (PIDs) occur not only during ischemia, but also in this delayed period of infarct maturation. Here we study the electrocorticographic (ECoG) manifestations of PIDs ...
Rabinstein A A - - 2006
Although the role of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the investigation of stroke mechanism is well established, the value of this test in patients with lacunar presentation is unclear. Review of 214 patients with acute cerebral ischemia referred for TEE to exclude cardioaortic sources of embolism after non-diagnostic basic work-up including ...
Guo Yi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen-depleting agents are promising in the treatment of cerebral ischemic disease. They were studied by many trials, and the outcomes were different because of different regimens and different doses. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of defibrase on acute cerebral infarction in China. METHODS: A search ...
Omura Tomohiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arachidonic acid that is released following cerebral ischemia can be metabolized to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE). 20-HETE is a potent vasoconstrictor that may contribute to ischemic injury. This study examined the effects of blockading the synthesis of 20-HETE with TS-011 on infarct size after transient occlusion of the ...
Elger Bernd - - 2006
In acute stroke, the therapeutic time window is a critical factor which may have contributed to the failure of several phase III clinical trials with so-called neuroprotective agents. Since cerebral glutamate levels are elevated for many hours in progressing stroke, we investigated the novel AMPA glutamate receptor antagonist ZK 187638 ...
Bendszus Martin - - 2006
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders are the main cause of death and permanent disability worldwide. Improved diagnostic and therapeutic options for these diseases have led to increasing numbers of invasive procedures such as angiography, stent placement, and operations exceeding 4 million each year in the USA. Although clinical examinations suggest a ...
Lastilla Marcello - - 2006
The term lacuna, or cerebral infarct, refers to a well-defined, subcortical ischemic lesion at the level of a single perforating artery, determined by primary disease of the latter. The radiological image is that of a small, deep infarct. Arteries undergoing these alterations are deep or perforating arteries with a diameter ...
Piguet Olivier - - 2006
BVR was 77 years old when he sustained a large posterior cerebral artery territory infarct. Medical, cognitive and functional data collected on four occasions over 10 years initially revealed circumscribed neurological signs, no functional or cognitive deficits. BVR became significantly impaired only after two other strokes, 3 years before death. ...
Kim Hyun-Ah - - 2006
The aim of this study was to document the clinical presentation, vascular topographic patterns, stroke mechanism, and outcome of bilateral infarcts in the territory of the superior cerebellar artery (SCA) based on data collected from a prospective acute stroke registry. We studied the clinical and radiological features of 11 patients ...
Shimamura Norihito - - 2006
A variety of intraluminal sutures have been used in the middle cerebral artery occlusion model (MCAO) of focal ischemia. In the present study we tested commercially available silicon-coated nylon suture in the MCAO model and compared the results to traditional monofilament nylon suture occlusion. Twelve Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly ...
Jaramillo A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early detection of malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery (MI-MCA) is important because of possible treatment by hemicraniectomy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anatomic and vascular predictors of MI-MCA. METHOD: The authors evaluated 192 consecutive autopsies of patients with nonlacunar cerebral infarction affecting the MCA territory. MI-MCA was defined ...
Naganuma Masaki - - 2006
A 65-year-old woman experienced sudden positional vertigo with rightward, horizontal nystagmus that resolved within days. MRI revealed a left parietal lobe infarction involving the supramarginal gyrus. The patient experienced a transient recurrence of vertigo after 7 days but MRI failed to reveal the presence of any new lesions; furthermore, the ...
Cumurciuc Rodica - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited systemic arteriopathy caused by highly stereotyped mutations in NOTCH3. The clinical expression of CADASIL is confined to the central nervous system with characteristic recurrent subcortical infarcts and vascular dementia. However, cases have been reported ...
Hongwen Zeng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effects of acupuncture treatment by the 'Three-Step Needling' Method for acute cerebral infarction. METHOD: While receiving the routine medical treatment, 68 cases were treated by the acupuncture method of 'Three-Step Needling'. RESULTS: 27 of the 68 cases were basically cured, 23 markedly improved, 15 improved, ...
Garosi L - - 2006
Medical records of 40 dogs presented for evaluation of acute-onset, nonprogressive, intracranial dysfunction by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis of brain infarction were reviewed. Location of the brain infarcts was: 11 of 38, telencephalic; 8 of 38, thalamic/midbrain; 18 of 38, cerebellar; and 3 of 38, multifocal. Telencephalic ...
Anderson R E - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The cerebral state index (CSI) derived from a new small handheld electroencephalogram monitor was studied during routine day surgical anaesthesia titrated according to the bispectral index (BIS). The objective was to determine the degree of agreement between the two monitors. METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and ...
Chock Valerie Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Neonates with congenital heart disease might require surgical repair with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, a technique associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Antegrade cerebral perfusion is thought to minimize ischemic brain injury, although there are no supporting experimental data. We sought to evaluate and compare the extent of neurologic injury ...
Kalaria Raj N - - 2006
Atherothromboembolism and intracranial small vessel disease are considered to be the main causes of cerebrovascular injury, which may lead to cognitive impairment and vascular dementia (VaD). VaD appears to be the second most common type of dementia with prevalence estimates of 10-15%. Cortical or multi-infarct dementia and subcortical vascular dementia ...
Wang H - - 2006
We report a case of a 69-year-old white female who presented with a large left internal carotid artery occlusive stroke from a cardiogenic embolus. She was enrolled in an institutional study using a specially designed cooling helmet. Bilateral intracranial pressure (ICP) and temperature probes were placed to determine if there ...
Imhof Anouk - - 2006
Clusterin is a glycoprotein highly expressed in response to tissue injury. Using clusterin-deficient (Clu-/-) mice, we investigated the role of clusterin after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). In wild-type (WT) mice, clusterin mRNA displayed a sustained increase in the peri-infarct area from 14 to 30 days post-MCAO. Clusterin transcript ...
De Michele Manuela - - 2006
Galanin (Gal) is a neuropeptide with supposed neurotrophic-like action. In the present study, expression of Gal has been investigated in the core and peri-infarct zone at 1, 4, 24 and 72 h after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in the rat. Three days after MCAo a small but consistent number ...
Lai C-C - - 2006
An 81 year old man with a history of hypertension received intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) for right middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. He had not had stroke or arrhythmia previously. The initial National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 8. However, a left MCA territory infarction ...
Wang Shuguang - - 2006
Myocardial hypofunction could lead to the derangement of brain functions. The expression of c-fos and heat shock protein (hsp) genes was recognized as markers of neural cell injury. We under took this study to investigate the influence of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) on these molecular events in the rat ...
Yong Seok Woo - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of internal border-zone (IBZ) and cortical border-zone (CBZ) infarcts is unclear. Both types of infarct have been combined into a single group in most previous reports, which has produced conflicting results. We hypothesized that different pathogenic mechanisms underlie IBZ and CBZ infarcts. METHODS: We reviewed ...
Tang Sung-Chun - - 2006
Vascular lesions are infrequently recognized as manifestations of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), but they can produce serious complications and contribute to mortality at younger ages. Here we report the case of a young female patient with NF1 who suffered from a fatal middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct. In addition to the ...
Park K C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients with posterior cerebral artery (PCA) infarctions to learn whether hemispatial neglect is more frequent and severe after right than left PCA infarction; whether visual field defects (VFDs) influence the presence or severity of hemispatial neglect; and the anatomic loci of lesions that are associated with hemispatial ...
Jieyong Bian - - 2006
Both mild hypothermia (MH) and decompressive craniectomy (CE) have been shown to have neuroprotective effects in brain ischemia. We investigated a possible effect of MH and a combination of CE and MH (CE + MH) on the changes of infarction size, DNA fragmentation, and immunoreactivities for Bcl-2 and Bax after ...
Krings Timo - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the anterior circulation, the hyperdense middle cerebral artery (MCA) sign is a well-established marker for early ischemia. Similarly, the hyperdense basilar artery sign or the MCA "dot" sign may be a diagnostic clue for basilar artery or distal MCA branch thrombosis. The purpose of this study ...
Delgado Pilar - - 2006
Massive unilateral hemispheric infarction often develops progressive postischemic edema that leads to a malignant course of stroke with mortality of up to 80% with conventional medical therapies. Hypothermia and decompressive hemicraniectomy have shown neuroprotective effects in several animal models of focal transient and permanent MCA occlusion by reducing infarct size ...
Debaun Michael R - - 2006
The most devastating complication of sickle cell anemia is cerebral infarction, affecting approximately 30% of all individuals with sickle cell anemia. Despite being one of the most common causes of stroke in infants and children, the mechanism of cerebral infarction in this population has not been extensively studied and is ...
Josephs Keith A - - 2006
To determine the rates of cerebral atrophy and ventricular expansion in six patients with autopsy confirmed progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and multiple antemortem volumetric head MRI scans. This study uses the boundary shift integral to determine rates of cerebral atrophy and ventricular expansion in six patients with pathologically confirmed PSP ...
Schneider Armin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is known as a powerful regulator of white blood cell proliferation and differentiation in mammals. We, and others, have shown that G-CSF is effective in treating cerebral ischemia in rodents, both relating to infarct size as well as functional recovery. G-CSF and its receptor are ...
Sakaura Hironobu - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There have been only five reported cases with cerebellar hemorrhagic infarction after spinal surgery, and the underlying pathomechanism remains obscure. PURPOSE: To describe a case with multiple cerebellar hemorrhagic infarctions after surgery for a huge atlantoaxial neurinoma. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Case report METHODS: A 36-year-old man underwent uneventful surgery ...
Humpich Marek - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of early (<6 h) versus delayed (>6 h) recanalization on infarct pattern in acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. METHODS: 35 patients with acute MCA occlusion (M1 segment; symptom onset <6 h) were analyzed. Stroke MRI was performed immediately after admission (day 0), and on ...
Nolan Colum P - - 2006
The authors tested the null hypothesis that published literature with a high level of evidence does not support the assertion that subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes cerebral vasospasm, which in turn causes cerebral infarction and poor outcome after aneurysmal SAH. The medical literature on SAH was searched in MEDLINE. The author's ...
Menon Devidas - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the safety, efficacy, and economic implications of the use of cerebral protection devices during carotid artery angioplasty and stenting (CAS) in high-risk patients with severe carotid artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A comprehensive search for peer- and non-peer-reviewed studies that compared carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or ...
Suzuki Yasuhiro - - 2006
Perfusion computed tomography (CT) was performed in patients with acute-stage stroke to assess the indications for percutaneous transluminal reconstruction (PTR). This study included 59 patients admitted within 8 hours of onset of stroke in whom initial CT demonstrated no ischemic changes. Multiple regions of interest (ROIs) were selected in the ...
Vizzardi Enrico - - 2006
Non-compaction of the left ventricle (LVNC) is a disorder of endomyocardial morphogenesis that results in multiple trabeculations in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium. This rare disorder is characterized by an excessively prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intratrabecular recesses. This idiopathic cardiomyopathy is characterized by an altered structure of the myocardial ...
Shinohara Yukito - - 2006
We have previously reported that the phosphodiesterase inhibitor cilostazol, an antiplatelet agent, is effective and safe for secondary prevention of recurrent cerebral infarction (Cilostazol Stroke Prevention Study; CSPS). We now report the efficacy of this drug in the prevention of pneumonia in the chronic stage of cerebral infarction as a ...
Conforto Adriana Bastos - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between facial sensory abnormalities and lesional topography in eight patients with lateral medullary infarcts (LMIs). METHOD: We reviewed eight sequential cases of LMIs admitted to the Neurology Division of Hospital das Clínicas/São Paulo University between July, 2001 and August, 2002 except for one patient who ...
Yamauchi Hiroshi - - 2005
The pathogenesis of selective neuronal damage in internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusive disease is unclear. Imaging of the central-type benzodiazepine receptor (BZR), which is expressed by most cortical neurons, provides information on the neuronal alterations induced by ischemia in vivo. Hemodynamic ischemia due to ICA occlusive disease may cause not ...
Leys D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cerebral infarction (CI), myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and aortic atheroma are the main clinical manifestations of atherothrombosis. Long-term prevention after CI of atherothrombotic origin may require preventive measures at other sites, such as specific drug therapies, surgery, or angioplasty. Therefore the detection of other locations is potentially ...
Sun Liyuan - - 2006
The fate of postischemic tissues containing eosinophilic neurons (ENs), whether they remain viable or evolve into infarction, is largely unknown. We analyzed the time profile and distribution of ENs, reactive astrocytes (RAs), and infarction after transient cerebral ischemia. Unilateral forebrain ischemia was induced in Mongolian gerbils by two 10-min unilateral ...
Cooper Lawton S - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Retinal microvascular abnormalities reflect cumulative small vessel damage from elevated blood pressure and may reflect subclinical cerebral microvascular changes. We examined their associations with MRI-defined cerebral infarcts. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study of 1684 persons 55 to 74 years of age without a history of clinical stroke, sampled ...
Yamamoto Mika - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the effect of oral intake of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) on brain perfusion in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Single photon emission computed tomography scans were performed in 43 patients with cirrhosis and in 15 age-matched healthy subjects. Twenty-nine out of forty-three patients were randomly treated with ...
Mateo Ignacio - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: There is clinical and experimental evidence involving the insula in the control of the autonomic system and cardiac function, with differential participation of right and left brain hemispheres, and these differences could influence mortality in the acute phase of brain hemisphere ischemic infarcts. METHODS: We have analyzed retrospectively the ...
Wong Adrian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). We examined the relationship between homocysteine and 1) volumetric measure of white matter change (WMC), 2) silent brain infarcts, 3) cerebral atrophy on MRI and 4) cognition on a consecutive cohort of patients with stroke associated with SVD. SUBJECTS AND ...
Kussman Barry D - - 2005
Cerebral oximetry is a technique that enables monitoring of regional cerebral oxygenation during cardiac surgery. In this study, we evaluated differences in bi-hemispheric measurement of cerebral oxygen saturation using near-infrared spectroscopy in 62 infants undergoing biventricular repair without aortic arch reconstruction. Left and right regional cerebral oxygen saturation index (rSO2i) ...
Te Pas Arjan B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic testing and surgical techniques have resulted in reduced mortality in neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD) and a major concern for neurological morbidity in the presence of preoperative neurological injury. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and nature of preoperative cerebral ultrasound abnormalities in neonates with major ...
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