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Rana Bushra S - - 2011
Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality and is the third commonest cause of death in Europe. Clinical history examination and basic investigations including an electrocardiogram may shed light on the potential cardiac cause. Echocardiography plays a pivotal role in the assessment of embolic stroke. The hierarchy of ...
Potpara Tatjana S - - 2011
There is a growing pandemic of atrial fibrillation (AF), affecting nearly 2% of the general adult population. Atrial fibrillation is commonly associated with structural heart disease, and AF itself causes a sequence of complex processes of electrical, contractile, and structural remodeling of the atrial myocardium, which facilitate further AF progression. ...
Vizzardi E - - 2011
Heart rate is a major determinant of cardiac output, myocardial oxygen consumption and coronary blood flow under physiological and pathological conditions. Experimental and clinical data have demonstrated that heart rate reduction is the main mechanism for reducing ischemia, improving left ventricular function, decreasing the risk of plaque rupture and post ...
Rahman Z - - 2011
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a catheter based procedure where a catheter system is introduced through a systemic artery under local anesthesia in a stenotic coronary artery by controlled inflation of a distensible balloon. At early period, PCI was done in a separate session following coronary angiogram (Staged PCI) and ...
Katz Michael G - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is a complex multifaceted problem of abnormal ventricular function and structure. In recent years, new information has been accumulated allowing for a more detailed understanding of the cellular and molecular alterations that are the underpinnings of diverse causes of HF, including myocardial ischemia, pressure-overload, volume-overload or intrinsic ...
Maron Barry J - - 2011
The development of the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) phenotype with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy usually occurs in adolescence, and documentation of patients with later onset of wall thickening during adulthood is rare. We report 4 patients with asymptomatic, nonobstructive HC (3 women and 1 man) who were studied with serial cardiovascular ...
Juvela S - - 2011
Background and purpose:  After aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, severity of bleeding, and occurrence of rebleeding and cerebral infarcts are the main factors predicting outcome. We investigated predictive risk factors for both early and late cerebral infarcts, and whether time of appearance of infarct is associated with outcome. Methods:  Previous diseases as ...
Fuentes B - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To update the Ad Hoc Committee of the Cerebrovascular Diseases Study Group of The Spanish Neurological Society guidelines on prevention of ischemic stroke (IS) and Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA). METHODS: We reviewed the available evidence on ischaemic stroke and TIA prevention according to aetiological subtype. Levels of ...
Tavora Fabio - - 2011
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by fibrofatty replacement primarily of the right ventricular myocardium. It is a major cause of sudden death in the young and in athletes. There are few autopsy studies of the ventricular distribution of the disease. Fifty cases of sudden cardiac death with fibrofatty ...
Ballo Piercarlo - - 2011
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common inflammatory myopathy after 50 years of age. In contrast to polymyositis and dermatomyositis, in which cardiac involvement is relatively common, current evidences indicate that IBM is not associated with cardiac disease. We report the case of a patient with biopsy-proven IBM who developed ...
Zusman Oren - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) independently predicts in-hospital and long-term morbidity and mortality. Very little data exist regarding the prognostic significance and management of new-onset AF in this setting in the era of dual anti-platelet therapy. METHODS: We identified all patients admitted to ...
Keo Hong H - - 2011
We aimed to evaluate whether carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or the presence of plaque can confer additional predictive value of future cardiovascular (CV) ischemic events in patients with pre-existing atherosclerotic vascular disease. We identified 2317 patients enrolled in the REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) registry who had atherosclerotic ...
Bussière Miguel - - 2011
Coma due to global or focal ischemia or hemorrhage is reviewed. Impaired consciousness due to anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy after cardiac arrest is common but prognostically problematic. Recent guidelines need to be refined for those patients who have received therapeutic hypothermia. Strokes, both ischemic and hemorrhagic, can affect the level of consciousness ...
Korosoglou Grigorios - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value of strain-encoded magnetic resonance imaging (SENC) during high-dose dobutamine stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (DS-MRI) compared with conventional wall motion readings. Detection of inducible ischemia by DS-MRI on the basis of assessing cine images is subjective and depends on ...
Arboix Adrià - - 2011
Evaluation of: Jokinen H, Gouw AA, Madureira S et al. Incident lacunes influence cognitive decline: the LADIS study. Neurology 76(22), 1872-1878 (2011). Lacunar infarcts or lacunes result from occlusion of a single penetrating artery and account for approximately a quarter of cerebral infarctions. The short-term prognosis of symptomatic lacunar infarct ...
Mangla Rajiv - - 2011
Border zone or watershed infarcts are ischemic lesions that occur in characteristic locations at the junction between two main arterial territories. These lesions constitute approximately 10% of all brain infarcts and are well described in the literature. Their pathophysiology has not yet been fully elucidated, but a commonly accepted hypothesis ...
Liang Michael - - 2011
A 55-year-old female presented with 4-day history of fatigue and exertional shortness of breath. A late presentation inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was diagnosed based on ST elevation in the inferior leads of electrocardiography and elevated cardiac troponin T (TnT). She developed complete heart block 1 day after admission ...
Yamashiro Kazuo - - 2011
Although some previous reports have described convulsive movements in bilateral paramedian thalamic and midbrain infarction, little is known about their nature. A 71-year-old man presented with impaired consciousness and clonic movements of both arms. Each series of movements lasted 10 to 20 s and occurred at 2-to 3-min intervals, which ...
Avramides Dimitrios - - 2011
We describe the case of a 51-year-old woman with a 10-year history of dyspnoea and fatigue on slight effort, presyncopal episodes, and ventricular extrasystolic arrhythmia. Tests were negative for coronary artery disease, valvular disease, or left ventricular dysfunction. The patient fulfilled the clinical criteria for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) ...
Buchman Aron S AS Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, Rush University Medical Center, Armour Academic Facility, Suite 1022, 600 South Paulina Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2011
Mild motor symptoms including parkinsonian signs are common in old age, but their underlying neuropathology is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that cerebrovascular pathologies are related to parkinsonian signs. We studied brain autopsies from 418 deceased participants from the Religious Order Study, who underwent evaluation of parkinsonian signs with a ...
Hakuno Daihiko - - 2011
The aging of populations worldwide and the habitual consumption of food high in calories and cholesterol have led to recent increases in morbidity from calcific aortic valve disease. At the same time, rupture of the chordae tendineae cordis, which is a component of the mitral valve complex, is one of ...
Goto Shinya - - 2011
Background: There remains uncertainty about the risk of cardiovascular events in stable outpatients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and atrial fibrillation in Japan. Methods and Results: In the Japan Thrombosis Registry for Atrial Fibrillation, Coronary, or Cerebrovascular Events (J-TRACE), a nationwide prospective cohort of stable outpatients with ...
Khalaf Hamzah Suhail - - 2011
This case series describes the caudate body (CB) sign noted in computed tomography (CT) scans of patients who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) clinically manifesting symptoms suggestive of anterior cerebral circulation infarction. This sign has the advantage of early appearance, side-to-side comparison, and high conspicuity. Two of the presented ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2011
Background: Using tissue Doppler echocardiography, we can measure preejection period (PEPa), defined as the interval measured from the onset of QRS to the onset of the systolic mitral annular velocity pattern, isovolumic relaxation time (IVRTa), defined as the interval measured from the end of systolic mitral annular velocity pattern to ...
Ozdemir Osman - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Familial Mediterranean fever may carry a potential for cardiovascular disorders because of sustained inflammation during its course; however, there has been a limited number of studies investigating the cardiac functions in children. The aim of this study was to assess both ventricular diastolic functions using conventional echocardiography and tissue ...
Jackson Angela Mary - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention and self-management of coronary heart disease (CHD) are of major importance to people who survive myocardial infarction (MI). This can be facilitated by cardiac rehabilitation (CR; the formal health service programme) and informal CHD self-help groups. Non-participation is an important issue, yet it is poorly understood. Rehabilitation ...
Shmilovich Haim H Heart Institute and the Departments of Imaging and Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2011
We explored whether the presence of 3 known features of plaque vulnerability on coronary CT angiography (CCTA)--low attenuation plaque content (LAP), positive remodeling (PR), and spotty calcification (SC)--identifies plaques associated with greater inducible myocardial hypoperfusion measured by myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We analyzed 49 patients free of cardiac disease who ...
Kaila Ken - - 2011
Heart failure is an epidemic in the elderly and has become a leading cause for hospitalization and death. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is more common than heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) but disease identification remains challenging. Current criteria rely on symptoms of poor exercise tolerance, ...
Chong Fei - - 2011
We are reporting a case of 46 year-old man, smoker with strong family history of coronary artery disease, presenting with acute anterolateral ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Diagnostic angiography revealed thrombus at the distal left main, occluding the anterior descending and intermediate arteries. Thrombus aspiration was performed with successful return ...
Patterson Cam C McAllister Heart Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7525, - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy develops most commonly in response to hypertension and is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure. The mechanisms by which cardiac hypertrophy may be reversed to reduce this risk have not been fully determined to the point where mechanism-specific therapies have been developed. Recently, proteases ...
Longstreth W T WT Jr Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Box 359775, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104-2420, USA. - - 2011
To determine whether progression of MRI-defined vascular disease predicts subsequent vascular events in the elderly. The Cardiovascular Health Study, a longitudinal cohort study of vascular disease in the elderly, allows us to address this question because its participants had 2 MRI scans≈5 years apart and have been followed for ≈9 ...
Giannitsis Evangelos - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Two recent clinical trials showed that adding copeptin to a conventional cardiac troponin assay improved diagnostic performance for patients with chest pain early after symptom onset. We prospectively tested whether copeptin adds information to that provided by a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hscTnT) assay in the early evaluation of ...
Ferrari Roberto - - 2011
Heart rate is a major determinant of myocardial oxygen demand and supply, and increased heart rate adversely affects the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia. High resting heart rate is a risk factor in cardiovascular disease. The development of the heart rate-lowering agent ivabradine showed that heart rate was also an important ...
Svatikova Anna A Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education, Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Siebens 5, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with cardiac abnormalities. Whether any cardiac dysfunction is present in ischemic stroke patients with OSA is not known. The purpose of this study was to compare echocardiographic findings in ischemic stroke patients with and without OSA. Nocturnal polysomnography was performed on 28 ischemic ...
von Besser Kiera - - 2011
Recent-onset atrial fibrillation, defined as a first detected or recurrent episode of atrial fibrillation lasting less than 48 hours, is a commonly encountered dysrhythmia in the emergency department (ED). Cardioversion of stable patients in the ED with recent-onset atrial fibrillation without antecedent anticoagulation would allow for these patients to be ...
Goldstein David S - - 2011
Braak's staging concept of Lewy body disease pathogenesis is based on a spatiotemporal sequence of alpha-synuclein deposition, with autonomic nervous system involvement before synucleinopathy in substantia nigra neurons. A patient with primary chronic autonomic failure underwent biennial brain 6-[(18)F]DOPA and myocardial 6-[(18)F]dopamine scanning over 4 years. Low myocardial radioactivity indicated cardiac ...
Shin Dong-Ho - - 2011
This study compared two-stent strategies for treatment of bifurcation lesions by stenting order, 'main across side first (A-family)' vs 'side branch first (S-family). The study population was patients from 16 centers in Korea who underwent drug eluting stent implantation with two-stent strategy (A-family:109, S-family:140 patients). The endpoints were cardiac death, ...
Celikyurt Umut - - 2011
Acute myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries is a well known condition, which is typically diagnosed in young patients. Coronary vasospasm, inherited, acquired or malignancy-induced hypercoagulable state, collagen vascular disease and coronary arterial embolism have been considered as underlying etiologic factors. An association between migraine with aura and increased risk ...
Banerjee Amitava - - 2011
Few population-based studies have ascertained both cerebral and coronary events or considered their relative heritability. Differences in heritability of transient ischemic attack and ischemic stroke versus acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may inform risk prediction, genetic studies, and understanding of disease mechanisms. In a population-based study of all acute vascular events, ...
Yeoh Thomas - - 2011
Screening of asymptomatic relatives of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has identified a population of individuals with left ventricular dilatation and/or minimally impaired contraction who are believed to have early disease. A proportion of these individuals with early disease progress to overt cardiomyopathy, however to our knowledge there have been ...
Gu Youlan L - - 2011
Early detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using cardiac biomarkers of myocardial necrosis remains limited since these biomarkers do not rise within the first hours from onset of AMI. We aimed to compare the temporal release pattern of the C-terminal portion of provasopressin (copeptin) with conventional cardiac biomarkers, including creatine ...
O'Donnell Sharon - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Patient decision delay continues to be a major factor of delay along the pathway of care for patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Although potentially modifiable, efforts to reduce these delays through educational and media interventions have been relatively unsuccessful. This failure has been due, in part, to the lack ...
Fitzgerald Benjamin T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The "sparkled" echocardiographic appearance of amyloid has become less visually obvious in the era of harmonic imaging. Significantly dilated atria in the setting of a normal sized ventricle may be another easy visual marker for cardiac amyloidosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of echocardiograms of patients with biopsy-proven cardiac amyloid ...
Fairbairn Timothy A - - 2011
Background 'Silent' cerebral infarction and stroke are complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Objective To assess the occurrence of cerebral infarction, identify predictive risk factors and examine the impact on patient health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods Cerebral diffusion weighted MRI of 31 patients with aortic stenosis undergoing CoreValve ...
Imai Atsuko - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Cystatin C, a novel marker of kidney function, has been reported to be a predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients without established chronic kidney disease. However, the relationship between serum cystatin C concentrations and early stage coronary atherosclerotic plaque morphology among patients with preserved kidney function has not ...
Maurovich-Horvat Pál P Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Division of Cardiology and Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, United - - 2011
Pericoronary adipose tissue (PCAT) may create a pro-inflammatory state, contributing to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to evaluate the feasibility of a novel volumetric PCAT quantification method using a novel threshold based computed tomography approach. In addition we determined the relation between PCAT volumes and CAD. ...
Khoo Chee W - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, which is associated with substantial risk of stroke and thromboembolism. The epidemiology and health care burden associated with AF have increased significantly, and will continue to rise. Until recently, the concept and/or quantification of disease burden in AF tended to be ...
Riera Andrés Ricardo Pérez - - 2011
Lead aVR is the only lead in the surface ECG that does not face the "typically" relevant walls of the left ventricle. Historically, its value has been neglected most likely due to its unusual configuration and direction, which appeared to have little correlation with other more congruous and easily diagnostic ...
Eitel Charlotte - - 2011
Evaluation of: Malasana G, Day JD, Weiss JP et al. A strategy of rapid cardioversion minimizes the significance of early recurrent atrial tachyarrhythmias after ablation for atrial fibrillation. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2010.02005.x (2011) (Epub ahead of print). Early recurrences of atrial arrhythmias are frequent and have been reported in ...
Wexler Randell K - - 2011
Palpitations are a common problem seen in family medicine; most are of cardiac origin, although an underlying psychiatric disorder, such as anxiety, is also common. Even if a psychiatric comorbidity does exist, it should not be assumed that palpitations are of a noncardiac etiology. Discerning cardiac from noncardiac causes is ...
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