Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1026
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
vanden Driesen Rohan I - - 2006
The objective of our study was to describe a combination of features on MRI specific to cardiac amyloidosis. Cardiac amyloidosis is a common cause of infiltrative heart disease. The combination of subtle widespread heterogeneous myocardial enhancement on delayed postcontrast inversion recovery T1-weighted images, which may initially be dismissed as a ...
Sohn Il Suk IS The Heart Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Department of Forensic Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2006
Eosinophilic myocarditis usually results from myocardial damage as a result of drugs or parasites, and is generally associated with increased peripheral eosinophil count. This form of myocarditis is difficult to diagnose clinically. A 25 year-old previously healthy woman was transferred from a local clinic because of hypotension and dyspnea with ...
Ardhanari Sivakumar - - 2006
Myocarditis is a common occurrence among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, it is rare to find HIV-associated myocarditis presenting as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. A case of HIV-related myocarditis presenting as an acute inferolateral wall myocardial infarction in a 32-year-old male is described.
Razminia Mansour - - 2006
Clozapine is an atypical dibenzodiazepine antipsychotic used for resistant schizophrenia. Uncommonly, it is associated with myocarditis. We report a case of myopericarditis masquerading as an acute myocardial infarction based on presenting electrocardiogram and cardiac markers. Emergent coronary angiography confirmed the absence of epicardial coronary occlusion and revealed severe left ventricular ...
Venugopal B - - 2006
The authors describe the case of a 50-year-old man with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO), diabetes mellitus (DM), and coronary artery disease. The patient had no cardiac conduction abnormalities. During coronary artery bypass surgery, his heart and two skeletal muscles were biopsied. All three muscles showed ragged red fibers. The ...
Lee Cheng-Han - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients who develop fulminant myocarditis often die of sudden cardiac arrest, arrhythmia, or severe heart failure soon after onset if they do not receive percutaneous cardiopulmonary support in time. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors of clinical symptoms/signs or laboratory findings that could predict ...
Chimenti Cristina - - 2006
Myocarditis should be suspected in athletes with unexplained cardiac arrhythmias and dysfunction, especially if preceded by a flu-like syndrome. An early diagnosis is desirable in order to avoid the risk of fatal consequences, since physical activity can enhance the inflammatory process. Although several diagnostic tools can be useful for the ...
Rana Seema - - 2006
Cardiovascular system is a frequent target for the deposition of amyloid, specially in the primary type. Patients with this condition can present with myocardial dysfunction due to heavy interstitial myocardial deposits. We report a case of primary cardiovascular amyloidosis in a male with sudden cardiac death. The distribution of amyloid ...
Fletcher A - - 2006
AIMS: To quantify the variation in fibrosis, fat and muscle within the walls of both ventricles and within the different regions of the heart from six patients dying suddenly of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) aged 20-60 years. METHODS: Seven heart regions were examined both macroscopically and histologically using the ...
Sezgin A - - 2006
Recently cardiac transplantation has an important place in treatment of end-stage cardiac failure. In Turkey between 2003 and 2005 at 10 centers 64 cardiac transplantations were performed including five at our facility. Herein we have presented our results. All patients were men of mean age 34.2 +/- 10.7 (17 to ...
Seko Yoshinori - - 2006
Ang II (Angiotensin II) has been shown to play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of various organs, especially the cardiovascular system. The effects of ARBs (Ang II receptor blockers) in the treatment of hypertension, congestive heart failure and myocardial fibrosis have been analysed extensively in human trials, as well ...
Rosenberg M - - 2006
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare necrotizing, systemic vasculitis that is almost invariably associated with bronchial asthma. Although overall prognosis is good and treatment with corticosteroids alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive agents is typically successful, there are reports of patients that do not show signs of clinical improvement ...
Schulze Matthias R - - 2006
This is the first report of a cardiac manifestation of a primary hyperoxaluria type II (PH II) with the hemodynamic characteristics of a severe restrictive cardiomyopathy. PH II is a rare inherited metabolic disease characterized by a deficiency of D-glycerate dehydrogenase, which has also glyoxylate reductase activity. This defect causes ...
Halushka Marc K - - 2006
Cardiac sarcoidosis is a common and often fatal complication of systemic sarcoidosis. When present, cardiac sarcoid is generally a diffuse and patchy process involving predominantly the left ventricle. We report the case of a patient with known cardiac sarcoidosis who underwent cardiac transplantation for poorly controlled ventricular tachycardia and heart ...
Chau E M C - - 2006
Cardiac sarcoidosis is a rare but important differential diagnosis in patients who present with progressive heart failure and arrhythmia. It may be diagnosed on endomyocardial biopsy. An excellent response can be achieved with steroid therapy in the early acute inflammatory stage. Progression of the disease may lead to end-stage heart ...
Demangone Dawn - - 2006
The electrocardiogram reflects changes to the heart beyond those seen in acute myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndromes. Diseases of the pericardium and heart muscle such as pericarditis,myocarditis, and pericardial effusion have characteristic manifestations. Hypertensive heart disease is associated with a variety of changes on the electrocardiogram, as is valvular ...
Wright Ben L C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 49-year-old woman presented with chest pain of 10 days' duration. Initial physical examinations and laboratory investigations were normal. The patient received symptomatic treatment with beta-blockers, which continued following normal findings on coronary angiogram. About 7 months later the patient developed ventricular arrhythmias, with clinical evidence of left ventricular ...
Deetjen Anja G - - 2006
We present gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) in Tako-Tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction showing the findings in acute phase and in follow-up. Gadolinium-enhanced CMRI allows to distinguish between myocardial infarction and other myocardial alterations, e.g., myocarditis. CMRI may thus permit to non-invasively identify patients with Tako-Tsubo syndrome by ruling out ...
Mateen Farrah J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although myocardial infiltration with leukemic blasts is a known finding in patients with acute leukemia, this phenomenon in myelodysplasia is not reported in the literature. Cardiac symptoms in patients with myelodysplasia are often due to anemia and may be due to iron overload and side effects of therapy. CASE ...
Schultheiss H P - - 2006
Myocarditis is most often induced by cardiotropic viruses and often resolves with minimal cardiac remodelling and without discernable prognostic impact. Acute myocarditis has a highly diverse clinical presentation (asymptomatic, infarct-like presentation, atrioventricular (AV)-block, atrial fibrillation, sudden death due to ventricular tachycardia, fulminant myocarditis with severely depressed contractility). Progression of myocarditis ...
Testani Jeffrey M - - 2006
The clinical presentation of myocarditis is variable and often mimics myocardial infarction. The diagnosis of acute myocarditis is frequently empiric, and is made on the basis of the clinical presentation, electrocardiographic changes, elevated cardiac enzymes, and lack of epicardial coronary artery disease. To date, the only widely available method for ...
Sechtem U - - 2006
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) permits a detailed look at the myocardium in patients with recent onset heart failure. Late-enhancement CMR provides information that is similar to that obtained by the naked eye of a pathologist. Myocardial scarring is endocardial in myocardial infarction, but it is epicardial in myocarditis and ...
Heymans S - - 2006
Acute viral myocarditis is the main cause of cardiac failure in young patients and accounts for up to 60% of "idiopathic" dilated cardiomyopathy. The clinical course of viral myocarditis is mostly insidious with limited cardiac inflammation and dysfunction. However, overwhelming inflammation may occur in a subset of patients, leading to ...
Alter Peter - - 2006
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Myocarditis is caused by various agents and autoimmune processes. It is unknown whether viral genome persistence represents inactive remnants of previous infections or whether it is attributed to ongoing adverse processes. The latter also applies to the course of autoimmune myocarditis. One principal candidate for an adverse ...
Schoppet Michael - - 2005
Apoptosis has been attributed an essential role in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) recently. We assessed expression of TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG) in men with nonischemic DCM, who underwent coronary angiography and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) after exclusion of coronary artery disease compared to control patients. TRAIL ...
Parambil Joseph G - - 2005
A 68-year-old white man was evaluated for failure to wean from mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. Bronchoscopy performed prior to percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy revealed circumferential strikingly dark-colored airways, most prominent in the trachea and mainstem bronchi, extending distally into all airways with overlying desiccated black secretions. Histologic examination of bronchial ...
Huntgeburth M - - 2005
We report the rare case of a 55-year-old female with massive eosinophilic myocarditis and severe, however reversible, impairment of left ventricular function. The patient presented with reduced physical condition, progressive dyspnea on exertion and peripheral edema. The white blood count revealed a leukocytosis and markedly elevated peripheral blood eosinophilics (48.8%). ...
Hsing Deyin D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Sudden cardiac deaths in previously healthy children are frequently due to undiagnosed cardiovascular diseases, either congenital or acquired. In an uncommon clinical entity known as commotio cordis, sudden death from cardiac arrest can occur in young athletes after a blunt blow to the chest, in the absence of preexisting ...
Neben-Wittich Michelle A - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of clinical syndromes and pathologic changes of myocardial ischemia due to obstructive intramural coronary amyloidosis among patients with primary amyloidosis and cardiac involvement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records and pathologic specimens were reviewed from 96 patients with primary amyloidosis ...
Smedema Jan-Peter - - 2006
Sarcoidosis is a multi-system granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology with symptomatic cardiac involvement in up to 7% of patients. The clinical features of sarcoid heart disease include congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, conduction disturbances, and sudden death. We evaluated the value of contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography in delineating myocardial scar and ...
Mookadam Farouk - - 2006
Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is classically seen in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). This can also be seen in cardiac amyloidosis. We describe a rare case of senile systemic amyloidosis with dynamic LVOT obstruction and concomitant three vessel coronary artery disease presenting with clinical and echocardiographic findings similar ...
Rozenberg V D - - 2005
The main variants of cardiomyopathies (undifferentiated, dilatational, hypertrophic, and restrictive) were distinguished using a complex pathomorphological analysis of 600 cardiomyopathic hearts detected in 5000 autopsies after cardiovascular death. The main pathomorphological diagnostic criteria for each variant were defined. High diagnostic value of lifetime echocardiographic diagnosis in comparison with myocardial biopsy ...
Cooper Leslie T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A previously healthy 47-year-old woman presented reporting nausea, anorexia and light-headedness of 2 weeks' duration, and three episodes of syncope. She also had pleuritic chest pain and rapidly declining cardiac function. The only reported medical history was urinary tract infection and an ankle fracture sustained 5 months before presentation. ...
Perugini Enrica - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of 99mTc-3,3-diphosphono-1,2-propanodicarboxylic acid (99mTc-DPD) scintigraphy for differentiation of monoclonal immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) and transthyretin (TTR)-related cardiac amyloidosis. BACKGROUND: Differential diagnosis between TTR-related and AL amyloidosis is often complex and time-consuming. METHODS: Patients under routine observation with TTR-related/AL systemic amyloidosis and echocardiographic evidence of cardiac ...
Kytö Ville - - 2005
The clinical presentation of myocarditis is highly variable, and histopathology is thus considered to be the cornerstone of diagnosis. We studied how accurately myocarditis was diagnosed in a series of routine autopsies and how fatal myocarditis presents clinically. All death certificates with myocarditis recorded as the underlying cause of death ...
Holmgren Gösta - - 2005
We report two new amyloidogenic transthyretin (TTR) variants detected in the Swedish population. One variant was previously unknown, while the other has been described in a French family. In Swedish patients, both variants have caused late-onset cardiac amyloidosis characterised by heart failure. In both cases, the diagnosis was determined by ...
Smedema Jan-Peter - - 2005
AIM: To determine whether gadolinium-enhanced cardiac MRI (CMR) was of additional diagnostic value to standard assessment in patients with sarcoidosis who underwent evaluation for cardiac involvement. METHODS: We reviewed the findings in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis who had been assessed with ECG, Doppler echocardiography, 201Tl scintigraphy, and CMR from 2002 ...
Dorfman Todd - - 2005
Sarcoidosis is a common multisystem granulomatous disease that affects 20 per 100,000 people in the world. Although primarily a pulmonary disease, sarcoidosis can affect multiple organ systems. Cardiac involvement of sarcoidosis is most commonly manifested as ventricular ectopy and arrhythmias; atrioventricular conduction disturbances, including complete heart block; congestive heart failure; ...
Weinkauf Justin - - 2005
This study reports the development of lymphocytic myocarditis in a bilateral lung allograft recipient. A 23-year-old woman developed congestive heart failure and severe left ventricular dysfunction 32 months after a bilateral lung allograft for cystic fibrosis. She had taken oral acyclovir for infectious mononucleosis that was diagnosed 11 months previously. ...
Okada Hideshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: DNA breaks detected largely by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate in situ nick end-labeling (TUNEL) are observed in the hearts of patients with diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognostic value of TUNEL assays in cases of DCM. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: DCM patients were ...
Blauwet Lori A LA Division of Cardiovascular Diseases , Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2005
Idiopathic hypereosinophllic syndrome is classically defined as prolonged, unexplained peripheral eosinophilia in a patient presenting with evidence of end-organ damage. The heart is frequently Involved, resulting In eosinophilic endomyocardial disease and eventually restrictive cardlomyopathy. The mortality rate is high because of progressive heart failure or ventricular arrhythmias. We describe a ...
Ng Belinda - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Small deposits of amyloid are often found in the hearts of elderly patients. However, extensive deposition of transthyretin-derived amyloid fibrils in the heart (senile systemic amyloidosis [SSA]) can cause heart failure. The clinical features of SSA that involve the heart are ill defined, and the condition may be overlooked ...
Lim Hong Euy - - 2006
This is the first report of conduction system disturbances and slow ventricular tachycardia (VT), related to acute myocarditis associated with cardiac amyloidosis. A 57-year-old female was presented with chest pain and pre-syncope after flu-like symptoms, and was promptly diagnosed with acute myocarditis. The initial electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed complete atrioventricular (AV) ...
Simpson Kerry E - - 2005
Clinical toxoplasmosis is commonly reported in the cat, with the most consistent findings being ocular, pulmonic, hepatic, neurological, gastrointestinal and muscular abnormalities. Myocarditis, whilst frequently identified at post-mortem examination, has not been identified ante-mortem. In immunocompromised humans, myocarditis associated with toxoplasmosis is not an uncommon complication. In such cases, lymphocytic ...
Celik Canan - - 2005
We report a new clinical variant of epidermolysis bullosa simplex with muscular dystrophy (EBS-MD) that was associated with cardiac involvement. A 33-year-old patient had atrial fibrillation, pericardial effusion, and hypokinetic left ventricular cardiac walls. The muscle biopsy material revealed diffuse endomysial fibrosis and small atrophic muscle fibers with rounded contours. ...
Eckart Robert E - - 2005
Smallpox vaccine-associated myopericarditis may have a similar presentation to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The clinical records of 78 young patients (<40 years of age) presenting with ACS (n = 16) or myocarditis after smallpox vaccination (n = 62) were reviewed. Comparisons were made among clinical presentation, cardiac enzymes, echocardiographic findings, ...
Hunold Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess and compare the patterns of late enhancement (LE) in contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI caused by myocardial infarction and different myocardial diseases that are not related to ischemic infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 811 consecutive contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI studies performed for different indications were ...
Berdoukas Vasili - - 2005
In 58 patients with transfusion dependent anemia, we compared cardiac function, as assessed by gated pooled cardiac scan at rest and during exercise stress, with liver iron concentrations (LIC) as determined by adequate biopsy samples. There was no relationship between LIC and cardiac function and deaths occurred in patients with ...
Cho Kyung-Hee - - 2005
Embolic cerebral infarction due to cardiac amyloidosis is rare. We report two patients with amyloidosis who developed cerebral infarcts. These embolic infarcts were probably related to cardiac involvement of amyloidosis, which was based on results of myocardial biopsy (Patient 1), and kidney biopsy and characteristic echocardiographic features including granular sparkling, ...
Ogiwara Fumiaki - - 2005
Previous work has demonstrated that familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) and light-chain amyloidosis with similar degrees of cardiac involvement cannot be distinguished by standard echocardiographic parameters, yet the severity of congestive heart failure and cardiac mortality is much less in FAP. It was therefore hypothesized that strain and strain-rate imaging, sensitive ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >