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Results 251 - 300 of 1014
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Garibaldi Brian - - 2007
Cardiac amyloidosis can result from any of the systemic amyloidoses. The disease is often characterized by a restrictive cardiomyopathy although the particular signs and symptoms depend in part on the underlying cause. In addition to managing the symptoms of heart failure, treatment options vary depending on the etiology of amyloid ...
Auriti Antonio - - 2007
Biopsy of the heart has become a widely applied technique in circumstances such as detection of a transplant reject or histological diagnosis of masses. Biopsy is usually performed in the catheter laboratory (cath-lab) under fluoroscopic guidance. Echocardiography guidance is employed but as 'ancillary' comforting support to the cath-lab operator and ...
Avella Andrea - - 2007
A positive endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is a major diagnostic criterion for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Nevertheless, its sensitivity is low due to the focal nature of the disease. Moreover, myocardial samples are usually taken from the uncommonly involved interventricular septum to minimize the risk of perforation. In this report, ...
Pawlak Agnieszka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Desmin plays one of the key roles in cardiomyocytes. The protein protects the integration of the cell and has the following actions: mechanical, structural and regulatory. Observed abnormalities of its activity have been associated with worsening of heart failure (HF). AIM: Evaluation of desmin activity detected with immunohistochemical (IHC) ...
Tandri Harikrishna - - 2007
A 46-year-old white woman presented to the emergency department with hemodynamically stable sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). She was chemically cardioverted with lidocaine. Her electrocardiogram, showing sinus rhythm, was unremarkable, and serial cardiac enzyme tests excluded myocardial infarction. A signal-averaged electrocardiogram was abnormal, with a filtered QRS duration of 187 milliseconds. ...
Obata Hiroaki - - 2007
Myocarditis is an acute inflammatory disease of the myocardium for which there is currently no specific therapy. We investigated the therapeutic potential of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in acute experimental autoimmune myocarditis. One week after injection of porcine myosin into male Lewis rats, CNP (0.05 microg/kg/min) was continuously administered for ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2007
Cardiac sarcoid is a rare and frequently fatal disease. We report a case of isolated cardiac sarcoid diagnosed during elective cardiac surgery. Although this patient presented with a history that was consistent with sarcoid heart disease, diagnosis is challenging when there is no other organ involvement with sarcoid. The patient ...
Mikami Yoko - - 2007
Cardiac amyloidosis is generally a progressive disease with a poor prognosis, so early diagnosis and appropriate treatments are important. Although cardiac amyloidosis can be diagnosed definitively by endomyocardial biopsy, non-invasive methods of diagnosis are desired because of a great risk in biopsy. In ECG-gated enhanced multislice computed tomography, not only ...
Talerico, Cassandra
Background: This project examined JAK-STAT pathway activation in two mouse models of cardiac hypertrophy: autoimmune myocarditis and pressure overload (PO). Methods: Myocarditis was induced with cardiac myosin; PO was induced by transverse aortic constriction. STAT1, 3, and 5 binding was assessed by gel shift. STATs, JAKs, SERCA2A, and calsequestrin (CSQ) ...
Kato Shigeru - - 2007
A 45-year-old man developed fulminant myocarditis for which ventricular assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pumping and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support) were required for hemodynamic support. Echocardiography showed left ventricular akinesis and, since no improvement was noted on the following day, immunoglobulin (70 g/day for 2 days) was added to the therapy. The ...
Eshaghian Shervin - - 2007
When amyloidosis affects the heart, a devastating and progressive process can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, conduction abnormalities, angina, and death. The signs and symptoms of cardiac amyloidosis are generally dominated by diastolic heart failure resulting from restrictive cardiomyopathy. Amyloid infiltration of the heart initially causes mild diastolic dysfunction, ...
Hiramitsu Shinya - - 2007
Transient left ventricular (LV) wall thickening is observed in patients with acute lymphocytic myocarditis. The present study was undertaken to clarify the significance of transient LV wall thickening in patients with this disease. The subjects comprised 25 patients with acute lymphocytic myocarditis. Echocardiography was used to measure the thickness of ...
Yagi Shusuke - - 2007
AL amyloidosis is a disease in which immunoglobulin L chain is deposited in multiple organs, and the prognosis of cardiac amyloidosis is extremely poor. Although several treatments based on that for multiple myeloma, have been performed, there is no clear evidence that cardiac function is improved. We report a case ...
Laky D - - 2007
Hibernating myocardium represent a prolonged but potentially reversible myocardial contractile dysfunction, an incomplete adaptation caused by chronic myocardial ischemia and persisting at least until blood flow restored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphological changes and weather relations exist among function, metabolism and structure in left ventricular ...
Mamas Mamas A - - 2007
A case of influenza A myopericarditis is presented in a patient with cardiac tamponade and immunomediated cardiac failure. Myocarditis is a rare and potentially lethal complication of infection with influenza A, and may manifest with a wide spectrum of cardiac involvement, from mild myocarditis to cardiogenic shock. Even with full ...
Hung Ming-Yow - - 2007
This study was designed to evaluate the role and effectiveness of gallium 67 imaging in the diagnosis of acute myocarditis that mimics acute myocardial infarction. Of 315 consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients admitted to our institution over a 4-year period, 5 (2 men, 3 women) were suspected of having acute ...
Han Juyup - - 2006
Endomyocardial biopsy (EMBx) is a useful tool for diagnosing various cardiac pathologies. However, the routine use of EMBx has not gained widespread acceptance due to the possible complications related to the EMBx. Thus, not much information is available on the complications related to the EMBx. We prospectively evaluated 90 consecutive ...
Al Ali Abdullah M - - 2006
Although the etiology of eosinophilic myocarditis (EM) is not always apparent, several causes are identified, including hypersensitivity to a drug or substance, with the heart as the target organ. However, symptoms and signs of hypersensitivity are not found in all patients. EM can lead to progressive myocardial damage with destruction ...
Angelini Annalisa - - 2007
Hibernating myocardium (HM) is viable but dysfunctional myocardium which can recover following revascularization. Myocyte necrosis is virtually absent in HM; however, cellular loss may take place by apoptosis, although this is controversial. To assess the presence of apoptosis and its relevance in HM. During coronary artery by-pass surgery (CABG), 21 ...
Bahlmann Edda - - 2007
The phenomenon of transient apical ballooning is a rare underlying cause of severe left ventricular dysfunction and has been described as Tako-Tsubo-like cardiomyopathy. Acute myocarditis has been reported to masquerade as acute myocardial infarction or vice versa and is considered as differential diagnosis in this phenomenon. We present here a ...
Cheng Y-K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nasal polyposis (NP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of upper airway with unknown etiology. NP is frequently associated with asthma; the interaction between these comorbidities remains interesting. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of NP and asthma. The aim of this study is to investigate the significance ...
Cooper Leslie T LT - - 2006
Acute or fulminant nonischemic, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an uncommon cause for heart failure with a highly variable prognosis that is in part dependent on histopathology and in part on clinical presentation. Once common causes of acute DCM are excluded using standard clinical tests, the specific inflammatory and infectious causes ...
Cheng Adrian S H - - 2006
Cardiac involvement is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with amyloidosis. A 73-year old Caucasian woman was admitted to a hospital with increasing dyspnoea. Examination revealed a large left-sided pleural effusion, gross peripheral oedema and a pan-systolic murmur. The electrocardiogram showed low voltage QRS complexes with lateral ...
Mahrholdt Heiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Enteroviruses and adenoviruses have been considered the most common causes of viral myocarditis, but parvovirus B19 (PVB19) and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) are increasingly found in endomyocardial biopsy samples. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consequently, our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical presentation of cardiac PVB19 and/or HHV6 infection ...
Tincani A - - 2006
Cardiac involvement is one of the main complications substantially contributing to the morbidity and mortality of patients suffering from systemic autoimmune diseases. All the anatomical heart structures can be affected, and multiple pathogenic mechanisms have been reported. Non-organ-specific autoantibodies have been implicated in immune complex formation and deposition as the ...
Murphy Ross T - - 2006
Cardiac amyloidosis typically presents with diastolic heart failure, but asymmetrical septal hypertrophy with outflow tract obstruction has been described. We illustrate the case of a 71-year-old woman with biopsy-proven cardiac amyloidosis and severe medical comorbidities with refractory severe heart failure who had asymmetric septal hypertrophy, systolic anterior motion (SAM) of ...
Maisch B - - 2006
Invasive diagnostic and therapeutic techniques are indispensable for the diagnosis and interventional treatment of coronary artery disease, valvular involvement and, in particular, if the specific components of the inflammatory or degenerative processes in rheumatic disease are to be identified in the different components of the heart. Although impairment of cardiac ...
Doyle Amy - - 2006
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), caused by Rickettia rickettsii, is a serious tickborne illness that is endemic in the southeastern United States. Although it is most commonly known as a cause of fever and rash, it can have systemic manifestations. The myocardium may rarely be involved, with symptoms that can ...
Mizuno Reiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic modalities have challenged the myocardial tissue characterization, but this reliability has not reached to the clinical use. This study investigated whether combined tissue harmonic imaging (THI) and integrated backscatter analysis (IB) provide the reliable and quantitative information about myocardial fibrosis in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in comparison with ...
Brahmi Nozha - - 2006
We present 2 cases of myocardial damage induced by Paraphenylenediamine (PPD) poisoning in young patients without any history of cardiovascular disease. ECG findings revealed the presence of localized ST segment elevation in precordial leads (V1-V4) in the first case and (V3-V6) in the second associated to an increase of the ...
Hiramitsu Shinya - - 2006
Most patients with acute myocarditis manifest particular clinical signs and symptoms, including marked cardiac failure and/or a high degree of atrioventricular block on admission. However, a 78-year-old man did not have symptoms and was hospitalized as a result of abnormalities observed on an incidentally obtained electrocardiogram (ECG). Several days later, ...
Heymans Stephane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acute viral myocarditis is an important cause of cardiac failure in young adults for which there is no effective treatment apart from general heart failure therapy. The present study tested the hypothesis that increased expression of the proteinases urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is implicated in ...
Kiuchi Shintaro - - 2007
We report a case in which late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and 67-Ga scintigraphy were useful for the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis and for the evaluation of the disease activity. The patient was a 60-year-old woman who had been diagnosed as having eye sarcoidosis when she was 48. Two years previously ...
Garcia-Pavia Pablo - - 2006
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging has recently become a very useful tool in the diagnosis of myocarditis. We describe a patient in whom acute myocarditis was presented as an acute myocardial infarction and had an atypical course with rapid normalization of ECG abnormalities. In this case CMR imaging was essential ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Primary cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is rare, and concomitant involvement of the coronary arteries is rarer still. Successful diagnosis of this disease is difficult due to its nonspecific symptoms which mimic those of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: We describe a 47-year-old Caucasian male who underwent orthotopic heart ...
van Haelst Paul L - - 2006
Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) is a serious condition that warrants immediate diagnosis and treatment. It often presents as rapidly progressive heart failure and/or malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Here, we describe a 34-year-old patient with myasthenia gravis who presented with GCM 2 weeks after resection of a thymoma. A cardiac biopsy confirming ...
Edibam Cyrus - - 2006
This case presentation describes the very rare condition of isolated atrial amyloidosis and it's associated complications. A 53-year-old male presented to hospital in severe pulmonary edema secondary to spontaneous intramural left atrial hemorrhage and subsequent wall dissection causing acute "pre-mitral valve" obstruction. The patient was subsequently found to have AL ...
Anakwenze Okechukwu A - - 2006
Amyloidosis is a well-recognized systemic disease entity. Patients with cardiac amyloidosis have a poor prognosis; the median survival time after development of congestive heart failure is 4 months. We describe a 72-year-old woman with unsuspected cardiac amyloidosis who died during diagnostic coronary angiography. To our knowledge, this is the first ...
vanden Driesen Rohan I - - 2006
The objective of our study was to describe a combination of features on MRI specific to cardiac amyloidosis. Cardiac amyloidosis is a common cause of infiltrative heart disease. The combination of subtle widespread heterogeneous myocardial enhancement on delayed postcontrast inversion recovery T1-weighted images, which may initially be dismissed as a ...
Sohn Il Suk IS The Heart Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Department of Forensic Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2006
Eosinophilic myocarditis usually results from myocardial damage as a result of drugs or parasites, and is generally associated with increased peripheral eosinophil count. This form of myocarditis is difficult to diagnose clinically. A 25 year-old previously healthy woman was transferred from a local clinic because of hypotension and dyspnea with ...
Ardhanari Sivakumar - - 2006
Myocarditis is a common occurrence among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, it is rare to find HIV-associated myocarditis presenting as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. A case of HIV-related myocarditis presenting as an acute inferolateral wall myocardial infarction in a 32-year-old male is described.
Razminia Mansour - - 2006
Clozapine is an atypical dibenzodiazepine antipsychotic used for resistant schizophrenia. Uncommonly, it is associated with myocarditis. We report a case of myopericarditis masquerading as an acute myocardial infarction based on presenting electrocardiogram and cardiac markers. Emergent coronary angiography confirmed the absence of epicardial coronary occlusion and revealed severe left ventricular ...
Venugopal B - - 2006
The authors describe the case of a 50-year-old man with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO), diabetes mellitus (DM), and coronary artery disease. The patient had no cardiac conduction abnormalities. During coronary artery bypass surgery, his heart and two skeletal muscles were biopsied. All three muscles showed ragged red fibers. The ...
Lee Cheng-Han - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients who develop fulminant myocarditis often die of sudden cardiac arrest, arrhythmia, or severe heart failure soon after onset if they do not receive percutaneous cardiopulmonary support in time. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors of clinical symptoms/signs or laboratory findings that could predict ...
Chimenti Cristina - - 2006
Myocarditis should be suspected in athletes with unexplained cardiac arrhythmias and dysfunction, especially if preceded by a flu-like syndrome. An early diagnosis is desirable in order to avoid the risk of fatal consequences, since physical activity can enhance the inflammatory process. Although several diagnostic tools can be useful for the ...
Rana Seema - - 2006
Cardiovascular system is a frequent target for the deposition of amyloid, specially in the primary type. Patients with this condition can present with myocardial dysfunction due to heavy interstitial myocardial deposits. We report a case of primary cardiovascular amyloidosis in a male with sudden cardiac death. The distribution of amyloid ...
Fletcher A - - 2006
AIMS: To quantify the variation in fibrosis, fat and muscle within the walls of both ventricles and within the different regions of the heart from six patients dying suddenly of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) aged 20-60 years. METHODS: Seven heart regions were examined both macroscopically and histologically using the ...
Sezgin A - - 2006
Recently cardiac transplantation has an important place in treatment of end-stage cardiac failure. In Turkey between 2003 and 2005 at 10 centers 64 cardiac transplantations were performed including five at our facility. Herein we have presented our results. All patients were men of mean age 34.2 +/- 10.7 (17 to ...
Seko Yoshinori - - 2006
Ang II (Angiotensin II) has been shown to play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of various organs, especially the cardiovascular system. The effects of ARBs (Ang II receptor blockers) in the treatment of hypertension, congestive heart failure and myocardial fibrosis have been analysed extensively in human trials, as well ...
Rosenberg M - - 2006
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare necrotizing, systemic vasculitis that is almost invariably associated with bronchial asthma. Although overall prognosis is good and treatment with corticosteroids alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive agents is typically successful, there are reports of patients that do not show signs of clinical improvement ...
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