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Lee Ting-Wei - - 2012
Objective: To present an atypical manifestation in a patient with pheochromocytoma. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 48-year-old man presented with chest pain, fever and leukocytosis. Elevated cardiac biomarkers and diffuse ST-T abnormalities on electrocardiography suggested myocardial infarction. However, coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a left ...
Hongo Hiroki - - 2012
A 61-year-old man who experienced a sudden onset of unstable gait followed by nuchal pain was admitted to our department. The neurologic examination revealed right-sided limb ataxia, right partial ptosis, and decreased sensation to 50% of the normal side to pinprick and temperature stimuli on the left side below the ...
Lackner Karl J - - 2012
Abstract In the case of suspected acute coronary syndrome and myocardial infarction positive diagnosis or exclusion strongly depend on the use of biomarkers and in particular cardiac troponins (cTn). Especially in the early phase of myocardial infarction the sensitivity of cTn assays has been unsatisfactory. This has led to the ...
Pollak Peter - - 2012
The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) remains the cornerstone of prompt diagnosis of STEMI; Furthermore, the 12-lead ECG provides the primary indication for emergent reperfuison therapy in the STEMI patient. In certain cases, a patient's ECG can resemble STEMI yet manifest ST-segment elevation from a non-coronary-based syndrome; these entities are termed the ...
Benjamin Mina M - - 2012
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare disorder in which the left ventricular endocardial surface is not appropriately flattened and is heavily trabeculated. Patients with this condition can be affected by stroke from emboli that originate from these recesses. We present a patient with LVNC who was originally misdiagnosed as ...
Schillaci Giuseppe - - 2012
ECG remains the first line method for detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension. ECG diagnosis of LVH predicts a several-fold increase in age- and risk factor-adjusted cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic patients with essential hypertension. When compared with traditional ECG methods, Cornell voltage product and ...
Lawner Benjamin J - - 2012
Diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction has long been considered time sensitive. Several other electrocardiogram abnormalities, sometimes referred to as "STEMI-equivalents", should also alert the clinician to conditions similarly requiring aggressive intervention. The de Winter/ST/T complex, ST-segment elevation in lead aVR, Wellens' phenomenon, posterior wall myocardial infarction, and pathologic ST ...
Papanicolaou Kyriakos N KN Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2012
At birth, there is a switch from placental to pulmonary circulation and the heart commences its aerobic metabolism. In cardiac myocytes, this transition is marked by increased mitochondrial biogenesis and remodeling of the intracellular architecture. The mechanisms governing the formation of new mitochondria and their expansion within myocytes remain largely ...
Xie Linglin L Department of Pediatrics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2012
The developmental mechanisms underlying human congenital heart disease (CHD) are poorly understood. Atrial septal defects (ASDs) can result from haploinsufficiency of cardiogenic transcription factors including TBX5. We demonstrated that Tbx5 is required in the second heart field (SHF) for atrial septation in mice. Conditional Tbx5 haploinsufficiency in the SHF but not ...
Tao Ge - - 2012
Collagen XIV is a fibril-associated collagen with an interrupted triple helix (FACIT). Previous studies have shown that this collagen type regulates early stages of fibrillogenesis in connective tissues of high mechanical demand. Mice null for Collagen XIV are viable, however formation of the interstitial collagen network is defective in tendons ...
Hinits Yaniv Y Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, King's College London, UK. - - 2012
Mef2 transcription factors have been strongly linked with early heart development. D-mef2 is required for heart formation in Drosophila, but whether Mef2 is essential for vertebrate cardiomyocyte (CM) differentiation is unclear. In mice, although Mef2c is expressed in all CMs, targeted deletion of Mef2c causes lethal loss of second heart ...
Lüdike Peter - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a structurally unique inflammatory cytokine that controls cellular signaling in human physiology and disease through extra- and intracellular processes. MIF has been shown to mediate both disease-exacerbating and beneficial effects, but the underlying mechanism(s) controlling these diverse functions are poorly understood. METHODS AND ...
Francis Richard J B - - 2012
Complex congenital heart disease (CHD) is often seen in conjunction with heterotaxy, the randomization of left-right visceral organ situs. However, the link between cardiovascular morphogenesis and left-right patterning is not well understood. To elucidate the role of left-right patterning in cardiovascular development, we examined situs anomalies and CHD in mice ...
Liu Yonggang - - 2012
Heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western society. The cardiovascular transcription factor CHF1/Hey2 has been linked to experimental heart failure in mice, but the mechanisms by which it regulates myocardial function remain incompletely understood. The objective of this study was to determine how CHF1/Hey2 affects ...
Abd-Elfattah Anwar Saad - - 2012
To determine the role of the p-nitrobenzylthioinosine-sensitive equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (es-ENT1) in postmyocardial infarction reperfusion injury-mediated ventricular fibrillation and regional dysfunction. We used erythro-9 (2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)-adenine and p-nitrobenzylthioinosine to inhibit both adenosine deamination and transport in a canine model of off pump acute myocardial infarction. Anesthetized adult dogs (n = ...
Kant Sebastian - - 2012
Mice carrying a deletion of the adhesive extracellular domain of the desmosomal cadherin desmoglein 2 develop an arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy-like phenotype with ventricular dilation, fibrosis and arrhythmia. To unravel the sequence of myocardial alterations and to identify potential pathomechanisms, histological analyses were performed on mutant hearts from the juvenile ...
Hage Fadi G - - 2012
Cardiomyopathy refers to a set of diseases that are characterized by myocardial dysfunction. Classically, two-dimensional echocardiography has been used in the diagnosis of these disorders and to help guide their management. Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography is now increasingly being used in the diagnosis, management, and prognostication of intrinsic cardiomyopathies. In this ...
Dwivedi Girish - - 2012
The sensitivity and specificity of structural assessment of the heart by echocardiography in black hypertensive patients presenting with symptoms of heart failure is often incomplete. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, mainly by virtue of its ability to characterize myocardial tissue composition, may be of value in differentiating some of the common pathologies ...
Levine M - - 2012
The electrocardiogram remains the most crucial tool in the diagnosis on ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. It is ra-pidly available, easily reproducible, and highly cost effective. To the trained interpreter it is also highly sensitive and specific. Early diagnosis and subsequent treatment of ST-segment myocardial infarction relies on rapid performance and ...
Aerni-Flessner Lauren - - 2012
The heart derives energy from a wide variety of substrates including fatty acids, carbohydrates, ketones, and amino acids. The healthy heart generates up to 30% of its ATP from glucose. Under conditions of cardiac injury or stress, the heart relies even more heavily on glucose as a source of fuel. ...
Roy Ashbeel - - 2012
Autonomic dysfunction is observed in many cardiovascular diseases and contributes to cardiac remodeling and heart disease. We previously reported that a decrease in the expression levels of the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) in genetically-modified homozygous mice (VAChT KD(HOM)) leads to decreased cholinergic tone, autonomic imbalance and a phenotype resembling cardiac ...
Hauer Richard N W - - 2012
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) has originally been described as a disorder characterized by fibrofatty replacement of the myocardium, primarily of the right ventricle (RV), and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, sudden death, and at a late stage progressive heart failure. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia or cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) was the previous name of the disease. ...
Newby David E DE University of Edinburgh/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Chancellor's Building, 49 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 SU4, - - 2012
Rapid access chest pain clinics have facilitated the early diagnosis and treatment of patients with coronary heart disease and angina. Despite this important service provision, coronary heart disease continues to be under-diagnosed and many patients are left untreated and at risk. Recent advances in imaging technology have now led to ...
Xiao Jinfeng - - 2012
Cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein (cFLIP) is a member of the tumour necrosis factor signalling pathway and a regulator of apoptosis, and it has a role in cardiac remodelling following myocardial infarction (MI) that remains largely uncharacterised. This study aimed to determine the function of cFLIP as a potential mediator of post-infarction ...
Frank Deborah U - - 2012
TBX3 is critical for human development: mutations in TBX3 cause congenital anomalies in patients with ulnar-mammary syndrome. Data from mice and humans suggest multiple roles for Tbx3 in development and function of the cardiac conduction system. The mechanisms underlying the functional development, maturation, and maintenance of the conduction system are ...
Tsuda Takeshi - - 2012
Remodeling of the cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM) is an integral part of wound healing and ventricular adaptation after myocardial infarction (MI), but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Fibulin-2 is an ECM protein upregulated during cardiac development and skin wound healing, yet mice lacking fibulin-2 do not display any identifiable ...
Chen Yun - - 2011
Mitochondria constitute 30% of myocardial mass. Mitochondrial fusion and fission appear essential for health of most tissues. Mitochondrial fission occurs in neonatal cardiomycyte and is implicated in cardiomyocyte death. Mitochondrial fusion has not been observed in postmitotic myocytes of adult hearts, and its occurrence and function in this context are ...
Accornero Federica - - 2011
In response to injury, the myocardium hypertrophies in an attempt to maintain or augment function, which is associated with ventricular remodeling and changes in capillary density. During the compensatory phase of the hypertrophic response, the myocardium maintains output and is characterized by a coordinated neo-angiogenic and fibrotic response that supports ...
Singh Manvendra K - - 2011
The epicardium is a sheet of epithelial cells covering the heart during early cardiac development. In recent years, the epicardium has been identified as an important contributor to cardiovascular development, and epicardium-derived cells have the potential to differentiate into multiple cardiac cell lineages. Some epicardium-derived cells that undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition ...
Smith Kelly A - - 2011
The atrioventricular canal (AVC) physically separates the atrial and ventricular chambers of the heart and plays a crucial role in the development of the valves and septa. Defects in AVC development result in aberrant heart morphogenesis and are a significant cause of congenital heart malformations. We have used a forward ...
Totong Ronald - - 2011
Coordination between adjacent tissues plays a crucial role during the morphogenesis of developing organs. In the embryonic heart, two tissues - the myocardium and the endocardium - are closely juxtaposed throughout their development. Myocardial and endocardial cells originate in neighboring regions of the lateral mesoderm, migrate medially in a synchronized ...
Nong Zengxuan - - 2011
Efficient deposition of type I collagen is fundamental to healing after myocardial infarction. Whether there is also a role for cleavage of type I collagen in infarct healing is unknown. To test this, we undertook coronary artery occlusion in mice with a targeted mutation (Col1a1(r/r)) that yields collagenase-resistant type I ...
Xu Feng - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the association of the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) Glu504Lys polymorphism, which exists in 30-50% of East Asians, and risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We enrolled 1092 unrelated Han Chinese, including 546 with ACS and 546 age- and sex-matched controls. Subjects with ALDH2 mutant genotypes ...
Li Deqiang - - 2011
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inheritable myocardial disorder associated with fibrofatty replacement of myocardium and ventricular arrhythmia. A subset of ARVC is categorized as Naxos disease, which is characterized by ARVC and a cutaneous disorder. A homozygous loss-of-function mutation of the Plakoglobin (Jup) gene, which encodes a major ...
Baasanjav Sevjidmaa - - 2011
Proteoglycans are a major component of extracellular matrix and contribute to normal embryonic and postnatal development by ensuring tissue stability and signaling functions. We studied five patients with recessive joint dislocations and congenital heart defects, including bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and aortic root dilatation. We identified linkage to chromosome 11 ...
Qian Li - - 2011
Unraveling the gene regulatory networks that govern development and function of the mammalian heart is critical for the rational design of therapeutic interventions in human heart disease. Using the Drosophila heart as a platform for identifying novel gene interactions leading to heart disease, we found that the Rho-GTPase Cdc42 cooperates ...
Je Sang Mo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether an automated external defibrillator (AED) was accurate enough to analyze the heart rhythm during a simulated rotor wing critical care transport. We hypothesized that AED analysis of the simulated rhythms during a helicopter flight would result in significant errors (i.e., inappropriate shocks, analysis ...
Monney Pierre A - - 2011
Background In patients presenting with acute cardiac symptoms, abnormal ECG and raised troponin, myocarditis may be suspected after normal angiography. Aims To analyse cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in patients with a provisional diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in whom acute myocarditis was subsequently considered more likely. Methods and ...
Bossone Eduardo - - 2011
The occurrence of major cardiovascular events is not randomly distributed over time, but exhibits chronobiological patterns, i.e., circadian, weekly, or seasonal. No systematic studies on the temporal preference of onset of Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) are known. We performed a computer-assisted search of the literature (from 2000 to January 2010), with ...
Sacks Jeffrey H - - 2011
ABSTRACT The pathogenesis of right ventricular fibrofatty changes can be broadly divided into genetic or acquired. The genetic cause is termed arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by fibrofatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium, and represents an underdiagnosed cardiac entity leading to syncope, recurrent ventricular tachycardias, heart ...
Belkin Robert N - - 2010
A number of echocardiographic findings characteristic of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) have been described, each with limitations. A distinctive wall motion pattern of preserved myocardial thickening at left ventricular apex with hypokinesis in basal and midsegments was observed in two patients with biopsy proven CA. Following this observation, endomyocaradial biopsy files ...
Tamaki Hiroya - - 2010
We describe the case of a 62-year-old man with biopsy-proven cardiac involvement of multiple myeloma-associated immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis, whose cardiac function improved after bortezomib therapy. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics were initially administered, resulting in improvement of heart failure symptoms and disappearance of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia. To reduce production of ...
Voigt Antje - - 2011
To assess active myocardial inflammation by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) amongst adult patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We evaluated 23 adults with chronic DCM, who had successfully undergone both CMR and EMB within 3.5 ± 2.6 days. EMB was considered the gold standard. CMR assessment of myocardial inflammation used ...
Kaluski Edo - - 2011
Anteriorly displaced right coronary artery (RCA) and anomalous origin RCAs occur in ≈1% and 0.1% of adult patients, respectively, and are the leading cause of incomplete coronary angiography and prolonged procedure times. We present a case in which anteriorly displaced RCA occlusion resulted in an acute inferior-posterior-right ventricular myocardial infarction ...
Cecchetto Giovanni - - 2011
The major issues of medico-legal relevance in fatal falls from a height are the manner of death and the reconstruction of the event. We present a peculiar case of a fatal fall from a height of about 9 m, involving a 27-year-old woman. At the death scene investigation, no suicide notes, ...
Kühl Uwe - - 2010
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the cardiac muscle caused by myocardial infiltration of immunocompetent cells following any kind of cardiac injury. Acute myocarditis in childhood is often a result of a viral infection that produces myocardial necrosis and triggers an immune response to eliminate the infectious agent. Chronic myocardial ...
Chen Tun-Chieh - - 2010
Myocarditis is defined clinically as inflammation of the heart muscle, which can be caused by infectious agents, toxins or immunologic reactions. Most recognized cases of acute myocarditis are secondary to cardiotropic viral infections. Escherichia coli rarely cause myocarditis. The authors report a 25-year-old woman with E coli-induced acute pyelonephritis and ...
Carver Joseph R - - 2010
To report the first case of pathologically confirmed myocarditis in a patient receiving treatment with lenalidomide for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. An 85-year-old woman with recurrent follicular lymphoma was treated with lenalidomide 10 mg daily and low-dose dexamethasone 8 mg once weekly in a clinical trial. She had a past medical history ...
Cruz-Adalia Aranzazu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM), a mouse model of post-infectious cardiomyopathy, reflects mechanisms of inflammatory cardiomyopathy in humans. EAM is characterized by an infiltration of inflammatory cells into the myocardium that can be followed by myocyte fibrosis, edema, and necrosis, leading to ventricular wall dysfunction and heart failure. Different data ...
Tátrai Eniko - - 2011
Enteroviruses (EVs) are the most frequent pathogens in myocarditis and in the subsequently developing dilated cardiomyopathy as well. Furthermore, persistence of other viruses might play a pathogenic role in the evolution from myocarditis to dilated cardiomyopathy. Explanted heart of 28 patients, who underwent heart transplantation were screened for EV, AdV3 ...
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