Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1014
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Uemura A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: An early diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis is important, particularly when considering the need for administering corticosteroid therapy. However, no reports are available on the success rate of diagnosis on the basis of biopsy findings in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. This study investigated the diagnostic success rate of histologic evaluation ...
Higuchi M L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The significance of medial lymphocytic vasculitis in intramural coronary vessels in heart transplantation is very poorly understood. This study was designed to identify histological evidence of an association between the presence of epicardial coronary lesions and the occurrence of intramyocardial vasculitis and/or myocardial ischemia. METHODS: We analyzed the frequency ...
Santarone M - - 1999
Few cases of atrial thrombosis detected by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in cardiac amyloidosis have been reported recently. We present the cases of 3 consecutive patients affected by AL-type cardiac amyloidosis, symptomatic for heart failure and in sinus rhythm. All patients had a cardiac restrictive pattern at Doppler examination. TEE showed ...
Moyssakis I - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Currently recognized types of amyloidosis include primary, familial and secondary, each of which may affect the heart. There may be differences in the heart response to the deposition of amyloid fibrils in these three forms of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 10 years (1985-95), 28 ...
Carr W W - - 1999
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare vasculitis characterized by the clinical triad of asthma, peripheral eosinophilia, and systemic vasculitis. Pulmonary symptoms occur commonly, but gastrointestinal, renal, cardiac, and musculoskeletal manifestations may also occur. Disease activity and expression can be variable, and progressive organ failure may occur in the absence of ...
Pearce C B - - 1999
A 19-year-old postpartum patient with a previous history of asthma and eosinophilic myocarditis is described. Eosinophilic myocarditis is thought to be caused by exacerbation of the idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome by pregnancy. The diagnosis was made by a right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy, which showed an eosinophilic infiltrate with a few scattered ...
Frustaci A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The causal role of asymptomatic critical coronary artery obstruction in patients presenting with severe global biventricular dysfunction but no evidence of myocardial infarction is uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 291 patients aged >40 years undergoing a noninvasive (2-dimensional echocardiography) and invasive (catheterization, coronary angiography, and biventricular endomyocardial biopsy, 6 ...
Thomsen T K - - 1999
Sudden death is the most common manifestation of myocardial sarcoidosis, which is often clinically silent. The disease is rarely encountered in forensic medicine, but the diagnosis is important because it may change the interpretation of the manner of death and thus have insurance implications. Six cases of myocardial sarcoidosis diagnosed ...
Nakagawa C - - 1999
This report describes a patient with eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma. A 50-year-old man presented with a complaint of precordial pain. However, the only abnormal finding on examinatioin was eosinophilia (1617 eosinophils/microl). Three years later, the patient developed chronic eczema, and was diagnosed with ...
Freddo T - - 1999
PURPOSE: To describe the pathologic findings in an unusual case of giant cell arteritis that presented initially with visual loss and rapidly culminated in myocardial infarction. CASE REPORT: After the death of the patient, a complete autopsy was performed, including bilateral enucleation. All specimens, including a temporal artery biopsy completed ...
Sherer Y - - 1999
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is currently used with much enthusiasm for the treatment of many autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Among its various indications, IVIg has also been found to be beneficial in myocarditis, whether or not it is associated with an autoimmune disease (e.g. Kawasaki's disease). We report ...
Hammann C - - 1999
A 30-year-old woman with mixed connective tissue disease was admitted with Wernicke's aphasia and progressive dyspnoea with chest pain. Multiple brain infarcts on a computed tomographic scan were compatible with a thromboembolic aetiology. Echocardiography showed marked hypokinesia of the posterior wall, biventricular dilatation and a decreased left-ventricle ejection fraction (40%). ...
Allen B C - - 1999
A 57-year-old man received a cardiac allograft for severe ischemic heart disease. His endomyocardial biopsy at eight weeks postoperatively showed a focus of unusual myocardial morphology characterized by small diameter myocytes associated with loose, myxoid appearing stroma and a myocytic mitotic figure. We feel this may represent a unique type ...
Hayashi S - - 1999
A 62-year-old man with acute eosinophilic endomyocarditis developed congestive heart failure. The biopsy specimens revealed degranulated eosinophils and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in the endocardium, and in activated eosinophils and the myocardial interstitium. On electronmicroscopy, a characteristic cardiac myocytolytic change showing disruption at the intercellular junctional site was observed. After ...
Hiramitsu S - - 1998
A national survey of endomyocardial biopsy procedures was conducted in Japan. Questionnaires were mailed to 852 institutions and statistical analysis of the 213 completed questionnaires (25.0% of the total) was performed. Cardiac biopsies were being performed at 134 of these institutions (62.9%), representing a 5.5-fold increase over 1980. A total ...
Lee J K - - 1998
In viral myocarditis, inflammation and destruction of cardiac myocytes leads to fibrosis, causing progressive impairment in cardiac function. Here we show the etiologic importance of serine elastase activity in the pathophysiology of acute viral myocarditis and the therapeutic efficacy of an elastase inhibitor. In DBA/2 mice inoculated with the encephalomyocarditis ...
Frustaci A - - 1998
Treatment of cardiac dysfunction associated with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is empiric since the histologic findings provided by endomyocardial biopsy are rare and often nondiagnostic. Myocardial necrotizing vasculitis presenting as restrictive cardiomyopathy has not been reported before. A case of CSS, presenting with fever and progressive heart failure due to pericarditis, ...
Agostini D - - 1998
Abnormalities of norepinephrine uptake have been found to reflect impairment in adrenergic nerve function that has influenced the cardiac outcome of patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to explore the cardiac neuronal function by using 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy in patients with acute myocarditis. METHODS: We studied ...
Lehmann M H - - 1998
The cytotoxic action of leukocytes may be a most probable cause of cardiac myocyte damage seen in chronic myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The migration and tissue infiltration of leukocytes is regulated by chemotactic cytokines. Recently, the presence of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) messenger RNA has been demonstrated in ...
Rossi M A - - 1998
The present study deals with both pathologic fibrosis and matrix connective tissue in chronic chagasic myocarditis. A total of 12 hearts were obtained at autopsy. Eight cases of chronic chagasic myocarditis were selected. Four cases without evidence of cardiac disease were used as controls. The diagnosis of chronic Chagas' heart ...
Armstrong A T - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to determine the degree and time course over 6 years of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis of the cardiac allograft in transplanted patients. BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction and to a certain extent systolic dysfunction are common cardiac findings after heart transplantation. The development of posttransplant cardiomyocyte ...
Stather D - - 1998
We report the case of a 58-year-old woman, with an 8-year history of pulmonary sarcoidosis, who died in acute myocardial failure after cardiac catheterization. Systemic amyloid, likely of the AL type, was found to involve her myocardial interstitium and intramyocardial coronary arteries, as well as her spleen, thyroid, kidneys, and ...
Brodison A - - 1998
Myocarditis is the end result of a heterogeneous group of conditions which cause inflammation of the myocardium. The resulting myocardial dysfunction may be responsible for significant morbidity and reduced life expectancy of the survivors. The condition is difficult to diagnose and treatment is on the whole rather unsatisfactory. Further work ...
Cosio F G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Herein we investigated the relationships between acute rejection (AR), infection, and renal allograft infarcts, particularly those infarcts that occur beyond the immediate posttransplant period and that affect functioning grafts. METHODS: Infarcts (n=59) were classified as: (1) early (EI; <2 months after transplant; n=32); or (2) late (LI; >2 months; ...
Garg A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The use of immunosuppressive therapy for myocarditis is controversial. PURPOSE: To review the literature on the effectiveness of immunosuppressive therapy in biopsy-proven lymphocytic myocarditis. DATA SOURCES: Two authors independently searched MEDLINE and other medical databases from 1980 to 26 June 1997. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized, controlled trials; matched-cohort studies; and ...
Serrano R - - 1998
AIMS: We report a case study to elucidate the pathogenesis of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) type vasculitis, a rare complication of familial mediterranean fever (FMF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A woman with amyloidosis complicating FMF underwent a cadaveric renal transplantation and 5 years later suffered an acute myocardial infarction secondary to an ...
McCarthy R E RE - - 1998
Primary amyloidosis, systemic senile amyloidosis, isolated atrial amyloidosis, and transthyretin isoleucine 122 amyloidosis frequently involve the heart. Amyloid fibrils infiltrate the myocardium, impairing ventricular contraction and relaxation. The clinical manifestations of cardiac infiltration in these disorders are protean, though congestive heart failure and arrhythmias are most common. Treatment of cardiac ...
de Lonlay-Debeney P - - 1998
We present a 9-month-old child presenting with acute cardiomyopathy and fever following a viral illness. He was diagnosed to have acute myocarditis, was proposed for an external hemodynamic assistance but died of ventricular tachycardia. Post-mortem data revealed a very-long-chain acylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. Our report raises awareness on the interest ...
de Leeuw N - - 1998
Persistence of enteroviruses in heart tissue has been implicated in the etiology of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). Therefore, we determined the prevalence of enterovirus RNA in heart tissue from patients with end-stage IDC. During heart transplantation, 287 transmural biopsy specimens were aseptically collected from the explanted hearts of 38 patients ...
Yazaki Y - - 1998
A 62-year-old woman with skin sarcoidosis was admitted to our hospital to ascertain whether she had cardiac involvement. Although she displayed no cardiac signs or symptoms, the electrocardiogram showed first-degree atrioventricular block, right bundle branch block with left anterior fascicular block, and giant negative T waves in the V3 lead. ...
Tritapepe L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study human myocardial ultrastructural changes after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning inducing reversible cardiac failure. DESIGN: Case report: clinical, functional and morphologic findings. SETTINGS: Public university-affiliated hospital and electron microscopy laboratory. PATIENT: A 25-yr-old woman with functional evidence of cardiac failure after acute CO poisoning. INTERVENTIONS: Hyperbaric and intensive ...
Bocchi Edimar Alcides - - 1998
BACKGROUND: We studied the correlation among cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), gallium-67 myocardial uptake, and right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy results in chronic Chagas' disease. To our knowledge, this represents the first attempt to correlate the histological findings with cardiac MRI and gallium-67 myocardial uptake for noninvasive diagnosis of inflammatory activity ...
Goldstein J A - - 1998
We studied a novel-shaped long-neck sheath for endomyocardial biopsy through the internal jugular approach. The sheath is designed to provide a stable platform that facilitates direct atraumatic passage of the biopsy forceps in close proximity to and oriented toward the target septal site, which avoids undesirable repetitive recrossing of the ...
Starling R C - - 1998
The study was designed to characterize the relationship between the metabolite content of human cardiac muscle and in vivo cardiac function. ATP, total adenine nucleotides, and NAD were quantified in human myocardial biopsies using high performance liquid chromatography. Right ventricular endomyocardial biopsies were obtained from 43 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, ...
Covino E - - 1998
The authors describe a simple method to perform left ventricular biopsies during open heart surgery. An automatic gun shaped device is used by one hand of the surgeon: the sample is obtained in a few seconds, at any time of the surgical procedure. It consists of a transmural piece of ...
Dubrey S W - - 1998
We reviewed clinical presentation, investigations, therapy, prognosis and outcome of 232 patients with primary (AL) cardiac amyloidosis. There were 142 men and 90 women. Median age at presentation was 59 years (range 29-85). AL heart disease was unusual both in patients under the age of 40 (3.0%) and in non-Caucasians ...
Arima M - - 1998
We report on a 37-year-old man with congestive heart failure caused by eosinophilic myocarditis associated with toxicodermia. He developed many annular skin eruptions and peripheral eosinophilia due to reactions against phenobarbital. Right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy revealed extensive infiltration of eosinophils in the myocardium. A drug lymphocyte-stimulating test (DLST) for phenobarbital ...
Reyes MP - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Acute myocarditis can progress to chronic heart muscle disease and cardiomyopathy. In the coxsackievirus B(3) (CB(3)) mouse model of myocarditis, early administration of captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, ameliorated histopathological changes in inflammation, necrosis, and calcification and reduced heart weight. Late administration of captopril reduced heart weight but ...
Sharma O P - - 1997
Clinically apparent involvement of the heart and nervous system occurs in a relatively small number of patients with sarcoidosis. The diagnosis of myocardial and neurological sarcoidosis is difficult because anatomic presence of granulomas without clinical dysfunction is an important feature of sarcoidosis. The chest radiography is abnormal in 8 of ...
Mañá J - - 1997
67Gallium scan has been used for years in sarcoidosis as a marker of activity, a determiner of the extent and distribution of the disease, a diagnostic support, and an aid in therapeutic management. Because of its limited sensitivity and specificity for sarcoidosis, however, it is currently used mainly to assist ...
Baboonian C - - 1997
The role of viruses in the genesis of both dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and acute myocarditis remains uncertain. Modern molecular techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridisation are sensitive means of detecting viral genomic material in human myocardial tissue and may help to resolve the quest. Meta-analysis ...
Heim A - - 1997
Detection of enterovirus RNA in endomyocardial biopsies (EMB) by reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is currently the preferred diagnostic procedure in suspected enterovirus heart disease (EHD), which can present clinically as myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). EMB and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 44 ...
Yamashita K - - 1997
The authors report a patient with eosinophilic myocarditis who developed severe chest pain with marked elevation of the ST segment on the electrocardiogram, which led them to suspect the presence of acute myocardial infarction. Emergency coronary angiography showed numerous occlusions and stenoses at the distal right and left coronary arteries, ...
Armstrong A T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship between transplant vascular sclerosis (TVS) and tissue fibrosis, features of chronic rejection that can develop rapidly in accepted heterotopic murine cardiac allografts. METHODS: The rate of development of interstitial fibrosis or TVS development was determined by computerized analysis of tissue sections from DBA/2-->C57BL/6 heterotopic ...
Clesham G J - - 1997
The severity of cardiac infiltration in AL amyloidosis is unrelated to whole body amyloid load as measured by serum amyloid P (SAP) tracer studies. Radiolabeled SAP and echocardiography permit identification of patients with severe cardiac disease with a low whole body load who may be the best candidates for transplantation.
Reuhl J - - 1997
Two relatively young women died suddenly due to myocardial sarcoidosis. Necropsy in both cases revealed compact infiltration of the ventricular septum by fibrous tissue. Histologic sections elucidated extensive granulomatous degeneration and giant cells of the Langhans' and foreign body type without central necrosis of the granulomas. Both women had been ...
Itoh E - - 1997
A 47-year-old woman was admitted with fever, hypotension, an elevated serum creatinine kinase level, and electrocardiographic abnormalities, which led to the diagnosis of acute myocarditis. She was placed on percutaneous cardiopulmonary support because of hemodynamic collapse on the third hospital day. Serial echocardiography showed gradual recovery of profound hypokinesis and ...
Drury John H. - - 1997
Endomyocardial biopsy is fundamental to the success of cardiac transplantation and can also provide important information for the diagnosis of primary and secondary myocardial pathology. Classically, endomyocardial biopsy procedures have utilized fluoroscopy to guide bioptome manipulation. However, echocardiographic guidance has many distinct advantages. We review our experience of 4301 echocardiography ...
Patel A R - - 1997
This study was designed to characterize the geometry and function of the right ventricle and its prognostic significance in patients with primary (AL) cardiac amyloidosis. AL amyloidosis is an infiltrative systemic disease that can result in thickening of heart structures and rapidly progressive congestive heart failure due to restrictive ventricular ...
Eccleshall S C - - 1997
A 50 year old, recent cardiac transplant recipient developed systolic and diastolic murmurs but remained asymptomatic. The cause of the murmurs was not evident at transthoracic echocardiography. During routine left heart catheterisation a left anterior descending artery to right ventricular fistula was evident arising from the distal vessel and presumably ...
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