Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1014
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Sarda L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnosis of myocarditis in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and normal coronary angiograms. BACKGROUND: Most often in these patients, the etiologic diagnosis remains unclear once they are found to have normal coronary arteries. The diagnosis of myocarditis mimicking ...
Chow L H - - 2001
Although accurate detection of cardiac muscle damage is critical in the diagnosis of acute myocarditis or acute cellular rejection in both clinical and experimental settings, the histologic evaluation is frequently uncertain without specialized stains. In a study of adult male A/J mice infected with 2x10(5) plaque-forming units of myocarditic coxsackievirus ...
Takayama F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) predominantly occurs in the osteoarticular structures, but it also systemically appears in the extra-articular tissues as well. However, the pathological characteristics of DRA in the hearts of hemodialysis (HD) patients have rarely been reported. METHODS: We studied the pathological characteristics of DRA in the hearts of ...
Cox I D - - 2001
We report an unusual case of acute myocarditis associated with Campylobacter jejuni enterocolitis leading to severe impairment of left ventricular systolic function. Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was used to confirm the presence of acute myocardial inflammation and its resolution.
Arbustini E - - 2001
Dilated cardiomyopathy may result from an acute myocarditis. Little is reported in vivo documenting the progression from the acute inflammatory disease to the healing phase. We describe the consecutive light and electron microscopy studies performed on five myocardial sample series in a 47-year-old female patient who was referred to our ...
Lauwerys B R - - 2001
Myocardial thrombotic microangiopathy is a well described post-mortem finding in patients with the catastrophic antiphospholipid (APL) syndrome. However, it has been only very rarely imaged in living patients. Here, we report two patients with APL antibodies presenting with scintigraphic, electrocardiographic and/or echocardiographic evidence of (sub)acute myocardial ischaemia, despite a normal ...
Alter P - - 2001
A 24 year old male with varicella myocarditis was admitted with chest pain and fever up to 39 degrees C. The ECG showed J point and ST elevation in leads V2-V4, and inverted T waves in leads V5 and V6. Creatine kinase (CK) was raised to 435 U/l (CK-MB 36 ...
Stull L B - - 2000
Although myocarditis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure, a definitive relationship between myocardial inflammation, cardiac dysfunction, and changes in myocyte gene expression has not been established. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that myocardial inflammation and replacement fibrosis following an autoimmune response can progress to cardiac ...
Kasow D L - - 2000
Infarcts of the corpus callosum have not been well documented in the radiologic literature. We present five cases that were unusual in either their clinical or radiologic presentation or both. Biopsies were performed in three of the five cases, and in time, all lesions evolved in a pattern consistent with ...
Felker G M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The reported mortality rate of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is high, although the potential for spontaneous recovery of ventricular function is well established. The prevalence of myocarditis in PPCM has varied widely between studies. The purposes of this study were to define the long-term prognosis in a referral population of ...
Sahoo B - - 2000
Tuberous sclerosis with macrodactyly is a very uncommon presentation. We report a 15-year-old girl with a thick, loose hyperpigmented area on the dorsum of the left hand with macrodactyly. A skin biopsy specimen from the dorsum of the left hand revealed dense collagenization in the dermis. Radiographs showed marked irregular ...
Ahdoot J - - 2000
Acute viral myocarditis triggers an autoimmune phenomenon that aggressive immunosuppressive therapy with monoclonal OKT3 may suppress. We treated 5 patients, aged 15 months to 16.5 years, who had acute viral myocarditis and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 5% to 20%, with a combination immunosuppressive regimen that included OKT3, intravenous ...
Milord R A - - 2000
Prostatic infarcts are uncommon and in the past have only been reported on transurethral resections of the prostate. We reviewed 13 consults and 2 nonconsult cases of needle biopsies showing prostatic infarcts from two institutions. The incidence of infarcts on biopsy were 2 in 2958 (0.07%) and 1 in 108,586 ...
Winkel E - - 2000
Myocarditis and its sequela, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), cause substantial morbidity and mortality, especially in children and young adults. Physicians should include myocarditis in the differential diagnosis of all patients who have new symptoms of heart failure, arrhythmia, or chest pain syndromes of unclear cause, and should strongly consider performing endomyocardial ...
Uchino K - - 2000
The first stage of eosinophilic myocarditis is called the necrotizing phase. This stage of eosinophilic myocarditis of unknown cause is often fulminant and rapidly fatal, occurring predominantly in males. Here, we report a case of eosinophilic myocarditis in the acute necrotizing phase occurred without known cause in a 23-year-old Japanese ...
Delgado R M - - 2000
We describe a 32-year-old patient with acute myocarditis resulting in severe heart failure with hemodynamic compromise who improved significantly after treatment with immune globulin and pulse steroids. Six weeks after termination of the immunosuppressive therapy the patient developed symptoms of heart failure again and his ejection fraction decreased to 30%-34%. ...
Angelini A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis, using endomyocardial biopsies, that unexplained cases of apparent acute myocardial infarction were caused by myocarditis. MATERIAL: Between 1992 and 1998, 12 patients were admitted to the coronary care unit with severe chest pain, ST segment elevation, increased serum creatine kinase and MB isoenzyme, and with ...
Mueller P S - - 2000
PURPOSE: Obstructive intramural coronary amyloidosis is an unusual complication of systemic amyloidosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We review the characteristics of 11 patients seen at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) from January 1, 1960, to June 1, 1999, with intramural cardiac amyloidosis diagnosed at autopsy or after examination of an explanted ...
Straatman L P - - 2000
Rapamycin is a new immunosuppressive agent that has been shown to be effective in the treatment of acute cardiac rejection in the adult population. This case documents a pediatric patient with ongoing cardiac rejection that did not abate despite treatment with antithymocyte serum (RATS), corticosteroid pulses, and methotrexate in addition ...
Riera Sagrera M - - 2000
Echocardiographic abnormalities of myocarditis are polymorphous and nonspecific. The presence of increased ventricular wall thickness, typically transient, is an infrequent finding in myocarditis that can correspond to an improvement in the clinical status of the patient and the ejection fraction. We report the case of a patient with acute myocarditis ...
Moran A M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft rejection is a multifocal immune process that is currently assessed using biopsy-guided histologic classification systems (International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation). Cardiac troponin T and I are established serologic markers of global myocyte damage. The use of load-independent measures of contractility have also been shown to ...
Shimizu M - - 2000
A 65-year-old woman was admitted to hospital because of orthopnea. She had been followed-up for chronic pericardial effusion detected by echocardiography 10 years previously. Initial echocardiography showed that the left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDd) was 39 mm and percent fractional shortening (%FS) was 33.3%. Neither fluid samples nor a pericardial ...
Briassoulis G - - 2000
We report a successful outcome on an acute adenovirus myocarditis treated with a 24-hour high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (24-HDIVIG) in a 4.5-year-old girl. A postviral etiology of acute myocarditis was assessed on the basis of the polymerase chain reaction technique. Among other early markers of cardiac injury, cardiac isoform of troponin-I ...
Piper C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the stage of myocardial dysfunction at which an upregulation of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (EXCH) transcription takes place. BACKGROUND: Because EXCH is an important regulator of intracellular calcium homeostasis, alterations in EXCH expression may occur before the onset of end-stage heart failure (HF) to ...
Hill D A - - 2000
Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) after fetal development is uncommon and is most often seen in patients who have hematologic disorders. EMH unassociated with hematologic disease is rare. After the recent observation of EMH in a myocardial infarct, we sought to determine the frequency and clinicopathologic setting of EMH in myocardial tissues ...
Felker G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to use echocardiography to assess the presentation and potential for recovery of left ventricular (LV) function of patients with fulminant myocarditis compared with those with acute myocarditis. BACKGROUND: The clinical course of patients with myocarditis remains poorly defined. We have previously proposed a classification that provides prognostic ...
Liangos O - - 2000
The histopathological features of heart involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) are not widely known. In internal and transplantation medicine, myocardial biopsies are increasingly used to diagnose cardiomyopathies including myocarditis. In two SSc patients presenting with dyspnoea with no evidence of pulmonary involvement, the cause of the compromised heart function was ...
Cunningham R - - 2000
Acute viral myocarditis is an uncommon but potentially fatal illness in children. Patients with myocarditis may present with nonspecific symptoms or atypical findings that make diagnosis in the emergency department difficult. We describe a previously healthy 14-month-old child with difficulty breathing and a tonic-clonic seizure who was subsequently found to ...
Babuty D - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Asymmetric distribution of histologic lesions have been reported in grafted hearts that could hamper the interpretation of right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. Heterotopic heart transplantations were performed in rats (n=59) and guinea pigs (n=20). Grafted hearts were examined by a pathologist who established the degree of cardiac rejection ...
Calabrese F - - 2000
AIMS: Despite the evidence of familial occurrence, chromosomal gene mapping, and apoptosis as a mechanism of myocyte death, the aetiopathogenesis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) remains speculative. Because of the frequent histological finding of focal inflammatory infiltrates, the hypothesis of an infective myocarditis aetiology has been put forward. The ...
Pahl E - - 2000
Late acute cardiac graft failure carries a high mortality in adults. Vascular mediators and factors other than classic T-cell-mediated rejection may play a role in this process, and aggressive multimodality therapy may improve survival. We report experience with plasmapheresis in treating late severe acute left ventricular dysfunction in a group ...
Yunis Nidal A. - - 2000
Senile cardiac amyloidosis is a form of amyloidosis seen more commonly in the elderly population. It was previously believed to have no functional significance, but more recent studies suggest that it is an important cause for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the elderly. The diagnosis may be challenging and it ...
Yin R - - 2000
PURPOSE: To introduce the epidemical, pathological, and clinical characteristics as well as the diagnostic and therapeutical experiences of endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) in China. DATA SOURCES: A CMBdisc search was done of the Chinese-language literature published from January 1983 through June 1997 about EMF and/or restrictive cardiomyopathy. A manual search was ...
Umetani K - - 2000
A 71-year-old male with sarcoidosis was followed for 6 years without steroid therapy. He was admitted because of complete atrioventricular block. Chest X-ray showed hilar lymphadenopathy. Echocardiogram showed mild left ventricular hypertrophy without local wall thinning. Cardiac sarcoidosis was diagnosed by a defect of Thallium-201 (Tl-201) imaging and abnormal uptake ...
Zabejinski M M - - 2000
A new rabbit experimental model was developed in order to study the role of the lymph system in the pathogenesis of diphtheritic myocarditis. We injected the diphtheritic toxin into the connective tissue (tela cellularis) of the anterior mediastinum. (It inevitably drains from there to the lymph vessels of the heart.) ...
Ueda T - - 2000
Although myocarditis from a series of autopsies of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus was frequently observed, the incidence of clinically apparent myocardial dysfunction was low. A 30-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus was examined by echocardiography. An acoustic densitometry was followed at the left ventricular posterior wall throughout the clinical ...
Su X - - 2000
To elucidate the characteristic myocytic changes in chronic ischemic myocardium, an electronmicroscopic (EM) study was carried out in surgically excised postmyocardial infarction left ventricular aneurysm (LVAN) (n = 15) using semiquantitative (in all 15 cases) and quantitative assessment methods (in 10 cases). The control group, representing normal ultrastructure, included left ...
Bohnert M - - 2000
The application of ultraviolet light in forensic practice is a well-tested method to visualise traces or skin alterations. When viewing myocardial sections under UV light at autopsy, bluish-white fluorescent areas became visible that could not be detected in the seemingly homogenous myocardium in daylight. A systematic comparison of the macroscopic ...
Eguchi M - - 2000
Left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) involvement in sarcoidosis must be firmly confirmed to determine patients' prognosis. We examined whether myocardial perfusion images using technetium-99m single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have a diagnostic benefit in the evaluation of biventricular involvement. Sixteen patients with sarcoidosis, aged 21-78 (54 +/- ...
Lozano M D - - 2000
Graft arteriosclerosis (GA) is characterized as a diffuse, usually concentric, proliferative lesion of uncertain pathogenesis that occurs in the coronary arteries of cardiac allografts involving both the microvasculature and epicardial vessels, and represents the major limitation to long-term recipient survival. The whole length of the vessel is affected, including small ...
Al Suwaidi J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Manifestations of cardiac amyloidosis may include congestive heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Although vascular involvement in patients with amyloidosis is common, systemic amyloidosis presenting with angina is rare. OBJECTIVES: To report on patients with systemic amyloidosis presenting with angina pectoris. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: ...
Houël R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: At present, myocardial recovery with mechanical support for acute myocarditis is a more frequently observed issue. However, predictive parameters of a sustained myocardial recovery are still under investigation. METHODS: Two recent cases of mechanical support for acute lymphocytic myocarditis with two different outcomes are reported. Literature about this disease ...
Menghini V V VV Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 1999
Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) is a rare and frequently fatal disorder with no proven treatment. Case reports and data from a rat model of GCM suggest that immunosuppressive therapy directed against T lymphocytes may have clinical benefit. We describe a 47-year-old man with severe acute heart failure due to GCM ...
Hung Ming-Jui - - 1999
Pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography was performed repeatedly in two women (24 and 23 years old) who had clinically suspected acute myocarditis. Systolic function recovered earlier than diastolic function in both cases. Although left ventricular diastolic dysfunction has been demonstrated in lymphocytic myocarditis, this difference in the rates of systolic and diastolic ...
Kodama K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Histopathological study in amyloid heart demonstrates that myocyte destructed by the extracellular deposition of amyloid protein together with viable myocyte is present. We hypothesized that rapid thallium washout may be found in amyloid heart as in regions which have a mixture of viable myocyte and scar tissue in patients ...
Podolsky S H - - 1999
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is an uncommon syndrome resulting from diffuse occlusion of small arterioles and capillaries by hyaline microthrombi. It is characterized by fever, thrombocytopenic purpura, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and neurologic and renal dysfunction. While cardiac pathology in TTP is commonly seen at autopsy, clinical cardiac dysfunction is rare ...
Gillmore J D - - 1999
An 83 year old white man with atrial fibrillation was admitted to hospital after a cerebral infarct. Echocardiography was characteristic of cardiac amyloid deposition and subsequent tests confirmed amyloidosis of transthyretin (TTR) type, in association with the Ile122 mutation of the TTR gene; this has only been reported previously in ...
Karjalainen J - - 1999
AIMS: The incidence of myocarditis is uncertain as diagnostic criteria have been vague. We evaluated the incidence of myocarditis presenting in three well defined forms (mimicking myocardial infarction, presenting as dilated cardiomyopathy, and as a cause of sudden death) in young men in military service over a 20-year period. METHODS ...
Fontaine G - - 1999
Fat that is well demarcated from underlying muscle is found on the right ventricular free wall and around epicardial coronary vessels. Fat is not present in the left ventricle in normal subjects. In right ventricular dysplasia, fat and fibrosis may massively displace right ventricular myocardial tissue. It is frequently associated ...
Lee K J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical outcomes of a paediatric population with histologically confirmed lymphocytic myocarditis. DESIGN: A retrospective review between November 1984 and February 1998. SETTING: A major paediatric tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: 36 patients with histologically confirmed lymphocytic myocarditis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival, cardiac transplantation, recovery of ventricular function, and ...
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