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Maggs P R - - 1979
The understanding of left ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock after myocardial infarction has been facilitated by a two-component model proposed by Swan et al. which views the left ventricle as consisting of a clearly defined infarcted portion and a normally functioning remainder. Although appealing, this model is difficult to substantiate ...
Dor X - - 1979
An experimental study on the heart of the chick embryo demonstrates that the atrio-ventricular canal does not migrate towards the right, but that it is the inter-ampullar ring which almost completely migrates to the left. Consequently: 1. absence of migration of the interampullar ring will be responsible for the development ...
Anderson K R - - 1979
Experimental cardiac infarction produced in dogs by coronary artery ligation has been used to investigate the value of macroscopic histochemical enzyme loss in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction at post-mortem. Creative phosphokinase and non-specific dehydrogenase methods gave the best results but became positive only 5-6 hr after infarction. It is ...
Thompson P L - - 1979
Limitation of myocardial injury after coronary occlusion is an exciting, recently recognised, but as yet unconfirmed, possibility in the treatment of myocardial infarction. Review of the experimental basis for the concept indicates that although manipulation of the ST segment of the electrocardiogram is not sufficient proof that myocardial necrosis can ...
Barts M P - - 1979
In 59 sexually mature male chinchilla rabbits, and in control sham-operated animals, there were compared the indicators characterizing the functional state of the heart and the levels of catecholamines and of SH groups in experimental myocardial infarction induced by ligating the descending branch of the left coronary artery. Phasic shifts ...
Eldevik O P - - 1978
The effect of hydration on the incidence of complications from myelography with aqueous media was studied. Myelography was performed with methylglucamine iocarmate in dehydrated and vigorously hydrated monkeys. The incidence of seizures and the severity of arachnoiditis were significantly greater in the dehydrated animals. The authors suggest that patients be ...
Heng M K - - 1978
The effect of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusions was studied in 45 dogs after left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. GIK caused a modest increase in lactate concentration in small veins draining the infarct but did not affect glucose uptake. No effect on creatine kinase activity in the infarct was seen from ...
Higgins C B - - 1978
The concentration of iodine within infarcted and normal myocardium after intravenous administration of contrast material was determined by fluorescence excitation analysis in seven dogs at 48 hours after coronary arterial ligation. The iodine concentration of infarcted myocardial tissue was several times greater than normal myocardium after administration of meglumine/sodium diatrizoate, ...
Laky D - - 1978
The biology of the myocardial fiber was studied under experimental conditions similar to angina and the premonitory syndrome of myocardial infarction. The morphophysiologic data obtained particularly concerning the mitochondria demonstrated that affection of the myocardium by progressive ischaemia induced less severe lesions than the abrupt onset of ischaemia, also lowering ...
Bickford A A - - 1978
Gross and histopathologic lesions were studied in 10 Broad-Breasted White turkeys with acute erysipelas induced experimentally. The gross pathologic features of the disease conformed very closely with descriptions in the literature (7). Histopathologic evaluation was concentrated on the inoculation site (skin), proventriculus, ileocecal area of the intestine, liver, spleen, kidney, ...
Nelson C V - - 1978
Vector dipole moments were measured on young pigs before and one week after ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Vectors were obtained for the three peaks of vector spatial magnitude, M. Preoperative, postoperative, and difference vectors were measured for each peak. If excitation is normal except through the ...
Hacker H - - 1978
Objective digital determination of CSF spaces is discussed, with ventricular and subarachnoid spaces handled separately. This method avoids the difficulty of visual definition of ventricular borders in planimetric measurements. The principle is to count automatically all pixels corresponding to CSF in a given region with a Hounsfield unit and to ...
Levi R - - 1978
To investigate the involvement of the heart in acute allergic reactions in a system immunologically analogous to that of humans, a model of cardiac anaphylaxis mediated by IgE antibodies was developed in the guinea pig. Hearts obtained from guinea pigs, passively sensitized with homologous antidinitrophenyl IgE antibodies, were perfused and ...
Asada M - - 1978
Of 53 patients with periventricular lucency, 70% revealed obstructive hydrocephalus, mainly due to infratentorial tumors, and the remainder were cases of communicating hydrocephalus, usually secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage. Of the patients with PVL, 95% had hypertensive hydrocephalus and 60% showed slightly dilated ventricles. Computer analysis was helpful in displaying PVL ...
Narahara K A - - 1977
The true myocardial and background components of a resting thallium-201 myocardial image were determined in an experimental dog model. True background was determined by imaging after the heart had been removed and replaced with a water-filled balloon of equal size and shape. In all studies, the background estimated from the ...
Lewis M - - 1977
A method for noninvasive sizing of myocardial infarction, in which data from technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate scintigrams and a three-dimensional model were used, was tested on experimental, acute anterior infarcts in dogs. The results indicate that the method does size experimental anterior infarcts accurately, but further testing will be necessary to ...
Sugiyama S - - 1977
This investigation was designed to diagnose high posterior infarction easily through the use of body surface isopotential maps. High posterior infarction was experimentally caused by ligation of the branch of the circumflex artery of the canine left coronary artery. Each dog had a series of maps recorded before and four ...
Gonzalez A C - - 1977
Myocardial contusions of variable severity were experimentally produced by an air-driven piston or serrated clamp in 29 dogs. Two 99mTc-labeled bone-seeking agents (99mTc pyrophosphate and 99mTc tetracycline) were used with cardiac scintigraphy to determine the sensitivity of these agents in detecting different degrees of myocardial damage. Results showed that 99mTc ...
Brachtel R - - 1977
The pathogenesis of local skin necroses after intramuscular injection of various drugs such as phenylbutazone (Embolia cutis medicamentosa, Nicolau's syndrome) is not clear. In an attempt to simulate this clinical feature experiments were performed on the rabbit ear lobe. A 20% phenylbutazone solution was injected paraarterial, intraarterial and paraarterial after ...
Eliot R S - - 1977
The effects of 20th-century stress on the cardiovascular system are reviewed and correlated with experimental animal models. A classic example of such stress is drawn from a study of the aerospace workers at Cape Kennedy who were shown to be exposed to excessive occupational stress. Surprisingly, the usual risk factors ...
Armiger L C - - 1977
A series of experimental infarcts of the posterior papillary muscle of the canine heart was used to assess the value of 6 special stains in the histological detection of early myocardial infarction. The infarcts were of 5-720 min duration and were compared not only with normal control myocardium but also ...
Odom J V - - 1977
A 2 X 2 experimental design utilized two levels of verbally reported snake fearfulness (high-low) and two levels of experimental demand (high-low) with 16 college student subjects during a behavioral avoidance test. Subjects given high-demand instructions for heart-rate increase increased their heart rate more than subjects given low-demand instructions. Results ...
Klinar B - - 1977
A comparison between the one-step and the two step copper thiocholine procedure for the subcellular localization of cholinesterases was undertaken. The results indicate that only under experimental conditions with short incubation times and precise control of the conversion into sulphide is the localization of the primary precipitate and that of ...
Polcyn R E - - 1977
The role of short-lived gaseous radiotracers in myocardial function studies is reviewed. The evaluation of shunts and ejection fractions characterizing individual chambers is best performed with tracers restricted to those chambers. Classic examples include the C15 O2 inhalation radiocardiogram for probing the left-heart performance, with the right heart illuminated by ...
Rose A G - - 1976
Light microscopical criteria of early experimental myocardial infarction were compared with biochemical changes in glycogen content and the tissue K+/Na+ ratio in 19 mongrel dogs. Five sham-operated dogs served as controls, and seven of the 14 dogs with experimentally induced infarcts received infusions of glucose, insulin, and potassium (GIK). Infarcts ...
Bonilla C A - - 1976
A protein has been isolated from the venom of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) which induces acute myocardial depression when administered to experimental animals. Purification was achieved by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100, DEAE- and CM-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography, ultra-filtration, and adsorption chromatography on hydroxyapatite. Amino acid analysis of the ...
Pugh B R - - 1976
The present studies performed in experimental animals demonstrate that electrical direct current cardioversion can produce skeletal muscle damage and increased technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (99mTc-PYP) uptake; in experimental animals the electrically damaged skeletal muscle shows necrosis with extensive calcium deposition. In addition, the frequent administration of high energy cardioversion produces myocardial ...
Abitbol M M - - 1976
Unlike the normal human placenta, the normal rabbit placenta, near term, is essentially free of such stigmas of aging as infarcts and syncytial knots. When experimental toxemia is produced in the pregnant rabbit by ligating the terminal aorta to a specific degree of stricture, placental lesions resembling those found in ...
Burch G E - - 1976
Two young male patients are described in whom a viral type of upper respiratory tract infection was followed by myocardial infarction. Based upon previously reported experimental studies in mice and monkeys in which Coxsackie B4 virus produced extensive coronary arterial and capillary injury, and upon the clinical data in these ...
Rajs J - - 1976
An investigation was performed on 148 medicolegal autopsy cases with the purpose of obtaining experience with the hematoxylin basic fuchsin acid staining method for morphologic diagnosis of early myocardial ischemia. A comparative study was performed on rats with induced myocardial infarcts. The uptake of the basic fuchsin stain in myocardial ...
Suzuki S - - 1976
In an attempt to study the use and value in ventriculography of meglumine iocarmate (Dimer-X), previously accepted as a water soluble contrast medium safe for myelography, we have conducted animal experiments to compare Dimer-X with megulumine iothalamate (Conray 60) and meglumine diatrizoate (Angiografin). We also made clinical studies of Dimer-X. ...
Koga Y - - 1975
Experimental ileal atresia and stenosis were produced by a localized ligation of the mesenteric vessels in fetuses from 13 pregnant mongrel dogs having gestational ages of 45-55 days. The intestinal infarct in the fetus was characterized by an aseptic coagulation necrosis selectively limited to the mucosa and submucosa, and also ...
Harrison J D - - 1975
Ductal ligation of the sublingual gland induced mucocele formation in a high percentage of cats. Extravasated mucus was associated with all sublingual glands up to 20 days after ligation, and extravasation mucoceles were associated with 12 out of 27 sublingual glands between 7 and 365 days after ligation. Enzyme-histochemic examination ...
Opie L H - - 1975
The myocardial metabolism of free fatty acids, glucose and catecholamines is reviewed in relation to current trends in the therapy of experimental myocardial infarction. Major modifications in the metabolism of free fatty acids, glucose and catecholamines have already been found after acute myocardial infarction in man, and animal experimental data ...
Tredwell S J - - 1975
Roentgenographic evidence of avascular necrosis of the upper part of the dens was observed in thirteen of ninety-four patients treated for tuberculous kyphosis or non-tuberculous scoliosis using halo-pelvic distraction. Four patients had some residual loss of motion. A significant relationship was demonstrated between avascular necrosis and the amount of distraction ...
Harh J Y - - 1975
An experimental technique utilizing microfiber markers and radioautography was used to study the morphogenesis of the ventricular septum in the ckick embryo heart from stages 22 to 33 of Hamburger & Hamilton (1951). Fibers placed in the myocardium of the primitive ventricles of 4-day-old embryos within 250 mum to each ...
Shibata N - - 1975
In order to investigate the behavior of the energy-converting system in the myocardium, an experimental in vitro model was developed which consisted of contractile protein (myosin B) and mitochondria (Mit) prepared from canine cardiac muscle. In this system, ATP produced in Mit from added ADP caused the superprecipitation of the ...
Mathes P - - 1975
A marked, reversible decline in cardiac norepinephrine (NE) stores was noted after experimental myocardial infarction. Uptake and accumulation of tracer dose of dl-[7-14C]norepinephrine appeared to be unchanged as well as the rate of degradation. Despite marked variations in pool size the subcellular distribution appeared to be unchanged, and no preferential ...
Spitzer J J - - 1975
Myocardial substrate utilization was investigated following experimental coronary hypotension in isolated in vitro perfused dog hearts. Control observations were made at the beginning and at the end of the experiments with afterload of 100 mm Hg. Between the two controls, the afterload was lowered to 50 mm Hg and kept ...
Eichbaum F W - - 1975
Wavy myocardial fibers, especially when associated with focal edema, are a characteristic sign of acute myocardial ischemia. 'Waving' might be induced by the increased hydrostatic pressure of interstitial edema, which squeezes and stretches the neighboring fibers. Beside their regular occurrence in early myocardial infarcts, wavy myocardial fibers are also frequently ...
Parratt J R - - 1973
1. The predominant acute effect of E. coli endotoxin in anaesthetized, ventilated cats was pulmonary hypertension resulting from a 8-12 fold increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. This was followed by decreases in left ventricular (LV) and systemic arterial pressures and in LV dP/dt max. Recovery occurred within 2-4 min and ...
Das P K - - 1971
1. In cats anaesthetized with pentobarbitone, intravenous infusions of phentolamine ((10-50 mug/kg)/min for 5 min) increased heart rate, left ventricular dp/dt max (without increasing end-diastolic pressure), aortic dp/dt, cardiac output, myocardial blood flow and metabolic heat production.2. Phentolamine-induced increases in myocardial contractility occurred irrespective of the direction or magnitude of ...
HENG, M. K.
The effect of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusions was studied in 45 dogs after left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. GIK caused a modest increase in lactate concentration in small veins draining the infarct but did not affect glucose uptake. No effect on creatine kinase activity in the infarct was seen from ...
Goodpasture, Ernest W.
An experimental study upon the demonstrable effects of large doses of dried thyroid gland and thyroxin upon the myocardium of rabbits has been made. Animals under such treatment show characteristic clinical symptoms with definite, although relatively slight, myocardial lesions. Similarly treated animals which have, in addition, been subjected to chloroform ...
Jougasaki M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a potent hypertrophic factor discovered by coupling expression cloning in a mouse embryonic stem cell-based model of cardiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study was designed to investigate the potential activation of atrial and ventricular CT-1 expression in pacing-induced experimental congestive heart failure (CHF) and its ...
Ito T - - 1976
Abnormal electrocardiographic changes were found in some patients on long-term glucocorticoid treatment. In experimental animals, chronic glucocorticoid administration resulted in an increase of amplitude of the QRS complex and abnormal ST and T changes. Changes of action potential were somewhat different in the subendocardial and the subepicardial layers. Diffuse mitochondrial ...
- - 1988
This report discusses experimental and clinical applications of positron emission tomography to the heart, including measurements of blood flow to the myocardium and studies of metabolism and experimental injury. Most initial clinical studies have concentrated on ischemic heart disease, but the technique also has potential for investigation of cardiomyopathies, studying ...
Tanimoto T - - 1976
Experimental charcoal embolism of the pulmonary artery was produced in dogs. Changes in hemodynamics, electrophysiology, and cardiac energy liberation were observed. The effects of histaminic and antihistaminic drugs on these changes were also studied. After two infusions of charcoal suspension, acute right ventricular overloading was recognized hemodynamically and electrophysiologically. Mitochondria ...
MELVILLE K I - - 1964
Various cardiovascular effects of a new synthetic coronary vasodilator, alpha-isopropyl-alpha [(N-methyl - N - homoveratryl)-gamma-amino-propyl]-3, 4-dimethoxyphenylacetonitrile HCI (D365, Iproveratril or Isoptin) have been studied. In isolated perfused rabbit hearts the drug exerts a potent coronary vasodilator action, but can depress myocardial contractions and A-V conduction. In anesthetized cats it produces ...
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