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Results 351 - 379 of 379
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Bonilla C A - - 1976
A protein has been isolated from the venom of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) which induces acute myocardial depression when administered to experimental animals. Purification was achieved by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100, DEAE- and CM-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography, ultra-filtration, and adsorption chromatography on hydroxyapatite. Amino acid analysis of the ...
Pugh B R - - 1976
The present studies performed in experimental animals demonstrate that electrical direct current cardioversion can produce skeletal muscle damage and increased technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (99mTc-PYP) uptake; in experimental animals the electrically damaged skeletal muscle shows necrosis with extensive calcium deposition. In addition, the frequent administration of high energy cardioversion produces myocardial ...
Abitbol M M - - 1976
Unlike the normal human placenta, the normal rabbit placenta, near term, is essentially free of such stigmas of aging as infarcts and syncytial knots. When experimental toxemia is produced in the pregnant rabbit by ligating the terminal aorta to a specific degree of stricture, placental lesions resembling those found in ...
Burch G E - - 1976
Two young male patients are described in whom a viral type of upper respiratory tract infection was followed by myocardial infarction. Based upon previously reported experimental studies in mice and monkeys in which Coxsackie B4 virus produced extensive coronary arterial and capillary injury, and upon the clinical data in these ...
Rajs J - - 1976
An investigation was performed on 148 medicolegal autopsy cases with the purpose of obtaining experience with the hematoxylin basic fuchsin acid staining method for morphologic diagnosis of early myocardial ischemia. A comparative study was performed on rats with induced myocardial infarcts. The uptake of the basic fuchsin stain in myocardial ...
Suzuki S - - 1976
In an attempt to study the use and value in ventriculography of meglumine iocarmate (Dimer-X), previously accepted as a water soluble contrast medium safe for myelography, we have conducted animal experiments to compare Dimer-X with megulumine iothalamate (Conray 60) and meglumine diatrizoate (Angiografin). We also made clinical studies of Dimer-X. ...
Koga Y - - 1975
Experimental ileal atresia and stenosis were produced by a localized ligation of the mesenteric vessels in fetuses from 13 pregnant mongrel dogs having gestational ages of 45-55 days. The intestinal infarct in the fetus was characterized by an aseptic coagulation necrosis selectively limited to the mucosa and submucosa, and also ...
Harrison J D - - 1975
Ductal ligation of the sublingual gland induced mucocele formation in a high percentage of cats. Extravasated mucus was associated with all sublingual glands up to 20 days after ligation, and extravasation mucoceles were associated with 12 out of 27 sublingual glands between 7 and 365 days after ligation. Enzyme-histochemic examination ...
Opie L H - - 1975
The myocardial metabolism of free fatty acids, glucose and catecholamines is reviewed in relation to current trends in the therapy of experimental myocardial infarction. Major modifications in the metabolism of free fatty acids, glucose and catecholamines have already been found after acute myocardial infarction in man, and animal experimental data ...
Tredwell S J - - 1975
Roentgenographic evidence of avascular necrosis of the upper part of the dens was observed in thirteen of ninety-four patients treated for tuberculous kyphosis or non-tuberculous scoliosis using halo-pelvic distraction. Four patients had some residual loss of motion. A significant relationship was demonstrated between avascular necrosis and the amount of distraction ...
Harh J Y - - 1975
An experimental technique utilizing microfiber markers and radioautography was used to study the morphogenesis of the ventricular septum in the ckick embryo heart from stages 22 to 33 of Hamburger & Hamilton (1951). Fibers placed in the myocardium of the primitive ventricles of 4-day-old embryos within 250 mum to each ...
Shibata N - - 1975
In order to investigate the behavior of the energy-converting system in the myocardium, an experimental in vitro model was developed which consisted of contractile protein (myosin B) and mitochondria (Mit) prepared from canine cardiac muscle. In this system, ATP produced in Mit from added ADP caused the superprecipitation of the ...
Mathes P - - 1975
A marked, reversible decline in cardiac norepinephrine (NE) stores was noted after experimental myocardial infarction. Uptake and accumulation of tracer dose of dl-[7-14C]norepinephrine appeared to be unchanged as well as the rate of degradation. Despite marked variations in pool size the subcellular distribution appeared to be unchanged, and no preferential ...
Spitzer J J - - 1975
Myocardial substrate utilization was investigated following experimental coronary hypotension in isolated in vitro perfused dog hearts. Control observations were made at the beginning and at the end of the experiments with afterload of 100 mm Hg. Between the two controls, the afterload was lowered to 50 mm Hg and kept ...
Eichbaum F W - - 1975
Wavy myocardial fibers, especially when associated with focal edema, are a characteristic sign of acute myocardial ischemia. 'Waving' might be induced by the increased hydrostatic pressure of interstitial edema, which squeezes and stretches the neighboring fibers. Beside their regular occurrence in early myocardial infarcts, wavy myocardial fibers are also frequently ...
Parratt J R - - 1973
1. The predominant acute effect of E. coli endotoxin in anaesthetized, ventilated cats was pulmonary hypertension resulting from a 8-12 fold increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. This was followed by decreases in left ventricular (LV) and systemic arterial pressures and in LV dP/dt max. Recovery occurred within 2-4 min and ...
Das P K - - 1971
1. In cats anaesthetized with pentobarbitone, intravenous infusions of phentolamine ((10-50 mug/kg)/min for 5 min) increased heart rate, left ventricular dp/dt max (without increasing end-diastolic pressure), aortic dp/dt, cardiac output, myocardial blood flow and metabolic heat production.2. Phentolamine-induced increases in myocardial contractility occurred irrespective of the direction or magnitude of ...
HENG, M. K.
The effect of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusions was studied in 45 dogs after left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. GIK caused a modest increase in lactate concentration in small veins draining the infarct but did not affect glucose uptake. No effect on creatine kinase activity in the infarct was seen from ...
Goodpasture, Ernest W.
An experimental study upon the demonstrable effects of large doses of dried thyroid gland and thyroxin upon the myocardium of rabbits has been made. Animals under such treatment show characteristic clinical symptoms with definite, although relatively slight, myocardial lesions. Similarly treated animals which have, in addition, been subjected to chloroform ...
Jougasaki M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a potent hypertrophic factor discovered by coupling expression cloning in a mouse embryonic stem cell-based model of cardiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study was designed to investigate the potential activation of atrial and ventricular CT-1 expression in pacing-induced experimental congestive heart failure (CHF) and its ...
Ito T - - 1976
Abnormal electrocardiographic changes were found in some patients on long-term glucocorticoid treatment. In experimental animals, chronic glucocorticoid administration resulted in an increase of amplitude of the QRS complex and abnormal ST and T changes. Changes of action potential were somewhat different in the subendocardial and the subepicardial layers. Diffuse mitochondrial ...
- - 1988
This report discusses experimental and clinical applications of positron emission tomography to the heart, including measurements of blood flow to the myocardium and studies of metabolism and experimental injury. Most initial clinical studies have concentrated on ischemic heart disease, but the technique also has potential for investigation of cardiomyopathies, studying ...
Tanimoto T - - 1976
Experimental charcoal embolism of the pulmonary artery was produced in dogs. Changes in hemodynamics, electrophysiology, and cardiac energy liberation were observed. The effects of histaminic and antihistaminic drugs on these changes were also studied. After two infusions of charcoal suspension, acute right ventricular overloading was recognized hemodynamically and electrophysiologically. Mitochondria ...
MELVILLE K I - - 1964
Various cardiovascular effects of a new synthetic coronary vasodilator, alpha-isopropyl-alpha [(N-methyl - N - homoveratryl)-gamma-amino-propyl]-3, 4-dimethoxyphenylacetonitrile HCI (D365, Iproveratril or Isoptin) have been studied. In isolated perfused rabbit hearts the drug exerts a potent coronary vasodilator action, but can depress myocardial contractions and A-V conduction. In anesthetized cats it produces ...
MELVILLE K I - - 1961
Synthetic oxytocin (Syntocinon) can be shown to reduce or abolish ST-T changes induced experimentally by hypoxaemia alone, by hypoxaemia and ergometrine, by vasopressin, and by a new procedure involving injection of small doses of picrotoxin into the lateral cerebral ventricle. Ventricular fibrillation induced by picrotoxin can also be reversed by ...
WILGRAM G F - - 1959
Marked obesity was induced in rats by feeding a high fat, egg yolk-rich diet. The obese rats were hyperlipemic and showed an increased incidence of lipomatous coronary lesions, but did not develop severe atheromatous lesions. Spontaneous vascular lesions of several kinds have been observed in aging rats. Among them, plaques ...
KELLNER A - - 1954
Focal myocardial necrosis that was often extensive was found in a high percentage of rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice given a single intravenous injection of crystalline streptococcal proteinase. The findings are discussed in relation to their possible implications for the pathogenesis of the cardiac lesions of rheumatic fever.
Goodpasture E W - - 1921
An experimental study upon the demonstrable effects of large doses of dried thyroid gland and thyroxin upon the myocardium of rabbits has been made. Animals under such treatment show characteristic clinical symptoms with definite, although relatively slight, myocardial lesions. Similarly treated animals which have, in addition, been subjected to chloroform ...
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