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Results 301 - 350 of 379
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Uherík A - - 1982
The hypothesis on the relationship between biofeedback and the psychophysiological regulatory properties of Ss was tested experimentally. The Ss were 17 adult males after myocardial infarction, 13 patients with bronchial asthma and 18 healthy adults. Biofeedback was followed through a continuous bioelectrical skin reactivity (BSR) recording as an indicator of ...
Samuel J L - - 1981
Histoenzymological techniques were used to examine ATPase activity in rat heart muscle fibres after experimental infarction. 25 hours after coronary ligation, ATPase activity in all ventricular section fibres was high, homogeneous at pH 9.4, sections. 48 hours after ligation, necrotic ventricular fibres appeared, leaving only a thin layer of fibres ...
Hugod C - - 1981
Rabbits were continuously exposed to 200 ppm carbon monoxide. Using the same criteria as applied by earlier investigators for morphological myocardial damage, no histotoxic effect on myocardial morphology could be demonstrated when electron-microscopic investigations were performed blindly. Similarly, exposure to 0.5 ppm hydrogen cyanide, 0.5 ppm hydrogen cyanide + 200 ...
Polson H - - 1981
Results of our experimental studies have demonstrated that, during the evolution of mesenteric infarction, lysosomal membrane instability occurs with the release of beta-N acetylhexosaminidase into the portal and systemic circulation. Preliminary clinical results suggest an elevation of the Hex B fraction in mesenteric infarction. Measurements of total and various fractions ...
Unger T - - 1981
Listeners who had demonstrated right-ear dichotic listening preference in the first of four listening sessions were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group. Both groups participated in three more dichotic listening sessions. For sessions 2 and 3, left-ear responses were reinforced for the experimental group listeners. There was a ...
Katzeff I E - - 1981
This paper experimentally evaluates the "imaginary cardiac vector" hypothesis, that the cardiac vector is not a real vector. We have previously shown on theoretical grounds that the basis of the cardiac vector is invalid in that Einthoven used scalar, not vector, procedures. Attempts by subsequent workers to compensate for the ...
Raku┼Łan K - - 1981
Quantitative evaluation of the myocardial left ventricular capillarity was performed in three groups of guinea pigs: a) animals native to high altitude collected in Andean mountains, b) animals born at sea level and subjected to a stimulated high altitude postnatally, c) animals born and kept at sea level. The number ...
Carle B N - - 1981
A method is described for demonstrating myocardial necrosis by changes in the autofluorescence of routine hematoxylin and eosin or hematoxylin and eosin-phloxine stained sections using a standard microscope with an epifluorescence attachment. Regions of necrosis fluoresce with a brilliant yellow color clearly distinguishable from the dull olive-green to red-brown fluorescence ...
Seybold V - - 1981
The indirect immunofluorescence technique was used to examine the pharmacology associated with reserpine-induced alterations in vasopressin and neurophysin (VP/NP) immunoreactivity in the external layer of the median eminence in the rat. Twenty-four hours after injection of reserpine, a selective, marked depletion of VP/NP immunoreactivity from the external layer is apparent. ...
Parry G J - - 1981
Despite the clinical importance of ischemia in the pathogenesis of many human neuropathies, little is known about the effect of circulatory compromise on the structure of peripheral nerves. This results in part from the lack of an entirely satisfactory model in which to study ischemic neuropathy. We therefore injected arachidonic ...
Leprán I - - 1981
Four non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfinpyrazone, acetylsalicylic acid, sodium salicylate and indomethacin were tested in the acute phase of experimental myocardial infarction in conscious rats. A single oral dose was administered, then 1 h later the occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery was made by using a previously implanted ...
Lau V K - - 1981
Cardiac trauma can be experimentally produced by blunt impulsive impact over the cardiac apex in the anesthetized canine. A gradation of myocardial injury, including transient arrhythmia, contusion, and lethal ventricular fibrillation, can be produced by varying the power of the charge in a modified captive bolt pistol. Ballistics experiments were ...
Vizda J - - 1981
A survey is presented of research results of pyrophosphate myocardial scanning in 130 dogs and 150 patients with various myocardial lesions. The results of experiments in animals were immediately applied in clinical practice. The results showed that acute transmural myocardial lesions yielded practically in all instances positive scintigraphic findings. The ...
Willerson J T - - 1980
Alterations in cell and subcellular membrane integrity occur during evolving ischemic myocardial injury. We tested the hypothesis that an antibody against human liver mitochondria [anti-mitochondrial antibody developing in a patient with primary biliary cirrhosis] could identify altered cell membrane integrity in experimental canine myocardial infarcts. The proximal left anterior descending ...
Laky D - - 1980
The dynamics of morphologic and biochemical lesions of the myocardial fiber during the first ten days after an experimental myocardial infarction showed an unequal evolution of the lesional picture in the ischaemic area, the intervention of lysosomal hydrolases and the reactions of inflammatory fibrocollagen substitution. Morphologic aspects in the areas ...
Abe T - - 1980
The most important and effective factor for myocardial protection during cardiac operation is to keep the myocardium at as low a temperature as possible. The ideal temperature is around 15 degrees C. A thumbtack type of needle thermistor has been developed and used clinically and experimentally during myocardial protection. This ...
Czarnecki C M - - 1980
Furazolidone (FZ) at 700 ppm was added to feed mixtures fed turkey poults two weeks posthatching to induce experimental cardiomyopathy. Poults in the control pen received the same ration but without FZ. From ECG data obtained at weekly intervals, poults were selected for sacrifice at 3, 4, and 5 weeks ...
Adams S B - - 1980
Cytologic examination of serial peritoneal fluid samples of nine experimental ponies was performed during a 72 hour period following laparotomy. Six of the ponies had jejunal infarction induced by occlusion of the corresponding vasculature. Cytologic examination was also performed on the peritoneal fluid of a series of horses with naturally ...
Reimer K A - - 1980
Because patient prognosis is related in part to infarct size, therapies that could limit infarct size should be beneficial. The development of such therapies has been hampered by the lack of proven techniques to measure infarct size or to assess the effect of therapy in living patients. In addition, the ...
Reeves W C - - 1980
The ability of dexamethasone (DEX) to reduce the severity of the late stage of radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) was assessed in 25 New Zealand white rabbits. Ten rabbits served as unirradiated controls (CONT). In Group A, seven rabbits received intravenous DEX prior to irradiation and every 24 hours for three ...
Zanon P L - - 1980
The ventricular myocardium of CD1 mice given a single high dose (LD50) of daunorubicin (DNR) or its derivative, 4-demethoxydaunorubicin (4DD), was studied under the electron microscope. Severe degenerative alterations were observed, but only in the mitochondria in myocardial tissue samples taken 3 and 7 days after treatment. This suggests that ...
Helmius G - - 1980
An experimental method for induction of myocardial infarction in sheep is described. This leads to local infarction without arteriographically demonstrable lesions in the coronary arteries. A 0.95 mm thick thermosonde is introduced into a coronary artery through a catheter. The tip of the thermosonde is heated to 45-65 degrees C ...
Houck J C - - 1979
Both crude and highly purified testicular hyaluronidase preparations have been shown to contain a component which increases the permeability of the microcirculation in rat skin. This permeability activity had an isoelectric point of 7.4 while hyaluronidase was 9.4. It also could be separated from hyaluronidase by acrylamide gel electrophoresis. The ...
Dewanjee M K - - 1979
The pharmacodynamics of several tin compounds were studied in healthy rabbits, rabbits with myocardial infarcts, and isolated myocardial tissue. The results showed that tin chelates of pyrophosphate, HEDP, DTPA, and glucoheptonate are very unstable in vivo, giving rise to free stannous ions. These ions localize mainly in bone, with the ...
Derias N W - - 1979
Wavy myocardial fibres were found in about half each of a series of 28 normal and 31 infarcted human hearts, as well as in the normal heart of an infant. Such fibres were also seen in rather more than half of a series of normal rat hearts. Thus, the wavy ...
Maggs P R - - 1979
The understanding of left ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock after myocardial infarction has been facilitated by a two-component model proposed by Swan et al. which views the left ventricle as consisting of a clearly defined infarcted portion and a normally functioning remainder. Although appealing, this model is difficult to substantiate ...
Dor X - - 1979
An experimental study on the heart of the chick embryo demonstrates that the atrio-ventricular canal does not migrate towards the right, but that it is the inter-ampullar ring which almost completely migrates to the left. Consequently: 1. absence of migration of the interampullar ring will be responsible for the development ...
Anderson K R - - 1979
Experimental cardiac infarction produced in dogs by coronary artery ligation has been used to investigate the value of macroscopic histochemical enzyme loss in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction at post-mortem. Creative phosphokinase and non-specific dehydrogenase methods gave the best results but became positive only 5-6 hr after infarction. It is ...
Thompson P L - - 1979
Limitation of myocardial injury after coronary occlusion is an exciting, recently recognised, but as yet unconfirmed, possibility in the treatment of myocardial infarction. Review of the experimental basis for the concept indicates that although manipulation of the ST segment of the electrocardiogram is not sufficient proof that myocardial necrosis can ...
Barts M P - - 1979
In 59 sexually mature male chinchilla rabbits, and in control sham-operated animals, there were compared the indicators characterizing the functional state of the heart and the levels of catecholamines and of SH groups in experimental myocardial infarction induced by ligating the descending branch of the left coronary artery. Phasic shifts ...
Eldevik O P - - 1978
The effect of hydration on the incidence of complications from myelography with aqueous media was studied. Myelography was performed with methylglucamine iocarmate in dehydrated and vigorously hydrated monkeys. The incidence of seizures and the severity of arachnoiditis were significantly greater in the dehydrated animals. The authors suggest that patients be ...
Heng M K - - 1978
The effect of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusions was studied in 45 dogs after left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. GIK caused a modest increase in lactate concentration in small veins draining the infarct but did not affect glucose uptake. No effect on creatine kinase activity in the infarct was seen from ...
Higgins C B - - 1978
The concentration of iodine within infarcted and normal myocardium after intravenous administration of contrast material was determined by fluorescence excitation analysis in seven dogs at 48 hours after coronary arterial ligation. The iodine concentration of infarcted myocardial tissue was several times greater than normal myocardium after administration of meglumine/sodium diatrizoate, ...
Laky D - - 1978
The biology of the myocardial fiber was studied under experimental conditions similar to angina and the premonitory syndrome of myocardial infarction. The morphophysiologic data obtained particularly concerning the mitochondria demonstrated that affection of the myocardium by progressive ischaemia induced less severe lesions than the abrupt onset of ischaemia, also lowering ...
Bickford A A - - 1978
Gross and histopathologic lesions were studied in 10 Broad-Breasted White turkeys with acute erysipelas induced experimentally. The gross pathologic features of the disease conformed very closely with descriptions in the literature (7). Histopathologic evaluation was concentrated on the inoculation site (skin), proventriculus, ileocecal area of the intestine, liver, spleen, kidney, ...
Nelson C V - - 1978
Vector dipole moments were measured on young pigs before and one week after ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Vectors were obtained for the three peaks of vector spatial magnitude, M. Preoperative, postoperative, and difference vectors were measured for each peak. If excitation is normal except through the ...
Hacker H - - 1978
Objective digital determination of CSF spaces is discussed, with ventricular and subarachnoid spaces handled separately. This method avoids the difficulty of visual definition of ventricular borders in planimetric measurements. The principle is to count automatically all pixels corresponding to CSF in a given region with a Hounsfield unit and to ...
Levi R - - 1978
To investigate the involvement of the heart in acute allergic reactions in a system immunologically analogous to that of humans, a model of cardiac anaphylaxis mediated by IgE antibodies was developed in the guinea pig. Hearts obtained from guinea pigs, passively sensitized with homologous antidinitrophenyl IgE antibodies, were perfused and ...
Asada M - - 1978
Of 53 patients with periventricular lucency, 70% revealed obstructive hydrocephalus, mainly due to infratentorial tumors, and the remainder were cases of communicating hydrocephalus, usually secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage. Of the patients with PVL, 95% had hypertensive hydrocephalus and 60% showed slightly dilated ventricles. Computer analysis was helpful in displaying PVL ...
Narahara K A - - 1977
The true myocardial and background components of a resting thallium-201 myocardial image were determined in an experimental dog model. True background was determined by imaging after the heart had been removed and replaced with a water-filled balloon of equal size and shape. In all studies, the background estimated from the ...
Lewis M - - 1977
A method for noninvasive sizing of myocardial infarction, in which data from technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate scintigrams and a three-dimensional model were used, was tested on experimental, acute anterior infarcts in dogs. The results indicate that the method does size experimental anterior infarcts accurately, but further testing will be necessary to ...
Sugiyama S - - 1977
This investigation was designed to diagnose high posterior infarction easily through the use of body surface isopotential maps. High posterior infarction was experimentally caused by ligation of the branch of the circumflex artery of the canine left coronary artery. Each dog had a series of maps recorded before and four ...
Gonzalez A C - - 1977
Myocardial contusions of variable severity were experimentally produced by an air-driven piston or serrated clamp in 29 dogs. Two 99mTc-labeled bone-seeking agents (99mTc pyrophosphate and 99mTc tetracycline) were used with cardiac scintigraphy to determine the sensitivity of these agents in detecting different degrees of myocardial damage. Results showed that 99mTc ...
Brachtel R - - 1977
The pathogenesis of local skin necroses after intramuscular injection of various drugs such as phenylbutazone (Embolia cutis medicamentosa, Nicolau's syndrome) is not clear. In an attempt to simulate this clinical feature experiments were performed on the rabbit ear lobe. A 20% phenylbutazone solution was injected paraarterial, intraarterial and paraarterial after ...
Eliot R S - - 1977
The effects of 20th-century stress on the cardiovascular system are reviewed and correlated with experimental animal models. A classic example of such stress is drawn from a study of the aerospace workers at Cape Kennedy who were shown to be exposed to excessive occupational stress. Surprisingly, the usual risk factors ...
Armiger L C - - 1977
A series of experimental infarcts of the posterior papillary muscle of the canine heart was used to assess the value of 6 special stains in the histological detection of early myocardial infarction. The infarcts were of 5-720 min duration and were compared not only with normal control myocardium but also ...
Odom J V - - 1977
A 2 X 2 experimental design utilized two levels of verbally reported snake fearfulness (high-low) and two levels of experimental demand (high-low) with 16 college student subjects during a behavioral avoidance test. Subjects given high-demand instructions for heart-rate increase increased their heart rate more than subjects given low-demand instructions. Results ...
Klinar B - - 1977
A comparison between the one-step and the two step copper thiocholine procedure for the subcellular localization of cholinesterases was undertaken. The results indicate that only under experimental conditions with short incubation times and precise control of the conversion into sulphide is the localization of the primary precipitate and that of ...
Polcyn R E - - 1977
The role of short-lived gaseous radiotracers in myocardial function studies is reviewed. The evaluation of shunts and ejection fractions characterizing individual chambers is best performed with tracers restricted to those chambers. Classic examples include the C15 O2 inhalation radiocardiogram for probing the left-heart performance, with the right heart illuminated by ...
Rose A G - - 1976
Light microscopical criteria of early experimental myocardial infarction were compared with biochemical changes in glycogen content and the tissue K+/Na+ ratio in 19 mongrel dogs. Five sham-operated dogs served as controls, and seven of the 14 dogs with experimentally induced infarcts received infusions of glucose, insulin, and potassium (GIK). Infarcts ...
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