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Results 251 - 300 of 379
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Khaw B A - - 1990
Monoclonal antimyosin Fab (AM-Fab) was radiolabeled with 111In via a new bifunctional chelating agent, isothiocyanatobenzyl-DTPA (SCN-DTPA), and used to visualize acute reperfused experimental myocardial infarction. Antibody localization was compared to 201Tl (0.6 mCi) distribution in nine animals. Each animal was injected intravenously with 0.5 mCi of 111In-SCN-DTPA AM-Fab preparations (Prep ...
Reeves W C - - 1990
An experimental animal model was utilized to evaluate the role of simultaneous two-dimensional echocardiography combined with a modified electrocardiographic monitoring technique for improving the safety of pericardiocentesis. This technique avoids the hazards of placing the sharp pericardiocentesis needle against the heart in order to determine its location against the epicardial ...
Biver P - - 1990
Endogenous factors with biological and immunological activity similar to cardiac glycoside drugs (endogenous digitalis-like factors; EDLF) have been found in several tissues and body fluids of animals and humans. Detectable EDLF concentrations were found in blood and urine extracts of adults (normal healthy controls, hypertensive patients and salt-loaded healthy subjects), ...
Kadish A - - 1989
The maximum amplitude of vector loops formed by summing orthogonally recorded bipolar electrograms has been shown to reflect the direction of activation in cardiac muscle. To investigate whether components of vector loops could provide information about different activation directions in local areas of myocardium, we correlated "instantaneous vectors" with isochronal ...
Duska F - - 1988
99mTc-aminohexylidendiphosphonate (99mTc-AHDP) is a new Czechoslovak pharmaceutical of the phosphonate line which contains the amino group NH2 in its molecule. This substance was tested in 5 dogs with experimentally provoked 48-h old myocardial infarction. The in-vivo scan and the radioactivity of tissue samples demonstrated that 99mTc-AHDP is as suitable for ...
Tinker J H - - 1988
I have tried to summarize experimental work in human and animal models. This work is complex and difficult to interpret. Clinicians should not take isolated experimental studies and jump to conclusions about clinical use of anaesthetics. Experimenters should not arrive at sweeping conclusions based on a particular experimental study performed ...
Tinker J H - - 1988
I have tried to summarize experimental work in human and animal models. This work is complex and difficult to interpret. Clinicians should not take isolated experimental studies and jump to conclusions about clinical use of anaesthetics. Experimenters should not arrive at sweeping conclusions based on a particular experimental study performed ...
BÅ‚och P - - 1988
Ultrastereologic studies were performed on myocardial mitochondria in experimental hypothyroidism induced by the excision of the thyroid gland. Studies were carried out using accepted methods in stereology according to Weibel et al. Mitochondrial membrane surface areas and relative volumes of individual membranes and compartments were calculated by means of Weibel's ...
Natelson B H - - 1987
Evidence exists for the presence of a neuro-anatomy that can produce cardiac vasospasm. Recent experimental and clinical data suggest that this neuro-anatomic mechanism can be activated by behavioral events in the psycho-social surround of the patient with coronary artery disease. I hypothesize that this mechanism can produce myocardial ischemia and ...
Jensen J A - - 1987
The standard coronary ligation model for experimental myocardial infarction results in variable areas and patterns of necrosis; therefore, the healing of such infarctions is also variable. The authors developed an experimental myocardial injury model using simple cryoinjury, which allows standardization of the size, depth, and location of the wound. Thirty-eight ...
Boor P J - - 1987
The chemistry, industrial usage, general toxicity, and experimental use of allylamine are briefly reviewed. This highly reactive unsaturated alkylamine has had industrial applications in a variety of organic processes, and continues to be utilized, although accurate data concerning production is not readily available. The general toxic effects of the freebase ...
Schulzke J D - - 1987
Self-filling blind loops of rat jejunum exhibit hyperregenerative transformation of the mucosa. We used this experimental model to characterise mechanisms, which may occur under similar conditions in man (stagnant loop syndrome). Epithelial and subepithelial resistance were measured in the Ussing-chamber by voltage divider ratio measurements after positioning a microelectrode between ...
Janetschek G - - 1987
Experimental testicular torsion must be used for certain studies of clinical relevance, but most experimental models either do not provide hemodynamic alteration comparable to the clinical situation or cannot guarantee reproducibility. Using a rat model arterial perfusion and hemorrhagic infarction were correlated to the degree of both intra- and extravaginal ...
Vrána M - - 1987
1. Benzodiazepines and strong analgesics raise considerably the ventricular fibrillation threshold and thus electrically stabilize the heart in the early stage of myocardial ischaemia. 2. Benzodiazepines markedly potentiate the electrostabilizing effect of the beta-blocker metipranolol. 3. Trimecaine per se does not electrically stabilize the heart in the first hour of ...
Friedman M - - 1986
One thousand thirteen post myocardial infarction patients were observed for 4.5 years to determine whether their type A (coronary-prone) behavior could be altered and the effect such alteration might have on the subsequent cardiac morbidity and mortality rates of these individuals. Eight hundred sixty-two of these individuals were randomly assigned ...
Allwork S P - - 1986
To evaluate the histological phenomenon of fluorescence of necrotic myocardium in ultraviolet light a prospective study of fatal myocardial infarction with accurate clinical and biochemical correlation was made. To test the morphological characteristics and specificity of the technique experimental infarctions were induced surgically in sheep and pigs and acute ischaemia ...
Friedli H P - - 1986
The effect of pindolol on experimental myocardial infarction was studied in a pig model. Intravenous application of 0.05 mg pindolol per kg body weight was initiated one hour after coronary ligation and repeated at 12-hour intervals for five days. No significant difference in infarct size could be found between pindolol-treated ...
Rakusan K - - 1986
The key to understanding the mechanics of capillary proliferation probably lies in comprehension of the normal capillary growth during the early postnatal period when most of the terminal vessels in mammalian hearts are being formed. Similarly, stimulated cardiac growth is accompanied mainly, but not exclusively, by capillary proliferation if it ...
Naggan L - - 1986
Epidemiologic methods provide a basis for evaluating new medical technologies of varying complexity and sophistication. Use is made of the concepts of efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency, and cost-effectiveness. The available methods, observational and experimental, are reviewed in the context of evaluation of the intensive coronary care unit (ICCU). Most early ...
Marchetti G - - 1986
The activity of ibopamine (SB-7505), the 3,4-diisobutyryl ester of N-methyldopamine, on myocardial contractility and systemic and renal hemodynamics was investigated in the anesthetized dog with experimental infarction, instrumented with catheters and electromagnetic flowmeters. Ibopamine, given by the intraduodenal route at a dose of 24 mg/kg, was effective in improving the ...
Banitt E H - - 1986
The antiarrhythmic agent flecainide acetate was resolved by fractional crystallization of its diastereomeric alpha-bromocamphor-pi-sulfonate salts. Optical purity of the two enantiomers was shown to be greater than 99% by an NMR technique using the chiral shift reagent Eu(hfbc)3. Antiarrhythmic effects of flecainide and its enantiomers were assessed in two different ...
Markiewicz W - - 1986
We compared the action of alfentanil on experimental myocardial infarction size with two widely used anesthetic drugs: fentanyl and halothane. Myocardial infarction size, measured by histological techniques, was identical for the three drugs investigated. Our results demonstrate that the action of alfentanil on factors governing myocardial oxygen supply and demand ...
Berti F - - 1986
Defibrotide is a polydeoxyribonucleotide of mammalian origin which possesses profibrinolytic effect and PGI2-releasing capacity. Because of these properties, defibrotide has antithrombotic effects which are demonstrated in various experimental models of venous and arterial thrombosis. The present study indicates that defibrotide clearly protects against myocardial damage in the rabbit 3 days ...
Dor X - - 1985
It seems difficult to escape the conclusion that conotruncal migration and torsions do occur: The amplitude, direction and timing of these movements can be accurately tracked and they can be experimentally arrested. The movements have a significant function: Associated with the partitionings, they regulate the outlet ventricular distribution at two ...
Opie L H - - 1985
Calcium antagonists are an important new modality in cardiovascular therapy. Tiapamil, a congener of verapamil, is undergoing clinical and laboratory evaluation. We have undertaken experimental studies on the anti-arrhythmic properties of tiapamil, and on the intravenous use of this agent in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Reasons are given for ...
Smith H J - - 1985
Experimental models of heart failure can be used to address specific questions not easily answered in patients, but no single model can reproduce exactly any of the clinical syndromes of heart failure since these are dominated by fatigue and breathlessness. Heart failure may be induced experimentally by pressure loading, volume ...
Löffelholz K - - 1985
This review has directed attention to the anatomical, biochemical, physiological, and pharmacological features of cardiac parasympathetic neuroeffector transmission. The relationships among these properties have permitted a synthesis of the operation of the parasympathetic nervous system at the subcellular, cellular, tissue, and organ level in the heart. However, the attempt to ...
Natelson B H - - 1985
This review focuses on the relations between neural structures and the heart in the pathogenesis of severe cardiac dysfunction (namely, cardiac arrhythmias, focal cardiac lesions, and the sudden death syndrome). After establishing the anatomic connections between the brain and the heart and then reviewing ways to assess the integrity of ...
David H - - 1985
Myocardial ischaemia in the dog lasting for three hours is followed by swellings of the mitochondria and dilatation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The volume density (Vv) of mitochondria in the peripheral ischaemia zone is 0.2890, that of sarcoplasmic reticulum is 0.0101. Prostacyclin was administered either i.v. or by triggering in ...
Laorden M L - - 1985
The effect of the new beta-agonist drug tulobuterol, has been compared with isoproterenol in an experimental model of ectopic cardiac automaticity induced by local injury in the isolated right ventricle of the rat. Isoproterenol significantly increases ventricular automaticity even with the lowest concentrations tested (10(-9)M). Tulobuterol, at concentrations ranging from ...
Laky D - - 1984
The present study concerns the morphological and biochemical lesional picture of the myocardium in cases of acute heart failure induced by various experimental models: ligature of the coronary artery, direct electric stimulation of the heart by catheterism, lethal hemorrhage, pneumothorax, beta-adrenergic shock. Worthy of note was the similitude of the ...
Kozlovskis P L - - 1984
Densitometric scanning of SDS-polyacrylamide gels was used to measure myosin heavy chain concentration in left ventricular specimens obtained from cat hearts 3 to 12 months after healing of small experimental myocardial infarctions. The study was designed to test the hypothesis that myosin concentration varies as a function of anatomic proximity ...
de Leiris J - - 1984
The aim of this paper is to consider the advantages of using isolated heart preparations in studies designed to investigate the effect of hypoxia or ischaemia on myocardial cells. After a brief description of the two most frequently used experimental models of perfused hearts, namely the Langendorff preparation and the ...
Khaw B A - - 1984
Monoclonal antibody R11D10 to human cardiac myosin, which also cross-reacted with canine cardiac myosin, was used to demonstrate in vivo localization and visualization by gamma scintigraphy of experimental myocardial infarction. R11D10 Fab with a Ka of 5 X 10(8) M-1 was labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc) by the dithionite reduction method ...
García-Peláez I - - 1984
The role of the superior atrioventricular cushion in the normal development of the left ventricular infundibulum was experimentally studied in the chick embryo. 178 embryos at stages 19-24 of Hamburger and Hamilton were selectively labeled using gelatin-india ink; afterward embryos were reincubated until the mature heart stage, in which the ...
Cotoi S - - 1984
Experimental ventricular preexcitation type WPW was performed in five dogs, through an artificial bypass, an electric conductor, made of copper, with a diameter of 8 mm and 12 cm in length. Whenever the conductor was put in contact with both the atrial and the ventricular wall, a WPW electrocardiogram pattern ...
Hood W B WB - - 1983
Much of our knowledge about the effects of coronary occlusion and reperfusion is derived from studies in experimental animals. The recent discovery that coronary thrombosis is usually present in clinical myocardial infarction and that thrombolysis represents an approach to therapy presents opportunities for further experimental work. Animal models are particularly ...
Jacob H S - - 1983
C5A is capable of causing granulocyte/granulocyte interactions that lead to clumping, vasoocclusion, and the extension of infarctive damage in patients with coronary artery disease. Employing a new rheologic procedure, laser transillumination of thin vascular beds, one directly observes in vivo granulocyte aggregation in the mesentery of the rat. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 1983
The sequence of fetal heart rate (FHR) changes recorded in a case of acute fetal haemorrhage is reported. Initial bradycardia progressed through an undulatory phase to tachycardia. Analysis of these patterns in the context of experimental data on intrinsic heart rate control suggests that the FHR was limited by availability ...
Chien K R - - 1983
Ligation of the circumflex artery of anaesthetised, open-chest rabbits caused a progressive increase in nonsedimentable cathepsin D activity in severely ischaemic myocardium and an anatomical redistribution of the enzyme from lysosomes into the cytosol, along with progressive ultrastructural signs of cellular damage and necrosis. Chlorpromazine pretreatment (15 mg X kg-1 ...
Thomas A C - - 1983
The practical value of measuring the ratio of potassium ion (K+) to sodium ion (Na+) in myocardium as an indicator of early inapparent infarction in sudden cardiac death was assessed using a series of 29 human hearts from selected coroner's autopsies together with experimental material from dogs, including infarcts of ...
Al-Rufaie H K - - 1983
A retrospective study has been carried out on the necropsy material from 30 patients who have died after a clinically diagnosed myocardial infarction. This study has been undertaken to compare the reliability of the fluorescence of infarcted myocardium when stained by haematoxylin and eosin and an adjacent section stained by ...
Zatz L M - - 1983
The planimetric measurement of the area of the ventricles on a computed tomographic section is a convenient and useful method of assessing ventricular size when more sophisticated techniques are not available. It is commonly reported as a planimetric ventricular-brain ratio or VBR. Ventricular size is related to cranial size in ...
O'Connor W N - - 1983
Experimental myocardial infarction of the posterolateral left ventricular wall in 2 dog hearts, the result of 1 h of occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery followed by 4 days of reperfusion, was studied post mortem by serial histological sectioning. Microscopic examination in a transverse plane showed a zone of ...
Hearse D J - - 1983
At the present time our experimental findings plus the weight of other experimental evidence suggest that there is unlikely to be a quantitatively significant border zone in the lateral plane. The transition from normal to ischemic tissue is likely to be accomplished over a distance of 1.0 mm or less ...
Meerson F Z - - 1982
A working hypothesis on pathogenesis of ischemic heart damage has been proposed. According to this hypothesis, a crucial role in conversion of reversible damage into irreversible damage is played by cardiomyocyte membrane destruction caused by the so-called "lipid triad". The latter comprises activation of lipid peroxidation, activation of phospholipases, and ...
Antalóczy Z - - 1982
Under experimental conditions, potassium canrenoate causes a significant increase in [3H]norepinephrine (NE) uptake by the heart, although the NE content remains unchanged. The increased NE uptake and unchanged NE content indicate an augmented NE turnover caused by the drug. In saluretic-pretreated animals, the intracellular hypopotassemia can be restored by Aldactone. ...
Milei J - - 1982
The normal electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern was determined for Cebus monkeys and compared with those obtained in animals subjected to experimental heart damage. ECG patterns were related to the anatomopathological findings in both normal and treated animals. The anatomic study revealed a vertical heart in which both ventricles constituted the frontal ...
Faarup P - - 1982
Infarcts of the rabbit kidney were experimentally induced in 22 animals by selective left renal arteriography using the genuine foreign bodies present in the contrast media and catheters as damaging agents. Three days later the infarcts were macroscopically located and measured at laparotomy. Three weeks later the infarcts were macroscopically ...
Tanaka T - - 1982
The influence of differential washout on the redistribution phenomenon of thallium 201 chloride deposited in ischemic myocardium was investigated. Two groups of dogs had serial scintigraphic images and tissue counting performed. The first group had ischemia produced prior to the injection of the thallium and, following the control image after ...
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