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Jiang Lei L Department of Emergency Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, - - 2011
Although modern cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) substantially decreases the mortality induced by cardiac arrest, cardiac arrest still accounts for over 50% of deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases. In this article, we address the current use of mechanical devices during CPR, and also compare the CPR quality between manual and mechanical chest ...
Vadakkumpadan Fijoy F Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. - - 2011
Patient-specific simulation of heart (dys)function aimed at personalizing cardiac therapy are hampered by the absence of in vivo imaging technology for clinically acquiring myocardial fiber orientations. In this research, we develop a methodology to predict ventricular fiber orientations of a patient heart, given the geometry of the heart and an ...
Na Jin Oh - - 2011
Although atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is frequently combined with patent foramen ovale and associated with cryptogenic stroke (CS), a pathophysiologic correlation between CS and ASA alone has not been fully elucidated. The aims of this study were to assess transport functions of the left atrium (LA) and left atrial appendage ...
Kren Leos - - 2010
The goal of this pilot study was to create an experimental model of myocardial infarction (for subsequent evaluation of the effectiveness of an alternative way of stem cell application - intracoronary cell infusion in the management of acute myocardial infarction). Four experimental animals, female pigs weighing between 30 and 40 ...
Klein L J - - 2010
Insulin infusion has been advocated in the treatment of myocardial ischaemia and myocardial infarction. There is evidence from experimental animal studies for a protective effect of high-dose insulin administration in myocardial ischaemia and myocardial infarction. In some relatively small study populations a reduction in mortality was reported in those patients ...
Korpacheva O V - - 2009
The proposed experimental model reproduces the mechanism of isolated contusion of the heart resultant from the chest stroke against the steering wheel prop in a car accident. The conditions of experiment rule out the additional pathogenetic factors occurring in clinical practice (extracardiac injuries, alcohol intoxication, blood loss, pain, etc.) and ...
López Martín A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The applications of endoscopic ultrasonography have diversified over recent years. The possibility of reaching cardiac territory has been successfully explored in experimental models, opening up a new field of possibilities for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions that were unthinkable until very recently. The aims set out in this study are ...
Kiser Andy C - - 2009
Paracardioscopy provides totally endoscopic access to the heart via a transabdominal, transdiaphragmatic approach. Structures such as the pulmonary veins, inferior vena cava, left and right atrial appendage, and posterior left atrium can be visualized. Epicardial cardiac procedures, such as ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation, can be successfully performed using this ...
Dejongste Mike J L - - 2009
The study of mechanisms of action underlying the use of electrical neuromodulation for angina and myocardial ischemia may illuminate heart-brain interactions that influence these conditions. To investigate these mechanisms of action, we initiated a neurocardiology program in the 1990s. This review discusses the experimental models we have studied to unravel ...
Bisson Isabelle-Anne - - 2009
Anthropogenic or natural disturbances can have a significant impact on wild animals. Therefore, understanding when, how and what type of human and natural events disturb animals is a central problem in wildlife conservation. However, it can be difficult to identify which particular environmental stressor affects an individual most. We use ...
van den Berg Gert - - 2009
Recent research, enabled by powerful molecular techniques, has revolutionized our concepts of cardiac development. It was firmly established that the early heart tube gives rise to the left ventricle only, and that the remainder of the myocardium is recruited from surrounding mesoderm during subsequent development. Also, the cardiac chambers were ...
Kroll Mark W MW Univ. of Minnesota, MN, - - 2009
The TASER(R) CEW (Conducted Electrical Weapon) is rapidly replacing the club in the English-speaking world for assisting in the arrest of resistant subjects and is now used by the majority of law enforcement agencies in the USA, Canada, and the UK. Animal safety studies of the CEW have focused on ...
Graydon Jennifer A - - 2008
Although a positive relationship between atmospheric loadings of inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) to watersheds and concentrations of methyl mercury (MeHg) in fish has now been established, net wet and dry deposition of Hg(II) and MeHg to watersheds remains challenging to quantify. In this study, concentrations and loadings of total mercury (THg; ...
Huggins Catherine E - - 2008
The isolated Langendorff-mode perfused heart has become a valuable experimental model, used extensively to examine cardiac function, pathophysiology and pharmacology. For the clinical cardiologist an ECG is often a simple practicality, however in experimental circumstances, particularly with ex vivo murine hearts it is not always possible to obtain an ECG ...
Nanka Ondrej - - 2008
Freshly isolated quail embryonic heart at Hamburger-Hamilton stage 28, stained with voltage sensitive dye and optically mapped to reveal ventricular activation pattern (indicated by color isochrones in 1 ms intervals). The activation wave sweeps from left to right in the direction of the arrow. Maturation of ventricular activation patterns is ...
Dharmakumar Rohan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the dependence of steady-state free-precession (SSFP) -based myocardial blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast on field strength using theoretical and experimental models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Numerical simulations using a two-pool exchange model and a surgically prepared dog model were used to assess the SSFP-based myocardial BOLD signal changes at 1.5T ...
Nanthakumar Kumaraswamy - - 2008
The ability of an electrical discharge to stimulate the heart depends on the duration of the pulse, the voltage and the current density that reaches the heart. Stun guns deliver very short electrical pulses with minimal amount of current at high voltages. We discuss external stimulation of the heart by ...
McQuinn Tim C - - 2007
The chick embryo has long been a favorite model system for morphologic and physiologic studies of the developing heart, largely because of its easy visualization and amenability to experimental manipulations. However, this advantage is diminished after 5 days of incubation, when rapidly growing chorioallantoic membranes reduce visibility of the embryo. ...
Westermann Dirk - - 2008
An intensification of the local cardiac kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) is thought to delay the development of cardiac failure. Since myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death in the developed countries, the role of the kallikrein-kinin system was studied in numerous experimental studies focusing on this disease using ...
Verma Daya D - - 2007
PURPOSE: We assessed whether the infusion of Coenzyme Q10-loaded liposomes (CoQ10-L) in rabbits with an experimental myocardial infarction can result in increased intracellular delivery of CoQ10 and thus limit the fraction of the irreversibly damaged myocardium. METHODS: CoQ10-L, empty liposomes (EL), or Krebs-Henseleit (KH) buffer were administered by intracoronary infusion, ...
Traktuev Dmitry O - - 2007
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is required for both endogenous and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-augmented angiogenesis in normal tissues, leading us to hypothesize that uPA augmentation by gene transfer might promote angiogenesis in ischemic tissues. Overexpression of uPA was studied in rat myocardial infarction (MI) and mouse hind limb ischemia ...
Fukuda S - - 2007
Ischaemic/hypoxic insults to the brain during surgery and anaesthesia can result in long-term disability or death. Advances in resuscitation science encourage progress in clinical management of these problems. However, current practice remains largely founded on extrapolation from animal studies and limited clinical investigation. A major step was made with demonstration ...
Polykandriotis E - - 2008
The arteriovenous loop (AV loop) model is gaining importance as a means of initiating and sustaining perfusion in tissue engineering constructs in vivo. This study represents an attempt to dissect the morphology of early arterialization and angiogenesis in the AV loop in a fibrin matrix with special focus on the ...
Grisel Philippe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The MRL mouse strain shows extraordinary wound healing capacities. Some years ago, Leferovich et al. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2001;98:9830-35) have reported the absence of scar formation after cryogenically-induced right ventricular myocardial infarcts in adult MRL mice. An independent group (Oh et al., Cardiovasc Pathol 2004;13:203-6) ...
Nader Marc-Elie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Some clinicians use hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to clear the lumen of ventilation tubes that become blocked postoperatively. The ototoxicity associated with H2O2 has been controversial. STUDY DESIGN: We designed an experiment to test if H2O2 damages the cochlear hair cells using a Chinchilla laniger animal model. METHODS: Nine chinchillas ...
Pallen Mark J - - 2006
In the recent Dover trial, and elsewhere, the 'Intelligent Design' movement has championed the bacterial flagellum as an irreducibly complex system that, it is claimed, could not have evolved through natural selection. Here we explore the arguments in favour of viewing bacterial flagella as evolved, rather than designed, entities. We ...
Nanthakumar Kumaraswamy - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardiac consequences of neuromuscular incapacitating device (NID)/stun gun discharge in an experimental model. BACKGROUND: The large-voltage electrical discharges from NIDs have been suggested to pose a risk for triggering cardiac arrhythmias. METHODS: Intracardiac catheters and blood pressure transducers were inserted ...
Yanagawa B - - 2007
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a potent, long-lasting vasoactive peptide originally isolated from human pheochromocytoma. Since its discovery, serum and tissue AM expression have been shown to be increased in experimental models and in patients with cardiac hypertrophy, myocardial infarction and end-stage heart failure with several beneficial effects. Considerable evidence exists for ...
Kohl Peter P The Cardiac Mechano-Electric Feedback Group, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PT, UK. - - 2006
The heart is an electrically driven mechanical pump, somewhat like an electric motor. Interestingly, like an electric motor in 'dynamo mode', the heart can also convert mechanical stimuli into electrical signals. This feedback from cardiac mechanics to electrical activity involves mechanosensitive ion channels, whose properties and pathophysiological relevance are reviewed ...
Aspelin Peter - - 2006
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of iodinated contrast media on blood components and endothelium based on experimental and clinical studies and to produce clinically relevant guidelines for reducing thrombotic and hematologic complications following the intravascular use of contrast media. A report was drafted after review ...
Wang Jinfeng - - 2006
In this report, we describe a simple and fast method for creating a murine myocardial infarction model and providing a useful and convenient tool for the research in ischemic heart disease. We established acute myocardial infarction in the Kunming-strain mouse within 2 minutes by ligating the left anterior descending coronary ...
Gupta Anuj - - 2006
Myocardial fibrosis has been identified in biopsy specimens from catheterization and valve replacement surgery in patients with severe chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). While characterization of these extracellular matrix (ECM) alterations has been incomplete in humans, fibrosis also has been identified in chronic severe experimentally created AR, in which ECM composition ...
Rodovicius Hiliaras - - 2006
The objective of this study was to examine the acceptor activities of tRNA for amino acids, valine and arginine, and the activities of the corresponding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases of normal rabbit liver and 6, 12 and 24 h after experimental myocardial ischemia in different seasons of the year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Zhong Jing-quan - - 2005
Epinephrine (adrenaline) and vasopressin have been by far the most commonly studied vasopressors in experimental cardiac arrest. Despite animal experimental studies suggesting improved outcomes in experimental cardiac arrest, clinical trials of pressor agents have failed to show clear cut benefit from either vasopressin or epinephrine, although few, if any, trials ...
Rakhmatullina F F - - 2005
Experimental myocardial infarction (coronary ligation without drug infusion) reduced heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and blood pressure. Under conditions of blocked NO synthesis, experimental myocardial infarction was accompanied by a transient increase in heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and blood pressure, followed by their decrease throughout the experiment. ...
Hamid Shabaz A - - 2005
During and following acute myocardial infarction, a variety of endogenous mediators are elevated, one of which is adrenomedullin (AM). AM is a multifunctional peptide that has been identified as having a putative beneficial role following an ischemic insult at both systemic and local levels. Classically described as a potent vasodilator, ...
Genlin Xu X Coll. of Med. Instrum., Univ. of Shanghai for Sci. & - - 2005
The compression of the mural coronary artery also exists in the diastole. We make a myocardial bridging simulator and build an experimental model to study the status of the compression. Through the simulative experiment, we make a numerical value simulation which depicts the effect of the myocardial bridge on the ...
Ge Dingfei D Department of Information & Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310012, - - 2005
There is a need to develop a criterion to measure the class separability of cardiac data before the decision-making logic is applied. This article explores the use of separability criteria to measure the separability of cardiac data. Then a new separability criterion was presented, which was constructed by combining standard ...
Mueller Nicolas J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Xenotransplantation using pigs as the source species for organs carries a potential risk for transmission and activation of porcine herpesviruses. Activation of porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) in pig-to-baboon xenotransplantation is associated with xenograft injury and possibly an increased incidence of consumptive coagulopathy (CC). METHODS: To further investigate the role of ...
Telgmann Ursula - - 2004
The development of biofilms is determined by the balance of growth and detachment. But while the growth of biofilms is well studied, the influence of growth history and detachment on biofilm development is not. Here we report on laboratory scale experiments where heterotrophic biofilms were grown in a tubular reactor. ...
Salto-Tellez Manuel - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The laboratory mouse is a powerful tool in cardiovascular research. In this report, we describe a method for a reproducible mouse myocardial infarction model that would allow subsequent comparative and quantitative studies on molecular and pathophysiological variables. METHODS: (A) The distribution of the major coronary arteries including the septal ...
Lukyanov Anatoly N - - 2004
Micelles prepared from polyethyleneglycol/phosphatidyl-ethanolamine conjugates (PEG-PE) with a size of 7-20 nm and zeta-potential of approximately -18 mV were administered i.v. to rabbits with experimental myocardial infarctions. Micelles demonstrated a prolonged circulation in the blood (half-life of 2 h) and accumulated in the infarction zone with efficiency more than 8-fold ...
Moreno José Bitu - - 2004
Recently, we showed that the arterial in-line application of the leukocyte inhibition module (LIM) within the heart-lung machine limits overshooting leukocyte activity and cardiac tissue damage. Moreover, significantly better cardiac function was found in an experimental animal model when LIM was used. In the meantime, the first promising clinical data ...
Azizov V A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study immunohistochemical and electron-microscopic features of secretory cardiomyocytes in experimental myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Totally 15 hearts of dogs with experimental MI were studied. For electron-microscopic study materials were collected from left atrium, and its several parts (appendix, lateral and frontal walls). For immunohistochemical analysis of atrial natriuretic ...
Yakobson G S - - 2003
We compared the results of clinical and experimental studies of endocrine parameters in patients with myocardial infarction and arterial hypertension and NISAG rats with hereditary stress-induced arterial hypertension during experimental myocardial infarction. Changes in the content of corticosterone, aldosterone, insulin, triiodothyronine, and thyroxin were similar in animals and patients with ...
Brock William J - - 2003
An increased sensitivity of the heart to endogenous epinephrine (adrenaline), a phenomenon referred to as cardiac sensitization, has long been recognized as a risk during exposure to hydrocarbons, principally halogenated hydrocarbons. Cardiac sensitization, which can result in serious arrhythmia and death, requires a certain critical blood level of both the ...
Verwoerd-Verhoef Henriette L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of lateral nasal wall surgery on sinonasal growth METHODS: Twenty young New Zealand White rabbits, 6 weeks of age, were included in this experimental study. Surgery was performed on two groups of ten animals each (series I and II). Entrance to the left nasal cavity ...
Kang Y James - - 2003
Interest in cardiotoxicity has dramatically increased during the past two years, leading to exciting progress in our understanding of the field. Both clinical and experimental animal studies have emphasized the role of cardiotoxicity in myocardial pathogenesis. Exploration of the cardiotoxicity of air pollution and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) through ...
Sun Chia-Wei - - 2002
Time-resolved Stokes vectors of transmitted optical signals were measured to differentiate normal and stunned myocardium tissues. The corresponding Mueller matrices were calculated based on the Stokes-Mueller formalism. Our experimental results indicated that the time-resolved Mueller matrices could provide information about myocardial architectural alteration in stunned myocardium. Thus, the Stokes-Mueller measurement ...
Tiemann Klaus - - 2002
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has become a major field of clinical research in echocardiography in the last decade. The introduction of new contrast agents was accompanied by a large variety of new contrast specific imaging techniques. Recent experimental and clinical studies demonstrate that MCE is now ready for clinical applications. ...
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