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Results 201 - 250 of 411
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Sun Chia-Wei - - 2002
Time-resolved Stokes vectors of transmitted optical signals were measured to differentiate normal and stunned myocardium tissues. The corresponding Mueller matrices were calculated based on the Stokes-Mueller formalism. Our experimental results indicated that the time-resolved Mueller matrices could provide information about myocardial architectural alteration in stunned myocardium. Thus, the Stokes-Mueller measurement ...
Tiemann Klaus - - 2002
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has become a major field of clinical research in echocardiography in the last decade. The introduction of new contrast agents was accompanied by a large variety of new contrast specific imaging techniques. Recent experimental and clinical studies demonstrate that MCE is now ready for clinical applications. ...
Bassingthwaighte James B - - 2002
Physical systems, from galactic clusters to diffusing molecules, often show fractal behavior. Likewise, living systems might often be well described by fractal algorithms. Such fractal descriptions in space and time imply that there is order in chaos, or put the other way around, chaotic dynamical systems in biology are more ...
Redington Andrew N - - 2002
This article describes the importance of the right ventricle in both the normal circulation, and in the abnormal milieu of previously palliated or corrected congenital heart disease. The latter group represents natural models of abnormal right ventricular loading that do not exist in any other experimental arena, and their study ...
Liu Jian-Xun - - 2002
AIM: To study the effects of recombinant staphylokinase (r-Sak) on coronary thrombosis, cardiac ischemia, and myocardial infarction in Chinese experimental miniature swine. METHODS: Endarterium was injuried and coronary thrombi were formed gradually through direct electrical stimulation on the coronary artery of Chinese experimental miniature swine. Effects of r-Sak in vitro ...
Spieckermann P G - - 2002
Due to the numerous chapters discussing the history of this society, substantial aspects of cardiovascular research are covered to a great extent. Therefore it is extraordinarily difficult to find a convincing classification for the field of "Experimental Cardiology". What remains, if physiology, heart surgery, coronary heart disease, diagnostic imaging, heart ...
Spodick David H - - 2002
Diagnosis and treatment for the heart and virtually all its structures is becoming available via the pericardium. With or without pericardial effusion (formerly necessary for safe access), instruments that can enter the noneffusive pericardium are available and thoroughly tested experimentally, with human trials currently under way. Successful therapy includes antiarrhythmic, ...
Baroldi G - - 2001
Pathological contraction bands affecting myocardial cells are observed in many different human conditions and in different experimental models. Their morphology was defined long ago but we need to understand the pathogenesis and functional meaning. A distinction between different histological forms of contraction bands and their quantification in a large spectrum ...
Goumghar M D - - 2001
Experimental infections of two susceptible French populations of Lymnaea truncatula (Courcelles and Saint Ours) with an allopatric (Fès, Morocco) or a semi-sympatric (Limoges, France) isolate of Fasciola hepatica miracidia were performed to determine the effect of allopatric miracidia on redial and cercarial production. In both populations, cercarial release was significantly ...
Bailer A J - - 2001
We have been challenged by Peter Chapman to consider the implication of hormesis for both ecotoxicology and ecological risk assessment. A consideration of his proposal led to the following observations and comments. I echo his comments related to the need for experimental designs and statistical tools that accommodate and address ...
Herrmann J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Experimental hypercholesterolemia is associated with vasa vasorum neovascularization, unknown to occur before or after initial lesion formation. Thus, this study was performed to determine the temporal course of neovascularization of coronary vasa vasorum in relation to endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of early atherosclerosis. METHODS: Female domestic pigs were fed ...
Gandini C - - 2001
Cardiac dysfunction including arrhythmias and myocardial ischemia have often been reported in carbon monoxide poisoning; scattered punctiform hemorrhages throughout the heart have been documented in autopsy samples. An appropriate diagnostic approach is crucial to assess carbon monoxide cardiac damage. This evaluation may be confounded by several factors, including the absence ...
Kostin Y V - - 2000
High antiarrhythmic activity of a new Russian antiarrhythmic drug quaternidine in ventricular arrhythmia was studied in 96 coronary patients by Holter monitoring, bicycle ergometry, and echocardiography. The drug had a positive impact on local kinetics in left-ventricular ischemic myocardium and some parameters of bicycle exercise test. The preparation possesses no ...
Leibrandt P N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The transmission of 12-lead electrocardiograms from remote locations to hand-held computers of cardiologists is now possible with the development of wireless technology and computer software. This investigation determined whether the cardiologist's decisions regarding reperfusion therapy for patients with symptoms suggestive of an acute myocardial infarction are the same when ...
Panchal A R - - 2000
The goal of this study was to measure flux through pyruvate carboxylation and decarboxylation in the heart in vivo. These rates were measured in the anterior wall of normal anesthetized swine hearts by infusing [U-(13)C(3)]lactate and/or [U-(13)C(3)] pyruvate into the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. After 1 h, the ...
Armbruster P - - 2000
Understanding the consequences of inbreeding has important implications for a wide variety of topics in population biology. However, most studies quantifying the effects of inbreeding are performed under artificial farm, greenhouse, laboratory or zoo conditions. Although several authors have argued that the deleterious effects of inbreeding (inbreeding depression) are likely ...
Tamaki N - - 2000
Nuclear medicine has progressed in conjunction with the recent growth of molecular medicine. Myocardial energy metabolism has long been investigated in experimental models with the use of Langendorff's method or coronary sinus blood sampling. However, the introduction of a variety of radiopharmaceutical agents has now made possible easy visualization of ...
Ytrehus K - - 2000
Results obtained by experimental studies of the ischemic heart have been of tremendous importance for the understanding of physiology, biochemistry and lately also the molecular genetics of the heart. Experimental models in use for the study of the ischemic heart involve studies on the integrated organism, experiments with isolated hearts ...
Vazquez-Jimenez J F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac lymph is the most direct medium for analyzing metabological changes in the myocardial cell. Currently, dogs are the animals used for investigation of myocardial lymphatic function. However, questions arise when comparing and interpreting the human system to the experimental model, since the dog coronary anatomy is different from ...
Leabu M. V. - - 2000
Peroxidatic activity in heart effluent was defined as a new biochemical parameter for the experimental study of myocardial ischemia. The peroxidatic reaction was determined by dot blot analysis with 3,3'-diaminobenzidine as hydrogen donor. After ischemia, the level of peroxidatic activity in heart effluent was 2-3 times higher than before. The ...
Spalding M B - - 2000
An experimental model of right heart failure was developed to determine the effects of fluid loading and aminophylline on right heart function. We hypothesised that aminophylline would specifically improve right heart function through a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance and, possibly, an increase in cardiac contractility. Right heart infarct was ...
Konstantinov I E - - 2000
Sergei S. Brukhonenko designed and constructed one of the earliest heart-lung machines. He was the first to experimentally perform a total body perfusion with the heart of the animal isolated from the circulation. His work paved the way to the first experimental operations on heart valves. Although Brukhoneko's pioneering contributions ...
Apstein C S - - 2000
Early clinical trials of glucose-insulin-potassium for acute myocardial infarction were inconclusive. However, several recent placebo-controlled, prospective, randomized clinical trials of glucose-insulin-potassium for acute myocardial infarction or metabolic support during and after cardiac surgery have demonstrated its efficacy. These clinical results are supported by experimental studies that have shown a strong ...
Lazda E J - - 2000
The aims of this study were to determine whether immunohistochemical staining for C9 can demonstrate myocardial necrosis in the fetus and neonate. Hearts from cases of stillbirth or neonatal death with confirmed myocardial necrosis (in neonates) or with ischemic lesions outside the heart (in neonates and stillborns) were stained immunohistochemically ...
Tazawa H - - 1999
Avian embryos develop within a hard eggshell which permits the measurement of heart rate while maintaining an adequate gas exchange through the chorioallantoic membrane. Heart rate has been determined from cardiogenic signals detected either noninvasively, semi-invasively or invasively with various transducers. Firstly, we reviewed these previously-developed methods and experimental results ...
Matsusaka T - - 1999
Accumulating data show that excess of angiotensin II (Ang II) is involved in cardiac fibrosis. Many experimental studies suggested that Ang II induces cardiac fibrosis not by its blood pressure-raising action, but rather by a direct action on the heart. However, it has been difficult to distinguish the local and ...
White J M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction places additional demands on an already compromised myocardium. Relaxing music can induce a relaxation response, thereby reversing the deleterious effects of the stress response. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of relaxing music; quiet, uninterrupted rest; and "treatment as usual" on anxiety levels and physiological indicators of ...
Katwa L C - - 1999
Biosynthesis of endothelin-1 (ET-1), the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor yet identified, is increased following myocardial infarction (MI) in man. Pathological events which occur in the connective tissues of the equine hoof during laminitis are similar in some respects, to changes occurring in the myocardial connective tissues following MI in man. ...
Pneumaticos S G SG Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, - - 1999
This experimental animal study compared the healing patterns between open and closed treatments of Achilles tendon tenotomies. Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits underwent tenotomy of the left Achilles tendon and were randomized into two groups, treated with either open surgical repair or closed management. After the death of the animal, ...
Santos A C - - 1998
ABSTRACT. The aim of the present study was to investigate the lymphatic cardiac circulation in an experimental model of ischemia plus reperfusion in mongrel dogs (Canis familiaris L). As radiotracer we used 0.2-0.25 ml (111 MBq) of 99mTc-Re2S7 colloid (+/-10 microm), injected subcapsullary below the second diagonal of the descending ...
Weems C F - - 1998
This experiment used the integration of a multi-element design with a second baseline to isolate the effect of biofeedback on the control of a target response, heart rate. The results of the experiment indicate that contingent visual heart rate feedback was instrumental in specifically facilitating the control of heart rate ...
Turnbull B S - - 1998
The term contraction band necrosis describes focal hypercontraction and lysis of small groups of myocardial cells. Contraction band necrosis of the myocardium was identified in 100% of 52 whales and dolphins (cetaceans) stranded along the western coast of the Gulf of Mexico between April 1991 and November 1996. The myocardial ...
Watkins B P - - 1998
The identification of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), and other family members, in a variety of embryonic tissue extracts has implicated these growth factors as participants in many embryonic events, including cardiogenesis. The present study was conducted in an attempt to characterize the effects of exogenous FGF-2 on the development of ...
Godt R E - - 1998
Ablation of cardiac neural crest at stages 8-10 produces a structural heart defect (persistent truncus arteriosus, PTA) in embryonic chicks. PTA is associated with decreased myocardial contractility, as indicated by decreased left ventricular ejection fraction. We compared the force of small ventricular strips from normal and defective chick hearts. In ...
Dalkara S - - 1998
The high-molecular-weight soluble aggregates of Fab fragments of murine antibodies against cardiac myosin were prepared as a potential long-circulating and low immunogenic pharmaceutical carriers by conjugation of thiolated Fab and Fab modified with succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionate. The clearance time and biodistribution of 111In-radiolabeled aggregates were studied in normal and nude-mice bearing ...
Wasser J S - - 1997
As part of our ongoing research on cardiac hypoxia tolerance we have conducted 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of isolated, perfused, working hearts from freshwater turtles, animals that are well known for their ability to tolerate prolonged periods of anoxia. A striking feature of turtle heart spectra is an ...
Agrawal Dipak I. - - 1997
This preliminary experimental study demonstrates the potential usefulness of harmonic power Doppler imaging in producing left ventricular myocardial opacification and demonstrating intramyocardial coronary vessels during contrast echocardiography using Levovist, a saccharide-based contrast agent. The contrast effect was most dramatic when a vasodilator such as dipyridamole or nitroglycerin was used in ...
Taggart D P - - 1997
Animal experiments have shown that members of the heat shock protein (HSP) family have cytoprotective properties against ischaemia. In experimentally induced cardiac ischaemia, the induction of HSP70s correlates with reduced infarct size and enhanced myocardial function and endothelial recovery. Direct evidence that increased myocardial HSP70 expression result in cytoprotection during ...
Schotborgh C E - - 1997
Sulfonylurea derivatives are hypoglycemic drugs frequently used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In the beta-cell sulfonylureas act by blocking ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K.ATP channels). In several organ systems, including the cardiovascular system, sulfonylurea receptors and functional K.ATP channels have been identified. In the heart their role is ...
Taccardi B - - 1997
We developed an experimental preparation in which we record 1500 intramural electrograms from the ventricular walls of an isolated dog heart. The heart is plunged into an electrolytic tank shaped as a human thorax. The tank carries 1300 electrodes uniformly distributed in the conducting volume and on its surface. We ...
Cesari M - - 1996
Endothelin-1, the most potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide identified so far, exerts multiple biologic effects that are potentially relevant for the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease. Since the discovery of the peptide, a good deal of experimental and clinical data have been accumulated to support an important role ...
Miller A J - - 1996
Our interest in the effects of impaired cardiac lymph drainage on coronary atherosclerosis led us to study the cardiac lymphatic anatomy in the monkey, generally considered the ideal experimental animal for examining coronary artery disorders. Short-term and long-term studies to visualize the cardiac lymphatic system and its mediastinal drainage pathways ...
Dyke C - - 1996
Cardiopulmonary bypass has been demonstrated to produce a state of functional hypothyroidism characterized by low levels of circulating tri-iodothyronine and elevated levels of reverse Tri-iodothyronine. This low tri-iodothyronine state may have significant hemodynamic consequences similar to that seen with chronic hypothyroidism. In a number of experimental models, evidence has accumulated ...
Bosman C - - 1996
The clinical, histologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructure studies of a primary neoplasia of the myocardium with onset in a 14-year-old boy led to the conclusion that this was a benign neoplasia of myocardial origin, apparently not previously described. The authors propose to call this entity "myocardial rhabdomyoma with rhabdomyoblastic moiety".
Torchilin V P - - 1996
Biodistribution and infarct accumulation of different liposome preparations in rabbits with experimental myocardial infarction have been investigated. The influence of such parameters as liposome size, and presence or absence of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and infarct-specific antimyosin antibody (AM) on liposome behavior in vivo was studied. All three variables were shown ...
Battler A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) promotes cardiac myocyte growth and contractility in vitro. This study was designed to investigate the effect of exogenous IGF-II on regional myocardial function at the area of infarct in the pig. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was induced in 12 female anaesthetized pigs by affigel blue ...
Gnecchi-Ruscone T - - 1995
The non-uniform occurrence of myocardial ischaemia, with a trough at night and a peak in the morning, is at the base of the concept of a circadian distribution of coronary events. Cardiovascular variables known to influence the occurrence of ischaemia have similar rhythms, and a likely culprit could be hidden ...
Carson J L - - 1995
Clinicians have few data on which to base a decision to transfuse a surgical patient. We reviewed animal and human data to evaluate the effects that anemia and comorbidity have on surgical outcome. Experimental evidence consistently demonstrates increased cardiac output, decreased peripheral vascular resistance, and increased release of oxygen by ...
Pinelli G - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Because of problems concerning the functional quality of heart transplants, more and more interest has been focused on the physiologic changes occurring during brain death, one of the major possible contributing factors to the myocardial alterations. METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe the link between acute ...
Ferreira D B - - 1995
There is evidence in the literature that death following a bee or wasp sting may result from cardiac involvement. This study describes acute cardiac lesions experimentally induced in Wistar Rats submitted to intravenous inoculation of Africanized bee venom (ABV) and killed 1, 4, and 24 h after inoculation. Significant increases ...
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