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Results 201 - 250 of 650
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Wu Shujing - - 2014
Interactions between doxorubicin (DOX) and iron generate reactive oxygen species and contribute to DOX-induced heart failure. Hydrogen, as a selective antioxidant, is a promising potential therapeutic option for the treatment of a variety of diseases. Therefore, we investigated the preventive effects of hydrogen treatment on DOX-induced heart failure in rats. ...
Sezai Akira A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
The vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist (Tolvaptan) is a new diuretic that selectively promotes the excretion of water. It has been reported to be effective for patients in cardiology, but there have been no reports of its use in the perioperative period after cardiac surgery. We report the usefulness of Tolvaptan ...
Loar Robert W RW Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a form of congenital heart disease characterized by severe underdevelopment of the left heart, leading to inadequate systemic blood flow. Several different atrial septal morphologies are observed in HLHS, most commonly a secundum atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale, intact septum, and leftward displacement ...
Hasin Tal T William J von Liebig Transplant Center, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) acutely decrease left ventricular wall stress. Thus, early postoperative levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) should decrease. This study investigated postoperative changes in NT-proBNP levels, the parameters related to changes, and the possible association with complications by performing a retrospective analysis of changes in ...
Kim Chilsung C Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of - - 2014
Percutaneous extracorporeal life support (P-ECLS) is a useful modality for the management of refractory cardiac or pulmonary failure. However, venoarterial P-ECLS may result in a complication of left ventricular distension. In this case report, we discuss a patient with drug-induced dilated cardiomyopathy managed with venoarterial P-ECLS and a left atrial ...
Liu Sheng-da SD Department of Hyperbaric Oxygen, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been used in the evaluation on heart function in many heart diseases. However, little is known in patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) can be applied as a preliminary test method to measure the left ventricular function. In ...
Pozo Eduardo E The Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute and Marie-Josee and Henry R. Kravis Center for Cardiovascular Health; Icahn School of Medicine, New York, United States; Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Madrid, - - 2014
Imaging techniques are essential in the clinical evaluation of patients with a myocardial infarction. They are of value for both initial assessment of the ischemic injury and for detection of the subgroup of patients at higher risk of developing cardiovascular events during follow-up. Echocardiography remains the technique of choice for ...
Psotka Mitchell A - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and economic cost. Although the benefit of anticoagulation has been well described, control of the underlying rhythm disturbance can be achieved in various ways. Numerous therapeutic options exist and continue to be developed; however, the ...
Salie Ruduwaan - - 2014
Although obesity is still considered a risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disorders, recent studies suggested that it may also be associated with reduced morbidity and mortality, the so-called "obesity paradox". Experimental data on the impact of diabetes, obesity and insulin resistance on myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury are controversial. Similar ...
Sadek Mouhannad M MM Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 9 Founders Pavilion-Cardiology, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) commonly occur in patients with structural heart disease and may present as ventricular premature depolarizations (VPDs), monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT), or polymorphic VT/ventricular fibrillation. Idiopathic VAs can also occur in patients with normal hearts. This review explores the etiology, clinical presentation, and management strategies for different types ...
Dahdouh Ziad Z Cardiology Department, University hospital of Caen, Avenue cote de nacre 14033 Caen, - - 2014
We report a case of an octogenarian woman who suffered from cardiogenic shock following an inferolateral myocardial infarction extending to the right ventricle associated with complete atrioventricular heart block. Her initial status was critical with a poor prognosis. She requested an invasive full management to be able to continue to ...
Dalzell Jonathan R JR Scottish Advanced Heart Failure Unit, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Glasgow, G81 4DY, - - 2014
A growing array of biological pathways underpins the syndrome we recognize as heart failure. These include both deleterious pathways promoting its development and progression, as well as compensatory cardioprotective pathways. Components of these pathways can be utilized as biomarkers of this condition to aid diagnosis, prognostication and potentially guide management. ...
Simpson Joanne J Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, 126 University Place, Glasgow, G12 8TA, - - 2014
Heart failure is a complex multifaceted syndrome occurring as a result of impaired cardiac function. Understanding the neurohormonal, inflammatory and molecular pathways involved in the pathophysiology of this syndrome has led to the development of effective and widely used pharmacological treatments. Despite this, mortality and hospitalization rates associated with this ...
Jungbauer Carsten G CG Department of Cardiology, Klinik & Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
As complex disease, heart failure is associated with various pathophysiological and biochemical disorders. No single biomarker is able to display all these characteristics. Therefore, we evaluated a multimarker panel together with the biochemical gold-standard NT-proBNP. Part of the panel are markers for angiogenesis (Endostatin, IBP-4, IBP-7, sFlt-1 as antiangiogenetic factors ...
Balling Louise L Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Increased neurohormonal activation is a key feature of heart failure (HF). Copeptin is a surrogate marker for proarginine vasopressin and the prognostic value of copeptin has been reported for multiple disease states of both nonvascular and cardiovascular etiology. Elevated plasma copeptin in HF has been associated with adverse outcomes such ...
Kim Ji Hye JH Department of Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Republic of - - 2014
We report on a 20-year-old man with dilated cardiomyopathy and intracardiac thrombi associated with Cushing disease (CD). The patient presented with symptomatic heart failure. Follow-up echocardiography showed 2 thrombi in the apex of the left ventricle, which resolved after intravenous heparin therapy. The patient was first treated symptomatically, and then ...
Wald Rachel M RM Toronto Congenital Cardiac Centre for Adults, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic hemodynamically relevant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) resulting in important right ventricular dilation and ventricular dysfunction is commonly seen after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. Late adverse clinical outcomes, including exercise intolerance, arrhythmias, heart failure and/or death accelerate in the third decade of life and are cause for considerable concern. Timing ...
Bauer Adrian - - 2014
The use of extracorporeal life support systems (ECLS) in patients with postcardiotomy low cardiac output syndrome (LCO) as a bridge to recovery and bridge to implantation of ventricular assist device (VAD) is common nowadays. A 59-year-old patient with acute myocardial infarction received a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of the ...
Rasheed Riffat - - 2014
A 35 days old neonate with d-loop transposition of great arteries, underwent an arterial switch operation following which he developed hypotension attributed to left ventricular failure. During cardiopulmonary resuscitation decision was made to place him on cardiac bypass again. Due to limited resources and unavailability of a specialized extracorporeal membrane ...
Takeda Koji K Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
Recent advances in technology and improved patient management have enabled the use of mechanical circulatory support for unexpected long-term periods. Improved long-term outcomes may facilitate the use of device therapy as an alternative to heart transplantation. However, there are scarce data about the long-term outcomes of continuous-flow left ventricular assist ...
Silva Etelvino E Servicio de Cardiología, Institut del Tórax, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
There is extensive controversy exists on whether cardiac resynchronization therapy corrects electrical or mechanical asynchrony. The aim of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between electrical and mechanical sequences and if myocardial scar has any relevant impact. Six patients with normal left ventricular function and 12 ...
Young Justin J Project manager at the University Health Network in Toronto, - - 2014
This article provides a description of the administrative model that enabled a city-wide integration effort between Greater Toronto Area hospitals and Toronto Emergency Medical Services in the care of patients within the city of Toronto with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This administrative structure, known as the Toronto Heart Attack ...
John Gregor G Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, Geneva University Hospitals (HUG), Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1205 Geneva, - - 2014
Pulmonary embolism (PE) induces an acute increase in the right ventricle afterload that can lead to right-ventricular dysfunction (RVD) and eventually to circulatory collapse. Hemodynamic status and presence of RVD are important determinants of adverse outcomes in acute PE. Technologic progress allows computed tomography angiography (CTA) to give more information ...
Cesarelli Mario M DIETI, University of Naples, "Federico II", Naples, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is a cardiac disease associated with prominent alterations in the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system and high neurohormonal activation levels. Useful assessment tools may be heart rate variability (HRV) analysis and/or the study of norepinephrine (NPE) level. Nevertheless, traditional techniques of HRV analysis have proved not ...
Bell Susan P SP Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, VA Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, TN (S.P.B., D.W.A., M.A.L., H.O., D.B.S., - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) energy supply-demand imbalance is postulated to cause "energy starvation" and contribute to heart failure (HF) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). Using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and [(11)C] acetate positron emission tomography (PET), we evaluated LV perfusion and oxidative metabolism in NIDCM and the effects of spironolactone on ...
Pathak Ranjan R Department of Medicine, Reading Health System, West Reading, PA, - - 2014
Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare malignant tumors of the heart. Clinical features depend on the site of tumor and vary from symptoms of congestive heart failure to thromboembolism and arrhythmias. Echocardiography is helpful but definitive diagnosis is established by histopathology. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, and the role ...
Wang X X Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
We aimed at observing the effects of high thoracic epidural anesthesia (HTEA) on cardiac structure and function, heart rate variability (HRV), and QT interval variation (QTV) in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients with chronic heart failure. We divided 30 ICM patients into HTEA (N = 16) and control (N = 14) ...
Meilhac Sigolène M SM Institut Pasteur, Department of Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, CNRS URA2578, 75015 Paris, - - 2014
Myocardial cells ensure the contractility of the heart, which also depends on other mesodermal cell types for its function. Embryological experiments had identified the sources of cardiac precursor cells. With the advent of genetic engineering, novel tools have been used to reconstruct the lineage tree of cardiac cells that contribute ...
Zaobornyj Tamara T Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine (IBIMOL), Physical Chemistry Division, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart mitochondria play a central role in cell energy provision and in signaling. Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical which exerts an integral regulation of the cardiovascular system not only by adapting vascular smooth muscle tone but also by influencing ion channel function, myocyte contraction, energy metabolism, and hypertrophic ...
Matsushita Naoko N Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, Iwate Medical University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shiwa, Iwate, Japan; Department of Pharmacology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Shiwa, Iwate, - - 2014
Transgenic mice with transient cardiac expression of constitutively active Galpha q (Gαq-TG) exhibt progressive heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias after the initiating stimulus of transfected constitutively active Gαq becomes undetectable. However, the mechanisms are still unknown. We examined the effects of chronic administration of olmesartan on heart failure and ventricular ...
Qu Caihong C Deparment of Pharmacy, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, - - 2014
After 3 months of combination treatment using interferon α-2a and Ribavirin, a case of 59-year-old female patient with chronic viral hepatitis C demonstrated symptoms such as headache, dizziness accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dry cough, breathing difficulty, and shortness of breath. Dynamic electrocardiogram showed occasional atrial premature beats, paroxysmal tachycardia, and ...
Lindsey Stephanie E SE Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University Ithaca, NY, - - 2014
Mechanical forces are essential contributors to and unavoidable components of cardiac formation, both inducing and orchestrating local and global molecular and cellular changes. Experimental animal studies have contributed substantially to understanding the mechanobiology of heart development. More recent integration of high-resolution imaging modalities with computational modeling has greatly improved our ...
Pojar Marek M Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Charles University in Prague, Sokolska 581, 500 05 Hradec Kralove, Czech - - 2014
Heart failure is usually associated with left ventricle remodelling, wall thickening, and worsening of the systolic function. Ventricular tachycardia is a common and a negative prognostic factor in patients with endocardial scarring following myocardial infarction and aneurysm formation. The authors present a case of a 51-year-old man with ischemic heart ...
Gomez Juan F JF Instituto de Investigación en Ingeniería Biomédica, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, - - 2014
Heart failure is a final common pathway or descriptor for various cardiac pathologies. It is associated with sudden cardiac death, which is frequently caused by ventricular arrhythmias. Electrophysiological remodeling, intercellular uncoupling, fibrosis and autonomic imbalance have been identified as major arrhythmogenic factors in heart failure etiology and progression. In this ...
Han Jichun J Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic Phytomedicine Resources, Pharmacy School, Shihezi University, Ministry of Education, Shihezi 832002, - - 2014
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a major cause of heart injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion. The left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and the maximum up/down rate of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt max⁡) were documented by a physiological recorder. Myocardial infarct size was estimated macroscopically using 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. ...
Kono Yasushi Y Department of Medicine, Osaka Ekisaikai Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a treatment modality that suppresses inflammation and improves endothelial function, which are factors involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) is a physiological index of coronary microcirculation and is noninvasively measured by transthoracic Doppler ...
Poelmann Robert E RE Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Institute of Biology Leiden (IBL), Leiden University, Sylvius Laboratory, Leiden, The - - 2014
During cardiogenesis the epicardium, covering the surface of the myocardial tube, has been ascribed several functions essential for normal heart development of vertebrates from lampreys to mammals. We investigated a novel function of the epicardium in ventricular development in species with partial and complete septation. These species include reptiles, birds ...
Omura Yoshiaki - - 2014
Our previous study indicated that there are at least 7 cardiovascular representation areas on the face, including the "Eyebrows", both sides of the "Nose", "Lelt Upper Lip" and the "Outside of the corner of both sides of the mouth," in addition to 2 areas in each hand. When there are ...
Roth Gretchen M GM Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt - - 2014
Cardiomyocytes, the workhorse cell of the heart, contain exquisitely organized cytoskeletal and contractile elements that generate the contractile force used to pump blood. Individual cardiomyocytes were first isolated over 40 years ago in order to better study the physiology and structure of heart muscle. Techniques have rapidly improved to include ...
Sun Aijun A Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhongshan Hospital and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (A.S., Y.Z., D.X., H.G., S.W., P.Z., Y.C., - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests a critical role for mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) in protection against cardiac injuries; however, the downstream cytosolic actions of this enzyme are largely undefined. Proteomic analysis identified a significant downregulation of mitochondrial ALDH2 in the heart of a rat heart failure model after myocardial infarction. The ...
Shirakawa Makoto M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8603, - - 2014
The general anesthetic propofol protects the adult heart against ischemia and reperfusion injury; however, its efficacy has not been investigated in the immature heart. This work, for the first time, investigates the cardioprotective efficacy of propofol at clinically relevant concentrations in the immature heart. Langendorff perfused rabbit hearts (7-12 days ...
Matsuzaki Atsushi - - 2014
An estimated 50,000 patients have heart failure (HF) in Japan, and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the typical predictor of prognosis. The identification of a noninvasive marker to predict most high-risk patients is urgently needed. This study aimed to log the continuous ventricular late potential (LP) by using ...
Cetiner Nilüfer N Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Marmara University, Mimar Sinan Caddesi, No. 41, Pendik, 34890 İstanbul, - - 2014
Fetal heart failure and hydrops fetalis may occur due to systemic arteriovenous fistula because of increased cardiac output. Arteriovenous fistula of the central nervous system, liver, bone or vascular tumors such as sacrococcygeal teratoma were previously reported to be causes of intrauterine heart failure. However, coronary arteriovenous fistula was not ...
DiNicolantonio James J JJ Department of Cardiology, Mid America Heart Institute, Saint Luke's Health System, Kansas City, - - 2014
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are highly effective at improving prognosis in a variety of disease states such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, systolic heart failure, and acute coronary syndrome. Although these medications have been used in clinical practice for decades, not all ACE inhibitors are equal, as agents within this class ...
Habertheuer Andreas A 0000-0003-3946-418X Department of Cardiac Surgery, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, - - 2014
The idea of protecting the heart from ischemic insult during heart surgery to allow elective cardiac arrest is as old as the idea of cardiac surgery itself. The current gold standard in clinical routine is a high potassium regimen added either to crystalloid or blood cardioplegic solutions inducing depolarized arrest. ...
Kelly Robert G RG Aix Marseille University, CNRS, IBDM UMR 7288, 13288 Marseilles, - - 2014
In this review, we focus on two important steps in the formation of the embryonic heart: (i) the progressive addition of late differentiating progenitor cells from the second heart field that drives heart tube extension during looping morphogenesis, and (ii) the emergence of patterned proliferation within the embryonic myocardium that ...
Wiegand Gesa G Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital, Hoppe-Seyler-Strasse 1, 72076 Tuebingen, - - 2014
Enoxaparin displays fibrinolytic activity through stimulation of endothelial release of tissue plasminogen activator. Moreover, enoxaparin increases the release of tissue factor pathway inhibitor, which inhibits coagulation activity. However, there are only few reports regarding the use of enoxaparin for the treatment of children with thrombosis complicating congenital heart disease. We ...
Hwang Hayoung H Penn Cardiovascular Institute, Perelman School of Medicine, University of - - 2014
We identified a novel population of melanocyte-like cells (also known as cardiac melanocytes) in the hearts of mice and humans that contribute to atrial arrhythmia triggers in mice. To investigate the electrical and biological properties of cardiac melanocytes we developed a procedure to isolate them from mouse hearts that we ...
Abi-Saleh Bernard - - 2014
The use of heart failure classification to identify patients with systolic dysfunction who are at risk for ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VAs), sudden cardiac death, and shocks from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) is limited by its subjectivity. Measurement of thoracic impedance offers a more objective tool for assessing worsening of heart failure. ...
McCullough Peter P Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor Jack and Jane Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hosital, Dallas, TX, The Heart Hospital, Plano - - 2014
In patients with heart failure as a result of mechanical and neurohormonal derangements, macrophages secrete galectin-3, which is a paracrine and endocrine factor that stimulates additional macrophages, pericytes, myofibroblasts, and fibroblasts to proliferate and secrete procollagen I, which is irreversibly crosslinked to form fibrotic collagen. Normal plasma concentrations of galectin-3 ...
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