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Salie Ruduwaan - - 2014
Although obesity is still considered a risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disorders, recent studies suggested that it may also be associated with reduced morbidity and mortality, the so-called "obesity paradox". Experimental data on the impact of diabetes, obesity and insulin resistance on myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury are controversial. Similar ...
Sadek Mouhannad M MM Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 9 Founders Pavilion-Cardiology, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) commonly occur in patients with structural heart disease and may present as ventricular premature depolarizations (VPDs), monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT), or polymorphic VT/ventricular fibrillation. Idiopathic VAs can also occur in patients with normal hearts. This review explores the etiology, clinical presentation, and management strategies for different types ...
Dahdouh Ziad Z Cardiology Department, University hospital of Caen, Avenue cote de nacre 14033 Caen, - - 2014
We report a case of an octogenarian woman who suffered from cardiogenic shock following an inferolateral myocardial infarction extending to the right ventricle associated with complete atrioventricular heart block. Her initial status was critical with a poor prognosis. She requested an invasive full management to be able to continue to ...
Dalzell Jonathan R JR Scottish Advanced Heart Failure Unit, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Glasgow, G81 4DY, - - 2014
A growing array of biological pathways underpins the syndrome we recognize as heart failure. These include both deleterious pathways promoting its development and progression, as well as compensatory cardioprotective pathways. Components of these pathways can be utilized as biomarkers of this condition to aid diagnosis, prognostication and potentially guide management. ...
Simpson Joanne J Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, 126 University Place, Glasgow, G12 8TA, - - 2014
Heart failure is a complex multifaceted syndrome occurring as a result of impaired cardiac function. Understanding the neurohormonal, inflammatory and molecular pathways involved in the pathophysiology of this syndrome has led to the development of effective and widely used pharmacological treatments. Despite this, mortality and hospitalization rates associated with this ...
Jungbauer Carsten G CG Department of Cardiology, Klinik & Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
As complex disease, heart failure is associated with various pathophysiological and biochemical disorders. No single biomarker is able to display all these characteristics. Therefore, we evaluated a multimarker panel together with the biochemical gold-standard NT-proBNP. Part of the panel are markers for angiogenesis (Endostatin, IBP-4, IBP-7, sFlt-1 as antiangiogenetic factors ...
Balling Louise L Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Increased neurohormonal activation is a key feature of heart failure (HF). Copeptin is a surrogate marker for proarginine vasopressin and the prognostic value of copeptin has been reported for multiple disease states of both nonvascular and cardiovascular etiology. Elevated plasma copeptin in HF has been associated with adverse outcomes such ...
Bauer Adrian - - 2014
The use of extracorporeal life support systems (ECLS) in patients with postcardiotomy low cardiac output syndrome (LCO) as a bridge to recovery and bridge to implantation of ventricular assist device (VAD) is common nowadays. A 59-year-old patient with acute myocardial infarction received a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of the ...
Young Justin J Project manager at the University Health Network in Toronto, - - 2014
This article provides a description of the administrative model that enabled a city-wide integration effort between Greater Toronto Area hospitals and Toronto Emergency Medical Services in the care of patients within the city of Toronto with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This administrative structure, known as the Toronto Heart Attack ...
John Gregor G Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, Geneva University Hospitals (HUG), Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1205 Geneva, - - 2014
Pulmonary embolism (PE) induces an acute increase in the right ventricle afterload that can lead to right-ventricular dysfunction (RVD) and eventually to circulatory collapse. Hemodynamic status and presence of RVD are important determinants of adverse outcomes in acute PE. Technologic progress allows computed tomography angiography (CTA) to give more information ...
Cesarelli Mario M DIETI, University of Naples, "Federico II", Naples, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is a cardiac disease associated with prominent alterations in the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system and high neurohormonal activation levels. Useful assessment tools may be heart rate variability (HRV) analysis and/or the study of norepinephrine (NPE) level. Nevertheless, traditional techniques of HRV analysis have proved not ...
Bell Susan P SP Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, VA Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, TN (S.P.B., D.W.A., M.A.L., H.O., D.B.S., - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) energy supply-demand imbalance is postulated to cause "energy starvation" and contribute to heart failure (HF) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). Using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and [(11)C] acetate positron emission tomography (PET), we evaluated LV perfusion and oxidative metabolism in NIDCM and the effects of spironolactone on ...
Pathak Ranjan R Department of Medicine, Reading Health System, West Reading, PA, - - 2014
Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare malignant tumors of the heart. Clinical features depend on the site of tumor and vary from symptoms of congestive heart failure to thromboembolism and arrhythmias. Echocardiography is helpful but definitive diagnosis is established by histopathology. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, and the role ...
Mehrzad Raman R Department of Medicine, Steward Carney Hospital, Tufts University School of Medicine, 2100 Dorchester Avenue, Boston, MA 02124, USA. - - 2014
Our understanding of the left atrium is growing, although there are many aspects that are still poorly understood. The left atrium size as an imaging biomarker has been consistently shown to be a powerful predictor of outcomes and of different cardiovascular disorders, such as, but not limited to, atrial fibrillation, ...
Wang X X Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
We aimed at observing the effects of high thoracic epidural anesthesia (HTEA) on cardiac structure and function, heart rate variability (HRV), and QT interval variation (QTV) in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients with chronic heart failure. We divided 30 ICM patients into HTEA (N = 16) and control (N = 14) ...
Meilhac Sigolène M SM Institut Pasteur, Department of Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, CNRS URA2578, 75015 Paris, - - 2014
Myocardial cells ensure the contractility of the heart, which also depends on other mesodermal cell types for its function. Embryological experiments had identified the sources of cardiac precursor cells. With the advent of genetic engineering, novel tools have been used to reconstruct the lineage tree of cardiac cells that contribute ...
Zaobornyj Tamara T Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine (IBIMOL), Physical Chemistry Division, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart mitochondria play a central role in cell energy provision and in signaling. Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical which exerts an integral regulation of the cardiovascular system not only by adapting vascular smooth muscle tone but also by influencing ion channel function, myocyte contraction, energy metabolism, and hypertrophic ...
Matsushita Naoko N Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, Iwate Medical University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shiwa, Iwate, Japan; Department of Pharmacology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Shiwa, Iwate, - - 2014
Transgenic mice with transient cardiac expression of constitutively active Galpha q (Gαq-TG) exhibt progressive heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias after the initiating stimulus of transfected constitutively active Gαq becomes undetectable. However, the mechanisms are still unknown. We examined the effects of chronic administration of olmesartan on heart failure and ventricular ...
Qu Caihong C Deparment of Pharmacy, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, - - 2014
After 3 months of combination treatment using interferon α-2a and Ribavirin, a case of 59-year-old female patient with chronic viral hepatitis C demonstrated symptoms such as headache, dizziness accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dry cough, breathing difficulty, and shortness of breath. Dynamic electrocardiogram showed occasional atrial premature beats, paroxysmal tachycardia, and ...
Lindsey Stephanie E SE Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University Ithaca, NY, - - 2014
Mechanical forces are essential contributors to and unavoidable components of cardiac formation, both inducing and orchestrating local and global molecular and cellular changes. Experimental animal studies have contributed substantially to understanding the mechanobiology of heart development. More recent integration of high-resolution imaging modalities with computational modeling has greatly improved our ...
Pojar Marek M Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Charles University in Prague, Sokolska 581, 500 05 Hradec Kralove, Czech - - 2014
Heart failure is usually associated with left ventricle remodelling, wall thickening, and worsening of the systolic function. Ventricular tachycardia is a common and a negative prognostic factor in patients with endocardial scarring following myocardial infarction and aneurysm formation. The authors present a case of a 51-year-old man with ischemic heart ...
Gomez Juan F JF Instituto de Investigación en Ingeniería Biomédica, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, - - 2014
Heart failure is a final common pathway or descriptor for various cardiac pathologies. It is associated with sudden cardiac death, which is frequently caused by ventricular arrhythmias. Electrophysiological remodeling, intercellular uncoupling, fibrosis and autonomic imbalance have been identified as major arrhythmogenic factors in heart failure etiology and progression. In this ...
Han Jichun J Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic Phytomedicine Resources, Pharmacy School, Shihezi University, Ministry of Education, Shihezi 832002, - - 2014
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a major cause of heart injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion. The left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and the maximum up/down rate of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt max⁡) were documented by a physiological recorder. Myocardial infarct size was estimated macroscopically using 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. ...
Kono Yasushi Y Department of Medicine, Osaka Ekisaikai Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a treatment modality that suppresses inflammation and improves endothelial function, which are factors involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) is a physiological index of coronary microcirculation and is noninvasively measured by transthoracic Doppler ...
Poelmann Robert E RE Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Institute of Biology Leiden (IBL), Leiden University, Sylvius Laboratory, Leiden, The - - 2014
During cardiogenesis the epicardium, covering the surface of the myocardial tube, has been ascribed several functions essential for normal heart development of vertebrates from lampreys to mammals. We investigated a novel function of the epicardium in ventricular development in species with partial and complete septation. These species include reptiles, birds ...
Omura Yoshiaki - - 2014
Our previous study indicated that there are at least 7 cardiovascular representation areas on the face, including the "Eyebrows", both sides of the "Nose", "Lelt Upper Lip" and the "Outside of the corner of both sides of the mouth," in addition to 2 areas in each hand. When there are ...
Roth Gretchen M GM Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt - - 2014
Cardiomyocytes, the workhorse cell of the heart, contain exquisitely organized cytoskeletal and contractile elements that generate the contractile force used to pump blood. Individual cardiomyocytes were first isolated over 40 years ago in order to better study the physiology and structure of heart muscle. Techniques have rapidly improved to include ...
Nakou Eleni S - - 2013
Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome responsible for high morbidity and mortality in the world. Despite advances in the management of heart failure, the prognosis of these patients remains poor and there is a critical need for new treatment strategies improving the clinical outcomes. New approaches in heart failure ...
Papaefthimiou Chrisovalantis C Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Zoology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2013
Amitraz is a pesticide targeting the octopaminergic receptors. In a previous study, octopamine, a biogenic amine, was found to induce a biphasic effect on the honeybee heart, inhibition at low concentrations and excitation at high concentrations. Furthermore, the honeybee heart was found to be far more sensitive to octopamine compared ...
Todaro Maria Chiara MC Clinical and Experimental Department of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria N 1, Messina 98100, - - 2012
Until recently the left atrium had been subordinate to the left ventricle, but cardiologists now recognize that left atrial (LA) function is indispensable to normal circulatory performance. Transthoracic two-dimensional (2D) and Doppler echocardiography can elucidate parameters of LA function non-invasively. Yet, with the advent of 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography, we are ...
Cerci Rodrigo J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Appropriate clinical decisions concerning diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease rely on correct integration of coronary anatomy and myocardial perfusion data. The purpose of this manuscript is to introduce a new left ventricular segmentation model for improved alignment of coronary arterial segments and myocardial perfusion territories, designed for ...
Lajiness Jacquelyn D JD Developmental Biology and Neonatal Medicine Program, HB Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, 1044 West Walnut Street, Room R4 W402F, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2012
Cardiac fibroblasts are the most abundant cell in the mammalian heart. While they have been historically overlooked in terms of functional contributions to development and physiology, cardiac fibroblasts are now front and center. They are currently recognized as key protagonists during both normal development and cardiomyopathy disease, and work together ...
Valdez-Jasso Daniela - - 2012
Although right-ventricular function is an important determinant of cardio-pulmonary performance in health and disease, right ventricular myocardium mechanical behaviour has received relatively little attention. We present a novel experimental method for quantifying the mechanical behaviour of transmurally intact, viable right-ventricular myocardium. Seven murine right ventricular free wall (RVFW) specimens were ...
Li Zhao - - 2012
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the most effective procedures known to protect hearts against ischemia/ reperfusion (IR) injury. Tight junction (TJ) barriers occur between coronary endothelial cells. TJs provide barrier function to maintain the homeostasis of the inner environment of tissues. However, the effect of IPC on the structure ...
Sarig Udi - - 2012
The decellularization of porcine heart tissue offers many opportunities for the production of physiologically relevant myocardial mimetic scaffolds. Earlier, we reported the successful isolation of a thin porcine cardiac extracellular matrix (pcECM) exhibiting relevant bio-mechanical properties for myocardial tissue engineering. Nevertheless, since native cardiac tissue is much thicker, such thin ...
Laughner Jacob I - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease often manifests as a combination of pathological electrical and structural heart remodeling. The relationship between mechanics and electrophysiology is crucial to our understanding of mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias and the treatment of cardiac disease. While several technologies exist for describing whole heart electrophysiology, studies of cardiac mechanics are ...
Godeschalk-Slagboom Corine J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The integrated visualization of cardiac MRI during a ventricular tachycardia (VT) mapping and ablation procedure would provide improved catheter guidance and tissue assessment. We developed a system for and explored the added value of simultaneous visualization of intracardiac voltage measurements and MRI-derived myocardial scar information during VT ablation procedures. ...
Tatić Vujadin - - 2012
The heart has traditionally been considered as a static organ without capacity of regeneration after trauma. Currently, the more and more often asked question is whether the heart has any intrinsic capacities to regenerate myocytes after myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to present the existence of the ...
Tao Wen - - 2012
Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is consistently associated with prolongation of the ventricular action potentials. A number of previous studies, employing various experimental models of hypertrophy, have revealed marked differences in the effects of hypertrophy on action potential duration (APD) between myocytes from endocardial and epicardial layers of the LV ...
Ai Jing - - 2012
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of overexpression of microRNA-1 (miR-1) on cardiac contractile function and the potential molecular mechanisms.Methods and ResultsTransgenic (Tg) mice (C57BL/6) for cardiac-specific overexpression of miR-1 driven by the α-myosin heavy chain (α-MHC) promoter were generated and identified by real-time ...
Li Wenjun - - 2012
Two-photon intravital microscopy has substantially broadened our understanding of tissue- and organ-specific differences in the regulation of inflammatory responses. However, little is known about the dynamic regulation of leukocyte recruitment into inflamed heart tissue, largely due to technical difficulties inherent in imaging moving tissue. Here, we report a method for ...
Savadjiev Peter - - 2012
Heart wall myofibers wind as helices around the ventricles, strengthening them in a manner analogous to the reinforcement of concrete cylindrical columns by spiral steel cables [Richart FE, et al. (1929) Univ of Illinois, Eng Exp Stn Bull 190]. A multitude of such fibers, arranged smoothly and regularly, contract and ...
Karhausen Jörn - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In high-risk cardiac procedures, dynamic analysis of right ventricular (RV) performance is desirable, but the geometric complexity of the RV limits the applicability of current two-dimensional echocardiographic imaging techniques. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for the perioperative assessment of RV function and ...
Ammar Khawaja Afzal - - 2012
Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is an emerging tool to characterize and quantify myocardial segmental and rotational mechanics. This literature review is aimed at clinical and academic cardiologists to provide: (1) a conceptual framework of STE to initiate understanding of myocardial mechanics; (2) evidence that three-dimensional (3D) STE overcomes the problems ...
Bijnens B - - 2012
The assessment of cardiac pump function and the potential of local myocardium to contribute to the overall performance are of great importance in many cardiovascular abnormalities. Assessing intrinsic cardiac function requires obtaining information on the true contractility of the heart muscle, assessed locally but interpreted in the context of its ...
Smith Rebecca M - - 2012
Myocardial infarction, caused by a major blockage of a coronary artery, creates a border zone (BZ) between perfused and nonperfused tissue, which is believed to be the origin of fatal cardiac arrhythmias. We used a combination of optical clearing and polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography to visualize a three-dimensional organization of ...
Ravichandran Rajeswari - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart failure due to myocardial infarction remains the leading cause of death worldwide owing to the inability of myocardial tissue regeneration. The aim of this study is to develop a core/shell fibrous cardiac patch having desirable mechanical properties and biocompatibility to engineer the infarcted myocardium. METHOD: We fabricated poly(glycerol ...
Bordonali T - - 2012
The left atrial appendage (LAA) is a blind-ending, complex structure distinct from the body of the left atrium and is sometimes regarded as a minor extension of the atrium. However, it should routinely be analysed as part of a transoesophageal echocardiographic examination. In this study we describe the presence of ...
Maffessanti Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Conventional indices of right ventricular (RV) function are known to be reduced after cardiac surgery, as a consequence of geometric rather than functional alterations. New techniques, such as three-dimensional (3D) transthoracic and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography, may be useful in postsurgical RV assessment. The aim of this study was to ...
Aggeli C - - 2012
Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes which enhance proteolysis of extracellular matrix proteins. The pathophysiologic and prognostic role of MMPs has been demonstrated in numerous studies. The present review covers a wide a range of topics with regards to MMPs structural and functional properties, as well as their role in myocardial remodeling ...
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