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Ammar Khawaja Afzal - - 2012
Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is an emerging tool to characterize and quantify myocardial segmental and rotational mechanics. This literature review is aimed at clinical and academic cardiologists to provide: (1) a conceptual framework of STE to initiate understanding of myocardial mechanics; (2) evidence that three-dimensional (3D) STE overcomes the problems ...
Bijnens B - - 2012
The assessment of cardiac pump function and the potential of local myocardium to contribute to the overall performance are of great importance in many cardiovascular abnormalities. Assessing intrinsic cardiac function requires obtaining information on the true contractility of the heart muscle, assessed locally but interpreted in the context of its ...
Smith Rebecca M - - 2012
Myocardial infarction, caused by a major blockage of a coronary artery, creates a border zone (BZ) between perfused and nonperfused tissue, which is believed to be the origin of fatal cardiac arrhythmias. We used a combination of optical clearing and polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography to visualize a three-dimensional organization of ...
Ravichandran Rajeswari - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart failure due to myocardial infarction remains the leading cause of death worldwide owing to the inability of myocardial tissue regeneration. The aim of this study is to develop a core/shell fibrous cardiac patch having desirable mechanical properties and biocompatibility to engineer the infarcted myocardium. METHOD: We fabricated poly(glycerol ...
Bordonali T - - 2012
The left atrial appendage (LAA) is a blind-ending, complex structure distinct from the body of the left atrium and is sometimes regarded as a minor extension of the atrium. However, it should routinely be analysed as part of a transoesophageal echocardiographic examination. In this study we describe the presence of ...
Maffessanti Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Conventional indices of right ventricular (RV) function are known to be reduced after cardiac surgery, as a consequence of geometric rather than functional alterations. New techniques, such as three-dimensional (3D) transthoracic and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography, may be useful in postsurgical RV assessment. The aim of this study was to ...
Aggeli C - - 2012
Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes which enhance proteolysis of extracellular matrix proteins. The pathophysiologic and prognostic role of MMPs has been demonstrated in numerous studies. The present review covers a wide a range of topics with regards to MMPs structural and functional properties, as well as their role in myocardial remodeling ...
Rouillard Andrew D - - 2012
Effective management of healing and remodelling after myocardial infarction is an important problem in modern cardiology practice. We have recently shown that the level of infarct anisotropy is a critical determinant of heart function following a large anterior infarction, which suggests that therapeutic gains may be realized by controlling infarct ...
Lombaert H - - 2012
Cardiac fibers, as well as their local arrangement in laminar sheets, have a complex spatial variation of their orientation that has an important role in mechanical and electrical cardiac functions. In this paper, a statistical atlas of this cardiac fiber architecture is built for the first time using human datasets. ...
Adhyapak Srilakshmi M - - 2012
The prolate ellipsoid left ventricular geometry is crucial for its unique contraction and relaxation patterns. Perturbations in optimal cardiac function preceding overt heart failure ensue when this ellipsoid shape assumes a more spherical configuration; this is the stage when therapy should be intensified. The dynamic shape changes during the cardiac ...
Martin-Puig Silvia - - 2012
Most organs in mammals, including the heart, show a certain level of plasticity and repair ability during gestation. This plasticity is, however, compromised for many organs in adulthood, resulting in the inability to repair organ injury, including heart damage produced by acute or chronic ischemic conditions. In contrast, lower vertebrates, ...
Taylor Tyson G - - 2012
Long-duration ventricular fibrillation (LDVF) in the globally ischemic heart is characterized by transmurally heterogeneous decline in ventricular fibrillation rate (VFR), emergence of inexcitable regions, and eventual global asystole. Rapid loss of both local and global excitability is detrimental to successful defibrillation and resuscitation during cardiac arrest. We sought to assess ...
Lyon Alexander R AR Myocardial Function Unit, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Cardiomyocyte surface morphology and T-tubular structure are significantly disrupted in chronic heart failure, with important functional sequelae, including redistribution of sarcolemmal β(2)-adrenergic receptors (β(2)AR) and localized secondary messenger signaling. Plasticity of these changes in the reverse remodeled failing ventricle is unknown. We used AAV9.SERCA2a gene therapy to rescue failing rat ...
Mann Douglas L - - 2012
Medical and device therapies that reduce heart failure morbidity and mortality also lead to decreased left ventricular volume and mass, and a more normal elliptical shape of the ventricle. These are due to changes in myocyte size, structure, and organization that have been referred to collectively as "reverse remodeling." Moreover, ...
Peyrol Michael - - 2012
Ventricular allorhythmia is an electrocardiogram feature leading to a pattern of "regularly irregular" arrhythmia mainly reported during non-life-threatening organized atrial tachycardia. We report the infrequent case of a patient presenting with ventricular allorhythmia during infarct-related ventricular tachycardia. The potential mechanisms of this tachycardia are discussed.
Carrigan Thomas P - - 2012
An 84-year-old woman with a history of severe systolic heart failure, a mechanical mitral valve, and atrial fibrillation presented to the hospital with syncope and is found to have a free-floating intracardiac mass on transthoracic echocardiogram that was absent 5 months earlier. Real time three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) images ...
Pandey Shivlal - - 2012
Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) provides an incremental value in the delineation of various cardiac pathologies. In this study, two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) of a 56-year-old patient showing a prominent echo density suggestive of a mass in the left ventricle probably attached to the ventricular side of the anterior ...
Fomovsky Gregory M - - 2012
Following myocardial infarction, the mechanical properties of the healing infarct are an important determinant of heart function and the risk of progression to heart failure. In particular, mechanical anisotropy (having different mechanical properties in different directions) in the healing infarct can preserve pump function of the heart. Based on reports ...
Huang Chieh-Cheng - - 2012
Cellular cardiomyoplasty has been limited by poor graft retention after cell transplantation. To ensure good retention of the engrafted cells, a microfluidic device was used to fabricate spherical porous beads of poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) as a platform for cell delivery. The beads thus obtained had a relatively uniform size, a highly ...
Dillon A Ray - - 2012
Dogs with experimental mitral regurgitation (MR) provide insights into the left ventricular remodeling in preclinical MR. The early preclinical left ventricular (LV) changes after mitral regurgitation represent progressive dysfunctional remodeling, in that no compensatory response returns the functional stroke volume (SV) to normal even as total SV increases. The gradual ...
Chen Biyi - - 2012
β-Adrenergic receptor (AR) blockers provide substantial clinical benefits, including improving overall survival and left ventricular (LV) function following myocardial infarction (MI), though the mechanisms remain incompletely defined. The transverse-tubule (T-tubule) system of ventricular myocytes is an important determinant of cardiac excitation-contraction function. T-tubule remodeling occurs early during LV failure. We ...
Pourmorteza Amir - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Quantitative assessment of regional myocardial function has important diagnostic implications in cardiac disease. Recent advances in computed tomography (CT) imaging technology allow fine anatomical structures such as endocardial trabeculae to be resolved and potentially used as fiducial markers for tracking local wall deformations. We developed a method to detect ...
Padala Muralidhar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic methods to perform intracardiac procedures are of enormous interest, with the introduction of transcatheter techniques for complex cardiac procedures. In the present study, we demonstrate the use of a novel transapical cardioscopy system to visualize intracardiac structures in a porcine model. METHODS: The cardioscope was designed to mount ...
Hsieh Bill P C - - 2012
A 42-year-old female presented with chest pain, noted to have systolic and diastolic murmurs on physical examination and left ventricular hypertrophy on the electrocardiogram. Echocardiography with contrast enhancement revealed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with apical aneurysm and mid left ventricular cavity obstruction. Doppler interrogation showed continuous systolic and diastolic flow from ...
Vitarelli Antonio - - 2012
Real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography allows us to measure right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume irrespective of its shape. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and speckle tracking imaging (STI) are new tools to assess myocardial function. We sought to evaluate RV function by 3D echocardiography and myocardial strain imaging in adult patients with ...
Smeding Lonneke - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular dysfunction is common in severe sepsis or septic shock. Although functional alterations are often described, the elevated serum levels of cardiac proteins and autopsy findings of myocardial immune cell infiltration, edema and damaged mitochondria suggest that structural changes to the heart during severe sepsis and septic shock may ...
Witkowski Tomasz G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the changes in left ventricular (LV) contractile function at long-term follow-up after mitral valve repair (MVr). Moreover, assessment of LV systolic function in patients undergoing MVr is troublesome with current methods, given that mitral regurgitation is characterized by increased preload and decreased afterload, potentially ...
Sachse Frank B FB Nora Eccles Harrison Cardiovascular Research and Training Institute, University of Utah, 95 South 2000 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-5000, USA. - - 2012
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an established treatment for patients with chronic heart failure. However, CRT-associated structural and functional remodeling at cellular and subcellular levels is only partly understood. To investigate the effects of CRT on subcellular structures and protein distributions associated with excitation-contraction coupling of ventricular cardiomyocytes. Our studies ...
Li X - - 2012
Aims: Coronary thrombotic occlusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients is often preceded by episodes of progressive growth of the thrombus mass. Similar to wound healing, the organization of thrombus could depend on ingrowth of microvessels in order to stabilize its structure. We investigated the patterns of neovascularization in different ...
Arrighi James A - - 2012
The assessment of myocardial viability may be an important component of the evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. The primary goal of viability assessment in such patients is to guide therapeutic decisions by determining which patients would most likely benefit from revascularization. In patients with ...
Partington Sara L - - 2012
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can play a key role in the assessment and follow-up of patients with stage B heart failure. CMR currently serves as the reference standard for quantifying right and left ventricular size and ejection fraction. Technical advances have also enabled CMR to provide noninvasive tissue characterization ...
Roselló-Lletí Esther - - 2012
We investigate for the first time the influence of heart failure (HF) on nucleolar organization and proteins in patients with ischemic (ICM) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). A total of 71 human hearts from ICM (n=38) and DCM (n=27) patients, undergoing heart transplantation and control donors (n=6), were analysed by western-blotting, ...
Santalucia Paola - - 2012
Posterior circulation stroke accounts for about 20% of all ischemic strokes in a variety of syndromic pictures ranging from lacunar and limited infarcts to more extensive involvement. Furthermore, infarcts in the vertebrobasilar (VB) region are frequently multiple and not univocally identifiable in one single clinical entity; the prognosis is sometimes ...
Roongruangchai Jantima - - 2012
Situs inversus totalis is the complete reversal of positions of major thoracic and abdominal organs. The present study reports the reversed structures and histology of the epithelium of bronchus of a female cadaver 87 years of age, which was found during the dissection in a medical course of gross anatomy. ...
Carabello Blase A - - 2012
Structural cardiac volume overload comprises a group of heterogeneous diseases, each creating a nearly unique set of loading conditions on the left ventricle and/or right ventricle. In turn, the heart responds to each with unique patterns of remodeling, leading to both adaptive and maladaptive consequences. An understanding of these different ...
Moncayo Jorge - - 2012
The vascular supply of this small brainstem structure is complex. Although midbrain infarcts and particularly hemorrhages are uncommon, their clinical manifestations are diverse mainly because the vertical gaze centers and two of three nuclei of the extraocular muscles lie primarily in the midbrain. Consequently, eye movement disturbances are often the ...
Cigliano Antonio - - 2012
Cardiac valves are dynamic structures, exhibiting a highly specialized architecture consisting of cells and extracellular matrix with a relevant proteoglycan and glycosaminoglycan content, collagen and elastic fibers. Biological valve substitutes are obtained from xenogenic cardiac and pericardial tissues. To overcome the limits of such non viable substitutes, tissue engineering approaches ...
Trägårdh Elin - - 2012
It is important that referring physicians and other treating clinicians properly understand the final reports from diagnostic tests. The aim of the study was to investigate whether referring physicians interpret a final report for a myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) test in the same way that the reading nuclear medicine physician ...
Vu Duc Thang - - 2012
Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of death in developed countries. Cardiac cell therapy has been introduced to clinical trials for more than ten years but its results are still controversial. Tissue engineering has addressed some limitations of cell therapy and appears to be a promising solution for cardiac regeneration. ...
Cortés Raquel - - 2012
Ca(2+) handling machinery modulates the activation of cardiac transcription pathways involved in heart failure (HF). The present study investigated the effect of HF aetiology on Ca(+2) handling proteins and NFAT1, MEF2C and GATA4 (transcription factors) in the same cardiac tissue. A total of 83 hearts from ischemic (ICM, nā€Š=ā€Š43) and ...
Eckhouse Shaina R - - 2012
The myocardial interstitium is highly organized and orchestrated, whereby small disruptions in composition, spatial relationships, or content lead to altered myocardial systolic and/or diastolic performance. These changes in extracellular matrix structure and function are important in the progression to heart failure in pressure overload hypertrophy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and ischemic heart ...
Akamatsu Yosuke - - 2011
Object In the intraluminal suture model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the mouse, disturbance of blood flow from the internal carotid artery to the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) may affect the size of the infarction. In this study, PCA involvement in the model was investigated and modified for ...
Kalogeropoulos Andreas P - - 2012
Advances in modern echocardiography for quantification of cardiac structure and function have not been translated in clinical trial or practice applications to date. Imaging endpoints are especially well-suited for early trials with investigational therapies for heart failure as most drugs and devices approved for heart failure have shown favorable effects ...
Cookson A N - - 2012
The strong coupling between the flow in coronary vessels and the mechanical deformation of the myocardial tissue is a central feature of cardiac physiology and must therefore be accounted for by models of coronary perfusion. Currently available geometrically explicit vascular models fail to capture this interaction satisfactorily, are numerically intractable ...
Koitabashi Norimichi - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) involves changes in cardiac structure, myocardial composition, myocyte deformation, and multiple biochemical and molecular alterations that impact heart function and reserve capacity. Collectively, these changes have been referred to as 'cardiac remodeling'. Understanding the components of this process with the goal of stopping or reversing its progression ...
Cristallini Caterina - - 2011
Over the past decade, a large number of strategies and technologies have been developed to reduce heart failure progression. Among these, cardiac tissue engineering is one of the most promising. Aim of this study is to develop a 3D scaffold to treat cardiac failure. A new three-block copolymer, obtained from ...
Visser Marlieke - - 2011
In shock, organ perfusion is of vital importance because organ oxygenation is at risk. NO, the main endothelial-derived vasodilator, is crucial for organ perfusion and coronary patency. The availability of NO might depend on the balance between a substrate (arginine) and an inhibitor (asymmetric dimethylarginine; ADMA) of NO synthase. Therefore, ...
Imamura Takashi - - 2011
Isolated levocardia (IL) is a rare type of situs inversus in which the heart is in the normal left-side position, but the abdominal viscera are in the dextroposition. Polysplenia is a congenital disorder affecting the asymmetric organs, including the heart, lungs, bronchi, liver, stomach, intestines, and spleen. In this report, ...
Anderson Robert H - - 2011
On the basis of both developmental and morphological evidence, we would suggest that a ventricle is best defined as any chamber within the ventricular mass possessing an apical trabecular component. Such ventricles can be of right or left morphology, and always coexist. The ventricles are normally formed when possessing all ...
Ruiz Caballero J A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyze, through echocardiography, the structure and functional cardiac profile of national category Spanish soccer referees. The sample consisted of 54 licensed referees, who belonged to the Football Inter-Insular Federation of Las Palmas. The sample presented a mean age of 28.52±6.39 years, a height ...
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