Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1297
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Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) may improve cardiac performance, decrease the incidence of recurrent ischemia, and improve survival. Although there have been several reports concerning circulatory maintenance with the IABC, response of the autonomic nervous system to these hemodynamic changes is not clear. ...
Nonaka Akiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery after exercise is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical determinants of heart rate recovery. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 114 consecutive male patients who underwent exercise myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography and ...
Barone Lucy - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent data suggest that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can inhibit cytokine release by inflammatory cells. Accordingly, an association between impaired cardiac parasympathetic function, as assessed by heart rate variability (HRV), and increased markers of inflammation has recently been reported. In this study we assessed the effect of direct left ...
Kurpesa MaƂgorzata - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The application of heart rate turbulence (HRT) analysis for risk assessment after pharmacologically treated myocardial infarction (MI) was described in 1999. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the dynamics of HRT changes in long-term observation after MI treated with primary coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Moreover, the usefulness ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various indexes of 24-hour heart rate variability (HRV) have been able to predict all-cause mortality after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but their value in predicting specific modes of cardiac death has been limited. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of two novel spectral ...
Arzeno Natalia M NM Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2007
Linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate variability (HRV) have been shown to predict mortality in congestive heart failure (CHF). However, most nonlinear indices describe only the fractality or complexity of HRV but not the intrinsic chaotic properties. In the present study, we performed linear (time- and frequency-domain), complexity (sample ...
Stout C William - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Young athletes may die suddenly when they are struck in the chest (commotio cordis). Proposed mechanisms of sudden death in commotio cordis include hypervagatonia and activation of the sympathetic nervous system. In an experimental model of commotio cordis, the importance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system in the ...
Ondocin Philip T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease mortality among patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) exceeds that which is predicted by traditional risk factors. Sudden death accounts for up to 15-38% of patients with ESRD found dead at home. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a reliable measure of autonomic modulation and has a ...
Vinik Aaron I - - 2006
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy increases morbidity and mortality, and reduces quality of life and activities of daily living of the patients with diabetes. The reduced cardiovascular autonomic function as measured by heart rate variability is strongly associated with an increased risk of silent myocardial ischemia and mortality. Currently, no specific therapeutic ...
Paton Julian F R - - 2006
1. The purpose of the present review is to highlight the pattern of activity in the parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves innervating the heart during their reflex activation. 2. We describe the well-known reciprocal control of cardiac vagal and sympathetic activity during the baroreceptor reflex, but point out that this appears ...
Bär Karl-Jürgen - - 2007
Decreased vagal activity has been described in acute schizophrenia and might be associated with altered cardiovascular regulation and increased cardiac mortality. The aim of this study was to assess baroreflex sensitivity in the context of psychopathology. Twenty-one acute, psychotic, unmedicated patients with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia were investigated after ...
Hasan Wohaib W Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas 66160, USA. - - 2006
Sympathetic hyperinnervation occurs in human ventricular tissue after myocardial infarction and may contribute to arrhythmias. Aberrant sympathetic sprouting is associated with elevated nerve growth factor (NGF) in many contexts, including ventricular hyperinnervation. However, it is unclear whether cardiomyocytes or other cell types are responsible for increased NGF synthesis. In this ...
Morbiducci Umberto - - 2007
We present an optical non-contact method for heart beat monitoring, based on the measurement of chest wall movements induced by the pumping action of the heart, which is eligible as a surrogate of electrocardiogram (ECG) in assessing both cardiac rate and heart rate variability (HRV). The method is based on ...
Kawada Toru - - 2007
Although hypothermia is one of the most powerful modulators that can reduce ischemic injury, the effects of hypothermia on the function of the cardiac autonomic nerves in vivo are not well understood. We examined the effects of hypothermia on the myocardial interstitial norepinephrine (NE) and ACh releases in response to ...
Coruzzi Paolo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are characterized by deranged cardiovascular variability, a well-established marker of cardiovascular risk. While long-term treatment with continuous positive airway pressure leads to a significant improvement of cardiovascular variability, little is known of the possibility of achieving the same results with other therapeutic approaches. ...
Raffel David M - - 2006
Scintigraphic imaging with (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) has demonstrated extensive losses of cardiac sympathetic neurons in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). In contrast, normal cardiac innervation has been observed in (123)I-MIBG studies of multiple-system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Consequently, it has been hypothesized that cardiac denervation can be used to ...
Kon Hisashi - - 2006
Several studies have suggested that an increased high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level is a strong independent predictor of increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) has also been reported to predict cardiovascular events such as sudden death and myocardial infarction in apparently healthy ...
Anselme Frédéric - - 2007
Both increase in cardiac arrhythmia incidence and decrease in heart rate variability (HRV) have been described following human and experimental animal exposures to air pollutants. However, the potential causal relationship between these two factors remains unclear. Incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and HRV were evaluated during and after a 3 h ...
Lau Stephan - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a marker of autonomous activity in the heart. An important application of HRV measures is the stratification of mortality risk after myocardial infarction. Our hypothesis is that the information entropy of HRV, a non-linear approach, is a suitable measure for this assessment. As a first ...
Sajadieh A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Increased C-reactive protein (CRP) and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) both indicate poor prognosis. An inverse association between HRV and CRP has been reported, suggesting an interaction between inflammatory and autonomic systems. However, the prognostic impact of this interaction has not been studied. We thus investigated the prognostic impact ...
Maestri Roberto - - 2006
We assessed the clinical correlates of a comprehensive set of non-linear heart rate variability (HRV) indices computed from 24-h Holter recordings for 200 stable chronic heart failure (CHF) patients [median age (lower quartile, upper quartile) 54 (47, 58) years, LVEF 23% (19%, 28%)]. A total of 19 non-linear indices belonging ...
Pecyna M B - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects periodic changes taking place in heart rhythm, which are controlled by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and external factors. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between HRV and the level of intelligence using the Raven Advanced Matrices Test in 95 ...
Kristen Arnt V - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In congestive heart failure (CHF), an activation of the cardiac sympathetic nervous system results in depleted cardiac norepinephrine (NE) stores. The underlying regulatory mechanisms are discussed controversially and were investigated in the present study in CHF resulting from volume overload. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aorto-caval shunt (AVS) was performed in ...
Chen Lan S - - 2007
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery diseases and myocardial infarction (MI). There is a circadian variation of the frequency of SCD. Beta-blocker therapy significantly reduces the incidence of SCD after MI. These clinical observations suggest a close association between ...
Hombach Vinzenz - - 2006
Structural heart disease, electrical instability, and increased sympathetic activity can generate a number of specific and nonspecific ECG changes and arrhythmias in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). This review describes direct alterations of the P-QRS-T complex and ECG-derived parameters in CHF, together with the significance of cardiac arrhythmias, markers ...
Sandercock Gavin Richard H - - 2006
Classic risk factors for mortality due to chronic heart failure (CHF), such as low left ventricular ejection fraction, NYHA functional stage, and increased heart rate perform well in the prediction of death from pump failure. The prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains somewhat problematic. Numerous studies have analyzed the ...
Baumert Mathias - - 2006
Scaling analysis of heart rate time series has emerged as a useful tool for the assessment of autonomic cardiac control. We investigate the heart rate time series of ten athletes (five males and five females), by applying detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). High resolution ECGs are recorded under standardized resting conditions ...
Delahaye Nicolas - - 2006
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a rare and severe hereditary form of amyloidosis, due to the deposition of a genetic variant transthyretin essentially produced by the liver, and characterized by both sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy. Liver transplantation (LT) is the most effective treatment to stop the progression of the disease. ...
Marthol Harald - - 2006
Sleep bruxism, an oral parafunction including teeth clenching and grinding, might be related to increased stress. To evaluate sympathetic cardiac activity in bruxism patients, we monitored cardiac autonomic modulation using spectral analysis of heart rate variability and compared results to those of age-matched healthy volunteers. In bruxism patients, sympathetic cardiac ...
Cotter P A - - 2006
We compared electrocardiographic signals in hatchery-reared, non-spinally-transected, immature rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) under clove oil (25 ppm), tricaine methanesulfonate (tricaine, 60 ppm), and benzocaine (108 ppm) general anesthesia (35 min, 14 degrees C). For all 3 anesthetics, the mean heart rate (HR) and QRS amplitude did not differ, and ...
Diaz Alberto - - 2006
In mammalian ventricles including humans, it is recognized that parasympathetic ganglia innervate the heart. Little is known about the location and function of right ventricular parasympathetic nerves in humans. We hypothesized that in humans: (1) there are parasympathetic ganglia that supply the right ventricle that can be stimulated via an ...
Morris John A JA - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Measurements of a patient's physiologic reserve (age, injury severity, admission lactic acidosis, transfusion requirements, and coagulopathy) reflect robustness of response to surgical insult. We have previously shown that cardiac uncoupling (reduced heart rate variability, HRV) in the first 24 hours after injury correlates with mortality and autonomic nervous system ...
Bauer Axel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased vagal activity after myocardial infarction results in reduced heart-rate variability and increased risk of death. To distinguish between vagal and sympathetic factors that affect heart-rate variability, we used a signal-processing algorithm to separately characterise deceleration and acceleration of heart rate. We postulated that diminished deceleration-related modulation of heart ...
Ugur Bakiye - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to use estimates of corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) and heart rate variability (HRV) to assess the effects of sevoflurane, an inhalation agent used frequently in clinical practice, on autonomic cardiac function. This study was conducted prospectively and in a blind manner on 20 women ...
Alter Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to reflect disturbances of the autonomic nervous system that is related to increased cardiovascular mortality. Most studies investigated HRV in patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction due to remote myocardial infarction or dilated cardiomyopathy. To date, only few data are available ...
Burr Robert L RL Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle 98195-7266, USA. - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) indices based on 24-hr electrocardiograph recordings have been used in clinical research studies to assess the aggregate activity of the autonomic nervous system. Although 24-hr HRV is generally considered noninvasive, use in research protocols typically involves considerable data collection and processing expenses and substantial participant burden. ...
Meyer M - - 2006
The dynamics of heartbeat interval fluctuations were studied in awake unrestrained mice following intracerebroventricular application of the neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). The cardiac time series derived from telemetric ECG monitoring were analyzed by non-parametric techniques of nonlinear signal processing: delay-vector variance (DVV) analysis, higher-order variability (HOV) analysis, empirical mode decomposition ...
Papaioannou Vasilios E - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate longitudinally over time heart rate dynamics and relation with mortality and organ dysfunction alterations in patients admitted to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit. METHODS: Data from 53 patients were used, with heart rate recorded from monitors and analyzed on a daily basis (every morning) for 600 seconds ...
Mitsui Jun - - 2006
Decreased cardiac uptake in (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy has been adopted as one of the most reliable diagnostic tests for Parkinson disease (PD) in Japan. To investigate the morphological basis for this finding, we performed a detailed neuropathological study of the cardiac sympathetic nervous system of a 71-year-old autopsy-proven PD patient, ...
Alvarenga Marlies E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The risk of adverse clinical cardiac events is increased in patients with panic disorder (PD). We evaluated possible mechanistic links between PD and heart disease. We estimated cardiac vagal activity from heart rate variability (HRV) measurements and quantified sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity using plasma noradrenaline tracer kinetics methodology. ...
Sassi Roberto - - 2006
Analysing the Holter recordings collected at baseline during the European Myocardial Infarction Amiodarone Trial (EMIAT), we evaluate the possibility of using alpha, the slope of the power spectrum of heart rate variability signals (HRV) in the vicinity of f = 0, for postinfarction risk stratification. We found no relevant difference ...
Thakre Tushar P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is known to be impaired in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Time-domain analysis of ECG signals traditionally relies heavily on linear indices of an essentially non-linear phenomenon. Poincaré plots are commonly used to study non-linear behavior of physiologic signals. Lagged Poincaré plots incorporate autocovariance ...
Godleski John J - - 2006
This article focuses on responses to ambient particles by the heart. Available data from human studies and animal studies are reviewed in an attempt to find a common understanding in the findings. The pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for these health effects are likely to be complex, and it is highly probable ...
Finkelstein Jason S - - 2006
Although autonomic dysfunction is a common manifestation of Guillain-Barré syndrome, cardiovascular involvement in this setting has rarely been reported in the literature. We describe a case of reversible left ventricular systolic dysfunction in a 60-year-old man with Guillain-Barré syndrome. Our patient had no history or signs of cardiac dysfunction on ...
Wu G Q GQ Dept. of Mech. & Eng. Sci., Fudan Univ., Shanghai. - - 2006
Circadian rhythms of heart rate variability have been widely studied in recent years. However, most previous reports described such rhythms in terms of normalized units of the low- and high-frequency (LF and HF) spectral components. In this study, we analyzed circadian rhythms of spectral components in absolute units and found ...
Signorini M G MG Dept. of Bioeng., Politecnico di Milano, Milan, - - 2006
The purpose of this work is to characterize the heart rate variability (HRV) of patients affected by congestive heart failure (CHF) and to find out the main difference between this pathological condition and the physiological state. Parameters adopted in this work are: the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) and the Higuchi ...
Lanza G A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with unstable angina. DESIGN: Multicentre prospective study. SETTING: 17 cardiological centres in Italy. PATIENTS: 543 consecutive patients with unstable angina and preserved left ventricular function (ejection fraction >or=40%) enrolled in the SPAI (Stratificazione ...
Kreusser Michael M - - 2006
An impairment of cardiac norepinephrine reuptake through the neuronal norepinephrine transporter promotes depletion of cardiac norepinephrine stores and local cardiac sympathetic activation in heart failure. Nerve growth factor regulates differentiation and survival of adult sympathetic cells and is decreased in failing hearts. We hypothesized that injection of nerve growth factor ...
Zang Wei-Jin - - 2005
Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of mammalian heart, and it is divided into the sympathetic and parasympathetic (vagal) subsystems. The parasympathetic (vagal) control of the atria involves modulation of chronotropic, dromotropic and inotropic activities, but the role of the parasympathetic innervation of the ventricles is ...
Sugiura Masato - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The status of cardiac sympathetic nerve activity in patients with diastolic heart failure has not been fully understood. 123-I-metaiodobenzylguanidine cardiac images are valuable for evaluating cardiac sympathetic nerve activity. METHODS: We obtained 123-I-metaiodobenzylguanidine cardiac images from 34 consecutive patients with moderate heart failure and an ejection fraction of > ...
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