Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1331
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Vanoli Emilio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Unexpected sudden death among apparently healthy individuals remains a daunting problem. We have previously shown that autonomic modulation of cardiac arrhythmias and autonomic markers, such as baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and heart rate variability (HRV), carry predictive power after myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that a parameter combining ...
Verberne Hein J - - 2008
There is lack of validation and standardisation of acquisition parameters for myocardial (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). This lack of standardisation hampers large scale implementation of (123)I-MIBG parameters in the evaluation of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). In a retrospective multi-centre study (123)I-MIBG planar scintigrams obtained on 290 CHF patients (82% male; ...
Barton David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists linking major depressive disorder (MDD) with clinical cardiovascular events. The importance of the sympathetic nervous system in the generation of cardiac risk in other contexts is established. OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of the sympathetic nervous system in the generation of cardiac risk in patients with major ...
Malfatto Gabriella - - 2007
In this retrospective analysis, we investigated the influence of aetiology on autonomic modulation and reverse ventricular remodelling induced by beta-blockade in heart failure. Twenty-three heart failure patients without comorbidities (mean age 61 +/- 4 years, New York Heart Association class 3.1 +/- 0.1, treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics) ...
Uemura Kazunori - - 2007
Vagal nerve stimulation has been suggested to ameliorate left ventricular (LV) remodeling in heart failure. However, it is not known whether and to what degree vagal nerve stimulation affects matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP) in myocardium, which are known to play crucial roles in LV remodeling. ...
Sandercock Gavin - - 2007
HRV (heart rate variability) is a non-invasive maker of cardiac autonomic modulation utilized in many hundreds of scientific studies each year. The reliability of heart rate variability has been frequently investigated yet remains poorly quantified. Assessing the reliability of a measure that assesses dynamic physiological processes and shows large between- ...
Orimo Satoshi - - 2007
Decreased cardiac uptake of meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) has been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and pure autonomic failure (PAF). This imaging approach is a sensitive diagnostic tool that possibly differentiates PD and DLB from other movement disorders and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We recently reported ...
Pinna Gian Domenico - - 2007
Despite its extensive use in physiological and clinical research, the analysis of HRV (heart rate variability) is still poorly supported by rigorous reliability studies. The main aim of the present study was to perform an in-depth assessment of absolute and relative reliability of standard indexes of HRV from short-term laboratory ...
Avsar Alaettin - - 2007
Obese subjects are more prone to sudden deaths and arrhythmias than non-obese subjects. Heart rate turbulence (HRT) impairment reflects cardiac autonomic dysfunction, in particular impaired baroreflex sensitivity and reduced parasympathetic activity. Our aim was to evaluate the cardiac autonomic function in obesity by the HRT method. Ninety obese subjects and ...
Bär Karl-Jürgen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular mortality is significantly increased in patients suffering from schizophrenia. The mechanisms currently discussed contain unhealthy lifestyle with obesity and smoking, increased incidence of diabetes, adverse pro-arrhythmic effects of antipsychotic medication and altered autonomic function. It is therefore likely that the adaptation of the heart rate to different requirements ...
Moak Jeffrey P - - 2007
Power spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to indicate cardiac autonomic function. High-frequency power relates to respiratory sinus arrhythmia and therefore to parasympathetic cardiovagal tone; however, the relationship of low-frequency (LF) power to cardiac sympathetic innervation and function has been controversial. Alternatively, LF power might reflect ...
Madsen Trine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between low-grade inflammation and autonomic dysfunction, both of which may be risk markers for sudden cardiac death. METHODS: A total of 269 subjects referred for elective coronary angiography because of clinically suspected coronary heart disease were included in the ...
Smith Laura S - - 2007
Heart rate responses of 84 near-term fetuses to recorded female voices were examined in 166 trials of auditory stimulation. Each fetus was presented with a 2-min recording of their mother's voice and a 2-min recording of a female stranger's voice, in counterbalanced order, with a 10-min rest period between trials. ...
Liang Chang-seng - - 2007
Increased cardiac release of norepinephrine (NE) and depleted cardiac stores of NE are two salient features of the human failing heart. Researches from my laboratory have shown that these changes are accompanied by a functional defect of NE uptake in the cardiac sympathetic nerve terminals. Our studies have shown that ...
Chen Kang-Yin - - 2008
Heart failure (HF) is a major and growing public health problem in the world. About 50% of deaths in HF occur suddenly due to malignant arrhythmia. Therefore, exploring the further mechanisms of chronic HF and finding new therapy targets are essential for the progression of HF treatment. Recently, some published ...
Cugini Pietro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The scope of this study is to detect whether or not the entropy (E) circadian rhythm (CR) is maintained preserved in sinusal R-R intervals (SRRI), its loss being the expression of a transition to an indeterministic chaos in heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: The E of SRRI was estimated ...
Yildirim Aydin - - 2007
Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is an important complication of acute transmural myocardial infarction (MI) that bears great clinical significance because of high mortality. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is extensively used to evaluate autonomic modulation of sinus node and to identify patients at risk for an increased cardiac mortality. In ...
Spiegel Jörg - - 2007
In idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), different clinical subtypes are distinguished due to predominant motor symptoms: a tremor-dominant type (TDT), an akinetic rigid type (ART), and a mixed type (MT). We compared myocardial sympathetic innervation, measured by MIBG scintigraphy, in different subtypes of PD at early and advanced stages of PD. ...
Carney Robert M RM Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2007
Depression is associated with an increased risk for cardiac morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation, proinflammatory processes, and procoagulant processes have been suggested as possible explanations. Heart rate variability (HRV), an indicator of cardiac autonomic regulation, and markers of inflammation ...
Chattipakorn Nipon - - 2007
The need to refine the identification of patients who might benefit from implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator has been risen by the results of many clinical trials on ICD therapy. Traditional parameters such as left ventricular ejection fraction and the presence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia were not strong enough ...
Psychari Stavroula N - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation has a major role in atherosclerosis and the acute phase C-reactive protein (CRP) is elevated after acute myocardial infarction. Inflammation is also implicated in autonomic nervous system control. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as a marker of abnormal autonomic activity after myocardial infarction. Our purpose was ...
Sugiura Toshifumi - - 2007
Preliminary experiments were carried out to investigate the feasibility of using an electroencephalogram and heart rates to evaluate the efficacy of finger acupressure on the key points of planta pedis (both soles). Continuous electroencephalograms were recorded from 19 electrodes based on the International 10-20 electrode placement system on 22 university ...
Melek Ismet M - - 2007
The clinical symptoms of migraine are widely accepted to be related to the involvement of the autonomic nervous system, and especially to dysfunction in the regulation of the circulatory system and autonomic balance. Disturbance of the autonomic nervous system is a primary characteristic of migraine Therefore, patients with migraine have ...
Sandercock Gavin R H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In coronary artery disease (CAD) and following myocardial infarction (MI), activity of the autonomic nervous system is altered. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is a risk factor for future cardiac event. Studies reporting changes in HRV post-cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are heterogeneous, due possibly to varied data collection and analysis ...
Takei Yasuyoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of acute hyperglycemia (AHG) during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) on coronary microvascular function was evaluated, as well as the associations among the changes in coronary microvascular function, oxidative stress, and sympathetic tone. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and OGTT were performed in 24 subjects ...
Nevruz Oral - - 2007
Acute leukemia is one of the leading malignancies worldwide. Although neuropathy was reported as one of the complications of leukemia, there is a little data about the autonomic involvement. This study was designed to investigate the cardiac autonomic disturbances in acute leukemias by using time-domain indices of heart rate variability ...
Karakurt Cemşit - - 2007
The aim of our study is to evaluate the prognostic value of heart rate turbulence and heart rate variability in children with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Twenty-five children with DCM and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy children who were admitted between January 2002 and September 2004, enrolled in this prospective study ...
Hattori Ayako - - 2007
West syndrome (WS) is a generalized epileptic syndrome of infancy and early childhood with various etiologies, and consists of a triad of infantile spasm, arrest or regress of psychomotor development and specific electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern of hypsarrhythmia. WS had been believed to be refractory, but recent evidence supports effectiveness of ...
Kalisnik Jurij-Matija - - 2007
Reduced cardiac vagal modulation increases propensity to arrhythmias. Right decubitus position is a vagal enhancer in coronary and congestive heart disease. We evaluated vagal modulation before and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in 30 patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) indexes in frequency domain were calculated from 10-min digital electrocardiograms. ...
Di Franco Manuela - - 2007
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by vascular damage and interstizial fibrosis of many organs. Our interest was focused on the evaluation of cardiac autonomic function by measurements of heart rate variability (HRV) and microvascular damage detected by nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) in SSc patients. We examined 25 ...
Camacho Valle - - 2007
The sympathetic nervous system has great influence on cardiovascular physiology, and the importance of cardiac innervation abnormalities in the physiopathology of various cardiac diseases has been emphasized. Cardiac neurotransmission imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) allows in vivo assessment of the myocardial nervous system. At present, the most commonly ...
Rufa Alessandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited systemic microangiopathy with prevalently cerebral manifestations. Among the causes of death, sudden unexpected death seems to occur in a significant number of CADASIL patients. Because potential causes of sudden unexpected death may include cardiac ...
Debono Miguel - - 2007
Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy (CAN) is one of the least understood of all serious complications of diabetes. Besides increasing mortality, CAN may have various clinical sequelae including exercise intolerance, arrhythmias and painless myocardial infarction. But does it also cause left ventricular dysfunction? Patients with diabetes have a greater risk of developing ...
Leineweber Kirsten - - 2007
In acute myocardial ischemia and in chronic heart failure, sympathetic activation with excessive norepinephrine (NE) release from and reduced NE reuptake into sympathetic nerve endings is a prominent cause of arrhythmias and cardiac dysfunction. The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 is the predominant isoform in the heart. It contributes to cellular acid-base ...
Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) may improve cardiac performance, decrease the incidence of recurrent ischemia, and improve survival. Although there have been several reports concerning circulatory maintenance with the IABC, response of the autonomic nervous system to these hemodynamic changes is not clear. ...
Nonaka Akiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery after exercise is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical determinants of heart rate recovery. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 114 consecutive male patients who underwent exercise myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography and ...
Barone Lucy - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent data suggest that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can inhibit cytokine release by inflammatory cells. Accordingly, an association between impaired cardiac parasympathetic function, as assessed by heart rate variability (HRV), and increased markers of inflammation has recently been reported. In this study we assessed the effect of direct left ...
Kurpesa Małgorzata - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The application of heart rate turbulence (HRT) analysis for risk assessment after pharmacologically treated myocardial infarction (MI) was described in 1999. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the dynamics of HRT changes in long-term observation after MI treated with primary coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Moreover, the usefulness ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various indexes of 24-hour heart rate variability (HRV) have been able to predict all-cause mortality after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but their value in predicting specific modes of cardiac death has been limited. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of two novel spectral ...
Arzeno Natalia M NM Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2007
Linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate variability (HRV) have been shown to predict mortality in congestive heart failure (CHF). However, most nonlinear indices describe only the fractality or complexity of HRV but not the intrinsic chaotic properties. In the present study, we performed linear (time- and frequency-domain), complexity (sample ...
Stout C William - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Young athletes may die suddenly when they are struck in the chest (commotio cordis). Proposed mechanisms of sudden death in commotio cordis include hypervagatonia and activation of the sympathetic nervous system. In an experimental model of commotio cordis, the importance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system in the ...
Ondocin Philip T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease mortality among patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) exceeds that which is predicted by traditional risk factors. Sudden death accounts for up to 15-38% of patients with ESRD found dead at home. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a reliable measure of autonomic modulation and has a ...
Vinik Aaron I - - 2006
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy increases morbidity and mortality, and reduces quality of life and activities of daily living of the patients with diabetes. The reduced cardiovascular autonomic function as measured by heart rate variability is strongly associated with an increased risk of silent myocardial ischemia and mortality. Currently, no specific therapeutic ...
Paton Julian F R - - 2006
1. The purpose of the present review is to highlight the pattern of activity in the parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves innervating the heart during their reflex activation. 2. We describe the well-known reciprocal control of cardiac vagal and sympathetic activity during the baroreceptor reflex, but point out that this appears ...
Bär Karl-Jürgen - - 2007
Decreased vagal activity has been described in acute schizophrenia and might be associated with altered cardiovascular regulation and increased cardiac mortality. The aim of this study was to assess baroreflex sensitivity in the context of psychopathology. Twenty-one acute, psychotic, unmedicated patients with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia were investigated after ...
Hasan Wohaib W Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas 66160, USA. - - 2006
Sympathetic hyperinnervation occurs in human ventricular tissue after myocardial infarction and may contribute to arrhythmias. Aberrant sympathetic sprouting is associated with elevated nerve growth factor (NGF) in many contexts, including ventricular hyperinnervation. However, it is unclear whether cardiomyocytes or other cell types are responsible for increased NGF synthesis. In this ...
Morbiducci Umberto - - 2007
We present an optical non-contact method for heart beat monitoring, based on the measurement of chest wall movements induced by the pumping action of the heart, which is eligible as a surrogate of electrocardiogram (ECG) in assessing both cardiac rate and heart rate variability (HRV). The method is based on ...
Kawada Toru - - 2007
Although hypothermia is one of the most powerful modulators that can reduce ischemic injury, the effects of hypothermia on the function of the cardiac autonomic nerves in vivo are not well understood. We examined the effects of hypothermia on the myocardial interstitial norepinephrine (NE) and ACh releases in response to ...
Coruzzi Paolo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are characterized by deranged cardiovascular variability, a well-established marker of cardiovascular risk. While long-term treatment with continuous positive airway pressure leads to a significant improvement of cardiovascular variability, little is known of the possibility of achieving the same results with other therapeutic approaches. ...
Raffel David M - - 2006
Scintigraphic imaging with (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) has demonstrated extensive losses of cardiac sympathetic neurons in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). In contrast, normal cardiac innervation has been observed in (123)I-MIBG studies of multiple-system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Consequently, it has been hypothesized that cardiac denervation can be used to ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >