Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1267
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Diaz Alberto - - 2006
In mammalian ventricles including humans, it is recognized that parasympathetic ganglia innervate the heart. Little is known about the location and function of right ventricular parasympathetic nerves in humans. We hypothesized that in humans: (1) there are parasympathetic ganglia that supply the right ventricle that can be stimulated via an ...
Morris John A JA - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Measurements of a patient's physiologic reserve (age, injury severity, admission lactic acidosis, transfusion requirements, and coagulopathy) reflect robustness of response to surgical insult. We have previously shown that cardiac uncoupling (reduced heart rate variability, HRV) in the first 24 hours after injury correlates with mortality and autonomic nervous system ...
Bauer Axel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased vagal activity after myocardial infarction results in reduced heart-rate variability and increased risk of death. To distinguish between vagal and sympathetic factors that affect heart-rate variability, we used a signal-processing algorithm to separately characterise deceleration and acceleration of heart rate. We postulated that diminished deceleration-related modulation of heart ...
Ugur Bakiye - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to use estimates of corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) and heart rate variability (HRV) to assess the effects of sevoflurane, an inhalation agent used frequently in clinical practice, on autonomic cardiac function. This study was conducted prospectively and in a blind manner on 20 women ...
Alter Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to reflect disturbances of the autonomic nervous system that is related to increased cardiovascular mortality. Most studies investigated HRV in patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction due to remote myocardial infarction or dilated cardiomyopathy. To date, only few data are available ...
Burr Robert L - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) indices based on 24-hr electrocardiograph recordings have been used in clinical research studies to assess the aggregate activity of the autonomic nervous system. Although 24-hr HRV is generally considered noninvasive, use in research protocols typically involves considerable data collection and processing expenses and substantial participant burden. ...
Meyer M - - 2006
The dynamics of heartbeat interval fluctuations were studied in awake unrestrained mice following intracerebroventricular application of the neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). The cardiac time series derived from telemetric ECG monitoring were analyzed by non-parametric techniques of nonlinear signal processing: delay-vector variance (DVV) analysis, higher-order variability (HOV) analysis, empirical mode decomposition ...
Papaioannou Vasilios E - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate longitudinally over time heart rate dynamics and relation with mortality and organ dysfunction alterations in patients admitted to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit. METHODS: Data from 53 patients were used, with heart rate recorded from monitors and analyzed on a daily basis (every morning) for 600 seconds ...
Mitsui Jun - - 2006
Decreased cardiac uptake in (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy has been adopted as one of the most reliable diagnostic tests for Parkinson disease (PD) in Japan. To investigate the morphological basis for this finding, we performed a detailed neuropathological study of the cardiac sympathetic nervous system of a 71-year-old autopsy-proven PD patient, ...
Wu G Q - - 2006
Circadian rhythms of heart rate variability have been widely studied in recent years. However, most previous reports described such rhythms in terms of normalized units of the low- and high-frequency (LF and HF) spectral components. In this study, we analyzed circadian rhythms of spectral components in absolute units and found ...
Alvarenga Marlies E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The risk of adverse clinical cardiac events is increased in patients with panic disorder (PD). We evaluated possible mechanistic links between PD and heart disease. We estimated cardiac vagal activity from heart rate variability (HRV) measurements and quantified sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity using plasma noradrenaline tracer kinetics methodology. ...
Signorini M G - - 2006
The purpose of this work is to characterize the heart rate variability (HRV) of patients affected by congestive heart failure (CHF) and to find out the main difference between this pathological condition and the physiological state. Parameters adopted in this work are: the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) and the Higuchi ...
Sassi Roberto - - 2006
Analysing the Holter recordings collected at baseline during the European Myocardial Infarction Amiodarone Trial (EMIAT), we evaluate the possibility of using alpha, the slope of the power spectrum of heart rate variability signals (HRV) in the vicinity of f = 0, for postinfarction risk stratification. We found no relevant difference ...
Thakre Tushar P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is known to be impaired in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Time-domain analysis of ECG signals traditionally relies heavily on linear indices of an essentially non-linear phenomenon. Poincaré plots are commonly used to study non-linear behavior of physiologic signals. Lagged Poincaré plots incorporate autocovariance ...
Godleski John J - - 2006
This article focuses on responses to ambient particles by the heart. Available data from human studies and animal studies are reviewed in an attempt to find a common understanding in the findings. The pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for these health effects are likely to be complex, and it is highly probable ...
Finkelstein Jason S - - 2006
Although autonomic dysfunction is a common manifestation of Guillain-Barré syndrome, cardiovascular involvement in this setting has rarely been reported in the literature. We describe a case of reversible left ventricular systolic dysfunction in a 60-year-old man with Guillain-Barré syndrome. Our patient had no history or signs of cardiac dysfunction on ...
Lanza G A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with unstable angina. DESIGN: Multicentre prospective study. SETTING: 17 cardiological centres in Italy. PATIENTS: 543 consecutive patients with unstable angina and preserved left ventricular function (ejection fraction >or=40%) enrolled in the SPAI (Stratificazione ...
Kreusser Michael M - - 2006
An impairment of cardiac norepinephrine reuptake through the neuronal norepinephrine transporter promotes depletion of cardiac norepinephrine stores and local cardiac sympathetic activation in heart failure. Nerve growth factor regulates differentiation and survival of adult sympathetic cells and is decreased in failing hearts. We hypothesized that injection of nerve growth factor ...
Zang Wei-Jin - - 2005
Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of mammalian heart, and it is divided into the sympathetic and parasympathetic (vagal) subsystems. The parasympathetic (vagal) control of the atria involves modulation of chronotropic, dromotropic and inotropic activities, but the role of the parasympathetic innervation of the ventricles is ...
Sugiura Masato - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The status of cardiac sympathetic nerve activity in patients with diastolic heart failure has not been fully understood. 123-I-metaiodobenzylguanidine cardiac images are valuable for evaluating cardiac sympathetic nerve activity. METHODS: We obtained 123-I-metaiodobenzylguanidine cardiac images from 34 consecutive patients with moderate heart failure and an ejection fraction of > ...
Adamson Philip B - - 2005
Continuous measurement of spontaneous heart rate variability is now possible from permanently implanted devices and may contain information useful in the chronic management of patients with congestive heart failure. Since heart rate variability semi-quantifies autonomic control of the heart, changes noted from continuous measurement provide insight into cardiac control system ...
Cohen-Solal Alain - - 2005
Carvedilol is a beta-blocking agent with antioxidant properties that has been shown to improve survival in chronic heart failure (CHF). Previous open-label studies have suggested that its use may have positive effects on the abnormalities of cardiac sympathetic innervation integrity and functioning. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis ...
Liang Chang-Seng - - 2006
Cardiac sympathetic transmitter stores are reduced in the failing heart. In this study, we proposed to investigate whether the reduction of cardiac sympathetic neurotransmitters was associated with increased interstitial norepinephrine (NE) and reactive oxygen species in congestive heart failure (CHF), using a microdialysis technique and salicylate to detect .OH generation. ...
Longin Elke - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) reveals information on the functional state of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in neonates. During severe illness, heart rate variability is impaired. AIM: This study was initiated to measure the changes in HRV in neonates during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and recovery from severe respiratory ...
Gurses Dolunay - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac complication is one of the major causes of death in patients with thalassaemia major. Heart rate variability is a non-invasive index of neuronal modulation of heart rate. In this study, autonomic functions of the heart in a preclinical stage of heart disease were evaluated in 48 thalassaemic patients ...
Matsui T - - 2005
The impaired balance of the low-frequency/high-frequency ratio obtained from spectral components of RR intervals can be a diagnostic test for sepsis. In addition, it is known that a reduction of heart rate variability (HRV) is useful in identifying septic patients at risk of the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome ...
Suzuki Masahiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Iodine-123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy has been used to evaluate cardiac sympathetic denervation in Lewy body disease (LBD) including Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Patients with LBD had marked reductions in cardiac MIBG accumulation, indicative of severe impairment of the cardiac sympathetic nervous systems. However, ...
Chan H L - - 2005
Spectral analysis of heart rate variability provides a probe to assess the function of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Time-frequency analysis of heart rate variability is useful for investigating autonomic nervous function in patients with syncope or non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, or in anaesthesia, etc. In this paper, we developed ...
Garet Martin - - 2005
PURPOSE: Heart rate variability (HRV) indices are powerful independent prognostic factors of cardiovascular events and all cause mortality in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study evaluates the influence of lifestyle on HRV in CHF patients. METHODS: Thirty-nine CHF patients (33 men, ischemic/dilated cardiomyopathy (18/21), 52.4 +/- 11.2 yr, ...
Anastasiou-Nana Maria I - - 2005
Autonomic nervous system dysfunction is common in congestive heart failure (CHF) and is believed to predispose patients to an increased risk of death. This study aimed to assess the prognostic significance of heart rate variability (HRV) measurements in conjunction with scintigraphic imaging using metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) labeled with iodine-123 (I-123-MIBG), which ...
Kubo Toshihiko - - 2005
We have documented a pre-junctional beta-2 adrenoceptor mediated reduction in cardiac norepinephrine spillover (CNES) in heart failure patients receiving chronic beta-blockade. Our present objective was to ascertain the consequence of this decrease for vagal heart rate (HR) regulation by determining CNES, arterial baroreflex sensitivity for HR (BRS) and arterial baroreflex ...
Guzzetti Stefano - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic and parasympathetic systems are considered the principal rapidly reacting systems that control heart rate. METHODS AND RESULTS: We propose a symbolic analysis series to quantify the prevalence of sympathetic or parasympathetic cardiac modulation. This analysis decomposes the heart rate variability series in patterns lasting 3 beats and classifies ...
Burri Haran - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Studies evaluating changes in HRV preceding the onset of ventricular arrhythmias using conventional techniques have shown inconsistent results. Time-frequency analysis of HRV is traditionally performed using short-term Fourier transform (STFT). Wavelet transform (WT) may however be better suited for analyzing non-stationary signals such as heart rate recordings. METHODS AND ...
Stöllberger Claudia - - 2006
The findings of Kawasaki et al. [T. Kawasaki, A. Azuma, T. Taniguchi, et al. Heart rate variability in adult patients with isolated left ventricular noncompaction. Int J Cardiol 2005;99:147-150.] raise the following questions: why was dilated cardiomyopathy not investigated? How many of the patients with left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT) showed ...
Gehi Anil - - 2005
We examined the association between anemia (hemoglobin < or =12 g/dl) and 6 indexes of heart rate variability (HRV) as measured by 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography in a cross-sectional study of 874 outpatients who had stable coronary heart disease. Of 90 participants who had anemia, 29% to 41% had low HRV, ...
Danson Edward J - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent modulator of cardiac and vascular regulation. Its role in cardiac-autonomic neural signaling has received much attention over the last decade because of the ability of NO to alter cardiac sympathovagal balance to favor more anti-arrhythmic states. Complexity and controversy have arisen, however, because of ...
Milicević Goran - - 2005
Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects an influence of autonomic nervous system on heart work. In healthy subjects, ratio between low and high frequency components (LF/HF ratio) of HRV spectra represents a measure of sympatho-vagal balance. The ratio was defined by the authorities as an useful clinical tool, but it seems ...
Moak Jeffrey P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Upper thoracic sympathectomy is used to treat several disorders. Sympathetic nerve fibers emanating from thoracic ganglia innervate the heart. Whether unilateral or bilateral upper thoracic sympathectomy affects cardiac sympathetic innervation in humans in vivo has been unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether thoracic sympathectomy ...
De Jong Marla J - - 2005
Heart rate is not static, but rather changes continuously in response to physical and mental demands. In fact, an invariant heart rate is associated with disease processes such as heart failure. Heart rate variability analysis is a noninvasive technique used to quantify fluctuations in heart rate. In this article, the ...
Kaye David - - 2005
The documentation of preferential activation of the cardiac sympathetic outflow in patients with heart failure swept aside an entrenched notion that there was a functional sympathetic denervation of the failing heart and provided a theoretical basis for the clinical evaluation of beta-adrenergic blocker therapy in this condition. The demonstration that ...
Carpeggiani Clara - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate personality traits and sympatho-vagal modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) during acute myocardial infarction (AMI), assessing their relationships and their long-term prognostic value. METHODS AND RESULTS: Psychological traits and 24 h HRV were prospectively investigated in 246 patients at discharge of an AMI. Patients were followed-up to ...
Hallstrom Alfred P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value for improving risk stratification of measures, unadjusted and adjusted for heart rate, of heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence (HRT) based on 2- to 24-h ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings; and to relate this to the decision to use an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) and ...
Wu Zhong-Kai - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate variability (HRV) is the most frequently used noninvasive diagnostic method in the assessment of cardiac autonomic control. The clinical relevance of HRV, especially nonlinear HRV in CPB patients has not been well studied. Short brief myocardial ischemia has been reported to influence HRV. We therefore hypothesis that ...
Paton J F R - - 2005
We review the pattern of activity in the parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves innervating the heart. Unlike the conventional textbook picture of reciprocal control of cardiac vagal and sympathetic nervous activity, as seen during a baroreceptor reflex, many other reflexes involve simultaneous co-activation of both autonomic limbs. Indeed, even at 'rest', ...
Chen Lung Chi - - 2005
Long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) has been associated increased risk of death from cardiopulmonary diseases. Cardiac function parameters have also been affected by ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure, including heart-rate variability (HRV), a measure of autonomic function that has been recognized as a well-defined, quantitative indicator of ...
Tuomainen Petri - - 2005
Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence (HRT) are independent predictors of mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). There are no previous studies on the relationship between warm-up phenomenon and cardiac autonomic control in stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the responses in HRV to repeated exercise ...
Bär K J - - 2005
An increased heart rate has been reported in schizophrenia. It is unclear whether this is due to disease-related autonomic nervous system changes or a side effect of antipsychotic medication. Altered cardiac autonomic function might to some extent account for the elevated cardiovascular mortality rate of schizophrenic patients. We assessed heart ...
Janszky I - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that alcohol consumption is positively related to heart rate variability (HRV) in women with coronary heart disease (CHD) and therefore that cardiac autonomic activity is potentially implicated in the mediation of the favourable effects of moderate drinking. Cross sectional study of female patients who survived hospitalisation ...
Malliani Alberto - - 2005
Power spectrum analysis of cardiovascular signal variability, and in particular of the RR period (heart rate variability, HRV), is a widely used methodology for investigating autonomic neural regulation in health and disease that can quantify the sympathovagal balance modulating the sinus node pacemaker. In some cases, it can also quantify ...
Iwasaki Masayoshi - - 2005
To examine the relationship among heart rate turbulence parameters, arterial baroreflex sensitivity, and cardiac sympathetic nerve activity, 15 patients with acute myocardial infarction, presenting with sinus rhythm and > or = 3 ventricular premature beats/24 hr were studied at least 2 weeks after acute myocardial infarction. Turbulence onset (TO) and ...
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