Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1258
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Sandercock Gavin R H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In coronary artery disease (CAD) and following myocardial infarction (MI), activity of the autonomic nervous system is altered. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is a risk factor for future cardiac event. Studies reporting changes in HRV post-cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are heterogeneous, due possibly to varied data collection and analysis ...
Takei Yasuyoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of acute hyperglycemia (AHG) during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) on coronary microvascular function was evaluated, as well as the associations among the changes in coronary microvascular function, oxidative stress, and sympathetic tone. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and OGTT were performed in 24 subjects ...
Nevruz Oral - - 2007
Acute leukemia is one of the leading malignancies worldwide. Although neuropathy was reported as one of the complications of leukemia, there is a little data about the autonomic involvement. This study was designed to investigate the cardiac autonomic disturbances in acute leukemias by using time-domain indices of heart rate variability ...
Karakurt Cemşit - - 2007
The aim of our study is to evaluate the prognostic value of heart rate turbulence and heart rate variability in children with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Twenty-five children with DCM and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy children who were admitted between January 2002 and September 2004, enrolled in this prospective study ...
Hattori Ayako - - 2007
West syndrome (WS) is a generalized epileptic syndrome of infancy and early childhood with various etiologies, and consists of a triad of infantile spasm, arrest or regress of psychomotor development and specific electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern of hypsarrhythmia. WS had been believed to be refractory, but recent evidence supports effectiveness of ...
Kalisnik Jurij-Matija - - 2007
Reduced cardiac vagal modulation increases propensity to arrhythmias. Right decubitus position is a vagal enhancer in coronary and congestive heart disease. We evaluated vagal modulation before and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in 30 patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) indexes in frequency domain were calculated from 10-min digital electrocardiograms. ...
Di Franco Manuela - - 2007
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by vascular damage and interstizial fibrosis of many organs. Our interest was focused on the evaluation of cardiac autonomic function by measurements of heart rate variability (HRV) and microvascular damage detected by nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) in SSc patients. We examined 25 ...
Camacho Valle - - 2007
The sympathetic nervous system has great influence on cardiovascular physiology, and the importance of cardiac innervation abnormalities in the physiopathology of various cardiac diseases has been emphasized. Cardiac neurotransmission imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) allows in vivo assessment of the myocardial nervous system. At present, the most commonly ...
Rufa Alessandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited systemic microangiopathy with prevalently cerebral manifestations. Among the causes of death, sudden unexpected death seems to occur in a significant number of CADASIL patients. Because potential causes of sudden unexpected death may include cardiac ...
Debono Miguel - - 2007
Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy (CAN) is one of the least understood of all serious complications of diabetes. Besides increasing mortality, CAN may have various clinical sequelae including exercise intolerance, arrhythmias and painless myocardial infarction. But does it also cause left ventricular dysfunction? Patients with diabetes have a greater risk of developing ...
Leineweber Kirsten - - 2007
In acute myocardial ischemia and in chronic heart failure, sympathetic activation with excessive norepinephrine (NE) release from and reduced NE reuptake into sympathetic nerve endings is a prominent cause of arrhythmias and cardiac dysfunction. The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 is the predominant isoform in the heart. It contributes to cellular acid-base ...
Arzeno Natalia M - - 2007
Linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate variability (HRV) have been shown to predict mortality in congestive heart failure (CHF). However, most nonlinear indices describe only the fractality or complexity of HRV but not the intrinsic chaotic properties. In the present study, we performed linear (time- and frequency-domain), complexity (sample ...
Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) may improve cardiac performance, decrease the incidence of recurrent ischemia, and improve survival. Although there have been several reports concerning circulatory maintenance with the IABC, response of the autonomic nervous system to these hemodynamic changes is not clear. ...
Nonaka Akiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery after exercise is an independent prognostic indicator for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical determinants of heart rate recovery. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 114 consecutive male patients who underwent exercise myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography and ...
Barone Lucy - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent data suggest that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can inhibit cytokine release by inflammatory cells. Accordingly, an association between impaired cardiac parasympathetic function, as assessed by heart rate variability (HRV), and increased markers of inflammation has recently been reported. In this study we assessed the effect of direct left ...
Kurpesa Małgorzata - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The application of heart rate turbulence (HRT) analysis for risk assessment after pharmacologically treated myocardial infarction (MI) was described in 1999. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the dynamics of HRT changes in long-term observation after MI treated with primary coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Moreover, the usefulness ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various indexes of 24-hour heart rate variability (HRV) have been able to predict all-cause mortality after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but their value in predicting specific modes of cardiac death has been limited. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of two novel spectral ...
Stout C William - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Young athletes may die suddenly when they are struck in the chest (commotio cordis). Proposed mechanisms of sudden death in commotio cordis include hypervagatonia and activation of the sympathetic nervous system. In an experimental model of commotio cordis, the importance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system in the ...
Ondocin Philip T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease mortality among patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) exceeds that which is predicted by traditional risk factors. Sudden death accounts for up to 15-38% of patients with ESRD found dead at home. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a reliable measure of autonomic modulation and has a ...
Vinik Aaron I - - 2006
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy increases morbidity and mortality, and reduces quality of life and activities of daily living of the patients with diabetes. The reduced cardiovascular autonomic function as measured by heart rate variability is strongly associated with an increased risk of silent myocardial ischemia and mortality. Currently, no specific therapeutic ...
Paton Julian F R - - 2006
1. The purpose of the present review is to highlight the pattern of activity in the parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves innervating the heart during their reflex activation. 2. We describe the well-known reciprocal control of cardiac vagal and sympathetic activity during the baroreceptor reflex, but point out that this appears ...
Bär Karl-Jürgen - - 2007
Decreased vagal activity has been described in acute schizophrenia and might be associated with altered cardiovascular regulation and increased cardiac mortality. The aim of this study was to assess baroreflex sensitivity in the context of psychopathology. Twenty-one acute, psychotic, unmedicated patients with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia were investigated after ...
Hasan Wohaib - - 2006
Sympathetic hyperinnervation occurs in human ventricular tissue after myocardial infarction and may contribute to arrhythmias. Aberrant sympathetic sprouting is associated with elevated nerve growth factor (NGF) in many contexts, including ventricular hyperinnervation. However, it is unclear whether cardiomyocytes or other cell types are responsible for increased NGF synthesis. In this ...
Morbiducci Umberto - - 2007
We present an optical non-contact method for heart beat monitoring, based on the measurement of chest wall movements induced by the pumping action of the heart, which is eligible as a surrogate of electrocardiogram (ECG) in assessing both cardiac rate and heart rate variability (HRV). The method is based on ...
Kawada Toru - - 2007
Although hypothermia is one of the most powerful modulators that can reduce ischemic injury, the effects of hypothermia on the function of the cardiac autonomic nerves in vivo are not well understood. We examined the effects of hypothermia on the myocardial interstitial norepinephrine (NE) and ACh releases in response to ...
Coruzzi Paolo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are characterized by deranged cardiovascular variability, a well-established marker of cardiovascular risk. While long-term treatment with continuous positive airway pressure leads to a significant improvement of cardiovascular variability, little is known of the possibility of achieving the same results with other therapeutic approaches. ...
Raffel David M - - 2006
Scintigraphic imaging with (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) has demonstrated extensive losses of cardiac sympathetic neurons in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). In contrast, normal cardiac innervation has been observed in (123)I-MIBG studies of multiple-system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Consequently, it has been hypothesized that cardiac denervation can be used to ...
Kon Hisashi - - 2006
Several studies have suggested that an increased high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level is a strong independent predictor of increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) has also been reported to predict cardiovascular events such as sudden death and myocardial infarction in apparently healthy ...
Anselme Frédéric - - 2007
Both increase in cardiac arrhythmia incidence and decrease in heart rate variability (HRV) have been described following human and experimental animal exposures to air pollutants. However, the potential causal relationship between these two factors remains unclear. Incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and HRV were evaluated during and after a 3 h ...
Lau Stephan - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a marker of autonomous activity in the heart. An important application of HRV measures is the stratification of mortality risk after myocardial infarction. Our hypothesis is that the information entropy of HRV, a non-linear approach, is a suitable measure for this assessment. As a first ...
Sajadieh A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Increased C-reactive protein (CRP) and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) both indicate poor prognosis. An inverse association between HRV and CRP has been reported, suggesting an interaction between inflammatory and autonomic systems. However, the prognostic impact of this interaction has not been studied. We thus investigated the prognostic impact ...
Maestri Roberto - - 2006
We assessed the clinical correlates of a comprehensive set of non-linear heart rate variability (HRV) indices computed from 24-h Holter recordings for 200 stable chronic heart failure (CHF) patients [median age (lower quartile, upper quartile) 54 (47, 58) years, LVEF 23% (19%, 28%)]. A total of 19 non-linear indices belonging ...
Pecyna M B - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects periodic changes taking place in heart rhythm, which are controlled by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and external factors. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between HRV and the level of intelligence using the Raven Advanced Matrices Test in 95 ...
Kristen Arnt V - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In congestive heart failure (CHF), an activation of the cardiac sympathetic nervous system results in depleted cardiac norepinephrine (NE) stores. The underlying regulatory mechanisms are discussed controversially and were investigated in the present study in CHF resulting from volume overload. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aorto-caval shunt (AVS) was performed in ...
Chen Lan S - - 2007
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery diseases and myocardial infarction (MI). There is a circadian variation of the frequency of SCD. Beta-blocker therapy significantly reduces the incidence of SCD after MI. These clinical observations suggest a close association between ...
Hombach Vinzenz - - 2006
Structural heart disease, electrical instability, and increased sympathetic activity can generate a number of specific and nonspecific ECG changes and arrhythmias in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). This review describes direct alterations of the P-QRS-T complex and ECG-derived parameters in CHF, together with the significance of cardiac arrhythmias, markers ...
Sandercock Gavin Richard H - - 2006
Classic risk factors for mortality due to chronic heart failure (CHF), such as low left ventricular ejection fraction, NYHA functional stage, and increased heart rate perform well in the prediction of death from pump failure. The prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains somewhat problematic. Numerous studies have analyzed the ...
Baumert Mathias - - 2006
Scaling analysis of heart rate time series has emerged as a useful tool for the assessment of autonomic cardiac control. We investigate the heart rate time series of ten athletes (five males and five females), by applying detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). High resolution ECGs are recorded under standardized resting conditions ...
Delahaye Nicolas - - 2006
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a rare and severe hereditary form of amyloidosis, due to the deposition of a genetic variant transthyretin essentially produced by the liver, and characterized by both sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy. Liver transplantation (LT) is the most effective treatment to stop the progression of the disease. ...
Marthol Harald - - 2006
Sleep bruxism, an oral parafunction including teeth clenching and grinding, might be related to increased stress. To evaluate sympathetic cardiac activity in bruxism patients, we monitored cardiac autonomic modulation using spectral analysis of heart rate variability and compared results to those of age-matched healthy volunteers. In bruxism patients, sympathetic cardiac ...
Cotter P A - - 2006
We compared electrocardiographic signals in hatchery-reared, non-spinally-transected, immature rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) under clove oil (25 ppm), tricaine methanesulfonate (tricaine, 60 ppm), and benzocaine (108 ppm) general anesthesia (35 min, 14 degrees C). For all 3 anesthetics, the mean heart rate (HR) and QRS amplitude did not differ, and ...
Diaz Alberto - - 2006
In mammalian ventricles including humans, it is recognized that parasympathetic ganglia innervate the heart. Little is known about the location and function of right ventricular parasympathetic nerves in humans. We hypothesized that in humans: (1) there are parasympathetic ganglia that supply the right ventricle that can be stimulated via an ...
Morris John A JA - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Measurements of a patient's physiologic reserve (age, injury severity, admission lactic acidosis, transfusion requirements, and coagulopathy) reflect robustness of response to surgical insult. We have previously shown that cardiac uncoupling (reduced heart rate variability, HRV) in the first 24 hours after injury correlates with mortality and autonomic nervous system ...
Bauer Axel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased vagal activity after myocardial infarction results in reduced heart-rate variability and increased risk of death. To distinguish between vagal and sympathetic factors that affect heart-rate variability, we used a signal-processing algorithm to separately characterise deceleration and acceleration of heart rate. We postulated that diminished deceleration-related modulation of heart ...
Ugur Bakiye - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to use estimates of corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) and heart rate variability (HRV) to assess the effects of sevoflurane, an inhalation agent used frequently in clinical practice, on autonomic cardiac function. This study was conducted prospectively and in a blind manner on 20 women ...
Alter Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to reflect disturbances of the autonomic nervous system that is related to increased cardiovascular mortality. Most studies investigated HRV in patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction due to remote myocardial infarction or dilated cardiomyopathy. To date, only few data are available ...
Burr Robert L - - 2006
Heart rate variability (HRV) indices based on 24-hr electrocardiograph recordings have been used in clinical research studies to assess the aggregate activity of the autonomic nervous system. Although 24-hr HRV is generally considered noninvasive, use in research protocols typically involves considerable data collection and processing expenses and substantial participant burden. ...
Meyer M - - 2006
The dynamics of heartbeat interval fluctuations were studied in awake unrestrained mice following intracerebroventricular application of the neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). The cardiac time series derived from telemetric ECG monitoring were analyzed by non-parametric techniques of nonlinear signal processing: delay-vector variance (DVV) analysis, higher-order variability (HOV) analysis, empirical mode decomposition ...
Papaioannou Vasilios E - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate longitudinally over time heart rate dynamics and relation with mortality and organ dysfunction alterations in patients admitted to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit. METHODS: Data from 53 patients were used, with heart rate recorded from monitors and analyzed on a daily basis (every morning) for 600 seconds ...
Mitsui Jun - - 2006
Decreased cardiac uptake in (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy has been adopted as one of the most reliable diagnostic tests for Parkinson disease (PD) in Japan. To investigate the morphological basis for this finding, we performed a detailed neuropathological study of the cardiac sympathetic nervous system of a 71-year-old autopsy-proven PD patient, ...
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