Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1258
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Ewert T Jarred - - 2008
The neuropeptide galanin is elevated in the cardiac sympathetic innervation after myocardial infarction (MI). Galanin inhibits vagal transmission and may support the regeneration of sympathetic nerves, thereby contributing to the development of arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death after MI. The reason for increased galanin production in sympathetic neurons after myocardial ...
Klingenheben Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive arrhythmia risk stratification in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) using autonomic markers have yielded disappointing results. Heart rate turbulence is a new method to assess cardiac autonomic function. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the predictive value of heart rate turbulence with those of ...
Junqueira Luiz Fernando LF - - 2008
In this report, a brief history of the Valsalva (Valsalva-Weber) maneuver is outlined, followed by an explanation on the use of this approach for the evaluation of cardiac autonomic function based on underlying heart rate changes. The most important methodological and interpretative aspects of the Valsalva-Weber maneuver are critically updated, ...
Mashaly Hazem Antar - - 2008
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) serves as a good model for the study of heart-brain interactions because it is associated with both a high incidence of arrhythmia and a low prevalence of coronary heart disease. The pathophysiology of cardiac abnormalities in SAH is unsettled. Initial theories focused on sustained stimulation of cardiomyocytes ...
Chua K C - - 2008
Heart rate variability (HRV) refers to the regulation of the sinoatrial node, the natural pacemaker of the heart, by the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. Heart rate variability analysis is an important tool to observe the heart's ability to respond to normal regulatory impulses that affect ...
Fellet Andrea L - - 2008
Alterations in autonomic control and myocardial nitric-oxide (NO) production are likely linked to the development and progression of heart dysfunction. By focusing on heart rate, the complexity of the actions of NO at distinct levels throughout the autonomic nervous system and its relationship with other regulators can be demonstrated. Given ...
Giannoglou George D - - 2008
Several epidemiological studies have reported that an elevated heart rate is associated with coronary atherosclerosis independently of other risk factors. In this review we explore the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in the pro-atherosclerotic effect of elevated heart rate, apart from its association with sympathetic tone. An elevated heart rate enhances the ...
Gilman Matthew P - - 2008
Patients with heart failure or OSA (obstructive sleep apnoea) have reduced HF-HRV (high-frequency heart rate variability), indicating reduced cardiac vagal modulation, a marker of poor prognosis. CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) abolishes OSA in patients with heart failure, but effects on daytime HF-HRV have not been determined. We hypothesized that, ...
Oikawa Keiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients with renal failure on hemodialysis cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death. It has been reported that diminished heart rate variability (HRV) relates to the unfavorable prognosis in post-infarction and/or heart failure patients. However, the prognostic value of HRV in hemodialysis patients has not been fully ...
Aso Shin-ichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The autoantibodies stimulate the beta1-adrenoreceptors on cardiac myocytes similar to norepinephrine, and are associated with reduced cardiac function. Iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) is metabolized similarly to norepinephrine. This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between cardiac stimulation by anti-beta1-adrenoreceptor autoantibodies and myocardial sympathetic nervous activity in patients with chronic ...
Verberne Hein J - - 2008
We hypothesized that assessment of myocardial sympathetic activity with no-carrier-added (nca) (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) compared to carrier-added (ca) (123)I-MIBG would lead to an improvement of clinical performance without major differences in radiation dosimetry. In nine healthy volunteers, 15 min and 4 h planar thoracic scintigrams and conjugate whole-body scans were performed ...
Ieda Masaki - - 2008
The heart is extensively innervated, and its performance is tightly regulated by the autonomic nervous system. To maintain cardiac function, innervation density is stringently controlled, being high in the subepicardium and the central conduction system. In diseased hearts, cardiac innervation density varies, which in turn leads to sudden cardiac death. ...
Khandoker Ahsan H - - 2008
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in diabetes has been called a 'silent killer', because so few patients realize that they suffer from it, and yet its effect can be lethal. Early sub clinical detection of CAN and intervention are of prime importance for risk stratification in preventing sudden death due to ...
Bjorkander Inge - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the usefulness of time domain heart rate variability (HRV) measurements by a simple graphical method, the differential index (DI), in prognostic assessments of patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. METHODS: HRV measurements in the time domain by DI were compared to conventional measurements of standard deviation of ...
Sugimachi Masaru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have demonstrated that modification of autonomic balance by electrical vagal stimulation delays progression of cardiac dysfunction and cardiac remodeling, and prolongs survival in rats with severe heart failure. We have also shown that we were able to modify autonomic balance by electrical acupuncture at the acupoint of Zusanli, ...
Mori Akihiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) using an ultrathin endoscope is less stressful to the cardiovascular system with less elevation of systolic blood pressure (BP) than oral procedures. To elucidate the mechanism of such beneficial cardiovascular responses, we performed a prospective patient-centered randomized study in which BP and pulse rate (P), as ...
Bidargaddi Niranjan - - 2008
The objective is to identify whether it is possible to discriminate between normal and abnormal physiological state based on heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV) and movement activity information in subjects with cardiovascular complications. HR, HRV and movement information were obtained from cardiac patients over a period of 6 ...
Ootaki Chiyo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an indicator of autonomic nervous system functionality and a recognized predictor of cardiac death; however, the changes in HRV occurring in progressive heart failure are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the progressive changes of autonomic system activity in ...
Singh Swaroop S - - 2007
Studies on retrospective electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings of patients during cardiac arrest have shown significant changes in heart rate variability (HRV) indices prior to the onset of cardiac arrhythmia. The early detection of these changes in HRV indices increases the chances for a successful medical intervention by increasing the response time ...
Ozdemir Murat - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence are known to be disturbed and associated with excess mortality in heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate whether losartan, when added on top of beta-blocker and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) therapy, could improve these indices in patients ...
Santangeli P - - 2007
AIM: Several studies showed that primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) have a favourable impact on left ventricular remodeling and heart rate variability (HRV) both at short- and long-term follow-up in patients suffering an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, no previous study investigated the relationship between left ventricular remodeling and changes ...
Heiberg Einar - - 2008
Ethics committees approved human and animal study components; informed written consent was provided (prospective human study [20 men; mean age, 62 years]) or waived (retrospective human study [16 men, four women; mean age, 59 years]). The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate a clinically applicable method, accounting for ...
Pradhan C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To detect cardiac autonomic dysfunction, using analysis of heart rate variability in genetically defined spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive RR intervals were analyzed for time- and frequency-domain parameters in 22 genotypically proven SCA patients (SCA1 = 11, SCA2 = 6 and SCA3 = 5) and compared with ...
Ranpuria Reena - - 2008
A common cause of death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on dialysis is sudden cardiac death (SCD). Compared to the general population, the percentage of cardiovascular deaths that are attributed to SCD is higher in patients treated by dialysis. While coronary artery disease (CAD) is the predominant cause of ...
Kolettis Theofilos M - - 2008
The effects of dual (ETA and ETB) endothelin receptor blockade on ventricular arrhythmogenesis during acute myocardial infarction are not well defined. We randomly allocated Wistar rats to bosentan (100 mg/kg daily, n=24), a dual endothelin receptor antagonist, or vehicle (n=23). After 7 days of treatment, myocardial infarction was induced by ...
Wood Susan K - - 2007
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a neuropeptide involved in triggering a myriad of responses to fear and stress, is favourably positioned in the CNS to modulate the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the cardiac autonomic nervous system. In vivo studies suggest that central CRF inhibits vagal output and stimulates sympathetic activity. Therefore, ...
Oguri Takuya - - 2008
Although decrease in myocardial iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) radioactivity has been reported in patients with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD), its pathophysiology has not been thoroughly disclosed. We report two RBD patients with differing clinical progression, in whom myocardial (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy was performed. One 69-year-old patient had more ...
Vanoli Emilio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Unexpected sudden death among apparently healthy individuals remains a daunting problem. We have previously shown that autonomic modulation of cardiac arrhythmias and autonomic markers, such as baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and heart rate variability (HRV), carry predictive power after myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that a parameter combining ...
Verberne Hein J - - 2008
There is lack of validation and standardisation of acquisition parameters for myocardial (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). This lack of standardisation hampers large scale implementation of (123)I-MIBG parameters in the evaluation of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). In a retrospective multi-centre study (123)I-MIBG planar scintigrams obtained on 290 CHF patients (82% male; ...
Barton David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists linking major depressive disorder (MDD) with clinical cardiovascular events. The importance of the sympathetic nervous system in the generation of cardiac risk in other contexts is established. OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of the sympathetic nervous system in the generation of cardiac risk in patients with major ...
Malfatto Gabriella - - 2007
In this retrospective analysis, we investigated the influence of aetiology on autonomic modulation and reverse ventricular remodelling induced by beta-blockade in heart failure. Twenty-three heart failure patients without comorbidities (mean age 61 +/- 4 years, New York Heart Association class 3.1 +/- 0.1, treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics) ...
Uemura Kazunori - - 2007
Vagal nerve stimulation has been suggested to ameliorate left ventricular (LV) remodeling in heart failure. However, it is not known whether and to what degree vagal nerve stimulation affects matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP) in myocardium, which are known to play crucial roles in LV remodeling. ...
Sandercock Gavin - - 2007
HRV (heart rate variability) is a non-invasive maker of cardiac autonomic modulation utilized in many hundreds of scientific studies each year. The reliability of heart rate variability has been frequently investigated yet remains poorly quantified. Assessing the reliability of a measure that assesses dynamic physiological processes and shows large between- ...
Orimo Satoshi - - 2007
Decreased cardiac uptake of meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) has been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and pure autonomic failure (PAF). This imaging approach is a sensitive diagnostic tool that possibly differentiates PD and DLB from other movement disorders and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We recently reported ...
Pinna Gian Domenico - - 2007
Despite its extensive use in physiological and clinical research, the analysis of HRV (heart rate variability) is still poorly supported by rigorous reliability studies. The main aim of the present study was to perform an in-depth assessment of absolute and relative reliability of standard indexes of HRV from short-term laboratory ...
Avsar Alaettin - - 2007
Obese subjects are more prone to sudden deaths and arrhythmias than non-obese subjects. Heart rate turbulence (HRT) impairment reflects cardiac autonomic dysfunction, in particular impaired baroreflex sensitivity and reduced parasympathetic activity. Our aim was to evaluate the cardiac autonomic function in obesity by the HRT method. Ninety obese subjects and ...
Bär Karl-Jürgen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular mortality is significantly increased in patients suffering from schizophrenia. The mechanisms currently discussed contain unhealthy lifestyle with obesity and smoking, increased incidence of diabetes, adverse pro-arrhythmic effects of antipsychotic medication and altered autonomic function. It is therefore likely that the adaptation of the heart rate to different requirements ...
Moak Jeffrey P - - 2007
Power spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to indicate cardiac autonomic function. High-frequency power relates to respiratory sinus arrhythmia and therefore to parasympathetic cardiovagal tone; however, the relationship of low-frequency (LF) power to cardiac sympathetic innervation and function has been controversial. Alternatively, LF power might reflect ...
Madsen Trine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between low-grade inflammation and autonomic dysfunction, both of which may be risk markers for sudden cardiac death. METHODS: A total of 269 subjects referred for elective coronary angiography because of clinically suspected coronary heart disease were included in the ...
Smith Laura S - - 2007
Heart rate responses of 84 near-term fetuses to recorded female voices were examined in 166 trials of auditory stimulation. Each fetus was presented with a 2-min recording of their mother's voice and a 2-min recording of a female stranger's voice, in counterbalanced order, with a 10-min rest period between trials. ...
Liang Chang-seng - - 2007
Increased cardiac release of norepinephrine (NE) and depleted cardiac stores of NE are two salient features of the human failing heart. Researches from my laboratory have shown that these changes are accompanied by a functional defect of NE uptake in the cardiac sympathetic nerve terminals. Our studies have shown that ...
Chen Kang-Yin - - 2008
Heart failure (HF) is a major and growing public health problem in the world. About 50% of deaths in HF occur suddenly due to malignant arrhythmia. Therefore, exploring the further mechanisms of chronic HF and finding new therapy targets are essential for the progression of HF treatment. Recently, some published ...
Cugini Pietro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The scope of this study is to detect whether or not the entropy (E) circadian rhythm (CR) is maintained preserved in sinusal R-R intervals (SRRI), its loss being the expression of a transition to an indeterministic chaos in heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: The E of SRRI was estimated ...
Yildirim Aydin - - 2007
Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is an important complication of acute transmural myocardial infarction (MI) that bears great clinical significance because of high mortality. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is extensively used to evaluate autonomic modulation of sinus node and to identify patients at risk for an increased cardiac mortality. In ...
Spiegel Jörg - - 2007
In idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), different clinical subtypes are distinguished due to predominant motor symptoms: a tremor-dominant type (TDT), an akinetic rigid type (ART), and a mixed type (MT). We compared myocardial sympathetic innervation, measured by MIBG scintigraphy, in different subtypes of PD at early and advanced stages of PD. ...
Carney Robert M - - 2007
Depression is associated with an increased risk for cardiac morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation, proinflammatory processes, and procoagulant processes have been suggested as possible explanations. Heart rate variability (HRV), an indicator of cardiac autonomic regulation, and markers of inflammation ...
Chattipakorn Nipon - - 2007
The need to refine the identification of patients who might benefit from implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator has been risen by the results of many clinical trials on ICD therapy. Traditional parameters such as left ventricular ejection fraction and the presence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia were not strong enough ...
Psychari Stavroula N - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation has a major role in atherosclerosis and the acute phase C-reactive protein (CRP) is elevated after acute myocardial infarction. Inflammation is also implicated in autonomic nervous system control. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as a marker of abnormal autonomic activity after myocardial infarction. Our purpose was ...
Sugiura Toshifumi - - 2007
Preliminary experiments were carried out to investigate the feasibility of using an electroencephalogram and heart rates to evaluate the efficacy of finger acupressure on the key points of planta pedis (both soles). Continuous electroencephalograms were recorded from 19 electrodes based on the International 10-20 electrode placement system on 22 university ...
Melek Ismet M - - 2007
The clinical symptoms of migraine are widely accepted to be related to the involvement of the autonomic nervous system, and especially to dysfunction in the regulation of the circulatory system and autonomic balance. Disturbance of the autonomic nervous system is a primary characteristic of migraine Therefore, patients with migraine have ...
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