Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1284
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Folino Antonio F - - 2009
AIMS: Epidemiological studies show that peak exposure to air pollution is associated with increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. Panel and controlled exposure studies show that particulate matter (PM) may influence the parasympathetic regulation of the heart. The aim of this study was to concurrently measure individual exposure to ...
Wahab A - - 2009
To study the effect of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and QT dispersion (QTd) in patients presenting with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). 100 patients of Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were evaluated by history and examination. Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Holter monitoring was done in all patients. HRV, QTd, Standard Deviation ...
Neumann Serina A - - 2009
Previous evidence suggests that the dual-specific A kinase-anchoring protein 2 functional polymorphism (AKAP10 (A/G) I646V) influences heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in mice and humans (N=122) with cardiovascular disease. Here, we asked whether this AKAP10 variant predicts HR and HRV in a large sample of healthy humans. ...
Tobaldini Eleonora E Department of Clinical Sciences, Internal Medicine II, L. Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Via G.B. Grassi 74, Milan, - - 2009
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with neurohumoral activation. Only very few studies have examined the progression of autonomic dysfunction in CHF in humans and scanty data are available in animal models of CHF. This study was performed to assess the changes in cardiac autonomic modulation during the progression of ...
Huikuri Heikki V - - 2009
Heart rate variability (HRV) has been conventionally analysed with time- and frequency-domain methods, which measure the overall magnitude of RR interval fluctuations around its mean value or the magnitude of fluctuations in some predetermined frequencies. Analysis of heart rate dynamics by novel methods, such as heart rate turbulence after ventricular ...
Goldstein David S - - 2009
There is substantial interest in identifying biomarkers to detect early Parkinson disease (PD). Cardiac noradrenergic denervation and attenuated baroreflex-cardiovagal function occur in de novo PD, but whether these abnormalities can precede PD has been unknown. Here we report the case of a patient who had profoundly decreased left ventricular myocardial ...
Grassi Guido - - 2009
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized not only by profound abnormalities in the haemodynamic profile but also by changes in sympathetic cardiovascular function. These neurogenic abnormalities are important features of the disease that can affect the prognosis of CHF and to become a target for therapeutic intervention. This article addresses ...
Hamaad Ali - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are characterized by abnormal heart-rate variability (HRV) and biomarkers of endothelial damage and thrombosis. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized an association between these factors in patients with ACS. METHODS: We studied 99 patients with ACS measuring HRV and plasma markers of endothelial damage/dysfunction (von Willebrand factor, vWF) ...
Werdan Karl - - 2009
In sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS), a severe prognostically relevant cardiac autonomic dysfunction exists, as manifested by a strong attenuation of sympathetically and vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV). The mechanisms underlying this attenuation are not limited to the nervous system. They also include ...
Moak Jeffrey P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Power spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to indicate cardiac autonomic function. High-frequency power relates to respiratory sinus arrhythmia and therefore to parasympathetic cardiovagal tone; however, the relationship of low-frequency (LF) power to cardiac sympathetic innervation and function has been controversial. Alternatively, LF power might ...
Grigorean Valentin Titus - - 2009
The aim of this article is to analyze cardiac dysfunctions occurring after spinal cord injury (SCI). Cardiac dysfunctions are common complications following SCI. Cardiovascular disturbances are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in both acute and chronic stages of SCI. We reviewed epidemiology of cardiac disturbances after SCI, and ...
Lujan Heidi L - - 2009
Midthoracic spinal cord injury is associated with ventricular arrhythmias that are mediated, in part, by enhanced cardiac sympathetic activity. Furthermore, it is well known that sympathetic neurons have a lifelong requirement for nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF is a neurotrophin that supports the survival and differentiation of sympathetic neurons and ...
Nanjo Shuji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Because increased sympathetic nervous activity (SNA) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) associated with sleep breathing disorder (SBD) is known to deteriorate the prognosis of cardiac failure, (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy was used as the investigative tool in the present study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 53 ...
Björkander Inge - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the balance between cardiac parasympathetic and sympathetic autonomic influences. Reduced HRV has adverse prognostic implications. The time course for changes in HRV over prolonged periods of time and the influence of an acute coronary event on HRV are not well established. METHODS: Heart rate ...
Ieda Masaki - - 2009
The heart is abundantly innervated, and the nervous system precisely controls the function of this organ. The density of cardiac innervation is altered in diseased hearts, which can lead to unbalanced neural activation and lethal arrhythmia. For example, diabetic sensory neuropathy causes silent myocardial ischemia, characterized by loss of pain ...
Chen Grace P - - 2009
Congestive heart failure increasingly contributes to the overall morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. Although significant advances in therapies allow patients to feel better and have improved functional status and survival, not all patients respond equally to these therapies. Moreover, for any given level of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, ...
Syed Zeeshan - - 2009
Unstable conduction system bifurcations following ischemia and infarction are associated with variations in the electrocardiographic activity spanning the heart beat. In this paper, we investigate a spectral energy measure of morphologic differences (SE-MD) that quantifies aspects of these changes. Our measure uses a dynamic time-warping approach to compute the time-aligned ...
Smilde Tom D J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In contrast to patients with moderate to severe chronic heart failure (CHF), data regarding long-term outcome in patients with mild CHF are scarce. We examined the place of Holter monitoring to study the prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with mild to moderate ...
Ogawa Masahiro - - 2009
Myocardial infarction results in denervation, followed by neural remodeling characterized by nerve sprouting and heterogeneous sympathetic hyperinnervation throughout the myocardium. There is an association between the density of sympathetic nerves and occurrence of cardiac arrhythmia in humans. Autonomic nerve recording in ambulatory dogs showed a close association between autonomic nerve ...
Zhou Shu-Xian - - 2009
AIMS: This study investigated ventricular electrophysiological characteristics and the correlation between these parameters and heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in a canine congestive heart failure (CHF) model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Haemodynamics, HRV, BRS, and ventricular electrophysiological variables were measured 4-5 weeks after sham operation (control dogs) and ...
Nishimura Masato - - 2010
We prospectively investigated whether cardiac autonomic imbalance is associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) among a group of hemodialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). In a prospective cohort study, we enrolled 196 asymptomatic patients on chronic hemodialysis who had LVH as determined by echocardiography and had undergone twenty-four-hour ambulatory ...
Fu Liang-Wu - - 2009
The heart at the time of Sir William Harvey originally was thought to be an insensate organ. Today, however, we know that this organ is innervated by sensory nerves that course centrally though mixed nerve pathways that also contain parasympathetic or sympathetic motor nerves. Angina or cardiac pain is now ...
Lewek Joanna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Deceleration capacity (DC) is a novel electrocardiography (ECG) parameter characterizing the overall capacity of slowing down the heart rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and ECG covariates of DC in patients with the first episode of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary angioplasty. ...
Mwamure Peter - - 2009
A 70-year-old male presented to hospital with both anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction and spontaneous oesophageal rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome). He underwent primary angioplasty and stenting for a lesion of the left anterior descending in addition to cardiothoracic surgery for the oesophageal rupture. This combination of pathologies is a rare entity ...
Karp Erez - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic significance of early ultra-short-term heart rate variability (HRV) measurement in patients admitted for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: HRV was calculated retrospectively from the standard admission and discharge 10-second ECG of 196 consecutive patients with STEMI. Reduced HRV was defined as standard deviation of N-N ...
Mironova Tatyana - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to present results of special examination and prospective observation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and angina pectoris (AP) in practical cardiology. Except standard cardiological methods, we used high-resolution rhythmocardiography and apparatus-program complex for registration and analysis of the heart rate variability. There ...
Longenecker J C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the left-ventricular (LV) mass-adjusted association between low heart rate variability (HRV) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among hemodialysis patients in Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and eight patients were enrolled in the study. HRV time domain measures were obtained by ...
Mishra Archana - - 2009
Increased heart rate during graded exercise is related to increased sympathetic activity and withdrawal of vagal tone. Return of heart rate towards baseline immediately after exercise is usually due to resurgence of vagal tone. As it is an established fact that cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in part has direct relation ...
Gang Yi - - 2009
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a beat-to-beat variation in cardiac cycle length resulting from autonomic influence on the sinus node of patients in sinus rhythm. The importance of HRV as a risk stratifier has been well accepted, particularly in survivors of myocardial infarction. Large clinical trials are still needed to ...
Anselmino Matteo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has proven antianginal and antiischemic effects in severe coronary artery disease patients, minimizing frequency, intensity, and duration of pain. The mechanism explaining these effects has been detected in a sympathicolytic effect of the SCS. We monitored 30-minute-long recordings of the heart rate variability (HRV) and ...
Omerbegovic Meldijana - - 2009
In the last decades analysis of heart rate variability has emerged as a new useful tool for assessing the changes in autonomic tone that influences cardiovascular function. High variability of oscillations and the integrated physiologic activities of heart and cardiovascular system isassociated with physiologic functioning. Irregularity of the length of ...
Porto Luiz Guilherme Grossi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Wrist-worn heart rate monitors have not been extensively validated for heart rate variability analysis. The purpose of this study was to compare time-domain variability of heart interval series (R-Ri) recorded by the Polar S810 monitor (Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) and the conventional electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: Agreement was verified ...
Ksela Jus - - 2009
Non-linear analyses of heart rate dynamics reveal subtle changes not evident from conventional heart rate variability measures. Traditionally, the information was inferred from 24-hour ECG recordings, making it less suitable for clinical application. Moreover, only few studies have attempted to evaluate the reliability of non-linear analyses in relation to varying ...
Sherman Warren - - 2009
Skeletal myoblast (SM) implantation promotes recovery of myocardial function after ischemic injury. Clinical observations suggest an association of SM implantation and ventricular arrhythmias. Support for this link has been sought in animal studies, but none employing models of congestive heart failure. In a canine model of postinfarction congestive heart failure ...
Hildreth Victoria V Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Centre for Life, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Maintenance of homeostatic circulation in mammals and birds is reliant upon autonomic innervation of the heart. Neural branches of mixed cellular origin and function innervate the heart at the arterial and venous poles as it matures, eventually coupling autonomic output to the cardiac components, including the conduction system. The development ...
Sunagawa Kenji - - 2009
In this invited session, we would like to address the impact of bionic neuromodulation on cardiovascular diseases. It has been well established that cardiovascular dysregulation plays major roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. This is the reason why most drugs currently used in cardiology have significant pharmacological effects on ...
Vasu V V The Institute of Electronics, Communications and Information Technology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT3 9DT, Northern Ireland, - - 2009
A 5.8-GHz ISM-Band radio-frequency sensor has been developed for non-contact measurement of respiration and heart rate from stationary and semi-stationary subjects at a distance of 0.5 to 1.5 meters. We report on the accuracy of the heart rate measurements obtained using two algorithmic approaches, as compared to a reference heart ...
Gagne Julien J LSIIT (UMR CNRS-UdS 7005), Strasbourg University, France. - - 2009
Active cardiac stabilization has a role to play in the development of minimally invasive techniques for beating heart surgery. We propose here a new active cardiac stabilization device based on gyroscopic actuation. This system allows to compensate for heart motion in high frequencies and is fully independant and pluggable on ...
Hsin Ho-Tsung - - 2010
Heart-rate variability (HRV) analyzed by detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), which resulted in a short-term fractal exponent - alpha, has prognostic implication in chronic phase of heart failure and survivors of myocardial infarction. We adopted DFA to study the acute-phase HRV in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) by recruiting 30 age- and ...
Agostini D - - 2008
This review focuses on myocardial [(123)I]mIBG imaging in patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure (HF). In particular, the potential role of myocardial (123)I-mIBG scintigraphy in the prediction of potentially fatal arrhythmic events is described. A growing body of evidence supports the use of cardiac sympathetic innervation imaging, specifically using (123)I-mIBG, ...
Imrich Richard - - 2008
Stress is a well-known factor affecting cardiac contractility through the cardiac sympathetic nerves. A positive inotropic effect of the cardiac sympathetic nerves on the myocardium is reflected by pre-ejection period (PEP) shortening. Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (NOH) (PD + NOH) or with pure autonomic failure ...
Smulders N M - - 2008
Some patients with sarcoidosis can have cardiac involvement. Impairment of the cardiac sympathetic nerve activity is seen in about 50% of the sarcoidosis patients with small fiber neuropathy. In this case we present a sarcoidosis patient with small fiber neuropathy and cardiac symptoms with a cardiac sympathetic dysfunction, assessed with ...
Syed Zeeshan - - 2009
Electrocardiographic measures can facilitate the identification of patients at risk of death after acute coronary syndromes. This study evaluates a new risk metric, morphologic variability (MV), which measures beat-to-beat variability in the shape of the entire heart beat signal. This metric is analogous to heart rate variability (HRV) approaches, which ...
Ruiz Llorca C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of heart failure (HF) are constantly increasing. Heart failure depends on pump failure, inflammatory tracers, and the neurohormonal system. At advanced stages, the only treatment is heart transplantation (HT). We studied myocardial innervation in patients before HT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 15 patients ...
Pereira Y Martinez - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognostic and diagnostic value of heart rate variability (HRV) using the vasovagal tonus index (VVTI) in dogs suffering from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: Electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings of 369 patients presented to a referral centre between 1993 and 2006 were reviewed. RESULTS: VVTI values were calculated ...
Shibata Mamoru - - 2009
We aimed to characterize the relationship between cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunction employing cardiac (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake and other autonomic function parameters in Parkinson's disease (PD). 79 PD patients were studied. We performed (123)I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy to assess the extent of cardiac sympathetic denervation. Electrocardiogram readings at rest and postural ...
Bai Juan - - 2008
Sympathetic denervation is frequently observed in heart disease. To investigate the linkage of sympathetic denervation and cardiac arrhythmia, we developed a rat model of chemical sympathectomy by subcutaneous injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Cardiac sympathetic innervation was visualized by means of a glyoxylic catecholaminergic histofluorescence method. Transient outward current (Ito) of ...
Ren Chongyu - - 2008
Nerve sprouting in healed myocardial infarction has been associated with increased incidences of ventricular tachyarrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. However, the underlying electrophysiological mechanisms are unclear. To investigate the linkage between nerve sprouting and potassium channel function, we developed a rat model of cardiac sympathetic nerve sprouting by chronic subcutaneous ...
Arslan Ugur - - 2008
AIMS: To study heart rate (HR) variability and HR turbulence parameters in mild-to-moderate aortic stenosis (AS) and to disclose whether any relationship exists between these parameters and echocardiographic findings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-three asymptomatic patients with mild-to-moderate AS (AS group) were studied. Echocardiographic parameters and HR variability and HR turbulence ...
Hörnsten Rolf - - 2008
Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is common in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), as well as cardiac arrhythmias. We examined the effects of liver transplantation (LTx) on 24-h HRV and ventricular late potentials. Twenty-one liver-transplanted FAP patients underwent Holter-ECG recordings and signal average electrocardiography recordings (SAECG) before and after LTx. Mean ...
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