Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1268
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Syed Zeeshan - - 2009
Unstable conduction system bifurcations following ischemia and infarction are associated with variations in the electrocardiographic activity spanning the heart beat. In this paper, we investigate a spectral energy measure of morphologic differences (SE-MD) that quantifies aspects of these changes. Our measure uses a dynamic time-warping approach to compute the time-aligned ...
Smilde Tom D J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In contrast to patients with moderate to severe chronic heart failure (CHF), data regarding long-term outcome in patients with mild CHF are scarce. We examined the place of Holter monitoring to study the prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with mild to moderate ...
Ogawa Masahiro - - 2009
Myocardial infarction results in denervation, followed by neural remodeling characterized by nerve sprouting and heterogeneous sympathetic hyperinnervation throughout the myocardium. There is an association between the density of sympathetic nerves and occurrence of cardiac arrhythmia in humans. Autonomic nerve recording in ambulatory dogs showed a close association between autonomic nerve ...
Zhou Shu-Xian - - 2009
AIMS: This study investigated ventricular electrophysiological characteristics and the correlation between these parameters and heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in a canine congestive heart failure (CHF) model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Haemodynamics, HRV, BRS, and ventricular electrophysiological variables were measured 4-5 weeks after sham operation (control dogs) and ...
Nishimura Masato - - 2010
We prospectively investigated whether cardiac autonomic imbalance is associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) among a group of hemodialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). In a prospective cohort study, we enrolled 196 asymptomatic patients on chronic hemodialysis who had LVH as determined by echocardiography and had undergone twenty-four-hour ambulatory ...
Fu Liang-Wu - - 2009
The heart at the time of Sir William Harvey originally was thought to be an insensate organ. Today, however, we know that this organ is innervated by sensory nerves that course centrally though mixed nerve pathways that also contain parasympathetic or sympathetic motor nerves. Angina or cardiac pain is now ...
Lewek Joanna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Deceleration capacity (DC) is a novel electrocardiography (ECG) parameter characterizing the overall capacity of slowing down the heart rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and ECG covariates of DC in patients with the first episode of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary angioplasty. ...
Mwamure Peter - - 2009
A 70-year-old male presented to hospital with both anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction and spontaneous oesophageal rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome). He underwent primary angioplasty and stenting for a lesion of the left anterior descending in addition to cardiothoracic surgery for the oesophageal rupture. This combination of pathologies is a rare entity ...
Karp Erez - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic significance of early ultra-short-term heart rate variability (HRV) measurement in patients admitted for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: HRV was calculated retrospectively from the standard admission and discharge 10-second ECG of 196 consecutive patients with STEMI. Reduced HRV was defined as standard deviation of N-N ...
Mironova Tatyana - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to present results of special examination and prospective observation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and angina pectoris (AP) in practical cardiology. Except standard cardiological methods, we used high-resolution rhythmocardiography and apparatus-program complex for registration and analysis of the heart rate variability. There ...
Longenecker J C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the left-ventricular (LV) mass-adjusted association between low heart rate variability (HRV) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among hemodialysis patients in Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and eight patients were enrolled in the study. HRV time domain measures were obtained by ...
Mishra Archana - - 2009
Increased heart rate during graded exercise is related to increased sympathetic activity and withdrawal of vagal tone. Return of heart rate towards baseline immediately after exercise is usually due to resurgence of vagal tone. As it is an established fact that cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in part has direct relation ...
Vasu V - - 2009
A 5.8-GHz ISM-Band radio-frequency sensor has been developed for non-contact measurement of respiration and heart rate from stationary and semi-stationary subjects at a distance of 0.5 to 1.5 meters. We report on the accuracy of the heart rate measurements obtained using two algorithmic approaches, as compared to a reference heart ...
Gang Yi - - 2009
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a beat-to-beat variation in cardiac cycle length resulting from autonomic influence on the sinus node of patients in sinus rhythm. The importance of HRV as a risk stratifier has been well accepted, particularly in survivors of myocardial infarction. Large clinical trials are still needed to ...
Anselmino Matteo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has proven antianginal and antiischemic effects in severe coronary artery disease patients, minimizing frequency, intensity, and duration of pain. The mechanism explaining these effects has been detected in a sympathicolytic effect of the SCS. We monitored 30-minute-long recordings of the heart rate variability (HRV) and ...
Omerbegovic Meldijana - - 2009
In the last decades analysis of heart rate variability has emerged as a new useful tool for assessing the changes in autonomic tone that influences cardiovascular function. High variability of oscillations and the integrated physiologic activities of heart and cardiovascular system isassociated with physiologic functioning. Irregularity of the length of ...
Sunagawa Kenji - - 2009
In this invited session, we would like to address the impact of bionic neuromodulation on cardiovascular diseases. It has been well established that cardiovascular dysregulation plays major roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. This is the reason why most drugs currently used in cardiology have significant pharmacological effects on ...
Porto Luiz Guilherme Grossi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Wrist-worn heart rate monitors have not been extensively validated for heart rate variability analysis. The purpose of this study was to compare time-domain variability of heart interval series (R-Ri) recorded by the Polar S810 monitor (Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) and the conventional electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: Agreement was verified ...
Gagne Julien - - 2009
Active cardiac stabilization has a role to play in the development of minimally invasive techniques for beating heart surgery. We propose here a new active cardiac stabilization device based on gyroscopic actuation. This system allows to compensate for heart motion in high frequencies and is fully independant and pluggable on ...
Ksela Jus - - 2009
Non-linear analyses of heart rate dynamics reveal subtle changes not evident from conventional heart rate variability measures. Traditionally, the information was inferred from 24-hour ECG recordings, making it less suitable for clinical application. Moreover, only few studies have attempted to evaluate the reliability of non-linear analyses in relation to varying ...
Sherman Warren - - 2009
Skeletal myoblast (SM) implantation promotes recovery of myocardial function after ischemic injury. Clinical observations suggest an association of SM implantation and ventricular arrhythmias. Support for this link has been sought in animal studies, but none employing models of congestive heart failure. In a canine model of postinfarction congestive heart failure ...
Hildreth Victoria V Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Centre for Life, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Maintenance of homeostatic circulation in mammals and birds is reliant upon autonomic innervation of the heart. Neural branches of mixed cellular origin and function innervate the heart at the arterial and venous poles as it matures, eventually coupling autonomic output to the cardiac components, including the conduction system. The development ...
Hsin Ho-Tsung - - 2010
Heart-rate variability (HRV) analyzed by detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), which resulted in a short-term fractal exponent - alpha, has prognostic implication in chronic phase of heart failure and survivors of myocardial infarction. We adopted DFA to study the acute-phase HRV in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) by recruiting 30 age- and ...
Agostini D - - 2008
This review focuses on myocardial [(123)I]mIBG imaging in patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure (HF). In particular, the potential role of myocardial (123)I-mIBG scintigraphy in the prediction of potentially fatal arrhythmic events is described. A growing body of evidence supports the use of cardiac sympathetic innervation imaging, specifically using (123)I-mIBG, ...
Imrich Richard - - 2008
Stress is a well-known factor affecting cardiac contractility through the cardiac sympathetic nerves. A positive inotropic effect of the cardiac sympathetic nerves on the myocardium is reflected by pre-ejection period (PEP) shortening. Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (NOH) (PD + NOH) or with pure autonomic failure ...
Smulders N M - - 2008
Some patients with sarcoidosis can have cardiac involvement. Impairment of the cardiac sympathetic nerve activity is seen in about 50% of the sarcoidosis patients with small fiber neuropathy. In this case we present a sarcoidosis patient with small fiber neuropathy and cardiac symptoms with a cardiac sympathetic dysfunction, assessed with ...
Syed Zeeshan - - 2009
Electrocardiographic measures can facilitate the identification of patients at risk of death after acute coronary syndromes. This study evaluates a new risk metric, morphologic variability (MV), which measures beat-to-beat variability in the shape of the entire heart beat signal. This metric is analogous to heart rate variability (HRV) approaches, which ...
Ruiz Llorca C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of heart failure (HF) are constantly increasing. Heart failure depends on pump failure, inflammatory tracers, and the neurohormonal system. At advanced stages, the only treatment is heart transplantation (HT). We studied myocardial innervation in patients before HT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 15 patients ...
Pereira Y Martinez - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognostic and diagnostic value of heart rate variability (HRV) using the vasovagal tonus index (VVTI) in dogs suffering from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: Electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings of 369 patients presented to a referral centre between 1993 and 2006 were reviewed. RESULTS: VVTI values were calculated ...
Shibata Mamoru - - 2009
We aimed to characterize the relationship between cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunction employing cardiac (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake and other autonomic function parameters in Parkinson's disease (PD). 79 PD patients were studied. We performed (123)I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy to assess the extent of cardiac sympathetic denervation. Electrocardiogram readings at rest and postural ...
Bai Juan - - 2008
Sympathetic denervation is frequently observed in heart disease. To investigate the linkage of sympathetic denervation and cardiac arrhythmia, we developed a rat model of chemical sympathectomy by subcutaneous injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Cardiac sympathetic innervation was visualized by means of a glyoxylic catecholaminergic histofluorescence method. Transient outward current (Ito) of ...
Ren Chongyu - - 2008
Nerve sprouting in healed myocardial infarction has been associated with increased incidences of ventricular tachyarrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. However, the underlying electrophysiological mechanisms are unclear. To investigate the linkage between nerve sprouting and potassium channel function, we developed a rat model of cardiac sympathetic nerve sprouting by chronic subcutaneous ...
Arslan Ugur - - 2008
AIMS: To study heart rate (HR) variability and HR turbulence parameters in mild-to-moderate aortic stenosis (AS) and to disclose whether any relationship exists between these parameters and echocardiographic findings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-three asymptomatic patients with mild-to-moderate AS (AS group) were studied. Echocardiographic parameters and HR variability and HR turbulence ...
Hörnsten Rolf - - 2008
Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is common in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), as well as cardiac arrhythmias. We examined the effects of liver transplantation (LTx) on 24-h HRV and ventricular late potentials. Twenty-one liver-transplanted FAP patients underwent Holter-ECG recordings and signal average electrocardiography recordings (SAECG) before and after LTx. Mean ...
Kilic Harun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heart rate turbulence (HRT) and heart rate variability (HRV) have been shown to be independent and powerful predictors of mortality in a specific group of cardiac patients. Pacing has unfavorable effects on autonomic function. Our aim is to investigate autonomic responses to atrial synchronous ventricular pacing (VDD) by evaluating ...
Mowery Nathan Teague - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A noninvasive tool reflecting intracranial hypertension (ICH) should prompt early invasive monitoring and reduce secondary injury after traumatic brain injury. We hypothesized that integer heart rate variability (HRV) may be associated with rises in intracranial pressure (ICP); changes in HRV may precede changes in ICP; and both increases in ...
Fricke Eva - - 2008
In both diabetic and nondiabetic patients, there is a loose correlation between coronary flow reserve (CFR) and sympathetic innervation in viable myocardial segments. The loose correlation implies that sympathetic innervation may be preserved even with major impairment of myocardial blood supply. In some patients, denervation is due to repetitive episodes ...
Kawashima Tomokazu - - 2008
We examined the morphology of the autonomic cardiac nervous system (ACNS) on 20 sides of 10 gibbons (Hylobatidae) of three genera, and we have inferred the evolution of the anatomy of the primate ACNS. We report the following. (1) Several trivial intraspecific and interspecific variations are present in gibbons, but ...
Nagamachi Shigeki - - 2008
(123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy is a useful tool for differentiating idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) from parkinsonism (PS) caused by other disorders. However, cardiac MIBG uptake is affected by various causes. Alternatively, hypoperfusion in the occipital lobe of PD is reported recently. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to clarify the correlation between ...
Langelotz Corinna - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the specific effects of working long hours in surgery and potential cardiac stress in the individual surgeon by measuring heart rate variability (HRV). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective study measured HRV before, during, and after a 24-hour shift in a standardized resting period of 10 minutes. ...
Pomara Cristoforo - - 2009
The cardiovascular manifestations of tetanus consist of disturbances of heart rate and rhythm, blood pressure instability, arrhythmias, myocardial dysfunction and sympathetic overactivity. It was suggested that either a sudden loss of catecholamine stimulation or myocardial damage caused by the direct action of the tetanus toxin, could be involved in cardiac ...
Bär Karl-Jürgen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcoholism represents a risk factor for cardiac arrhythmias. One underlying mechanism is a sympathetically dominated autonomic imbalance. This is especially apparent during acute withdrawal from alcohol. Since linear analysis of heart rate variability may not be entirely adequate to detect such autonomic dysfunction in acute alcohol withdrawal, we ...
Davos Constantinos H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) patients face an increased risk of sudden cardiac death late after repair. Heart rate turbulence (HRT) indices are well-known predictors of sudden cardiac death. We aimed to estimate whether HRT is impaired in repaired ToF patients compared to healthy controls and relate those HRT parameters ...
Chen Hung Yi - - 2009
Cardiac arrhythmia is frequently detected in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and improper autonomic tone is considered the etiology. Heart rate turbulence (HRT) and heart rate variability (HRV) are methods assessed for autonomic dysfunction. To evaluate whether the number of ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) is influenced by HRT or ...
Ribeiro Antonio Luiz P - - 2009
Cardiac vagal modulation impairment is a typical feature of Chagas disease (ChD) and is correlated to antagonistic anti-M2 autoantibodies activity. In this letter, we analyze the hypothesis that, in ChD, anti-muscarinic antibody activity could simultaneously increase parasympathetic tonus (decreasing heart rate) and decrease vagal modulation over cardiac sinus node (reducing ...
Arimoto Takanori - - 2008
BACKGROUND: For assessment of cardiac sympathetic nervous activity, the conventional protocol for iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) imaging requires several hours. METHODS AND RESULTS: To establish whether it is possible to shorten the conventional (123)I-MIBG imaging protocol, anterior planar imaging was performed in 42 heart failure (HF) patients at 5, 15 and 180 ...
Wiklund Urban - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac autonomic dysfunction is a common complication of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), but cardiac arrhythmia and conduction disturbances are also common. We analyzed heart rate variability (HRV) in FAP patients using power spectrum analysis and Poincaré plot analysis. METHODS: HRV was analyzed in 24-hour ECG recordings (Holter) in 41 ...
Wehrwein Erica A - - 2008
The cardiac neuronal norepinephrine (NE) transporter (NET) in sympathetic neurons is responsible for uptake of released NE from the neuroeffector junction. The purpose of this study was to assess the chamber distribution of cardiac NET protein measured using [(3)H]nisoxetine binding in rat heart membranes and to correlate NE content to ...
Jones Christine M - - 2008
Reflex control of heart rate is frequently impaired following myocardial infarction. This is referred to as depressed baroreflex sensitivity. The aim of these experiments was to assess the function of other autonomic reflexes in dogs with depressed baroreflex sensitivity. Comparisons were made to dogs in whom baroreflex sensitivity was preserved ...
Waring W S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Antidepressant overdose may be associated with significant cardiotoxicity, and recent data have shown that acute toxic effects are associated with impaired heart rate variability. This study was designed to examine the feasibility of non-invasive heart rate variability recording in patients that present to hospital after deliberate antidepressant ingestion. METHODS: ...
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