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Chen Tao - - 2011
A one-stage repair was planned for an 11-year-old boy with tetralogy of Fallot. After initial attempts to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass were unsuccessful, an atrial septal defect and a ventricular septal defect were created in order to achieve hemodynamic stability. The boy recovered from the operation but had large volume ...
Jongjirasiri Sutipong - - 2011
Delineate normal data in a Thai population for global left ventricular function, left ventricular mass (LVM), and LV mass index (LVMI) by gated volumetric CT angiography (CTA). Two hundred twenty seven patients with intermediate risk factors for CAD were referred for CT coronary angiography. The non-hypertensive and non-diabetic asymptomatic group ...
Gillespie A - - 2011
An adult female dugong (Dugong dugon) was found dead and floating in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. This animal was found to have a 360° mesenteric volvulus with infarction of the associated segment of small intestine, and fibrinous peritonitis. Mortality was attributed to the volvulus and its sequelae. The cause was ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2011
Abstract  A 68-year-old female with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), fibrous subaortic stenosis, mitro-aortic valve insufficiencies, and congenital left ventricular diverticulum (CLVD) at apical level was diagnosed after syncope. Although the association between HOCM and CLVD has been previously reported, no case has ever been disclosed in advanced adulthood. (J Card Surg ...
Boogers Mark J - - 2011
Heart failure represents a common disease affecting approximately 5 million patients in the United States. Several conditions play an important role in the development and progression of heart failure, including abnormalities in myocardial blood flow and sympathetic innervation. Nuclear imaging represents the only imaging modality with sufficient sensitivity to assess ...
Huang Chunyan C Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2011
Gender differences exist in myocardial response to acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and estrogen mediates cardioprotection in the female heart after I/R. Accumulating evidence has indicated that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is increased in the ischemic heart and initiates cardioprotective effects. However, it is unknown whether SDF-1 plays a role in ...
Chua Sarah - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that gender has a significant impact on cardiac inflammation, fibrosis, and survival after myocardial infarction (MI) in a murine model of left coronary artery ligation (CAL) by investigating the underlying cellular-molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Age-matched male and female mice were ...
Niemann Markus - - 2011
We hypothesized that Fabry cardiomyopathy in female patients might differ substantially from that in male patients and sought to prove this hypothesis in a large cohort consisting of 104 patients with Fabry disease. Fabry cardiomyopathy in male patients is characterized by left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, impaired myocardial function, and subsequent ...
Tarcan Onurcan - - 2011
We performed a totally endoscopic resection of a left ventricular myxoma using the Heart Port Endoclamp System and conventional endoscopic instruments in a young male patient. It is a feasible and safe procedure with good clinical results and an excellent cosmetic outcome.
Cornelussen Richard N - - 2011
In this review, we report on electrical modalities, which do not fit the definition of pacemaker, but increase cardiac performance either by direct application to the heart (e.g., post-extrasystolic potentiation or non-excitatory stimulation) or indirectly through activation of the nervous system (e.g., vagal or sympathetic activation). The physiological background of ...
Amasyalı Basri - - 2011
Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common form of paroxysmal regular supraventricular tachycardia in adults. It is typically induced with an anterograde block over the fast pathway (FP) and conduction over the slow pathway (SP), with subsequent retrograde conduction over the FP. Rarely, a simultaneous conduction of a ...
Dennison Sophie E - - 2011
A yearling California sea lion Zalophus californianus stranded in poor body condition, and on physical examination a heart murmur was audible bilaterally. The sea lion was diagnosed with a left-to-right shunting membranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) using B-mode, color-flow Doppler and continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography. A left-to-right intracardiac shunting lesion was ...
Schwartz Peter J - - 2011
Sympathetic-parasympathetic interaction plays a major role in the evolution and outcome of many cardiovascular disorders. Nonetheless, a thorough understanding of this relationship and of its potential implications for prognosis and management still escapes many cardiologists. This article reviews the background of sympathetic-parasympathetic interactions focusing on the best direct evidence available, ...
Bibevski Steve - - 2011
Parasympathetic control of the heart via the vagus nerve is the primary mechanism that regulates beat-to-beat control of heart rate. Additionally, the vagus nerve exerts significant effects at the AV node, as well as effects on both atrial and ventricular myocardium. Vagal control is abnormal in heart failure, occurring at ...
Lamont Kim T - - 2011
Epidemiological studies suggest that regular moderate consumption of red wine confers cardioprotection but the mechanisms involved in this effect remain unclear. Recent studies demonstrate the presence of melatonin in wine. We propose that melatonin, at a concentration found in red wine, confers cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Furthermore, we investigated whether ...
Wang Li-Li - - 2011
Evidence suggests that substance P (SP) participates in the pathology of acute myocardial ischemia and infarction but the profiles of the peptide in regulation of cardiac functions are still elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of substance P in regulation of cardiac functions and its ...
Kossaify Antoine - - 2011
Aortic cusps originating arrhythmias are rare; they have special electrocardiogram features that help to locate the site of origin. We report on a 20-year-old male patient without structural heart disease presenting with accelerated idioventricular rhythm; electrocardiogram analysis was typical of left coronary cusp origin.
Ueda Naohisa - - 2011
A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with altered mental status and weakness in the left upper and lower limbs. A brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated multiple cerebral infarctions in the bilateral frontal and parietal lobes and in the left occipital lobe. Magnetic resonance angiography indicated overall arterial wall ...
Sugimoto Tsutomu - - 2011
We describe a new technique for the early surgical repair of a posterior postinfarction ventricular septal perforation (VSP) in two consecutive female patients. The occurrence of a posterior VSP is rare, and its repair is technically difficult because the posteromedial papillary muscle is located adjacent to the intraventricular septum. This ...
Letsas Konstantinos P - - 2011
Left ventricular outflow tract arrhythmias originating from the aortomitral continuity, the left coronary cusp, the superior basal septum, and the epicardial left ventricular summit display common electrocardiographic and electrophysiological features, probably due to the close proximity of those locations. Catheter ablation of these arrhythmias can be challenging. The case of ...
Kossaify Antoine - - 2011
A 75-year-old-male patient with dual chamber pacemaker presented with a bizarre EKG showing a unique spike within the QRS complex. Apparent PR interval was 160 ms and effective atrio-right ventricular delay was 210 ms due to right bundle branch block. Sensed AV delay was set at 180 ms causing pseudofusions. ...
Klaiman Jordan M - - 2011
Rainbow trout remain active in waters that seasonally change between 4°C and 20°C. To explore how these fish are able to maintain cardiac function over this temperature range we characterized changes in cardiac morphology, contractile function, and the expression of contractile proteins in trout following acclimation to 4°C (cold), 12°C ...
Kasama Shu - - 2011
Background Many studies have shown that cardiac sympathetic nerve activity evaluated by [(123)I]m-iodobenzylguanidine ([(123)I]MIBG) scintigraphic study during a stable period is useful for determining the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure. Objective To examine whether results of this imaging method performed 3 weeks after the onset of ST-segment elevation myocardial ...
Kapa Suraj - - 2010
The autonomic nervous system plays an integral role in the modulation of normal cardiac electrophysiology. This is achieved via a complex network of pre- and postganglionic sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers that synapse on extrinsic and intrinsic cardiac ganglia and ultimately directly innervate cardiac myocytes. Alterations in autonomic tone may induce ...
Alston Eric N EN Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, United - - 2011
Cardiac function is regulated by a balance of sympathetic and parasympathetic transmission. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and galanin (GAL) released from cardiac sympathetic neurons inhibits parasympathetic transmission in the heart. Sympathetic peptides may contribute to autonomic imbalance, which is characterized by increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic transmission and contributes to life ...
Donner Birgit C - - 2011
TASK-1, a member of the recently identified K2P channel family, is mainly expressed in the heart and the nervous system. TASK-1 is regulated by several physiological and pathological conditions and functions as a background potassium channel. However, there are limited data concerning the significance of TASK-1 in cardiac physiology. We ...
Mills Nicholas L NL Centre for Cardiovascular Science, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2011
Exposure to air pollution is associated with increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study was undertaken to determine the effect of diesel exhaust inhalation on heart rhythm and heart rate variability in healthy volunteers and patients with coronary heart disease. Double-blind randomised crossover studies in a university teaching hospital. ...
Bonnemeier Hendrik - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess potential differences in cardiac autonomic nervous modulation in patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome (AB) and the midventricular variant (MB) of this syndrome. We hypothesized that differences in regional distribution of cardiac autonomic innervation in AB and MB may ...
Sultana Riffat - - 2010
Hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with increased risk of arrhythmias and mortality. Objective was to investigate the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias and LVH in systemic hypertension. In all subjects blood pressure was measured, electrocardiography and echocardiography was done. Holter monitoring and exercise test perform in certain cases. There ...
Nasr Gamela - - 2010
Rheumatic fever is still a common cause of acquired heart disease in children and young adult in many developing countries. The aim was to investigate the role of myocardial involvement in the hemodynamic changes in patients with acute rheumatic fever using cardiac troponin assay and echocardiography. A prospective cohort study ...
Xin Ping - - 2010
Oxidative stress and inflammatory response induced by myocardial infarction play important roles in the development of sympathetic neural remodeling. The present study was designed to investigate whether resveratrol can improve sympathetic neural remodeling and hence cause less arrhythmias via its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly ...
von Känel Roland R Department of General Internal Medicine, Division of Psychosomatic Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. - - 2011
Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation is a key component in atherogenesis. Decreased heart rate variability (HRV), a strong predictor of cardiovascular events, has been associated with elevations in circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, and fibrinogen in apparently healthy individuals. We investigated whether decreased HRV is associated with inflammatory ...
Lin Yen-Hung - - 2010
Cardiac extra-cellular matrix (ECM) fibrosis plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). It may provide electrical heterogeneity and a substrate for arrhythmogenicity, which may cause sudden cardiac death (SCD). Twenty-one patients with manifestations of HF and a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤50% were enrolled. The ...
Clarke Gwenaëlle L GL Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, - - 2010
β-Adrenoceptor antagonists are used widely to reduce cardiovascular sympathetic tone, but withdrawal is accompanied by sympathetic hyperactivity. Receptor supersensitivity accounts for some but not all aspects of this withdrawal syndrome. Therefore, we investigated effects of β-blockers on sympathetic innervation. Rats received infusions of adrenergic receptor blockers or saline for 1 ...
Nagler J - - 2010
Bifrontal stimulation in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been increasingly administered and evaluated over the past years. However, no attention has been paid to cardiac side effects of this novel form of treatment during the application of the electrical stimuli. Cardiac responses to different electrode positions were compared intraindividually, using synchronised ...
Simon Roger P - - 2010
Ictal events include those of the autonomic nervous system. This sympathetic stimulation may persist into the postictal period, affecting cardiopulmonary function. Such postictal effects include potentially fatal alterations in cardiac rhythm and ventilatory function, management challenges such as pulmonary edema, and diagnostically confusing laboratory abnormalities such as fever and cerebrospinal ...
Jansen K K University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, - - 2010
Epilepsy and seizures can have a dramatic effect on the autonomic nervous system by involvement of the central autonomic control centers. The peri-ictal changes can lead to short-term alteration of cardiac functions in patients with seizures, and are partially hemispheric specific. Changes in heart rhythm, conduction and even subtle signs ...
Ji Sang Yong - - 2010
Cardiac autonomic function plays a crucial role in health and disease, with abnormalities both reflecting the severity of the disease and contributing specifically to clinical deterioration and poor prognosis. Radiotracer analogs of the sympathetic mediator norepinephrine have been investigated extensively, and are at the brink of potential widespread clinical use. ...
Sánchez-Lázaro Ignacio J - - 2011
An alteration of the autonomic nervous system has been described in heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to assess, compare and relate the impairment of both arms of the autonomic nervous systems, the sympathetic and parasympathetic (SNS and PNS) in a same group of patients. We analyzed ...
Bhattacharyya Mimi R MR Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2011
Emotion in daily life may be associated with transient myocardial ischemia, ventricular tachycardia and impaired autonomic function in cardiac patients, but the precise temporal sequence is unclear. Eighty-eight patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent 24-h electrocardiographic monitoring, and affect was measured with the Day Reconstruction Method. Thirteen patients (15%) ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2010
Cardiovascular events are common in patients with ESRD. Whether sympathetic overactivity or vagal withdrawal contribute to cardiovascular events is unclear. We determined the general prevalence and clinical correlates of heart rate variability in patients on hemodialysis. We collected baseline information on demographics, clinical conditions, laboratory values, medications, physical performance, left ...
Sredniawa Beata - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown conflicting results about the value of heart rate turbulence (HRT) for risk stratification of patients (pts) with chronic heart failure (CHF). We prospectively evaluated the relation between HRT and progression toward end-stage heart failure or all-cause mortality in patients with CHF. METHODS: HRT was assessed ...
Goldstein David S DS Clinical Neurocardiology Section, Clinical Neurosciences Program, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892-1620, USA. - - 2010
Important recent publications in the area of neuroscience and heart-brain medicine center largely around three topics: (1) mechanisms of cardiac sympathetic denervation in Parkinson disease, (2) cytoplasmic monoamine metabolites as autotoxins, and (3) the validity of power spectral analysis of heart rate variability to indicate cardiac sympathetic tone. Findings by ...
Volders Paul G A - - 2010
It has long been recognized that increased sympathetic nerve activity during physiologic stress (exercise, swimming, emotion, arousal, loud noise, etc.) has profound influences on the electrical and contractile functions of the heart. In the severely predisposed heart, these stressors may lead to ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death. Still little is ...
Patel Hitesh - - 2011
Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with systolic heart failure (SHF). The extent of AD when LV ejection fraction is preserved (HF-NEF), is unclear. Our objectives were: 1) quantitative assessment of autonomic function in SHF and HF-NEF; and 2) exploration of relationships among AD, symptoms ...
Buob Axel - - 2010
Autonomic cardiovascular dysfunction is common in Parkinson's disease (PD). Imaging studies suggest loss of cardiac sympathetic nerves even in the absence of clinical signs of autonomic dysfunction. Aim of the study was to investigate the functional significance of autonomic cardiovascular denervation at early stages of PD. Seven PD patients (Hoehn ...
Fu Liang-Wu - - 2010
Myocardial ischaemia activates cardiac sympathetic afferents leading to chest pain and reflex cardiovascular responses. Previous studies have shown that a brief period of myocardial ischaemia increases endothelin in cardiac venous plasma draining ischaemic myocardium and that exogenous endothelin excites cutaneous group III and IV sensory nerve fibres. The present study ...
Scholte Arthur J H A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes, truly asymptomatic for coronary artery disease (CAD), using heart rate variability (HRV) and (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-mIBG) myocardial scintigraphy. The study group comprised 88 patients with type 2 ...
Pieper Suzanne - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesize that increased heart rate (HR) and decreased heart rate variability (HRV) are not only due to concurrent stressful events and worries but also to stressors and worries occurring in the preceding hours or stressors anticipated to occur in the next hour. Worry was expected to ...
Kimura Kensuke - - 2010
In severe congestive heart failure (CHF), sympathetic overactivity correlates with the exacerbation of cardiac performance. To test the hypothesis that the cardiac sympathetic nerve density dramatically changes with the acceleration of circulating norepinephrine (NE) concentration, we investigated the temporal association of nerve growth factor (NGF) expression in the heart and ...
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