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Hamdan Righab - - 2012
We report the case of a young female with embolic myocardial infarction. The embolic etiology was confirmed by Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography as well as histo-pathology.
Yamashita Seigo - - 2012
We herein present the case of a 60-year-old male with narrow QRS tachycardia who had a remarkable PR prolongation during sinus rhythm. The tachycardia was diagnosed as a slow-fast atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia. Slow pathway ablation was performed after the confirmation of the presence of an antegrade fast pathway. Following ...
Coronado Michael J - - 2012
Myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are often caused by viral infections and occur more frequently in men than in women, but the reasons for the sex difference remain unclear. The aim of this study was to assess whether gene changes in the heart during coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) myocarditis in male ...
El-Busaid H - - 2012
Atrioventricular annuli are important in haemodynamic flexibility, competence, and support for tricuspid and mitral valves. The anatomical features of the annuli, such as circumference, organisation of connective tissue fibres, myocardium, and cellularity, may predispose to annular insufficiency and valvular incompetence. These pathologies occur more commonly in females, although the anatomical ...
O'Connor Erin K - - 2012
Low endogenous testosterone levels have been shown to be a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular benefits associated with testosterone replacement therapy are being advocated; however, the effects of endogenous testosterone levels on acute coronary vasomotor responses to androgen administration are not clear. The objective of ...
Damman Peter - - 2012
To evaluate gender differences in the prognostic value of renal function for mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Prospective single-center cohort. Single tertiary referral center in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Patients consecutive STEMI patients undergoing PPCI (1412 men and 558 women). The authors ...
Kohro Takahide - - 2012
The 'evidence' in evidence-based medicine (EBM) is often limited to knowledge obtained from randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT). Most RCTs, however, have strict enrollment criteria which make patient background characteristics and clinical histories significantly different from those encountered in actual practice. Thus it is important to accumulate and analyze data ...
Inami Shigenobu - - 2012
A 58-year-old male with a history of prior myocardial infarction, hypertension, and dyslipidemia was admitted due to deteriorating exertional angina. A bare metal stent (Multilink plus<sup>TM</sup>, GUIDANT Corporation, Santa Clara, CA, USA) had been implanted into the proximal left anterior descending artery because of ST-elevation myocardial infarction 7 years earlier. ...
Larsen Timothy R - - 2012
Palindromic rheumatism is a rare disease associated with systemic inflammation. Negative or constrictive coronary artery remodeling is typically not seen until the 7th or 8th decade of life. We report a case of a young female with palindromic rheumatism who suffered a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction secondary to a ...
Wang Meijing - - 2012
Gender-specific disparities have been observed in myocardium exposed to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF). Male myocardium demonstrates greater loss in cardiac function in the presence of a given TNF level compared to female. In addition, we have previously demonstrated that estrogen has little influence on reducing TNF-caused myocardial dysfunction in female ...
Sledjeski Eve M - - 2012
To better understand the psychophysiological correlates of peritraumatic dissociation (PD), the present study examined the relationship between reports of prior PD and sympathetic and parasympathetic functioning in response to a laboratory stress paradigm in 39 traumatized female undergraduates. Participants were asked to talk about their most distressing traumatizing experience while ...
GlaveckaitÄ— Sigita - - 2011
This article presents the case of a 54-year-old male with evidence of myocardial ischemia at rest. In our case, by means of cardiovascular magnetic resonance, myocardial ischemia at rest in theoretical left anterior descending artery territory was proved, myocardial scar was excluded, and need for revascularization was validated.
Dinkhuysen Jarbas Jakson - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We attempt to reduce the ischemic time during implantation of the donor heart in the bicaval bipulmonary orthotopic position using normothermic beating heart and thus, facilitate the transplanted heart adaptation to the recipient. This study presents a small experience about a new strategy of myocardial protection during ...
Goel Pravin K - - 2011
We report a case of cardiac tamponade caused by a coronary microleak from an unapparent site that was successfully managed by sealing of the pericardial space with intrapericardial injection of sterile synthetic glue which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first report of its kind for post-PCI coronary ...
Yerebakan Can - - 2011
An elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery was performed on a 50-year-old male with an implanted two-chamber pacemaker in our clinic. Right ventricular adhesion to the inferior pericardium was detected following pericardiotomy. After the institution of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), careful preparation of the adhesion revealed prior perforation due to ...
Hwang Hui-Jeong - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several studies demonstrated that endothelial or atherosclerotic biomarkers, including plasma free insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), adiponectin, and leptin have an influence on coronary endothelial function. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether change of coronary flow velocity of the distal left anterior ...
Far Hamid Reza Mobini - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) has been associated with hypertrophy of the left cardiac ventricle (LVH) as diagnosed by echocardiography. Case reports suggest that AAS-related LVH may lead to sudden death. We performed an investigation of the gross cardiac pathological findings in deceased male AAS users in ...
Patel Dimpi - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation catheter ablation has gained a significant role in the management of the frequent arrhythmia and has been shown to be safe and effective. As with many other interventional therapies, gender bias is present and females are referred for catheter ablation less frequently than their male counterparts. Women referred ...
Dobson Laura E - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation is an evidence-based intervention which has evolved over time and incorporates physical, psycho-social and educational components with the aim of improving the patients' functioning following a cardiac event. The evidence base for cardiac rehabilitation following acute myocardial infarction has been growing over the past half a century. Individual ...
Gale Chris P - - 2011
AimsTo examine age-dependent in-hospital mortality for hospitalization with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in England and Wales.Methods and resultsMixed-effects regression analysis using data from 616 011 ACS events at 255 hospitals as recorded in the Myocardial Ischemia National Audit Project (MINAP) 2003-2010; 102 415 (16.7%) patients were aged <55 years and ...
Chen Tao - - 2011
A one-stage repair was planned for an 11-year-old boy with tetralogy of Fallot. After initial attempts to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass were unsuccessful, an atrial septal defect and a ventricular septal defect were created in order to achieve hemodynamic stability. The boy recovered from the operation but had large volume ...
Jongjirasiri Sutipong - - 2011
Delineate normal data in a Thai population for global left ventricular function, left ventricular mass (LVM), and LV mass index (LVMI) by gated volumetric CT angiography (CTA). Two hundred twenty seven patients with intermediate risk factors for CAD were referred for CT coronary angiography. The non-hypertensive and non-diabetic asymptomatic group ...
Gillespie A - - 2011
An adult female dugong (Dugong dugon) was found dead and floating in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. This animal was found to have a 360° mesenteric volvulus with infarction of the associated segment of small intestine, and fibrinous peritonitis. Mortality was attributed to the volvulus and its sequelae. The cause was ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2011
Abstract  A 68-year-old female with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), fibrous subaortic stenosis, mitro-aortic valve insufficiencies, and congenital left ventricular diverticulum (CLVD) at apical level was diagnosed after syncope. Although the association between HOCM and CLVD has been previously reported, no case has ever been disclosed in advanced adulthood. (J Card Surg ...
Boogers Mark J - - 2011
Heart failure represents a common disease affecting approximately 5 million patients in the United States. Several conditions play an important role in the development and progression of heart failure, including abnormalities in myocardial blood flow and sympathetic innervation. Nuclear imaging represents the only imaging modality with sufficient sensitivity to assess ...
Huang Chunyan - - 2011
Gender differences exist in myocardial response to acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and estrogen mediates cardioprotection in the female heart after I/R. Accumulating evidence has indicated that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is increased in the ischemic heart and initiates cardioprotective effects. However, it is unknown whether SDF-1 plays a role in ...
Chua Sarah - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that gender has a significant impact on cardiac inflammation, fibrosis, and survival after myocardial infarction (MI) in a murine model of left coronary artery ligation (CAL) by investigating the underlying cellular-molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Age-matched male and female mice were ...
Niemann Markus - - 2011
We hypothesized that Fabry cardiomyopathy in female patients might differ substantially from that in male patients and sought to prove this hypothesis in a large cohort consisting of 104 patients with Fabry disease. Fabry cardiomyopathy in male patients is characterized by left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, impaired myocardial function, and subsequent ...
Tarcan Onurcan - - 2011
We performed a totally endoscopic resection of a left ventricular myxoma using the Heart Port Endoclamp System and conventional endoscopic instruments in a young male patient. It is a feasible and safe procedure with good clinical results and an excellent cosmetic outcome.
Cornelussen Richard N - - 2011
In this review, we report on electrical modalities, which do not fit the definition of pacemaker, but increase cardiac performance either by direct application to the heart (e.g., post-extrasystolic potentiation or non-excitatory stimulation) or indirectly through activation of the nervous system (e.g., vagal or sympathetic activation). The physiological background of ...
Amasyalı Basri - - 2011
Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common form of paroxysmal regular supraventricular tachycardia in adults. It is typically induced with an anterograde block over the fast pathway (FP) and conduction over the slow pathway (SP), with subsequent retrograde conduction over the FP. Rarely, a simultaneous conduction of a ...
Dennison Sophie E - - 2011
A yearling California sea lion Zalophus californianus stranded in poor body condition, and on physical examination a heart murmur was audible bilaterally. The sea lion was diagnosed with a left-to-right shunting membranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) using B-mode, color-flow Doppler and continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography. A left-to-right intracardiac shunting lesion was ...
Schwartz Peter J - - 2011
Sympathetic-parasympathetic interaction plays a major role in the evolution and outcome of many cardiovascular disorders. Nonetheless, a thorough understanding of this relationship and of its potential implications for prognosis and management still escapes many cardiologists. This article reviews the background of sympathetic-parasympathetic interactions focusing on the best direct evidence available, ...
Bibevski Steve - - 2011
Parasympathetic control of the heart via the vagus nerve is the primary mechanism that regulates beat-to-beat control of heart rate. Additionally, the vagus nerve exerts significant effects at the AV node, as well as effects on both atrial and ventricular myocardium. Vagal control is abnormal in heart failure, occurring at ...
Lamont Kim T - - 2011
Epidemiological studies suggest that regular moderate consumption of red wine confers cardioprotection but the mechanisms involved in this effect remain unclear. Recent studies demonstrate the presence of melatonin in wine. We propose that melatonin, at a concentration found in red wine, confers cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Furthermore, we investigated whether ...
Wang Li-Li - - 2011
Evidence suggests that substance P (SP) participates in the pathology of acute myocardial ischemia and infarction but the profiles of the peptide in regulation of cardiac functions are still elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of substance P in regulation of cardiac functions and its ...
Kossaify Antoine - - 2011
Aortic cusps originating arrhythmias are rare; they have special electrocardiogram features that help to locate the site of origin. We report on a 20-year-old male patient without structural heart disease presenting with accelerated idioventricular rhythm; electrocardiogram analysis was typical of left coronary cusp origin.
Ueda Naohisa - - 2011
A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with altered mental status and weakness in the left upper and lower limbs. A brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated multiple cerebral infarctions in the bilateral frontal and parietal lobes and in the left occipital lobe. Magnetic resonance angiography indicated overall arterial wall ...
Sugimoto Tsutomu - - 2011
We describe a new technique for the early surgical repair of a posterior postinfarction ventricular septal perforation (VSP) in two consecutive female patients. The occurrence of a posterior VSP is rare, and its repair is technically difficult because the posteromedial papillary muscle is located adjacent to the intraventricular septum. This ...
Letsas Konstantinos P - - 2011
Left ventricular outflow tract arrhythmias originating from the aortomitral continuity, the left coronary cusp, the superior basal septum, and the epicardial left ventricular summit display common electrocardiographic and electrophysiological features, probably due to the close proximity of those locations. Catheter ablation of these arrhythmias can be challenging. The case of ...
Kossaify Antoine - - 2011
A 75-year-old-male patient with dual chamber pacemaker presented with a bizarre EKG showing a unique spike within the QRS complex. Apparent PR interval was 160 ms and effective atrio-right ventricular delay was 210 ms due to right bundle branch block. Sensed AV delay was set at 180 ms causing pseudofusions. ...
Klaiman Jordan M - - 2011
Rainbow trout remain active in waters that seasonally change between 4°C and 20°C. To explore how these fish are able to maintain cardiac function over this temperature range we characterized changes in cardiac morphology, contractile function, and the expression of contractile proteins in trout following acclimation to 4°C (cold), 12°C ...
Kasama Shu - - 2011
Background Many studies have shown that cardiac sympathetic nerve activity evaluated by [(123)I]m-iodobenzylguanidine ([(123)I]MIBG) scintigraphic study during a stable period is useful for determining the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure. Objective To examine whether results of this imaging method performed 3&emsp14;weeks after the onset of ST-segment elevation myocardial ...
Kapa Suraj - - 2010
The autonomic nervous system plays an integral role in the modulation of normal cardiac electrophysiology. This is achieved via a complex network of pre- and postganglionic sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers that synapse on extrinsic and intrinsic cardiac ganglia and ultimately directly innervate cardiac myocytes. Alterations in autonomic tone may induce ...
Alston Eric N - - 2011
Cardiac function is regulated by a balance of sympathetic and parasympathetic transmission. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and galanin (GAL) released from cardiac sympathetic neurons inhibits parasympathetic transmission in the heart. Sympathetic peptides may contribute to autonomic imbalance, which is characterized by increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic transmission and contributes to life ...
Donner Birgit C - - 2011
TASK-1, a member of the recently identified K2P channel family, is mainly expressed in the heart and the nervous system. TASK-1 is regulated by several physiological and pathological conditions and functions as a background potassium channel. However, there are limited data concerning the significance of TASK-1 in cardiac physiology. We ...
Mills Nicholas L NL Centre for Cardiovascular Science, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2011
Exposure to air pollution is associated with increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study was undertaken to determine the effect of diesel exhaust inhalation on heart rhythm and heart rate variability in healthy volunteers and patients with coronary heart disease. Double-blind randomised crossover studies in a university teaching hospital. ...
Bonnemeier Hendrik - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess potential differences in cardiac autonomic nervous modulation in patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome (AB) and the midventricular variant (MB) of this syndrome. We hypothesized that differences in regional distribution of cardiac autonomic innervation in AB and MB may ...
Sultana Riffat - - 2010
Hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with increased risk of arrhythmias and mortality. Objective was to investigate the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias and LVH in systemic hypertension. In all subjects blood pressure was measured, electrocardiography and echocardiography was done. Holter monitoring and exercise test perform in certain cases. There ...
Nasr Gamela - - 2010
Rheumatic fever is still a common cause of acquired heart disease in children and young adult in many developing countries. The aim was to investigate the role of myocardial involvement in the hemodynamic changes in patients with acute rheumatic fever using cardiac troponin assay and echocardiography. A prospective cohort study ...
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