Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1267
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Ribeiro A L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Parasympathetic dysautonomia is an established feature of advanced Chagas cardiomyopathy. However, in the absence of cardiac involvement, the presence of vagal dysfunction remains controversial. In a cross-sectional study, we compared patients with Chagas disease without cardiac involvement and healthy individuals by three different methods to determine whether vagal dysfunction ...
Döven O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate cardiac autonomic control in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and to assess the indexes of heart rate variability (HRV) in relation to the clinical and echocardiographic features. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (17 male, six female: mean age 43+/-11) with ...
Yoshida N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cardiac (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging is widely used to assess cardiac sympathetic neuronal function. However, physiologic significance of impaired cardiac MIBG uptake is not fully elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to determine influences of abnormal cardiac sympathetic neuronal function on heart rate variability (HRV) and ventricular repolarization ...
Singh R B - - 2001
Recent studies indicate that there is an interaction between biorhythms, the biological clock and triggers, which may be important in the pathogenesis of altered heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV). Circadian rhythms are under the influence of, and physiological variables are mediated by the activation of the ...
Notarius C F - - 2001
Spectral analysis of heart rate variability has gained popularity as a simple, non-invasive tool for assessing autonomic function in both normal subjects and in patients in a variety of clinical settings. However, the use of this method as a means of estimating the magnitude of cardiac sympathetic activation in individual ...
Chiladakis J A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: We have investigated the potential relationship between cardiac autonomic activity and accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) in response to reperfusion in the setting of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) through spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 16 patients with AMI who developed spontaneous sustained ...
Khan M S - - 2001
Asymmetric innervation of the myocardium, especially a predominance of sympathetic innervation, may establish conditions whereby electrical instability could result. Using a swine animal model, we studied the effect of right cardiac vagal denervation on the variability of R-R and Q-T intervals. Newborn pigs were assigned randomly to two groups: sham-operated ...
Kawada T - - 2001
To elucidate the pathophysiological roles of vagosympathetic interactions in ischemia-induced myocardial norepinephrine (NE) and acetylcholine (ACh) release, we measured myocardial interstitial NE and ACh levels in response to a left anterior descending coronary occlusion in the following groups of anesthetized cats: intact autonomic innervation (INT, n = 7); vagotomy (VX, ...
Stevens M J - - 2001
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common complication of diabetes, which results in disabling clinical manifestations and may predispose to sudden cardiac death. Recently, direct scintigraphic assessment of cardiac sympathetic integrity has become possible with the introduction of radiolabeled analogues of norepinephrine, which are actively taken up by the sympathetic ...
Lin L Y - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: The slope of the power spectrum in heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the fractal or scaling behavior in HR dynamics and recently was confirmed as an independent predictor of postmyocardial infarction survival. Whether or not the new measurement in HRV foresees the functional evolution in patients with advanced congestive ...
Sato H - - 2001
The aim of this study was to explore the effects of nifedipine retard on heart rate and autonomic balance in patients with ischemic heart disease. Fourteen patients with ischemic heart disease (12 men and two women; mean age 64 years) were administered nifedipine retard at a daily dose of 20-40 ...
Kochiadakis G E - - 2000
Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) was used to assess changes in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) 10 minutes before, during, and 10 minutes after 110 ischemic episodes (IEs) in 38 patients (25 men, age 61 +/- 10 years) with stable coronary artery disease. In 26 of 77 diurnal ...
Cottee D B - - 2000
1. The regional coronary circulation is under the control of local metabolic and myogenic factors, but is also influenced by autonomic systems, including sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves. 2. General anaesthetic agents influence not only local control through changes in metabolic demand, but also neural control through suppression of autonomic influence. ...
Ohuchi H - - 2000
There are few studies of cardiac autonomic nervous activity (CANA) in patients with congenital heart disease. Methods and Results-We evaluated CANA in 54 patients after closure of an atrial/ventricular septal defect (group A), 54 patients after successful right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR) (group B1), 35 RVOTR patients with residual ...
Wessel N - - 2000
Standard time and frequency parameters of heart rate variability (HRV) describe only linear and periodic behaviour, whereas more complex relationships cannot be recognised. A method that may be capable of assessing more complex properties is the non-linear measure of 'renormalised entropy.' A new concept of the method, RE(AR), has been ...
Lombardi F - - 2000
Time- and frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been proven effective in describing alteration of autonomic control mechanisms and in identifying patients with increased cardiac and arrhythmic mortality. Patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators offer the opportunity to evaluate HRV patterns before ventricular tachycardia (VT) and under control conditions. ...
Gorman J M - - 2000
Loss of normal autonomic nervous system control of heart rate and rhythm is an important risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. After myocardial infarction, reduction in beat-to-beat heart rate variability, a measure of cardiac autonomic innervation by the brain, is a strong predictor of death. With loss of vagal innervation, ...
Korkmaz M E - - 2000
Recent data show that blockade of aldosterone receptors by spironoloctone reduces the risk of morbidity and death among patients with severe heart failure. Heart failure secondary to ischemia is characterized by an imbalance of the autonomic nervous system, which can be assessed by analysis of the heart rate variability (HRV). ...
Pinna G D - - 2000
AIMS: The ATRAMI (Autonomic Tone and Reflexes After Myocardial Infarction) study has proved the independent prognostic value of baroreflex sensitivity. A limitation of the traditional method of estimating baroreflex sensitivity by phenylephrine, is the need to monitor intra-arterial blood pressure. Our objective was to establish whether this invasive method of ...
Shite J - - 2000
Selegiline is a centrally acting sympatholytic agent with neuroprotective properties. It also has been shown to promote sympathetic reinnervation after sympathectomy. These actions of selegiline may be beneficial in heart failure that is characterized by increased sympathetic nervous activity and functional sympathetic denervation. Twenty-seven rabbits with rapid cardiac pacing (360 ...
Estorch M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Sinus bradycardia in trained athletes is predominantly a manifestation of increased vagal tone, but it is not known whether an alteration in the cardiac sympathetic system can contribute to blunted chronotropic response. This study assessed the integrity of the sympathetic system in trained athletes with sinus bradycardia by means ...
Guo N - - 2000
To compare the efficacy and sensitivity of heart rate variability (HRV), QT dispersion (QTd) and ventricular late potential (VLP) examination in judging autonomic function. Thirty three patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 33 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), all of whom were diagnosed with autonomic neuropathy determined by a ...
Laitio T T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Dynamic measures of heart rate variability (HRV) may uncover abnormalities that are not easily detectable with traditional time and frequency domain measures. The purpose of this study was to characterize changes in RR-interval dynamics in the immediate postoperative phase of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery using traditional and ...
Sakamaki F - - 2000
It remains unclear whether cardiac sympathetic nervous function is disturbed in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH) and how sympathetic dysfunction is related to PH. METHODS: In this study, (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging of the heart, which reveals the sympathetic innervation of the left ventricle, was performed in 7 healthy volunteers ...
Kazuta T - - 2000
Iodine123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine, a radioiodinated analogue of norepinephrine, is a tracer for evaluating sympathetic function. We used iodine123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy and sympathetic skin response to study autonomic nervous functions in 19 patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) and 20 control subjects. Planar imaging of all the participants was done to evaluate ...
Uijtdehaage S H - - 2000
Invasive animal models indicate that the accelerative effects of the sympathetic nervous system on heart rate are highly dependent on the background level of vagal activity. A noninvasive, parasympathetic chronotropic index (respiratory sinus arrhythmia) and a sympathetic chronotropic index (left ventricular ejection time) were used to evaluate autonomic control of ...
Lucreziotti S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In advanced chronic heart failure (CHF), correlation between heart rate variability (HRV) and parameters of disease severity is still unclear. A reduced HRV has been related to left but not to right ventricular function parameters. Moreover, the prognostic role of spectral measures is not fully defined. We sought to ...
Tio R A - - 2000
Experimental data have shown that rIL2 has negative inotropic properties. This has not been investigated in humans with normal left ventricular function. Seventeen consecutive renal cell carcinoma patients who received rIL2 therapy because of dissemination were analyzed before and after treatment with a low dose of rIL2 subcutaneously. Left ventricular ...
Rosen H - - 2000
We investigated the relationship between spectral power and both mean heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV). Spectral power was calculated using digital heart rate recordings from term infants. Regression analysis revealed a positive correlation between low-frequency (LF) sympathetic power and HR, and a negative correlation between high-frequency (HF) ...
Kuo C D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine which recumbent position can lead to the highest vagal modulation in patients during the acute phase of myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Intensive care unit in a medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 52 patients admitted to the intensive care unit because of acute myocardial infarction ...
Hoffmann J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between cardiac autonomic tone, assessed by baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability, and left ventricular function, arrhythmias on Holter monitoring, and clinical variables in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. PATIENTS: 160 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and preserved sinus rhythm ...
Calvert C A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the salient variables of the time-domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) in clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and to compare those variables with those of Doberman Pinschers with cardiomyopathy and mild to moderate myocardial failure. ANIMALS: 46 Doberman Pinschers. PROCEDURE: HRV was analyzed in the time-domain from ...
Cao J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic nerve activity is known to be important in ventricular arrhythmogenesis, but there is little information on the relation between the distribution of cardiac sympathetic nerves and the occurrence of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 53 native hearts of transplant recipients, 5 hearts obtained ...
Kaye D M - - 2000
Maintenance of cardiac performance is tightly controlled by the autonomic nervous system. In congestive heart failure (CHF), although the adverse pathophysiological effects of cardiac sympathetic overactivity are increasingly recognized, the paradoxical finding of reduced sympathetic innervation density in the failing heart remains unexplained. Given these observations, we tested the hypothesis ...
Langer O - - 2000
The radiolabeled catecholamine analogue (1R, 2S)-6-[(18)F]fluorometaraminol (6-[(18)F]FMR) is a substrate for the neuronal norepinephrine transporter. It has been used as a positron emission tomography (PET) ligand to map sympathetic nerves in dog heart. 6-[(18)F]FMR could be only synthesized with low specific radioactivity, which precluded its use in human subjects. We ...
Bonnemeier H - - 2000
Depressed heart rate variability (HRV) has been associated with adverse outcome during and after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The effects of reperfusion in AMI on the course of HRV have not been well characterized as yet. We analyzed 123 consecutive patients with a first AMI who underwent successful reperfusion (Thrombolysis ...
Uberfuhr P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Orthotopic heart transplantation (HTx) results in complete cardiac denervation. Reestablished partial sympathetic nerve function has been found in patients some years after HTx. However, the atrial and ventricular regional patterns of reinnervation have not been established. METHODS: Two parallel methods were used to evaluate the regional restoration of sympathetic ...
Palomba D - - 2000
The autonomic basis of cardiac reactions to unpleasant film stimuli was investigated. Film clips depicting major surgery, threats of violence, and neutral material were presented to 46 subjects. Self-report measures of emotion were obtained, as well as heart rate, respiration rate, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, T-wave amplitude and skin conductance level. ...
Tjeerdsma G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Mibefradil was recently withdrawn from the market because of an unfavorable clinical profile in patients with chronic heart failure. Although drug interactions appear to play a role, other mechanisms such as proarrhythmia and autonomic deterioration could also be relevant. Chronic heart failure is accompanied by autonomic impairment and analysis ...
Stein P K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Clinical and demographic determinants of heart rate variability (HRV), an almost universal predictor of increased mortality, have not been systematically investigated in patients post myocardial infarction (MI). HYPOTHESIS: The study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between pretreatment clinical and demographic variables and HRV in the Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression ...
Esler M - - 2000
Recent demonstration that the level of sympathetic nervous drive to the failing heart in patients with severe heart failure is a major determinant of prognosis, and that mortality in heart failure is reduced by beta-adrenergic blockade, indicate the clinical relevance of heart failure neuroscience research. The cardiac sympathetic nerves are ...
Patel K P - - 2000
A number of neurohumoral processes are activated in heart failure, including an increase in the plasma concentration of norepinephrine. Few studies have been performed to examine the role of the central nervous system in the activation of sympathetic outflow during heart failure (HF). In this paper I review these limited ...
Biswas P K - - 2000
Chronic heart failure is associated with excessive neurohormonal activation. Analysis of heart rate variability is considered a valid technique for assessment of the autonomic balance of the heart. Twenty symptomatic patients of dilated cardiomyopathy in NYHA class II-IV symptomatic status and as many normal controls were subjected to 24 hours ...
Lanza G A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have recently demonstrated a striking impairment in cardiac uptake of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in most patients with syndrome X. In this study we investigated the relationship between cardiac MIBG defects and cardiac autonomic activity in these patients. METHODS: MIBG myocardial scintigraphy and time-domain and frequency-domain heart rate variability (HRV) ...
Inazumi T - - 2000
Although the autonomic nervous system has been implicated in the genesis of coronary spasm, the precise mechanism by which it serves as the trigger of coronary spasm remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in autonomic nervous activity associated with ischemic episodes in patients with variant ...
Wang W - - 2000
Heart failure is characterized by an elevation in sympathetic tone. The mechanisms responsible for this sympatho-excitation of heart failure are not completely understood. Several studies from this laboratory have compared differences in the cardiac "sympathetic afferent" reflex between sham dogs and dogs with pacing-induced heart failure. We found 1) that ...
Wennerblom B - - 2000
AIM: To investigate whether uncomplicated chronic coronary artery disease causes changes in heart rate variability and if so, whether the heart rate variability pattern is different from that described in patients with acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Heart rate variability was studied in 65 patients with angina who had no previous ...
Clark A L - - 2000
Chronic heart failure is characterised by excess adrenergic activity that augurs a poor prognosis. The reasons for increased adrenergic activity are complex and incompletely understood. The circumstantial evidence relating increased activity to adverse outcome is powerful, but not yet conclusive. In normal subjects, autonomic control of the circulation is predominantly ...
Davila D F - - 2000
Cardiac chambers have afferent connections to the brainstem and to the spinal cord. Vagal afferents mediate depressor responses and become activated by volume expansion, increased myocardial contractility and atrial natriuretic factor. Sympathetic afferents, on the contrary, are activated by metabolic mediators, myocardial ischemia and cardiac enlargement. These opposite behaviors may ...
Yi G - - 2000
Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis from 24-hour ambulatory ECG has been widely used in risk stratification of patients after myocardial infarction (MI). The accuracy of HRV assessment is known to potentially vary when different commercial systems are used. However, the consistency of HRV measurements has never been fully investigated. Twenty-six ...
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