Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1273
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Singh Ram B - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To review mechanisms of circadian variations in heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV) and mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHODS: Results from 7-day/24-h HRV and BPV are interpreted by gender and age-specified reference values in the context of a Medline search. RESULTS: Abnormal ...
Gang Yi - - 2003
Autonomic nervous system plays an integral role in homeostasis. Autonomic modulation can frequently be altered in patients with cardiac disorders as well as in patients with other critical illnesses or injuries. Assessment of heart rate variability is based on analysis of consecutive normal R-R intervals and may provide quantitative information ...
Zosky Graeme R - - 2003
We investigated the effect of parasympathetic antagonism on the patterns of heart rate during torpor in the western pygmy possum Cercatetus concinnus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). This is the first study to examine the influence of the autonomic nervous system on cardiac function in a metatherian hibernator. During torpor, antagonism of the ...
Galuszka Jan - - 2002
Heart rate variability evaluation is a useful diagnostic tool for autonomic nervous balance assessment. The role of the autonomic nervous system in aetiology of atrial fibrillation is sometimes clear as a trigger from a patient's history, but mostly it acts as a modulating factor which is not easy to detect. ...
Utell Mark J - - 2002
A recent series of epidemiologic reports have shown associations between fine particulate matter (PM) levels and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Elevated PM levels have been linked with cardiac events, including serious ventricular arrhythmias and myocardial infarction. A workshop brought together epidemiologists, cardiologists, and toxicologists from academia, government, and industry ...
Sosnowski Maciej - - 2002
THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE: (1) to establish the normal limit of the heart rate variability (HRV) indices in a healthy population and in its four age-related subgroups, including a new HRV index, HRV fraction; and (2) to analyse the frequency and predictive value of abnormally low HRV in ...
Toledo Eran - - 2003
Myocardial infarction (MI) is known to elicit activation of the autonomic nervous system. Reperfusion, induced by thrombolysis, is thus expected to bring about a shift in the balance between the sympathetic and vagal systems, according to the infarct location. In this study, we explored the correlation between reperfusion and the ...
Goldstein David S - - 2002
The term dysautonomia refers to a change in autonomic nervous system function that adversely affects health. The changes range from transient, occasional episodes of neurally mediated hypotension to progressive neurodegenerative diseases; from disorders in which altered autonomic function plays a primary pathophysiologic role to disorders in which it worsens an ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study was conceived to explore the correspondence between scintigraphic imaging of the sympathetic innervation of human postischemic left ventricular aneurysms and direct immunohistochemical localization of the nerve fibers in the same area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 7 patients undergoing left ventricular aneurysmectomy for postischemic ventricular aneurysm, the findings ...
Ros Magdalena - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular isovolumic relaxation responses to changes in afterload or preload may be mediated, in part, by reflex changes in sympathetic nervous system activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors examined whether changes in left ventricular isovolumic relaxation during changes in load were associated with changes in cardiac norepinephrine spillover. ...
Boardman A - - 2002
The long-term aims of this study are to find a parameter derived from the ECG that has a high sensitivity and specificity to asphyxia and, once we know or suspect that asphyxia occurred, to estimate how severe it was. We carried out a pilot study in which 24 adult Wistar ...
Gerson Myron C - - 2002
Carvedilol treatment reduces the mortality rate in patients with congestive heart failure. It is not known whether carvedilol treatment is effective in heart failure patients with substantial cardiac sympathetic nerve dysfunction. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of chronic carvedilol treatment in patients with cardiac sympathetic ...
Goldstein David S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and repeated neurocardiogenic presyncope (NCS), orthostatic intolerance occurs without persistent sympathetic neurocirculatory failure. Whether these conditions involve abnormal cardiac sympathetic innervation or function has been unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with POTS or NCS underwent measurements of neurochemical indices of cardiac release, reuptake, and ...
Barman Susan M - - 2003
We tested the hypothesis that the cardiac-related rhythm in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) of humans reflects entrainment of a central oscillator by pulse-synchronous baroreceptor nerve activity. Partial autospectral analysis was used to mathematically remove the portion of cardiac-related power in MSNA autospectra that was attributable to its linear relationship ...
Rong Peijing - - 2002
It has been demonstrated that an important clinical phenomenon often associated with visceral diseases is the referred pain to somatic structures, especially to the body area of homo-segmental innervation. It is interesting that the somatic foci of cardiac referred pain were often and mainly distributed along the heart meridian (HM), ...
Davos Constantinos H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) remain devastating late complications after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). Although heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are recognized as independent markers of autonomic activity and strong predictors of SCD in major cardiovascular disease, little is known ...
Zhao Ning - - 2002
This study was carried out to determine whether selective cardiac autonomic denervation performed on neonatal swine would evoke dysrhythmias later in development. Piglets (n = 27; 5-10 days old) underwent unilateral stellate ganglion ablation, or right cardiac vagotomy, or sham surgery. Fifty to sixty days after denervation, acute experiments were ...
Folino Antonio Franco - - 2002
The identification of subjects with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) at higher risk for sudden death is an unresolved issue. An influence of the autonomic activity on the genesis of ventricular arrhythmias was postulated. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis provides a useful method to measure autonomic activity, and is a ...
Stein Phyllis K - - 2002
Real world clinical Holter reports are often difficult to interpret from a heart rate variability (HRV) perspective. In many cases HRV software is absent. Step-by-step HRV assessment from clinical Holter reports includes: making sure that there is enough usable data, assessing maximum and minimum heart rates, assessing circadian HRV from ...
Lombardi Federico - - 2002
Time and frequency domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a non invasive technique capable of providing information on autonomic modulation of the sinus node and of stratifying risk after myocardial infarction and in heart failure. One of the basic assumptions used to explain the negative predictive value of ...
Guzik Przemysław - - 2002
Identification of high-risk cardiac patients is crucial for stratification strategies and prevention of cardiovascular events, including death. Single ventricular premature beat triggers some oscillations in cardiac cycle duration (the shortening followed by the lengthening of the cycle intervals) in healthy subjects and low-risk patients with ischaemic heart disease and/or heart ...
Imamura Yoshihiro - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of I-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy findings, and establish the most appropriate method for calculating myocardial MIBG activity in patients with left ventricular dysfunction due to cardiomyopathy (CM). METHODS: Predictors of cardiac death related to progressive heart failure (HF) were examined in 150 patients with ...
Wichterle Dan - - 2002
Proper understanding of the mechanisms involved in heart rate turbulence (HRT) may offer an explanation of why it is such a potent postinfarction risk stratifier. This article reviews the physiological background of ventriculophasic sinus arrhythmia-a phenomenon which shares some underlying physiological features with HRT including cardiac autonomic regulation. It is ...
Zosky G R - - 2002
This study investigated the effect of parasympathetic inhibition on the cardio-ventilatory interaction during torpor in the fat-tailed dunnart (Sminthopsis crassicaudata). Studies on the influence of the autonomic nervous system on cardiac function during torpor have focused on deep hibernation in eutherians. S. crassicaudata was used as a representative of the ...
Lameris Thomas W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that epinephrine augments the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic nerve terminals through stimulation of presynaptic receptors, but evidence pertaining to this mechanism in the heart is scarce and conflicting. Using the microdialysis technique in the porcine heart, we investigated whether epinephrine, taken up by and ...
Hongo Minoru - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although a high incidence of myocardial adrenergic denervation has been reported in patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy, assessment of cardiac sympathetic nerve function has not been available in patients with AL (primary) amyloidosis. METHODS: To test the hypothesis that myocardial sympathetic nerve innervation might be impaired and variable according ...
Petersson Magnus J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with renovascular hypertension (RVH) have high cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. In these patients, overall sympathetic nerve activity is increased. It is unknown, however, whether this increase also involves the heart. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that cardiac sympathetic activity is increased in patients with hypertension and renal artery ...
Brunner Michael - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) and left ventricular reduction by endoventricular patch plasty (LVR) are 2 new surgical procedures performed in patients with endstage coronary artery disease and left ventricular dilation/aneurysms, respectively. As these are performed in patients at high risk for sudden cardiac death and may interact with arrhythmogenesis, ...
Kitagawa Hirotoshi - - 2002
With the use of the microdialysis technique, we examined the modulatory effect of ketamine on catecholamine efflux from in vivo cardiac sympathetic nerve endings. A dialysis probe was implanted in the left ventricular myocardium, and dialysate norepinephrine (NE) levels in anesthetized cats were measured with liquid chromatogram-electrical detection. A 60-min ...
Abe Yusei - - 2002
The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of preinfarction angina on heart rate variability (HRV) in anterior wall acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A total of 36 patients experiencing their first anterior wall AMI were prospectively examined. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence ...
Wang Liuyi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transdermal scopolamine increased cardiac vagal activity in patients during the acute phase of myocardial infarction. METHODS: 30 patients with a first acute myocardial infarction and preserved sinus rhythm who were on no drug that could influence the sinus node were randomly assigned to either treatment group ...
Tateishi Osamu - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB) is an abnormal cyclical pattern of respiratory fluctuations observed during sleep in congestive heart failure (CHF) of poor prognosis. We examined the clinical usefulness of CSB screening using the heart rate variability (HRV) data from the ambulatory electrocardiogram. METHODS: We monitored ambulatory electrocardiograms and respiration simultaneously ...
Steeds Richard P - - 2002
AIMS: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a measure of cardiac autonomic control and is therefore subject to regulation by the renin-angiotensin system. The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of an insertion/deletion polymorphism within the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on HRV in the early stages after ...
Routledge H C - - 2002
Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is a powerful and independent predictor of an adverse prognosis in patients with heart disease and in the general population. The HRV is largely determined by vagally mediated beat to beat variability, conventionally known as respiratory sinus arrhythmia. Thus, HRV is primarily an indicator of ...
Darbin Olivier - - 2002
PURPOSE: Cardiac autonomic changes accompany complex partial seizures and generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and participate, at least partially, in the sudden and unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). The analysis of the heart rate variability (HRV) is one of the simplest ways of providing insight into autonomic functions. The entropy quantifies the ...
Ekholm Eeva - - 2002
The effects of docetaxel treatment on autonomic cardiac function was studied with 24-h ECG recordings in breast cancer patients pretreated with anthracyclines. Twenty-four women were evaluated before docetaxel treatment and after 3-4 courses of docetaxel 100 mg/m(2). The heart rate, cardiac extrasystoles and heart rate variability (HRV) in both the ...
Villareal Rollo P - - 2002
The autonomic nervous system plays a major role in affecting the cardiac milieu and promoting malignant ventricular activity. The measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive tool for assessing the status of the autonomic nervous system. A depressed HRV among post-myocardial infarction patients is a well-established risk factor ...
Ando Makoto - - 2002
The relationship between baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) and cardiac sympathetic nerve function after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was investigated in 34 patients. BRS was measured during the Valsalva maneuver and cardiac sympathetic function was assessed by the washout rate (WR) of I-123 meta-iodo-benzyl guanidine (123I-MIBG) with planar image (global WR) and ...
Langer Oliver - - 2002
The human cardiac nervous system consists of a sympathetic and a parasympathetic branch with (-)-norepinephrine and acetylcholine as the respective endogenous neurotransmitters. Dysfunction of the cardiac nervous system is implicated in various types of cardiac disease, such as heart failure, myocardial infarction and diabetic autonomic neuropathy. In vivo assessment of ...
Wichter Thomas - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with Brugada syndrome present with characteristic ECG abnormalities (atypical right bundle-branch block and ST-segment elevation) and life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias despite structurally normal hearts. Involvement of the autonomic nervous system is suggested by the occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death at rest or during sleep and by changes ...
Joho Shuji - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to elucidate the influence of cardiac sympathetic denervation on the sympathoexcitatory response to acute myocardial ischemia during balloon coronary occlusion (BCO) in humans. BACKGROUND: Alterations of cardiac sympathetic nerve function could modulate sympathetic reflexes originating from the ischemic area. METHODS: In 23 patients with angina ...
Pan Hui-Lin - - 2002
Chest pain caused by myocardial ischemia is mediated by cardiac sympathetic afferents. Although silent nociceptors exist in somatic structures and some visceral organs, their presence in the heart remains uncertain. The present study examined the presence and the functional characteristics of mechanically insensitive cardiac sympathetic afferents using an electrical search ...
Delaney Joseph P A - - 2002
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of myofascial trigger-point massage therapy to the head, neck and shoulder areas on cardiac autonomic tone.Background. No studies have reported on the effect of back massage on autonomic tone as measured by heart rate variability. This is especially relevant to the nursing ...
Bengel Frank M - - 2002
Little is known about the effects of altered sympathetic innervation on the efficiency of the cardiomyopathic heart. Thus, it was the aim of this study to determine non-invasively the relationship between the metabolic cost of cardiac work and alterations of the sympathetic nervous system. In ten patients with chronic idiopathic ...
McCaffery G - - 2002
Multiresolution wavelet analysis has been used to study the heart rate variability in two classes of patients with different pathological conditions. The scale dependent measure of Thurner et al. was found to be statistically significant in discriminating patients suffering from hypercardiomyopathy from a control set of normal subjects. We have ...
Christensen Merete - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To find out if drugs, position, and endoscopic manipulation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) influence the changes in the variability of heart rate. DESIGN: Single-blind randomised trial. SUBJECTS: 10 volunteers given butyscopolamine, glucagon, or saline intravenously on three different study days, and 10 patients who had ERCP without butylscopolamine ...
Zhang Cuntai - - 2002
The effect of the autonomic nerves on the transmural dispersion of ventricular repolarization (TDR) under acute myocardial ischemia in intact canine was investigated. Using the monophasic action potential (MAP) recording technique, MAPs of the epicardium (Epi), mid-myocardium (Mid) and endocardium (Endo) were recorded simultaneously by specially designed plunge-needle electrodes at ...
Muders Frank - - 2002
In the course of cardiac diseases, various neuruhomonal systems in the plasma are activated. So far there have been only isolated results of investigations about the functional state of central neuropeptide systems in cardiac diseases and, in particular, in heart failure. We investigated, therefore, the central vasopressinergic system, an important ...
Majercak I - - 2002
Heart rate variability is the marker of the heart's response to the autonomic nervous system activity. The decrease in HRV is a clinical predictive factor of overall cardiac mortality, and especially that of arrhythmia complications in the population after infarction. The parameters most significantly used in practice include SDNN and ...
Pauza Dainius H - - 2002
The intrinsic cardiac nervous system is known to be important both in the prevention and treatment of risky heart diseases. The present study was designed to determine the topography and 3-dimensional architecture of the intrinsic nervous system in the canine heart highlighting the differences of this system in dogs and ...
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