Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1258
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Bickel Amitai - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The creation of positive pressure pneumoperitoneum (PP) may lead to adverse cardiovascular effects during laparoscopic operations. It can also lead to increased sympathetic cardiac activity, that might have serious consequences. We hypothesized that by reversing the hemodynamic effects, the use of intermittent sequential pneumatic compression device (Lympha-press) on the ...
Verrier Richard L - - 2004
Recent progress in understanding the role of the autonomic nervous system in the development of cardiac arrhythmias is reviewed. The focus is on the translation of basic principles of neural control of heart rhythm that have emerged from experimental studies to clinical applications. Recent studies have made significant strides in ...
O'Leary Deirdre M - - 2003
The fibre types that run in a vagal branch projecting to the rat heart are described in this study. In order to obtain spontaneous discharge in this vagal branch and optimal recording conditions, we compared the decerebrate state to urethane, urethane-chloralose and pentobarbital-chloralose anaesthesia with regard to level of chronotropic ...
Gerson Myron C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with a deletion of 4 consecutive amino acids in the gene encoding for the alpha(2C)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(2C)Del322-325) have an increased prevalence of clinical heart failure, worse clinical status, and a lower left ventricular ejection fraction compared with patients without this deletion. We postulated that patients with the alpha(2C)Del322-325 ...
Cohn Jay N - - 2003
The association between sympathetic activation and mortality in chronic heart failure and the favorable effect of beta blocking drugs has raised the possibility of therapeutic efficacy for central sympathetic inhibition with sustained-release (SR) moxonidine, an imidazoline receptor agonist. A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was initiated in 425 centers in 17 ...
Mangin Laurence - - 2003
Hemodynamic alterations during balloon carotid angioplasty (BCA) and stenting have been ascribed to the consequences of direct carotid baroreceptor stimulation during balloon inflation. BCA with stenting in patients with carotid atheromatous stenoses offers a unique opportunity for elucidating the cardiovascular autonomic response to direct transient intravascular stimulation of the baroreceptors. ...
Arnol Miha - - 2003
Variability in atrioventricular (AV) conduction has been described in healthy subjects, whereas data for coronary patients are lacking. This study was designed to evaluate AV conduction variability in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Beat-to-beat PR interval variability with 5-minute resting high-resolution electrocardiogram recordings was measured in 30 men (mean ...
Toyama Takuji - - 2003
Carvedilol and metoprolol have been reported to be effective in the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure. However, to our knowledge, there have been no studies comparing the effects of the 2 drugs on cardiac function, including cardiac sympathetic nerve activity. We compared 15 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) ...
Karayaylali Ibrahim - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Autonomic neuropathy and impairment of left ventricular functions (LVF) have been frequently encountered in chronic renal failure (CRF). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of cardiac autonomic modulation impairments, as assessed by means of heart rate variability (HRV), with clinical characteristics, and left ventricular ...
Dworschak Martin - - 2003
Impaired heart rate variability (HRV) has been described postoperatively. Diminished HRV may be related to myocardial ischemia and potentially causes circulatory instability. Cardiac ischemic events and a compromised cardiovascular function are not uncommon after aortic surgery. Circadian variation of HRV seems to be a prognostically more important parameter than HRV ...
Kikuchi Yutaka - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Despite anticoagulant therapy, many patients with Kawasaki disease and giant coronary artery aneurysm develop myocardial infarction. These patients have a high risk of sudden death, but the etiology is not clear. We studied autonomic function and the possibility of malignant ventricular arrhythmia through heart rate variability. METHODS: We studied ...
Arora Rakesh C - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that early-stage heart failure differentially affects the intrinsic cardiac nervous system's capacity to regulate cardiac function. After 2 wk of rapid ventricular pacing in nine anesthetized canines, cardiac and right atrial neuronal function were evaluated in situ in response to ...
Chiladakis John A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The cardiodepressor Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR) in acute inferior myocardial infarction (AMI) is traditionally considered as an indicator of successful thrombolysis. HYPOTHESIS: The study aim was to elucidate the role of the autonomic nervous system in the pathogenesis of a BJR response in patients with AMI by tracing spectral profiles ...
Pather N - - 2003
Cardiac sympathetic denervation for intractable angina pectoris in patients unsuitable for conventional revascularization is currently gaining popularity since this procedure may be performed via minimally invasive surgery. A thorough understanding of cardiac innervation and its variations is crucial to successfully effect cardiac denervation. This study aimed to demonstrate the cervical ...
Rossi Lino - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Debate regarding the alterations of the cardiac innervation in an evolving myocardial infarction and transplanted hearts is still raging and most studies are based on radionuclide uptake of neurotransmitters or on the evaluation of the cardiorespiratory reflex. METHODS: The present investigation, upon human autoptic specimens of 57 infarcts and ...
Toweill Daniel L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether heart rate variability metrics provide an accurate method of monitoring depth of anesthesia, assessing the response to painful stimuli, and assessing neuroautonomic regulation of cardiac activity in children receiving propofol anesthesia for short-duration procedures. DESIGN: Prospective, case series. SETTING: Sixteen-bed pediatric intensive care unit, oncology unit, ...
Pyetan Erez - - 2003
When spectral analysis of the heart rate (HR) signal is performed, it is quite common to attribute the HF indexes of heart rate variability (HRV) to cardiac vagal control. The paradigm underlying this attribution states that changes in cardiac vagal outflow correspond to a proportional change in respiratory sinus arrhythmia ...
Parthenakis Fragiskos I - - 2003
Experimental studies have shown that cytokine production by the heart may be regulated by sympathetic nervous system stimulation of cardiac beta-adrenergic receptors. Proinflammatory cytokine levels are increased in heart failure, whereas cardiac fixation of 123-I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) has been used to study myocardial adrenergic innervation. This study was designed to assess ...
Sampaio Karla N - - 2003
Vagal cardioinhibition is exerted through a reduction not only in the heart rate but also in the rate of propagation of the cardiac action potential and in myocardial contractility. In several species, such effects can be produced independently by selective activation of ganglia in identified 'fat pads'. In this study ...
Björkman Jan-Arne - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether stimulation of sympathetic cardiac nerves induces release of the thrombolytic enzyme tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in the coronary vascular bed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Anesthetized pigs were studied in an open chest model. Bilateral vagotomy was performed, and sympathetic cardiac nerves were activated ...
Nakata Tomoaki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although altered cardiac sympathetic innervation is related to fatal outcome, the mechanisms and prognostic value of an initial cardiac metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) defect are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: After quantitative cardiac MIBG imaging, 205 patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <50% were prospectively followed up with a primary end-point ...
Minamihaba Osamu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It is known that heart rate shows complex behavior, long-term fluctuation of heart rate, and short-term fluctuations in heart failure. Analyzing these properties and examining the relationship to the disease, severity may increase the understanding of the background of heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: In 61 patients (mean age ...
Arora Rishi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Iodine 123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging and heart rate variability (HRV) analysis were compared in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) who did and did not receive defibrillator discharges. Although the ICD has been shown to abort potentially fatal ventricular arrhythmias, identification of patients who most benefit from this ...
Tarkiainen Tuula H - - 2003
Epidemiological studies have shown that air pollution is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms behind this association have remained largely unknown, it has been suggested that changes in cardiac autonomic function may play a role. In this study, we investigated the association between acute carbon monoxide (CO) ...
Grassi Guido - - 2003
Animal studies have conclusively shown that the sympathetic nervous system plays a major role not only in regulating sinus node activity but also in promoting cardiac rhythm alterations. Less univocal and often circumstantial have been the evidences collected on this issue in humans. However, the introduction of the microneurographic technique ...
Aggarwal Anuradha - - 2003
This study examined the effects of low doses of intravenous clonidine on regional and global sympathetic nervous system activity in heart failure. In heart failure, adrenoceptor-blocking treatments have a limited sphere of activity. Centrally acting sympatholytic therapies should be further investigated, with a specific emphasis on targeting cardiac and renal ...
Kasama Shu - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the effects of spironolactone on cardiac sympathetic nerve activity and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND: Aldosterone prevents the uptake of norepinephrine and promotes structural remodeling of the heart. Spironolactone, an aldosterone receptor blocker, improves LV remodeling in patients with ...
Abildstrom Steen Z - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare heart rate and heart rate variability (HRV) in risk prediction after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and to evaluate the effect of beta-blocker treatment on the prognostic performance of heart rate and HRV. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred sixty-six patients ...
Fukuta Hidekatsu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although decreased heart rate variability (HRV) is an independent predictor of death in various populations, its prognostic value in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic haemodialysis is unknown. METHODS: We prospectively studied 120 chronic haemodialysis patients (age 61+/-11 years; males 51%; diabetics 38%; duration of haemodialysis therapy 50+/-114 ...
Liang Chang-seng - - 2003
We reported recently that inhibition of neuronal reuptake of norepinephrine (NE) by desipramine prevented the reduction of sympathetic neurotransmitters in the failing right ventricle of right heart failure animals. In this study, we studied whether desipramine also reduced the sympathetic neurotransmitter loss in animals with left heart failure induced by ...
Yamada Takahisa - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to prospectively compare the prognostic value of cardiac iodine-123 (I-123) metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging with that of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Cardiac I-123 MIBG imaging, which reflects cardiac adrenergic nerve activity, provides prognostic information on chronic HF patients. Reduced ...
Pater Cornel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A large body of data derived from animal, epidemiological and clinical studies indicate that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have a favourable effect on the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease in general, and on reducing sudden death in particular.Depressed heart rate variability (HRV), an indicator of impairment of the ...
Meyer, Michael
The complexity of the cardiac rhythm is demonstrated to exhibit self-affine multifractal variability. The dynamics of heartbeat interval time series was analyzed by application of the multifractal formalism based on the Cramer theory of large deviations. The continuous multifractal large deviation spectrum uncovers the nonlinear fractal properties in the dynamics ...
Jokinen Vesa - - 2003
AIM: This research was designed to study the temporal changes in cardiovascular autonomic regulation, assessed by 24-hour heart rate (HR) variability, and the possible relation of changes in HR variability to cardiovascular risk factors and progression of coronary artery disease (CAD) among type II diabetic subjects. METHOD: In a single-center ...
Ozdemir Ozcan - - 2003
In this prospective study, we set out to determine whether analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with exercise-induced ventricular tachycardia (EIVT) and normal coronary arteries would reveal increased sympathetic nervous system activity. From January 1996 to December 2001, we compared 16 patients with EIVT and normal coronary arteries ...
Singh Ram B - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To review mechanisms of circadian variations in heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV) and mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHODS: Results from 7-day/24-h HRV and BPV are interpreted by gender and age-specified reference values in the context of a Medline search. RESULTS: Abnormal ...
Gang Yi - - 2003
Autonomic nervous system plays an integral role in homeostasis. Autonomic modulation can frequently be altered in patients with cardiac disorders as well as in patients with other critical illnesses or injuries. Assessment of heart rate variability is based on analysis of consecutive normal R-R intervals and may provide quantitative information ...
Zosky Graeme R - - 2003
We investigated the effect of parasympathetic antagonism on the patterns of heart rate during torpor in the western pygmy possum Cercatetus concinnus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). This is the first study to examine the influence of the autonomic nervous system on cardiac function in a metatherian hibernator. During torpor, antagonism of the ...
Galuszka Jan - - 2002
Heart rate variability evaluation is a useful diagnostic tool for autonomic nervous balance assessment. The role of the autonomic nervous system in aetiology of atrial fibrillation is sometimes clear as a trigger from a patient's history, but mostly it acts as a modulating factor which is not easy to detect. ...
Utell Mark J - - 2002
A recent series of epidemiologic reports have shown associations between fine particulate matter (PM) levels and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Elevated PM levels have been linked with cardiac events, including serious ventricular arrhythmias and myocardial infarction. A workshop brought together epidemiologists, cardiologists, and toxicologists from academia, government, and industry ...
Sosnowski Maciej - - 2002
THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE: (1) to establish the normal limit of the heart rate variability (HRV) indices in a healthy population and in its four age-related subgroups, including a new HRV index, HRV fraction; and (2) to analyse the frequency and predictive value of abnormally low HRV in ...
Toledo Eran - - 2003
Myocardial infarction (MI) is known to elicit activation of the autonomic nervous system. Reperfusion, induced by thrombolysis, is thus expected to bring about a shift in the balance between the sympathetic and vagal systems, according to the infarct location. In this study, we explored the correlation between reperfusion and the ...
Goldstein David S - - 2002
The term dysautonomia refers to a change in autonomic nervous system function that adversely affects health. The changes range from transient, occasional episodes of neurally mediated hypotension to progressive neurodegenerative diseases; from disorders in which altered autonomic function plays a primary pathophysiologic role to disorders in which it worsens an ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study was conceived to explore the correspondence between scintigraphic imaging of the sympathetic innervation of human postischemic left ventricular aneurysms and direct immunohistochemical localization of the nerve fibers in the same area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 7 patients undergoing left ventricular aneurysmectomy for postischemic ventricular aneurysm, the findings ...
Ros Magdalena - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular isovolumic relaxation responses to changes in afterload or preload may be mediated, in part, by reflex changes in sympathetic nervous system activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors examined whether changes in left ventricular isovolumic relaxation during changes in load were associated with changes in cardiac norepinephrine spillover. ...
Boardman A - - 2002
The long-term aims of this study are to find a parameter derived from the ECG that has a high sensitivity and specificity to asphyxia and, once we know or suspect that asphyxia occurred, to estimate how severe it was. We carried out a pilot study in which 24 adult Wistar ...
Gerson Myron C - - 2002
Carvedilol treatment reduces the mortality rate in patients with congestive heart failure. It is not known whether carvedilol treatment is effective in heart failure patients with substantial cardiac sympathetic nerve dysfunction. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of chronic carvedilol treatment in patients with cardiac sympathetic ...
Goldstein David S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and repeated neurocardiogenic presyncope (NCS), orthostatic intolerance occurs without persistent sympathetic neurocirculatory failure. Whether these conditions involve abnormal cardiac sympathetic innervation or function has been unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with POTS or NCS underwent measurements of neurochemical indices of cardiac release, reuptake, and ...
Barman Susan M - - 2003
We tested the hypothesis that the cardiac-related rhythm in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) of humans reflects entrainment of a central oscillator by pulse-synchronous baroreceptor nerve activity. Partial autospectral analysis was used to mathematically remove the portion of cardiac-related power in MSNA autospectra that was attributable to its linear relationship ...
Rong Peijing - - 2002
It has been demonstrated that an important clinical phenomenon often associated with visceral diseases is the referred pain to somatic structures, especially to the body area of homo-segmental innervation. It is interesting that the somatic foci of cardiac referred pain were often and mainly distributed along the heart meridian (HM), ...
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