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Results 301 - 350 of 2293
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Billman George E GE Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1218, USA. - - 2012
Recent clinical studies that evaluated the effects of supplemental omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on sudden cardiac death have yielded conflicting results. Our aim was to clarify this issue using an established and clinical relevant canine model of sudden cardiac death. Susceptibility to ventricular fibrillation (VF) was evaluated using ...
Ferreira Filipa - - 2012
We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with episodes of chest pain with ST-T segment elevation and paroxysmal high-degree atrioventricular block and syncopal episodes. Coronary angiography revealed no significant atheromatous lesions. The patient was treated with nitrates and calcium channel blockers but syncopal episodes with atrioventricular block persisted. A ...
Clements Ian P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We previously developed an operator-interactive method for the measurement of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction (EF) and end-systolic volume (ESV) and end-diastolic volume (EDV) using single-photon emission tomographic equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography (SPECT ERNA). We aimed to compare our SPECT ERNA method with cardiac MRI (CMRI) ...
Chevalier Philippe - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Dronedarone, a recently approved antiarrhythmic drug, has been shown to have fewer side effects than amiodarone, particularly with regard to thyroid and neurologic events. Since the effects of either drug on ventricular defibrillation threshold during ischemia are unknown, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of ...
Zhang Shaoheng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Comparative studies are lacking that show the effects of different microenvironments on the activity of engrafted stem cells after myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we analyzed the temporal and spatial variations of angiogenesis, collateralization, and the expression of Akt-related signals after MI to test whether the effects of endothelial progenitor ...
Shi Weiwei - - 2012
Persistent myocardial ischaemia causes cell death if not rescued by early reperfusion. Millions of years in nature's laboratory have evolved protective responses that 'condition' the heart (and other tissues) to adapt to stressors, and these responses are applicable to the relatively new societal stress of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion injury. ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe - - 2012
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) encompassing stent implantation is a mainstay in the management of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Despite refinements in techniques and devices, peri- and post-procedural antithrombotic therapy remains pivotal to prevent early and late thrombotic events, without unduly increasing bleeding risk. Concomitant dual antiplatelet therapy with ...
Paoletti Ernesto - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors proved to be effective in regressing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) with chronic allograft dysfunction, there are currently no reports of randomized trials on this issue involving de novo RTRs administered everolimus (EVL). METHODS: ...
Ferraro Simona - - 2012
BACKGROUND: No information is available on the optimal sampling time to catch the highest increase for biomarkers whose elevation after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is prognostic for adverse events. This study aimed to investigate release kinetics and peak times of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), C-reactive protein (CRP), B-type natriuretic peptide ...
Geelen Tessa - - 2012
The use of contrast agents has added considerable value to the existing cardiac MRI toolbox that can be used to study murine myocardial infarction, as it enables detailed in vivo visualization of the molecular and cellular processes that occur in the infarcted and remote tissue. A variety of non-targeted and ...
Wong Dennis T L - - 2012
Microvascular obstruction (MVO) is a strong independent predictor of left ventricular remodelling and mortality following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Microvascular obstruction can be identified at angiography or with gadolinium-enhanced cardiac MRI (CMR). First-pass perfusion CMR also allows a novel quantitative evaluation of myocardial blood flow (MBF) that might provide ...
Mihailidou Anastasia S - - 2012
Numerous studies have now shown that sustained elevation of aldosterone levels induces cardiovascular damage independent from its effects on regulation of renal sodium and blood pressure. Increased aldosterone and cortisol levels in patients with heart failure independently predict the risk of mortality. Over the past decade, there has been increased ...
Stenberg Thor Allan - - 2012
Adrenomedullin (AM) used therapeutically reduces mortality in the acute phase of experimental myocardial infarction. However, AM is potentially deleterious in acute heart failure as it is vasodilative and inotropically neutral. AM and epinephrine (EPI) are cosecreted from chromaffin cells indicating physiological interaction. We assessed the hemodynamic and energetic profile of ...
Rahimi Kazem - - 2012
AimsThe effect of statin treatment on ventricular arrhythmic complications is uncertain. We sought to test whether statins reduce the risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmia, cardiac arrest, and sudden cardiac death.Methods and resultsWe searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL up to October 2010. Randomized controlled trials comparing statin with no statin or comparing ...
Aleksova Aneta - - 2012
PURPOSE: Heart failure (HF) is characterized by activation of neurohormonal systems such as aldosterone and natriuretic peptides. In the absence of published data, CandHeart trial was designed to assess the effects on left ventricular (LV) function, aldosterone and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) of candesartan in patients with HF and preserved ...
Ruiz-Crespo Silvia - - 2012
Although coffee has antioxidant capacity, it is not known which of its bioactive compounds is responsible for it, nor has it been analyzed in experimental cerebral infarction. We studied the effect one of its compounds, 3-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA), at doses of 4, 25 and 100 μg on plasma antioxidant capacity and ...
Mou Tiantian - - 2012
In this study the (18)F-labeled pyridaben analogs 2-tertbutyl-4-chloro-5-(4-(2-(18)F-fluoroethoxy))benzyloxy-2H-pyridazin-3-one ((18)F-FP1OP) and 2-tertbutyl-4-chloro-5-(4-(2-(2-(2-(18)F-fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy))benzyloxy-2H-pyridazin-3-one ((18)F-FP3OP) were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated as potential myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) agents with PET. METHODS: The tosylate labeling precursors of 2-tert-butyl-4-chloro-5-(4-(2-tosyloxy-ethoxy))-benzyloxy-2H-pyridazin-3-one (OTs-P1OP), 2-tert-butyl-4-chloro-5-(4-(2-(2-(2-tosyloxy-ethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy))-benzyloxy-2H-pyridazin-3-one (OTs-P3OP), and the corresponding nonradioactive compounds ((19)F-FP1OP and (19)F-FP3OP) were synthesized and characterized by infrared, ...
Fidelis-de-Oliveira P - - 2012
The mechanisms underlying the functional improvement after injection of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in infarcted hearts remain incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate if soluble factors secreted by MSCs promote cardioprotection. For this purpose, conditioned medium (CM) was obtained after three passages from MSC cultures ...
Shibata Shigehiro - - 2012
The ultra-short acting, selective β(1)-adrenergic antagonists landiolol and esmolol are widely used perioperatively; however, little is known about their acute direct actions on the heart. The current study utilized the Langendorff perfused heart system to measure changes in cardiac function and hemodynamics in response to each drug. Furthermore, electrophysiological analysis ...
Lucchinetti Eliana - - 2012
Two preconditioning stimuli should induce a more consistent overall cell protection. We hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC, second preconditioning stimulus) applied during isoflurane inhalation (first preconditioning stimulus) would provide more protection to the myocardium of patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. In this placebo-controlled randomized controlled study, patients ...
Crosara Serena - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate reproducibility of ejection fraction (EF), myocardial perfusion (MP), and pulmonary transit time (PTT) measured in a group of dogs by use of contrast echocardiography and to examine safety of this method by evaluating cardiac troponin I concentrations. Animals-6 healthy dogs. Procedures-2 bolus injections and a constant rate infusion ...
Sestito A - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cardiac rhythm disturbance, with prevalence increasing with age. This disease is a major risk factor for ischaemic stroke. The costs resulting from atrial fibrillation are really impressive. Pharmacological agents are the first line therapy for the management of atrial fibrillation. Antiarrhythmic drugs are used ...
Kinouchi Katsushi - - 2012
The benefit of terminal blood cardioplegia (TWBCP) is insufficient after prolonged ischemia associated with inevitable oxidant-mediated injury by this modality alone. We tested the effects of TWBCP supplemented with high-dose olprinone, which is a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, a clinically available compound with the potential to reduce oxidant stress and calcium ...
Sarapultsev Petr - - 2012
This study investigated the effects of the L-17 compound of the group of substituted 5R1, 6H2-1,3,4-thiadiazine-2-amines on the inflammatory cellular infiltration and myocardial remodelling which occurs after acute myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. The study is based upon recent clinical and experimental work which demonstrated the role of local and ...
Odland Rick M - - 2012
The presence of osmotic gradients in the development of cerebral edema and the effectiveness of osmotherapy are well recognized. A modification of ventriculostomy catheters described in this article provides a method of osmotherapy that is not currently available. The reductive ventricular osmotherapy (RVOT) catheter removes free water from ventricular cerebrospinal ...
Best Patricia J M - - 2012
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important complication associated with coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention, and computed tomography studies. The increasing utilization of contrast agents for imaging makes the importance of this complication even greater. Patients can be risk stratified for the risk of contrast-induced AKI by several clinical ...
Radovits Tamás T Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. - - 2012
Peroxynitrite, a toxic nitrogen species, has been implicated in the development of ischemia/reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the potent peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst, FP15, on myocardial, endothelial, and pulmonary function in an experimental model of cardioplegic arrest and extracorporal circulation. Twelve anesthetized ...
Aldous Sally J - - 2012
High-sensitivity troponin assays are now available for clinical use. We investigated whether early measurement with such an assay is superior to a conventional assay in the evaluation of acute coronary syndromes. Patients presenting to an emergency department with chest pain who did not have ST-segment elevation were prospectively recruited from ...
Heying Ruth - - 2012
This prospective double-blinded randomized study tested the hypothesis that preoperative treatment with dexamethasone would attenuate inflammatory priming of the myocardium, reduce the systemic inflammatory reaction upon cardiac operation, and provide organ protection in neonates. Twenty neonates (age, 8 to 21 days) with transposition of the great arteries scheduled for arterial ...
Råmunddal Truls - - 2012
Introduction. The heart produces apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins which enables cardiac export of potentially cardiotoxic lipids. We hypothesized that overexpression of apoB attenuates the pathologic cardiac remodeling and hypertrophic response following pathological stimuli such as chronic adrenergic overstimulation and myocardial infarction (MI). Methods. Cardiac hypertrophy was induced by a chronic ...
Chinda Kroekkiat - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor is a new anti-diabetic drug for type-2 diabetes mellitus patients. Despite its benefits on glycemic control, the effects of DPP-4 inhibitor on the heart during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) periods are not known. We investigated the effect of DPP-4 inhibitor on cardiac electrophysiology and infarct size in ...
Pamukcu Burak - - 2012
Aspirin has long been the mainstay of primary and secondary prevention against myocardial infarction and ischemic cerebrovascular events. However, the incremental value of aspirin for primary prevention has recently been subject to debate given data from recent large clinical trials, as the net clinical benefit is small. In secondary prevention, ...
Wang Changxin - - 2012
Cardiac hypertrophy has been known as an independent predictor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Molecular mechanisms underlying the development of heart failure remain elusive. Recently, microRNAs have been established as important regulators in cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we reported miR-221 was up-regulated in both transverse aortic constricted mice and patients with ...
Kedhi Elvin - - 2012
Aims: Although large clinical trials have shown that everolimus-eluting stents (EES) significantly reduce target vessel revascularisation (TVR), myocardial infarction (MI) and stent thrombosis (ST) compared to paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in diverse populations, there is a paucity of data comparing EES and PES in patients presenting with MI. Methods and results: ...
Pischke Søren Erik - - 2012
OBJECTIVESDetection of perioperative myocardial ischaemia in cardiac surgery remains challenging, as current clinical bedside monitoring is insufficient in making proper diagnoses in real-time.Cellular metabolism gets altered during ischaemia and tissue PCO(2) is produced in the course of buffering anaerobic lactic acidosis. Myocardial tissue PCO(2) has been suggested as a parameter ...
Twerenbold Raphael - - 2012
Cardiac troponin (cTn) I and T are structural proteins unique to the heart. Detection of cTn in peripheral blood indicates cardiomyocyte damage. As acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the most important cause of cardiomyocyte damage, cTns have become an integral part in the diagnosis of AMI. For this indication, cTns ...
Raake Philip W J PW Department of Internal Medicine III, Cardiology, University Hospital Heidelberg, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, Heidelberg 69120, Germany. - - 2013
G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2), which is markedly upregulated in failing human myocardium, has been implicated as a contributing factor or consequence of heart failure (HF). Importantly, cardiac-specific GRK2 knockout mice have recently proved the pathological nature of GRK2 in HF. Targeted inhibition of GRK2 is possible using a ...
Hölscher Marion - - 2012
AIMS: The Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is the master modulator of hypoxic gene expression. The effects of chronically stabilized cardiac HIF-1α and its role in the diseased heart are not precisely known. The aims of this study were to: 1) elucidate consequences of HIF-1α stabilization in the heart 2) analyze ...
Huo Yunlong - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Hypertension-induced left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is generally accompanied with coronary neovascularization. The extent of vascular growth or rarefaction depends on many factors (e.g. age, duration of hypertension, degree of hypertrophy). Here, we hypothesize that there is a compensatory vascular growth that maintains uniform wall shear stress (WSS) in perfusion arterioles ...
Mihardja Shirley S - - 2012
Myocardial repair remains a major challenge for both cellular and tissue engineering approaches. Several studies have been conducted looking at utilizing extracellular matrix-based therapies to promote repair after a myocardial infarction. In this review, strategies for treating myocardial infarctions using extracellular matrix-derived peptides are discussed. Using an ischemia/reperfusion myocardial infarction ...
Ranchord Anil M - - 2012
The optimal approach to oxygen therapy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is uncertain. A randomized controlled trial was undertaken in which 136 patients presenting with their first STEMI uncomplicated by cardiogenic shock or marked hypoxia were randomized to receive high-concentration (6 L/min via medium concentration mask) or titrated oxygen (to ...
Li Jingjie - - 2012
Background: Circulating asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, is increased in atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of rosuvastatin on serum ADMA levels and atrial structural remodeling in AF dogs induced by chronic rapid atrial pacing. Methods: Twenty dogs were ...
Deguchi Akiko - - 2012
A 17-year-old female diagnosed with bipolar II disorder was treated for emotional lability with quetiapine. Two-lead electrocardiography revealed frequent monomorphic premature ventricular contraction (PVC) during an electroencephalography examination. Twenty-four-hour Holter electrocardiography revealed 0.6% uniform frequent PVCs and indicated that the readministration and second-time withdrawal of quetiapine markedly increased (7.1%) and ...
Blaber Michael Stephen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) toxicity results predominantly from myocardial sodium-channel blockade. Subsequent ventricular dysrhythmias, myocardial depression, and hypotension cause cardiovascular collapse. Animal studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of intravenous lipid-emulsion in treating TCA cardiotoxicity. CASE REPORT: We report a case of dothiepin (tricyclic antidepressant) overdose causing refractory cardiovascular collapse, which ...
Billman George E - - 2012
Amiodarone is one of the most effective antiarrhythmic drugs. However, poor solubility of this compound has limited its intravenous application. SAR11464A is a water-soluble amiodarone-like drug that lacks iodine and inhibits multiple cardiac ion channels in vitro. This study evaluated the antiarrhythmic efficacy of this drug in vivo. In porcine ...
Kristensen Steen Dalby - - 2012
Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) are antithrombotic agents preventing the binding of fibrinogen to GP IIb/IIIa receptors. Thus, GPI interfere with interplatelet bridging mediated by fibrinogen. Currently, three generic GPI with different antithrombotic properties are available for intravenous administration: abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban. The development of oral GPI was abandoned, ...
Odening Katja E KE Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2012
Postpubertal women with inherited long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2) are at increased risk for polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (pVT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD), particularly during the postpartum period. To investigate whether sex hormones directly modulate the arrhythmogenic risk in LQTS. Prepubertal ovariectomized transgenic LQT2 rabbits were treated with estradiol ...
Aihara Hideaki - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether combination therapy of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) causes higher numbers of cardiovascular events than clopidogrel alone in Japanese patients. Background: PPIs are often prescribed in combination with clopidogrel following coronary stenting. PPIs are reported to diminish the effect ...
Zhou Shu-Xian - - 2012
1. The effects of amiodarone on ventricular electrophysiological parameters, especially the dispersion of ventricular repolarization, were investigated in a canine model of congestive heart failure (CHF). 2. Dogs were randomized to either a control, amiodarone, CHF, or CHF + amiodarone group. Dogs in the CHF and CHF + amiodarone groups underwent 4-5 ...
Chen Dong - - 2012
Sevoflurane postconditioning is a potential clinical measure to protect myocardial. This experiment was designed to investigate the efficacy of sevoflurane postconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion injury. A total of 132 Japanese White Rabbits were enrolled into this study. They were underwent 15-, 30-, or 60-min left anterior descending coronary (LAD) artery occlusion, ...
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