Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2097
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Tsuji Yukiomi - - 2013
Intravenous vernakalant has recently been approved in Europe as an atrial-selective antiarrhythmic drug for the conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). It inhibits atrial-selective K(+) currents (IK,ACh and IKur) and causes rate-dependent atrial-predominant Na(+) channel block, with only a small inhibitory effect on the rapid delayed rectifier K(+) current (IKr) ...
Zhao Ting C - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e65474 in vol. 8.].
Xue Mei - - 2013
Both oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) have been implicated in carcinogenesis and neurological diseases, while there are few reports about the mechanisms of them in the progression of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study examined oxidative stress and ERS in a rat model of AMI and evaluated their ...
Pei Luo L State Key Laboratory for Quality Research of Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai Long, Taipa, Macau, - - 2013
Mechanisms for Panax ginseng's cardioprotective effect against ischemia reperfusion injury involve the estrogen-mediated pathway, but little is known about the role of androgen. A standardized Panax ginseng extract (RSE) was orally given with or without flutamide in a left anterior descending coronary artery ligation rat model. Infarct size, CK and ...
Li Yanhua - - 2013
It is now recognized that transplantation of bone marrow cells (BMCs) into infarcted hearts has the capacity to improve the cardiac function through paracrine effects. However, detailed expression levels of paracrine factors in BMCs in infarcted hearts are poorly described. By use of laser capture microdissection combined with real-time PCR, ...
Levkau Bodo - - 2013
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) regulates important functions in cardiac and vascular homeostasis. It has been implied to play causal roles in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular disorders such as coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. The majority of S1P in plasma is associated with high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and their ...
Yamaguchi Yukie Y Department of Environmental Immuno-Dermatology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of - - 2013
  There are no effective treatments for fibrosis, an out-of-control wound-healing process in which excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) such as collagen, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Endostatin is a natural proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII, which is known to possess potent antiangiogenic activity. Many clinical trials of endostatin ...
Wang Ying-Bin - - 2013
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) can be used to repair tissues after myocardial infarction (MI) but EPC activators have adverse reactions. Rehmannia glutinosa is a herb used in traditional Chinese medicine, which can promote bone-marrow proliferation and protect the ischemic myocardium. We investigated the effects of Rehmannia glutinosa extract (RGE) on ...
Chen Guan-Liang GL 0000-0003-1298-2040 Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Armed Forces General Hospital, Taichung 441, - - 2013
Hyoscine N-butyl bromide, also known as scopolamine, is a type of antimuscarinic agent. This drug is associated with numerous common side effects, including abdominal fullness, constipation, urinary retention, blurred vision, skin flushing, tachycardia, decreased sweating, and salivation. The most unfavorable side effect is hemodynamic instability. In the present case, hypotension ...
Cagliyan Caglar Emre CE Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, - - 2013
The coronary "accordion" effect is a rare pseudo-complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). It is usually observed due to straightening and shortening of tortuous vessels with stiff guidewires during PCI. In this case report, we present an interesting case of the coronary accordion effect observed in a 52-year-old woman undergoing ...
White Harvey D - - 2013
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) levels are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in healthy individuals and in patients who have had ischemic events. The Long-term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischemic Disease (LIPID) study randomized 9014 patients with cholesterol levels of 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L to placebo or pravastatin 3 to ...
Borghi Claudio - - 2013
In SMILE-4 (the Survival of Myocardial Infarction Long-term Evaluation 4 study), zofenopril + acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was superior to ramipril + ASA in reducing the occurrence of major cardiovascular events in patients with left ventricular dysfunction following acute myocardial infarction. The present post hoc analysis was performed to compare the ...
Wang Yan - - 2013
Nonylphenol (NP), a widely distributed, toxic, endocrine-disrupting chemical, has estrogenic properties. However, its cardiac effects remain unclear. In this study, the effects of NP on isolated guinea pig hearts were studied in three separate experiments. First, hearts were perfused with 10(-7) M NP or 10(-5) M NP to determine whether ...
Zhao Ting C TC Cardiovascular Research laboratory, Department of Surgery, Roger Williams Medical Center, Boston University Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America. - - 2013
We and others have demonstrated that HDAC inhibition protects the heart against myocardial injury. It is known that Akt-1 and MAP kinase play an essential role in modulation of myocardial protection and cardiac preconditioning. Our recent observations have shown that Akt-1 was activated in post-myocardial infarction following HDAC inhibition. However, ...
Rolland-Turner Magali - - 2013
Administration of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) represents a promising option to regenerate the heart after myocardial infarction, but is limited because of low recruitment and engraftment in the myocardium. Mobilization and migration of EPC are mainly controlled by stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) and its receptor CXCR4. We hypothesized that ...
Wang Jing - - 2013
Despite efforts to elucidate its pathophysiology, ischemia-reperfusion injury lacks an effective preventative intervention. Because transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 4 (TRPM4) is functionally expressed by many cell types in the cardiovascular system and is involved in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases, we decided to assess its ...
Birkemeyer Ralf - - 2013
Myocardial infarction networks have been shown to improve guideline adherent therapy and outcomes in patients presenting with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Our objective was to assess the short term cost effectiveness of a network structure. Outcome data and reimbursement data for the index hospital stay were gathered in consecutive ...
Mao Huijuan - - 2013
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) are used to improve the systemic circulation and to decrease ventricular loading in patients with hemodynamic instability that is refractory to pharmacologic therapies. During an acute critical event, percutaneous devices are preferred because of their rapid deployment, since implantable devices require more extensive procedures. Implantable devices ...
Rodrigo Ramón - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Major advances in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes and myocardial infarction, using cardiologic interventions, such as thrombolysis or percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PCA) have improved the clinical outcome of patients. Nevertheless, as a consequence of these procedures, the ischemic ...
Miteva Kapka - - 2013
Myocarditis is a common inflammatory cardiomyopathy, associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis, which can lead to chronic left ventricular dysfunction. Under conventional heart failure therapy, inflammatory cardiomyopathy typically has a progressive course, indicating a need for alternative therapeutic strategies to improve long-term outcomes. Experimental and clinical studies consistently support the application of ...
Hill Michael F - - 2013
Recombinant Neuregulin (NRG)-1β has multiple beneficial effects on cardiac myocytes in culture, and has potential as a clinical therapy for heart failure (HF). A number of factors may influence the effect of NRG-1β on cardiac function via ErbB receptor coupling and expression. We examined the effect of the NRG-1β isoform, ...
Wolny RafaƂ R Department of Interventional Cardiology and Angiology, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, - - 2013
Percutaneous treatment of coronary bifurcations is a complex issue due to numerous possible techniques and high risk of complications. Because of increasing interest in non-invasive imaging in interventional cardiology and growing quality of obtained images, we designed a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial to evaluate the role of coronary computed tomography ...
Lenihan Daniel J DJ Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8802, USA. - - 2013
Small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) may provide an effective therapeutic option in patients with hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. However, cardiovascular (CV) events, including hypertension, heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and QT prolongation, have emerged as potential adverse events (AEs) with TKI therapy. We review what is known about ...
Hammerstingl Christoph - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has deteriorating effect on LV function, whereas its impact on RV function is controversial. We aimed to determine the effect of OSA and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on left and right ventricular (LV, RV) function using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and 2 dimensional speckle tracking ...
Wang Yi-Li YL Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2013
Sepsis can cause myocardial dysfunction, which contributes to the high mortality of sepsis. Hypertonic saline (HS) has been reported to increase myocardial contractility in sepsis. In the present study, mechanisms of action of HS resuscitation (4 mL of 7.5% NaCl per kilogram) on cardiac function have been evaluated in septic rats. ...
Nieminen M S MS Heart and Lung Center, University of Helsinki Central Hospital, Helsinki, - - 2013
Levosimendan is an inodilator indicated for the short-term treatment of acutely decompensated severe chronic heart failure, and in situations where conventional therapy is not considered adequate. The principal pharmacological effects of levosimendan are (a) increased cardiac contractility by calcium sensitisation of troponin C, (b) vasodilation, and (c) cardioprotection. These last ...
Zhi Hui H Brigham and Womens Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2013
Myocardial fibrosis, a major pathophysiologic substrate of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), is modulated by multiple pathways including the renin-angiotensin system. Direct renin inhibition is a promising anti-fibrotic therapy since it attenuates the pro-fibrotic effects of renin in addition to that of other effectors of the renin-angiotensin cascade. ...
Seymour Anne-Marie - - 2013
Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease. The uraemic heart undergoes remodelling and changes in metabolic function. Experimental uraemia produces a reduction in the myocardial energy reserve phosphocreatine in parallel with left ventricular hypertrophy and depletion of serum carnitine. This study investigated the ...
Bousquenaud Mélanie M Laboratory of Cardiovascular Research, Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé, 84 Val Fleuri, Luxembourg L1526, Luxembourg. - - 2013
Adenosine may have beneficial effects on left ventricular function after myocardial infarction (MI), but the magnitude of this effect on remote and MI areas is controversial. We assessed the long-term effects of adenosine after MI using electrocardiogram-triggered 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. Wistar rats were subjected to coronary ligation and randomized ...
Vessey Donald A DA Liver Study Unit, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
We investigated the hypothesis that postconditioning by FTY720 (FTY) in isolated perfused mouse hearts is independent of the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) pathway. Ex vivo hearts were exposed to postconditioning (POST) by either ischemia or FTY720. Protection against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury was measured by recovery of left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) ...
Wang Lu - - 2013
This high-tech "teleacupuncture study" describes a neurovegetative ear acupressure effect in patients with chronic insomnia by using heart rate variability analysis. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) measurements in 31 patients (mean age ± SD: 54.3 ± 10.6 years) were performed under standardized conditions in Harbin, China, and the data analysis was ...
Jones D A DA Centre of Clinical Pharmacology, Barts NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University, London, - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a major cause of death and disability in the UK and worldwide. Presently, timely and effective reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) remains the most effective treatment strategy for limiting infarct size, preserving left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and improving clinical outcomes. However, the ...
Chen Long - - 2013
The long-term effects of bone marrow-derived cells (BMC) transplantation in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been established. The present meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials with follow-up ≥ 2 years was performed to investigate the long-term effects of BMC therapy in patients after AMI. Specific terms were used ...
Safarova Maya S - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of specific lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] apheresis on coronary atherosclerosis progression in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with elevated Lp(a) levels. A total of 30 subjects (mean age 53.5 ± 8.3 years, 70% male) with CHD verified by angiography, Lp(a) > 50 mg/dL, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≤ 2.5 mmol/L on chronic statin treatment ...
Cao Yukun - - 2013
Ghrelin has been reported to protect the cardiovascular system; however, the cardioprotective effect of ghrelin against cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induced myocardial injury are unclear. In this study, the protective effect of ghrelin on CPB induced myocardial injury and the underlying mechanisms were investigated. Adult male rats were subjected to CPB ...
Aleong Ryan G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -In patients with chronic heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF) β-blockers prevent cardiac arrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF). We hypothesized that prevention of ventricular arrhythmias by the β-blocker/sympatholytic agent bucindolol is influenced by genetic variation in adrenergic receptors (ARs). METHODS AND RESULTS: -From a substudy of ...
Ay Ilknur I MGH/MIT/HMS Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital East, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2013
Electrical stimulation of the cervical vagus nerve reduces infarct size by approximately 50% after cerebral ischemia in rats. The mechanism of ischemic protection by vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is not known. In this study, we investigated whether the infarct reducing effect of VNS was mediated by activation of the parasympathetic ...
López Yelica - - 2012
The therapeutic effect of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) following myocardial infarction (MI) is small. This may be due to differences in cellular sources and donor age, route of administration, in vitro cellular manipulations and the short time course of follow up in many animal studies. Here, we compared MSCs from ...
Dehina L - - 2012
Myocardial ischemia affects mitochondrial function leading to ionic imbalance and susceptibility to ventricular fibrillation. Trimetazidine (TMZ), a metabolic agent, is clinically used as an anti-anginal therapy. This study was conducted to compare the effect of TMZ 20 mg immediate release (IR) and TMZ 35 mg modified release (MR), two bioequivalent marketed formulations ...
Iwakura Katsuomi - - 2012
Coronary reperfusion using primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) dramatically reduces morbidity and mortality among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Nevertheless, inadequate myocardial perfusion, known as the "no-reflow" phenomenon, is observed in approximately 15% of patients and is associated with poor outcomes. No-reflow is caused not only by mechanical occlusion ...
Wimmer Neil J - - 2012
The effective treatment of coronary artery disease targets two distinct goals, controlling symptomatic angina and decreasing the adverse events associated with ischemia. Traditional anti-anginal and anti-ischemic drugs function by altering the determinants of myocardial oxygen supply or demand, usually by altering loading conditions, changing the heart rate, or impacting contractility. ...
Traverse Jay H JH Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2012
While the delivery of cell therapy after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been evaluated in previous clinical trials, the influence of the timing of cell delivery on the effect on left ventricular function has not been analyzed. To determine the effect of intracoronary autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) ...
Nagendran Jayan J Department of Medicine and Pulmonary Hypertension Program, University of Alberta and Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, 2C2 WMC, 8440-112 St, Edmonton, Canada. - - 2013
Right ventricular (RV) function is the most important determinant of morbidity and mortality in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Endothelin (ET)-1 receptor antagonists (ERAs) are approved therapies for PAH. It is not known whether ERAs have effects on the RV, in addition to their vasodilating/antiproliferative effects in pulmonary arteries. We hypothesized ...
Han Shu-Yan - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The decoction of combined Panax notoginseng (Burk) F.H. Chen and Carthamus tinctorius L. has a history of use in traditional medicine for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we investigated the effects of ...
Kao David P DP University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2013
There is little evidence of beta-blocker treatment benefit in patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the effects of bucindolol in HFREF patients with AF enrolled in the Beta-blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial (BEST). A post-hoc analysis of patients in ...
Orriach Guerrero - - 2012
Recently, many studies have shown a decrease in myocardial damage in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery where the anesthetic agent used was sevoflurane compared with propofol. The basis for this protective effect of the myocardium occurs through the mechanisms of preconditioning and postconditioning of halogenated agents. Both relate to ...
Fujinaka Waso - - 2012
Although propofol is commonly used for general anesthesia, its direct effects on left ventricular (LV) contractility and energetics remain unknown. Accordingly, we studied the effects of intracoronary propofol on excised cross-circulated canine hearts using the framework of the Emax (a contractility index)-PVA (systolic pressure-volume area, a measure of total mechanical ...
Abramochkin D V - - 2012
We studied the effect of selective activation of muscarinic Mreceptors on electrical activity in the isolated preparation of rat ventricular myocardium as well as contractile activity of the left ventricle of Langendorff-perfused isolated heart. Application of muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (10M) against the background of selective blockade of subtype 2 muscarinic ...
Chen-Scarabelli Carol - - 2012
β-Adrenergic receptor antagonists (β-blockers) have been recognized for their cardioprotective properties, prompting use of these pharmacologic agents to become more mainstream in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and congestive heart failure (CHF). Despite their popularity as a class, the ability to protect the myocardium varies significantly between different agents. Carvedilol is ...
Trimarco Bruno - - 2012
Omega-3 (n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids) has demonstrated its ability to reduce global mortality, obtaining an indication for the prevention of sudden death in patients with myocardial infarction of the anterior wall. These observations have led to the design of several clinical studies aimed at demonstrating the potential antiarrhythmic effect of ...
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