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Results 451 - 500 of 1967
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Hariharan Nirmala - - 2011
Autophagy is a bulk degradation process in which cytosolic proteins and organelles are degraded through lysosomes. To evaluate autophagic flux in cardiac myocytes, we generated adenovirus and cardiac-specific transgenic mice harboring tandem fluorescent mRFP-GFP-LC3. Starvation significantly increased the number of mRFP-GFP-LC3 dots representing both autophagosomes and autolysosomes per cell, suggesting ...
Partanen N - - 2011
Early detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is beneficial, since treatment-induced regression of LVH has been unequivocally associated with a better prognosis. Our aim was to study the relation of cardiac remodelling and natriuretic peptides (NPs) in stage 1 hypertension. We studied 175 (46±7 years, 87 women and 88 men) ...
Shin Seung Yong - - 2011
Epicardial Adipose Tissue in Atrial Fibrillation. Introduction: As epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active visceral fat, potential interaction between EAT and myocardium is strongly suggested. The aims of this study were to determine whether the amount and regional distribution of EAT are related to the chronicity of atrial ...
Jia-Feng Lin - - 2011
This case report describes idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the anterolateral site of mitral annulus. Radiofrequency (RF) energy application at an endocardial site of mitral annulus could not eliminate the tachycardia. The earliest epicardial activation preceding the onset of the QRS complex by 34 ms was found at the ...
Yang Guangde - - 2011
Many clinical studies have reported that Buyang Huanwu Decoction (BYHWD) has a protective effect on ischemic heart disease (IHD). In the present study, the protective effect of BYHWD on myocardial ischemia was investigated. Different doses of BYHWD and Compound Danshen Dropping Pills (CDDP) were lavaged to rats, respectively, isoproterenol (ISO) ...
Mavroudis Constantine - - 2011
Management of the ventricular septal defect at the time of the double switch operation can be challenging and deserves careful attention to the anatomic details of ventricular septal defect location, alignment with the appropriate subtended ventricles and their respective atrioventricular valves, and the disposition of the specialized conduction tissue. These ...
Sawhney J P S - - 2011
Coronary artery diseases (CADs) are preventable and controllable disorders, but they continue to be a major cause of morbidity and premature mortality across globe. India is projected to have 62 million CAD patients by 2015, with nearly 1/3rd of this burden shared by patients younger than 40 years. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone ...
Li Ting-Ting - - 2011
1. It has been shown that phloroglucinol has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Both inflammatory cell infiltration and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activation play an important role in myocardial reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of phloroglucinol on myocardial reperfusion injury and the mechanisms involved. 2. ...
Virag Jitka A I - - 2011
Mouse models are a valuable tool for studying acute injury and chronic remodeling of the myocardium in vivo. With the advent of genetic modifications to the whole organism or the myocardium and an array of biological and/or synthetic materials, there is great potential for any combination of these to assuage ...
Knight Charles - - 2011
This overview highlights some recent advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, risk stratification and treatment of acute coronary syndromes. The sheer volume of new studies reflects the robust state of global cardiovascular research but the focus here is on findings that are of most interest to the practising cardiologist. Incidence and ...
Pracon Radoslaw - - 2011
Preliminary research indicates that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may display both anti- and proatherosclerotic properties. Because the varying radiodensities of selected human tissues assessed by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been shown to reflect differences in biological characteristics, the present study investigated the hypothesis that the proatherosclerotic properties of EAT ...
Pagliaro Pasquale - - 2011
Abstract In the heart, ischemia/reperfusion damage occurs mainly during the first minutes of reperfusion. Recently, it has been shown that the heart can be protected against the extension of ischemia/reperfusion injury if brief coronary occlusions are performed just at the beginning of the reperfusion. This procedure has been called postconditioning ...
Li Dong-Ling - - 2010
1. Cardiac acetylcholine receptors are involved in the negative inotropic effect of the vagus and the protection of the stimulated vagal nerve against myocardial ischaemic injury. Acetylcholine receptors consist of five types of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M AChR) and several nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Notably, ischaemic heart disease is accompanied ...
Ray Diptarka - - 2010
Calendula officinalis of family Asteraceae, also known as marigold, has been widely used from time immemorial in Indian and Arabic cultures as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat minor skin wound and infections, burns, bee stings, sunburn and cancer. At a relatively high dose, calendula can lower blood pressure and cholesterol. ...
Tong Haiyan - - 2010
A growing body of evidence from epidemiological and toxicological studies provides a strong link between exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) of varying size and increased cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of ambient coarse, fine, and ultrafine particles collected in ...
Geisberg Carrie Anna CA Vanderbilt University, 2220 Pierce Avenue, 383 Preston Research Building, Nashville, TN 37232-6300, USA. - - 2010
Anthracyclines are common chemotherapeutic agents used to treat many different types of cancer. Unfortunately, the use of anthracyclines is limited by their cardiotoxic effects, which may become manifest as late as 20 years from initial exposure. Studies in cells and animals suggest that the mechanism of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) is multifactorial. ...
Rastaldo Raffaella - - 2011
Abstract In the heart, a great part of ischaemia and reperfusion injuries occurs mainly during the first minutes of reperfusion. The opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pores is the end point of the cascade to myocardial damage. Also, oxidative stress contributes to cell death. Postconditioning is a protective maneuver ...
Liehn Elisa A - - 2010
A nonagonist monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) mutant (PA508) with increased affinity for glycosaminoglycans and thus competing with CCL2 was evaluated as a candidate for preventing neointima formation or myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Myocardial infarction (MI) remains a major cause of death worldwide despite improved interventional and therapeutic options. Therefore, the discovery ...
Hsu Chiao-Po - - 2010
Silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1), a class III histone deacetylase, retards aging and protects the heart from oxidative stress. We here examined whether Sirt1 is protective against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1 is significantly reduced by I/R. Cardiac-specific Sirt1(-/-) mice exhibited a significant increase (44±5% versus ...
Ojha Shreesh - - 2012
Pyruvate, a potent endogenous antioxidant and an important metabolic fuel is essential for the cardiac function and tissue defense mechanism. The present study was evaluated to investigate whether pyruvate attenuates the development of cardiotoxicity in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction by assessing hemodynamic, biochemical and histopathological parameters. Subcutaneous injection of ISO ...
Vinten-Johansen Jakob - - 2011
Abstract Reperfusion is the definitive treatment to reduce infarct size and other manifestations of postischemic injury. However, reperfusion contributes to postischemic injury, and, therefore, reperfusion therapies do not achieve the optimal salvage of myocardium. Other tissues as well undergo injury after reperfusion, notably, the coronary vascular endothelium. Postconditioning has been ...
Zhang Yingmei - - 2010
The mitochondrial isoform of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) plays a key role in the metabolism of acetaldehyde and other toxic aldehydes. A recent seminal finding has indicated a potential role of ALDH2 activation in the cardioprotection against ischemic injury. Data from our group unveiled a myocardial protective effect of ALDH2 against ...
Jayachandran Kesavan S - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and mechanism of Crataegus oxycantha (COC) extract in preventing ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in an in vivo rat model of acute myocardial infarction induced by a 30-minute regional ischemia followed by 72 hours of reperfusion. The COC extract [100 mg/(kg ...
Jang In-Seok - - 2010
Ethyl pyruvate has anti-inflammatory properties and protects organs from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced tissue injury. The aim of this study was to determine whether ethyl pyruvate decreases the inflammatory response after regional I/R injury and whether ethyl pyruvate protects against delayed regional I/R injury in an in vivo rat heart model after ...
Ali Mohammad A M MA Department of Pharmacology, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2010
Titin is the largest mammalian (≈3000 to 4000 kDa) and myofilament protein that acts as a molecular spring in the cardiac sarcomere and determines systolic and diastolic function. Loss of titin in ischemic hearts has been reported, but the mechanism of titin degradation is not well understood. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) ...
Di Paola Rosanna - - 2011
Coronary ischemia and subsequent reperfusion result in deleterious effects, one of the principal ones being vascular and myocardial inflammation. Olprinone hydrochloride, a specific phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, has anti-inflammatory effects in addition to its inotropic and vasodilator effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the beneficial effects of olprinone ...
Hausenloy Derek J DJ The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London, 67 Chenies Mews, London, United Kingdom. - - 2011
The discovery of ischemic postconditioning (IPost) has rejuvenated the field of cardioprotection. As an interventional strategy to be applied at the onset of myocardial reperfusion, the transition of IPost from a bench-side curiosity to potential clinical therapy has been impressively rapid. Its existence also confirms the existence of lethal myocardial ...
Ascah Alexis - - 2011
Susceptibility of cardiomyocytes to stress-induced damage has been implicated in the development of cardiomyopathy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a disease caused by the lack of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin in which heart failure is frequent. However, the factors underlying the disease progression are unclear and treatments are limited. Here, we ...
O'Regan Declan P DP MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Robert Steiner MRI Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Du Cane Road, London, UK. - - 2010
In patients with acute myocardial infarction, restoration of coronary flow by primary coronary intervention (PCI) can lead to profound ischaemia-reperfusion injury with detrimental effects on myocardial salvage. Non-invasive assessment of interstitial myocardial haemorrhage by T2* cardiac MRI (T2*-CMR) provides a novel and specific biomarker of severe reperfusion injury which may ...
Ye Yumei - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (∼22 nt) noncoding single-stranded RNA molecules that downregulate gene expression. Studies have shown that miRNAs control diverse aspects of heart disease, including hypertrophy, remodeling, heart failure, and arrhythmia. Recently, several studies have suggested that miRNAs contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury by altering key signaling elements, thus making ...
Smith Christopher C T CC The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Hospital and Medical School, 67 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, United - - 2011
Reducing myocardial damage resulting from ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) is vital in ensuring patient recovery and survival. It relies upon the activation of the so-called Reperfusion Injury Salvage Kinase (RISK) pathway. Experimentally various treatments, both mechanical and chemical, have been shown to protect the myocardium against I/R injury. Chemical facilitators of myocardial ...
Shen Yu-Jun - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate the late cardioprotective effect of exercise preconditioning (EP) on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury in rats and the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in EP. Rats were injected with ISO 24 h after running on a treadmill for four periods of 10 ...
Zhu Xue-Hui - - 2011
This study was to explore whether repeated non-invasive limb ischemic pre-conditioning (NLIP) can confer an equivalent cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in acute diabetic rats to the extent of conventional myocardial ischemic pre-conditioning (MIP) and whether or not the delayed protection of NLIP is mediated by reducing myocardial oxidative ...
Kelly Roisin F - - 2010
Ethanolamine is a biogenic amine found naturally in the body as part of membrane lipids and as a metabolite of the cardioprotective substances, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and anandamide. In the brain, ethanolamine, formed from the breakdown of anandamide protects against ischaemic apoptosis. However, the effects of ethanolamine in the heart are ...
Francone M - - 2011
T2-weighted short-tau inversion recovery (T2w-STIR) imaging is the best approach for oedema-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as it suppresses the signal from flowing blood and from fat and enhances sensitivity to tissue fluid. The purpose of this pictorial review is to illustrate the clinical use and application of this ...
Ivanes Fabrice - - 2011
Abstract Reperfusion therapy is the indispensable treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and must be applied as soon as possible to attenuate the ischemic insult. Evidence indicates that reperfusion is responsible for additional myocardial damage likely involving opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Ischemic postconditioning is a new way ...
Inserte Javier - - 2011
Abstract Ischemic postconditioning (PoCo) has been proven to be a feasible approach to attenuate reperfusion injury and enhance myocardial salvage in patients with acute myocardial infarction, but its mechanisms have not been completely elucidated yet. Recent studies demonstrate that PoCo may delay the recovery of intracellular pH during initial reperfusion, ...
Burkard Natalie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that conditional overexpression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibited L-type Ca2+ channels and decreased myocardial contractility. However, nNOS has multiple targets within the cardiac myocyte. We now hypothesize that nNOS overexpression is cardioprotective after ischemia/reperfusion because of inhibition of mitochondrial function and a reduction in ...
Xiong Jun - - 2010
A general review was made of studies involving: (1) the concept and mechanism of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP), (2) the important role of inflammatory response in myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury and (3) the evidence and mechanisms by which CAP may provide protection against myocardial I/R injury. The data ...
Yang Shu-Sen - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate potential roles of rapamycin, a macrocytic lactone produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus, in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Male Wistar rats were pretreated with three different doses of rapamycin (0.25, 2, and 5 mg/kg). Then, isolated rat hearts were exposed to 40 min of ...
Hu Xiaorong - - 2010
High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) plays an important role in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Sodium butyrate, an inhibitor of histone deacetylase, has been reported that it could inhibit HMGB1 expression. This study investigated the effect of sodium butyrate on myocardial I/R injury in rats. Anesthetized male ...
Kaludercic Nina - - 2011
Recent evidence highlights monoamine oxidases (MAO) as another prominent source of oxidative stress. MAO are a class of enzymes located in the outer mitochondrial membrane, deputed to the oxidative breakdown of key neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, epinephrine and dopamine, and in the process generate H(2)O(2). All these monoamines are endowed ...
Xue Qin - - 2011
Hypoxia is a common stress to the foetus and results in increased cardiac vulnerability to adult ischaemic injury. This study tested the hypothesis that foetal hypoxia causes programming of increased AT(2) receptor (AT(2)R) expression in the heart, resulting in the heightened cardiac susceptibility to adult ischaemic injury. Time-dated pregnant rats ...
Masci Pier Giorgio - - 2010
Experimental data show that the right ventricle (RV) is more resistant to ischemia than the left ventricle. To date, limited data are available in humans because of the difficulty of discriminating reversible from irreversible ischemic damage. We sought to characterize RV ischemic injury in patients with reperfused myocardial infarction using ...
Eto Masataka - - 2011
Objective: Many previous studies have suggested an increase in hydroxyl radical (OH) production after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion; however, traditional techniques have not been able to conclusively prove this phenomenon. We investigated whether the production of OH was increased during myocardial reperfusion using a novel electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique using an ...
Yu Feng-Xu - - 2011
Disturbance of cardiac rhythm is one of the consequences of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Many researchers have prompted considerable interests in developing therapeutic approaches for its control. In present study, we want to determine whether that adenosine pre- and postconditioning have protective effects on sinoatrial node ischemia/reperfusion injury on morphology, arrhythmia ...
Wang Xiaohong - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRs) participate in many cardiac pathophysiological processes, including ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac injury. Recently, we and others observed that miR-494 was downregulated in murine I/R-injured and human infarcted hearts. However, the functional consequence of miR-494 in response to I/R remains unknown. We generated a mouse model with cardiac-specific overexpression of ...
Ohkubo Kenji - - 2011
There is little information about the incidence of the side-effects of clopidogrel in Japanese patients undergoing coronary stent implantation. The present study included 334 consecutive patients who were given clopidogrel (75 mg daily) after coronary stent implantation. Aspirin (100 mg daily) was used indefinitely. Clopidogrel was prescribed for at least 4 weeks in ...
Lu Shao-Ping - - 2010
Polysaccharides were extracted from Lycium barbarum fruits in this work. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) have been employed to characterize this polysaccharides in the present study. The results of chemical composition indicated that the L. barbarum polysaccharides were composed of two kinds of monosaccharides, namely ...
Brinks Henriette - - 2010
Activation of prosurvival kinases and subsequent nitric oxide (NO) production by certain G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) protects myocardium in ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) models. GPCR signaling pathways are regulated by GPCR kinases (GRKs), and GRK2 has been shown to be a critical molecule in normal and pathological cardiac function. A loss ...
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