Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1068
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Alkali Nura H - - 2013
Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability worldwide. A better understanding of stroke risk factors and outcome may help guide efforts at reducing the community burden of stroke. This study aimed to understand stroke risk factors, imaging subtypes, and 30-day outcomes among ...
Szabó Gábor Viktor GV Department of Vascular Surgery, Semmelweis - - 2013
The development of atherosclerosis is a multifactorial process. The purpose of the study was to examine three genetic polymorphisms playing a role in the metabolic processes underlying the disease. We compared the data of 348 atherosclerotic non-diabetic patients with 260 atherosclerotic diabetic patients and 384 healthy controls. We analyzed the ...
Brkovic Voin - - 2013
This study evaluated additive prognostic value of the SYNTAX score over GRACE, TIMI, ZWOLLE, CADILLAC and PAMI risk scores in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). All six scores were calculated in 209 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing pPCI. Primary end-point was the major ...
Hornero Fernando - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of the off-pump technique in preventing stroke development during the early perioperative period after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: Patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery were enrolled from 21 Spanish cardiac-surgery centres. Baseline variables related to perioperative stroke risk were recorded in the preoperative ...
Wang Yaoming - - 2013
3K3A-APC is a recombinant analog of activated protein C (APC) which is an endogenous protease with multiple functions in the body. Compared to APC, 3K3A-APC has reduced anticoagulant activity but preserved cell signaling activities. In the brain, 3K3A-APC exerts neuroprotective effects after an acute or chronic injury. 3K3A-APC is currently ...
Kitkhuandee Amnat - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pineal calcification and low melatonin have been shown to be risk factors for stroke in animal studies; however, there are limited clinical data on the association of pineal calcification and stroke in humans. METHODS: All computed tomographic (CT) scans of the brains of patients >15 years of age during ...
Bhattacharya Pratik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Survival after malignant middle cerebral artery infarcts is dismal. In 2007, a pooled analysis of randomised trials in Europe demonstrated a substantial survival benefit from decompressive hemicraniectomy, with a number needed to treat of 2 for survival. Our objective was to review factors driving the nationwide utilisation of this ...
Yamagishi Kazumasa - - 2013
AimsAlthough dietary saturated fatty acids (SFA) are considered atherogenic, associations between SFAs intake and stroke and coronary heart disease are still debated. We sought to test the hypothesis that SFA intake is associated inversely with risk of stroke and its subtypes and positively with coronary heart disease among Japanese, whose ...
Morrow David A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vorapaxar is an antiplatelet agent that antagonizes thrombin-mediated activation of the protease-activated receptor-1 on platelets. We tested the efficacy and safety of vorapaxar in a prespecified analysis in the stroke subcohort from a multinational, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients with prior atherothrombosis (myocardial infarction, ...
Faiz Kashif Waqar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins have been investigated as prognostic markers in the setting of ischemic stroke with diverging results. A new generation of highly sensitive troponin assays have recently been developed that allow for the detection of concentrations 5 to 10 times lower than those measureable with conventional assays. The aim ...
Gredal H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Translation of experimental stroke research into the clinical setting is often unsuccessful. Novel approaches are therefore desirable. As humans, pet dogs suffer from spontaneous ischaemic stroke and may hence offer new ways of studying genuine stroke injury mechanisms. AIMS: The objective of this study was to compare clinical symptoms ...
De Marco Marina - - 2013
BackgroundFibro-calcification of the mitral annulus (MAC) has been associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke in general populations. This study was performed to assess whether MAC predicts incidence of ischemic stroke in treated hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).MethodsBaseline and follow-up clinical and echocardiographic parameters were assessed in 939 ...
Davídkovová Hana - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To analyse trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and hospitalisations in the Czech Republic in 1994-2009 and to assess the contribution of inhospital case-fatality rates (CFR) to changes in national CVD mortality. DESIGN: National hospitalisation and mortality registers were used to estimate rates of hospital admissions and mortality for ...
Block H Steven - - 2013
Questions about thrombolytic management arise frequently, often with the intent of ascertaining safety and efficacy in specific situations. Thrombolytic therapy is generally safe, even if a nonruptured intracranial aneurysm is present. The risk of cardiac rupture with tamponade is low, except for the first 7 weeks following myocardial infarction. Over this ...
Zhou Yanli Y Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) function and dyssynchrony parameters measured from serial gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using blinded processing had a poorer repeatability than when manual side-by-side processing was used. The objective of this study was to validate whether an automatic alignment tool can reduce the ...
Dhoot Jashdeep J Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40 kg/m(2)) on in-hospital mortality and coronary revascularization outcomes in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarctions (AMI). The Nationwide Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project was used, and 413,673 patients hospitalized ...
Pilgrim Thomas - - 2013
Aims: Coronary artery disease (CAD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are major determinants of morbidity and mortality. A combined treatment with antiplatelet agents and vitamin K antagonists limits the risk of stent thrombosis and stroke while increasing the rate of bleeding. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact ...
Butcher Ken - - 2013
Intravenous thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator is the only proven acute therapy for ischemic stroke. This therapy has not been translated into clinical practice in the developing world primarily due to economic constraints. Streptokinase, a lower cost alternative thrombolytic agent, is widely available in developing countries where it is utilized ...
Popovic Batric - - 2013
Stroke associated with left cardiac catheterization is a devastating complication, and its incidence has not changed over the decades. We investigated the incidence, in-hospital outcomes and the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for periprocedural ischemic stroke. Our retrospective cohort study included all patients experiencing periprocedural ischemic stroke among the 24,500 ...
Höllriegel R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Although aortic valve disease (AVD) is frequently associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), little is known about the impact of significant coronary artery disease on mortality after diagnostic cardiac catheterization in patients with AVD. METHODS: We analyzed data of the coronary angiography registry of the "Arbeitsgemeinschaft Leitende Kardiologische Krankenhausärzte" ...
Amacher Raffael - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Current pulsatile ventricular assist devices operate asynchronous with the left ventricle in fixed-rate or fill-to-empty modes because electrocardiogram-triggered modes have been abandoned. We hypothesize that varying the ejection delay in the synchronized mode yields more precise control of hemodynamics and left ventricular loading. This allows for a refined management ...
Del Barco-Herrera Diana García - - 2013
Purpose: Stroke is the second cause of mortality worldwide, with a high incidence of disability in survivors. Promising candidate drugs have failed in stroke trials. Combined therapies are attractive strategies that simultaneously target different points of stroke pathophysiology. The aim of this work is to determine whether the combined effects ...
Bottle Alex - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Data are lacking on the optimal scheduling of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery after stroke. The authors investigated the preoperative predictors of adverse outcomes in patients undergoing CABG, with a focus on the importance of the time interval between prior stroke and CABG. METHODS:: The Hospital Episode Statistics ...
Spinale Francis G FG Cardiovascular Translational Research Center, CBA, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, 6439 Garners Ferry Rd, Columbia, SC, USA. - - 2013
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex entity containing a large portfolio of structural proteins, signaling molecules, and proteases. Changes in the overall integrity and activational state of these ECM constituents can contribute to tissue structure and function, which is certainly true of the myocardium. Changes in the expression patterns ...
Hoorn Ewout J - - 2013
Acute hyponatremia can cause death if cerebral edema is not treated promptly. Conversely, if chronic hyponatremia is corrected too rapidly, osmotic demyelination may ensue, which also potentially is lethal. However, these severe complications of hyponatremia are relatively uncommon and often preventable. More commonly, hyponatremia predicts mortality in patients with advanced ...
Campos Francisco F Stroke Research Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, - - 2013
The sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor agonist fingolimod reduces infarct size in rodent models of stroke and enhances blood-brain barrier integrity. Based on these observations, we hypothesized that combination of fingolimod with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) would reduce the risk of hemorrhagic transformation associated with delayed administration of tPA. We evaluated the ...
Foster E D ED Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 105 River Street, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2013
The incidence of myocardial infarctions and influenza follow similar seasonal patterns. To determine if acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs) and ischaemic strokes are associated with influenza activity, we built time-series models using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. In these models, we used influenza activity to predict the incidence of AMI ...
Matsumoto Mari - - 2013
Background: Plasma D-dimer level may reflect the activity of thrombus formation in the left atrium of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Proper anticoagulation with warfarin dramatically decreases the rate of cerebral embolism, reduces stroke severity and subsequent risk of death, as well as the level of D-dimer in NVAF ...
Barderas Maria G - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases constitute the largest of death in developed countries, being atherosclerosis the major contributor. Atherosclerosis is a process of chronic inflammation, characterized by the accumulation of lipids, cells, and fibrous elements in medium and large arteries. There is a continuum in atherosclerotic cardiovascular pathology that extends from the initial ...
Khan Muhib - - 2013
One-third of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) are cryptogenic, and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) has been suggested as a possible cause for these cryptogenic strokes. Multiple studies have recently evaluated long-term cardiac rhythm monitoring with good yield for PAF. The duration of monitoring varies between studies as well as ...
Suryaprabha Turaga - - 2013
Acute ischemic stroke may be the first clinical manifestation of the underlying cardioembolic source. We are reporting a 28-year-old man presenting with acute posterior circulation infarct due to underlying bicuspid aortic valve disease with vegetation detected by transesophageal echocardiography in the absence of clinical features of heart disease and infective ...
Al-Farsi Khalil - - 2013
Cardiogenic embolism is a major cause of stroke and often leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Despite the recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of stroke and its risk factors, diagnosis and therapy; some case scenarios still present a real challenge for the treating physicians. We report a ...
Alter David A - - 2013
To examine the relationship between socio-economic status (SES), functional recovery and long-term mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The extent to which SES mortality disparities are explained by differences in functional recovery following AMI is unclear. We prospectively examined 1368 patients who survived at least one-year following an index AMI ...
Ridker Paul M - - 2013
Inflammation contributes to all phases of the atherothrombotic process, patients with elevated inflammatory biomarkers such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) have increased cardiovascular risk, and recent work directly implicates the interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathways in atherogenesis. Yet, it remains unknown whether targeted inhibition of inflammation will reduce cardiovascular ...
Ellis Christopher R - - 2013
The use of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke and systemic embolism prevention in the setting of specifically non valvular atrial fibrillation has provided clinicians with a realistic treatment alternative to the traditional dose-adjusted, warfarin-based anticoagulation that is targeted to a therapeutic international normalized ratio range of 2.0-3.0. We discuss ...
Tang W K - - 2013
Background: Apathy is common in stroke survivors. Unlike poststroke depression, apathy after stroke has not been extensively investigated and the significance of the location of infarcts in the development of apathy following a stroke is unknown. This study examined the association between poststroke apathy (PSA) and the location of infarcts. ...
Goebel Silvia - - 2013
We examined the effect of Revacept, an Fc fusion protein which is specifically linked to the extracellular domain of glycoprotein VI (GPVI), on thrombus formation after vessel wall injury and on experimental stroke in mice. Several antiplatelet drugs for the treatment of myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke with potent anti-ischemic ...
Kühn Tilman - - 2013
Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in observational studies. Also, SNPs to explain variation in 25(OH)D have been identified by genome-wide association studies. Detection of direct associations between SNPs that significantly affect 25(OH)D and CVD risk would indicate a causal role of vitamin D, ...
Sposato Luciano A - - 2013
Background. Recurrent ischemic stroke is associated with adverse neurological outcome in patients with atrial fibrillation. There is very scarce information regarding the neurological outcome of atrial fibrillation patients undergoing repeated systemic thrombolysis after early recurrent ischemic stroke. Clinical Case and Discussion. We describe a case of a 76-year-old woman with ...
Cook Fabian Alexander Blyth - - 2013
A 68-year-old right-handed man had a sudden onset of impaired typing ability due to an ischaemic stroke that recovered over 2 months. The typing impairment was grossly out of proportion to his transient handwriting disturbance. Diffusion MRI showed a recent acute left temporoparietal infarct. There was no evidence of aphasia, ...
McLeod Damian D - - 2013
Intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) in rodents is perhaps the most widely used model of stroke, however variability of infarct volume and the ramifications of this on sample sizes remains a problem, particularly for preclinical testing of potential therapeutics. Our data and that of others, has shown ...
Chou S H-Y - - 2013
Background: Recent genetic studies of stroke and related risk factors have identified a growing number of susceptibility loci; however, the relationship of these alleles to ischemic stroke is unknown. The challenge in finding reproducible loci of ischemic stroke susceptibility may be in part related to the etiologic heterogeneity in clinically ...
Bjorn-Mortensen Karen - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence of atrial fibrillation among Greenlanders with ischemic stroke. A cross-sectional study. Information on atrial fibrillation and vitamin K antagonistic treatment at admittance and at discharge was obtained for Greenlanders admitted to Queen Ingrid's Hospital in Nuuk with an ischemic stroke in 2011 or in 2012 with ...
Kimura Kazumi - - 2013
Cardioembolic stroke is approximately 30% of brain infarction, and most of the embolus sources are atrial fibrillation (AF). Brain infarction with AF was associated with an elderly woman, main brain arterial occlusion, and large infarcts. Therefore, patient outcome is so sever, and mortality is very high compared with other stroke ...
Yamagami Hiroshi - - 2013
Endovascular therapy (EVT) is performed in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to major artery occlusion, if they were ineligible of intravenous (IV) rt-PA or failure to achieve reperfusion by IV rt-PA. In Japan, intra-arterial thrombolysis has been generally performed, and mechanical thrombectomy using Merci retriever and Penumbra system are ...
Mehrpour Masoud M Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology AND Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Stroke is an important cause of disability and death worldwide, with the majority of strokes occurring in older people. Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA) is the approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke. A major concern of physicians, who treat acute ischemic stroke with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA,) ...
Ramaraj Radhakrishnan R University of Arizona School of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2013
Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is an important echocardiographic finding that is significantly associated with valvular abnormalities. However, the effect of documented MAC on all-cause mortality is not known. Using a large database, associations between MAC and long-term all-cause mortality were evaluated. A retrospective analysis of 3169 echocardiograms, which were performed ...
Menezes Arthur R AR Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, The University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide; it is a significant risk factor for stroke and embolization, and has an impact on cardiac function. Despite its impact on morbidity and mortality, our understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology of this disease process is still incomplete. Over the past ...
Patel Sandeep M SM Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2013
A 16-year-old female with ventricular dysfunction and frequent ventricular arrhythmia presented with a cardioembolic stroke. Prior electrophysiology study and ablation was performed for ventricular tachycardia (VT). For remaining ventricular ectopy, the patient was maintained on carvedilol and mexiletine. After one year on this regimen, she presented with an acute stroke. ...
Leung Wai Yin WY Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, 1685 Highland Avenue No. 7273, Madison, WI 53705-2281, - - 2013
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of disability, and current treatments to improve recovery are limited. Part of the natural recovery process after brain injury is angiogenesis. The formation of new blood vessels around the infarct appears to be important for restoration of adequate perfusion to allow for healing of ...
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