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Results 201 - 250 of 1123
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Providência Rui - - 2013
Cardiac troponin is widely used for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. In addition to this indication, the elevation of troponin has been found to play a prognostic role in ischemic stroke. It is hypothesized that approximately 15-20 % of all ischemic strokes are associated with atrial fibrillation and that these ...
Böhm Michael M Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg, Germany. - - 2013
The impact of nonpersistence on events and of events on persistence is unclear. We studied the effects of nonpersistence on outcomes and events on nonadherence in a randomized placebo controlled trial in 40 countries on 25,620 patients. In the ONgoing Telmisartan Alone and in combination with Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial ...
González Toledo María E - - 2013
It is unknown whether atrial fibrillation (AF) detected after acute ischemic stroke is caused by neurogenic or cardiogenic mechanisms. Based on the potential damage to the autonomic nervous system, neurogenic mechanisms could be implicated in the pathophysiology of newly diagnosed AF. To test this hypothesis, we developed a mechanistic approach ...
L L Yeo Leonard - - 2013
Ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of mortality and long-term disability. In the recent past, only very few treatment options were available and a considerable proportion of stroke survivors remained permanently disabled. However, over the last 2 decades rapid advances in acute stroke care have resulted in a ...
Chen Pei-Chi PC Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital Taipei - - 2014
Admission hyperglycemia is associated with poor outcome in patients with myocardial infarction. The present study evaluated the relationship between admission glucose level and other clinical variables in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The 959 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI were divided into ...
Jung Jin-Man - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The causal relationship between patent foramen ovale (PFO) and stroke is controversial. We hypothesized that if PFO is a pathway of embolic source, there might be a correlation between PFO characteristics (ie, size or extent of shunt) and ischemic lesion burden (ie, infarct volume and number). METHODS: From ischemic ...
Panchal Hemang B - - 2013
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare postprocedural mortality and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events between transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for severe aortic stenosis. Seventeen studies (n = 4,659) comparing TAVI (n = 2,267) and SAVR (n = 2,392) were included. End points were ...
Mwesige J - - 2013
The adoption of early revascularization as the preferred strategy in all ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI) and high risk acute coronary syndromes (ACS) without ST elevation resulted in a considerable reduction in the incidence of post-ACS cardiogenic shock (CS) however the incidence of CS on hospital arrival has not changed. In-hospital ...
Ye Ruidong - - 2013
Numerous studies have identified pathophysiological mechanisms of acute ischemic stroke and have provided proof-of-principle evidence that strategies designed to impede the ischemic cascade, namely neuroprotection, can protect the ischemic brain. However, the translation of these therapeutic agents to the clinic has not been successful. Ginsenoside Rd, a dammarane-type steroid glycoside ...
Tofield Andros - - 2013
Exposure to air pollution is associated with increased mortality after myocardial infarction
Ogata Toshiyasu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There have only been a few reports regarding the outcomes and risk factors after CEA. To clarify the factors associated with outcome in patients with carotid stenosis who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA), we investigated cardiovascular events and mortality in the Kyushu Medical Center in Japan. METHODS: We consecutively registered ...
Fox Kim - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate is known to be detrimental to morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease, though its effect in patients with ischemic stroke is unclear. We analyzed the effect of baseline resting heart rate on myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with a recent noncardioembolic cerebral ischemic event participating ...
Ziegler Annerose - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate prospectively the frequency of laminar infarcts (LI) within a standard stroke unit population. Laminar infarcts follow neuroanatomical borders rather than the vascular architecture. The LI are rarely noticed in clinical routine because they are typically not detected by computed tomography. As there is a ...
Singh Paramdeep - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To provide evidence whether mechanical thrombectomy with stent-retrievers in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke causes intimal damage. METHODS: This study analyzed thrombi retrieved by mechanical thrombectomy from cerebral arteries in 48 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke for the presence of endothelial cells using CD34 antibodies. ...
Fujimoto Hirotaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Restenosis, a condition in which the lesion vessel renarrows after a coronary intervention procedure, remains a limitation in management. A surrogate biomarker for risk stratification of restenosis would be welcome. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is secreted in response to pathologic stress from the heart. Its use as a biomarker ...
Kasner Scott E - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Two randomized trials suggested that transcranial laser therapy (TLT) may benefit patients with acute ischemic stroke, although efficacy has not been confirmed. Supportive proof of concept could be demonstrated if TLT reduces the volume of cortical infarction. METHODS: The NeuroThera Efficacy and Safety Trial-2 (NEST-2) was a ...
Sacco Ralph L - - 2013
Despite the global impact and advances in understanding the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular diseases, the term "stroke" is not consistently defined in clinical practice, in clinical research, or in assessments of the public health. The classic definition is mainly clinical and does not account for advances in science and technology. The ...
Cangemi Roberto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Non-valvular atrial fibrillation is associated with an increase in thromboembolism, i.e. stroke, and atherosclerotic events, i.e. myocardial infarction. Vitamin E possesses anti-coagulant as well as anti-atherosclerotic properties. Our aim was to assess whether vitamin E is associated with cardiovascular events in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Serum levels ...
Zhang Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Our aim was to investigate the disintegration of the geniculocalcarine tract by using DTI-derived parameters in cases of unilateral occipital or temporal-occipital ischemic stroke with geniculocalcarine tract involvement and to determine whether geniculocalcarine tract fibers affected by infarction and unaffected ipsilateral geniculocalcarine tract fibers have different disintegration processes. ...
Neugebauer Hermann - - 2013
Space-occupying brain edema is a frequent and one of the most dreaded complications in ischemic cerebellar stroke. Because the tight posterior fossa provides little compensating space, any space-occupying lesion can lead to life-threatening complications through brainstem compression or compression of the fourth ventricle and subsequent hydrocephalus, both of which may ...
Conforto Adriana B - - 2013
Coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke are frequent coexistent conditions that share risk factors and pose major burdens to global health. Even though a clear relation has been established between extracranial internal carotid artery atherosclerosis and symptomatic or asymptomatic coronary heart disease, there is a gap in knowledge about the ...
Khanna Savita S Department of Surgery, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2013
Glutathione depletion and 12-lipoxygenase-dependent metabolism of arachidonic acid are known to be implicated in neurodegeneration associated with acute ischemic stroke. The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of miR-29 in neurodegeneration associated with acute ischemic stroke. Neural cell death caused by arachidonic acid insult of glutathione-deficient cells ...
John Seby - - 2013
Our objective is to report an interesting case of a patient with known severe vertebrobasilar disease who presented with isolated bilateral middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) infarction. Isolated infarction of the MCP is uncommon, occurring in roughly 0.12% of acute strokes. Isolated bilateral MCP infarction is extremely rare and has been ...
Hornero Fernando - - 2013
OBJECTIVETo develop a multivariate predictive risk score of perioperative in-hospital stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery.METHODA total of 26 347 patients were enrolled from 21 Spanish hospital databases. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict the risk of perioperative stroke (ictus or transient ischaemic attack). The predictive scale ...
Sivri Nasir - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and chronic systolic heart failure (HF) predispose to intraventricular thrombus formation and embolization resulting in stroke. Current guideline recommends the use of oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and history of previous thromboembolism. However, anticoagulant treatment in patients with LV systolic dysfunction with sinus ...
Dababneh Haitham H Neuroscience Institute at JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ, USA. - - 2013
An 88-year-old woman with a medical history of diabetes, hypertension, and atrial fibrillation presented to the emergency room after being found unresponsive with a NIH Stroke Scale score of 23 and Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3. She was unresponsive to painful stimuli. Noncontrast CT demonstrated bilateral thalamic infarcts (figure ...
Palmerini Tullio - - 2013
Although some trials have reported that on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery may be associated with higher rates of stroke than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), whether stroke is more common after off-pump CABG compared with PCI is unknown. We therefore sought to determine whether off-pump CABG is associated with ...
Morikami Yuko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) often have prior stroke or concomitant extra-cardiac vascular disease (EVD) such as cerebral, aortic, or peripheral vascular disease. However, clinical outcomes after coronary revascularization in patients with polyvascular disease have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Among 15,263 patients undergoing first coronary revascularization enrolled ...
Riccio Patricia M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Based on the higher frequency of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation during night and early morning hours, we sought to analyze the association between newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation and wake-up ischemic cerebrovascular events. METHODS: We prospectively assessed every acute ischemic stroke and TIA patient admitted to our hospital between 2008 and ...
Inoue Yasuteru - - 2013
Bilateral medial medullary infarction (MMI) is a rare type of stroke with poor outcomes. Inferior olivary nucleus hypertrophy results from a pathologic lesion in the Guillain-Mollaret triangle. The relationship between inferior olivary nucleus hypertrophy and the medullary lesion is obscure. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 autopsy case ...
Espinera Alyssa R - - 2013
Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) after stroke enhances motor functional recovery; however, the underlying mechanisms remain to be further elucidated. We hypothesized that daily administration of the clinical drug citalopram would produce these functional benefits via enhancing neurovascular repair in the ischemic ...
Meyer Gregory - - 2013
Autophagy is an intracellular bulk degradation process for elimination of damaged macromolecules and organelles. In the past decades, the scientific community has gained increasingly detailed understanding of the role of autophagy in myocardial homeostasis, although still many controversies remain. In the ischemic myocardium, autophagy appears to be beneficial for survival, ...
Leiva-Salinas C - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The decision on thrombolytics administration is usually based on a generalized, rigid time-based rule rather than an individualized evaluation of the "tissue at risk of infarction" which is the target of the recanalization therapies. The goals of our article are to assess whether there is tissue at risk of ...
Cha M-J - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores are measurement tools that stratify thromboembolic risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, and are predictive of cerebral atherosclerosis, fatal stroke and ischaemic heart disease. Patients with higher CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores are more likely to have had an ...
Guptill Jeffrey T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: STROKE IS A RARE BUT POTENTIALLY DEVASTATING COMPLICATION OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT STROKE TIMING, CHARACTERISTICS, AND CLINICAL OUTCOMES IN PATIENTS WITH ST-SEGMENT ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION TREATED WITH PRIMARY PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION (PCI).METHODS AND RESULTS: WE STUDIED 5372 PATIENTS ENROLLED IN THE ASSESSMENT OF PEXELIZUMAB IN ...
Rao Neal M - - 2013
We report the case of a 27-year-old man with a history of previously undiagnosed renal disease that presented with multiple cerebrovascular infarctions. Workup for traditional causes of cerebrovascular infarction including cardiac telemetry, multiple echocardiograms, and hypercoagulative workup was negative. However, a transcranial Doppler detected circulating microemboli at the rate of ...
Greenberg Heather - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia found in older adults that places them at a high risk for stroke. The presence of AF in an individual, especially older than 60 years, increases the risk of mortality, affects quality of life, and increases prevalence of heart failure. The goal of ...
Ström Jakob O - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Even though more than 600 stroke treatments have been shown effective in preclinical studies, clinically proven treatment alternatives for cerebral infarction remain scarce. Amongst the reasons for the discrepancy may be methodological shortcomings, such as high mortality and outcome variability, in the preclinical studies. A common approach in animal ...
Danelich Ilya M IM Department of Pharmacy, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia associated with significant morbidity and mortality, affecting more than 3 million people in the United States and 1-2% of the population worldwide. Its estimated prevalence is expected to double within the next 50 years. During the past decade, there have been significant advances in ...
Khare Rahul K - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services currently endorses a door-to-balloon time of 90 minutes or less for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Recent evidence shows that a door-to-balloon time of 60 minutes significantly decreases inhospital mortality. We seek to use ...
Sohn Hoyon - - 2013
Background: Studies investigating the clinical features and stroke mechanisms of anterior choroidal artery (AchA) infarction have reported inconsistent results. This may be partly due to different degrees of inclusion of patients with isolated posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) lesions, which may be supplied by lenticulostriate arteries rather than ...
Harrington Robert A - - 2013
QUESTION Does percutaneous coronary intervention using drug-eluting stents (PCI-DESs) improve clinical outcomes compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD)? METHODS DESIGN Randomized controlled trial (Future REvascularization Evaluation in patients with Diabetes mellitus: Optimal management of Multivessel disease [FREEDOM] trial). ClinicalTrials.gov ...
Mack Michael J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze stroke rates in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial's randomized and registry cohorts of patients being treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of complex coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: The ...
Hennekens Charles H CH Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33432, USA. - - 2013
In secondary prevention among a wide range of patients who have survived a prior occlusive vascular event, as well as during acute myocardial infarction and acute occlusive stroke, aspirin produces statistically significant and clinically important reductions in the risk of subsequent myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular death. In primary prevention, ...
Tu Hans T H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with greater baseline neurological impairment and worse outcomes following ischemic stroke. Previous studies suggest that greater volumes of more severe baseline hypoperfusion in patients with history of atrial fibrillation may explain this association. We further investigated this association by comparing patients with and without atrial ...
Puig Josep - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of diffusion tensor imaging in determining stroke age remains unclear. We tested the ability of diffusion tensor imaging metrics to discriminate ischemic stroke <4.5 hours of onset. METHODS: We enrolled 60 consecutive patients for multimodal 1.5 T MRI within 12 hours of middle cerebral artery ...
Wu Tzu-Ching - - 2013
Ischaemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide, and intravenous alteplase is the only proven effective treatment in the acute setting. Hypothermia has been shown to improve neurological outcomes after global ischaemia-hypoxia in comatose patients who have had cardiac arrest, and is one of the ...
Devos D - - 2013
Over the last 15 years, advances in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) management have led to a significant reduction in the morbidity and mortality related to this serious disease. This has resulted from progress in imaging technology, increased access to imaging procedures, enhanced coordination in stroke care from emergency departments to ...
Conti Alberto - - 2013
: Prognostication beyond troponin levels in patients with acute atrial fibrillation (AF) is still unclear. : One-month and 1-year outcomes in 1091 patients with acute AF were analyzed. Primary endpoints were stroke or the composite of acute coronary syndrome, revascularization, and death. : In the short term, troponin (odds ratio ...
Alkali Nura H - - 2013
Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability worldwide. A better understanding of stroke risk factors and outcome may help guide efforts at reducing the community burden of stroke. This study aimed to understand stroke risk factors, imaging subtypes, and 30-day outcomes among ...
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