Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1069
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Mizukoshi Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: We have previously observed that sympathetic blockade by epidural anesthesia (EA) modifies the cardiovascular response to marked hypercapnic acidosis in dogs. Our objective was to determine whether the combination of marked hypercapnic acidosis and EA reduce left ventricular contractility. METHODS: We randomly assigned 22 Japanese white rabbits anesthetized with ...
Hamada K - - 2001
The purpose of the following experiment was to determine whether amelioration of myocardial contractile dysfunction by diltiazem is mediated by shortening of monophasic action potential duration (MAPD) during myocardial ischemia in anesthetized dogs. Diltiazem improved regional contraction during reperfusion after 10-min occlusion. The shortening of MAPD and increase in [K+]e ...
Lancellotti P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relative value of electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, angiographic, and in-hospital therapeutic indices for predicting late functional recovery after acute myocardial infarction, and to determine the variables associated with absence of recovery, partial recovery, and full recovery. DESIGN: Prospective observational follow up study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 74 consecutive ...
Di Bello V - - 2001
Ultrasonic myocardial tissue characterization represents a relatively new diagnostic tool which allows integration of the conventional echocardiographic evaluation, in order to obtain specific textural parameters which reflect the myocardial ultrastructural texture. In particular, through this approach it is possible to obtain two different types of information: the first is static ...
Takuma S - - 2001
It is well known that the level of anesthesia obtained by intraperitoneal injection is variable and may alter cardiac function. In this study, we compared the effects of different anesthetics on cardiac function with the conscious state using high-resolution two-dimensional echocardiography in nonischemic and ischemic mice. Eighty-four mice were tested ...
Arthur W - - 2001
For over 40 years the measurement of intracardiac impedance has been proposed as a method of assessing the contractile state of the heart muscle. This technique requires the positioning of one or more intracavitary electrodes and the generation of an electric field from an alternating current source. Variations in the ...
Pomerantz B J - - 2001
The proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 was investigated for its role in human myocardial function. An ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model of suprafused human atrial myocardium was used to assess myocardial contractile force. Addition of IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP), the constitutive inhibitor of IL-18 activity, to the perifusate during and after I/R resulted in ...
Schotten U - - 2001
BACKGROUND: After cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF), the contractile function of the atria is temporarily impaired. Although this has significant clinical implications, the underlying cellular mechanisms are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-nine consecutive patients submitted for mitral valve surgery were investigated. Twenty-three were in persistent AF (>/=3 months); the ...
Muro T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether assessment of the acoustic properties of the myocardium at rest can predict contractile reserve in patients with chronic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: 23 patients (mean (SD) age 63 (12) years) with chronic left ventricular dysfunction were studied. The magnitude of cardiac cycle dependent variation of integrated ...
Nagahama Y - - 2001
Echocardiographic techniques were used to measure left ventricular isovolumic and ejection phase indexes of contractility in 54 patients with atrial fibrillation, and the relations between cycle lengths and contractility were compared in patients with normal and depressed ejection fractions. Data indicate that variations in contractility occur in a pattern that ...
Rivenes S M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular effects of halogenated anesthetic agents in children with normal hearts have been studied, but data in children with cardiac disease are limited. This study compared the effects of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, and fentanyl-midazolam on systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics and myocardial contractility in patients with congenital heart disease. ...
Grandel U - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial depression, which frequently occurs in the course of septic shock, has been attributed to the cardiodepressant properties of nitric oxide (NO) generated by either the inducible NO synthase (iNOS) or the constitutive isoform (cNOS). We have previously demonstrated that alpha-toxin from Staphylococcus aureus induces thromboxane-mediated vasoconstriction accompanied by ...
Russell F D - - 2001
The effects of the recently identified human peptide urotensin-II (hU-II) were investigated on human cardiac muscle contractility and coronary artery tone. In right atrial trabeculae from non-failing hearts, hU-II caused a concentration-dependent increase in contractile force (pEC(50)=9.5+/-0.1; E(max)=31.3+/-4.8% compared to 9.25 mM Ca(2+); n=9) with no change in contraction duration. ...
Knollmann B C - - 2001
The cardiac troponin T (TnT) I79N mutation has been linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and a high incidence of sudden death, despite causing little or no cardiac hypertrophy. In skinned fibers, I79N increased myofilamental calcium sensitivity (Miller, T., Szczesna, D., Housmans, P. R., Zhao, J., deFreitas, F., Gomes, A. V., ...
Paulus W J - - 2000
Modulation by NO of systolic myocardial function received widespread attention but most studies focused on potential negative inotropic properties of NO. The very original observations on the effects of NO on myocardial contraction already provided evidence that NO modified myocardial contractile performance mainly through a relaxation-hastening effect (i.e. earlier onset ...
Shan K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Alterations in adrenergic receptor densities can potentially contribute to myocardial dysfunction. Their relevance to myocardial hibernation in humans is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Accordingly, 22 transmural myocardial biopsies were obtained in 11 patients with ischemic ventricular dysfunction during bypass surgery, guided by transesophageal echocardiography. Patients underwent dobutamine echocardiography (DE) ...
Stangl V - - 2000
The effects of adrenomedullin in the regulation of myocardial contractility were investigated in the rat. In papillary muscles (n=6), adrenomedullin (0.1 to 10 nM) failed to show contractile effects. NO (nitric oxide) synthase inhibition with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG) did not unmask any inotropic effect of adrenomedullin. The positive inotropic effect of ...
Kapelko V I - - 2000
The purpose of the study was to explore effects of prolonged caffeine administration on the contractile function and myocardial energy metabolites of the isolated rat heart. Caffeine treatment for 1 week (10 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) was followed by unchanged pump function of the isolated heart, but reduced maximal ...
Zaloga G P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the direct and indirect effects of the anorexic agent phenylpropanolamine (PPA) on the heart and to determine whether nitric oxide deficiency exacerbates the myocardial toxicity of PPA. DESIGN: Dose response effects using sequential drug administration. SETTING: Animal research laboratory of a large tertiary academic medical center. SUBJECTS: ...
Dhein S - - 2000
In human right atrium, endothelin A (ET(A)) receptors couple to both inositol phosphate formation and inhibition of adenylylcyclase, whereas in human left ventricle, ET(A) receptors couple only to inositol phosphate formation. To find out whether this might be of functional relevance, we studied, in right atria obtained from 32 patients ...
de Groot S H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In dogs, chronic complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) results in structural (biventricular hypertrophy) and electrical (delayed repolarization) remodeling, which predisposes the heart to torsade de pointes arrhythmias. We assessed the contractile alterations in the CAVB dog and tested the hypothesis that these adaptations increase delayed afterdepolarization (DAD)-dependent triggered arrhythmias. METHODS ...
Canty J M JM - - 2000
Identification of myocardial viability is of increasing clinical importance in managing patients with coronary artery disease and advanced left ventricular dysfunction. Although viable chronically dysfunctional myocardium is always the result of repetitive episodes of reversible ischemia, there may be multiple mechanisms responsible for the contractile dysfunction. Many patients have contractile ...
Trines S A - - 2000
There is no evidence regarding the effect of stunning on maximization of regional myocardial external work (EW) or efficiency of energy transfer (EET) in relation to regional afterload (end-systolic stress, sigma(es)). To that end, we studied these relationships in both the left anterior descending coronary artery (LADCA) and left circumflex ...
Ferdinandy P - - 2000
Proinflammatory cytokines depress myocardial contractile function by enhancing the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), yet the mechanism of iNOS-mediated myocardial injury is not clear. As the reaction of NO with superoxide to form peroxynitrite markedly enhances the toxicity of NO, we hypothesized that peroxynitrite itself is responsible for cytokine-induced ...
Douglas S A - - 2000
The novel cyclic undecapeptide human urotensin-II (hU-II) and its high-affinity G-protein-coupled receptor, GPR14, are both expressed within the human cardiovasculature (vascular smooth muscle, endothelium, myocardium, coronary atheroma, etc.) and may, therefore, contribute to the (patho)physiological regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis in humans. Indeed, hU-II is an efficacious, sustained spasmogen of mammalian ...
Chen J W - - 2000
The relationship between coronary hemodynamics and left ventricular contractility was studied in 20 patients with syndrome X. Among them, 10 patients with a resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, by radionuclide method) equal to or greater than the mean value of the whole group (58%) were defined as having relative ...
Garcia F C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE:To examine the effects of long-term high-altitude hypoxia on the contractile properties of isolated fetal coronary arteries. METHODS: Maximal contractile responses (T(max)) to 90 mmol/L KCl and the thromboxane A(2) mimetic U46619 were measured in proximal (PLCx) and distal left circumflex (DLCx), left anterior descending (LAD), and right coronary arterial ...
Afulukwe I F - - 2000
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced myocardial dysfunction remains controversial as some investigators concluded that inhibition of NO synthesis improves left ventricular (LV) contractility, whereas others did not. We investigated the relationship between LPS-induced LV dysfunction and LV NO production. We postulated that high myocardial NO concentrations ...
Schwinger R H - - 2000
The mode of action of Crataegus extracts in the treatment of heart failure is still under examination. WS 1442, a standardized special extract from Crataegus leaves with flowers, exerts direct positive inotropic effects. This study was designed to investigate the mode of inotropic action of WS 1442 in human myocardium ...
Heusch G - - 2000
Patients with chronic coronary artery disease frequently have contractile dysfunction that recovers upon reperfusion. The concept of myocardial hibernation views the observed reduction in contractile function not as the result of an ongoing energetic deficit, but as an adaptive down-regulation that serves to maintain myocardial integrity and viability. In the ...
Alpert N R - - 2000
In failing human hearts (FHH) (NYHA IV) the cardiac output is inadequate to meet the metabolic needs of the peripheral systems. By means of thermo-mechanical analysis we have shown that epicardial strips from FHH (37 degrees C) have a depressed tension independent heat (TIH) and tension independent heat rate (dTIH ...
Leone R J RJ - - 2000
We hypothesized that myocardial stunning would be reversed through increased cyclic GMP caused by nitroprusside, and that this would be accomplished through a decreased proportion of regional work during diastole. Hearts were instrumented to measure left ventricular pressure, and regional myocardial mechanics were recorded using a miniature force transducer and ...
Miyaji K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of regional myocardial contractile function is of clinical importance. We have developed a new tactile sensor system for accurate measurement of myocardial stiffness in situ. We found that the myocardial stiffness measured by this sensor, which we call tactile stiffness, can be a very useful index for accurate ...
Effat M - - 2000
In 10 patients with atrial fibrillation, echocardiographic measures of left ventricular function-interval relations were used to assess contractility and to test the hypothesis that rhythm regularization produces a higher contractile state than is seen when the rhythm is irregular. Regularization, following direct-current cardioversion, did not augment ventricular contractility above that ...
Marian A J - - 2000
Myocardial contractility is generally believed to be increased in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. I propose the opposite--that cardiac myocyte contractility is decreased in this disorder. Accordingly, the contractile deficit provides the primary stimulus for increased expression of trophic factors in the heart, which leads to hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and other phenotypes. Variation ...
Rouet-Benzineb P - - 1999
End-stage of human dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by myocyte loss and fibrosis, and associated with ventricular dilatation and reduced cardiac function. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their natural tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) have been involved in the myocardial remodeling. To evaluate the potential role of matrix gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in ...
Prabhu S D - - 1999
As the precise role of nitric oxide (NO) as a modulator of myocardial contraction and the force-interval relationship remains unclear, the objective of this study was to examine the effect of the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP) on baseline myocardial contraction, and the impact of both SNAP and the NO synthase ...
Cross H R - - 1999
Cardiac beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR) overexpression is a potential contractile therapy for heart failure. Cardiac contractility was elevated in mice overexpressing beta(2)ARs (TG4s) with no adverse effects under normal conditions. To assess the consequences of beta(2)AR overexpression during ischemia, perfused hearts from TG4 and wild-type mice were subjected to 20-minute ischemia ...
Ren J - - 1999
Accumulating evidence has indicated that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays a specific role in the intricate cascade of events of cardiovascular function, in addition to its well established growth-promoting and metabolic effects. IGF-1 is believed to mediate many effects of growth hormone (GH), IGF-1 promotes cardiac growth, improves cardiac contractility, ...
Heusch G - - 1999
During normoperfusion, both myocardial blood flow and contractile function are heterogeneously distributed throughout the left ventricle. Midwall segment shortening is greater at the apex than at the base of the left ventricle, and greater in the anterior than in the posterior wall. Also, transmural heterogeneity of myocardial deformation exists, with ...
Segawa D - - 1999
Cardiac effects of clevidipine, a new ultrashort-acting dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel antagonist were investigated in Langendorff-perfused rat hearts and compared to those of nifedipine and isradipine. The aim was to determine and compare the negative inotropic vs. chronotropic potency of these drugs. The hearts were perfused with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer at ...
Hoffmann J N - - 1999
Myocardial dysfunction due to sepsis is common in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and is believed to be produced by inflammatory mediators. Some of these mediators may be eliminated by continuous hemofiltration, which is a standard procedure in an ICU for renal replacement therapy. This study was designed to ...
Ramesh G - - 1999
Increased Plasma Nitrite Level in Cardiac Failure. Nitric oxide is implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiac failure. Plasma nitrite level (an end product of nitric oxide metabolism) is studied in 15 patients of chronic rheumatic valvular heart disease with myocardial contractile dysfunction and cardiac failure (Group I), 15 patients of ...
Janssen P M - - 1999
Functional studies of different human cell types have been successfully conducted under in vitro conditions. Despite many efforts, it has not been possible to develop a human myocardial preparation in which contractile function can be studied over several days. We hypothesize that by mimicking the in vivo situation in an ...
Upton R N - - 1999
The myocardial kinetics of meperidine and the relationship between these kinetics and the effect of meperidine on myocardial contractility (maximum positive rate of change of left ventricular pressure) were examined by analysis of previously published data collected in sheep after the i.v. injection of 100 mg of meperidine over 1 ...
MacFarlane N G - - 1999
This study aimed to determine structural alterations occurring in cardiac myofilaments after exogenous application of oxidants and the effects of oxidants on contractile protein function in a rabbit coronary artery ligation model of heart failure. Myocardial "stiffness" was higher in the ligated animals (Lig) than sham-operated controls (Sh, 4.9+/-1.5 versus ...
Hatcher C J - - 1999
Ablation of the cardiac neural crest (CNCA) in embryonic chicks results in a high incidence of persistent truncus arteriosus, a congenital heart defect associated with decreased myocardial contractility. Using left ventricular trabeculae from chicks at embryonic day (ED) 15, we have previously shown that the twitch force of intact preparations ...
Ritchie R H - - 1999
1. During septic shock, myocardial contractile dysfunction is accompanied by the release of cytokines and enhanced production of nitric oxide, and the contractile dysfunction is prevented by glucocorticoids. 2. Myocardial dysfunction was induced in vitro by incubation of rat papillary muscle for 15 h with endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) and interferon-gamma ...
Schmidt C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Propofol's unique pharmacokinetic profile offers advantages for titration and rapid emergence in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, but concern for negative inotropic properties potentially limits its use in these patients. The current study analyzed the effect of various propofol plasma concentrations on left ventricular (LV) contractility ...
Kypson A - - 1999
Gene transfer to modify donor heart function during transplantation has significant therapeutic implications. Recent studies by our laboratory in transgenic mice have shown that overexpression of beta2-adrenergic receptors (beta2-ARs) leads to significantly enhanced cardiac function. Thus, we investigated the functional consequences of adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of the human beta2-AR in ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >