Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 729
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Zeymer U - - 1999
Long-term follow-up of placebo-controlled thrombolysis trials has proven that the survival benefit from thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is maintained for up to 10 years. Ongoing research is being conducted with the aim to further improve early restoration of blood flow in the infarct vessel and, thus, reperfusion of ...
Rogers I R - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate how emergency department triage scale and thrombolysis indicator data can be used to document the impact of a substantial increase in resource allocation. METHODS: Descriptive study in an emergency department of an adult tertiary hospital in Perth, Australia during similar periods of the year both before and ...
Jan V - - 1999
Inflammatory response in the atherosclerotic lesions of coronary artery disease, mediated by cellular immune mechanisms is well appreciated. The significance of the immuno-inflammatory processes for the development of acute ischaemic sequelae of these lesions remains unsettled. Fifty patients of acute coronary syndromes were studied for complement components and immunoglobin levels ...
Vinereanu Dragos - - 1999
A 56-year-old man received thrombolysis for an anterior myocardial infarction after chest pain for 18 hours. Ten days later he was readmitted with fever and hemodynamic deterioration. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a thin-walled cavity at the apex of the left ventricle. At operation he was found to have a myocardial abscess, ...
Gassler J P - - 1999
Therapy for acute myocardial infarction has advanced dramatically since the early 1980s with the use of early intravenous fibrinolytic therapy. Combining low-dose fibrinolysis and platelet lysis appears to provide an additional increase in infarct-related artery (IRA) patency, but the large-scale mortality reduction trials evaluating this strategy are just getting under ...
Marchetti G - - 1999
Thrombolysis after acute myocardial infarction may lead to a number of adverse effects (reperfusion injury) such as myocardial stunning, arrhythmias and even myocardial damage and extension of the infarct size. Some recent clinical studies have demonstrated that the intravenous infusion of N-acetylcysteine during thrombolysis was associated with a decrease in ...
Rebello S S - - 1999
Chimeric version of the murine monoclonal antibody, 7E3 has been proposed for the early restoration of coronary artery patency during thrombolytic therapy. We determined the optimal time for administration of 7E3 during recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA)-induced thrombolysis using a canine model of coronary artery thrombosis. After 30 min of ...
Dormandy J - - 1999
Although there is little information on the incidence of acute limb ischemia (ALI) in the general population, it is estimated to be 14 per 100,000 and to compose 10% to 16% of the vascular workload. Also, as surgical intervention has become an option for ALI, the numbers actually referred appear ...
Manginas A - - 1999
A simple and readily available method of estimating coronary flow velocity reserve may have significant clinical value. With use of intracoronary adenosine we documented a very good correlation between coronary flow reserve values obtained with the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction trial frame count method and the invasive Doppler wire (Flowire) ...
Smith D M - - 1999
A major initiative to implement a clinical pathway for myocardial infarction has provided a model on which to further develop pathways within our organization. Two of the primary objectives were to reduce time to thrombolysis and length of stay. Two years after the implementation of the myocardial infarction pathway there ...
Timmis G C - - 1999
Attempts to extract clot from an infarct-related coronary artery have underestimated the frequency and pathophysiologic significance of thrombus in acute coronary syndromes. The overwhelming body of evidence garnered over the last 20 years, especially the achievement of reperfusion (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction trial grade 2 and 3 flow) with most ...
Ottervanger J P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Several studies demonstrate a better outcome after primary angioplasty compared with thrombolysis. The mechanism is assumed to be a higher rate of open infarct-related vessels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a randomized trial of primary coronary angioplasty compared with thrombolysis. A total of 401 patients with acute myocardial infarction ...
Gibson C M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Study Group originally defined TIMI grade 3 flow (complete perfusion) as antegrade flow into the bed distal to the obstruction that occurs as promptly as antegrade flow into the bed proximal to the obstruction. Recently, several groups have defined TIMI grade 3 flow ...
Gibson C M - - 1999
The past decade has witnessed a dramatic expansion in the scope of both mechanical and pharmacologic methods for opening occluded arteries in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Although the relative merits of conventional balloon angioplasty and thrombolysis have been evaluated, this old debate is being eclipsed by new comparisons. New ...
Guzzo J A - - 1999
The effect of chronic estrogen replacement therapy on the corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction trial frame count of the left anterior descending coronary artery was assessed in 122 postmenopausal women. With use of multivariate analysis to account for confounding variables likely to affect the corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction trial ...
Zahn R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the differences in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary angioplasty or intravenous thrombolysis in clinical practice. METHODS: In all, 5,906 patients with AMI were registered by the Maximal Individual Therapy in Acute Myocardial Infarction (MITRA) study. Of these, 491 (8.3%) patients were ...
Juliard J M - - 1999
This study sought to assess the rate of acute Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) trial grade 3 patency that can be achieved with the combination of prehospital thrombolysis and standby rescue angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction. No large angiographic study has been performed after prehospital thrombolysis to determine the 90-minute ...
Gorog D A - - 1999
AIMS: To assess the efficacy of second-time administration of streptokinase (SK). First-time thrombolysis with SK in myocardial infarction (MI) is established but the efficacy of subsequent SK is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Platelet reactivity to shear stress, spontaneous and SK-induced thrombolysis were measured in vitro in 28 patients who had ...
Stern R - - 1998
Efficacy of reperfusion therapy in acute myocardial infarction is strictly time dependent. As is evidenced by several studies, most benefit in terms of myocardial salvage and short- and long-term mortality is achieved with initiation of therapy within the first 60-90 minutes after onset of symptoms. Nearly exclusively, prehospital initiation of ...
Shotliff K - - 1998
The benefits of thrombolytic therapy in a patient with diabetes having a myocardial infarction are now well accepted but this treatment may be withheld inappropriately because of concerns about retinal haemorrhage. We therefore examined whether junior doctors alter their use of thrombolysis for the treatment of acute myocardial infarctions according ...
Porter T R - - 1998
Intravenous injections or infusions of perfluorocarbon-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin microbubbles were given 2.4 +/- 1.6 days following acute myocardial infarction to 45 consecutive patients. Patients were divided into 3 groups: patients with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 angiographic flow but persistent myocardial contrast defects by echocardiography (no reflow), ...
Myers R B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review prehospital management of patients with suspected ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI) based on the acquisition and interpretation of electrocardiograms (ECGs), and the effects of thrombolytic therapy initiated by prehospital care providers. DESIGN: MEDLINE was searched by combining the search phrases 'thrombolysis,' 'paramedics' and 'myocardial infarction' to ...
Wald D S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of thrombolytic treatment in acute myocardial infarction when faced with perceived contraindications to treatment and to explore the justification for withholding treatment in such clinical situations. METHODS: Interview survey of all doctors responsible administering thrombolysis to patients with acute myocardial infarction at a teaching hospital ...
Thompson P L - - 1998
Early and complete coronary reperfusion can improve survival in myocardial infarction. Primary angioplasty can achieve TIMI grade 3 flow (complete restoration) in over 90% of cases. In comparison thrombolysis can achieve TIMI grade 3 flow in only just over 50%. Comparative trials have shown superior rates of death and reinfarction ...
French J K - - 1998
Over the last decade Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grades have been the gold standard for the assessment of efficacy of infarct-artery reperfusion. However, with the introduction of core angiographic laboratories, the reproducibility of TIMI flow grades has been questioned. The corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC) has been developed ...
Aufderheide T P - - 1998
Ninety percent of patients with acute myocardial infarction have some cardiac rhythm abnormality, and approximately twenty-five percent have cardiac conduction disturbance within 24 hours following infarct onset. Almost any rhythm disturbance can be associated with acute myocardial infarction, including bradyarrhythmias, supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, and atrioventricular block. With the advent ...
Chamuleau S A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of fixed dose, weight adjusted subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), with monitoring of anti-Xa levels and assessment of coronary patency rates after three to five days, thereby giving an initial indication of its safety and efficacy. DESIGN: In 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction, ...
Ito H - - 1998
Since the recognition that prompt reperfusion of the infarct-related artery decreases mortality after acute myocardial infarction (MI), we have been interested in optimizing therapeutic regimens to accelerate the establishment of infarct-related artery patency. Although the major endpoint of many angiographic trials has been the acquisition of a patent infarct-related artery, ...
van 't Hof A W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of reperfusion therapies for acute myocardial infarction is not only restoration of blood flow in the epicardial coronary artery but also complete and sustained reperfusion of the infarcted part of the myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 777 patients who underwent primary coronary angioplasty during a ...
Miller T D - - 1998
In this multicenter study, 249 patients who underwent tomographic technetium-99m sestamibi infarct size measurement at hospital discharge were followed up for a median duration of 7 months. Infarct size was significantly associated with mortality (chi-square = 5.8, p = 0.02) and could stratify patients into lower and higher risk subsets: ...
Stewart J T - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate a biochemical approach to the early noninvasive assessment of reperfusion. BACKGROUND: In patients with an acute myocardial infarction, a rapid noninvasive method of detecting failure of intravenous thrombolytic therapy to restore early Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow in the infarct-related artery ...
Galati A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis has reduced early and longterm mortality by about 20%; sometimes, however, there is a re-occlusion of the infarct related artery or an unsuccessful thrombolysis. In these situations, there is a possible increase in detrimental events in the follow-up. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the ...
Hirvonen T P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine lengths and causes of pre- and in-hospital delays in thrombolytic treatment. DESIGN: A prospective national survey covering 48 of the 51 Finnish university, central and general hospitals to obtain basic data before the start of a public campaign to shorten patient-related delay in acute myocardial infarction. SUBJECTS: ...
Mahy I R - - 1998
Prompt restoration of coronary artery patency in acute myocardial infarction is associated with substantial improvements in morbidity and mortality. The pivotal role of thrombolysis and aspirin in achieving these goals is well established. However, despite the success of thrombolytic therapy in large trials, clinical assessment in individual patients often suggests ...
Karagounis L A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: QT dispersion (QTd; QT interval maximum minus minimum) has been shown to reflect regional variations in ventricular repolarization and is increased in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: To determine correlates of QTd in patients who had had myocardial infarction (MI), 207 patients (158 men, aged 57 +/- 11 ...
Weiss A T - - 1998
The long term impact of pre-hospital thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction on the subsequent development of heart failure symptoms was investigated in 362 consecutive patients. The pre hospital strategy, used in 61 patients, allowed for very early administration of streptokinase, within 1.2+/-0.6 (mean+/-S.D.) hours from pain onset. In contrast, 294 ...
Himbert D - - 1998
Among 377 patients consecutively treated with primary coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction, in-hospital mortality was higher in patients ineligible than in patients eligible for thrombolysis (14.4% vs 7.8%, p <0.05). It remained dismal (75.9%) in patients with cardiogenic shock, but was similar in lytic-eligible patients and in those who ...
Dodge J T JT - - 1998
A mechanical injection was used to determine the impact of injection rate on the TIMI frame count. The 1.0-ml/s increase in hand injection rates from the 10th to 90th percentiles for angiographers is associated with a minor decrease of <2 frames that is <7% of the corrected TIMI frame count.
Penco M - - 1998
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between infarct-related artery residual stenosis, assessed by quantitative coronary angiography, and left ventricular function changes during the in-hospital period in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing thrombolytic treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 90 patients with ...
Chan W K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of initiating thrombolysis for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Accident and Emergency Department. METHODS: From January 1993 to December 1995, all AMI patients who were admitted to the United Christian Hospital and given thrombolytic therapy were studied. The patients' demographic data, time ...
Steg P G - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the relation between time to treatment and 90-min patency rates in patients receiving intravenous streptokinase (SK) or accelerated tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). BACKGROUND: Early patency of the infarct-related artery is a major determinant of survival after thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction. Some data suggest that ...
French J K - - 1998
Because 24% to 30% of patent infarct-related arteries occlude in the year following thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction, angiographic factors including corrected Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count which may predict abnormal infarct-artery flow, require definition. We examined changes in coronary flow and infarct-artery lesion severity by computerized ...
Christian T F - - 1998
This study sought to determine the prevalence of spontaneous reperfusion of an infarct-related artery (IRA) and associated myocardial salvage in the absence of thrombolysis or angioplasty. Twenty-one patients with acute myocardial infarction received only heparin and aspirin. At a median of 18 hours after presentation, 12 patients (57%) had angiographic ...
Bharat V - - 1998
Thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction has been proved to be most effective if given very early in the course of evolving infarction. This study was undertaken to optimise such treatment by overcoming the in-hospital delay in the existing set-up of an industrial hospital. A quality improvement project was undertaken ...
Tracy R P - - 1998
Current protocols for use of tissue-type plasminogen activator in acute myocardial infarction include heparin estimated by the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Recent reports indicate a risk of recurrent ischemic events with long aPTT values. Longer aPTT values in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction-II (TIMI II) Trial, obtained within the ...
Banerjee S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of a fast-track method of admitting patients with myocardial infarction directly to the coronary care unit (CCU). STUDY DESIGN: Ambulance paramedic staff were trained and provided with a Life Pak XI Monitor/Defibrillator which can obtain a 12-lead electrocardiogram. When a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction ...
Muoghalu K - - 1998
A dilated cardiomyopathy patient whose congestive cardiac failure was made refractory to treatment by a left ventricular thrombus is reported. Thrombolectomy is usually the preferred therapeutic approach over anticoagulation and thrombolysis, as the latter approaches are said to carry the risk of stroke and haermorrhage. Facilities for thrombolectomy may not ...
Landmark K - - 1998
In 753 patients with acute myocardial infarction, use of fish oils (FO, n = 242) before onset of infarction seemed to reduce infarct size as estimated from peak creatine kinase (CKmax) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDmax) activities. The study had an observational exposed/nonexposed design, and both crude and adjusted effects were ...
von Essen R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To define an optimal dose of hirudin that would improve early coronary artery Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction grade 3 (TIMI 3) patency and prevent reocclusions in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with front-loaded recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA). METHODS: Recombinant hirudin (HBW 023) was tested in a sequential ...
Laperche T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Biochemical markers have been suggested for the noninvasive diagnosis of reperfusion early after thrombolysis. Their ability to discriminate between Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 2 and 3 flow grades remains unknown. METHODS: In 97 patients with myocardial infarction < or =6 hours, myoglobin, troponin T, MBCK, and MMCK isoforms ...
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